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Over There With Men From Here
Important role played BY D. C. PILOTS IN EUROPE By WALTER McCALLUM, S»ar SiftfT War Correspondent. A UNITED STATES FIGHTER BASE IN ENGLAND.—Fighter air craft pilots^ from the Washington area are playing an increasingly im portant part in the preinvasion air battle of Europe as mighty air fleets of a size never dreamed of batter and tear at the European fotrtress. The 9th Air Force, announced as being based in Britain only a few weeks before, now becomes the in vasion battle force, it has been made known. Its pilots and planes will go ahead of the troopsr bombing and strafing enemy installations in a manner far beyond anything the German blitz of 1940 knew. More pilots from the Washington area are flying last fighter planes over enemy territory nowadays and are knocking down their share of Germans or destroying German planes on the ground. Gets Two Jerries. One of the newest conquerors of Germans in the air, moving up the ladder toward the rating of ace • bestowed with five aerial victories* is First Lt. Don ald M. Martyn. 1737 Kilbourne place N.W. Fly ing his P-51, or Mustang. Lt. Martyn has de stroyed two Jer ries. Other fighter pilots from the Washingtonarea are: First Lt. Charles W. Kip fer, 4817 Thirty s i x't h street N.W.. piloting a Thunderbolt Martyn. P-47, with no enemy planes de stroyed; First Lt. Carl W. Mueller, 701 Dahlia street N.W., also a Thunderbolt pilot, with none de stroyed, and from surround ing territory the following; Capt,. John B. Rose, jr., Warrenton, Va., Thunder bolt pilot, none destroyed; First Lt,. Walter V. Gresham, jr., 518 Cra w ford place, Ports mouth,* Va., Mustang pilot, with seven ene my planes de stroyed, and Lt- MuelJ*r Firt Lt. Thomas F. Neal, jr.. Chat ham, Va., Mustang pilot, with six enemy planes destroyed. At the top of the Fighter Com mand of the 9th Air Force is Brig. Gen. Elwood Quesada. former Washingtonian and well known in the Capital for his flying exploits. Gen. Quesada for three years held the Army record for the greatest number of flying hours. He explains that the 9th Air Force Fighter Com mand will work in closest co-opera tion with ground troops of tlje in vasion forces and the high com Inlands, both ground and air. will : provide troops wit ha long-range ar tillery arm. as well as a protective : fighter screen. Threefold .lob. The job of the 9th Fighter Com mand will be threefold. First, it will take the offensive ahead of moving ground troops, dive-bombing enemy troop concentrations, gun positions, supply depots, communication lines, fuel stores and ammunition dumps of all kinds. Second, it will provide .aerial cover against enemy air forces attempting to bomb or strafe our men and positions. Third, it will provide photos of terrain and enemy positions. i Up to now' the 9th has been oper ating as a long-range fighter com mand providing cover for the bomb ers. pounding away at enemy in stallations both in nearby France and far into Germany. The fighters and bombers have been concentrat ing recently on German rail lines, while high-altitude reconnaissance work has been done by speedy P-38s, with the P-47s and P-51s penetrat ing deep into enemy territory searching out the elusive Luftwaffe. Lt. Martyn. 24, son of Mrs. Doro thy Parker of the same address, at tended Central High School and be fore his enlistment in June. 1941, was a Government worker here, ac cording to his stepsister. Miss Peggy Parker. He w'as stationed at Aloe. Tex., before he went overseas in Oc tober, she said. Native of Capital. Lt. Mueller. 24. whose parents, Mr and Mrs. Ludwig Mueller, live at the Dahlia street address, is a native Washingtonian. He attended Roose velt High School and worked at the War Department prior to his enlist ment two years ago. ' He wears the Air Medal with three Oak Leaf Clusters and the Distin ; guished Flying Cross. He received his commission at Napier Field. Ala., a year ago and has been overseas since August. A brother, Second Lt. Rudy W. Mueller, formerly a pilot instructor, is stationed in Merced. Calif. He pilots a P-38. Wears Air Medal. Lt. Charles W. Kipfer, 25, son of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Kipfer of the same address, was a student at the University of Washington, Seattle, before he enlisted in the air forces tw'o years ago Formerly of Peoria, 111., he w'as commissioned in Octo ber 1942 at Foster Field, Tex. He has been overseas since May, 1943, and wears the Air Medal with three Oak Leaf Clusters and the Distin guished Flying Cross. Lt. Kipfer s wife. Mrs. Lynn Kipfer. and their infant daughter. Judy, live infRich mond. Lt. Kipfer and Lt. Mueller, accord ing to an Associated Press dispatch in The Star March 15. were two of 44 pilots commended for gallantry and skill March 14, when the Thun derbolt pilots disregarded their dwindling fuel supply and returned to help Liberators fight off an en emy attack after a raid on Lud wigshafen. Increase in Juvenile Arrests Due To Population Rise, Survey Finds Downward Crime Trend of Past Three Years Found Reversed in Last Six Months of 1943 An upsurge of juvenile delinquen cy arrests in the District occurred in the six months ended last De cember 31. which offset a downward trend seen in the three preceding fiscal years, according to statistical findings prepared under the direc tion of the Commissioners. Based on Police Department and Juvenile Court records, and filed late yesterday with the House Dis trict Appropriations Subcommittee by Budget Officer Walter L. Fowler, the report showed there was an 8.8 per cent increase in total arrests of juveniles for felonies and misde meanors over the average for half year periods in the 1941, 1942 and 1943 fiscal years. 799 Felony Arrests. Contending that the increase was due principally to a large increase in arrests for traffic violations and disorderly conduct, the data re vealed there were 799 felony arrests, or 2.4 per cent above the average for the six-month periods of the three preceding fiscal years, but 5.6 per cent below the total for the first six months of the 1941 "peak'’ fiscal year. There were 1.483 misdemeanor ar rests, or 12.6 per cent above the average for the 1941-1943 average for the half years, and 9.1 per cent above the 1941 fiscal half year. The influence of Washington’s tremendous population increase on the rise in juvenile delinquency cases was outlined in a first-section of the survey, which gave compara tive figures for the fiscal year 1939 through 1943, which ended last June 30. Population Comparison. Estimating the civilian population ot the District increased from 657, 940 in 1939 to 833,720 March 1. 1943, or by 26.7 per cent, the Commis sioners’ study, which was prepared for them by J. M. Nicholson, special investigator, said: Arrests of persons of all ages for felonies and misdemeanors in creased from 55,055 during 1939 to 78.365 during 194^ an increase of 42 3 per rent, compared with an increase of 26.7 per cent in popu lation during that period. "The increase in arrests of per sons under 18 years of age for these offenses increased only 31 per cent during the same period." The report also brought out that, while the colored population was estimated for 1943 to be 28.5 per cent of the total and the white 71.5 per cent, 66 2 per cent of the felon ies were charged against colored persons and 33.8 per cent against white persons. As to misdemeanor gases. 51 per cent of the persons arrested were white and 49 per cent colored. War Not Responsible. The first survey document con cluded with the declaration: "The war is not responsible for child delinquency because the great est number of arrests of persons under 18 years of age occurred dur Save This Newspaper Many paper mills are shut ting down for lack of waste paper to convert into cartons for Army and Navy supplies shipped overseas. Every pound of old newspapers and maga zines is needed. Telephone your nearest school or notify some school child in your block to have your paper picked up. ing the fiscal year ended June 30. 1941. which ended nearly six months before war was declared. "Persons under 18 years of age arrested for felonies during the fiscalj year 1943 numbered 14 per cent less! than for the year 1941. Arrests of: white persons for felonies during the same year decreased 35.3 per cent, while the number of colored persons arrested for the same offenses in creased 6 per cent. During 1942 there were 4.7 per cent fewer persons under 18 arrested for felonies than during 1941. "Likewise.” persons under 18 ar rested for misdemeanors decreased from 2,718 in 1941 to 2,578 in 1943. a decrease of 5.2 per cent. This was a decrease of 1.2 per cent for white persons and a decrease of 7.2 per cent for colored persons.” Police Force Additions. The report also brought out that i the police force was gradually in creased to the extent it was 17.8 per cent greater in 1943 than in 1939, j thereby suggesting one reason for an increase in the numbers of arrests. The supplementary report, dealing with the six months ended last December 31. and comparable six month periods in the preceding j three fiscal years, stated: "While the /total arrests for felo nies and misdemeanors increased 8 8 per cent over the average six-month period from July 1, 1940, to June 30, 1943. the increase over the half year 1941 was only 3.6 per cent. Felonies! increased 2.4 per cent over the | average six-month period 1940-1943.! but during the six months ended! December 31. 1943, were 5.6 per cent ! less than the corresponding period of 1941.” Misdemeanors during the past six months were 12.6 per cent higher than for the 1940-1943 six-month average and 9.1 per cent above the 1941 July-December period. The report said these icreases were due principally to more arrests for traf- i fic violations and disorderly conduct. Hearing on Bergdoll Tract Rezoning Petition Delayed Hearing on a petition to rezone the Bergdoll tract in Somerset has been postponed until 2 p m. Septem ber 25 after a conference between members of the Montgomery County Board of Commissioners, James W. Gill, attorney for the petitioners, and William Stohlman, attorney for the town of Somerset at the Bethesda County Building yesterday. Hope was expressed at the con ference that the master plan for land use, now under preparation by the Maryland Park and Planning Commission, would be nearing com pletion by that time and that resi dents of the area interested in the rezoning would have returned from their summer vacations The petition requested that the property be rezoned to permit the iconstruction of apartment houses. St. John's 100 Books To Bolster Encyclopedia ! B> the Associated Press. ANNAPOLIS. Md„ May 9 —St. John's Colleges 100 books, basis of the entire college curriculum, will be published in approximately 75 volumes as an adjunct to the En cyclopedia Britannica, Dean Scottt Buchanan reports. ► I % ► WASHINGTON NEWS WASHINGTON, D. C. • SOCIETY AND GENERAL NEWS TUESDAY, MAY 9, 1944. 4 B Welfare Board Sees Gag Rule By City Heads House Group Told Commissioners Bar Some Funds Appeals By DON s. WARREN. Members of the Board of Public [Welfare today waged a battle to maintain their powers over the Dis trict's welfare institutions and services, in a joint session with the House District Appropriations Sub committee and „< the Commissioners, suggesting pointedly that some of the difficulties have been caused by deep cuts in appropriation requests. Edgar Morris, newly appointed chairman of the Welfare Board and a member of the body for seven years, stressed that the original welfare estimates have been trimmed by roughly $1,000,000 a year for the past four years. When questions were raised in the round-table conference as to whether the Commissioners or the Federal Budget Bureau or Congress had made the cuts. Mr. Morris said an executive order of the Commis sioners prevented board members or subordinate officials from continu ing to press for requested appro priations. Order Called “Gag Rule.” This had reference to the order, sometimes labeled a "gag rule.” that subordinate officers or employes may not carry requests for funds to Congress without first having ap plied for and obtained the permis sion of the Commissioners. Commissioners Young and Mason promptly protested the Welfare Board members need not stop with mere submission of requests to the Commissioners. Representative Coffee, Democrat, of Washington, chairman of the subcommittee, interjected that the ruling was a “common practice in the Government” and Mr. Young added that it was necessary and in tended only to prevent an individual from "lobbying-’ for proposals on Capitol Hill contrary to the Gov ernment program. "Does that order preclude you board members from coming before members of Congress to discuss your needs?” asked Representative Stef an. ranking minority member of the subcommittee. Interpretation Is Questioned. "That's my understanding,” Mr. Morris replied. “When we have sub mitted our requests and they are turned down, then we stop there.” Commissioner Mason declared members of the Welfare Board were called to testify before the Commis sioners and that it was "up to Con gress” to determine from congres sional hearings whether any cuts made in welfare requests were proper or wrong. After reading theorder, Mr. Stefan declared: “That is not stopping you —it merely means you have to apply to the Commissioners for permis sion.” He indicated he believed the Commissioners would not have tried to block their appearance. Mr. Morris, who was accompanied by other members of the Welfare Board, during a lengthy colloquy with Mr. Cofree and Mr. Stefan, said, “I will admit the Welfare Board probably has not been on the job as much as it should have been. To this he added a protest that the Commissioners had not given the board reasons for cuts made in the original welfare fund requests. Calls Criticism “Unjust.” Mr. Stefan, saying he had known Mr. Morris for many years and had a very high opinion- of him. nevertheless criticized him and other Welfare Board members for not hav ing made frequent visits to welfare institutions under their control. Mr. Morris replied that such criticism was “unjust” and that board mem bers had made many visits and scheduled at least one visit a month to some institution. He added that sometimes the institution's superin tendent was not there at the time and that he had not thought it necessary to call the official's atten tion to the visit. "If I am wrong, I will apologize,” said Mr. Stefan. Mr. Morris and Mrs. John J. Hasley voiced vigorous protests against suggestions that one answer to the problem might be to put Welfare Board members on a salary basis. "That is the wrong keynote,” said Mrs. Hasley. Wouldn't Accept Pay. Mr. Morris declared "If any one suggests that I should be paid for what I may be able to do in helping the unfortunate and poor people, then I am through Mr. Mason promptly will have my resignation.” Coast Guard Reserve Seeks Part-Time Recruits The Coast Guard Reserve issued a call today for 50 part-time spe cialists—truck drivers, carpenters, messengers and watchmen, to re place 50 regulars being sent to sea from the Potomac River Base. Women may apply, Lt. Edmund J. Flynn, commanding the Washing ton battalion of the Volunteer Port Security Force, declared He said the specialists would be issued reg ular uniforms but would not be re quired to attend indoctrination classes or take military drill. Each specialist will be asked to give a toilr of daytime duty a week, during which he will be served meals. Boiler and gate watchmen, how ever, will be on one 24-hour duty a week. Applications should be made at, the Coast Guard base, 550 Maine avenue S.W. Funeral of Dr. Earnest To Be Held Tomorrow Funeral services for Dr. John Paul Earnest, jr„ 45. prominent internist and member of the visiting staff of Emergency and Doctors Hospitals, who died yesterday at Emergency will be held at 11 a m. tomorrow at St. Margaret's Church, Connecticut avenue and Bancroft place N.W. Burial will follow' in Arlington Cem etery. Dr. Eafnest, a native of Wash ington. had practiced medicine here during his entire career and made his home at, 1701 Twenty-first street N.W. t INTERIOR DEPARTMENT BUILDING EXPLOSION—Captains of the Guard R. C. Smith deft> and S. B. Simmons look at the wall in the photographic storeroom, which was blown out by an explosion today. Exterior view showing windows blown out by blast. Thirty windows were smashed in the storeroom and adjacent rooms. Automobiles parked in the courtyard below were showered with glass. (Story on Page A-l.) —Star Staff Photos. Mason Outlines Plan For Nurses' Home at Budget Hearing $20,000 Appropriation Urged for Repairs To Present Building Commissioner Guy Mason today advised the House District Appro priations Subcommittee or plans for construction of a 100-bed addition to the nurses’ home at Gallinger Hospital to care for a contemplated expansion of its staff. There is reason to believe, he said, that financing for the project would come from Lanham Act funds. Dis cussion with Federal Works Agency officials, he said, indicate there are “good possibilities'’ as to approval of the additional wing, but not for needed renovation of the present nurses’ building. For the latter he submitted a proposal that $20,000 be appropriated to cover repairs and painting. Dr Daniel L. Seckinger, deputy health officer and acting superin tendent of Gallinger, had advised the Commissioners it would be nec essary fpr Gallinger to join in the program to recruit and train cadet nurses in order to supply Its own needs in this period of shortage when military demands for rnfrses are so great. This program, he said, created the need for a new 100-bed wing for the nurses' home. Nurses in the cadet training program are being quartered in nurses’ homes in various hospitals. Villa Rosa Purchase Urged. Purchase by the District of the $100,000 Villa Rosa mansion on Massachusetts avenue N.W so as to preserve the Childrens Museum it houses was urged yesterday as the subcommittee devoted a full day to hearing a wide variety of civic pro posals. The museum delegation was headed by Miss Matilda Young, its direc tor, and included Laurence Vail Coleman, director of the American Association of Museums; Dr. John Aldrich, ornithologist at the Smith sonian Institution, and Dr. Donald McHenry, president of the Audubon Society and a number of the teach ers and youthful members of the museum classes. Plans Consultation. Chairman Coffee said he would consult with Chairman Randolph of the House District Committee since legislation would be needed il the property were to be acquired by the District. When Mr, Coffee asked why the museum should not be made a part of the school system, instead of being privately operated, Mr. Cole man declared the museum plan is different from the school program. In answer to a question implying the museum was “isolated” in one section of the District, he replied that similar museums later might be established in other areas. Mrs. Slocum Kingsbury sought approval of an appropriation of $61,779 for the employment of 50 house peeping aides by the District next year to assist indigent persons whose families might otherwise need more expensive public care. This project also was supported by Mrs. Thomas Norton of the staff of the Council of Social Agencies. Cites Kepec Report. Mrs. Louis Ottenberg, speaking for the League of Women Voters, pro tested thjjt but few of the many recommendations for expansion and improvement of the District child care program, as outlined in the report by Jacob Kepec. Chicago consultant, five years ago, had been adopted. Asserting that consider able increases in the number of case workers were needed, among other changes, she suggested that one reason the report was “snowed under’’ was the many changes in recent years in Commissioners, Wel fare Board members and welfare director post. She said she favored changing the Welfare Board into an advisory agency because she felt the board “cannot very well" represent the citizens when it is responsible for management of the welfare pro gram. Mrs. Paul Appleby for the League of Women Voters urged that the psychiatric clinic of the Juvenile Court be continued as a separate unit. Fraternity Plans Meeting The quaiterly interprofessional lecture of Pi Chapter of Alpha Zeta Omega, pharmaceutical fraternity, and the Azoans, women's organiza tion, will be held in conjunction with a card party, super and dance at a meeting at 8 pin. Thursday at the Eastern Star Temple Property, 2600 Sixteenth street N.W, War Neurotics Can Make Good In Battle and Civilian Life Army Expert Explains Many Nervous Casualties Are Staging Comebacks A jittery crooner from a dance hall orchestra, a psychoneurotic when he entered the air forces, swam to a small island occupied by 15 Japs and in two days of hide-and seek killed them all with his bowie knife. An Army sergeant on Guadalcanal became a psychoneurotic when he held a machine gun post for 16 hours while his company reassem bled and while his three Chicago schoolmates with him were killed. He has returned to combat. These stories were told today in a press conference called by Army Surg. Gen. Norman T. Kirk in the Pentagon. Realizing that the public is becoming alarmed at the number of training and battle casualties classified as psychoneurotics, the surgeon general asked Col. William C. Meninger, chief of neuropsychi atric division, to tell what the term means. Many Stage Comeback. Psychoneurotic casualties are coming back and making good in combat. Col. Meninger said, and, he ventured, most of those discharged will do well in civilian life. He said that 40 per cent so classified were salvaged for further combat duty in front-line stations and another 40 per cent salvaged in ( evacuation hospitals, but frequently for other duties than combat. In answering questions after his talk, Col. Meninger remarked that “every genius is conspicuous be cause of his psycho-neurotic ten dencies.” ' "Would that apply to Gen. Pat ton?” a reporter asked. “That's an idea.” said Col. Men inger when the laughter had sub sided. The colonel was asked if the na ture of this war made more psycho neurotics. “Yes,” he said, “motivation is one reason. We had a lot of enthusiasm on the part of the public for the last war which we don't have in this war. for various reasons.” War’s Mobility Is Factor. He added that in this mobile war men scamper from foxhole to fox hole under aerial as well as artillery bombardment, instead of standing in trenches, and that extremes of climate, jungles and isolation in South Pacific islands were factors which did not enter the last war. Reporters asked him to tell the full stories of the crooner and the sergeant. They were: The crooner was a youth whose mother w'as a psychoneurotic. De spite his nervous condition, he got into the air forces as a gunner on a bomber. He was in 14 eras* landings and the 14th was a water landing. He wras the only member of the crew to live. He swam to ^ small island, and his only weapon was his bowue knife. When brought back from the island on which he was found with the bodies of 15 Japanese soldiers he was in pretty bad shape as a psychoneurotic case, the colonel said. He did not yet know whether the youth had recovered sufficiently to fly again, the colonel said, be cause he himself had returned to the States shortly after the boy was brought into a South Pacific hos pital. Sergeant Held Off Japs. The sergeant, was one of four youths from a Chicago high school who stuck together in the service. When things were going bad on a skirmish on Guadalcanal, volunteers were called for to hold the *Japs back while the company reformed. The sergeant held out for 16 hours, firing his machine gun beside the bodies of his dead schoolmates. Finally an explosion knocked him unconscious just before reinforce ments reached the spot he was holding. Col. Meninger described the men tal treatment, given the sergeant in the States as mostly a program of education. "When he got to Chicago, he called upon the parents of his three dead schoolmates and that upset the apple cart of recovery for the next three weeks," Col. Meninger said, "but he's back in the South Pacific now.” Many in Civilian I.ife. As for what psychoneurosis means, he said civilian life is crowd ed with phychoneutrotics who do not come to the attention of phy sicians because they manage to get along despite their condition. He said the mother who is too deeply concerned about her children and incapable of an instant's relaxation, the father worried over finances and suffering strange body sensations, the child afraid of the dark who has • tantrums—are all psychoneurotics, he said. In the Army, he added, persons with such emotional disturbances frequently can’t do their jobs and come to the attention of the phy sicians. But there is no reason, he added, why most of those discharged can not make good in civilian jobs. Cleveland Man Heads Investigators After Civil Service Shifts Sweeping changes were announced today by the Civil Service Commis sion in the handling of loyalty cases. The changes include establishment of a. Loyalty Rating Board to make i initial decisions in loyalty cases, ap pointment of two new members to ; the Board of Appeals and Review and the selection of Fordyce W. i Luikart, at present in charge of the jcommission office in Cleveland, as ichief of the investigations division. Lawrence V. Meloy, a World War veteran with the commission since 1040. has been appointed chairman of the newly established Loyalty Rating Board. Handled Hatch Cases. He recently has handled Hatch Act cases before the trial examiner. He will be assisted by Miss Kath erine A. Frederic, staff representa ! tive of the examining and personnel utilization division of the commis |sion. and Robert J. Fenn, assistant field supervisor in the investigations division. In the absence of Mr. Meloy, Farrar Smith, assistant to the executive director of the com mission. will serve as alternate chairman. Procedure under the new set up calls for the direct forwarding to the Loyalty Rating Board of derog atory information developed during the investigation of an applicant. A detailed summary in writing is then sent to the person being in vestigated, who is given a reasanable time to file a written answer. The applicant also may appear, with or without counsel, before the board and ask persons to testify in his behalf. An adverse ruling will leave the applicant with the privilege of appealing to the commission's Board of Appeals and Review. Yaden, Steely Named. The new members of the Board of Appeals and Review are James G Yaden. associate chief of the in vestigations division, and Newton Steely, assistant chief of the investi gations division. The board now has four, instead of three, members, though only three will sit on any one case. Members will serve on a ro tating basis, fleeing one member to prepare recommendations to the commission after appeals are heard. William H. McMillen, present chief of the investigations division, has been placed in charge of inspection and training activities of the in vestigations division. Red Cross Seeks to Hire Stenographers, Typists Threatened with possible curtail ment of war work because of a shortage of paid personnel, the American Red Cross issued an ur gent appeal last night for stenog raphers and typists. The appeal was directed particularly to unem ployed married women. The Red Cross Home Service, which maintains a two-way com munication system for servicemen and their families, needs 35 stenog raphers and typists. The Supply Service also needs typists, stenogra phers and a receiving clerk and a packer. Women interested. preferably those with a business background, are asked to get in touch with Miss Dorothy Yoder, Red Cross National Headquarters. Eighteenth street N.W., between D and E streets, on week days between 8:30 a.m, and 5 pm., and on Saturdays between 8:30 a m. and 1 pm. Citizens' Unit to Hear Capper Tomorrow Senator Capper, Republican, of Kansas will speak on District prob lems at 8 p.m. tomorrow on the 36th anniversary of the founding of the Rhode Island Avenue Citizens' As sociation, The meeting will be in the Woodridge Branch Library, 2206 Rhode Island avenue N.E.. Charles F. Green, president, announced to day. » Housing Conference Here Praised by Burton and Wagner City-Wide Parley Sponsored by 28 Groups To Be Held Saturday Senators Burton. Republican, of Ohio, and Wagner, Democrat, of New York today indorsed the City Wide Housing Conference on slum clearance sponsored by 28 civic and professional groups, to be held Sat urday at the Chamber of Commerce of the United States. The conference will consist of two sessions, opening at 10 a m. with presentation of the District's hous ing problems by many speakers. They will discuss the needs of this city and the means for meeting them both through private and pub lic agencies. In the afternoon session the con ference will take up housing as a national problem. A co-ordinating committee will report at the con clusion of the session on findings. Senator Burton, chairman of the subcommittee of the Senate District Committee holding hearings on housing, approved the conference in a note to Mrs. Elizabeth Delman, co-chairman of the co-ordinating committee for the conference. "In spite of many splendid ex amples of city planning and archi tectural excellence in Washington,” he wrote, “there are equally bad ex amples of long-standing neglect, of substandard living conditions, es pecially for the colored population, in and near the alleys of Washing ton. “I hope that your conference will increase the popular and official ap preciation of the urgent need for ef fective support of practical means for meeting these distressing human nepds in a city of extraordinary es thetic beauty.” Senator Wagner, under whose aus pices three Federal housing acts were introduced, declared: "I am deeply interested in seeing repre sentative groups of citizens inform themselves on the problems of hous ing in their locality so that they can make a significant contribution to the enactment of legislation in this field.” Prominent Neurologist Held for Observation Dr. Walter Max Kraus. 54, prom inent neurologist, formerly of New York, who had been residing here at the Gordon Hotel, has been placed in Gallinger Hospital for mental observation on a recom mendation by the Secret Service. No official charges have been placed against him. It was said he had approached several public officials with a. panacea for world ills. Dr. Kraus served as a captain in the Army Medical Corps during the World War, and had been a major in the Reserve Corps from 1925 to 1936. He taught at Columbia Uni versity. and later was associate neuologist at Cornell University from 1926 to 1932. He is a charter mefti ber of the Military Order of the World War, and belonged to many organizations, including the Jewish War Veterans, several historical so cieties and American and foreign medical societies. Riding Horses Held at Pound After Rampage Three horses that broke out of the Sligo Riding School at Riggs road and East West highway, Ta koma Park < Md >, yesterday will be returned to their stalls today after spending a night in the dog pound. Takoma park police first heard of the small stampede when calls began coming in from franctic Vic tory gardeners that horses were ruining their vegetable patches. After a chase of approximately 2 miles, one of the horses was lassoed by Police Lt. Earl Thomas with the help of Policeman Ira Hover, and the other two horses were rounded up by Maj. William F. Fischer, su perintendent of streets, and his crew. Police said the horses were herded into the dog pound and a search for their owner was begun. They said the manager of the riding school was located last night and promised to send for the horses today. An impounding fee of $2 will be charged for each horse, police said. I plus cost of feed and any damage i they may have caused. I r NCHA Plans To Shift Suitland Houses toD.C. Sites Sought for 150 Portable Units to Shelter Negroes With public housing units for white families going begging and dwellings for Negroes at a premium the National Capital Housing Au thority is considering a plan for moving 150 units from the Carry Houses, white settlement at Suitland. Md.. to a site within the District to help alleviate the acute Negro housing problem. John Ihlder. ex ecutive officer of the NCHA said to day. The undertaking is the joint re sponsibility of the National Housing Authority and the local agency, but a spokesman for the former said action depended on Mr. Ihlder’s suc cess in locating a place for the units. Two sites are being considered but the one chosen will not be an nounced until plans definitely are completed. 165 Vacancies in Unit. The units from Carry Houses, where there are 165 vacandes, would be dismantled and trans ported to the District by truck. A total of«315 units were constructed at the Suitland site for an expected influx of workers who were to be employed in a Government*agency there. But there was a shift in plans, Mr. Ihlder said, and the Censu* Bureau was located there instead, leaving the Carry develop ment sparsely populated. A total of 888 white public housing units still remain to be rented. Mr. Ihlder said, but he added that these are being disposed of at the rate of about 100 per month. Of a total of 495 built in the Lily Pons set tlement at Kenilworth 398 are still to be rented, while 325 of 500 units constructed at Calvert Houses, near College Park, Md., are tenantless. Regulations governing rental of dwellings at Carry Houses, Lily Pons and Calvert Houses have been re laxed to make them available to war workers already living in this area, servicemen's families and vet erans returned from war fronts. Heretofore only in-migrate war workers have been eligible to live in them. Need for Colored Housing. All of the dwellings constructed for colored occupancy have been filled and there is a crying need for more. Mr. Ihlder said the NCHA was obliged to permit as many as eight »nd nine persons to occupy a four-bedroom unit and that in oth ers living rooms were being pressed into service for bedrooms. Some 3.000 new units, approxi mately 2,000 of White will be built by private interests—some in near by Virginia—have been programmed by the NHA for this year, but will not be ready until December or January, Mr. Ihlder said. What to be done in the meanwhile is a prob lem of first magnitude. All priori ties for housing since last August have been allocated to Negro devel opments. Mr. Ihlder said that a private builder's project for colored at Ala bama avenue and Stanton road S.E., where 300 units are contemplated, might be begurT this year, and that the NCHA probably would go ahead with plans for 470 additional units at Fiftieth street, beginning at Divi sion street N.E. Antique Chinese Costumes Worn by Students in Play Ten Hine Junior High School stu dents wore Chinese gowns more than 100 years old today as they presented a Chinese play, “The Thrice Promised Bride,” for their schoolmates. The costumes are antiques owned by the teacher directing the play, Mrs. Adelaide Truesdell, 701 Shep herd street N.W. Born in China, the daughter of Congregational missionaries, Mrs. Truesdell collected the costumes when she returned to China several years ago to teach for three years. She has been teaching English at Hine for two years. The leading roles in the production were played by Jane Kovalcik, 14, 513 B street S.E.; Charles Edwin Shoup, 14. 568 Second stret S.E., and Donald Youmans, 14, 326 Eighth street S.E. Life Saving Course to Begin A senior life-saving course, spon sored by the Water Safety Service of the District Chapter of the Amer ican Red Cross, will begin at 6 p.m. tomorrow at the Ambassador Hotel swimming pool, it was announced yesterday. Free instructions will be given from 6 to 8 p.m. on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays. Daily Rationing Reminders^ Canned Foods. Etc.—Book No. 4, blue stamps A-8 through Q-8 good indefinitely. Each stamp worth 10 points. Meats, Fats, Etc.—All meats except beef steaks and roast beef now point - free. Red stamps A-8 through T-8 continue good indefi nitely for 10 points each. Until further notice, three red stamps will be validated every four weeks instead of every two weeks. Points for Fats—Your meat dealer will pay two ration points for each pound of waste kitchen fats you turn in. The fact that lard, short ening and cooking oils have been removed from the ration list does not mean fat collection is less essential. Shoes—Airplane stamps 1 and 2 in Book No. 3 good indefinitely for one pair of shoes each. Sugar—Book No. 4 stamps 30 and 31 valid for 5 pounds indefinitely. Book No. 4, stamp 40 good for 5 ' pounds for home canning through February 28, 1945. Gasoline—No. 10-A coupons now good for 3 gallons each through August 8 B-2, C-2, B-3 and C-3 coupons good for 5 gallons each. Fuel Oil—Periods No. 4 and 5 cou pons good for 10 gallons per unit through August 31. Consum ers in this area should not have used more than 97 per cent of their total yearly fuel oil ration rs of May 1.