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Over There With Men From Here
IMPORTANT ROLE PLAYED BY D. C. PILOTS IN EUROPE By WALTER MeCALUM. gin Staff War Correspondent. A UNITED STATES FIGHTER BASE IN ENGLAND —Fighter air craft pilots from the Washington area are playing an increasingly im portant part in the preinvasion air battle of Europe as mighty air fleets of a size never dreamed of batter and tear at the European fotrtress. The 8th Air Force, announced as being based in Britain only a few weeks before, now becomes the in vasion battle force, it has been made known. Its pilots and planes will go ahead of the troops, bombing and strafing enemy installations in a manner far beyond anything the German blitz of 1940 knew. More pilots from the Washington area are flying last fighter planes over enemy territory nowadays and are knocking down their share of Germans or destroying German planes on the ground. Gets Two Jerries. One of the newest conquerers of Germans in the air, moving up the ladder toward the rating of ace (bestowed with five aerial victories* Is First Lt. Don ald M. Martyn. 1737 Kilbourne place N.W. Fly ing his P-51, or Must ang, Lt. Martyn has de stroyed two Jer ries. Other fighter pilots from the Washingtonarea are: First Lt. Charles W. Klp fer. 4817 Thirty - slxth street N.W.. piloting a Thunderbolt u. M»rtyn. P-47, with no enemy planes de stroyed: First Lt. Carl W. Mueller, 701 " Dahlia street N.W., also a Thunderbolt pilot, with none de stroyed, and from surround ing territory the following: Capt. John B. Rose, jr., Warrenton, Va.. Thunder bolt pilot, none destroyed: First Lt. Walter V. Gres ham, jr., 518 Craw ford place, Ports mouth, Va., Mustang pilot, with seven ene my planes de stroyed, and Lt- Mu*n*r Firt Lt. Thomas F. Neal, jr., Chat ham, Va.. Mustang pilot, with six enemy planes destroyed. At the top of the Fighter Com mand of the 9th Air Force is Brig. Gen. Elwood Quesada. former Washingtonian and well known in the Capital for his flying exploits. Gen. Quesada for three years held the Army record for the greatest number of flying hours. He explains that the 9th Air Force Fighter Com mand will work in closest co-opera tion with ground troops of the in vasion forces and the high com Imands. both ground and air. will provide troops wit ha long-range ar ; tillery arm. as well as a protective fighter screen. Threefold Job. The job of the 9th Fighter Com mand will be threefold. First, it will take the offensive ahead of moving ground troops, dive-bombing enemy troop concentrations, gun positions, supply depots, communication lines, fuel stores and ammunition dumps of all kinds. Second, it will provide aerial cover against enemy air forces attempting to bomb or strafe our men and positions. Third, it will provide photos of terrain and enemy positions. Up to now the 9th has been oper ating as a long-range fighter com j mand providing cover for the bomb ers, pounding away at enemy in stallations both in nearby France and far into Germany. The fighters and bombers have been concentrat : ing recently on German rail lines, while high-altitude reconnaissance work has been done by speedy P-38s, with the P-47s and P-51s penetrat-^ ing deep into enemy territory’ searching out the elusive Luftwaffe. Lt. Martyn. 24, son of Mrs. Doro thy Parker of the same address, at tended Central High School and be fore his enlistment in June, 1941, was a Government worker here, ac cording to his stepsister. Miss Peggy Parker. He was stationed at Aloe, Tex., before he went overseas in Oc tober, she said. Native of Capital. Lt. Mueller. 24, whose parents, Mr. and Mrs. Ludwig Mueller, live at the Dahlia street address, is a native Washingtonian. He attended Roose velt High School and worked at the War Department prior to his enlist ment two years ago. He wears the Air Medal with three Oak Leaf Clusters and the Distin guished Flying Cross. He received his commission at Napier Field, Ala., a year ago and has been overseas since August. A brother. Second Lt. Rudy W. Mueller, formerly a pilot instructor, is stationed in Merced, Calif. He pilots a P-38. Wears Air Medal. Lt. Charles W. Kipfer. 25, son of Mr. and Mrs. Charles Kipfer of the same address, was a student at the University of Washington, Seattle, before he enlisted in the air forces two years ago Formerly of Peoria, 111., he was commissioned in Octo ber 1942 at Foster Field, Tex. He has been overseas since May, 1943, and wears the Air Medal with three Oak Leaf Clusters and the Distin guished Flying Cross. Lt. Kipfer's wife, Mrs. Lynn Kipfer, and their infant daughter, Judy, live in Rich mond. Lt. Kipfer and Lt. Mueller, accord- ■ ing to an Associated Press dispatch in The Star March 15, were two of 44 pilots commended for gallantry and skill March 14. when the Thun derbolt pilots disregarded their dwindling fuel supply and returned to help Liberators fight off an en emy attack after a raid on Lud wigshafen. 25 County Pupils Demonstrate Occupational T raining Results Retail Selling Methods Highlights Progranr Given by Bladensburg High School Students Twenty-five boys and girls who are obtaining first-hand experience in occupations ranging from retail selling to cinder block manufactur ing, explained their work yesterday to a group of Prince Georges County and Maryland State education of ficials at the Bladensburg High School. Those participating in the pro gram. which w>as high lighted by a demonstration of retail selling methods, were students taking a special diversified occupation course at the school. The course is the first to be taught in any county school in the State and was inau gurated at Bladensburg High last fall. As outlined by the students, the program includes at least 15 hours of work a week at outside jobs as well as three hours a day in school subjects related to their work. 25 Out of 70 Chosen. The course, w'hich is under the di-; rection of Mrs. Frank K. Halley, is j limited to juniors and seniors and! is given only to those who make written applications. The 25 stu dents now taking the course were selected from approximately 70 who applied, Mrs. Halley said. After each day s work, the stu dents fill out a form explaining what they did in their particular occupations and outlining any prob lems which may have arisen. In addition, the persons for whom they work fill out forms on which they rate their employes. Items on these forms include appearance, manner, co-operation, attitude toward customers, knowledge of merchandise, industriousness, punc tuality and attendance. Those who work in occupations such as mechanics, printers, book keepers and display artists are rated on forms containing the following items; Attendance, punctuality, general attitude, quality and quantity of work, appearance, attitude toward criticism, ability to follow instruc tions, skill and resourcefulness. I-inal Grade Given. The final grade given each stu dent represents a combination of the employer rating and the rating given by Mrs. Halley in school work. After witnessing the retail sell ing demonstration Dr. R. F Crom well, supervisor of vocational guid ance of the State Department of Education, and Glen Brown, super visor of industrial education of the department, praised the students for the progress they showed since they first visited the group last fall. Declaring that the course is in tended to have the students "learn by doing,” Dr. Cromwell said plans are under way to extend the pro gram to two other schools in the county as well as to schools in other counties. He explained that Prince Georges County was selected as the "guinea Save This Newspaper Many paper mills are shut ting down for lack of waste paper to convert into cartons for Army and Navy supplies shipped overseas. Every pound of old newspapers and maga zines is needed. Telephone your nearest school or notify some school child in your block to have your paper picked up. < pig” in having the first course be cause it has the largest number of boys and girls who have outside jobs. A course “somewhat” sim ilar to that at Bladensburg High is taught in Montgomery County, he said, but it concerns only retail sell ing. Students Enthusiastic. Mrs. Halley said all the students are enthusiastic over the course and many intend to continue pres ent jobs on a full-time basis after they leave schcfcl. She also praised the employers for :heir “whole hearted” co-operation. The students taking the course are: Joan Bird, Arthur Broy, Wray Buckley, Robert Cannon, Elsie Cross, Marion Dudley, Raymonj Frea mean, Frank Hoffman, Estelle Ken nedy, Adrienne King, Fred Maier, Russell Montfort, Francis Newkirk, Paul OBrien, Robert OBrien, James Phelps, Albert Pullman, Gloria Robinson. Louise Robinson, Mary Rush, William Scott. Ted Sherrod, Robert Srnka, Charles Weekley and Josephine White. Show Cause Order Issued In Newspaper Wage Case By the Associated Press. NORFOLK. Va.. May 9.—An order to show cause why certain records of the Daily Press, Inc., Newport News, should not be made available to the wage and hour division of the Labor Department was signed yesterday by Judge Sterling Hutche son of the Federal District Court on the petition of counsel for L. Metcalfe Walling, wage and hour administrator. The order was made returnable in the Federal District Court here May 25. On three separate occa sioas, it was stated, officials of the newspaper company refused to al low representatives of the agency to have access to the records in their investigation of complaints that pro visions of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 have been violated. Furthermore, the petition stated, the firm refused to comply with a subpoena issued by the agency to [produce the records before a Labor Department representative. Officials of the company, which publishes the Daily press, the Times Herald and the Chesapeake Bay Defender, were quoted in affidavits filed with the petition as stating that ‘'its business Is not subject to [ the provisions of the act.” Knights Templar to Hold Conclave at Culpeper j by ihe Associated Press. [ CULPEPER, Va., May 9.—'The jl22d annual grand conclave of the [ Grand Commandery of Virginia will ! hold a two-day meeting here Thurs [ day and Friday. Culpeper is the home* town of Dr. Them as W. Hoop er, who Is grand commander of Knights Templar of Virginia. E. J. Nottingham, jr., commander of Fairfax Commandery, No. 25, heads the Entertainment Commit tee. Miss Bessie Hooper is general chairman of the Ladies’ Committee, i Mrs. T. I. Martin is co-chairman. Thursday afternoon divine serv ices will be held in the Presbyterian Church, with a sermon by the Right Rev. Frederick D. Goodwin, bishop j coadjutor of the Episcopal diocese of Virginia. WASHINGTON, D. C. W Suiting J&kf SOCIETY AND GENERAL NEWS TUESDAY, MAY 9, 1944. 'jh .' - NCHA Plans to Move 150 Suitland Housing Units to District Sites Within City Sought In Attempt to Provide Homes for Negroes With public housing units for i white families going begging and ! dwellings for Negroes at a premium the National Capital Housing Au thority is considering a plan for moving 150 units from the Carry Houses, white settlement at Suitland, Md„ to a site within the District to help alleviate the acute Negro problem, John Ihlder. executive of ficer of the NCHA said today. The undertaking is the joint re sponsibility of the National Housing Authority and the local agency, but a spokesman for the former said action depended on Mr. Ihlder’s suc cess in locating a place for the units. Two sites are being considered but the one chosen will not be an nounced until plans definitely are completed. 165 Vacancies in Unit. The units from Carry Houses, where there are 165 vacancies, would be dismantled and trans ported to the District by truck. A total of 315 units were constructed at the Suitland site for an expected influx of workers who were to be employed in a Government agency there. But there was a shift in plans, Mr. Ihlder said, and the Census Bureau was located there instead, leaving the Carry develop ment sparsely populated. A total of 888 white public housing units still remain to be rented, Mr. Ihlder said, but he added that these are being disposed of at the rate of about 100 per month. Of a total of 495 built in the Lily Pons set tlement at Kenilworth 398 are still to be rented, while 325 of 500 units constructed at Calvert Houses, near College Park, Md., are tenantless. Regulations governing rental of dwellings at Carry Houses, Lily Pons and Calvert Houses have been re laxed to make them available to war workers already living in this area, servicemen's families and vet erans returned from war fronts. Heretofore only in-migrate war workers have been eligible to live in them. Need for Colored Housing. All of the dwellings constructed for colored occupancy have been filled and there is a crying need for more. Mr. Ihlder said the NCHA was obliged to permit as many as eight and nine persons to occupy a four-bedroom unit and that in oth ers living rooms were being pressed into service for bedrooms. Some 3,000 new units, approxi mately 2,000 of white will be built by private interests—some in near by Virginia—have been programmed by the NHA for this year, but will not be ready until December or January, Mr. Ihlder said. What to be done in the meanwhile is a prob lem of first magnitude. All priori ties for housing since last August have been allocated to Negro devel opments. Mr. Ihlder said that a private builder's project for colored at Ala bama avenue and Stanton road S.E., where 300 unjts are contemplated, might be begun this year, and that the NCHA probably would go ahead with plans for 470 additional units at Fiftieth street, beginning at Divi sion street N.E. Hearing on Dewar Writ Up May 16 A hearing on a habeas corpus pe tition in the case of Frank Dewar, 35. Navy musician, first class, who was convicted on a bigamy charge in August in Alexandria Corpora tion Court, was set for May 16 by Judge William P. Woolls yesterday after the petitioner’s attorney re quested a continuance in order to prepare his case. Dewar w'as convicted after Capt. Joseph Y. Dreisenstock, U. S. N., of 5803 Chevy Chase parkway, com plained that the musician married his daughter Bette before obtain ing a final divorce decree from a former wife. Constance Vallesteros, whom he charged Dewar married in 1942 in Los Angeles. The Navy musician was given a three-year "suspended sentence in October on condition that he would not see his w'ife for two years. The suspended sentence was revoked in December, however, after Dewar broke his agreement, and he was sent to the Richmond Jail to serve his term. State Senator Andrew W. Clarke, appointed by Judge Woolls to repre sent Dewar, stated in the petition that the musician was never in dicted. and that he did not sign a waiver agreeing to defend himself in court against Capt. Dreisenstock’s charges. Two Held in Alexandria After Agents Raid Still Two colored men, Charles Jones. 38, and Luther King, 43, both of Route 1, Alexandria, were held on $1,000 bond each for action of the Federal District Court grand jury on charges of operating an unregistered still and possession of 16 gallons of untaxed whisky following a hear ing yesterday before Stanley King, United States commissioner, in Alexandria. The charges W'ere made by Fed eral alcohol tax unit and State ABC officials following a raid Sunday on the 75-gallon still in a wooded sec tion of Springfield, Va. Tire agents, led my M. K. Brvant, ABC enforcement agent of Alex andria, rounded up the men. Five hundred gallons of mash and 200 pounds of sugar also were found, agents said. The men are slated to appear in District Court on June 5, the open ing of the term. RICHMOND, May 9 (^.—Fifty one moonshine mflls were captured in Virginia in April, as compared with 40 seized in April, 1943, John H. Wickham, Federal Alcohol Tax Unit investigator here, said. Mash confiscated totaled 26,204 gallons and the whisky captured came to 671 gallons. Preschool Clinic Set Preschool physical examinations for children who will enter school in September will be held at the Mount Vernon Elementary School, Alexan dria, at 1:30 p.m. Monday, it was announced today. The clinic will be conducted by Dr. W. A. Browne, city health officer. k Riding Horses Held at Pound After Rampage Three horses that broke out of the Sligo Riding School at Riggs road and East West highway, Ta koma Park (Md.), yesterday will be returned to their stalls today after spending a night in the dog pound. Takoma park police first heard of the small stampede when calls began coming in from franctic Vic tory gardeners that horses were ruining their vegetable patches. After a chase of approximately 2 miles, one of the horses was lassoed by Police Lt. Earl Thomas with the help of Policeman Ira Hover, and the other two horses were rounded up by Maj. William P. Pischer, su perintendent of streets, and his crew. Police said the horses were herded into the dog pound and a search for their owner was begun. They said the manager of the riding school was located last night and promised to send for the horses today. An impounding fee of $2 will be charged for each horse, police said, plus cost of feed and any damage they may have caused. Housing Conference Here Praised by Burton and Wagner City-Wide Parley Sponsored by 28 Groups To Be Held Saturday Senators Burton, Republican, of Ohio, and Wagner, Democrat, of New York today indorsed the City Wide Housing Conference on slum clearance sponsored by 28 civic and professional groups, to be held Sat urday at the Chamber of Commerce of the United States. The conference will consist of two sessions, opening at 10 a.m. with presentation of the District's hous ing problems by many speakers. They will discuss the needs of this city and the means for meeting them both through private and pub lic agencies. In the afternoon session the con ference will take up housing a& a national problem. A co-ordinating committee will report at the con clusion of the session on findings. Senator Burton, chairman of the subcommittee of the Senate District Committee holding hearings on housing, approved the conference in a note to Mrs. Elizabeth Delman, co-chairman of the co-ordinating committee for the conference. "In spite of many splendid ex amples of city planning and archi tectural excellence in Washington,” he wrote, "there are equally bad ex amples of long-standing neglect, of substandard living conditions, es pecially for the colored population, in t$) near the alleys of Washing "I hope that your conference will increase the popular and official ap preciation of the urgent need for ef fective support of practical means for meeting these distressing human needs in a city of extraordinary es thetic beauty.” Sqpator Wagner, under whose aus pices three Federal housing acts were introduced, declared: "I am deeply interested in seeing repre sentative groups of citizens inform themselves on the problems of hous ing in their locality so that they can make a significant contribution to the enactment of legislation in this field.” Linden Citizens Ask Change In Bus Fare Collection By tht Associated Press. BALTIMORE, May 9.—The Linden Civic Association of Silver Spring filed with the Public Service Com mission yesterday a resolution re questing the Capital Transit Co. of Washington to change its system of fare collections on buses going from the District line to Forest Glen and Linden to eliminate “considerable discomfort, congestion and delay.” The resolution, signed by H. L. Buckingham, chairman of the as sociation’s Committee on Transpor tation, said in part: "Be it resolved by the Linden Civic Association, that * * * the Capital Transit Co • * * amend its regu lations to permit the payment of fares by passengers when boarding these buses or in the alternative to pay one zone fare when boarding and one fare when leaving the buses and at all times allow exit from the rear door.” The resolution said that the pres ent system of paying when leaving the buses was inefficient because it required all passengers to leave by the front door. Daily Rationing ^Reminders ftp Canned Foods, Etc.—Book No. 4, blue stamps A-8 through Q-8 good indefinitely. Each stamp worth 10 points. Meats, Fats, Etc.—All meats except beef steaks and roast beef now point - free. Red stamps A-8 through T-8 continue good indefi nitely for 10 points each. Until further notice, three red stamps will be validated every four weeks instead of every two weeks. Points for Fats—Your meat dealer will pay two ration points for eacli pound of waste kitchen fats you turn in. The fact that lard, short ening and cooking oils have been removed from the ration list does not mean fat collection is less essential. Shoes—Airplane stamps 1 and 2 in Book No. 3 good indefinitely for one pair of shoes each. Sagar—Book No. 4 stamps 30 and 31 valid for 5 pounds indefinitely. Book No. 4, stamp 40 good for 5 pounds for home canning through February 28, 1945. Gasoline—No. 10-A coupons now' good for 3 gallons each through August 8 B-2, C-2, B-3 and C-3 coupons good for 5 gallons each. Fuel Oil—Periods No. 4 and 5 cou pons good for 10 gallons per unit through August 31. Consum ers in this area should not have used more than 97 per cent of their total yearly fuel oil ration as of May 1. House District Unit Urged to Advance Villa Rosa Purchase Delegation at Hearing Calls for Steps to Save Children's Museum Purchase by the District of the $100,000 Villa Rosa mansion on Massachusetts avenue N.W so as to preserve the Children s Museum it houses was urged on the House District Appropriations Subcommit tee yesterday as the group devoted a full day to hearing a wide variety of civic proposals. The museum delegate was headed by Miss Matilda Young, its direc tor, and included Laurence Vail Coleman, director of the American Association of Museums; Dr. John Aldrich, ornithologist at the Smith sonian Institution, and Dr. Donald McHenry, president of the Audubon Society and a number of the teach ers and youthful members of the museum classes. Plans Consultation. Chairman Coffee said he would consult with Chairman Randolph of the House District Committee since legislation would be needed if the property were to be acquired by the District. When Mr. Coffee asked why the museum should not be made a part of the- school system, instead of being privately operated, Mr. Cole man declared the museum plan is different from the school program. In answer to a question that the museum was "isolated” in one section of the District, he replied that similar museums later might be established in other areas. Mrs. Slocum Kingsbury sought approval of an appropriation of $61,779 fer the employment of 50 housepeeping aides by the District next year to assist indigent persons whose families might otherwise need more expensive public care. This project also was supported by Mrs. Thomas Norton of the staff of the Council of Social Agencies. Library Plan Outlined. The willingness of Cleveland Park residents to raise 50 per cent of the cost of buying a site for a branch library for the area was outlined by a delegation from the Connecticut Avenue Citizens’ As sociation including Dean William C Ruediger, Julian Bolling. Miss Blanche Weaver. Mrs. W. W. Co blentz and Gerald Grosner. The site, at Macomb and Newark streets and Connecticut avenue, is estimated to cost about $60,000, much more than District officials are willing to pay for the purpose. The group said it already had obtained some $6,000 towards the purchase price. Mrs. Louis Ottenberg, speaking for the League of Women Voters, pro tested that but few of the many recommendations for expansion and improvement of the District child care program, as outlfhed in the report by Jacob Kepec, Chicago consultant, five years ago, had been adopted. Asserting that consider able increases in the number oi case workers were needed, among other changes, she suggested that one reason the report was “snowed under” was the many changes in recent years in Commissioners, Wel fare Board members and welfare director post. She said she favored changing the Welfare Board into an advisory agency because she felt the board “cannot very well” represent the citizens when it is responsible for management of the welfare pro gram. Asks Clinic Be Continued. Mrs. Paul Appleby for the League of Women Voters urged that the psychiatric clinic of the Juvenile Court be continued as a separate unit. . Robert Sherman of the United Federal Workers of America as serted that 60 employes in the dietary department of Gallinger Hospital had been kept 12 or 13 hours a day at the hospital because of assignment to work split shifts. He urged that 10 more workers be employed so that the staff could be given a straight eight-hour day. Mrs. Florence W. Welch headed a delegation seeking assignment of another junior high teacher and permanent assignment of another high school teacher for the instruc tion of physically handicapped pupils. Mrs. Lillian Birney Finkenstaedt. president of the Board of Managers of the Home for Incurables, which is caring for 26 District welfare patients, asked an increase from $19,500 to $25,000 for the contract cases, due to increased costs of operation. Mrs. Jenny E. Clarke sought funds for a playground in the Brightwood area, protesting there are more than 4,700 children in the section having no play spot but one school ground and “'the streets.” James M. Montgomery urged ap proval of proposals for a recreation center in the east central area. Hearing on Bergdoll Tract Rezoning Petition Delayed Hearing on a petition to rezone the Bergdoll tract in Somerset has been postponed until 2 p.m. Septem ber 25 after a conference between members of the Montgomery County Board of Commissioners, James W. Gill, attorney for the petitioners, and William Stohlman, attorney for the town of Somerset at the Bethesda County Building yesterday. Hope was expressed at the con ference that the master plan for land use, now under preparation by the Maryland Park and Planning Commission, would be nearing com pletion by that time and that resi dents of the area interested in the rezoning would have returned from their summer vacations. The petition requested that the property be rezoned to permit the construction of apartment houses. Auto Accident Injuries Fatal to Laurel Man George Foxwell, 60. of 512 Main street. Laurel, Md., died yesterday in Casualty Hospital from injuries suffered Sunday night when he was struck by an automobile as he was walking along the Baltimore boulevard at Berwyn, police re ported today. The driver of the car. John H. Peachy, Hyattsville, has been charged with manslaughter, police said. The victim was brought to the hospital by members of the Branch ville Rescue Squad. Washington Area Residents Registering for Car Pools Andy S. Hynes, sr., OPA gasoline rationing official, stakes a marker for the opening of the experimental "share the ride” station. With him are Traffic Director Van Duzer and Maj. Herbert B. Mayer, who originated the idea. The public seemed to prefer paying for rides at a bus stop across the street. —Star Staff Photo. Washington Area residents seek ing rides to and from work began registering today with ration boards, transportation committees and spe cial registration centers in prepara tion for the Office of Price Admin istration’s new share-your-car cam paign which officially opens May 22. The OPA is hopeful of forming car pools among the majority of Metropolitan Area motorists who use their automobiles each day to travel to work. After May 22 motorists who apply for supplemental rations and do not have a minimum of three riders signed up will be issued only 30-day rations. During the 30 days they will be expected to form a car pool. Officials have insisted the only exceptions will be drivers who <an prove they work irregular hours. Fill Out Special Forms. Prospective riders today were filling out special OPA forms, giving their home address, business ad dress, hours of work and stellar data. These forms will be turned over to centra! offices at 5W1 Con necticut avenue N.W., and at 1124 North Highland street in Arlington. From these flies a motorist, working through his local board, will be able to draw on passengers for his pool. The OPA drive Is designed to conserve gasoline and to relieve the strain on public transportation fa cilities. Meanwhile, an experiment in car sharing was inaugurated yesterday j at Twenty-third and C streets N.W., j under supervision of Maj. Herbert B. Mayer, building commandant for the War Department group of buildings. While empty automobiles were rolling into the “station” after 5 p.m., their drivers calling “Bucking ham,” “Colonial Village” and “Sil ver Spring” as the destinations, a crowd huddled at a bus stop across the street insisted on waiting to pay for rides as usual. The first driver to arrive at the station departed with a full load. He was L. A. B'ggs, a telephone com pany employe, who lives at 8413 Piney Branch road N.W. He an nounced that he was going through Rock Creek Park, past Pierce Mill and then up Connecticut avenue. A man and three women got in. But the drivers who followed him did not get any passengers. Few Responded to Bids. The “share the ride” station is the idea of Maj. Herbert B. Mayer, com mandant of a group of War Depart ment buildings in that area. Sev eral sergeants went to the bus stop and invited those waiting—mostly women—to enjoy “a quick and com fortable ride, home.” Pew responded. One said, “I’m afraid.” Among those witnessing the in auguration of the “share the ride” station were William A. Van Duzer, District traffic director; Andy S. Hynes, sr., OPA gas rationing ex ecutive, and Police Inspector Arthur E. Miller. Ceiling on Employes Is Effective Monday By the Associated Pres*. BALTIMORE, May 9 —War Man power Commission regulations plac ing a ceiling on the number of workers an individual employer may hire will become effective Monday in the Baltimore area. Grafton L. Brown, assistant State WMC director, said the regulation would tend to force workers from nonessential to essential jobs and would allow the Federal agency to “weed out” employes of overstaffed plants and take away workers from plants not making efficient use of personnel. "If essential industries were in dire need of men, we could lower the labor ceilings on nonessential industries and the excess labor would be forced to take higher pri ority jobs,” he explained. In the past a worker who was given a certificate of availability by his empvorer could seek new work in any war plant he chose. After Monday, he will have to take his availability certificate to the United States Employment Service, where he will be directed to the plant which has the greatest need for his particular skill. The labor ceilings, pending re ductions or increases for individual concerns, will be based on the high est level of employment at each plant between April 15 and May 1. Communists Approve Plan To Reform as Marxists By the Associated Prfss. BALTIMORE, May 9.—A recom mendation to dissolve as a political organization and to reorganize as a Marxist education association has been approved unanimously by ap proximately 150 delegates at the 1944 State convention of the Mary land and District »f Columbia Com munist party, officers said yesterday. Party headquarters here reported that action on the recommendation to dissolve the party and reform the organization will be taken for the party as a whole at the national convention. A1 Lannon, State secretary of the Communist party, spoke at the con vention and called for the re-elec tion of President Roosevelt for a fourth term. Made Associate Editor Mrs. Alexander Guyol, 1116 Mount Vernon boulevard, Alexandria, has been appointed associate editor of the Pennsylvania-Central Airlines News, official employe publication. Ray Bell, public relations director, announced today. Mrs. Guyol was executive secretary of the Toledo League of Women Voters before coming here. She was educate^ at Sweet briar College and the Univer sity of Chicago. • House Unit to Sift Welfare Housing Round-table discussion of the housing and staff needs of the Dis trict's welfare institutions along with debate over who should have management control of them was scheduled for today before the House District Appropriations Sub committee. Invited to attend were the Com missioners, members of the Board of Public Welfare and the D’Ales andro subcommittee of the House District Committee which has been considering the proposal of the Commissioners to take over the powers of the Welfare Board and convert it into an advisory and planning agency. Virginia Board Completed For Study of Retail Tax By the Associated Press. RICHMOND. Va„ May 9.—A spe cial commission to study the matter of a State retail tax was completed yesterday with the appointment by Gov. Darden of Tax Commissioner C. H. Morrisett and Dr. Tipton R. Snavely, professor of economics at the University of Virginia and a member of the State Milk Com mission. The Governor said he named Mr. Morrissett as the State's authority on general taxation and Dr. Snavely because, as professor of economics, he could represent the entire busi ness group. He said several groups had asked for representation, but he could not appoint more than two members. Members named from the Senate are Senators Y. Melvin Hodges. South Hill, author of a sales tax bill introduced at the 1944 session of the General Assembly, and J. C. Car penter, jr., of Clifton Forge. Named from the House are Delegates V. B. Tate, Wise: Edmund T De Jarnette, Hanover, and John Warren Cooke, Mathews. The commission, under a joint resolution, is directed to report by October 1 on a study of a sales tax as a means of relieving the financial "burden of local taxation upon real estate” and as a means of helping finance public schools. Prince Georges Plans Nurses' Aides Class A class to train nurses' aides for duty at the Prince Georges General Hospital at Cheverly will open June 19 at the hospital, Mrs. Perry O. Wilkinson, chairman of the Red Cross Nurses’ Aide Corps, said to day. Mrs. Wilkinson said day workers at the hospital are needed and urged women who can donate time to this program to volunteer for the course. Additional information can be received from Mrs. Wilkinson. Warfield 2208. I A. ---4 Rise in Child Arrests Is Due to Population Growth, Survey Finds .Downward Crime Trend Of 3 Years Reversed At Last of 1943 An upsurge of Juvenile delinquen cy arrests in the District occurred In the six months ended last De cember 31, which offset a downward trend seen In the three preceding fiscal years, according to statistical findings prepared under the direc tion of the Commissioners. Based on Police Department and Juvenile Court records, and filed late yesterday with the House Dis trict Appropriations Subcommittee by Budget Officer Walter L. Fowler, the report showed there was an 8.8 per cent increase in total arrests of Juveniles for felonies and misde meanors over the average for half year periods in the 1941. 1942 and 1943 fiscal years. 799 Felony Arrests. Contending that the Increase was due principally to a large Increase In arre'sts for traffic violations and disorderly conduct, the data re vealed there were 799 felony arrests, or 2.4 per cent above the average for the six-month periods of the three preceding fiscal years, but 5.8 per cent below the total for the first six months of the 1941 “peak” fiscal year. There were 1,483 misdemeanor ar rests, or 12.6 per cent above the average for the 1941-1943 average for the half years, and 9.1 per cent above the 1941 fiscal half year. The influehce of Washington’s tremendous population increase on the rise in juvenile delinquency cases was outlined in a first-section of the survey, which gave compara tive figures for the fiscal year 1939 through 1943, which ended last June 30. Population Comparison. Estimating the civilian population of the District increased from 657. 940 in 1939 to 833,720 March 1, 1943, or by 26.7 per cent, the Commis sioners’ study, which was prepared for them by J. M. Nicholson, special investigator, said: “Arrests of persons of all ages for felonies and misdemeanors in creased from 55,055 during 1939 to 78,365 during 1943, an increase of 42.3 per cent, compared with an increase of 26.7 per cent in popu lation during that period. “The increase in arrests of per sons under 18 years of age for these offenses increased only 31 per cent during the same period.” The report also brought out that, while the colored population was estimated for 1943 to be 28.5 per cent of the total and the white 71.5 per cent, 662 per cent of the felon ies were charged against colored persons and 33.8 per cent against white persons. As to misdemeanor cases. 51 per • cent of the persons arrested were white and 49 per cent colored. War Not Responsible. The first survey document con cluded with the declaration: “The war is not responsible fA child delinquency because the great est number of arrests of persons under 18 years of age occurred dur ing the fiscal year ended June 30, 1941, which ended nearly six months before war was declared. "Persons under 18 years of age arrested for felonies during the fiscal year 1943 numbered 14 per cent less than for the year 1941. Arrests of white persons for felonies during the same year decreased 35.3 per cent, while the number of colored persons arrested for the same offenses in creased 6 per cent. During 1942 there were 4.7 per cent fewer persons under 18 arrested for felonies than during 1941. "Likewise,” persons under 18 ar rested for misdemeanors decreased from 2,718 in 1941 to 2.578 in 1943. a decrease of 5.2 per cent. This was a decrease of 1.2 per cent for white persons and a decrease of 7.2 per cent for colored persons.” Police Force Addition*. The report also brought out that the police force was gradually in creased to the extent it was 17.8 per cent greater in 1943 than in 1939, thereby suggesting one reason for an increase in the numbers of arrests. The supplementary report, dealing with the six months ended last December 31, and comparable six month periods in the preceding three fiscal years, stated: "While the total arrests for felo nies and misdemeanors increased 8.8 | per cent over the average six-month period from July 1, 1940. to June 30. 1943, the increase over the half year 1941 was only 3.6 per cent. Felonies increased 2.4 per cent over the average six-month period 1940-1943, but during the six months ended December 31. 1943, were 5.6 per cent less than the corresponding period of 1941.”' Misdemeanors during the past six months were 12.6 per cent higher than for the 1940-1943 six-month average and 9.1 per cent above the 1941 July-December period. The report said these icreases were due principally to more arrests for traf fic violations and disorderly conduct. Alexandria Yellow Cabs Operated Without Stand Apparently resigned to the loss of their North St. Asaph street stand, Alexandria Yellow Cab drivers today operated their cabs as usual, al though the stand was closed at noon yesterday. They received calls from the main office by telephoning in from points throughout the city. The closing of the stand yesterday came after months of controversy, during which several extensions were given to operate the stand after the permit was revoked by the City Council January 11. The official closing of the stand May 1 brought a two-day strike and resulted in another extension by the Traffic Board because the ill ness of Maurice Rosenberg, com pany attorney, had delayed applica tion for decentralized two-cab stands. Unsuccessful in their attempts to secure permission of property own ers on the block to retain the St. Asaph street stand, the drivers will operate on a temporary basis, using their present office until permanent arrangements can be made. Last night's blackout necessitated postponement of a scheduled meet ing of the Traffic Board. Frank Arnold, company manager, said that as soon as the board’approves loca tions for decentralized stands a tele phone system will be put in at th« locations.