Newspaper Page Text
Partly cloudy, warmer tonight. Tomor row partly cloudy, continued warm. Temperatures today—Highest. 76. at I" 1:30 p.m.: lowest, 54, at 6:15 a m. Yes terday—Highest, 76, at 4:20 p.m.; low est, 53, at 5:28 a m. Late New York Markets, Page A-15. Guide for Readers Page.1 Amusements B-2«i Comics _B-26-27 Editorials __A-8 Editor'l Articles, A-9 Finance ..._A-15 Lost and Found, A-3 Page. Obituary .A-1# Radio ..B-27 Society ..B-3 Sport* ... A-12-13 Where to Go B-7 Woman's Page, B-19 An Associoted Press Newspaper 92d YEAft, Xo. 36,533. WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY, MAY 10, 1944—FORTY-FOUR PAGES. *** £?»£!& THREE CENTS. 2,000 Allied Planes Raid Europe; Allies Expand North Burma Front, Hint New Drive for China Route Germans Report New Air Fights Over Alps BULLETIN. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS. Naples </P).—American heavy bombers raided Vienna and nearby Wiener Neustadt in Austria today. By the Associated Press. LONDON. May 10.—The Allies threw another series of armadas, probably totaling 2,000 planes, against German defenses of Europe last night and today, blasting front-line airfields and railways and war-supporting in dustries with more than 3,000 tons of bombs in preparation for the invasion. German accounts, telling of vio lent aerial battles over the Eastern Alps, indicated this massed aerial strength was being supplemented by Mediterranean Air Force ‘ heavies' perhaps striking at Austrian targets. An Ankara broadcast said Bucha rest, in Romania, was bombed A night fleet of approximately 750 British bombers earned their great est load of the 26-day offensive in smashing at both Berlin and Paris and hitting at least 10 targets of the highest priority, including the An necy ballbearing works near the Italian frontier in France. 1.000-Mile Round Trip. The British rode 1.000 miles in bright moonlight in attacking the Annecy objective. Then waves of medium, light and fighter bombers streamed across the Channel with their tons of explo sives. Marauders and Havocs dropped more than 450 short tons of bombs on three rail centers in Belgium and France today and on an airfield near Amiens. Two bombers failed to return. The heaviest attack, it was an nounced, was on the railway yards at Criel. 25 miles northeast of Parts by about 100 Marauders, which hit a roundhouse and locomotive shops. Tournai Yards Raided. Two waves of planes, with Ma rauders following the Havocs in. hit rail yards at Tournai, Belgium. 15 miles east of Lille, with good results, j Crews of the Marauders said they left 12.000-foot columns of smoke rising from rolling stock at Mons, I 30 miles southwest of Brussels, on the main Paris-Brussels line. A small force of Marauders hit the airfield at Poix, near Amiens. While British heavy bombers last night concentrated on military and industrial objectives in France, in cluding an aircraft foundry and stamping plant in the Paris sub urb of Gennevilliers. swift Mosqui toes unloaded many 4.000-pound blockbusters on Berlin, still smoul dering from heavy American at tacks on Sunday and Monday. In all its night operations the RAF lost seven aircraft, the Air Ministry announced. "Very Rapid” Attack. The Gennevilliers plants were bombed in a “very rapid” attack which the Air Ministry said was well concentrated despite a heavy anti-aircraft barrage. A force of Lancasters bombed the ballbearing factory at Annecy and nearly the whole works appeared to be on fire after bombs fell among accurate markers, it was announced. The Journal de Geneva at Geneva said the Annecy attack caused enor mous damage and that the smashing of rail facilities halted rail traffic. The Air Ministry disclosed the Germans were using the Annecy factory' extensively for making cast ings for airplane engines since the ball-bearing plants at Schweinfurt were damaged so heavily recently. United States Air Force head quarters, meanwhile, announced that photographs made during yes terday's raids showed good results on three rail freight yards and seven of eight airdromes attacked. Targets Well Identified. Pilots returning from all the Brit ish-based night runs said the night was clear and the targets well iden tified. Flyers who bombed Genne villiers late in the attack said they found fires started and explosions continuing inside the factory with the W'hole target enveloped in smoke. One Mosquito pilot said the night was so clear he could see all the dis tinctive landmarks of Berlin. "It was one of the swiftest attacks we ever made on Berlin.” he said. "All the searchlights around and in side the capital were switched on as we got near the city and ground Runners opened up on us. But we were in and out before they could get the range.” 750 Bombers in Raid. A British communique said the night attack on French targets was carried out "in strength ” indicating perhaps 750 bombers participated, dropping about 2.800 tons of bombs on multiple objectives. More than 4.000 planes flew against the continent yesterday from Britain alone and loosed pos sibly 6,000 tons of bombs on in vasion defenses The main attack was by about 1,000 American heavy bombers against rail centers and airdromes at a cost of six bombers ar.d seven fighters. Five German fighters were shot down. Forrestal Sees Roosevelt; Knox Post Not Discussed By th* Pres*. James V. Forrestal, mentioned as a possible successor to the late Prank Knox as Secretary of the Navy, conferred with President Roosevelt yesterday but said the Cabinet vacancy was not discussed. Mr. Forrestal has been serving as acting secretary since Mr. Knox's death. Reds Begin Clearing Sevastopol, Littered With Dead and Dying Stalin's Order of Day Indicates Shift of Soviet Forces for New Westward Drive By the Associated Press. MOSCOW, May 10.—While the smoke of battle still lay over captured Sevastopol, squads of Soviet engineers entered the city today and tackled the task of re I pairing the wrecked port, front line dispatches said. The fall of the Crimean port after a 24-day siege was announced at 1 o'clock this morning, and there was no immediate wild celebration in Moscow because many of the capital's workers were asleep at the time. A Red Star correspondent who entered Sevastapol with the Rus sian trohps said it was "unbeliev ably difficult to advance a single step" in the face of “walls and fences of fire” which the Germans and Ro manians threw up in the last days of the siege. The correspondent said the en emy had 16 machine guns for every 50 soldiers in the front lines. Be ginning yesterday morning Russian artillery, supported by Stormovik bombers, bombarded German lines "until the mountains shook.” cas cading dowm rocks which caused “more damage than our shells.’’ The writer gave credit for entry into the city to the Soviet guards under Gen. G. F. Zakyarov and | storm units under Gen. Y. C. Kreit jzer. He said he walked through streets littered with dead and dying and saw blasted buildings filled with bodies of enemy killed in the last few days. He declared he saw Ger man storm troop units training ma chine guns on front-line fighters and shooting those who retreated. Shift of Russian Forces To Main Front Indicated LONDON. May 10 OP).—Premier Stalin's order of the day announc ing the fall of Sevastopol indicated one of the two besieging Soviet armies may already have rushpd to the main Russian front for a new' westward offensive. The Berlin radio announced be latedly that German and Romanian troops had evacuated Sevastopol and now are penned in the western tip of the Crimean Peninsula. “After two days of extremely bit ter and hard battles which turned the city of Sevastopol into a heap of rubble * * *” said the broadcast, "German and Romanian troops < See RUSSIA-Page~A-4') President Requests 154 Billions More For Army Next Year 33-Billion Carryover From Current Funds Also to Be Available Br the Associated Press. President Roosevelt asked Con gress today for new appropria tions for the Army totaling $15, 676,652,700, which would bring the total contemplated expendi tures for military purposes up to $49,000,000,000 for the next fiscal year. ‘ The estimates," a White House statement said, ‘‘contemplate the maintenance and operation of an Army of 7,700,000 officers, men and women on the offensive in a global war through June 30, 1945.'’ In addition to the *15.000.000.000 in new appropriations, the state ment explained, there will be avail able in the fiscal year starting July 1. *33,607,263,800 of unobligated bal ances from current appropriations. Withdrawing Nazis Pursued by 8th Army Toward Sulmona Base Allies Take Palena, Near Adriatic Coast, Without Opposition (Map on Page A-4.) By the Associated Press. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Naples, May 10.—Still pursuing withdrawing German forces, 8th Army troops have thrust a wedge deep into enemy territory along Italy’s mountainous backbone, and at last report were driving directly toward the German base of Sulmona, it was announced today. Front advices indicated there was little or no opposition, though the Germans were said to be carrying out extensive demolitions. A communique announced Allied troops had entered the town of Palena. on the Aventino River 25 miles inland from the Adriatic and 31 miles southeast of Sulmona. and a subsequent announcement told of the occupation of the mountain vil lages of Fallascoso. 7 miles north east of Palena. and San Angelo, 12 miles southeast. High Ground Seized. The 8th Army forces also seized high ground near the hamlet of Gamberale. 2 miles northwest of San Angelo, on the road to Palena The advances carried the Allied troops a minimum of 9 miles be yond previous announced positions. A full explanation of why the Germans pulled back was not yet available, but the move apparently wars taken to shorten and straighten their mountain lines. The Germans, who have broad cast various propaganda reports of Allied preparations for a new offen sive in Italy, appeared to be in creasing their defenses on the main 5th Army front south of Cassino. While their big guns provided a covering fire. German working parties were heard felling trees and digging in on the west bank of a river. An enemy patrol was thrown back in the same area. Enemy-held House Raided. An Allied patrol with tank sup port raided an enemy-held house west of Cisterna on the Anzio beach head. inflicting casualties. Head quarters said six enemy tanks at tacked the raiders, but four hits were scored on the German vehicles and one was left afire. Although bad visibility kept heavy bombers on the ground for the sec ond day, British Wellingtons last night renewed attacks on the west coast ports of Genoa and Livorno. 'Floating Hedgehogs' Added to Nazi Defenses By the Associated Press. LONDON, May 9 — “Floating hedgehogs"—guns and anti-aircraft, batteries mounted on naval units— have been added to Nazi anti-inva sion defenses in the English Chan nel and the North Sea. says’ the weekly military review published by the German high command. “This increase in defenses has become necessary because of inten sified air warfare from Britain,' the review said. The “hedgehogs" apparently are an adaptation of the “floating island” fortresses established off the British coast as a defense measure earlier in the war, but are equipped with some sort of motive power.” Hopkins Leaves Hospital For Further Rest Here Ey the Associated Press. ROCHESTER, Minn., May 10.— Harry Hopkins, advisor to President Roosevelt, left Rochester for his home today. Mayo Clinic physicians said they now feel that after an additional short rest period he will be able, to return to his duties at Washington. Comparison of Figures. The $49,000,000,000 outlay for the next fiscal period compares with a preliminary budget estimate, sub mitted to Congress last January, of $52,300,000,000, and with a $71,500, 000.000 program approved by Con gress for the present fiscal year. The White House said the large carryover of 1944 funds had been made passible primarily by a reduc tion in the projected strength of the Army, a reduction in shipping losses and a "substantial reduction” in unit casts of war items because of volume production. The new budget figure provides for 200,000 members of the WACS, more than treble the number now on the rolls. In general, the estimates will sup ply funds needed for all deliveries of munitions and equipment, except aircraft, through December 31. 1945. For aircraft, aircraft parts and Gov ernment furnished equipment, the White House said, the new budget will finance requirements to June 30, 1946. 5 Billion for I.ease-Lend. Included in the estimates is some $5,000,000,000 for military lease-lend and $562,550,000 for relief of civilians in occupied or liberated countries. The biggest single item for any branch of the Army included in the program is $12,610,000,000 for the Air Force. The Ordnance Department is listed for $8,599,000,000. Mr. Roosevelt told Congress it would take $12,690,000,000 for pay. travel and allowances for the Armv, Forces Operating On Three Sides Of Mogaung (Map on Page A-4.) I By the Associated Press. SOUTHEAST ASIA HEAD QUARTERS, Kandy, Ceylon, May 10.—Allied forces are operating i on three sides of Mogaung in Northern Burma, Admiral Lord -Louis Mountbatten’s headquar : ters disclosed for the first time today, indicating a determined Chinese-British-American drive was in full swing to reopen a land route to China. A communique said heavy casual ties h%d been inflicted on the Japa nese south of Mogaung—the first official announcement that Allied j forces, presumably Chindits, are operating in that sector. Sharp blows also have been dealt the enemy in the vicinity of Mawlu, some 75 miles southwest of Mogaung, where the air-borne Chindits have been operating since March against the Mandalay-Myitkyina Railway. Jap Attacks Repulsed. Fitting into the picture were Lt. Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell's American Chinese forces in the Mogaung Valley and native Burmese beating down Japanese attacks in the Fort Hertz Valley in their double-barreled push to the south against Mogaung and Myitkyina. These latter forces are closing in on the Japanese 18th Division, which already is reported becoming dis organized. Gen. Stilwell's forces, supported by tanks and artillery, have been attacking strong Japanese positions east of the main Mogaung Valley road and south of the Hwelon River, headquarters said. Meanwhile, in Northeastern In dia. fighting continued yesterday in the Kohima area, w'here the enemy still is present in strength, the communique said. About 85 miles south of Kohima, the bulle tin added, the Japanese invaders launched two attacks along the Palel road toward the Imphal Plain, but were repulsed each time. Allied Aircraft Active. Allied aircraft were reported ac tive over all battlefronts, blasting enemy troop concentrations at Namkwin southwest of Mogaung, starting large fires at Nalong on : the Myitkyina-Bhamo road and; strafing supply depots at Moirang,! 25 miles south southwest of Imphal. Twenty Japanese Zeros, unable to reach prime targets on the Im phal front, made a half-hour's sec ondary attack on an Allied airstrip in mid-Burma, losing three and probably two more planes to anti- I aircraft fire. They caused negli-; | gible damage. Japs Nearing China's North-South Rail Link Chinese Admit Foe Is Only 14 Miles Away Py the Associated Press. CHUNGKING, May 10—Chinese forces have all but lost their grip on the north-south Peiping-Hankow Railway in Honan Province, the Chinese high command indicated; today. Two strong Japanese columns i were reported less than 14 miles; from a juncture as they struck from the south from Chumatien and en-! tered the railway town of Suiping from the north. The invaders from j Chumatien were said to have gained several miles, appreciably narrowing the 14-mile gap. The invaders pressing toward the Honan Province city of Loyang, how ever, were said to have been checked east of the Yi River. The nearest Japanese forces several days ago were reported only 6 miles from Loyang. • A Tokyo broadcast said to day Japanese forces squeezing through Hulao Pass on the road to Loyang yesterday captured two more towns, i The enemy threatening Loyang from the southeast gained further ground in a fresh thrust from Teng feng. 30 miles distant, and to the south attacked the important high way and river town of Lushan, U. S. Can Defeat Japs With Half Of Present Army, Moulton Says By .1. A. OLEARY. If Germany is defeated this year, the United States would need only half of its present Army ground forces and war workers to finish the war against Japan, Dr. Harold G Moulton, president of the Brookings Institution, told the Senate Postwar Committee today. Dr. Moulton predicted, however, that demobilization will be very gradual and extended over a period of two and one-half years. He based his prediction on several as sumptions, including these: ■ That the. war in Europe will end by December, the Pacific war by the end of 1945, and that demobilization of the armed services cannot exceed 500.000 a month at the peak, and will average considerably less. Discussing the employment out look after the war, Dr. Moulton placed the present total labor force, including the 11,000.000 in the armed forces, at 61,500.000 persons, and estimated that the postwar civilian labor force would be about 57,000,000. This estimate was based on the assumption that t,h^ armed services for a few years after the war will remain as high as 1.500,000 men and that "the bulge in employment of women, old men and youth will be a eliminated, and replaced by normal growth.” ‘But, the total number of jobs re quired for satisfactory employment would be considerably less than 57, 000.000." the witness continued, j adding that the number normally | out of work in good times would be at least 3.000.000. This 3.000.000 figure makes allowance for unem- | plovables prolonged sickness, normal i shifting from job to job and seasonal fluctuations. This led Dr. Moulton to the con elusion that the average number employed in boom times would be! about 54,000,000, or an increase of1 8.000,000 over 1940. If demobilization is spread over! two and a half years, the major unemployment problem wall be con- ! fined chiefly to war centers, such as those producing aircraft and shipping, and probably will not be serious until after hostilities have ceased in the Pacific, Dr. Moulton said. Dr Moultons use of the words ‘Army ground forces in estimating the reduction possible after Ger many is beaten was taken to mean he does not forsee any curtailment of the Navy or Air Force during the [ remaining Pacific fighting. to A\m\ '\ v Tguess^ THEY'RE NOT GOING MY WAY ! XX \v ^SlfARE^RID? CK-UP STATION i JTbeat^ Igposgvgn..) Court Dismisses Ward Case; Company Returned to Owners Workers Vote for CIO Representation; Union Asks WLB to Enforce Contract CONGRESSIONAL INQUIRIES into Ward seizure to continue despite return of plant. Page A-2 BULLETIN. Chairman William H. Davis of the War Labor Board said today the board had voted unanimously to forward a dispute at the Hummer Man ufacturing Co., Springfield (111.) subsidiary of Montgom ery Ward & Co. to the White House for action. By the Associated Press. CHICAGO, May 10.—Federal Judge William H. Holly today dropped injunction litigation stemming from Government seizure of Montgomery Ward & Co.’s Chcago properties without ruling on legality of the Federal action in taking possession. The court told company and Gov ernment counsel that he "considered the case dismissed,” but would rule Friday on whether it should be re corded as dismissed with or without prejudice. Judge Holly said he would not rule on legality of the seizure because “events have transpired which ap parently have taken the case out of my hands.” Had Prepared Decision. Subsequently, the judge told re porters he had ordered destroyed all copies of the decision he had been prepared to issue today in the in junction case. He said he "regretted having to do so.” having spent a great deal of time studying the evi (See MONTGOMERYWARD, A-5.) Holt Is Far Behind In West Virginia Race; Dawson Has Slim Lead Ohio Democrats Name Lausche for Governor; Pickrel Ahead for Senate By the Associated Press. CHARLESTON, W. Va„ May 10.—Circuit Judge Clarence W. Meadows piled up a formidable lead today over Rush D. Holt, former ‘boy Senator” in West Virginia’s Democratic guberna torial primary, but the Repub lican race still remained in doubt. The 38-year-old Holt, youngest man ever elected to the Senate, fell behind early in the slow counting of yesterday's voting, which climaxed one of the bitterest primary cam paigns of two decades. Mayor D. Boone Dawson of Charleston held a slim margin over! Raymond J. Funkhouser of Charles! Town, millionaire industrialist, for; the Republican nomination, moving j out in front after the 55-year-old manufacturer had jumped off to an early advantage. Meadows Far Ahead. Judge Meadows. 41, former State attorney general and a New Deal supporter, had an unofficial total of 50,985 in 1,030 of the State's 2.796 precincts, against 21 048 for the anti-! New Deal Holt. In 1.011 precincts, the unofficial tabulation for Mr. Dawson was1 33.125 votes, against 30,676 for Mr. Funkhouser, who lost the Republican Senate nomination to Senator! Revercomb in 1942. A lengthy ballot slowed the re turns for other contests, including selection of 19 national convention delegates by the Republicans and 18 bv the Democrats, as well as for Congress. Delegations Uninstructed. Although the delegations will go uninstructed, the Democrats, almost without exception, declared for a fourth term for President Roosevelt, while Republicans leaned toward Gov. Thomas E. Dewey of New York, with Gov John W. Bricker of Ohio as second choice for a presidential! nominee. The only incumbent Representa- ; tives who were opposed—Jennings | Randolph, Democrat, of the second j district, and Edward G. Rohr bough.! Republican, of the third—appeared to be well on the way to renom ination. Representatives Schiffler of the 1st district and Ellis of the 4th, Republicans, and Representative I Kee of the fifth were unopposed. Lausche Leads From Start In Ohio Governor Race COLUMBUS, Ohio, May 10 lAA— Mayor Prank J. Lausche of Cleve land, son of Slovenian immigrants, won the Democratic nomination for Governor of Ohio in yesterday's primary, mounting returns showed today, and Mayor James Garfield Stewart of Cincinnati held a lead for the Republican nomination. Mr. Lausche, backed by the CIO's 'See ELECTIONS, Page A-4 i House Report Urges Abolishing of FSA; Meddling Charged Agency Accused of Giving Advice on Planning Lives; Hancock's Work Praised E" the Associated Press. Abolition of the Farm Se curity Administration was rec ommended by a special House committee today in a report which accused the agency of controlling its clients “to the ex ; tent of telling the borrower how ! to raise his children” and “how to plan his home life.” The committee said the FSA “has not been wisely administered and [has been used as an experiment sta i tion of un-American ideas and : economic and social theories of little | or questionable value.” The committee, headed by Repre jsentative Cooley, Democrat, of North Carolina, emphasized that its criti [cism applied to the administration of Rexford Guy Tugwell, now gov ernor of Puerto Rico, and C. B. Baldwin. Hancock Commended. It commended the recently ■•ap pointed administrator. Frank Han cock, for having made “substantial and worthwhile changes in both policies and personnel."' Nevertheless, it called for abolition of the FSA and regional agricul tural credit corporations, discon tinuance of the emergency crop and ifeed loan offices, liquidation of FSA's I resettlement and rural rehabilita tion project and transfer of the Federal aid to low-income farmers program to the Farmers' Home Corp. Two Regimes Criticized. The committee said its investiga tion showed that beginning with the j administration of Mr. Tugwell and i continuing through the Baldwin regime, the FSA financed "Com munistic resettlement projects where the families could never own homes j* * * and was supervising its bor rowers to the extent of telling the borrowers how to raise children, how to plan his home life and, it is j strongly suspected in some cases, how to vote." The FSA's rural rehabilitation loan program was commended by! the committee, w'hich said it has "actually relieved distress and hu- j man suffering in many stricken! agricultural areas," despite abuses in administration. The tenant pur chase program, it added, also has j "been operating efficiently" and; should be continued and expanded) under the Farmers’ Home Corp. B U L L ETIN Cromwell Divorce Voided ELIZABETH. N. J. ^.—Ad visory Master Dougal Herr in Chancery Court today found null and void the Reno divorce of Doris Duke Crom well from.her husband, James H. R. Cromw'ell, and ordered it set aside. (Earlier Story on Page A-7.) at Soldier and 3 Civilians Held After 16th Street Battle With Police Army and Navy Officers Join in Melee Started By Dispute Over Taxi Another slugging match—the second in less than a week—be tween District police and serv icemen occurred shortly after midnight last night. Policemen Louis A. Lozupone, 28, and Robert J. Wagner, 33, both at tached to the 13th precinct, were treated at Garfield Hospital for bleeding noses and assorted bruises following a free-for-all in the 2400 block of Sixteenth street N.W., in which Army and Navy officials and enlisted men, their forces augmented by civilians, battled police. An Army sergeant and three civilians w^Je arrested after at least four police-cars, loaded with rein i forcements, rescued the two battered patrolmen. A Navy ensign, an Army (lieutenant and several civilians, who in various degrees participated in the fracas, melted into the crowd of spectators and disappeared, police said. Accused of Assault. Tech. Sergt. Edward P. Burns, 24. attached to Fort Meade. Md., and Robert J. Short, 27, of the 1200 block Mount Olivet road N.E., were ar rested and charged with assaulting a policeman. Short also was charged with being drunk. Dallas R. Clarke, 18. and Frederick R. Burns. 18. both of the 1700 block, North Quincy street. Arlington, Va„ are both charged with disorderly conduct. The free-for-all had its inception, according to police, in an argument between a Navy and Army officer and their respective parties over who had priority on a taxicab. Both parties, police said, had just left the Hotel 2400. The controversy waxed noisy enough, according to police, to bring to the scene Policeman Lozupone who was patrolling his beat near Meridian Hill Park, opposite the hotel. It also attracted the attention of Policeman Wagner at Fifteenth and Euclid streets N.W., several blocks aw’ay. When he arrived his fellow officer was surrounded by a crowd of about 20 persons, police said. Fists started to fly when the po licemen attempted to arrest two members of the crowd. These two got away in the ensu ing melee. Call for Police. Hotel attaches called for police reinforcements and as the alarm "Policemen in trouble!” went out over the radio, scout cars converged on the scene of the battle with sirens screaming. At this point the Army and Navy officers discreetly retired from the field of strife. Police admitted there was little chance of definitely iden tifying every one who had taken a punch at the two embattled po licemen. All of those arrested and the two police officers were treated at Gar field Hospital. None was seriously injured Policeman Lozupone. how ever. complained of nausea at 4 a m. after his adversaries had been locked up at the 13th precinct and he had returned to patrolling his beat, his commanding officer said, He went home, "not feeling well.” Sergt. Burns today w'as turned over to military police. The other! participants were scheduled to face charges today in Municipal Court, j Wheeler Visits President For First Time Since '38 By the Associated Press. Senator Wheeler. Democrat, of Montana had an appointment with President Roosevelt today and said it was the first time he had called on the Chief Executive since about 1938. The Montana Senator, who has opposed many administration for-' eign policies, asked to see Mr. Roose velt, to invite him to address a joint j session of Congress May 24 in ob- j servance of the 100th anniversary of the transmission of the first telegram. Senator Wheeler is chair man of a committee in charge of ar rangement*. A Laughlin Fined $150; Sedition Trial Resumed Lawyer Plans to Take Contempt Verdict To Appeals Court By CARTER BROOKE JONES. Trial of 29 persons charged with sedition was resumed be fore Chief Justice Edward C. Eicher in District Court today, half an hour after James J. Laughlin, a defense attorney in the case, was found guilty by Justice Jennings Bailey of con tempt of court during the trial. He was fined $150. Mr. Laughlin. who plans to appeal the contempt decision to the Court of Appeals, remaias as counsel for two of the alleged seditionists, Ed ward James Smythe and Robert Noble. Justice Bailey gave the at torney the rest of the day to furnish an appeal bond, which will stay the fine until the appeal is decided. Evidence Centers on Affidavit. It was Mr. Laughlin's charge against Justice Eicher that furnished most of the Government’s ammuni tion in the contempt proceeding. In an affidavit of bias and prejudice which Noble signed and Mr. Laugh lin certified and filed “in good faith,” Justice Eicher was alleged to have accepted appointment to the District bench under pressure of President Roosevelt, who was said to have picked the Judge to preside at the sedition trial, with promise of promotion to a higher judgeship if the defendants were convicted. As the brief proceeding in Justice Bailey’s courtroom concluded, news papermen were handed typed copies of a statement by the National Lawyers Guild describing the con tempt conviction as proof “that de mocracy can defend itself.” The statement, drafted by Martin Popper, secretary, said that since in ception of the trial defense attorneys “have engaged in a deliberate pro gram of systematic obstruction and confusion in order to prevent or de lay the determination of the issues involved in the trial so vital to the security of the Nation at war." There was no discussion of the contempt proceeding as 105 pros pective jurors were brought in and | the big trial resumed. The trial had been in recess since May 1 be cause of the contempt hearing. JAMES J. LAUGH LIN. —A. P. Photo. which began in Justice Bailey’s court last ThursAy and ended yes terday. Trial Starts From Scratch. The trial, starting from scratch again after previous attempts to get a jury had failed and the whole venire was excused at the end of the last court term, continued with quiet and orderliness, in marked (contrast to the previous proceed 1 ings. While various motions, all affecting the method of impanel ing a jury, were urged by defense j counsel, there was none of the si multaneous talking and constant disorder that brought the trial al most to an impasse the last week in April. In an oral decision in the con tempt case. Justice Bailey agreed with the prosecution that several motions for defense witnesses, filed after Justice Eicher had announced that such subpoenas would not be considered until two weeks before the Government was ready to close its case, were not urged in good faith, but to obtain publicity and embarrass the court. Justice Bailey mentioned the mo tions to subpoena Maj. Gen. Walter C. Short and Rear Admiral Hus band E. Kimmel. commanders in Hawaii at the Pearl Harbor attack, and to summon Henry Ford and Charles A. Lindbergh. The testimony of Admiral Kimmel and Gen. Short obviously was irrele «See SEDITION, Page A-lT) Bomber Falls Four Hours After All Bail Out By the Associated Press. DENISON, Iowa. May 10.—A four engine bomber from the Sioux City i Iowa * Army Air Base flew over sec tions of two States for four hours with no one aboard before crashing on the side of a ravine 2 miles northwest of here about 2 am. to day. The plane crashed more than 100 mi'es from where the 10 crew mem bers end a bombardier instructor oaiied out about 10 o'clock last night when fire broke out on the ship, rhe fire evidently burned itself out during the trip. The flyers left the plane in the vicinity of Belden and Wayne, in Northeastern Nebraska. None was injured seriously. Residents of Carroll. 30 miles east af Denison, reported hearing a bomber circle over the city shortly after midnight. It was flying so low', one resident said, that h* feared it was going to crash.