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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 14, 1944, Image 6

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District Food Prices
Decline 4i Per Cent,
Federal Study Shows
District food prices have faller
off an average of about 41 j per cent
a study baaed on figures supplied
by the Bureau of Labor Statistics
Indicated yesterday.
Many of this year's prices hovered
around last year's figures and in
some categories the costs had gone
up. But there were some substan
tial reductions, especially in meats,
poultry, fish and fresh vegetables.
The survey was based on figures
collected about the middle of last
March and on comparable dates In
1943—the latest compiled by the
bureau.
Figures on Eight Foods.
Figures on eight different types
of food were compared—cereals and
bakery products, meats, dairy prod
ucts, eggs, fruits and vegetables,
beverages, fats and oils and sugar
and sweets. Decreases from last
year's figures were noted In five
classifications, while the remaining
three remained virtually the same.
Meats dropped an average of 1.8
cents a pound, dairy products 5
cents a unit, eggs 2.6 cents a dozen,
fruits and vegetables 1.4 cents a
unit, and fats and oils a half cent
per unit. Sugar and sweets re
mained exactly the same, and ce
reals and bakery products, as well
as beverages, showed an average
gain of a tenth of a cent.
Fresh fruits went up an average
of nearly a cent and canned fruits
more than a cent, but these gains
were more than balanced by drops
of 3Vi cents in fresh vegetables and
nearly a cent in canned vegetables.
The substantial drop in dairy
products was the result of the 5.8
cent decline in the price of butter.
Milk, canned and bottled, remained
virtually constant.
Hamburger Price Falls.
Veal cutlets dropped from an
average of 53.6 last year to 45.4, but
veal roasts were up nearly a cent.
Hamburger meat declined nearly 5
cents a pound, and round steak went
down about 3 cents, but rib roasts,
chuck roasts and beef liver were
slightly higher this year.
Sliced ham fell from 59 to 48.4
cents a pound, and whole ham from
41.7 to 33.7. Other pork cuts went
down from a fraction of a cent to
4 cents a pound, except salt pork,
which was up 2 cents. ,
Leg of lamb climbed up about 2H
cents, while lamb rib chops de
creased about 2 cents. Roasting
chickens dropped about 2 cents.
Canned salmon, both the pink and
red varieties, were from 2 to 3 cents
higher this year.
Little change was noted in indi
vidual items of fats and oils and
coffee, tea and cocoa from last
year's March prices.
The drop in food prices was at
tributed not only to the price con
trol program but also to the fact
that many food items are somewhat
more plentiful this year than in the
spring of 1943.
74,000 Veterans Placed
In Jobs in 2 Months
By the Associated Press. i
The War Manpower Commission
said yesterday that more than 74,000
veterans of this war were placed in
civilian jobs during February and'
March through the United States
Employment Service.
The agency’s records show that
280,346 women were employed dur
ing March, a 6.4 per cent increase
over February.
There is a curse in your purse
and a wallop in your wallet. Let
the Axis have it—through an extra
bond.
South Pacific Veteran Weds
High School Sweetheart Today
1
AMBITION REALIZED—Lt. Gilbert I. Zellan, back from the
South Pacific, whose marriage to Miss Louise Lessner will take
place this afternoon, is shown chatting with his fiancee.
—Star Staff Photo.
When Lt. Gilbert I. Zellan, thenj
an Army corporal, docked in San
Francisco last November after 10
months’ duty in New Caledonia,
his future w'as planned. First he
was going to Officers' Candidate;
School. Then he was to be married
Last Wednesday he received his
second lieutenant's bars at OCS in
New Orleans. At 4 p.m. today he
will be married to Miss Louise Less
ner, at an informal ceremony in
the bride’s home. 719 Quebec place |
N.W. Lt. Zellan is 21. his bride. 20.
“It all started that Fourth of July,;
1942,” he recalled yesterday. “Three
days of yachting parties, dancing
and picnics. She was my date.
“The Alpha Phi Pi Fraternity at
Roosevelt High was having its 10th
anniversary celebration—be sure to
put that in, it w-ill give the bovs a
kick.” .
To Lt. Zellan, as a dock supervisor
at New Calendonla, the war meant
endless loading and unloading —
troops, ammunition and supplies.
“We worked for the Army, Navy
and Marines. You name it and we
unloaded it. When the cargo hit
the dock, it was my job to get it
moving no matter in what direction
it was going.” he said.
"Unloading casualty shins was one
of the most disheartening things
ever had to <Jo, Some of the
boyr faces were familiar. I had
seen them go out all in one piece.
They came back a mass of casts and
bandages, their skins a ghpstjv yel
low from the aMfnJfte.tHel t}>ok to
ward off malaria.”
Working under him'were gangs of
20 to 100 men. He never had been
on ships before going into the Armv,
except perhaps for a trip on the
Hudson River Day Line. But his
work with his father's construction
firm in the summer of 1942 helped
qualify him for the job.
Yesterday he spoke of the bitter
ness with which the boys overseas!
receive news of strikes back home.
"It made us feel pretty angry."
he said. “The GI pay overseas
was $60 a month while civilians
back on the West Coast worked a
six-hour day and earned plenty,
with time and a half for overtime.
They kicked around here about a
few pennies when boys out there
were sweating and dying.”
After life in New Caledonia, Lt.
Zellan was definitely Impressed with
price control.
“A $2.50 Ingersoll watch sold
there for about $30,” he explained
by way of comparison.
Both Lt. Zellan and his fiancee
are native Washingtonians and
graduates of Roosevelt High School.
Lt. Zellan attended Benjamin
Franklin University.
His father, Jacob L. Zellan, who
lives with Mrs. Zellan at 4306
Georgia avenue N.W., is head of the
Zellan Construction Co. He is a
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veteran of the World War. The
brides father. David H. Lessner. is
proprietor of Lessner * Wine and
1 Liquor Store in the Washington
; Building.
After a 10-day honeymoon, the
i couple will return to New Orleans
where Lt. Zellan will train colored
troops in loading and unloading
operations.
"It won’t be much different from
New Caledonia.” he observed. "May
be a little hotter.”
Housing
• Continued From First Page.)
NCHA would have to take care of
the lowest income group or this,
group would not be taken care of.
A co-ordinating committee sum
marized the discussions of the day
with a lengthy report, declaring
there was room for both private and
public agencies in slum clearance
work. Copies of these conclusions,
which were not formally voted upon,
will be sent to Chairman Burton,
the Park and Planning Commission,
District officials, and to representa
tives of the several private organ
izations sponsoring the meeting
The conclusions were signed by Mrs.
William Wells, chairman of the
Housing Committee Voteless D. c.
League of Women Voters, and Mrs.
Elizabeth Delman of the Washing
ton League of Women Shoppers, co
chairmen of the cenferenee, and
several others.
Gen. Grant discussing the pro
posed urban development bill an
swered several questions from the
floor.
Queried by a colored delegate to
the conference as to whether the
proposed plan for rehabilitation of
blighted areas would go into the
problem of the serious shortage of
housing for Negroes here, Gen.
Grant replied:
' If the legislation passes, that
will be one of our first concerns."
Asked what would be done to
wards housing people ousted from
their alley dwellings until housing
could be furnished them, Gen.
Grant explained that this was a
problem made more troublesome by
the increased population here, and
the shortage of homes. Space
would have to be provided for these
families in the interval, he said,
but the situation in this respect, was
much worse" now than it was
when alley clearance was begun
years ago. Then there were many
vacancies of equivalent rent in
which to put the vacated people.
The question of shortage of hous
ing for Negroes came up several
times during the day. It led to
the possibility that Gen. Grant
and Mr. Ihlder early this week
may confer with one of the dele
gates to the conference, a colored
real estate broker, in a search for
land on which to construct more
homes for colored. The delegate.
John T. Rlsher, who said he was
sponsoring Suburban Heights De
velopment, where 450 homes now are
under construction with 36 ready for
occupancy July 1, asked Mr. Ihlder
to point out sites where he and his
associates could build from 3,000 to
4,000 more homes.
Apparently surprised at the re
quest, Mr. Ihlder, who was answer
ing questions, declared: “That is the
most encouraging statement I’ve
heard for a long time.” He asked
Mr. Risher to see him afterwards.
They conferred, talked with Gen.
Grant, and Mr. Ihlder said at the
close of the conference, the three
would try to look over potential
sites at the earliest possible time
convenient to all three. Mr.
Ihlder estimated there were 4,800
acres available in the city for home
construction, adding that a “very
considerable part” should be avail
able to colored.
Milton R. Stevens of the Wash
ington Central Labor Union, APL,
without committing his organiza
tion to the support of any pending
legislation, declared that the NCHA
“is certainly doing a better job . . .
than private industry, despite the
fact that it has had considerable
opposition from many sources.”
John Edelman of the CIO, in
sisted that in any new legislation
there should be provisions outlaw
ing any covenants restricting prop
erty on account of race or creed.
Lee F. Johnson, executive vice
president of the National Public
Housing Conference, declared "the
great work of the NCHA must and
will continue to receive the articu
late support of all thoughtful
citlsens of the District.”
From C. E. A. Winslow, professor
of Public Health, School of Medi
cine, Yale University, who Is chair
man of the New Haven Housing
Authority came the declaration:
"The bitterness with which public
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to its success.” t
Other speakers included: Eugene
H. Klaber, architect, who discussed
subsidies: Coleman Woodbury of
the National Housing Agency.
Helen Duey Hoffman of the Wash
ing Housing Association, franklin
Thorne of the NCHA, Pauline R.
Coggs of the Washington Urban
League and others.
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