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Nelson Tells Senators
New Set of Newsprint Rules Are Coming By J. A. O'LEARY. Chairman Donald M. Nelson of the War Production Board told the Senate Truman Committee today he believes a proposed new set of rules to govern newsprint allocation now being considered will answer most of the criticisms directed at the board's original standards. Mr. Nelson also told the commit tee that if the publishing industry at any time feels the allocation of paper could be handled better by an independent agency, he will join them in recommending to Congress legislation to take it out of WPB hands. “The industry’, as a whole has not urged that, has it?” asked Senator Hatch, Democrat, of New Mexico. Mr. Nelson said it has not. but recalled that Representative Maas. Republican, of Minnesota has sug gested it. The new standards will continue to be based on a straight percent age cut in tonnage, but with some of the lessons learned m consider ing hardship cases by the appeals board in the past, written into the rules, Mr. Nelson explained. The text of the new rules will not be announced until the industry Advisory Committee has finished studying them, after which they will be subject to WPB approval. In explaining why percentage cuts in tonnage from the basis of newsprint rationing, Mr. Nelson said that, since the printed word involves freedom of speech, it has not been possible to determine “less essential” uses of newsprint, as has been done with steel, copper and other commodities. Mr. Nelson said many suggestions have been made by individuals as to how paper could be saved by curtail ing Sunday papers, cutting down comics and in similar ways, but he dismissed all such suggestions with this comment: vve aie uciunie in our oeuei mat any attempt to say how the paper should be used after allocated would be a form of censorship, and we should avoid that at all costs. So, we have adhered to a tonnage allo cation figured from a base period.” Mr. Nelson said that under the proposed new policies, the reasons will have to be announced in decid ing hardship cases. Referring to criticism of failure to make public all files in the past, Mr. Nelson said WPB may have made a mistake in accepting confidential information from appellants, but explained that was the only reason all the files were not given out. Senator Hatch suggested that failure to announce reasons may have given rise to suspicion that some were getting an advantage over others in allocations. ‘‘Senator, I didn’t know until I took this job how much suspicion there is in the country,” Mr. Nelson said. Hugh Pulton, committee counsel, revealed that under the proposed new code, appeal cases would be decided in two weeks, thereby elim inating any suggestion that an ap peal was being denied merely through the process of delay. * The committee has been making private studies of the paper situ ation over an extended period. In calling today’s meeting several weeks ago, Senator Truman said the committee at that tiftie was “not satisfied that sufficient progress has been made” in improving the stand ards for allocation. He added that ‘even where reasons for decisions have been made public, their pub lication frequently has been delayed for months." \ Steps have been taken to ease the manpower situation in the Maine pulpwood industry, from which 60 per cent of the domestic newsprint is obtained. In addition to 3.500 workers obtained from Canada, ap proximately 2,500 German war pris oners have been assigned to logging and other operations, according to Senator Brewster. The Truman Committee mav con tinue its hearings on the paper sit uation for two days. LOST. BILLFOLD, brown, containing about S33 Reward lor return. TA. 4434. BILLFOLD, tan. driver's license. S. C. card, oraft card, union book and card, six So bills, two SI, A and C gas books. Please return to H. T. Rider. 1349 Columbia rd. n-w., D. C. Reward. 23* BLACK WALLET. April 18. 1944. in 1815 Adams Mill rd or in vicinity of 18th and (olumbia rd.; contains papers and s s 5vrrd No. 618-20-8996. Finder please call MI. 7018. Reward. 23* BLUE KNITTING BAG. containing half finicned Army sock, ieit in taxi at 12th and Penna. ave. GL 3390. BLUE TERRIER PUPPY’, no tag; lost Sat urday vicinity 812 N. Jackson st., Arl.. Va. Reward. OX. 2392. BOSTON BULL DOG. black and white name Skippy.*' Phone FR 7883. Re turn to 1134 F st. n.e . Apt. 1 reward BOY'S SUITS, 2, Saturday afternoon in Murphy s or Goldenberg's, irom Living ston’s store. TR 0121. BRACELET. Australian coins: sentimental value; vicinity upper Connecticut ave. Re ward. Ordway 1329. 23* BRACELET — Silver chain with pearls, charm with red and green stones, circle of diamonds around center; reward Call RE 8300, Ext. 335. CHAIN PURSE-BILLFOLD: lost at National Airport. Friday night, by serviceman s wife, containing bills and change. Reward HI. 1510-J. f OAT AND TROUSERS, white Palm Beach: virtnity Dupont Circle, reward Executive ENGLISH BULL DOG. light brindle. lost Thursday evening, reward. Executive 0823 1 01 NT AIN PEN. black. Sheafler. May 20, in Hamilton Bank. 14th and F *5 reward. Executive 7030. Ext. 2425. Mr Hopkins. 23* IRISH SETTER. lemale, collar, no tag: vicinity Lynhaven. Del Ray, Alexandria, Va. Temple 3163 GLASSES, red-framed In red case, be tween S st. and 1777 Columbia rd. n,w. AD. 7295. PANAMA HAT, lady s. vie. ]sth and E sts n.w.. Monday morning. Reward RE 8.too. Br. 177, 8:30-5 pm PEARLS (String): lost Sunday, in Aurora Hills or Beverly Hills, Va Reward Over-! look 5316. PIN, diamond and pearl platinum, lost be tween Garflnckel’s and the Willard Hotel. ! Reward. EM. 6033. I KAY'. iron, small value except for asso-| elation: lost Kann’s Dept. Store, Friday Reward. Cali alter 7 p.m . HI. 0539-W MALLET, brown leather, with ideiuifica-: tion cards and keys in black leather case, ! near Union Station. Reward ME. 2495 M ALLET, blue leather- with Coast Guard ' Identification card, railroad ticket and i money; lost vicinity 49th and Mass Re-; ward. Call MI. 7017 alter 6 p.m. MRIST WATCH, small diamond, marked j J. W. B.i lost in vicinity of Shoreham Hotel. Reward Phone Wl. 7370 23* MRIST WATCH, lady s. gold: lost Satur- i day between Bancroft place and 12th and : U sts n w Reward AD 5660. M RIST WATCH, lady * pink gold. 2 rubies i on each side of face, cord band Re x aid i RA 9495. REM’ARD will be paid for definite informa tion concerning lost 13-year-old, large *FrUky.,,h<>*C«ll d°s GENEROUS REWARD SCOTTIES—Two black males, named "Dunky’* and "Rakish", no collars or tans Return to Mr Ruddock, 2514 East pi’ ibet. P and Q. oil 26th) n.w . or telephone DE. 2639._ GENEROUS REWARD For information of missing West High land white terrier Disaopeared Sun May 21. vie. Military rd and 27th st Call OR. 4552 or OR. 9450. LOST RATION COUPONS^ "C" GAS RATION COUPONS, Md. 453407 issued to Margaret Brewer. 4315 Ogle thorpe st. n.w Hyattsville, Md AND "E" RATION BOOKS, i sued to Helen Richter. Berwyn, Md Call Ber wyn 45. GAS RATION BOOK "T." issued to Oliver McNeill. 467 C st. s.w. **4* RATION BOOKS (31, No. 1 books, issued to Alfred T„ Alfred, jr . and Zellah M Brown. 9002 Flower ave.. Silver Spring. Md. SH. 8664 RATION BOOK NO. I. Finder please return to Mrs Bertha Tate, 229 Oue »t. n.w •>•*• MAR RATION BOOK ••3." issued to N'e'llie Jerman, Arlington Vitiate Ap> 185, Ar i»c«ton. Va. CH. 7500, Ext 186. 1 GERMAN PRISONERS, REDS SAY—A Moscow caption accom panying this photo described it as showing German troops who mmrr m—mmt ■ ■mmmmmmmrr surrendered on Cape Kersoneski at the climax of the Crimean campaign. —A. P. Wirephoto via Radio from Moscow. Important Objective Gained in Censorship Stand, Cooper Says By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, May 22 </P).—'The officially-stated policy of the Allied supreme command in the Mediter ranean theater to censor news dis patches only for reasons of mili tary security, thereby removing any implication of political censorship, "achieves an objective of paramount importance,” Kent Cooper, execu tive director of the Associated Press, said today. Mr. Cooper referred to the state ment issued by military authorities yesterday at Naples disavowing ap plication of political censorship, in connnection with an Associated Press dispatch based on an inter-, view with Marshal Tito which was cleared for publication last Sat urday after three weeks’ delay. The statement added that the dis patch containing the interview with Tito was held up by censors be cause it contained matters affecting military security. Not Told of Security Angle. "At no time,” Mr. Cooper said, “was the Associated Press here told by Allied headquarters that any question of military security was involved, although the authorities had every opportunity to say so in order to allay our suspicion that po litical censorship was involved. “On the other hand, Edward Ken nedy cabled through censorship: ‘Originally main reason assigned for refusing to pass story was ‘Yugoslav mission now in London currently ne gotiating points raised hence un want Tito use popular pressure against Allied policy.' Since then censorship has given nnumerous other reasons, sometimes contradic tory. which in my opinion only serve to prove bad faith of censpr ship officials and their inability to justify their conduct in face an nounced policy against political cen sorship.’ “All of Kennedy’s messages were dispatched through the regular Mediterranean censorship channels, without official comment or contra diction, although the Associated Press explicitly had asked Gen. Sir Henry Mailand Wilson for an ex planation. “The cognizance taken by the mili tary authorities and the formal statement disavowing political cen sorship justifies, in my belief, the steps taken by the Associated Press to obtain the release of the Tito story and establish firmly the basic principles involved,” Cooper said. Principles Declared Vital. “These principles, involving free dom of access for publication of all news not involving considerations of military security, are vital to the Allied cause. Their recognition, I feel, achieves an objective of para mount importance to better under standing among free peoples, for it is in the darkness of misunderstand ing caused by the lack of free ex change of information that there is brewed the causes of another world war. "I hope and trust the assurances j that no political censorship will be applied in this war, in the Mediter | ranean theater or elsewhere, are as | rigidly applied and understood by the military authorities as is the fact that all recognize the necessi ties of security censorship. No American war correspondent or American newspaper, in the exer cise of this essential freedom to cover political news, would desire to get or think of publishing any ; material which involved considera i tions of military security.” The Tito interview, written by Jo j seph Morton, originally was sub mited to censorship by Mr. Kennedy April 30. When released for publi cation May 20, an accompanying note from Joseph Dynan. Associated Press correspondent stationed in Al giers. said the original dispatch was intact except for passages referring to the location oi warships" Held Worse Than Patton Incident. Mr. Kennedy had reported on Mav 3 that "purely political censor ship” was being applied, and added: ! my opinion, it’s censorship scandal 10 times more important than suppression of Patton incident, and if accepted by us, can only lead I to permanent Allied political cen sor ?hip in Europe and end of all ! freedom in reporting political news ! here.” On May 16 Mr. Kennedy, explain ing the understanding with Tito, said it was agreed the story would be withheld "if any deletions made : for political reasons.” Mr, Kennedy said all deletions were accepted by Tito “except one ; which he as well as we feel based | Purely political considerations with juo military security involved. Par agraph in question includes refer ence by Tito to Mihailovich.” As finally cleared, the story included passages in which Tito referred to Mihailovich's forces in replying to the question "what is the strength of the enemy forces in Yugoslavia.” A dispatch published today in the New York Times from its cor respondent in Algiers. Harold Cal lender. said "the explanation given by Allied Mediterranean force headquarters for the delay in cen soring an Associated Press inter view with Marshal Tito * * * was regarded as a historic fact since JFOITND riRSE. Owner identity contents. C5]E. J000. Brtnch JOT, 8 am to 6 p.m a military bureaucracy thus took the trouble to defend its censor ship policy to correspondents and the public." Chinese Report 'Success' In Their Yunnan Drive By the Associated Press. CHUNGKING, May 22.—Chinese forces striking westward from the Salween River in Yunnan Province have “successfully concluded” the “initial phase” of their strong of fensive aimed toward North Burma, the Chinese high command declares. No elaboration of the victory statement was given, but a commu nique yesterday said one Chinese column had repulsed reinforced en emy forces which counterattacked Friday at Mamien Pass, north of the Burma road. Bitter fighting raged for several hours. The Chinese command said the situation was .unchanged in Honan Province, where last reports said the Japanese were besieging Loyang, ancient Chinese capital, and Chinese forces were cutting down the en emy's hold on the Peiping-Hankow Railway. Meanwhile. Lt. Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell’s headquarters announced that American Liberators attacked a radio station on Pratas Island, 190 miles southeast of Hong Kong, de stroying three buildings and se verely damaging another. Enemy shipping also was hit on the sweep, which took the bombers within 275 miles of the Philippines. Parent-Teacher Congress Opens Annual Session NEW YORK, May 22.—The presi dent of the National Congress of Parents and Teachers, Mrs. William A. Hastings of Madison, Wis., says “the self-sufficient old-fashioned home has gone, whether we wish it or not.” Speaking over CBS at the opening of the congress’ annual session to day, she declared: “It is time ue paid serious atten tion to city and rural community planning so that there will be whole some recreational facilities, health services, good schools, adequate li braries and museums, guidance and counseling services and opportunities for those who are unfortunate and need special care.” Two Injured in Falls From Windows Here Two persons were injured in acci dental falls from windows here yes terday and early today. Jack Carroll, 26, of 805 Mount Vernon place N.W., fell from a bathroom window ax that address to an alley 30 feet below, police re ported. At Casualty Hospital, it was said he was suffering from a pos sible fracture of the spine. William Clobert, 44, colored, fell from the second-floor window of his home at 318 New York avenue, N.W. while he was adjusting a screen. He suffered fractures of both heels when he landed on his feet, physicians at Gallinger Hospital said. Griffith at Touchdown Luncheon Tomorrow Clark Griffith, president of the Washington baseball club, will dis cuss the reaction of servicemen to wartime baseball when he speaks before the weekly luncheon of the Touchdown Club tomorrow at 12:30. Griffith also will outline baseball’s co-operation with the war effort and its plans for the current season, along with a forecast of Washing ton’s chances for 1944. BERLITZ «fith Year—French. Snanish. Italian. Ger nlr,i*.nVJ>‘.h^rJ >»"*“«*' made easy by the Berlitz Method—available only at the OF SELL YOUR CAR BUI YOUR CAR TRADE YOUR CAR ERNER One or Washington's Largest Dealers 1781 FLORIDA AVE. N.W, HOBART 5000 Branch Connecticut A Nebraska Aves i^usia/^ajeisra/^^MaiaMs/iaiBraisfare^ M 1888 rz 1944 V I for 30 years; I REILLY I | j j Car-Sharing Quota Is Exceeded at GPO Exceeding the Office of Price Ad ministration’s established quota of an average 3.5 passengers per car in the current car-sharing cam paign, the Transportation Commit tee at the Goveriunent Printing Of fice today reported an average of 3.7 persons per car, with more than 5,000 employees enrolled in the pro grtffh. Mrs. Maybelle Fickel, transporta tion officer for GPO, said the car sharing program had been estab lished there for two years and had now registered 1,400 drivers, most of whom were enrolled in the pro gram before the campaign began May 9. Meanwhile, OPA officials empha sized that while the car-sharing registration drive officially ends to day and car owners are threatened with a cut in supplemental rations if they do not have complete car clubs. Prospective drivers and rid ers still can register with the pro gram. They said registration will con tinue until the District has reached its goal. At District OPA headquarters where 7,000 rider and driver appli cations have been filed during the past two weeks, assignment of pas sengers to car clubs and pools was expected to begin today. Third Star Discovered In Beta Corona System Br the Associated Press. LOS ANGELES, May 22.—Dr, P. J. Beubauer has discovered “a dark third body” in the twin-star system of Beta Corona Borealis, the Uni versity of California at Los Angeles announced yesterday. It said the discovery followed 11 years’ spectroscopic study of the star system by the associate's astron omer of the University of Cali fornia’s Lick Observatory, now sta tioned on the Los Angeles campus. “Although Beta Corona Borealis appears to the eye as a single star,’’ the announcement added, “it has been known for some time to be a twin system in which there is an invisible companion. Dr. Neubauer’s research indicates an additional and much smaller invisible body revolv ing around one of the two larger stars, thus constituting a triple system." Army Weapons Show To Be Opened Today “Quartermaster day” will inaugu rate the official opening of the Army Service Forces “Weapons of War” show today on the polo grounds in West Potomac Park. The exhibit, which will be open daily from 2:30 to 10 p.m. through Sunday, will contrast American weapons and equipment with that of captured Japanese and German ma teriel. Each day the exhibit will honor one technical branch of the Army Service Forces. The freight-passenger vessel which is part of the Transportation Corps’ exhibit demonstrating the ship-to shore cargo movement by Army “ducks” (amphibious trucks), an chored yesterday in the Potomac River. The ship, FP137, Ls manned by members of the Transportation Corps Marine Officer Cadet School in St. Petersburg, Fla., and the two week cruise to Washington will complete the crew's training. Captured enemy material, in cluding a German Tiger tank and Japanese emergency food rations, will be on display. Members of Congress have been invited to see the show during the morning hours this week. Gen. Clark Barely Misses Death From Booby Trap By the Associated Press. ON THE 5th ARMY FRONT IN ITALY, May 22.—Lt. Gen. Mark W. Clark, 5th Army commander, nar rowly missed being killed yesterday when a well-disguised booby trap on an abandoned German artillery piece exploded less than 25 feet from the jeep in which he was riding. The explosion critically wounded one soldier and injured several others who had been standing near the Nazi antitank gun. Gen. Clark, who was making an inspection tour of the front, was told that some one had been tinkering with the aban doned gun. After satisfying himself that the injured men were being treated, Gen. Clark warned other soldiers nearby—some of whom had been knocked down by the blast—against tampering with abandoned enemy equipment. Then he continued his inspection. j Y3*?i07TA 7 A wAJ I YOU MEAN | CAN MEND MV BROKEN HEART BV SELLING HIS DIAMONO RING TO SHAH tJHAH j * ^2,1 f <t. K Uf . 1 Drys Suffer Setback As House Unit Defers Antiliquor Hearing Congressional prohibitionists got a setback today as a House Judici ary Subcommittee postponed sched uled hearings on a wartime anti liquor bill and an informal poll of committee members showed at least half of them opposed to the legisla tion. Chairman Hobbs said no date had been set for further hearings in support of the bill introduced by Representative Bryson, Democrat, of South Carolina, and “all I can say is that there won’t be any hear ings anytime soon.” This, another committee member declared, "probably means no hear ings until after the congressional elections, because this bill is*too hot to handle during an election campaign." Three of the six subcommittee members considering the bill said privately they were against it, and a fourth, who was out of toton, was represented by his colleagues as being opposed. Mr. Bryson’s office had no expla nation for cancellation of the hear ing set for today, at which the South Carolinian had planned to present a group of industrialists to testify about the evil effects of drinking on the productive capacity of war workers, especially on Mon day mornings and mornings fol lowing pay days. His measure, which would be in effect for thev duration of the war, proposes to curb absenteeism among war workers by outlawing all bever ages containing more than one half of 1 per cent alcohol. Man Held in Slaying Of One, Wounding Another Nate Robinson, colored, 32, of 209 K street N.E., was held at ninth precinct today for action of the coroner^ after the death of one of two men he allegedly shot yester day during an argument at the Uline Ice Co. plant at Third and M streets N.E. Robinson, police said, is an employe of the plant. Fatally wounded was John Wash ington. colored, 45, of 66 L street N.W., who died early today at Cas ualty Hospital. Walter Rizor. col ored, 32, df 632 Morton place N.E., also was admitted to Casualty with a pistol wound. His condition today was reported as good. Report of Mihailovich's Slaying Due to Confusion B; the Associated Press. LONDON, May 22.—Berlin radio, commenting on a roundabout report than Gen. Draja Mihailovich, Yu goslav Chetnik leader, had been as sassinated by Partisans of Marshal Tito, said yesterday he probably had been confused with ‘‘the Chetnik leader, Blajo Mihailovich, who is only locally known.” The broadcast did not make it clear whether Blajo Mihailovich had been killed. i Costa Rican Labor Sought SAN JOSE, Costa Rica, May 22. f/Pt—An agreement to send probably 3,000 Costa Rican unskilled workers to the United States was signed here yesterday, Hiram S. Phillips, War Manpower Commission representa tive. announced. Recruiting for three-month work periods is due to begin in June, he said. New Sensational Medication Helps Maintain Production riuuutnun engineers lor many oi the nation's largest war plants find that longer lunch periods actually help to boost production by giving the worker more time to properly digest his food, keeping him fit to work at full capacity. Employees with upset digestive sys tems often request the day ofl rather than work in a bloated uncomfortable condition. Plants are besieged with requests for “something for an upset stomach” . . . and nurses who ad minister doses of CA-MA-SIL report that employees usually feel fit for re sumption 01 duties in a lew minutes. CA-MA-SIL, a pleasant, easy-to - take antiacid' powder, is responsible lor helping to maintain the excellent production records of many ol the nation's leading war industries. Employees are advised to take it lor upset or sour stomach as well as lor gas and heartburn after eating some thing that did not agree with them, causing indigestion. Taken before re tiring, CA-MA-SIL enables one to en joy a restful night. A refreshing sleep makes one better able to do the -work assigned him. | Used by physicians since 1936. ADVERTISEMENT. Acid Indigestion Relieved in 8 w doubt* your money back When new sumach arid ww gainful. nfer.w I’ll ru sour stomach and heartburn doasii eresertb* the f~t««-Sto^S2u2rSS)^ S ?«>* £%zrss!!z'%;stjuh1^ - »<hu. p*"* »iu ’ DOOR Iknockers ■ Foot Scrapor* oiRROMWELli mm 723 \7.H STw N.W. ’ --- * ■. i i i ii i foM IIMlj ■■What river runs backward? VI Wm The River Tadjoura, in VI [■ Africa—it runs inland from V IB the sea . . . Over and back f§! IB for liquid refreshment is al- II »ways easy sailing—if you ml ■I LAFAYETTE M liCOCKTAIL LOUNGE II WM Quiet. Comfort. Better Beverages II wm TOMORROW'S 11 fi LUNCHEON SPECIAL 11 IB T*IME BEEF STEW—Richly || II s?uc,ed with butter-blessed meat | IB stock and garden Drtze-winning B IB vegetables: a hungry gjufa ml RB man's nortion en MIF |j 1R casserole MM H Served in the mm IlLafayettefl If • • • Room IV W HOTEL LAFAYETTE V ill 16th *Ey^Sts^N.W. ■ THE IMAGINARY ■ • . meets its mateh here in reality—tha reality of taste thrills rour ■ a 1 a t e itself might contrive in a moment of eeatatie fancy! DINNERS. LUNCHEON! BAR BEVEBBAGES. Open Sundays. dir rot RESTAURANT Cannecticut Avenue at B Street 1,800,000 cars will join the “Ghost Fleet” this year How much longer will your; last? i America's war transportation sys tem is under a heavy strain. Over 5,000 cars are going off the road each day—headed for the junk heap. Will yours be the next to go? The answer rests with you. r hii s What are car owners saying? How are cars standing up under war-time driving? A recent country-wide sur vey found out. by inter viewing owmers of Pack ards and other makes. Three important facts be ll came evident: 1— Packard cars are stand ing up better. 2— Packard owners have required less jrequent service. 3— Packard owners have spent less on service. Ig j§ Packard ownership pays off in dependable, econom ical transportation! Don't forget this whenever you can buy your next car! 555 ip m m ASK THE MAN WHO OWNS ONE m m H ■ ■ ... Whether or not you realize it, vour car should have at least 2 check-ups a year. One in the Spring. One in the Fail. And it’s time for the Spring check-up now. That's the only sensible way to catch little troubles before they grow up into big ones. See the things listed below. They are vital point* in your car which your Packard dealer can easily check —and correct, if they’re wrong Together, they will help save gas. oil, and tires — and prolong the life of your car. See your Packard Dealer for a SPRINGTIME TUNE-UP Spark Plugs—Clean and ad just. Test condenser. Distributor—Clean and ad just points. Ignition—Set timing. Carburetor—Clean. Reset float. Retew gaskets. Fuel Pump — Clean screen. Renew gasket. Water Pump —Check and tighten. Inspect and adjust fan belt. Air Cleaner—Clean and oil. Cooling System—Flush. Add water and rust preventive. Battery—Test. Clean. Tight en terminals. Tires—Switch. Check wheel alignment. PACKARD PRECISION-BUILT POWER Packard-Built Rolls-Royce Aircraft Engines - Packard PT Boat Engines PACKARD MOTOR SALES CO. 1242 24th St. N.W. • REpublic 0123 LOVING MOTORS 1822 M ST. N.W. FOLLIN'S SERVICE 7201 BALTO. AVE. COLLEGE PARK, MD. ROYAL MOTORS 15 KENNEDY ST. N.W.