Newspaper Page Text
The Great Game of Politics Experiment in Lawmaking Being Tried To Save Time and Temper of Congress By FRANK R. KENT. An interesting - experiment has begun in Washington which, if it works out—and there is every rea son it should work out—may establish a pat tern. What is hoped is that a way has been found to save not only the time and the temper of Congress but of the many Gov e r n m e n t heads who have to deal with Congress. And, in addition, get far better re sults. The situation which it is de- Frank R. Kent, signed to correct is this: When a Government agency or department needs legislation from Congress, heretofore the procedure has been for the Government head to draft a bill and arrange for its introduc tion. Then the Government heads have to appear separately before the committees of House and Sen ate to explain the provisions and purposes of the bill and be sub jected to cross-examination on its merits and demerits. This would not be so bad if there were only one committee but al ways there are two and very often four committees — two in. each branch—through which the bill has to pass. This means that the Government heads are literally “run ragged” rushing from one committee hear ing to another, going over the same ground with two, three or four chairmen, each one of whom has a different slant, finds new objec tions and is susceptible to different suggestions. The fearful wear and tear upon the unfortunate Government heads of running this kind of gantlet is obvious. The distressing thing, of course, is the complete lack of co ordination or consultation among the committees. Things the Senate committees accept without ques tion may be rejected emphatically by the House committees. Or it may be the other way around. No Rule to Avoid Conflict. There is no rule by which con flicts can be avoided or tangles straightened except through pro longed and tiresome hearings. The results, inevitably, are bad. In the end, nine times out of 10, a lop sided bill emerges which is highly unsatisfactory to everybody. It is a horribly wasteful and inefficient system as hard on the committee chairmen as it is on the Govern ment heads. And bad, indeed, for the public interests. in the course of such a procedure suspicions are bred, irritation pro moted and bad feeling engendered —largely because men become ex hausted by needless repetition and the utterly useless expenditure of energy. As a result of his own ex perience an idea for improving this state of affairs has been evolved by Mr. John M, Hancock, co-author of the Baruch plan for the difficult task of unwinding from a wartime economy to a peacetime economy. The man who is putting the idea Into effect is Mr. Will L. Clayton, appointed by the President as Sur plus Production Administrator, fin der the Baruch-Hancock plan. _To do the job to which he has been assigned—particularly that part involving termination of con tracts—Mr. Clayton needs certain legislation from Congress. This legislation will have to be approved by four different committees—to wit, the Senate Finance Committee, the Senate Military Affairs Commit tee, the House Ways and Means Committee and the House Military Affairs Committee. Besides Mr. Clayton, the heads of several other governmental agencies are affected by the legislation. Now the idea advanced by Mr. Hancock was that instead of follow ing the old form of going from com mittee to committee, each one of which would kick new holes in the governmental draft, Mr. Clayton, with the co-operation and approval of the chairmen of all four com mittees, should hold in the Office of the War Mobilization Board a series of unique conferences. These conferences have begun On ope side of a long table sit Mr. Clayton and the other agency heads with an interest in this matter. On the other side sit the counsel of the various committees and such com mittee experts as they choose to bring. Cash Laid on Table. All the important committees of Congress are equipped with counsel and ejcperts upon whom great re liance is placed. At these confer- j ences the agency heads acquaint the counsel with exactly what they want and why they want it. The 1 counsel, in turn, lay before the agency meads the limitations which ■ Congress imposes and explain exact ly how far the agency heads can go and why they can go no farther. Thus, at once, the agencies are re strained from asking more than they can get. They avoid putting forth things to fight for that merely take up time and clutter up the committee scenery. On the other hand, the committee counsel get a clear understanding of the reasons for the proposed bill and—even more important—of the men behind it With everybody represented' at these conferences and all the cards laid on the table, it does seem that it should be relatively easv to ar-> rive at an agreement with ihe good iaith, on both sides established. 'Ihe hope is that as a result of the Clayton conferences, at their con clusion the committee counsel, being in accord, can write the bill them selves—and write a bill that, in ad dition to satisfying themselves and their committees, will satisfy the heads of the Government agencies If it does work out that way it would seem intelligent for Govern WTW I k lliUlHrA (stop —-iw \ A \ \ it \ \^j) i k ment heads generally to adopt this method of dealing with Congress. There is. of course, nothing in it to prevent any committee from send ing for any Government head and questioning him even after agree ment has been reached at the con ferences. But, even then, the sav ing in time and strain would be immense. Every experienced person who knows of this experiment approves it. It seems as welcome to the com mittee chairman as to the agency heads. It will be interesting to watch. Correction—In this place some time ago • it was stated that Judge Samuel I. Rosenman had written the tax veto message which caused Senator Barkley to “revolt.” This was incorrect. Judge Rosenman knew nothing of that message until after it went to Congress. Answers to Questions A reader can set the anawer to any question of fact by writing The Star Information Bureau. Washington, D. C. Please inclose 3 cents for return post age By THE HASKIN SERVICE. Q. What was Whistler’s comment when the French government pur chased the portrait of his Mother for the Luxembourg?—L. C. J. A. At that time the artist said: “Of all of my pictures I would prefer for the Mother so solemn a con secration.” Q. What United States general accompanied the German Army in the field during the Franco-Prussian War?—E. L. H. A. Gen. Philip Henry Sheridan accompanied the headquarters of the German Army as the guest of the King of Prussia. Q. When was sponge iron first produced?—T. H. H. A. The first United States patent of which there is record dealing with the production of sponge iron was issued in 1864. Q. From whom did the Lees in herit Arlington?—H. K. E. A. Arlington was the property of Mrs. Robert E. Lee. She inherited the estate from her father, George Washington Parke Custis, grandson of Martha Washington. Q. In how many overseas prison camps are Americans confined?— W. R. R. A. Known prison camps where Americans may be total about 150. They are mainly in Germany and Japan. Q. What is the amount of money spent annually on cosmetics?—P. O. R. A. In 1943 the amount spent for cosmetics and toilet preparations was half a billion dollars. Q. What newspapers printed the New Testament as part of their daily issue?—E. I. R. A. Dr. E. J. Goodspeed in “Chris tianity Goes to Press” says that when the first copy of the revised New Testament appeared In 1881 it was printed in its entirety in both the Chicago Times and Tribune on May 22 as part of the morning paper. The whole book of Acts filled a single page of the Tribune. Q. In which of the Napoleonic battles was a meteorite seen to fall? -C. O. B. A. In 1812, in the Battle of Boro dino a stony meteorite was seen to fall not far from the Russian gen eral opposing Napoleon. Q. Where was Martin Luther buried?—R. A. L. A. His body was carried in state to Wittenberg and buried in the castle church to whose door he had nailed the Ninety-Five Theses. Q. What is the correct name of the torch which is the symbol of learning?—D. S. A. It is called a flambeau. Q. Was there ever another author who wrote under pseudonym Mark Twain?—C. T. A. Isaiah Sellers, a Mississippi River steamboat pilot, contributed to the New Orleans Daily Picayune under this name. For a long time Sellers held the record for the run from New Orleans to St. Louis, which he established May 4, 1844. We are about to open up a second front. Open up your purse or wallet and buy that extra bond. | Household Effects of * Every Description at Public Auction at Sloan’s 715 13th St. WEDNESDAY May 24th, 1944 at JO AM. Bv order of the l/nion Storage Co end Other i. Terms: Cash. C. G. Sloan Jk Co.. Aorta. Established 1801 I i : j Ml \\\M WkkSBB/B k Sporadic Fighting Above Tiraspol Only Soviet Front Activity Br th» Auoeiated Pre»s. LONDON, May 22. — Sporadic fighting was reported along the Lower Dnestr River north of Tira spol over the week end, but the Russian front remained generally quiet except for continued Soviet aerial attacks on communications far behind German lines. A broadcast Moscow communique said Red Army troops had killed 600 Germans in repulsing several [tank-supported enemy attacks in the Tiraspol area. Berlin raido also reported action in the same general area, asserting 3,000 Russians had been encircled and captured west of Grigoriopol, 20 miles north of Tiraspol. Russians declared there were "no material changes” on other sectors of the long front, but said the Ger mans were racing to complete new fortifications under construction in Bulgaria along the Danube River and the Black Sea. Soviet airmen said* they sank a 6,000-ton transport in the Gulf of Finland and destroyed two patrol ships and two minesweepers in the Gulf of Narva. The Russian bulletin said 52 Nasi planes were destroyed in com bat over the front yesterday. McLean (Va.) Pupils Get Lesson in Geography Pupils of Franklin Sherman School, McLean, Va., have found a new way of learning geography. To encourage the pupils to take more than an eating interest in the school cafeteria, teachers included in a course in the nutritional value of the foods served, a study of vari ous eating customs in the United States where foreign influence pre dominates. For example, “chile con came’’ and “tamalea” as a favorite dish in Texas would be explained by the proximity of Mexico, and likewise, “creole” cookery in Louisiana by the influence of early French settlers. WOOLENS Mill-Ends Available For Skirts, Treason, etc. for Chil dren and Adults. Capitol Woolen House SIS Oth St. N.W ME. S37S CELOTEX ROCKWOOL isn’t rationed. Uncle <7~\ Sam wants you to conserve fuel. Insulated homes j'y^7 j are healthier homes—health is essential to help jJ<Y\ J / win the war. Why wait another year when you can J still get the job done at present low prices. Keep warm in winter—keep cool in summer. *• For fret estimate call ACCURATE METAL WEATHERSTRIP k INSULATION CO. 4209 9th St. N.W. JA. 6720 \ * . * on Life Insurance in America f ‘ " -- HERE is how America’s 68,000,000 owners of life insurance are helping to preserve the financial health of every American whether or not he is a policy-holder. First, they are fighting rising prices. By putting their wartime money into life insurance, they are doing one of the things our government recom mends. They’re making their dollars work for our national welfare instead of spending them on today’s scarce civilian goods. Spending in wartime makes prices go up like bidding does at an auction and ris ing prices mean "less and less for your money." Then, too, in behalf of these policy-holders and the general public, Life Insurance Companies in Amer ica last year published messages every two weeks in newspapers throughout the entire country .These messages showed what makes prices go up and what every American could do to help keep prices down. This fight against runaway prices has been won thus far, and the American public deserves much praise for the sensible way it is handling its war time money. But the danger of rising prices is still with us and even more critical days may be ahead unless every citizen continues this fight; Besides helping to keep wartime prices down, these 68,000,000 policy-holders are making important social and economic contributions to America through their life insurance. Here is the simpli fied story of how these contributions benefit yon, your neighbors and your country. LIFE INSURANCE OWNED IN 1943 * This it the greatest financial security ever achieved by any people in the world through their own initiative. However, fine as this record is, it can still be greatly improved because the amount of life insurance owned in 1943 was only about as much as the national income for that year. HOW THIS LIFE INSURANCE DIVIDES UP NUMBER OF POLICY HOLDERS 1943 1049 ! I | 1 la 1943, an average of $65 per per eon was put into this form of pro ' tection.When you stop to think that each of thesa 68,000,000 policy holders named one or more bene ficiaries, then you begin to grasp what a great number of people life insurance benefits directly. AVERAGE AMOUNT PER POLICY-HOLDER more bought in 1943 we* almost one-third larger than in 1942. Ameri cans each year become more aware of their need for more adequate life insuranoe protection. Today, Amer ica’s workers are buying larger life insurance policies. AVERAGE AMOUNT PER FAMILY Life insurance is constantly being made more available to people in all walks of life through broader and more flexible policies designed to fit every different family need, every set of financial circumstan ces.iThil has helped to increase the average amount owned per family. WHAT THIS MEANS' TO YOU This shows how fife insurance stimulated personal responsibility,* initiative and the habit of thrift—* qualities on which America was built. Developing these qualities, life insurance helps Americans to be stronger in character, more self reliant, more truly democratic. Life insurance helps to mold better citi zens who in turn are better neigh-] bors, better friends—builders of a better America. LIFE INSURANCE ASSETS These are funds held by life insurance companies to guarantee payment of obliga tions to the policy-holders. Meanwhile, they are put to work to earn what they can with safety. This makes your insurance cost less, and provides a flow of money that helps keep up America’s standards of living. _l _ u - HOW THESE ASSETS WORK FOR YOU IN U. S. GOVERNMENT BONDS 1943 I Over one-tbird of all life insurance assets are invested in United States Government Bonds.Your life insur ance dollars protect both you and your family and at the same time they also help to provide planes, ships, tanks and guns for our na tional security. IN BUSINESS INVESTMENTS ijii'iil I $10,270millioni While life insurance greatly in creased its investment* in Govern ment Bonds, it also increased its investments in business and industry —maintaining its financing aid on the home front for factories, railroads, light and power. These investments improve the public welfare. IN REAL ESTATE MORTGAGES This total shows further how well life insurance maintained its flow of capital into the home front while buying more Government Bonds. The balancefof assets|not pictured here are accounted for in policy loans, state and municipal bonds, real estate and cash. WHAT THIS MEANS TO YOU The life insurance business is A vital factor in the national econ omy. With its funds, life insurance finances the development of busi ness and industry thus helping to maintain and create jobs. In help ing to keep our national economy healthy and stable, life insurance increases national security, order and prestige—helps make America the greatest country in the world for you to live in. TOTAL RECEIVED BY AMERICAN FAMILIES IN 1943 1943 1942 1 gMWsMJB — $2,403 million $2,345 million i l"MnMMaaaMHBBHMnMaaMaa ,' These payments cover the many purposes for which you own life insurance—income, education, retirement, disability and emer gencies. An average of £6,480,000 was paid out every day. These payments plus the in crease in policy reserves amounted to about 3% more than the total premiums paid in. HOW THESE TOTAL PAYMENTS WERE DIVIDED PAYMENTS TO BENEFICIARIES 1943 Death benefits were paid out on 1,180,000 policies. These payments not only helped the families receiving them; they were also a stabilizing force in your community. Most of this increase was due to the fact that there was a greater amount of life insurance in force. "LIVING BENEFITS" v. 1943 , 1942 Disobilities ' j - Annuities I .Matured Endowments Dividends I $978 million Last year 318 million dollars were paid out on matured endowments alone—167 million dollars in an* nuities—89 million dollars on disa* bility contract*. These payments are "living benefits” that the policy holder himself can make use of and enjoy during his lifetime. EMERGENCY CALLS ON POLICY FUNDS Every life insurance policy, other than term insurance, develops a cash surrender and loan value that generally increases as the premi* urns are paid. These values help families confronted by emergen* eies. This shows that the need for financial aid was lest during 1943. WHAT THIS MEANS TO YOU Each American home is a tiny de mocracy in itself—teaching self government, respect for the rights of others, and the joys of individual liberty. Life insurance helps to keep that home together, helps to lessen the blows of misfortune, helps to keep morale high—contributes to that feeling of permanence and solidarity. It’s easy to see what an important contribution this is to our American way of life. The AV*** **004 represent ike Unned Sieties business oj ooer 300 lefal reserve life msurance companies in Amerua Life Insurance Companies in America Address inquiries to 60 East 42nd Street, New York 17, N. Y.