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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 22, 1944, Image 9

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*
The Great Game of Politics
Experiment in Lawmaking Being Tried
To Save Time and Temper of Congress
By FRANK R. KENT.
An interesting - experiment has
begun in Washington which, if it
works out—and there is every rea
son it should work out—may
establish a pat
tern. What is
hoped is that a
way has been
found to save
not only the time
and the temper
of Congress but
of the many
Gov e r n m e n t
heads who have
to deal with
Congress. And,
in addition, get
far better re
sults.
The situation
which it is de- Frank R. Kent,
signed to correct is this: When a
Government agency or department
needs legislation from Congress,
heretofore the procedure has been
for the Government head to draft
a bill and arrange for its introduc
tion. Then the Government heads
have to appear separately before
the committees of House and Sen
ate to explain the provisions and
purposes of the bill and be sub
jected to cross-examination on its
merits and demerits.
This would not be so bad if there
were only one committee but al
ways there are two and very often
four committees — two in. each
branch—through which the bill has
to pass.
This means that the Government
heads are literally “run ragged”
rushing from one committee hear
ing to another, going over the same
ground with two, three or four
chairmen, each one of whom has
a different slant, finds new objec
tions and is susceptible to different
suggestions.
The fearful wear and tear upon
the unfortunate Government heads
of running this kind of gantlet is
obvious. The distressing thing, of
course, is the complete lack of co
ordination or consultation among
the committees. Things the Senate
committees accept without ques
tion may be rejected emphatically
by the House committees. Or it
may be the other way around.
No Rule to Avoid Conflict.
There is no rule by which con
flicts can be avoided or tangles
straightened except through pro
longed and tiresome hearings. The
results, inevitably, are bad. In the
end, nine times out of 10, a lop
sided bill emerges which is highly
unsatisfactory to everybody. It is
a horribly wasteful and inefficient
system as hard on the committee
chairmen as it is on the Govern
ment heads. And bad, indeed, for
the public interests.
in the course of such a procedure
suspicions are bred, irritation pro
moted and bad feeling engendered
—largely because men become ex
hausted by needless repetition and
the utterly useless expenditure of
energy. As a result of his own ex
perience an idea for improving this
state of affairs has been evolved
by Mr. John M, Hancock, co-author
of the Baruch plan for the difficult
task of unwinding from a wartime
economy to a peacetime economy.
The man who is putting the idea
Into effect is Mr. Will L. Clayton,
appointed by the President as Sur
plus Production Administrator, fin
der the Baruch-Hancock plan.
_To do the job to which he has
been assigned—particularly that
part involving termination of con
tracts—Mr. Clayton needs certain
legislation from Congress. This
legislation will have to be approved
by four different committees—to
wit, the Senate Finance Committee,
the Senate Military Affairs Commit
tee, the House Ways and Means
Committee and the House Military
Affairs Committee. Besides Mr.
Clayton, the heads of several other
governmental agencies are affected
by the legislation.
Now the idea advanced by Mr.
Hancock was that instead of follow
ing the old form of going from com
mittee to committee, each one of
which would kick new holes in the
governmental draft, Mr. Clayton,
with the co-operation and approval
of the chairmen of all four com
mittees, should hold in the Office of
the War Mobilization Board a series
of unique conferences.
These conferences have begun
On ope side of a long table sit Mr.
Clayton and the other agency heads
with an interest in this matter. On
the other side sit the counsel of the
various committees and such com
mittee experts as they choose to
bring.
Cash Laid on Table.
All the important committees of
Congress are equipped with counsel
and ejcperts upon whom great re
liance is placed. At these confer- j
ences the agency heads acquaint the
counsel with exactly what they
want and why they want it. The 1
counsel, in turn, lay before the
agency meads the limitations which ■
Congress imposes and explain exact
ly how far the agency heads can
go and why they can go no farther.
Thus, at once, the agencies are re
strained from asking more than
they can get. They avoid putting
forth things to fight for that merely
take up time and clutter up the
committee scenery. On the other
hand, the committee counsel get a
clear understanding of the reasons
for the proposed bill and—even more
important—of the men behind it
With everybody represented' at
these conferences and all the cards
laid on the table, it does seem that
it should be relatively easv to ar->
rive at an agreement with ihe good
iaith, on both sides established.
'Ihe hope is that as a result of the
Clayton conferences, at their con
clusion the committee counsel, being
in accord, can write the bill them
selves—and write a bill that, in ad
dition to satisfying themselves and
their committees, will satisfy the
heads of the Government agencies
If it does work out that way it
would seem intelligent for Govern
WTW I k
lliUlHrA
(stop —-iw
\ A \
\ it
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k
ment heads generally to adopt this
method of dealing with Congress.
There is. of course, nothing in it to
prevent any committee from send
ing for any Government head and
questioning him even after agree
ment has been reached at the con
ferences. But, even then, the sav
ing in time and strain would be
immense.
Every experienced person who
knows of this experiment approves
it. It seems as welcome to the com
mittee chairman as to the agency
heads. It will be interesting to
watch.
Correction—In this place some
time ago • it was stated that Judge
Samuel I. Rosenman had written
the tax veto message which caused
Senator Barkley to “revolt.” This
was incorrect. Judge Rosenman
knew nothing of that message until
after it went to Congress.
Answers to
Questions
A reader can set the anawer to any
question of fact by writing The Star
Information Bureau. Washington, D. C.
Please inclose 3 cents for return post
age
By THE HASKIN SERVICE.
Q. What was Whistler’s comment
when the French government pur
chased the portrait of his Mother
for the Luxembourg?—L. C. J.
A. At that time the artist said:
“Of all of my pictures I would prefer
for the Mother so solemn a con
secration.”
Q. What United States general
accompanied the German Army in
the field during the Franco-Prussian
War?—E. L. H.
A. Gen. Philip Henry Sheridan
accompanied the headquarters of
the German Army as the guest of
the King of Prussia.
Q. When was sponge iron first
produced?—T. H. H.
A. The first United States patent
of which there is record dealing
with the production of sponge iron
was issued in 1864.
Q. From whom did the Lees in
herit Arlington?—H. K. E.
A. Arlington was the property of
Mrs. Robert E. Lee. She inherited
the estate from her father, George
Washington Parke Custis, grandson
of Martha Washington.
Q. In how many overseas prison
camps are Americans confined?—
W. R. R.
A. Known prison camps where
Americans may be total about 150.
They are mainly in Germany and
Japan.
Q. What is the amount of money
spent annually on cosmetics?—P.
O. R.
A. In 1943 the amount spent for
cosmetics and toilet preparations
was half a billion dollars.
Q. What newspapers printed the
New Testament as part of their
daily issue?—E. I. R.
A. Dr. E. J. Goodspeed in “Chris
tianity Goes to Press” says that
when the first copy of the revised
New Testament appeared In 1881 it
was printed in its entirety in both
the Chicago Times and Tribune on
May 22 as part of the morning
paper. The whole book of Acts filled
a single page of the Tribune.
Q. In which of the Napoleonic
battles was a meteorite seen to fall?
-C. O. B.
A. In 1812, in the Battle of Boro
dino a stony meteorite was seen to
fall not far from the Russian gen
eral opposing Napoleon.
Q. Where was Martin Luther
buried?—R. A. L.
A. His body was carried in state
to Wittenberg and buried in the
castle church to whose door he had
nailed the Ninety-Five Theses.
Q. What is the correct name of
the torch which is the symbol of
learning?—D. S.
A. It is called a flambeau.
Q. Was there ever another author
who wrote under pseudonym Mark
Twain?—C. T.
A. Isaiah Sellers, a Mississippi
River steamboat pilot, contributed
to the New Orleans Daily Picayune
under this name. For a long time
Sellers held the record for the run
from New Orleans to St. Louis,
which he established May 4, 1844.
We are about to open up a second
front. Open up your purse or wallet
and buy that extra bond. |
Household Effects of *
Every Description
at Public Auction
at Sloan’s
715 13th St.
WEDNESDAY
May 24th, 1944
at JO AM.
Bv order of the l/nion Storage Co end
Other i.
Terms: Cash.
C. G. Sloan Jk Co.. Aorta.
Established 1801
I
i
:
j Ml \\\M
WkkSBB/B
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Sporadic Fighting
Above Tiraspol Only
Soviet Front Activity
Br th» Auoeiated Pre»s.
LONDON, May 22. — Sporadic
fighting was reported along the
Lower Dnestr River north of Tira
spol over the week end, but the
Russian front remained generally
quiet except for continued Soviet
aerial attacks on communications
far behind German lines.
A broadcast Moscow communique
said Red Army troops had killed
600 Germans in repulsing several
[tank-supported enemy attacks in
the Tiraspol area.
Berlin raido also reported action
in the same general area, asserting
3,000 Russians had been encircled
and captured west of Grigoriopol,
20 miles north of Tiraspol.
Russians declared there were "no
material changes” on other sectors
of the long front, but said the Ger
mans were racing to complete new
fortifications under construction in
Bulgaria along the Danube River
and the Black Sea.
Soviet airmen said* they sank a
6,000-ton transport in the Gulf of
Finland and destroyed two patrol
ships and two minesweepers in the
Gulf of Narva.
The Russian bulletin said 52
Nasi planes were destroyed in com
bat over the front yesterday.
McLean (Va.) Pupils Get
Lesson in Geography
Pupils of Franklin Sherman
School, McLean, Va., have found a
new way of learning geography.
To encourage the pupils to take
more than an eating interest in the
school cafeteria, teachers included
in a course in the nutritional value
of the foods served, a study of vari
ous eating customs in the United
States where foreign influence pre
dominates.
For example, “chile con came’’
and “tamalea” as a favorite dish in
Texas would be explained by the
proximity of Mexico, and likewise,
“creole” cookery in Louisiana by the
influence of early French settlers.
WOOLENS
Mill-Ends Available
For Skirts, Treason, etc. for Chil
dren and Adults.
Capitol Woolen House
SIS Oth St. N.W ME. S37S
CELOTEX ROCKWOOL isn’t rationed. Uncle <7~\
Sam wants you to conserve fuel. Insulated homes j'y^7 j
are healthier homes—health is essential to help jJ<Y\ J /
win the war. Why wait another year when you can J
still get the job done at present low prices. Keep
warm in winter—keep cool in summer.
*•
For fret estimate call
ACCURATE METAL WEATHERSTRIP k INSULATION CO.
4209 9th St. N.W. JA. 6720
\
* . *
on Life Insurance in America
f
‘ " --
HERE is how America’s 68,000,000 owners
of life insurance are helping to preserve the
financial health of every American whether or not
he is a policy-holder.
First, they are fighting rising prices. By putting
their wartime money into life insurance, they are
doing one of the things our government recom
mends. They’re making their dollars work for our
national welfare instead of spending them on today’s
scarce civilian goods. Spending in wartime makes
prices go up like bidding does at an auction and ris
ing prices mean "less and less for your money."
Then, too, in behalf of these policy-holders and the
general public, Life Insurance Companies in Amer
ica last year published messages every two weeks
in newspapers throughout the entire country .These
messages showed what makes prices go up and what
every American could do to help keep prices down.
This fight against runaway prices has been won
thus far, and the American public deserves much
praise for the sensible way it is handling its war
time money. But the danger of rising prices is
still with us and even more critical days may be
ahead unless every citizen continues this fight;
Besides helping to keep wartime prices down, these
68,000,000 policy-holders are making important
social and economic contributions to America
through their life insurance. Here is the simpli
fied story of how these contributions benefit yon,
your neighbors and your country.
LIFE INSURANCE OWNED
IN 1943
*
This it the greatest financial security ever
achieved by any people in the world through
their own initiative. However, fine as this
record is, it can still be greatly improved
because the amount of life insurance owned
in 1943 was only about as much as the
national income for that year.
HOW THIS LIFE INSURANCE DIVIDES UP
NUMBER OF POLICY
HOLDERS
1943 1049
!
I
|
1
la 1943, an average of $65 per per
eon was put into this form of pro
' tection.When you stop to think that
each of thesa 68,000,000 policy
holders named one or more bene
ficiaries, then you begin to grasp
what a great number of people life
insurance benefits directly.
AVERAGE AMOUNT PER
POLICY-HOLDER
more bought in 1943 we* almost
one-third larger than in 1942. Ameri
cans each year become more aware
of their need for more adequate life
insuranoe protection. Today, Amer
ica’s workers are buying larger life
insurance policies.
AVERAGE AMOUNT PER
FAMILY
Life insurance is constantly being
made more available to people in
all walks of life through broader
and more flexible policies designed
to fit every different family need,
every set of financial circumstan
ces.iThil has helped to increase the
average amount owned per family.
WHAT THIS MEANS'
TO YOU
This shows how fife insurance
stimulated personal responsibility,*
initiative and the habit of thrift—*
qualities on which America was
built. Developing these qualities,
life insurance helps Americans to
be stronger in character, more self
reliant, more truly democratic. Life
insurance helps to mold better citi
zens who in turn are better neigh-]
bors, better friends—builders of a
better America.
LIFE INSURANCE ASSETS
These are funds held by life insurance
companies to guarantee payment of obliga
tions to the policy-holders. Meanwhile, they
are put to work to earn what they can with
safety. This makes your insurance cost less,
and provides a flow of money that helps
keep up America’s standards of living.
_l _ u -
HOW THESE ASSETS WORK FOR YOU
IN U. S. GOVERNMENT BONDS
1943
I
Over one-tbird of all life insurance
assets are invested in United States
Government Bonds.Your life insur
ance dollars protect both you and
your family and at the same time
they also help to provide planes,
ships, tanks and guns for our na
tional security.
IN BUSINESS INVESTMENTS
ijii'iil
I $10,270millioni
While life insurance greatly in
creased its investment* in Govern
ment Bonds, it also increased its
investments in business and industry
—maintaining its financing aid on the
home front for factories, railroads,
light and power. These investments
improve the public welfare.
IN REAL ESTATE MORTGAGES
This total shows further how well
life insurance maintained its flow
of capital into the home front while
buying more Government Bonds.
The balancefof assets|not pictured
here are accounted for in policy
loans, state and municipal bonds,
real estate and cash.
WHAT THIS MEANS
TO YOU
The life insurance business is A
vital factor in the national econ
omy. With its funds, life insurance
finances the development of busi
ness and industry thus helping to
maintain and create jobs. In help
ing to keep our national economy
healthy and stable, life insurance
increases national security, order
and prestige—helps make America
the greatest country in the world
for you to live in.
TOTAL RECEIVED BY
AMERICAN FAMILIES IN 1943
1943 1942
1 gMWsMJB —
$2,403 million $2,345 million
i l"MnMMaaaMHBBHMnMaaMaa ,'
These payments cover the many purposes
for which you own life insurance—income,
education, retirement, disability and emer
gencies. An average of £6,480,000 was paid
out every day. These payments plus the in
crease in policy reserves amounted to about
3% more than the total premiums paid in.
HOW THESE TOTAL PAYMENTS WERE DIVIDED
PAYMENTS TO BENEFICIARIES
1943
Death benefits were paid out on
1,180,000 policies. These payments
not only helped the families receiving
them; they were also a stabilizing
force in your community. Most of
this increase was due to the fact that
there was a greater amount of life
insurance in force.
"LIVING BENEFITS"
v. 1943 , 1942
Disobilities '
j - Annuities
I .Matured
Endowments
Dividends
I $978 million
Last year 318 million dollars were
paid out on matured endowments
alone—167 million dollars in an*
nuities—89 million dollars on disa*
bility contract*. These payments are
"living benefits” that the policy
holder himself can make use of and
enjoy during his lifetime.
EMERGENCY CALLS ON
POLICY FUNDS
Every life insurance policy, other
than term insurance, develops a
cash surrender and loan value that
generally increases as the premi*
urns are paid. These values help
families confronted by emergen*
eies. This shows that the need for
financial aid was lest during 1943.
WHAT THIS MEANS
TO YOU
Each American home is a tiny de
mocracy in itself—teaching self
government, respect for the rights
of others, and the joys of individual
liberty. Life insurance helps to keep
that home together, helps to lessen
the blows of misfortune, helps to
keep morale high—contributes to
that feeling of permanence and
solidarity. It’s easy to see what an
important contribution this is to
our American way of life.
The AV*** **004 represent ike Unned Sieties business oj ooer 300 lefal reserve life msurance companies in Amerua
Life Insurance Companies in America
Address inquiries to 60 East 42nd Street, New York 17, N. Y.

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