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Bear Cub Flown 7,000 Miles,
Gift of Russians to U. S. Army Maliutka (Little One), flown here from Iran in care of Lt. A. J. Miller, left, is accepted by Zoo Director William M. Mann. —Star Staff Photo. A Russian brown bear cub flew Into Washington today from Te heran. Iran, the gift of the Red Army to the American Army. The wooly, roly-poly little symbo! of “friendship and unity” betweer the two great fighting forces was sped 7,000 miles overseas in a Com mando transport, with the kind ol priority that many a big-wig would tear his hair for in vain. "Maliutka,” or “Little One” ir Russian, was welcomed at the Zoc by Director William M. Mann and enough reporters and camera men to have done honor to a visiting Ambassador. Only 3 months old, he made the voyage on a diet of evap orated milk and water which he licked from his paws. Maliutko was presented to Maj. Gen. Donald H. Connolly, com mander of the Persian Gulf Com mand. by Adolph Y. Tchernukin, assistant chief of the Soviet Rail way Service in Iran, in behalf of the Red Army. He weighed only 8 pounds then. “But the trouble with little#bears is they grow up to big bears,” re marked Lt. A. J. Miller, who served as nursemaid for Maliutka while returning from duty with headquar ters of the Persian Gulf Command. “He's getting his teeth,” the lieu tenant continued, “and his claws are three-quarters of an inch long. He developed a habit of digging in Per sian gardens, which are as beautiful as the story books say, and cutting his teeth on Persian rugs and di vans.” The cub raised such a howl in his crate en route that the flyers gave him the run of the ship. Three years from now he should weigh up to 500 pounds. Incidentally, the soldiers, impressed by his rapid growth, called him “Vodka” instead of the Russian name for “Little One.” “Oh, lieutenant,” exclaimed a girl reporter,.I know it’ll just kill you to part with that darling little fellow!” “Like hell it will.” remarked the lieutenant in a gentle, but fervent aside when the Zoo cage door Anally I closed on Maliutka. Sending of First Wire To Be Re-enacted at Ceremony Tomorrow Many Observances Slated For .100th Anniversary Of Morse Message The 100th anniversary of Samuel B. Morse’s first telegraph message, “What hath God wrought?” will be marked at noon tomorrow by re sending the message on the original equipment from the old Supreme Court Chambers here to the Mount Clare Station in Baltimore, with six former telegrapher members of Congress participating in the cere monies. Other observances tomorrow in clude launching of a Liberty Ship, the Samuel B. Morse, by his grand daughter, Mrs. Leila Livingston Morse; issuance of a new “tele graph” series of three-cent stamps; a dinner at the Statler Hotel with Commerce Secretary Jones as chief speaker, and special exhibition of a 120-vear-old painting by Morse at the Corcoran Gallery of Art. The sending equipment has been loaned by its present owner, Cornell University, and the receiving set has been sent from the Western Union Museum in New York. The message will be tapped out about noon by Ernest Morris, president of the Southern Railroad, and received by Roy Barton White, president of the B. & O. Railroad. Immediately afterward Mrs. White will unveil a plaque to Morse at the Mount Clare Station. After the launching at the Beth lehem Fairfield shipyard, and pur chase of the first sheet of the stamps by Mr. White at the Baltimore post office, a special train will bring the party to Washington to join the congressional celebrants at the Statler Hotel. Other speakers at the dinner will be James L. Fly, chairman of the Federal Commu nications Commission; Maj. Gen. Harry C. Ingles, Army chief signal officer, and Rear Admiral Joseph Redman, director of naval com munications. Morse’s painting is a huge canvas of the old House of Representatives, showing 80 lawmakers in Congress in 1822. Disappointed that this painting brought no congressional commission. Morse turned to scien tific research. Reproached later for abandoning art, he replied, “Not at all. Art jilted me.” Citizens Council Opposes Renaming of 4 Streets Renaming of four traffic thoroughfares, proposed to the Commissioners last Friday by the National Capital Park and Planning Commission, was opposed last night by the Northwest Council, formed of delegates from citizens' associations, whose territory in cludes five of the ten thoroughfares considered for name changes. Urging the Commissioners to re ject the proposal, the council con tended that the present names are well-established and generally sat isfactory, and their alteration “'would in no way be beneficial to the residents of the District.” The council asked tnat the Dis trict Recreation Board clean up un used lots wherever available in or der to provide playground areas. Extension of Connecticut avenue bus service on Saturday evening was asked in a request directed to the Capital Transit Co. Election of officers was postponed until September. All eight member associations were represented at the meeting, held in the home of Charles A. Burmeister. 4650 Broad Branch road N.W. President Owren B. French presided. 5-Point Plan Outlined For Postwar Welfare Agency Improvement Construction Cost Put At $1,250,000 Annually Over Five-Year Period By BAINBRIDGE CRIST. Details of plans to meet postwar needs in public welfare were out lined to the Subcommittee on Dis trict Appropriations of the House Appropriations Committee during recent hearings. In a prepared statement of the Welfare Board, presented by Ray L. Huff, director of welfare, the follow ing “basic plan for institutions” was presented: "1. That all children’s institutions be constructed, with the center for business and farm control at the District Training School, Laurel, Md., and that the several institu tions be located and built within a practical radius of the center. Locations Near City. “2. That the institutions for the aged and infirm be planned for lo :ation as near as possible to the city, available to public transportation, with provisioas for caring for all types of aged institutional problems; single and married; normal physi cally and mentally; incurables, phys ically and mentally impaired, not re quiring formal hospitalization. “3. That the arrangement of buildings permit like age classifica tion. with provisions for internal classification for the separate colonv groups, as distinguished from the single-building type. “4. That the staffs of institutions be so classified to insure the em ployment of persons schooled and experienced in the duties to be per formed. “5. That new protective institu tions be built by total contract, the penal institutions by unit for con struction by the prisons. Prisons to follow 10-year plan, requiring ap proximately $110,000 a year” Coffee states the Case. Chairman Coffee told Edgar Mor ris, chairman of the Board of Pub lic Welfare, that “one of the things that impresses me is that we have many institutions that need reno vation, expansion or replacement due to age of the buildings and conditions possibly that demand an expansion of grounds. So-called "immediate and sec ondary steps of the plan” call for case loads of 50 for children’s serv ices “to permit accentuation of pre vention work,” a ratio in field serv ices of 1 worker to 100 for public assistance; buy and build new ad mission center; "expand District Training School to 1,300, with sec ondary plans to 2,000. with provi sions for defective delinquent con trol and training and other colony developments”; buy and equip land with buildings for the National Training School for Girls arc buy land within a practical radius of the training school for Industrial Home School. Construction * costs would be $1,250,000 a year for five years, sub ject to architectural reviev.’. Commissioner Guy Me sen made this blunt statement.: “With reference to the welfare institutions, all of them are in a financially starved condition. They are deplorable. Nearly every insti tution, under the welfare effort, needs to be replaced in its entirety. They are just not modern. They are obsolete. Those that are good are niadequate in size and ca pacity.” Fordham Alumni to Elect The Alumni Association of Ford ham University, Washington branch, will elect officers and direc tors at 8 p.m. tonight at a meeting in the National Press Club, Elmer M. Cunningham, president, an nounced today. * * «> WASHINGTON NEWS WASHINGTON, D. C. D. C. Ownership OfWaferSystem Urged in Report Fowler Sees Rate Rise When Larger Program Becomes Necessary A claim that the District, which supplied more than 7 billion gallons of water without charge to the Federal Government in the fiscal year 1943, would “be better off if it owned its own water system,” was made by Chairman Coffee of the Subcommittee on District Appro priations, it was revealed in reports of the hearings today. At the outset of the hearings, Budget Officer Walter L. Fowler told the subcommittee that if water bill collections are increased it will not be necessary to increase water rates. “When the estimates (for the aqueduct) are presented, we must either approve the items recom mended or take the responsibility of something happening to the water supply. That responsibility, of course, the Commissioners hesitate to take. Rate Increase Possible. “However, if the Washington Aqueduct situation continues as it has, we shall have to increase the rates when it begins requiring mil lions of dollars for an enlarged pro gram,” Mr. Fowler declared. At th request of the committee Humphrey Beckett, superintendent of the Water Department, supplied figures showing that the Federal Government received without charge 7,316,856,198 gallons in the fiscal year 1943, valued at $684,732.53. The District Government received less than 3,000,000,000 gallons without charge. It was brought out that the Wash ington Aqueduct, for which the esti mate of appropriations /or 1945 was $909,518, was under the control of the Secretary of War. Maj. D. M. Radcliffe, resident engineer of the engineer’s office, told Representa tive Stefan, Republican, of Ne braska that the Federal Govern ment's interest financially in the District water system was $9,000,000. , Valued at 23 Million. The present value of the entire Washington aqueduct system is ap proximately $23,000,000, Maj. Rad cliffe said, adding that the figure did not include the cost of the dis tribution system. Mr. Stefan then asked; “So the citizens of Washington have put into the water system the difference between $9,000,000 and $23,000,000, is that it?” “Yes,” replied E. A. Schmitt, head engineer of the aqueduct. Asked if any computation had been made to determine how much free water had been given to the Government during the past 100 years, Mr. Schmitt replied that the subject had been covered in the Shingler report of 1938, and that the question of free water was under study now. Maj. Radcliffe told Mr. Stefan that the Pentagon Building received its water from this system, where upon Mr. Stefan recalled a state ment of Representative Engel, Re publican, of Michigan that Penta gon has 4 acres of toilets. Estimates Federal Use. Maj. Radcliffe estimated the to tal water used by the Federal Gov ernment had a value of $300,000 or $400,000 a year, but pointed out that at a wholesale rate it would be lower. “I think the District would be a lot better off to buy out the Gov ernment’s interest in this system,” observed Mr. Stefan. Mr. Schmitt, however, replied that ‘it has been, considered by some, and I am not attempting to state the War Department's view, that the investment, if it bore interest, would tend to pay for a large part of the water the Government gets.” “I still think the District would be better off if it owned its water system,” concluded Mr. Coffee. During the hearings it was brought out that daily consumption in March of this year was 120.2 million gallons, an increase of 6.6 million gallons over the previous March, and that progress was being made in col lecting unpaid bills. Belvedere Market Denied Meat for 30 Days by OPA Suspension orders, effective June 12, preventing Louis Deckelbaum, proprietor of the Belvedere Market, 1309 M street N.W., from purchasing rationed meat for 30 days, were is sued yesterday after an OPA hear ing on charges that the firm had violated regulations. The proprietor was charged with having purchased 700 pounds of beef from Ira Weill, New York dealer, without surrendering any ration points. It Wfas the same New York wholesaler, mentioned here during similar hearings in connection with Club 400, Pan and Bill's Restaurant, and the Club Del Rio. John L. Laskey, District OPA en forcement attorney, yesterday cleared up the mystery of ira Weill, who during recent hearings also has been mentioned as Ira Wild and Eugene Wild. Instead of being one person, whose name had been mis spelled as believed, Mr. Laskey said Weill and Wild were partners in the New York business. ,--* Probe Pledged In 'Beer Sale' At Field House ABC Board Hears Principal Say Drinks 'Had Foam' Pincipals of the Anacostia High School and the Kramer Junior High School today told the Alcoholic Beverage Control Board they "thought” beer was sold at the Ana costia field house when they visited it on May 15, prompting Chairman Thomas E. Lodge of the board to promise an investigation because the field house does not have a license at present. The principals made their state ment in protesting an application for a beer and light wine license at the field house. Alfred Low Thomas, one of the applicants, told The Star there have been no bottles of beer “in the place this year.” Mrs. O. H. Corkery, acting prin cipal of Anacostia, first told Mr. Lodge she saw “liquor” being sold at the field house this month. Un der questioning by the chairman, however, she admitted she “wouldn’t swear it was beer” and that she had not observed any bottles. John W. Reicks, principal of Kramer, who visited the fieldhouse with Mrs. Corkery, said the drinks had “foam.” Many Protest Renewal. Protests against renewal of the license for the golf clubhouse have been received from the Board of Education, the Southeast Council of Citizens’ Associations, the Federa tion of Citizens’ Associations and the principals and the Parent Teacher Associations of both schools. During the hearing, Chairman Lodge questioned Dr. George C. Havenner, former president of the Anacostia Citizens’ Association and the federation, as to whether the clubhouse was on property inde pendent of any action or control of the District government. W. J. Tucker, representing the Anacostia Association, objected to the license because the swimming pool near the clubhouse is used by pupils of the two schools and the clubhouse itself is headquarters for the Police Boys Club. Clubhouse Out of Bounds. Both principals said the club house is out of bounds during school hours. Mrs. Corkery said schoolgirls might meet soldiers there and that drinking would increase the danger of “bad contacts.” Chairman Lodge revealed that F. F. Gillen, acting superintendent of the National Capital Parks Office, had written a letter to the Southeast Council defending the license. In addition to Mr. Thomas, the applicants are Severine George Leof fler, William Alfred Farr and Ben jamin Harrison Graham, all of whom were applying in behalf of the S. G. Leoffler Co. The fieldhouse had had a license for 10 years, with only one citation for a minor of fense made against it. 'Spiritual Life Mission' Hears Talk by Dr. Jones God is the most important fact in a person’s life, Dr. E. Stanley Jones, Methodist missionary to India here for the “Spiritual Life Mission" campaign, told an audience yester day at Memorial Continental Hall. Taking Voltaire's phrase “if there is no God we would have to invent one.” Dr. Jones asserted "life would be meaningless and dead” otherwise. The big question, he declared, is “not that there is a God, but what kind of God?” The missionary said God “has shown himself supremely and finally in Christ” and that he is good. He concluded by saying God searches for man as well as man searches for God and that we only have to put ourselves in the way to be found by Him. The mass meetings will be held at 8 p.m. at Memorial Continental Hall each night through Friday. A choir from a District area church will sing preceding each meeting, the Shiloh Baptist Church Choir, di rected by Bessie Patterson, being scheduled for tonight’s gathering. The “School of Prayer,” another feature of the mission, is being held from 3 to 4 p.m. each day through Friday under the guidance of Dr. Glenn Clark, head of the creative living department of MacAlester College, St. Paul, Minn., at the New1 York Avenue Presbyterian Church. Removal Proceedings In Gas Case Delayed Removal proceedings against Con stas Gus Basiliko, 28, who is under indictment in Newr York on charges of conspiring to violate gas ration ing regulations, were continued to day until May 31 by United States Commissioner Needham C. Turnage. The defendant, who was arrested here April 21 after he left Mont gomery County Hospital to sur render himself, is alleged to be a member of an Eastern seaboard ring dealing illegally in gasoline coupons. Basiliko, who lives at 6211 Eighth street N.W., is free under $1,500 bond. Charles E. Ford, attorney for Basiliko, asked for the continuance to study the indictment. POSITION! FIRE!—American soldiers dressed in captured German uniforms demonstrate the German 2C.M.38 antiaircraft Flakvierling at the opening of the Army Service Forces “Weap ons of War” show yesterday on the polo grounds in West Potomac Park. —Star Staff Photo. Soldiers Demonstrate Nazi War Weapons At Ordnance Exhibit Descriptions End With Nazi Salute; Others Then Show American Types Eight American soldiers stood on a small platform, each carrying a different type of weapon and saluted: “Heil, Hitler.” But it was only a part of the Ordnance Department’s exhibit at the “Weapons of War” show which opened yesterday on the polo grounds in West Potomac Park. The soldiers were demonstrating cap tured German small arms weapons, each beginning and closing his de tailed description of the gun’s opera tion with a Nazi salute. They were followed by another group, this time demonstrating com parable American small arms, the carbine, machine gun, revolver and rocket gun. Two Full Shows Daily. The exhibit, open from 2 to 10 pjn. daily until Sunday, has two full “shows” daily, beginning at 4:30 and 8 p.m. While the displays may be viewed at all times, demonstra tions and explanations are made only on the scheduled runs. Only one display is demonstrated at a time, so if any one misses a part of the show, he must wait for the next show. The ordnance exhibit, the largest in the show, stars two American war heroes, the Congressional Medal of Honor winners, Lt. Ernest Childers and Technical Sergt. Charles E. "Commando” Kelly. Lt. Childers, 26-year-old Creek Indian, who was cited lor knocking out enemy machine-gun nests and capturing an enemy mortar in Italy, demonstrates some of the small arms. He will appear again tonight and tomorrow from 7:30 to 10 p.m. Sergt. Kelly, also on hand for the small arms exhibit, will demonstrate the weapons at the same hours on Thursday and Friday nights. The small arms demonstration of enemy guns is even more startling, for the American soldiers not only carry enemy weapons, but wear cap tured Japanese and German uni forms. By way of contrast to the small arms exhibit just icross the way stands the giant "Long lorn” ar tillery gun of the American forces. Too, not far away, is the new Army “stratosphere” antiaircraft gun which outranges all existing anti aircraft guns. Jeep and “Volkswagon.” Included is the Army jeep, which stands alongside the comparable German “volkswagon.” Camouflaged as it was when cap tured on the African deserts, the volksw'agon is a tin-type model of the jeep and was originally designed for public use. The motor is in the rear and the “spare” and the gas tank decorate the front. The mast unusual feature of the German "jeep” are the wheels, which are made of solid rubbr, lim iting the speed of the vehicle to about 20 miles an hour. The German Tiger tank, largest of the German armored units, is an other of the exhibit’s features, and is compared to the Army’s 60-ton M-6 tank. The Japanese tank is a poor third in the comparison. The exhibit is sponsored by the Army Service Forces, to give the public an opportunity to see the su periority of American weapons and equipment. ^ Budget Hearing High Lights Rep. Coffee's Interest in Libraries Due to Experience as Book Distributor As a boy, Chairman Coffee of the District Appropriations Subcommit tee had a job “scooting” around his home town library putting books back on the shelves. He revealed this personal history as he ques tioned Miss Clara Herbert, District librarian, about such library affairs as the number of out-of-town tele phone calls (very few); the amount of fines each year ($36,000) and the number of books waiting to be bound (25,000). * * ■*■ * • Told the District has the main library at Eighth and K streets N. W„ and 13 branches, Mr. Coffee asked Miss Herbert if she had ever tried to rent space in a department store for a branch, pointing out “it is done in some cities.” “I would love to do it,” she re plied. * * * * As further proof of his interest in libraries, Mr. Coffee asked if a growing city like Washington should not request more than $70,000 for new books, and then admitted “that is a poor statement for a chairman of a subcommittee on appropriations to make.” * * * * Representative Anderson, Demo crat, of New Mexico had four sug gestions for postwar schools: Air conditioning, synthetic leather cov ers for auditorium seats, soft pine floors and teaching typewriting to music. * * * * Chairman Coffee and Mr. Ander son differed widely on the conten tion of Poundmaster Frank Marks that many dogs put to death during the rabies epidemic actually were not infected. "I think Mr. Marks is so preju diced in favor of dogs that it is hard for him to believe it,” re marked Mr. Coffee. “I recall one time we had to re move a prohibition agent in my part of the country because he said he had never seen a bootlegger,” retorted Mr. Anderson. “The reason he had never seen one was that he was not interested.” * * * * The committee received various opinions on possible increase of adolescents drinking here during the war. Mrs. Agnes K. Mason, member of the Alcoholic Beverage Control Board for 10 years, said she thought there was less drinking among young people than during prohibition. But James H. Mont gomery of the Central Neighbor hood Council said he had seen more drinking among junior high school pupils. » T » Traffic has decreased 27 per cent for 1943 over the two years prior to that and accidents have been re duced 54 per cent, Traffic Director William A. Van Duzer told the com mittee. * * * * “We hope that in the postwar pe riod we can revamp our whole con trol system to vary the timing of traffic light cycles at different times of the day in different kinds of weather, so that we can change the speed wl^en we have wet weather and make more flexible control than we are able to get at the present time,” Mr. Van Duzer informed Chairman Coffee. * * * * Reports of the hearings revealed that Chairman Coffee came to the defense of Dr. Edgar Bocock, who resigned as superintendent of Gal linger Municipal Hospital follow ing a Senate investigation of the institution. He told Acting Supt. Daniel L. Seckinger: “I still think that your predeces sor, Dr. Bocock, was unfortunately I Officials Map Plans for Citizens7 Groups to Aid Drive on Rats District sanitation officials inten sified their campaign to rid the city jof rats when they met today to ; map plans for participation of citi zens' associations and other civic i groups in the rodent-control pro gram. Ambrose P. Bell, District Health Engineer, and Maj. William H. Cary, jr„ acting director of the Bureau of Sanitation, concluded details in the program which will rely on citizen volunteers to make a comprehensive block-to-block survey of the city and participate in the distribution of poison bait. The Federation of Citizens’ As jsociations, composed of 69 member i groups, and the Federation of Civic Associations, composed of colored groups, have pledged their co-opera jtion in the drive. At the same time, Mr. Bell issued a list of instructions for homeown ers, detailing methods whereby in dividuals can aid In the campaign. Pointing out that rats thrive on dirt And garbage, Mr. Bell called on the public to be more careful in disposing of trash and garbage. This is part of the "starve out the rats’" plan. Here is Mr. Bell's expert advice: Store garbage in covered metal containers, store foods in covered containers of glass or metal. Sweep floor and stairways free of bits of food. Store packaged foodstuffs on shelves elevated at least 18 inches from the floor. Keep streets, alleys and backyards free of garbage and refuse. Mr. Bell also has a “don’t list.” Don’t throw refuse out of windows, throw refuse and garbage into the street, alley or yard, mix garbage and refuse, store garbage in un covered paper bags or boxes, store fresh fruits and vegetables in cel lars, leave food for birds and pets where rats can find it, and store useful materials, such as discarded lumber, at least 18 inches above the ground. “Destroying the rats’ food supply, hiding and breeding places is the most effective way of getting rid of rats living in areas surrounding your places of business or homes,” Mr. Bell declared. Here are things you can do to “build the rats out.” Keep the entire house free of rubbish. Store wood and food, es pecially in cellars, on platforms at least 18 inches off the floor. Check all doors and windows to be certain they fit tightly. Cover all openable windows to be certain they fit tightly. Cover all openable windows and door openings at ground level with heavy wire screen. Fill in all holes around pipes and wires. Use odors disagreeable to rats as napth olene, linseed oil or oil of winter green and peppermint. Use pow dered sulphur or lime to keep rats away. ■ There is another list of “don’ts.” Don’t feel that ratproofing is the other person's job. Don’t neglect to fix broken windows, torn screening or ill-fitting doors. Don’t feel that much money need be sperft—many materials cost only a few cents, such as plaster, glass, brick, concrete and wire. A tin can beaten fiat will often do to cover holes and prevent the entrance of rats. Mr. Bell listed instructions on how to kill rats in the house. First, try to find the holes rats use to enter the house. Plug them up with cement or cover them with metal flashing. Set several traps at a time with several different kinds of bait as meat, fish or vegetables. The traps should be set against a wall where rats usually pass. Bait should be made with red squill rat poison. The poison can be obtained free at the Polk School, Seventh and P streets N.W. between 8 a.m. and noon on weekdays. • made the victim of a great many statements that I do not think were borne out and Justified by the facts.” * * * * Representative Stefan, Republic an of Nebraska, told the commit tee he thodght Hie Star’s traffic safety campaign, “Why Must Thtey Die?” had “resulted in the saving of many lives because people would clip out those articles with illus trations of those intersections.” * * * * Chairman Thomas Gillespie Walsh of the Commission on Mental Health told the committee that his group handled 1,541 cases last year, an increase of 11 over the pre ceding year and that he attributed the increase to “the turbulent times.” Of the 7,200 patients at St. Elizabeth’s, 4,700 are charged to the District, which was described by Mr. Stefan as “an alarming re port.” * * * * Asked by Chairman Coffee if the District faced an epidemic, Health Officer George C. Ruhland replied: "I am not a prophet, sir.” He said he thought we were “pretty well protected against cholera and typhus,” but that “the greatest in crease among communicable dis eases that we expect will be from the so-called dysenteries.” He said he was not unduly apprehensive be cause he thought the medical pro fession was on guard. Pointing out that the American Public Health Service figured the desired ratio of nurses to population at one nurse to each 2,000 or 2,500 persons, Dr. Ruhland said “On the basis of a population of 900,000 we have definitely less than half the number of nurses necessary." * * * * Asked by Chairman Coffee if Washington could expect an increase in tuberculosis after the war as in Europe, Dr. Ruhland predicted that better nutrition would give us "greater protection.” * * * * Chairman Coffee also inquired of Dr. Ruhland if lower temperatures from fuel oil rationing had hurt the health of the city. While there has been no marked increase in illness, Dr. Ruhland said “undoubtedly the aged and feeble have been definitely hurt by the enforced lower tem perature." * * * * Commissioner Guy Mason re vealed that in efforts to find a superintendent for Gallinger, he had tried in the States of Washing ton, Michigan, Virginia, Maryland, Texas and Nebraska. One difficulty, he said, was the job paid $6,500 for a $7,000,000 hospital with 1,680 beds, while hospitals elsewhere with 350 to 400 beds paid $10,000 a year. . * * * * The area in which there is the largest percentage of public assist ance is between the Capitol and the White House. * * * * There are 1,625 District employes in the armed services and 1,200 va cancies, with 246 of them of the Po lice Department, 96 in the Fire De partment, 93 at the Health Depart ment, 65 at Glenn Dale Sanatorium and 135 at Gallinger Hospital. Total number deferred in the draft, either as essential to the well-being of the Nation or to national defense, is 1,219, with half of these in the Po lice Department. * * * * The Commissioners have no al lowance to buy roses, lunch or keys to the city for visiting dignitaries and beauty queens, they declared, requesting maximum of $1,000 to be earmarked for “little things of that sort.” Blood Donor Center Marks National 'Smith Week' The formal observance of national "Smith Week’’ at the District Red Cross Blood Donor Center began yesterday when William Smith, pro duction manager of the Government Printing Office, made his fifth dona tion. There are more Smiths in the United States than persons bv any other name, Social Security figures show. A booster of Smith Week is Washingtonian Kate Smith, who gives the observance daily mention on a national broadcast. Blood gifts are accepted at the center, 51 Louisiana avenue N.W. Room Renter Fined Lawrence M. Hemmingway of 1535 Fourteenth street N.W., was fined $30 yesterday in Municipal Court on a charge of operating two unlicensed rooming houses. I Wonftru, J By Both Local». Public Enterprise Declaring the District Commis sioners are in favor of private enter prise doing as much slum clearance as possible, Commissioner J. Russell Young today told the Judiciary Sub committee of the House District Committee that the Commissioners approved in principle the so-called urban redevelopment bill providing for slum clearance, for both public and private enterprise. The long-standing controversy be tween public and private builders flared again during the committee hearing, with the principal debate taking place between Joseph D. Deckman, chairman of the Housing and Rent Control Committee of the Federation of Citizens' Associations, and John Ihlder, executive officer of the National Capital Housing Authority. Details of the Commissioners' in terpretation of all three housing measures pending before the Com mission were laid before the hear ing by Richmond B. Keech, corpo ration counsel. Henry Also Gives Data, Ernest P. Henry, also of the Fed eration of Citizens’ Associations, followed Mr. JDeckman with an an | alysls of the so-called private enter prise bill introduced in the Senate by Senator Tydings. Democrat, of Maryland and in the House by Chairman Randolph of the House District Committee. Representative Dan R. McGehee, Democrat, of Mississippi, chairman of the Judiciary Subcommittee, pressed all witnesses for an explana tion of financial details of pending housing bills, declaring that in his opinion any program for slum clear ance should be self-liquidating. In addition to the urban develop ment bill, which would provide for both private and public housing, and the private enterprise bill, the subcommittee had before it the McCarran measure, introduced also in the House by Mr. Randolph, pro viding a $30,000,000 revolving fund for slum clearance by the National Capital Housing Authority. City Heads Want Action. The District Commissioners -are “very anxious,” Commissioner Young said, “for something to be enacted into law to wipe out slums as quickly as possible.” At this point Representative He bert, Democrat, of Louisiana said he understood the “real issue is wheth er private builders or public build ers should do the job.” Responding, Commissioner Young declared, "We would like to see it done by private builders, so far as it is possible, and, if they can’t do it, then a public agency should do it” Mr. Keech explained that the Commissioners favored the urban redevelopment bill drawn up by the National Capital Park and Planning Commission in preference to the McCarran-Randolph bill, which would have enlarged the authority of the NCHA to a city-wide scope. Unification Agency Suggested. The Park and Planning Commis sion should have authority as a uni fying agency, he pointed out, to prevent what might be “overlap ping” conflict in authority should the McCarran-Randolph bill be en acted. If the McCarran-Randolph bill were favored by Congress, Mr. Keech said it ought to be amended to con tinue the NCHA only in its present jurisdiction. The Burton Subcommittee on Housing of the Senate District Com mittee, which was to have resumed hearings today, called off the session this morning because Senator Bur ton had to appear before the Sen ate Commerce Committee regarding an Ohio matter pending in the Riv ers and Harbors bill. baity Rationing §j£Remimten&b Canned Foods, Etc.—Book No. 4, blue stamps A-8 through Q-8 good indefinitely. Each stamp worth 10 points. Meats, Fats, Etc.—All meats except beef steaks and roast beef now point-free. Red stamps A-8 through T-8 continue good indefi nitely for 10 points each. Until further notice, three red stamps will be validated every four weeks instead of every two weeks. Points for Fats—Your mfeat dealer will pay two ration points for each pound of waste kitchen fats you turn in. The fact that lard, short ening and cooking oils have been removed from the ration list does not mean fat collection is less essential. Shoes—Airplane stamps 1 and 2 in Book No. 3 good indefinitely for one pair of shoes each. Sugar—Book No. 4 stamps 30 and 31 valid for 5 pounds indefinitely. Book No. 4, stamp 40 good for 5 pounds for home canning through February 28, 1945. Gasoline—No. 10-A coupons now good for 3 gallons each through August 8 B-2, C-2, B-3 and C-3 coupons good for 5 gallons each. Fuel Oil—Periods No. 4 and 5 cou pons good for 10 gallons per unit through August 31. Consum ers in this area should not have used more than 99 per cent of their total yearly fuel oil ration a* of May 22. Save This Newspaper Many paper milk are shut ting down for lack of waste paper to convert into cartons for Army and Navy supplies shipped overseas. Every pound of old newspapers and maga zines is needed. Telephone your nearest school or notify some school child in your block to have your paper picked up.