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Aviation Pioneer, 76, m •» 99 Found Penniless in Normandy Village By THOMAS R. HENRY, 8t»r War Correspondent. LI GRAIS, Normandy, Aug. 19.— High above the clouds planes sound . like the rumble of distant thunder. A few miles away Thunderbolts are diving on German convoys. In this little crossroads village a sick, pen niless old man watches. . Probably more than any other man alive he made all this possible for he is one of the most remarkable individuals on earth. He is 76-year old Paul Daniel, Inventor of the rotary engine and the airplane su percharger. Mr. Daniel, a native of Prance, lived in the United States for many years where he was weal thy, a manufacturer, a friend of John D. Rockefeller and a technical adviser to the American Government in the World War. He first became interested in avia tion in the early 1890’s, before the Wrights. He-was an early asso ciate of Santos Dumont, the Bra zilian who developed the dirigible and the monoplane in Paris. Wanted Light Engine. M. Daniel was a motor designer. He says he realized the early block 'engine never could be light enough for long flights. He devised the first rptary engine, which he de scribes as “an engine with a crank shaft which didn’t turn but with cyl inders turning around the shaft.” He made cylinders from cannon steel and used a storage battery for igni tion. He patented it in the United States and France in 1898. Aviation was only a hobby with him as his real job was designing automobile engines. When the fa mous American road racer, John D. Harkness. son of a partner of John D. Rockefeller, came to France with a 90-horsepower Mercedes built in Germany to enter the Paris-Madrid race he met M. Daniel, who bet him he could make a better engine. Working in his spare time, he built an autombbile that beat Mr. Harkness by one hour between Paris and Bordeaux. Mr. Harkness was so impressed he persuaded M. Daniel to go to the United States to start business with him at Bound Brook, N. J. Business Failed in World War. M. Daniel remained in the United States from 1903 to 1921, but his bus iness failed early in the World War. He says he was too busy solving _a problem of air compression to attend to business. ' After a famous French air pioneer told him that an engine became weaker the higher it went, M. Daniel devised a fan for pushing fresh air under compression into the cylin ders. This compressor, or super charger as it is known today, is the basis of all high-altitude flying. This Invention also is covered by a basic patent issued in Washington in 1910. Without this device, now vastly Improved, to feed air at sea-level pressure into a motor at any height the ceiling of flight would be much lower than is now possible. While living in the United States he once was a deputy sheriff of Middlesex County, N. J. He still proudly displays his sheriff's cre dentials. Business went from bad to worse, he says, adding that "I wasn’t bowi to make money.” His health failed and he returned to his native France where he had a small pension as a member of the Legion of Honor. It has not been paid for four years. Perfected New Engine. He was always tinkering with new Inventions. In 1939 he had perfected a 1,500-horsepower engine for French aviation. The best the Luft LOST. BAG—Lady who received wrong tag. trip Union Sta. to 12th and Newton n.e.. Sat.. 12:30 noon, please cali NO. 0151, Lost and Found Dept . DIAMOND CABS, between 9 a m, end 5 n m. except Sunday. BILLFOLD, black, containitis social secur ity card. Md. and D. C. driver’s permits, registration card. B i O. pass. B. & O identification. 85 reward. HI. 0998-W BILLFOLD, brown, containing 879. "c” gas ration book, driver's license draft card, other identification. Liberal reward. S K. WADE. 2745 29th st DE 9259. BILLFOLD, black leather, lost on streetcar at 14th st. and N. Y. ave.. August 18. contained over 879 and identification card. Reward WO. 7556 BILLFOLD, lost Friday in either a Wash ington or Diamond cab. going to Trinity Tow-era on 14th st.. about midnight: val uable papers and money. Reward. NO. 8761. BILLFOLD with identification, lost Thurs day. Return to V. M. KELLY. 2150 Penna. ave. n.w. Finder keep $5. • BILLFOLD, brown; lost on H st. car line or near G P. O., August 17. Reward. Call LI. 6205. BOSTON FEMALE. August 9th. Bradbury Hts.: child’s pet. Reward AT 4615. BRACELET, platinum, set with 11 dia monds. bet. 1421 Mass ave. n.w. and 1625 K st. n.w. Reward. NA. 4506. Ext. 236: evenings, ME. 4294. COCKER SPANIEL, black, male. 5 years old. wearing leather harness, named "Wee gie" vicinity 33rd and N sts. n.w. Re ward. MI. 1396. DACHSHUND, female, black, with brown paws; lost In vicinity ol Tenlev Circle children’s pet. Reward WI. 2959. DENTAL BRIDGE, gold, lost between Wis consin ave. and* 21st st. n.w , Friday night. Reward Box 124 A. Star. DOG. white. Spitz and fox terrier mix. answers to "Pee Wee," female, lost on Riggs Mill rd. into D. C. Fri. afternoon Call SH. 1605 or DE. 6097. Reward. DOG. lost August 14. brindle collar, name and address on collar: answers to name of • Snubbv’’ Call Hyattsvilie 0182. Child’s pet. Reward EYE GLASSES, natural color plastic rims, brown case. Aug. 10 on C. T. or Arnold Bus. Reward. Glebe 1971. • EYEGLASSES, in brown case near 14th and Spring rd »r 15th and M sts. n.w., Thursday. Call AD. 0100. Reward. GLASSES, half gold rim. Monday after noon bet. New Jersey ave. n.w. and Georgia ave. at Brightwood Case marked Pereau. DI 8160 or RA 9206. Reward. • GOLD FOOTBALL, miniature, in n w. sec tion. with letters “STA’’ WO. 0944. LABRADOR RETRIEVER, male, black, white markings on chest, license No. 5643. Phone SL. 4700. Reward. MET AI, HUB CAP. Plymouth: on Mount Pleasant st. bet Irving and Kenyon, Friday afternoon. Reward Adams 6266. 21* PIN. silver. Aug. IHth. In or between Medi cal Bldg 18th and Eye and 10th and H. Phone EM. 8826. Reward. • POCKETBOOK. containing aum of money; left in cab at 12th and H n.w. around 9:30 pm. August 18. Reward. RE. 3167. PUP. black, male, with green atudded collar; vicinity Sltgo Creek Park; reward. Bligo 9288. PURSE—Lost Sat., on Tenleytown car on Pa ave., small leather coin purse, contain ing 3 keys and about *10. Reward. Phone 8L. 8147. RING LOST SINCE 1912—Platinum, 4 diamond dinner ring. 3 West Underwood at . Chevy chase. Md. Reward. Wl. 2363. 8HOE. baby's, size 6‘a. brown, lost Wednes day evening from automobile. Finder please call OR. 0440. STRAYED from 608 E Columbia st.. Falls Church, black pony, white spot on fore head. white rear feet. Reward. Falls Church 2849-W. TERRIER, black and white, August 17th, long-tailed female: tag No. 17384; chil dren’s pet. Reward. GF 8803. TWO SILVER BRACELETS, one with charms, near Mason Green real estate office. Clarendon. Va. Reward RE. 7939 WALLET, brown, by Mrs. C. F. Blair tPhyllls Durgin Blair), cortainlng personal papers, picture. WO. 5601. 3181 Porter *t. n.w. Reward. WALLET, black zipper, containing driver's license, gas coupons, numbered Please return to MRS. ALICE LEE PARKER. No. I East Kirk st., Ch. Ch., Md. Call WI. 3741. WALLET, black morocco, containing money, Important papers, picture, name and ad dresses: Lucian H. Brown. 6012 Stephen gon ave.. Niagara Falls, N. Y.. and Electro Metallurgical Co., Niagara Falls. N. Y. Reward If returned to 4101 Eastern ave., Mt. Rainier. Md. Call WA. 2919. WALLET, brown leather; personal papers, bills, Identification: lost at Newark and Wis. or on 30 car, Friday evening. Re ward Call OR. 8845. WRIST WATCH—Diamond. Swiss watch, vicinity Army and Navy Club, between parking lot and ladies' entrance, or cross 17th st. to meilbox. 17th end Eve. Gen erous reward. CH. 3000, Br 3136 WRIST WATCH. lady s Waltham, gold. Thursday night, Georgia ave. n.w.; reward. WRIST WATCH—Fri. pm., small dark led silk coin purse com. gold Waltham wrist watch: lady's initials on back, M. E. D : great sentimental value. Re ward. TE 2423 until 10 am. Sun.; after 6 weekoays SUNDAY. Au*. 8. at Benedict, large black eocker spaniel, name "Huckleberry": $5 4 1 FRENCH MAQUIS TAKE OVER HOTEL — Nine young French Maquis (French underground group) stand on the balcony of the Bellevue Hotel in St. Julien, which was formerly occupied by Nazis. Windows over Maquis’ heads are shattered. \ —A. P. Wirephoto via Radio From Switzerland. American air-borne infantrymen step briskly out of their glider after a safe landing behind enemy lines and proceed to their position in Southern France according to plan. —Signal Corps Radiophoto. wafle had announced at that time was a 1.000-horsepower motor. The one completed engine was destroyed together with its plans when the enemy entered Paris in 1940. He fled from Paris to this village in fear of German bombers where, with his aged wife, he has lived on a little garden patch. The cottage was occupied by Germans but. he says, a kindly Austrian doctor saved the garden for him. However, the soldiers destroyed his precious tools with which he tinkered on a new invention which, he believes, to be the most revolutionary of all. He has been very sick this year. The village doctor in a whisper told Mme. Daniel that her hus band is likely to drop dead any hour. She told him in tears, but M. Daniel said. "I am going to live until the deliverers come." M. P.s Care for Them. Today I found American military police caring for the aged couple, the old man shaking with sobs of happiness. Old, feeble, M. Daniel looks ' northward at the diving planes, a little proud, a little sad, since he feels that his invention con tributed to the downfall of his country. He says, "After all, this is only a beginning. Until the last few years all engine designers have been men wandering in a wild, trackless for est. They now have reached a nar row woodpath. Soon they will see open roads and go ahead." His own vision is of a future with transport planes as big as the liners Normandy and Queen Mary operat ing with very light steam engines. In 1921 he built a steam boilfer weighing 40 pounds and generating 360 horsepower through a six-hour test. He carried it in a suit case. He says he has improved the idea since but he doesn’t expect to live to see its realization. This is the end of the road for a sobbing old man who made his contribution to aviation. House Committee Probes 'Coddling'of War Prisoners Ey the Associated Press. Reports of “coddling" of Axis war prisoners are being investigated by the House Military Affairs Com mittee. Chairman May disclosed last night. Committee investigators. Repre sentative May told reporters, have been sent to prison camps in Ken tucky and Pennsylvania to inquire into complaints “that Axis prisoners of war are being coddled and treated like heroes." “We have received many com plaints," he said, “and according to reports some of these prisoners are being treated like guests, being transported to movies and held up as great heroes. It is one thing to treat them decently, but it is some thing else to give them a lot of privileges just because they hap pened to be captured while trying to kill a lot of our boys.” LOST RATION COUPONS. GAS RATION BOOK C AND A — Both 122-300. Samuel Carter, 1016 48th st. n.e. AT. 9110. 20* LOST KARON BOOK NO. 3. Finder Please return to owner. Mrs. Anne M Corea, 4800 Dolton rd.. Chevy Chase, Md. RATION BOOKS (2) in names of Mar *»rette V. and Henry 8. Brummltt. OX. 1905. oiti RATION BOOK NO. 4, issued to Caroline E. Berry and John 8. Younger, 1326 You st. n.w. NO. 8199. RATION BOOKS 3 4, Issued J. Johnston Muir. Grace Harris Muir. Grace Mary Muir. Wilson lane, Bethesda. Md. WI. 9399. 21* WAR RATION BOOK Ne. 3. issued to Constance A Rounds. 6310 Beechwood dr.. I Chevy Chase, Md. 21» found! CABLE SHUTTER RELEASE for kodak. near Capitol grounds Mon. morning. Call Oxford 3154. FOUND—Suit case, found on Pa. ave. bridge s.e.; Navy clothes. Call TR. 18T2 Monday. LIGHT BRACELET, found vicinity Colum bia rd.; owner identify. AD*,2681. ssaav?,1 ftyr.t-frc.Tia feSlfc.” **“ •* Pope Receives U. S. Officer Who Once Was in Swiss Guard Br the Associated Press. VATICAN CITY, Aug. 19.—Pope Pius XII recently accorded a special audience to an American officer who used to be one of hts own soldiers, it was learned today. The pontiff received Lt. Carl Fehr, a native of Lucerne Canton in Switzerland, who served in the Swiss Guards from 1933 to 1936 before migrating to the United States. He returned to Rome as an American officer and now Is in the Allied Con trol Commission security section. Lt. Fehr, whose home is in New Orleans, said he spent 45 minutes with the Pope. The pontiff asked him jokingly if he wanted his old job back. Lt. Fehr declined with thanks, saying he was "making out pretty well in the American Army.’ Lt. Fehr went to America in 1938 and became a citizen in 1942. In 1941 he married Miss Eileen Walsh of Newr Orleans, and the Pope sent him a special blessing and a rosary for his bride. Shortly after reaching Rome June 8, Lt. Fehr put on dark sunglasses, went to the Vatican, and asked the Swiss guard in English if he could enter.__ Nurse Dies in Hospital After 3 Suicide Attempts Mrs. Mary J. Burke. 30. a nurse, of 1372 Bryant street N.E.. died last night in Doctors Hospital fol lowing three attempts at suicide last Thursday, according to police. Police said that Mrs. Burke was found on the floor of her apartment Thursday by her husband and Dr. Agnes L. McNutt, 4130 Sixteenth street N.W. According to Detective Sergt. John J. Baker, who investigated the case, Mrs. Burke had slashed her left arm and had turned on the gas in the kitchen where she was found. Sergt. Baker quoted Dr. McNutt as saying the woman also had taken an overdose of sleeping powders. Assistant Coroner Christopher J. Murphy said he would Issue a ver dict In the case today or tomorrow. Sell wisely, at Burnstlne's. Rely with confidence on our reputation which spans three generations. We pay highest prices for diamonds, s diamond estates and old U, JL#919 f $treet N W '8 YEARS OP RELIABILITY j..............— The guard said, "No, that lt was a neutral state." Thereupon Lt. Pehr, breaking into the Sweizer deutch which Swiss Guards speak, asked him why not. It was then that he was recog nized as a former guardsman, and I given a prodigal son's welcome, i "They took me to the canteen and I almost ended up under the table,” Lt. Pehr said. The chaplain of the guard passed the word along, and when the Pope i heard of his arrival, sent for him. A French woman Nazi sympathizer is marched along the road at pistol point past a Yank heavy tank. She Is being taken to Pre en Pail to be shorn of her hair by members of the French Resistance Party. —Signal Corps Radiophoto. Army Supports Bill To Aid Mental Cases From Pentagon Area War Department approval of the Randolph bill to make District fa cilities available to mental cases found in the Pentagon area was registered with the House District Committee yesterday with a stipu lation that certain amendments be adopted. However, in his letter to Chair man Randolph, Acting Secretary of War John J. McCloy added that the Budget Bureau advised that en actment of the proposed legislation, either in its present form, or amended as suggested, “should not be considered as being in accord with the program of the President.” Mr. Randolph introduced the bill last January after Dr. Beatrice B. Berle of the United States Public Health Service and Dr. Irma Bache, Army psychiatrist, had reported on numerous mental cases in Govern ment residence halls for women in nearby Arlington County. They protested that such patients found on the Government reserva tions could not legally be trans ported across the District line and that there were no available facil ities in Virginia within 100 miles. ■ REPAIRING I AND I REFINISHING M 723 12Hi St. N.W. i I 1 Opart Daily Until 6 PM., Thursday! Until S PM. I SHAH OPTICAL CO. I , Eyesight “The Hou* of Viaion” Exclusive I [Specialists 927 F Street N.W, Optics | |-—HOFFMANN^— UPHOLSTERERS and DECORATORS | f CO. 5116 2447-49 18th St. N.W. CO. 5116 SOFA ■)" CHAIH SHAMPOOED AND CLEANED RIGHT IN YOUR HOME $10°° WE ALSO CLEAN YOON BOGS B1CHT ON THE PHEN1SES REPAIRING . . . UPHOLSTERY ... SLIP COVERS p—The Hillyard Optical Co.’s Value— WHY THE . HILLYARD OPTICAL CO. IS ONE OF WASHINGTON'S LEADING OPTICAL ESTABLISHMENTS The name of Hillyard has been associated .with the optical profession for 47 years. We devote 100% of oar tima to the optical profession. The Hillyard Optical Co. is owned and operated by College Graduated Eyesight Special ists. In operating our awn shop we give you the most reasonable prices and quick est service for your optical needs. TWO CONVENIENT LOCATIONS HILLYARD OPTICAL CO. 711 G St. N.W. * 521 H St. N.S. Haws, S:30 AM. fa C PM. Haws. *:*0 AM. la 7 PM. Kb a result, they reported, one pa tient was confined in a jail. The War Department suggested substitute language for portions of the bill, saying some features of District law relating to the appre hension, care and detention of in sane persons would not be appli cable to the Pentagon area unless specifically made so. It also sug gested that members of the armed forces be exempted, since present Federal law provides that insane persons found in the services may be sent to St. Elizabeth's on orders of the Secretary of War or Navy. Chairman Randolph referred the letter to Corporation Counsel Rich mond B. Keech for comment. Extravagant spending of money at home results in an extravagant spending of blood In battle. Buy extra War Bonds today to keep our casualties to a minimum. Let's all back the attack. ADVERTISEMENT. Acid Indigestion RillariJ ia 5 miaataa or doablo jroar moatj bock WImb aaeaaa stoauck add eaoaaa Baleful. andaeaU lot CM. aaw atonarh and bean bum. doctors aseaUr •rsaertba ilia faataut-aetlng aadldoaa tasss ft* ayaseleasllc rslltf ■ ■adldpaa Ilk* tanka a OaU-aiM Tablate. No laxative Call-ana brlaca eaodon la a Mr at doable jour memo back SB sataia of koala keoa. Me at aU dmcglsM. fr*~ ■ Air Conditioned ■ iifM GLASSES WITH EXAMINATION OFFICE HOCKS— Doily 9 A M. to 6 P.M. 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