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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, August 21, 1944, Image 1

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Late New York Markets, Page A-11.
Guide for Readers
Page.
Amusements A-1Z
Comics .B-lc-ii
Editorials .A-6
Editor! Articles, A-7
Lost and Found, A-3
Finance .A-li
Pace.
Obituary .A-lt
Radio .B-ll
Society.B-3
Sports ...._A-8-8
Where to Go...B><
Woman’s Pace, B-S
An Associated Press Newspaper
92d YEAR, No. 36,636.
_WASHINGTON, D. C.t MONDAY, AUGUST 21, 1944—TWENTY-FOUR PAGES. ' ★★★
CltyHome DtHvery, Daily and Sunday BE /'tTTivrmC!
lOo a Mo.. When 6 Sundays, »0c ® VJliJN 1 o.
Bridgehead Set Up Across Seine,
Opening Path to Robot Coast;
Allied Flags Now Flying in Paris
U.S.Tank Columns
Advance on Both
Sides of Capital
BULLETIN.
UNITED STATES 3d ARMY
HEADQUARTERS UP). — The
United States 3d Army stormed
across the Seine today south
east and northwest of Paris.
One crossing was in the Fon
tainebleau area, 35 miles
southeast of Paris, and the
other between Paris and
Rouen.
(Map on Page A-2.)
By the Associated Press.
SUPREME ALLIED HEAD
QUARTERS, Aug. 21.—American |
armored columns speared on
both sides of Paris today and
Allied flags were reported al
ready flying in many parts of
the historic capital as an under- j
ground army staged a fierce re- j
volt in anticipation of early lib
eration.
American tanks established a firm
bridgehead across the Seine at:
Mantes, 25 miles northwest of Paris, j
opening a path to the flying bomb
coast 90 miles farther north, but
they were meeting heavy resistance;
in that direction.
Probing thrusts to the Seine in
the vicinity of Corbell. Melun and
Fontainbleau. points 15. 25 and 35 [
miles southeast of Paris put the
Allies in a position to sweep com
pletely around the city and toward
the World War battlefields of Reims.
Soissons and the Marne.
Chateau Thierry on the Marne
is 55 miles northeast of the 20-mile
Allied front, southeast of Paris.;
Soissons is 75 miles beyond Fon
tainbleau, Reims is 85 miles be
yond.
Vanguard Near Versailles.
Lt. Gen. George S. Patton's 3d
Army vanguards were fighting in i
the vicinity of Versailles. 10 miles
from the heart of Paris, meeting
only negligible resistance.
i The German news agency, i
DNB, said American reconnais
sance forces were in the suburbs
of Paris itself. >
It was announced today that Gen.
Patton's 3d Army in its sweep to
Paris had captured 49.650 Germans,
killed 11.025 and wounded 48.900—
a total of 109,575.
Now Gen. Patton’s invasion of the
territory north of the Seine at
End of War in Sight,
Montgomery Says in
Message to Troops
By thf Associated Press.
WITH BRITISH TROOPS
IN FRANCE, Aug. 21.—Gen.
Sir Bernard L. Montgomery
told his troops tonight:
"The end of the wai is in j
sight. Let us finish off the
business in record time.”
Gen. Montgomery's special I
message said the German
armies in Northwest France
had suffered a decisive defeat,
"There will be many sur
prises in store for the fleeing
remnants," he asserted, adding
that the victory had been "de
finite, complete and decisive.”
Mantes threatened new destruction
of Germans caught in a 75-mile
long corner below the bridgeless
river.
10.000 Caught in Pockets.
At least 10,000 men from the com
bat elemnts of possibly 18 enemy
divisions were caught in a succes
sion of pockets west and east of
Falaise and the total bag of Ger
mans killed and captured was likely
to total 36,000—equal to the number
captured in the Cotentin Peninsula.
While the Germans made wild
efforts to break out of the original
pocket, now reduced to an area
about 6 by 10 miles, British and
Americans were futting it to pieces.
Occagnes, Sentilly, Bailleul and
Goulet, all about 3 miles north of
Argentan, were captured in these
slashes.
The Canadians were busily en
gaged in punching a hole in the
Seine corner to the east, where new
pockets hiight be carved out. They
crossed the Touques River in a 2
mile advance just south of Lisieux.
Charging into the Allied bands;
of steel, the Germans made two vio
lent efforts to break out of these
traps, one last night and the other,
yesterday, field dispatches reported.
All-Night Battle.
Using about 70 tanks scraped up
from the elements of five divisions,
the Germans attacked from the
westernmost pocket below Falaise in
(See FRANCE, Page A-2.)
Subs Sink Cruiser,
18 Other Jap Craft
A Japanese light cruiser and an
escort vessel were among 19 ships
which the Navy Department today
reported were sunk recently by
American submarines stabbing deep
into enemy waters in the Pacific
and Far East. The list also in
cluded a large tanker.
In addition to the combatant ves
sels and tanker, the torpedoed
vessels included 3 medium-sized
cargo transports, 11 medium-sized
and 2 small cargo vessels. The
sinkings brought to 35 the number
of Japanese ships reported knocked
out of the enemy's sea-borne supply
lines this month.
Since Pearl Harbor American
submersibles have sunk, probably
sunk and damaged 858 Japanese
vessels. Of this total 706 have been
reported sunk, SI probably sunk and
115 damaged. *
*
k r
Second Wave of B-29s Sights
Fires Raging in Kyushu Plahts ,
Four Super Forts Lost in Double Blow
At Jap Homeland; 15 Fighters Downed
(Map on Page A-4.)
By the Associated Press.
B-29 bombers in the second
wave of yesterday’s double strike
at Japan reported sighting the
flames of destruction wrought
I by the daylight flight of Super
; Fortresses while still a half hour
! from the industrial targets at
Kyushu.
Four of the huge bombers were
lost to enemy action in the day raid
and none in the night attack by
the 20th Air Force. The important
Yawata industrial section was the
target of both flights, the first double
blow of the war on the Japanese
home islands.
The American planes shot down 15
enemy fighters, while 13 were prob
ably destroyed and 12 damaged.
The text of communique No. 10
iTom headquarters of the 20th Air
Force:
“Super Fortresses of the 20th
i Bomber Command in Sunday night's
attack again hit Japanese industrial
| targets in the Yawata area of the
! Japanese homeland island of Kyu
; shu following up the daylight attack.
! “Crews of the B-29’s on the night
mission reported that they could
see fires from the previous attack
burning 30 minutes before arriving
over the target. Bombing results
were reported -in preliminary esti
mates as fair. Enemy opposition
was rather light and anti-aircraft
fire was moderate and inaccurate.
15 Enemy Fighters Destroyed.
“Planes making the daylight at
tack met relatively strong fighter
opposition and revised estimates of
results showr 15 enemy fighter planes
i destroyed, 13 pro~bably destroyed and
(See'SUPER FORTR^SESTa^T
Nazis Trying to Cross
Seine Are Blasted
By Allied Planes
Four Principal Crossings
Also Hammered in
Low-Level Attacks
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, Aug. 21—RAF Mos
quitos and Mitchells raced up
and down the Seine River all
last night, bombing and strafing
Nazi river bank troop concen
trations and barges struggling
across the 200-yard water bar
rier which impedes Germans
fleeing Allied armies in France.
The Nazis’ four principal crossings
at Elbeuf, Duclair, Caudebec and
Quillebeuf. were hammered in flare
lit, tree-top level attacks as the
record scourge from the skies today
swept into its fifth day, despite
handicapping weather.
A line of barges extending for
three-fourths of a mile and report
edly salvaged from the abortive 1940
> campaign to invade England was
blasted near Quillebeuf. American
, fighter bombers in daylight and eve
ning attacks knocked out 20 others.
Many Vehicles Knocked Out.
A simultaneous night-long attack
, on the belt west of the Seine,
j through which the beaten Nazis are
streaming from the Falaise trap,
■ knocked out 136 vehicles and 16
j tanks to bring the day's total for
j both the RAF and the American Air
| Force to more than 350 vehicles and
nearly 100 tanks.
The original total barge force on
which the Germans are depending
for their miniature Dunkerque over
the bridgeless river was estimated
at 1,200 to 1,500. The Germans also
have used hinged pontoon bridges,
which swing buck against the shrub
I shrouded river bank in the daytime,
but these are very susceptible to
bombing.
The attacks are taking place a
scant 25 miles down the Seine from
the American bridgehead.
In addition, the United States 9th
Air Force fighter bombers and the
8th Fighter Command reported that
the 10-day score up to Saturday
night of German transport de
stroyed or damaged included 979
locomotives, 8,500 railroad cars.
1,253 road vehicles and 281 armored
vehicles.
RAF Blasts 114 Tanks.
RAF fighter bombers alorie re
ported 114 tanks destroyed or dam
aged yesterday.
Four squadrons of rocket-firing
Typhoons did a neat precision job,
breaking up the German effort to
smash out of the Falaise trap with
an assault by 20 to 30 massed tanks
toward Trun.
Carefully avoiding the almost in
terlocked Allied ground columns, the
Typhoons destroyed 12 tanks and
damaged 8 more.
The Germans throw in light aerial
opposition. Nine of their planes
were shot down, while the RAF lost
four planes from 861 sorties.
Three Nazi Divisions
Crushed by Soviets
South of Warsaw
Other Russians Yield
Slightly to Germans
On Baltic Front
By the Associated Press.
MOSCOW, Aug. 21.—Soviet
forces have smashed three Nazi
divisions in the Sandomierz sali- 1
ent below Warsaw, while other
Red Army units have yielded
slightly before costly German at- 1
tempts to rescue possibly 200,000
troops isolated on the Baltic
front, a Russian communique
announced today.
In the Warsaw sector, mean-,
while, Russian troops have driven
: closer to Praga. suburb to the east
of the city, and have captured some
I vhal positions to the northeast,
j front dispatches said.
Marshal Ivan S. Konev’s 1st
i Ukraine Army, thrusting up the
.west bank of the Vistula, liquidated
i the trapped Germans north of San-'
domierz.
“As the enemy refused to sur
render. most of the encircled enemyi
troops were killed." the Russian war
bulletin declared.
New Drive Possible.
, The victory freed Konev's forces
for a possible drive either southwest
on the rail fortress of Krakow', north
toward Warsaw, or directly west
I across the Polish plains tow ard Ger
man Silesia, which would snap the
Polish capital's communication lines.
The slight Red Army reverse oc
icurred in the Jelgava sector near the
! Gulf of Riga, where 1*4 Gentian
tanks and self-propelled guns were
i reported knocked out.
| (Today's German communique
said Nazi tank formations push
ing west of Tukums in Latvia had
crashed through the Soviet cor
. ridor to the Baltic west of Riga
and "re-established temporarily
lost contact” with the 30 or so
German divisions in Latvia and
Estonia.
The force of up to 300.000 Ger
mans were severed from land
communications several weeks
ago. The Germans said a naval
flotilla aided the tank force.)
In Estonia, Gen. Ivan Maslen
nikov s 3d Baltic Army, capturing
more than 150 populated places,
drove to within 7 miles of Tartu
on the Tallinn-Riga railway.
55 Miles From Riga.
Below the Estonian sector In
Latvia Gen. Andrei Yeremenko's
2d Baltic Army, sweeping up more
than 70 places, advanced to within
55 miles east of Riga with the
capture of Erglin on the Madona
Riga railway.
Maslennikov and Yeremenko w'ere
hammering back the snared Nazis
in the Baltics, cut off by Gen. Ivan
C. Bagramians 1st Baltic Army
drive which reached the Baltic Spa
25 miles west of Riga several weeks
ago.
Ever since this wedge was estab
lished beyond Riga the Nazis have
been hurling counterattacks in an
(See RUSSIA, Page A-*/)
Toulon Entered
\
As 7th Army
Extends Gains
Forward Elements
Are Only 9 Miles
From Marseille
FRENCH PATRIOTS TAKE TOU
LOUSE, now hold third of France.
Page A-2
BULLETIN.
ROME (A*>.—American forces
have captured Valensole, 50
airline miles north of Toulon.
The United States 7th Army
has entered Toulon. Forward
elements are 9 miles from
Marseille. On the coast east
of Toulon the French captured
the enemy stronghold of Re
don and Hotel de Golf, a mile
from Hyeres.
By the Associated Press.
ROME, Aug. 21.—Hard-driving
French troops virtually encir
cled Toulon, breaking through
to within 3 miles of the naval
base, while American infantry,
within 15 airline miles of Mar
seille. fanned out today through
the Durance Valley and headed
for the Rhone against disor
ganized enemy resistance.
The Americans sped forward on
both sides of the town of Pertuis, 11
miles north of Aix en Provence
across the Durance River, and
joined French patriots who had sur
rounded Nazi troops within the
town.
Another of Lt. Gen. Alexander M.
Patch s 7th Army American columns
charged on several miles to the
northeast of Aix, key junction of
seven highways, 15 miles north of
Marseille.
Another Unit in Outskirts.
Another unit was last reported in
the outskirts of Aix and today pos
sibly had completed occupation of
that town.
i The German radio said Allied
warships shelled Toulon yester
day. It claimed hits on one of
• several" battleships and one of
nine cruisers in the attacking
fleet by Nazi shore batteries,
which, it was claimed, also struck
a destroyer andjtorpedo boat.
'The German news agency
Transocean said La Ciotat, about
halfway between Marseille and
Toulon, was "heavily shelled by
an Allied invasion fleet and was
also bombed from the air.” The
agency speculated that “this may
indicate an Allied landing here.”)
A dispatch from Joseph Dynan.
Associated Press correspondent with
French troops driving on Toulon,
said French Commandos, joined
with patriot forces and former mem
bers of the French Navy, were dom
inating the Faron area just north of
Toulon.
The Nazi garrison in Hyeres, about
8'2 miles east of Toulon, was vir
tually isolated, Mr. Dynan said.
No Indication of Real Stand.
The Germans have given no indi
cation of strength or determination
to make a real stand in or near the
mouth of the Rhone Valley, the
natural invasion highway for a
juncture with Gen. Eisenhower in
Northern France.
Disorganization among the Ger
mans indicated the Nazi command
might be resigned to eventual
liquidation of the entire area and
can hope to salvage only a portion
of its beleaguered units.
The eastern sector of the bridge
head facing toward Cannes and the
Italian frontier was reported "mostly
stable,” without reference to new
gains.
In most sectors of the rapidly ex
panding Southern France bridge
head, the 7th Army followed the
effective tactic of by-passing enemy
strong points.
The count of prisoners passed the
14,000 mark and more were coming
in hourly.
German General Captured.
Among the newest captives were
Maj. Gen. Hans Schubert and his
entire staff of 6 officers and 30
men. Gen. Schubert, chief of a
district liaison staff, was described
<See RIVIERA, Page A-2J
IkkpoutJT
PRIWE CONFERENCE}
NO ADMITTANCE.
Uninvited Visitors to the Peace Discussions
Allied Warships Shell
Remaining Defenses
In Bayonne Area
German Forces Pull Out
South of Port, Leaving
Installations in Ruins
By the Associated Press.
IRUN. Spain, Aug. 21.—Three
light Allied cruisers shelled al
most nonexistent German de
fenses in the Bayonne area of
Southwestern France before
dawn today.
Spanish residents of this border
town 18 miles to the south had a
grandstand seat.
The cruisers which first patrolled
the coast south of Bordeaux evi
dently were feeling out German de
fenses. but drew only an occasional
reply from two or three coastal bat
teries near Bayonne. ,
Germans Pull Out.
South of Bayonne. Hitler's At
lantic Wall no longer exists, for the
Germans pulled out last night, leav
ing their defense works in ruins.
Meanwhile, an American motor
ized column was reported to have
passed through Angouleme. 130 giiles
south of Nantes on the Loire River
! and 165 miles northwest of Bayonne,
without encountering resistance on
i its way toward the Spanish frontier.
The three Allied warships were
plainly visible from the Spanish
coast when the fog veiling their
approach had lifted.
Shelling Lasts Half Hour.
They shelled the coast line me
: tnodically for more than half an
I hour. Splashes of shells in the
j war around the cruisers from the
light German counterflre were also
, seen, but no hits were observed.
The warships eeased fire about
,7:45 a m. and disappeared north
ward. but heavy explosions from the
1 Bayonne region continued as the
last remaining Germans apparently
| went on with a systematic destruc
tion of their fortifications.
Japanese Cruiser Sunk
Off China by U. S. Bomber
By the Associated Press.
CHUNGKING. Aug. 21—A Lib
erator bomber of the United States
j 14th Air Force has sunk a 14,200
| ton Japanese cruiser in a sweep off
the Chinese coast east of Hong
Kong, Gen. Joseph W. Stilwell's
headquarters announced today.
The attack took place Saturday,
the announcement said.
The Liberator made four bombing
runs over the cruiser, scoring three
direct hits and one probable, the an
nouncement said, and "on the fourth
run the crew saw the enemy war
ship sink.”
Invasion Veteran Killed
By Hit-and-Run Driver
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, Aug. 21.—A 23-.vear
old veteran of the Normandy inva
sion died yesterday—victim of an
automobile accident on a quiet road
in Long Island.
He was Pvt. Virgil T. Peavler of
Mooreland, Ind. Just 30 hours ear
lier he had been returned to this
country by ambulance plane to re
cuperate at a Long Island hospital
from injuries received In a motor
cycle crash near Cherbourg.
Associates Say Nelson's Trip
To China May Be Cut Short
Forecast Return Within a Month as Signs
Of Production, Reconversion Problems Grow
By JAMES Y. NEWTON.
Associates predicted today that
Chairman Donald M. Nelson of
the War Production Board will
return from China within- a
month, as signs multiplied that
neither war production nor the
reconversion program are run
ning smoothly.
Friends of the production chief
said that if the White House an
nouncement was correct—that Mr.
Nelson’s mission to Chungking with
Mai. Gen. Patrick J. Hurley would
require months to complete—it
would amount to virtual exile for
him so far as his leadership in
production and reconversion mat
ters are concerned. They said cir
cumstances would not permit Mr.
Nelson to be away from his desk
nearly that long.
Some officials said President
Roosevelt made a political blunder
in removing Mr. Nelson from his
job at this time. They pointed
out that Gov. Dewey has made re
conversion a major campaign issue
and that the China mission will not
hurt the governor's case.
In Mr. Nelson’s absence, WPB and
reconversion will be under the com-:
mand of Charles E. Wilson, WPB'
vice chairman, who has strongly 1
opposed most of the Nelson plans!
for early and gradual changeover i
of industry from war to peace. !
Members of Congress and asso
ciates of Mr. Nelson expressed sur
Iprise at his new assignment just
' 'See NELSON, Page A-4~> i
Pearl Harbor Facts
Will 'Shock World/
Church Tells House
Blames Washington;
Roberts Report Called
'Political Document'
By the Associated Press.
Representative Church, Re
publican, of Illinois told the
House today that the full story
of the Japanese attack on Pearl
Harbor ‘Vlll* shock the world”
and added: ,
“Washington was to blame."
Mr Church spoke in connection
I with a public letter addressed to1
■ Senator Truman. Democrat, of Mis
! souri by Rear Admiral Husband E.
Kimmel who was removed from i
! active command after the Pearl
Harbor disaster. Admiral Kimmel
told Senator Truman a report on!
the attack prepared under the chair
manship of Associate Justice Owen
J. Roberts of the Supreme Court i
"does not contain the basic truths
of the Pearl Harbor catastrophe” I
and that a magazine article by Sen
i ator Truman contained “false state- !
! ments."
Mr. Church told the House that
the lieutenant at Pearl Harbor who.
when informed by a private that
detectors indicated planes were ap
proaching, told the soldier to forget
it, was Kermit A. Tyler. Mr. Church
said that since Pearl Harbor Tyler
has been made a lieutenant colonel.
“Political Document.”
“The Roberts report is nothing
more than a political document,”
(See KIMMEL, Page A-4.)
Late Bulletin
OWbA Time Limit Voted
The House Ways and Means
Committee today voted tenta
tively to limit to one year after
the war the life of the Office
of War Mobilization and Re
conversion. Senate-approved
legislation, provides two years
of Government assistance for
reconversion processes. The
committee’s action is subject
to a later formal vote.
(Earlier Story on Page A-3.)
Willkie and Dulles i
Will Confer Today
On Security Plans
Neutralization of Ruhr
Is 'Must' Objective,
Dewey Declares
By J. A. O LEARY,
Star 8tmff Corresponden*.
NEW YORK CITY. Aug. 21.—
Although Wendell L. Willkie is
due to meet here today with Gov.
Thomas E. Dewey s spokesman
on international affairs, John
Foster Dulles, this move toward
co-operation between the two
Republican leaders on world
peace appears to have left un
answered the question of what
part Mr Willkie will take in this
year's presidential campaign.
This development overshadowed
Gov. Dewey's proposal to neutralize
the Ruhr Valley, industrial heart of
Germany, after the war.
The New York Governor revealed i
in Albany yesterday that he invited!
Mr. Willkie, 1940 Republican stand-!
ard bearer, to Join him in a discus
sion of foreign policy over the week
end, but the exchange of telegrams
was confined to international prob
lems and threw no light on Mr.
Willkie s campaign plans.
Mr. Dulles told reporters before he!
left Albany last night he hoped there
could be a joint statement of views
after the conversations. He will go
to Washington tomorrow to give
Secretary Hull a first-hand account
of Gov. Dewey's foreign policy be
liefs. Mr. Dulles also planned to
confer with Congress members.
Governor's Objective.
In a telephone conversation with
a reporter, Mr. Willkie seemed less
optimistic of concrete results. He
said he would not know until he
heard Mr. Dulles fully whether there
would be a basis for a joint pro
nouncement.
Gov. Dewey told reporters at a
news conference yesterday his ob
jective in speaking out at this time
on foreign policy was “to see that
every shade of opinion is represented
and the whole American people fully
(See WILLKIE, Page A-10.)
Terrible Slaughter of Germans Goes On as
Tolling Bells Call Norman Peasants to Mass
By THOMAS R. HENRY,
Star War Correspondent.
NEAR CHAMBOIS, UPPER NOR
MANDY, Aug. 20 (Sunday).—
Through most of the day I have
witnessed a scene of slaughter un
paralleled in this war. I am at a \
(artillery observation post on a hill,*
side covered with an apple orchard.
Just below, the bell of the old gray
steepled church is calling the Nor
[man peasants to Sunday mass in
| the midst of the cannons’ roar.
I Just below us, less than two miles
away, is a level valley four miles
wide, bounded by a range of black
hills beyond. Through the valley a
straight road runs northeast to the
crossroads town of Chambois. Along
this road at dawn German tanks,
trucks, command cars, ammunition
and troop carriers were coming
bumper-to-bumper from the south
west as far as the eye could see.
Among *them were columns of
marching men, columns on bicycles.
They were dashing for Chambois,
which they believed was a narrow,
unclosed gate out of an Allied trap
/
to safety. They don't know that
Chambois was taken last night by
the juncture of American infantry
and Polish tanks closing the trap.
Artillery Man's Paradise.
On this road many regiments of
American artillery, lined up behind
this observation post, were pouring
a hail of death every minute during
the morning. Several hundred tons
of shells of all sorts were poured on
this column. Perfect observation
made it an artillery man’s paradise.
Hardly any shells failed to find
their mark. The reports of the guns
behind were followed by geysers of
flame and great clouds *of black
smoke rising from the road. The
latter means we have hit a gasoline
wagon.
Most of the time the valley was
under a great black smoke cloud.
The enemy have taken shelter in
I the woods and ditches as the trans
ports are smashed. One can see
them through field glasses. Hun
dreds of transports are burning.
Enemy soldiers are rushing about
wildly. Below. American infantry
less than 500 yards from the road
is pouring into them a hail of mor
tar and machinegun fire.
The Germans have no time to Set
up guns. They run in one direction
and then in another like rats in a
trap. Prom the hills on the other
side Polish tanks are pouring fire.
Every now and then Germans crawl
through the wheat fields braving
death and holding aloft white shirts
or underwear as flags of truce.
Nasi Hospital Surrenders.
When these are seen the artillery
fire is shifted, allowing them to
make the American lines. Shortly
before noon all fire is lifted as a
German doctor crawls through and
contacts the Americans, saying that
a field hospital with more than 300
wounded is caught helpless under
fire and wants to surrender.
Arrangements are made for a
temporary armistice. The hospital,
with more than 90 vehicles, comes
out. The ambulances are wrapped
in Red Cross flags. But most of
the wounded are piled on floors of
trucks.
The hospital is set up next to the
American field hospital and more
than 2,000 prisoners taken during
the morning are combed for medical
personnel. Henceforth all German
wounded coming into American
hanfls are taken to this hospital
and tended by their own doctors.
While the fire is suspended other
prisoners are fcent in with an ofTer
to the general commanding an in
fantry division, one of the outfits in
the pocket, that the Americans
would leave a mile-wide path out
of the valley free of fire for an hour
if he wanted to bring out all his
troops to surrender.
20,000 Naxis Trapped.
The emissaries were covered with
machine gups all the way in. But
they did not return from the valley
slaughterhouse. The Germans are
surrendering only in small groups
of 20 to 100 at a time. Evidently the
German general ordered a fight to
death.
This afternoon fierce shelling re
sumes. It is belidved that there are'
about 20,000 troops in the traps, with I
vast amounts of supplies. They are
all part of Gen. Guenther von
Kluge's 7th Army.
This group ahead is under the di
rect command of Gen. Hauaser of
a German paratrooper division, who
himself evidently escaped from the
trap last night before the closing of
the Chambois gap.
His orderly and a first sergeant in
the following car were captured. Last
night the German general who re
fused to surrender today also tried
to escape with his staff, riding in
five tanks. But they were turned back
by artillery fire. Some enlisted men
were captured.
Slawghter Is Terrible.
The trap was closed by troops with
a special hatred of the German com
mander. “That's for the general,”
is a common remark as Long Tom
shells explode in the valley. Pris
oners report the slaughter in the
valley is terrible. They crawl out
dazed and covered with blood. All
4
are shaking ana some are speechless.
It is hard to imagine anything re
maining long alive under such fire.
The Are falls off early in the evening.
All day long I saw only two German
return artillery shots, probably from
mortars.
There was a dramatic incident this
evening when Polish tanks which
came in from the north cut off from
supplies behind and needing ammu
nition. An American truck convoy
loaded with ammunition and gaso
line made a dash througlr Chambois
under German artillery fire to aid
our Allies.
And there was a dramatic moment
last night when Pole and American
patrols met and shook hands in
Chambois. It meant the inner trap
was closed.
The kill falls appropriately to a
lot of men who have suffered prob
ably the most severe casualties of
any American outfit to date. They
now have Jerry in a noose after a
classic march of close to 300 miles
in a near circle—fighting most of
the way and determined on revenge.
Parley Speakers
Pledge Voice to
little Nations"
All Agree on Usel
Of Military Power
To Curb Aggressors
(Text of Hull’s Remarks, Page A-9.)
By JOSEPH H. BAIRD.
. Th£ *?°pe of a peaceful world
in which aggressors of the Nazi
Fascist type would be kept'sub
jugated by the united military
power of orderly nations was of
fered today as the postwar se
curity conversations opened at
Dumbarton Oaks.
In their opening talks the* heads
of the American, Russian and Brit
ish delegations agreed that to be
successful the postwar peace organ
ization would have to be based on
full rights for smaller peace-loving
nations.
As soon as the present conversa
tions are concluded, the Anglo
American nations will start talks
with China. These parleys are to be
followed by a United Nations con
ference next fall.
Hull Sounds Keynote.
Secretary of State Hull sounded
this keynote of the conference:
“It is generally agreed that any
peace and security organization
! would surely fail unless backed by
, force to be used ultimately in case
of failure of all other means for
the maintenance of peace,
j "That force must be available
promptly, in adequate measure, and
with certainty.”
Mr. Hulls words found immedi
ate support from Sir Alexander
Cadogan. head of the British dele
gation. who declared:
“* * * It is only by the victors re
maining both strong and united
that peace can be preserved.”
Gromyko Sees Early Victory.
The Soviet spokesman. Ambassa
dor Andrei A. Gromyko, predicting
success of the gathering declared
that “freedom and independence’’
for the peoples of the world could
be preserved only if the future inter
national security organization uses
“effectively all resources in posses
sion oi members ot the organiza
tion." .
The Soviet Ambassador predicted
that victory “was not far off.” The
combined efforts of all the freedom
loving countries of the world" will
force Nazi Germany to her knees,"
he declared. The unity of the Allies
now being displayed in the struggle
against Germany was taken by the
Ambassador as a "guarantee that
the present exploratory discussions
will bring positive results."
Both the American and British
spokesmen agreed that real peace
must be based not on a mere ab
sence of wir but also on a world
system under which, as Sir Alex
ander put it, "freedom from fear
and freedom from want must, so far
as hlman agency can contrive it,
move forward simultaneously.”
Assurance was given the con
ferees by the British spokesman
that preconference exchanges of
ideas among the three powers had
convinced him that they already
agreed on many important points.
He urged them to work rapidly, so
as to have a plan ready when
peace dawns in Europe.
Session Open to Press.
The opening meeting today was
held in the former music room of
the ancient Georgian mansion, which
has been loaned to the conference
by Harvard University, its owners.
Today's session was open to the
press. Hereafter the delegates will
meet secretly, their isolation main
tained by American military police
who have been posted at all en
trances to the estate.
More than 200 persons, rites&lf
newspapermen and photographers,
were gathered in the conference
room as the delegates took their
seats around the table at 10:30 a.m.
Mr. Hull, Undersecretary of State
Stettinius, Sir Alexander. Ambassa
dor Gromyko and the Earl of Hali
fax. the British Ambassador, sat at
the head of the table.
Arranged halfway down the
U-shaped table on the right of these
dignitaries were members of the
Russian delegation. The British
representatives were similarly placed
on the left side. The American
representatives occupied the ends on
either side of the table.
Mr. Hull spoke first, extending a
welcome to the British and Russians
on behalf of President Roosevelt.
Gromyko Speaks in English.
He was followed by Mr. Gromyko, _
who spoke slowly but distinctly in'
English, responding to the secw?
tary’s welcome and declaring Russia
solidarity with its allies and plans
to extend present co-operation in
the postwar world.
Sir Alexander was the last to
speak.
While the three statesmen were
speaking a large battery of moving
cameras, placed in an alcove off
the room, ground away steadily re
cording the scene for history. More
(See SECURITY, Page A-5.)
Four Cars of Explosives
Derailed Near Baltimore
BALTIMORE, Aug. 21. —Eight
Pennsylvania Railroad freight cars,
four of them loaded with explosives,
were derailed last night at Cheseco
Park, north of here.
Main freight lines were tied up
more than an hour while wrecking
crews got the cars back on a siding,
where they had been switched from
a freight train.
Bar Exam Results m
The names of the 70 candi
dates who passed their exam
inations for admission to the
bar of District Court will be
found on page A-9.
The list was made public
today by the Committee on
Admissions and Grievances,
District Court, on the basis
of the bar examination held
June 26-28.

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