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- 4 _Late New Tork Markets, Poga A-II._ Guide for Readers rage. Alter Dark Amusement_A-l# Comics.B-10-1I Editorials.A-6 Editor! Articles, A-7 Finance .A-ll rage. Lost and Found, A-3 Obituary.A-lt Radio .B-li Society.B-3 Sports .A-l-l Woman’s Page. B-7 An Associated Press Newspaper y’Jd IJiiAK. JSo. 3b,t)37 WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, AUGUST 22, 1944—TWENTY-FOUR PAGES. ★★★ City Home Delivery. Daily and Sunday aj prVTS! 80c a Mo.. When 8 Sundays, 80c ® Patton Opens Drive Down Seine As Other Forces Press Inland; Nazi Escape Route Cut at Toulon __A ✓ 4 Armies Fashion New Pocket for Fleeing Enemy By the Associated Press. SUPREME ALLIED HEAD QUARTERS, Aug. 22.—American columns struck powerfully down the Seine River today, and three other Allied armies wheeled in land from the west in a gigantic new pincers designed to trap battered, disorganized Germans fleeing to the bridgeless riv«\ Supreme headquarters, disclosing the fresh cutoff operation, declared 1.200 enemy tanks had been de stroyed or damaged since D-day armored strength equivalent to six and one-half Nazi Panzer divisions —and field estimates said more than 300.000 Germans had been put out of action in Western France since June 6. The Argentan-Falaise pocket is yielding at least 100.000 Germans captured, killed and wounded, ac cording to best available informa tion. The American 3d Army in 21 days of vast, speedy flanking opera tions accounted for more than 100.000 more. As many more were eliminated earlier in Normandy. Drive Northwestward. Lt. Gen. George S. Patton's 3d Army pounded northwestward along the looping Seine from its bridge head at Mantes-Gassicourt. 25 miles4 northwest of Paris, bringing in the eastern arm of the pincers on Ger man 7th Army remnants stumbling back to the Seine and seeking to escape by ferries, small boats and even swimming. Canadian. British and American armies striking eastward in this en-. veloping push gained up to 10 miles, j Heavy fighting was reported in the Paris area. American forces met heavy resistance at Etampes, 27 j miles south of Paris. (Berlin announced evacuation of both Etampes and Malesher bes. 36 miles below Paris and 14 southwest of the American bridgehead across the Seine at Fontainebleau. The Germans said probing thrusts in the Orleans area southwest of Paris were checked.! Orleans was under shellfire and mere was ngnnng at Rambouillet. 22 miles southwest of Paris. ! Since June 6 the Allies have counted 700 destroyed enemy tanks behind their lines and 500 damaged tanks. Others remain to be tallied. Nazis Enable to Make Stand. Front dispatches declared the Germans were so disorganized they had been unable to make any co-1 ordinated stand or. launch strong i counterthrusts. The Canadian 1st Army advanced \ 4 to 10 miles on a 50-mile front be tween the sea and Argentan, Bel gian units took Cabourg on the Dives Estuary, 16 miles across water front Le Havre. Dutchmen fought in the outskirts of Houlgate. British troops, gaining 10 miles, seized Gace, 15 miles east, of Argentan. The American 1st Army also was pound ing in toward the Seine. Germans being trapped in the new i pocket w'ere surrendering "by pla-' toons," a Canadian officer declared. Thirty thousand prisoners already* have been taken in the Falaise trap.1 with thousands more surrendering. The dead were yet uncounted. Pocketed Germans have been virtu ally wiped out. Thorough Shellacking. Front dispatches said Marshal Guenther von Kluge presumably had pulled out a large part of his forces, but they were by no means saved as yet. "They have taken a thorough shellacking, and they know it,” said one American officer. The Germans lost 30 tanks and 16 planes trying to protect forces fleeing north of the Seine above Mantes, front reports said. The Americans strengthened their grip here, and patrolled southeastward toward Paris. Substantial gains were scored southwest of Paris. Reports that French patriots were seizing city after city in Central and Southern France, including' Lyon, gave a clear indication that I the Gestapo - dominated German1 high command was capable of offer-* tng organized resistance to the Allies only in Northwestern France. Flank Positions Tightened. In the area of Dreux, 45 miles southwest of the heart of Paris, Gen. Pattons troops also tightened their 'See FRANCETPage A-47) Cardinal Maglione Dies; Papal Secretary of State By the Associated Press. ROME. Aug. 22.—Luigi Cardinal Maglione, papal Secretary of State. | died last night at Casoria, 6 miles north of Naples, after an illness of several weeks. He was 67 years old. Vatican officials said death re sulted from neuritis. They dis-: closed that the cardinal had left the Vatican for his home in Casoria in July on the advice of physicians after three years of unremitting service. He had been a cardinal since 1935 and papal Secretary of State since 1939. Previously he had served as papal nuncio in Paris and Switzer land. Mentioned as possible successors to Cardinal Maglione are Giuseppe Cardinal Pizzardo, formerly of the stale secretariat and now prefect of the Congregation of Seminaries and Universities; Msgr. Domenico Tardins, secretary for extraordinary efTairs in the state secretariat; Msgr. Alfredo Ottaviani, formerly itate undersecretary, and Msgr. Filippo Bernardini, papal nuncio in Switzerland and nephew of the late leeretary of state, Pietro Cardinal Gasparri. WHERE ALLIES GAIN IN BATTLE OF FRANCE—Arrows locate Allied drives in France, including crossings of the Seine River north and south of Paris. Distance indicators show the Allies in Southern and Northwestern France are about 330 miles apart, while the advance across the Seine at Fontainebleau is about 180 miles from the German homeland. —A. P. Wirephoto. Petain and Friends Reported Arrested By Vichy Gestapo Advices Say Marshal Was Removed Quickly To Unknown Location By tljf Associated Press. GENEVA, Aug. 22— German secret police arrested Marshal Henri Philippe Petain, French chief of state, at his residence and headquarters at the Hotel du Parc in Vichy, advices from France said today. The 88-year-old marshal, hero of Verdun in the World War and head ,of the German-dominated Vichy government of France since 1940. was reported seized Sunday morn ing along with a number of asso ciates. Others reported arrested were a Gen. Bridoux. possibly the Vichy War Secretary Lt. Gen. Eugene Bridoux; an Admiral Blehaut, one Rochat. general secretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and Bernard Menetrel, private secretary to Petain. Refused to Accompany Laval. The most- reliable sources said Petain refused a German request to go with Pierre Laval, chief of government, to the new provisional capital at Belfort, and that the old marshal was summarily arrested by | force. Where he is was not known absolutely, although most guesses [were that he is in Germany. Thus, he became officially what he has been in effect for a long time—a prisoner of the Nazis. The Vichy regime is “finished," the Basel National Zeitung com mented. The Swiss Minister to Vichy is returning home and reT lations concerning France hence forth will be conducted through Berlin. Reports from the French under ground said the Maquis were at tacking Vichy at about the time of the seizure of Petain and the others had actually taken parts of the pro visional capital and were arresting collaborationists. The swift reported action of the Gestapo seemed an indication that the Germans placed no trust in the marshal. Transferred Swiftly. Petain was arrested so swiftly he i was not given time to shave and taken to an unknown destination. <A Swiss radio broadcast said Petain “was able to write a short letter of farewell, copies of which are circulat/ig in France.” The broadcast, recorded by OWI, said its information came from most reliable quarters.”) On D-day. when Gen. Elsenhower invaded Northern France, the mar shal. in a terse broadcast, told Frenchmen not to help the invaders. ; He frequently complained bitterly against Allied air attacks in France. Last New Year, he exchanged greet ings with Emperor Hirohito of Japan. Nazi Spokesman Denies Information on Petain LONDON. Aug. 22 (/P).—A Ger man Foreign Office spokesman re fused to give any hint today where Marshal Petain had been taken. The spokesman was quoted by the Berlin radio as saying some “differences” existed between Chief of Government Laval and his cab inet colleagues, but added: “The immediate danger has strengthened them mutually." Biddle Plans to Reopen 27 Antitrust Suits By the Associated Press. LOS ANGELES. Aug. 22.—Prose cution of 27 antitrust cases, held in abeyance because of the war, will be instituted by the Justice De partment during the next six months. Attorney General Biddle said yesterday. Maquis Are Reported In Fierce Battle for Belfort, Laval Haven Heavy Fighting Also Is Declared Under Way for Control of Other Cities Bl the Associated Press. LONDON, Aug. 22.—French Maquis and the Germans were ; reported by the Algiers radio to | day to be locked in “fierce flght | ing'’ inside the Maginot Line city of Belfort, where Pierre Laval scurried from Vichy with unarrested ministers to estab lish a new seat of the Nazi-con trolled French government. Swiss reports said the Germans were moving 20.000 to 30,000 troops from interior France to Belfort to defend a gateway to the Rhineland and preserve a foothold on French soil for Laval. Heavy fighting between Patriots and occupants also w’as reported in Bellegrade in Southern France, where both Germans and the i Maquis were reinforced. Fighting In Paris Spreads. In Paris, fighting was reported by the Swiss radio to be "increasing hourly in violence" while American armor probed at the outskirts. The French forces of the interior said more than half of all France <212.000 square miles) was under control of the Allies or Patriots. The FFI appealed to all Fighting French commanders to protect radio trans mitters, cables and telephones which the fleeing Germans might be try ing to destroy.” This was a curious reversal of roles—only a week or so ago, the Maquis still were wreck ing communications to hamper Ger man military operations. Gen. Joseph Pierre Koenig, FFI commander and De Gaulle-ap pointed Military Governor of Paris, declared "the hour of liberation is near.” In Marseille, second city of France and her greatest seaport, the Maquis were reported striking at German strong points. Attack Nazi Garrisons. From the Swiss border to the | Spanish Pyrennes the FFI were i declared attacking isolated German garrisons. The Swiss radio said the Maquis had seized the Ameri can-threatened French Riviera city of Nice, fifth largest in France with 242.000 population. Through the Brazzaville radio the French warned German com manders they will be held personally accountable for atrocities and mal treatment of prisoners in concen tration camps. A communique from Gen. Koenig asserted that all roads which might have been used by the Nazis as escape routes had been cut between (See MAQUIS, Page A-4.) I ► — ■ - I French Troops Fully Encircle Port by Land By the Associated Press. ROME, Aug. 22.—F r e n c h troops of the 7th Army have fully encircled Toulon by land, cutting the last escape route for German garrison forces still re sisting inside the fixed fortifica tions of the big Mediterranean naval base, Allied headquarters announced today. While an Allied naval armada offshore and land batteries on the nortlk hurled shells against enemy strongpoints, the French infantry men advanced through the outskirts of the Southern France port in house-to-house fighting. Meanwhile American troops swept steadily westward well to the north west of Toulon in a drive which, unless halted, soon will Isolate Mar seille, France’s second city. French forces were within 8 miles of Mar seille on the east. Yanks 60 Miles Inland. Still other American spearheads on the east reached points 60 miles Inland, and headquarters announced that the Allied grip on Southern France now had been expanded to more than 2.000 square miles—an area more than double that of the beachhead late last week. A substantial extension of Allied territory was reported on the north, with American troops capturing the towns of St. Julien and Barreme in the Basses Alps. 35 and 43 miles northwest of Cannes and more than 60 from Cannes. Encirclement of Marseille ap peared to be a matter of hours. From the last announced point of advance west of Aix-en-Provence the Americans needed to strike less than a dozen miles southwest to get astride the coastal roads west of the big port. Patch Urges N# Let-Down. Lt. Oen. Alexander M Patch In an order of the day to all his 7th Army declared: "Hie enemy in our area is per plexed and stunned. Except for his coastal defense forces he is in full retreat. “I therefore call upon every offi cer and every man, regardless of fatigue or possible shortages of food and equipment, for uninterrupted continuation of their maximum energy and endurance so that the enemy may not have time to re cover. "Reject every temptation which could possibly interfere with this crucial duty. The opportunity for a decisive result is in front of us and we must and will move with the ut most speed and effectiveness.” After occupying the important communications center of Aix-en Provence, 15 miles due north of Marseille, American doughboy; still were charging on and bv middav yesterday were 2 miles along the road to the west. Trap Being Set for Nat is. This spearhead and the French thrust on Marseille from the east s' drive which already had passed through Aubagne—were steadily set ting up a trap for the Germans re maining in that French city, second only to Paris in size. Front dispatches said the Ger mans had set a forest fire east of Marseille in an effort to check the French. North of Aix-en-Provence, which commands a trunk highway leading directly south into Marseille, a 7th Army column advancing westward along the south bank of the Dur ance River reached the vicinity of Le Puy yesterday morning and managed to retain some contact with an enemy force retreating to (See RIVIERA, Page A-5.) Britain-Based Planes Grounded by Weather By (he Associated Press. LONDON, Aug. 22.—Britain-based Allied airmen, largely grounded yes terday, remained immobilized by adverse weather during the night and there was no indication when they might resume their devastating assaults upon the retreating German armies in Northern France. The German radio, however, re ported Allied bomber formations over Hungary this morning, indicat ing the Mediterranean air forces were busy., Some daylight raiders, a Berlin broadcast said, penetrated into Ger man Silesia. The Germans also reported bomb ers ever Vienna. v Stanton, CAA Chief, Demotes Self to Aide to Keep Status ine White House today an nounced the resignation of Charles I. Stanton as civil aeronautics ad ministrator and the appointment of Theodore P. Wright to succeed him. Mr. Stanton is relinquishing his post to become deputy administra tor of the CAA because he wants to return to a status in which he will retain his civil service rights. Mr. Wright now is on duty with the aircraft resources control office of the War Department and the War Production Board and expects to assume his new duties about Sep tember 1. In a letter accepting Mr. Stan ton’s resignation the President praised his “excellent work” and said: "Rest assured, I appreciate the splendid services that you have rendered and the devotion you have given to our aviation industry in your many years with the Govern ment." Mr. Stanton said that up to the time of his appointment. May 27, 1942, his more than 20 years of serv ice in the development of civil avia tion had been as a civil service career man interested particularly in airway development. He concluded: ‘‘So if satisfactory arrangements can now be made to that end, I would like to return to my previous duties in the Civil Aeronautics Ad ministration as deputy administrator where I can devote all of my time to the development of the opera tional and technical problems.” The President's letter disclosed that the appointment of Mr. Wright had been suggested by Secretary of Commerce Jones. President's Statement Fails to Alter Senate Plans to Quiz Nelson War Investigating Group^ Wants to Learn Attitude In WPB on Reconversion By the Associated Preps. Senate War Investigating Com-1 mittee members went ahead to day with plans to question WPB1 Chairman Donald M. Nelson, despite President Roosevelt’s statement that Mr. Nelson's | ■ temporary mission’’ to China in no way alters WPB reconver sion policies. Senator Ferguson, Republican, of Michigan said he and other Sena tors were disposed to accept the Presidents statement at its “face value." but "we want to And out how strong others at the WPB are for Mr. Nelson’s plans for limited civilian production.” To that end, he said, the com mittee also plans to question Charles E. Wilsoa. executive vice chairman of the WPB. who will be in charge during Mr. Nelson’s absence. Committee Counsel Rudolph Hal ley reportedly was trying to arrange a closed session for tomorrow. No Change in WPB Policy. The President's statement late yesterday said that any impression that Mr. Nelson's ‘‘temporary mis sion to China indicates a change in policy in the War Production Board is entirely unfounded.” Chairman Nelson recently emerged victorious in a long struggle with the Army and Navy, anouncing plans to resume limited production of hun dreds of civilian articles in non- j critical labor areas. "Mr. Nelson's mission.” the presi- i dent's statement asserted, "is nec essarily confidential. I regret that more about the work assigned to him cannot be said at this time. When it is possible to tell the whole story, those who charge he is being 'kicked in the teeth’ will realize how wrong I and unjust they have been—what a disservice they have rendered their country and Mr. Nelson personally.” The statement that Mr. Nelson had been “kicked in the teeth” was attributed to one of his WPB asso ciates. Mr. Nelson himself was rep resented as being fully satisfied after issuance of the President’s state ment. Will Require About Three Weeks. The President's statement was re ported to have followed conferences' between Mr. Nelson and W’hite House aides. Mr. Nelson was understood to have emerged with the impression his mission would require no longer than the three weeks or thereabouts which he originally felt necessary. A much longer stay had been indi cated in a White House statement issued Saturday night, which said Mr. Nelson and Maj. Gen. Patrick J. Hurley would remain in China "several months” in conferences with Generalissimo Chiang Kai shek. Meanwhile, Representative Voor his, Democrat, of California, told the House he was "profoundly con cerned” over the choice of Mr. Nelson for the journey. “So much of the hopes of small business and the entire future of our economy depends on him,” Mr. Voorhis said. "I earnestly wish some one else had been chosen to make the trip." A member of the Senate War In vestigating Committee, who asked that his name be withheld, said "if it is production they want in China, why don’t they send Mr. Wilson, who is a production expert?” Temperature Will Rise Despite Light Rainfall The light rainfall which Wash ington received early today will have no effect on the temperature, which is expected to rise through out the day, the Weather Bureau forecast. The temperature was 67 degrees at 8:30 a.m., but the forecaster pre dicted an increase to about 86 be fore night. The maximum tem perature yesterday was 87 degrees at 4:30 pm. Hull Promises to Keep Congress Informed on Postwar Talks Possibility of Eliminating Security As Issue in Campaign Is Seen DUMBARTON OAKS CONFEREES begin task of drafting world se curity plan. Page B-l By the Associated Press. Secretary of State Hull as sured members of Congress to day they would be kept informed of the progress of peace talks at the tri-power Dumbarton Oaks Conference. Mr. Hull sent that word to make certain, members said, that none of the Democratic or Republican lead ers would feel slighted for n«t hav ing been invited to the preliminary conversations. Secretary Hull explained that the United States-British-Russian meet ing is "technical" and that when matters of ••policy" become involved he would continue his practice of advising the lawmakers. Meanwhile, the impending confer ence between Mr. Hull and John Poster Dulles, foreign policy adviser to Gov. Thomas E. Dewey, stimu lated discussion on Capitol Hill on the possibility of eliminating post war peace policy as a political issue. Senator George, Democrat, of Georgia, chairman of a special Sen ate Postwar Committee, said he i thought the meeting of the two. ; representing the adagrfotatration and the Republican presidential candi i date, will be “most helpful to the 1 country.” It should result, he said, in "an agreement on the main pro J'See HULL, Page A-2 > Senators Criticize Army's Acquisition Of Breakers Hotel 'High-Handed' Methods On Palm Beach Property Charged in Report fcy the Associated Press. The Senate War Investigating Committee today declared the Army's original acquisition of the luxurious Breakers Hotel, Palm Beach, Fla., was “high-handed and arbitrary” and its recent de cision to abandon the property is “not justified by the facts.” The Army has announced that the hotel, now being used as the Ream General Hospital, will be abandoned on September 1 and returned to the owners by Decem ber 14. “It appears the property is being abondoned because the War Depart ment discovered it to have been a very poor original transaction * • • which was found to be too expen sive.” the committee stated in a special report. "But the reasons given for its abandonment are not convincing. The loss would be in curred, whether or not the property was returned. “However, pressure from civilian groups to return the hotel, added to the fact that the entire property * * * was a poor original invest ment, apparently prompted the War Department to return it.” The committee also said that after the decision to abandon the Break ers the Army, “ in order to provide sufficient additional general hospital beds, placed in operation a barracks type hospital at Camp Atterbury, Ind., * * * which in location and general construction does not com pare with the Breakers.” Reporting the Army used a court order to take over the hotel Decem ber 12, 1942, the committee added: “The manner of acquisition, as in the case of other hotel properties in the Florida area, was high-handed ind arbitrary. The officers in charge of the take-over acted on very short notice with practically nb considera tion for the owners. “The officers in charge valued the hotel entirely too low. ’ "The Breakers should not be abandoned at this time in view of the large financial obligation which was incurred.” Jury Recalls Union Leader In Transit Strike Probe By the Associated Press. PHILADELPHIA, Aug. 22 —A un ion leader who alleged "enemy ac tivity’* and "company collusion” caused the August 1-7 Philadelphia transit strike was recalled today by a special Federal grand jury investi gating the strike. James . J. Fitzslmon, Interna tional vice president of the Trans port Workers’ Union, who testified for three hours yesterday, was sum moned as the jury reconvened. The TWU condemned the walkout, ostensibly caused by the upgrading of Negroes to operating jobs, and Mr. Fitzslmon ordered the workers to return. The Philadelphia Transpor tation Co. refused comment on his a negations. Curb Is Voted On Retraining Of Civilians By the Associated Press. The House Ways and Means Committee today struck from the Senate-approved demobilization and reconversion bill all provisions for postwar retraining and re-employ ment of civilian workers. The action eliminates, subject to future House action, the Senate pro vision for transportation costs of up to *200 for return of migrated civilian workers and their families "to the location of their bona fide residence.” This does not. however, disturb the wartime retraining and re employment program created by | executive order and headed by Brig. | Gen. Frank T. Hines. Likewise, re I training and re-employment of war veterans were not disturbed. Shepard Nominated As Recorder of Deeds President Roosevelt today sent to the Senate the nomination of the Rev. Marshall L. Shepard of Phila delphia to be the District's recorder of deeds. The post was left vacant last week by the death of William J. Thompkins. The nominee has been active in Democratic politics during the past three presidential campaigns, serv ing as chief of the Speakers' Bu reau. colored division, of the Dem ocratic National Committee For the past 18 years Mr. Shepard has been pastor of the Mount Olivet Tabernacle Baptist Church in Phil adelphia. Previously he was assist ant pastor of the Abyssinian Baptist Church in New York City. For a number of years Mr. Shep ard was active in social, political and religious life in New York col ored circles and served as secretary of the Harlem branch of the YMCA A native of Oxford, N. C., he is 49 years old. The nomination was referred to the Senate District Committee, headed by Senator Bilbo, who is recuperating from a serious illness and is not expected back until No vember. Britain Suffers Heavy Nighf Attack by Robots By the Associated Press. LONDON, Aug. 22.—The Nazis pounded London and the southern counties with flying bombs through out the night as rescuers dug by the light of flares for victims of yester day’s heavy robot attacks, which took a tragic toll of life and prop erty. Despite the severity of the at tacks, government efforts to per suade nonessential persons to leave the London area continued to meet with a cool response, apparently due to a growing popular conviction that the end of the war is near. Jt was feared a heavy toll of life was taken when one of the robots struck an apartment house last night, burying many of the occu pants under the debris. Rescuers still were working with cranes this morning to lift great blocks of masonry. Nazis Evacuate Iasi, Ex-Capital Of Romania Berlin Radio Tells Of Big Red Drive; Bug River Crossed By the Associated Press. LONDON, Aug. 22.—Iasi, fourth largest city of Romania and capital of that country <be fore the government moved to Bucharest, has been evacuated before a fresh Russian offensive in the south, the Germans an nounced late today. Iasi, formerly known as Jassy, lies west of the Prut River ;*id is a meeting point of railways linking Eastern Romania and the Soviet claimed providence of Bucovina. A city with a population of 104,472, Iasi lies 165 miles northwest of the great Ploesti oil center and 120 miles north of Galati. strategic city on the lower Danube. A Russian plunge to Galati would make much of the Balkans untenable for German de fense. Berlin reported Iasi was demol ished in part to reduce its military usefulness The Germans said the Russians were attacking with eight to ten di visions along a 100-mile Romanian front extending from Iasi to the Tiraspol region near the Dnestr to the southeast. Moscow has reported no fresh of fensive in Northern Romania, which the Red Army invaded durihg the winter campaign. Germany has been reporting the new offensive for several days. A Berlin broadcast said the Rus sians had "succeeded in widening their breaches” at other undisclosed points in a dual offensive on both sides of Iasi and on the lower Dnestr River. Russian Forces Storm Across Bug River MOSCOW, Aug. 22 OP).—Russian troops stormed across the Bug River northeast of Warsaw today in a grave new flanking threat in the prolonged siege of the Polish capital and battled hastily mustered Ger man reserves on the west bank of the river. The sweep across the Bug came a few hours after a Soviet midnight communique announced that the Germans had won back a land con nection with two battered Baltic armies, isolated for three weeks in Estonia and Latvia. However, the enemy may use the corridor for an escape attempt to East Prussia, rather than for reinforcement. The forcing of the Bug, which flows into the Vistula 28 miles above Warsaw, posed a threat to cross the largef river. Marshal Konstantin Rokossovsky's regrouped and rein forced group of armies pushed two Russian columns toward the con fluence of the streams. He pushed ahead against furious German counterattacks from 50 recaptured villages in what appeared to be the most serious threat to Warsaw in nearly two weeks. Nazis Pour in New Troops. An Izvestia dispatch from “north east of Praga.” the industrial east ern suburb of the Polish capital, said the Germans had introduced a new tank division from Italy and several divisions from other sectors, including Germany itself. Nazi counterattacks were report ed strongly supported by their air force, by large concentrations of artillery and by groups of 100 to 120 tanks which came in “wave after wave, 10 or 12 times a day,” Izvestia said. Another and growing threat to Warsaw was in the Sandomierz re gion across the Vistula 100 to 110 miles southeast. The survival of only 1,550 prisoners, with the final killing of 12,000 in the Sandomiers ! trap, where three divisions were en j circled, was considered confirmation ! of the great shrinkage in Hitler'a I divisions. Red Offensive in Romania. (Today's German communique said strong Russian tank and in fantry forces were on the offen sive in Romania, attacking south west of Tiraspol and between the Prut and Sereth Rivers.) Red Star, in a‘dispatch datelined "at the German border,” where the Russians last week reached the frontier River Szeszuppe. said: “The enemy is dislodged from" his last lines. We repulsed him beyond the river on the other side of the border. Scores of villages have been burned to ashes by the Germans and the liberation of hundreds of Soviet citizens who escaped their captors and hid in the forests has taken place. Now the population moves eastward.” There was no official announce ment that the Red Army actually had crossed the East Prussian frontier. (The Red Star dispatch, however, strongly suggested this.) Soviet Admits Break-through. Excellent flying weather gave Stormovik planes and medium bombers an excellent chance to re sume large-scale operations against numerous German tanks and artil lery massed in defense of Praga. In this sector Marshal Rokossovsky poses a frontal threat to Warsaw, most of which lies on the west side of the broad and swift Vistula. The enemy's Baltic breakthrough was anounced in the Russian mid night communique. It said that under a hail of,German tank and infantry attacks Gen. Ivan Bagram ian’s troops withdrew “to more favorable positions” after abandon ing Tukums, where they plunged to the sea 33 miles west of Riga on Au gust l. There was no letup, however. In Red Army pressure on the enemy's 20 or more imperiled North Baltic, divisions, variously estimated tX be tween 200,000 and 300,000 men. Far up in Estonia, west of Lake Peipus, Gen. Ivan Maslennikov's 3eU» Baltic Army, driving hard for the failway center of Tartu, captured 30 or more communities. Other Rus sian gains were reported due east of Riga.