Newspaper Page Text
Lota New York Markets, Page A-13.
Guide for Readers Fare Amusements - B-16 Comics.B-14-15 Editorials.A-8 Editor! Articles A-9 Finance .A-13 Lost and Found A-3 Page Obituary. A-6 Radio. B-15 Society. B-3 8ports.A-10-11 Where to Oo...A*lt Woman’s Page B-10 An Associated Press Newspaper 92d YEAB. No. 36,657. WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 1944—THIRTY' PAGES. City Horn* Dallvery. Dally and Sunday M /'luivrmci tOo a Mo.. Wban S Sundays. 90o « OiiiiN 1Q. Yanks Take Luxembourg Capital; British Armor Enters Holland; Heavy Aachen Shelling Reported American Forces Within 10 Miles Of Saar Border (Map on Page A-3.) By the Associated Press. LONDON, Sept. 11.—American 1st Army troops today captured the city of Luxembourg, the cap ital of the duchy of the same name, and it was reported un officially that American artillery 70 miles to the north had brought the Germans’ Siegfried Line city of Aachen under heavy fire. Luxembourg, a coal-iron center of 85.000. fell to an American column driving through the little stepping stone duchy on a 10-mile assault front. This column built up a strong left shoulder for the American 3d Army's battle for Metz. 35 miles to the south. The units moving through the duchy had advanced to within 10 miles of the Saar border of Germany and were within 25 miles of the German cities of Saarburg and Trier. British Strike Into Holland. Meanwhile. British armor struck into Holland in a sweep toward the north end of the Siegfried Line after a mass slaughter of Germans. The penetration was made 14 miles north of the broken Albert Canal defense line in Belgium. Allied headquarters said. Radio broadcasts from Brussels said the British had crossed the Netherlands frontier for the first time, “although earlier reports put them there last week.” An Associated Press dispatch from the British front said the British had stormed across the Schelde Meuse Canal, last water barrier before the Dutch frontier, after a large-scale, three-day battle around Bourg-Leopold and Bechtel north of the Albert Canal in which 12,000 prisoners were taken and more Germans killed in one day than any time since the 200-mile march from Normandy. 2 Miles From Fontier. The Schelde-Meuse Canal is only 2 miles from the Dutch frontier where the road runs to Eindhoven. Premier Pieter Gerbrandy an nounced last week that the British had reached Breda in Holland, but the patrols apparently withdrew. First Army units farther north were within 8 ’ i miles of the German and Dutch frontiers and had linked U. S. Reconnaissance Planes Reported to Have Landed in Reich NEW YORK. Sept. 11—Amer ican reconnaissance planes from an armored division are re ported to have landed on Ger man soil. Blue Network Oorfl's pondent Harold Peters broad cast from London today. Mr. Peters did not say whether the planes landed in force or were unopposed. If the latter were the case, it would indicate that certain stretches of the German frontier are not pro tected against the Allied ad vance. with the British 2d Army in prep aration for a massive assault on the northern portion of the Siegfried ine. , Ahead of the American and Brit ish units which joined above the captured Belgian town of Hasselt i27,000) was the weakest link in the German defense chain—th» 70 miles of hastily-built fortifications from Aachen north to Kleve. terminus of the Siegfried Line. This portion of the Siegfried Line or West Wall pro tects the Rhineland and the indus trial cities of Cologne and Duessel dorf. Seek to Reach Mersch. American troops who took the city of Luxembourg were fighting determinedlv to broaden out into the town of Mersch, slightly over 10 miles to the north. The attack of Lt. Gen. Courtney H. Hodges’ 1st Army toward the Saar has carried over 50 miles be yond Sedan and 35 miles east of Montmedy where the Americans sliced through the northernmost hinge of the old Maginot Line. The duchy of Luxembourg, a coal and iron region of 999 square miles, was overrun by the Germans in 1940. On the front before Aachen, American artillery fired its first shots into Germany at 3:30 p.m. yesterday. These shots—fired by old long barrel 155-millimeter rifles made in the World War and now mounted on tank chassis—struck a crossroads near Aachen, the biggest of the northern fort centers of the Siegfried line. Later the Paris radio said Aachen itself was brought under heavy fire from American guns near captured Verviers, 31-, miles southwest of Limbourg. There was no confirma tion of this report. Limbourg. 8*/2 miles from the German frontier and beyond captured Liege, has been (See WESTERN FRONT, Pg. A-3.) Dover Area Suffers Four-Hour Shelling By the Associated Press. DOVER England. Sept. 11—Ger man long-range guns on the French coast shelled this area for four hours during the night. Thp Nazis trapped in the Calais and Cap Griz Nez area kept huge searchlights playing over the Chan nel. as if they w;ere expecting an Allied assault from the sea. The long-range bombardment started about 2 a.m. and continued spasmodically until daybreak. 1 » U. S. Fighters Bag 130 Planes In Great Air Battle Over Reich 1,000 Bombers Attack Nazi Oil Plants And Industrial Targets; Berlin Hit , By the Associated rt*ess. LONDON, Sept. 11.—American fighters escorting 1,000 heavy j bombers attacking Nazi oil plants in Germany today shot idown 130 enemy planes in one of the greatest air battles ever fought over the Reich between American fighters and the Luft waffe. Only yesterday the American fighters destroyed 125 German planes, but 119 were caught on the ground in Western Germany. To i day's bag made the two-day total 1255. , It was the fourth consecutive day in which 1.000 or ny>re American bombers had attacked Germany. The continental skies were satu rated by Allied planes rising from bases in England. Italy, North and South France. American losses were not imme diatel.v tabulated. A spokesman of the United States 8th Air Force said the 130 planes destroyed still was an incomplete count, but already a record bag for fighters. German planes destroyed by the bombers still were to be added. Approximately 800 Mustangs, Thunderbolts and Lightnings formed the escort. Between 200 and 300 fighters previously had been used in Rhineland attacks. Flying Fortresses and Liberators attacked Merseburg, Lutzkendorf and Misburg a few hours after RAF Mosquitos had created fresh havoc in Berlin. A great fleet of British heavy bombers pounded beseiged Le Havre. It appeared likely that more than 5,000 tons of bombs would be cast on the Germans during the day. Weather permitted visual bombing at the cities named. Other heavy <See AERIAL, Page A-2.) Evacuation of Krosno, South Poland Fort, Announced by Berlin Soviet Victory Clears Flank for Thrust Into Czechoslovakia By the Associated Press. LONDON, Sept. 11—The South Poland fortress town of Krosno, 17 miles from Czechoslovakia, has been evacuated by the Ger mans. the Berlin radio an nounced late today. Krosno lies in the Carpathian foothills 83 miles southeast of the Polish city of Krakow, key to the war industries of German Silesia. Other troops across the Vistula were reported within 35 miles of Krakow last month and 75 from Silesia. German broadcasts for several days have told of a massive new Russian offensive toward Krakow, but the Russians, as is their cus tom. have remained quiet during early stages of the drive. The reported victory at Krosno cleared the Russian flank for a [drive toward Beskide Pass into [ Czechoslovakia. At last reports, the Red Army was 20 miles from I the mountain gap. The Berlin report said the ! Russians captured the town four i times since Friday, but were driven | out on three occasions. Heavy j Russian artillery and mass use of | tanks were reported. Soviets Drive Hungarians And Nazis From Carpathians MOSCOW, Sept. 11 (/Pt.—The Red Army, by frontal and flank assaults, was driving German and Hungarian | troops today from their strongholds in the Eastern Carpathians, after | crushing enemy resistance in the Transylvanian Alps. Armored columns under the com mand of Russia's newest marshal, Rodion Y. Malinovsky, w'ere less than 130 miles from the Transylvanian ; capital of Cluj. His forces, advanc ing steadily from the northwest and southeast, were rapidly seizing con trol of the entire mountain block that had protected Hungary from invasion. Front dispatches said a Red Army river flotilla, steaming up the Dan ube toward the Iron Gate, was ex pected to assist in a crossing into Northeastern Serbia from Romanian bases near Turnu-Severin. Forces Near Yugoslavia. •"The forces of Gen. Feodor Tol bukhin were reported approaching the Yugoslav frontier as well as fanning southward close to the Aegean Sea. A junction between the Red Army and Marshal Titos Yugoslav Par tisans will prepare the way for a double sweep into the Hungarian plains from the east and south, it was believed in Moscow. The Moscow communique said Soviet columns hitting inside South eastern Transylvania and along the eastern side had captured nearly 60 towns and villages yesterday, and ! forced another Carpathian pass into l Transylvania. ! Russian newspaper dispatches in idicated that the protracted lull on | the Polish and Baltic sectors of the i eastern front is likely to explode at any moment. The timing and direc t:cn of the next major thrusts of (See RUSSIA, Page-A^3l Penicillin Flown To Romania to Save Yank's Life By the Associated Press. BUCHAREST, Romania, Sept. 9 (Delayed i.—Penicillin has been ad ministered for the first time in Ro mania-flown in from Italy to save the life of an American flyer ill of septicemia, it was announced today. The patient, wdio has been in a small village hospital since August 10. is Sergt. Peter Tierney. Roches ter. N. Y. He was reported missing in action after a Liberator in which he was radio operator and gunner w'ent down at Ploestl. Sergt. Tierney now is out of dan ger and on his way to complete re covery. 9. Palau Heavily Raided By 350 Allied Planes, Tokyo Radio Reports Ambon, in Dutch Indies, And Volcano Islands Also Reported Attacked By the Associated Press. The Japanese domestic radio today said "about 350 enemy fighters and bombers, with car rier-based planes as a center,” had carried out another heavy raid yesterday on Palau, some 600 miles east of the Philippines. Other formations hit Iwo Jima in the Volcano Islands to the north and Ambon in the Dutch East In dies to the south, according to the broadcast. Quoting front dispatches, the broadcast said the raid on Iwo Jima, about 750 miles south of Tokyo, had been made by' "some 10 odd four-engined large bomb ers^ while 60 planes were said to have participated in the assault on Ambon, about 35 miles oft the west coast of Dutch New Guinea. The broadcast, reported by United States Government monitors, also reported further heavy raids on Manado. on Celebes Island, some 400 miles south of the Philippines. Big Raid on Mindanao Reported by Nazi Radio GENERAL HEADQUARTERS. SOUTHWEST PACIFIC, Sept. 11 i/P).—'The battle of the Philippine approaches was described, for the ; moment at least, in bigger and more 1 fiery terms by Axis reports than by official Allied communiques. The first attack from American ■aircraft carriers on the Philippines, 1 with 300 fighters and bombers swarming over Mindanao Saturday, jwas among unconfirmed Tokyo ver sions put out in a Berlin broadcast, i Gen. Douglas MacArthur today j listed a single patrol plane raid Fri day night near Zamboanga, Min danao, during which a 10,000-ton | enemy tanker was sunk. But Admiral Chester W. Minitz at Pearl Harbor let Sunday go by with out additional reports on the Ameri can naval task forces prowling the Western Carolines — from whither, Tokyo said, the Philippine raid was made. Admiral Nimitz previously had told of carrier plane raids on Palau and Yap and warship shellings of Palau. Tokyo, which has been re porting those attacks as powerful assaults, including a battleship bombardment of Yap, yesterday was quoted by Berlin as saying more than 1,000 Allied planes hit Palau and Yap Thursday and more than 700 planes Friday. Gen. Mac Arthur's biggest blow re ported today was an 180-ton bomb ing of Dutch Celebes Friday during which Lagoan airdrome was cratered, fuel dumps set ablaze, three parked planes destroyed, a freighter-trans port and a coastal vessel sunk. So far this month Celebes has -been hit with more than 500 tons | of explosives; 60 barges, coastal ves sels and small freighters have been sunk or damaged, and 40 planes have been wiped out, the bulk of them on the ground. Chinese Battle to Save Kwangsi Province Capital By the Associated Press. CHUNGKING, Sept. 11.—Chinese troops battled today to save the Kwangsi Province capital of Kweilin from Japanese troops thrusting down the Hunan-Kwangsi railroad toward the provincial frontier. The Japanese were last reported in the captured town of Tungan, 90 miles from Kweilin, after taking the American airbase at Lingling. only about 12 miles from the Kwangsi Province border. The Chinese com munique said yesterday the situa tion around Tungan was unchanged. A Tokyo broadcast reported by the Federal Communications Commis sion said Japanese troops captured Wenchow in Southern Chekiang Province Saturday in an advance from fallen Kinhwa. fi Peril to Germans Rises as French Drive to Dijon Other 7th Army Units Meet Bitter Fight Near Belfort Gap BULLETIN. ROME </P).—French forces from the south have occupied Dijon, it was announced to night. By the Associated Press. ROME, Sept. 11. — French troops penetrated to the out skirts of Dijon, an important communications center 150 miles southeast of Paris, while other French units of the 7th Army met bitter opposition In the bat tle of the Belfort Gap, Allied headquarters said today. American units of Lt. Gen. Alex ander M. Patch's 7th Army ad vanced to Rougemont, 25 miles southwest of the historic gateway into Southwest German}, but French troops, inching their way through the Jura Mountains along the Swiss frontier, met desperate German rearguard resistance. An Allied headquarters announce ment last night said the French were fighting near the village of Blamont, 16 miles south of Belfort and 36 airline miles from the Ger man frontier. Narrowing Bottleneck. The Nazis, making a desperate stand to keep the Belfort Gap life line open, found themselves in a narrowing bottleneck with the French to'the south and the Amer icans to the west at Rougemont. The French advance to the out skirts of Dijon, a city of 96,000, vir tually sewed up the escape corridor for the German 19th Army in that sector. Seizure of Dijon not only would seal of! at least two main highways to the Germans, but push the enemy to within 5 miles of where the American forces in Northern France were last reported. Fanning out west of the Saone. the French also reached the road junction village of Saillieu, 40 miles west of Dijon, and about 25 miles above Autun, which they took 48 hours ago. Arnay-le-Duc Falls. Clearing out all the hill country to the Saone, the French troops also captured Arnay-le-Duc, 30 miles southwest of Dijon. As the American advance ap proached Belfort it veered north as well as east, moving above the line of the Doubs River-Rhone Canal toward the Ognon River, thus tak ing command of the entire valley. A number of towns were cleared in this area in a yard-by-yard slugging match with the enemv. After wiping out the last snipers at Dole, the Americans also staged a drive northwest toward Auxonne. thus exerting even greater pressure on Dijon. Warships Shell Riviera. Meanwhile, the enemy in the far southeastern corner of the French Riviera was under bombardment from Allied warships. The Nacy reported that the Amer ican destroyer Hilary P. Jones and the French cruiser Duguay Trouin had a ‘'satisfactory” time Saturday against German shore installations in the Mentone region, near the Italian border. The destroyer blasted machine gun nests, while the French ship fired more than 450 rounds at enemy batteries, pillboxes and troops. Cy Dart Wins Opener At Laurel to Pay $59.40 Special Dispatch to The Star. LAUREL, Md.. Sept. 11.—J. W. Brown's Cy Dart, under a well judged ride by Benny Leggett upset the calculations of the crowd of 8,000 by winning the day’s three quarter mile opener in 1:1645 to pay $59.40. The form players sent Maj. Ken neth N. Gilpin's Seven O'clock post ward a favorite, but the gelding finished far back. Cy Dart, hard urged from the break, slipped through on the rail leaving the back stretch, but Leg gett had to turn in a strong finish to enable his mount to outlast the Christiana Stable’s Briaresque. Mys tery Book was third. J. K. Wynkoop's Lord Vatout, making his first start of the year, ran off with the three-quarters of the second to pay $8.20. Sent to the front early, Lord Vatout widened on H. G. Bedwell's Fogoso, odds-on fav orite, to win by a half-dozen l#ngths. Lindsay's Granlag was third The daily double paid $208.30. BULLETIN Kent Writ Sought , An effort to bring about the return to the United States of Tyler Kent, convicted in a British court of violating the British official war secrets act while a member of the American Embassy staff in London was begun in the Supreme Court today by his mother, Mrs. Ann H. P. Kent of this city. The effort was in the form of a motion for permission to file a petition for a writ of mandamus. X .■jtiLmira SWJG \\ I \ Admits Ho\ | \ Distress^ \ Rumors | fORM-FlTTIM61 | GAG ' §| Permit* No M Talk on Any ill Subject ilUL.— F€tl DARK \ '“IGLASSES j J Perfect I ,29301 fr 1 Overlooking I Somelhings / il SAFETY fl HANDCUFFS! If Curbs Tendency I f toMeddle in A f What the Well-Dressed Bureaucrat Will Wear Between Now and November 7 Sharp Tax Reductions After War Urged by House Committee Six-Point- Program Drawn Up by Special Economic Planners Ey the Associated Press. A House committee call for postwar tax reductions, particu larly in the lower and middle in come groups, was added today to the flow of proposals for the future made urgent by military successes. In agreement with War Mobiliza tion Director James F. Byrnes that it is time to build the framework for the bridge back to peace, the special House Economic Planning Commit tee offered six suggestions in a report to be delivered to the House today on how the United States may be kept prosperous iq the peace years. Tight Credit Controls. The others were: Tight credit controls to prevent a ‘ sharp spiral of Inflation when the Nation spends an estimated *150. 000,000.000 in savings accumulated in the war years. A streamlined Government . . . "to reduce overlapping jurisdiction, duplication of effort and inconsist encies in policy." Increased foreign trade. Early removal of wartime controls on agriculture and encouragement of family-owmed farms. Maintenance of an armed force of upward of 3,000.000 men until the occupation task abroad is considered ended. Increased Unemployment Pay. The committee, headed by Repre sentative Colmer, Democrat, of Mis- 1 sissippi also suggested that the States increase their unemployment compensation scales and period of payment, and that Federal employes and merchant mariners be placed under the program. Emphasizing "incentives for ven ture capital and business growth, the committee called for sharp over all reductions in taxes and for aboli tion of "double taxation” of corpora tion earnings. The Federal budget probablv will run about *20,000.000,000 annually for a whole, it said, and that will mean each family has a yearly tax burden—including State "levies—of $900. Production Level Urged. Obviously, the committee opined,' unless productive capacity is main tained at a much higher level than in any peacetime year in the past, the burden of necessary taxation "may prove intolerable.” The suggestion for larger unem ployment compensation benefits was included also in the major recon version recommendations submit ted Saturday to President Roosevelt by Mr. Byrnes. The immediate re action apepared unfavorable in view of Congress’ previous rejection of the idea. There was. however, bipartisan approval of Mr. Byrnes’ plan for Congress to appropriate up to $2, 000,000,000 next year if necessary to keep farm prices from crashing. Senators Russell, Democrat, of Georgia and Aiken, Republican, of. Vermont both told reporters that farmers must be protected. Return to 40-Hour Week. Mr. Byrnes suggested that ar rangements be made for a return from present overtime policies to the flat 40-hour week in industry. The CIO publication Economic Outlook, in a policy statement writ ten before release of the Byrnes statement, advocated that workers receive the same pay for 40 hours as they had been getting for 48. There were signs that both the CIO and AFL are getting ready to intensify their drive for higher (See RECONVERSION, Page A-27) 2 Chinese Commanders Executed for Fleeing By the Associated Press. CHUNGKING, Sept. 11.-Con victed by a court martial on charges of neglect of duty in the fall of Lishui, two Chinese Army battalion commanders, Chao Tsu-hao and Cheun-shih, were executed at Yunhwo in Chekiang Province on September 6, a semiofficial Chinese dispatch reported today. Both were accused of having fled when the Japanese attacked, al though their regimental commander remained and was killej * $100,000 California Fire Leaves 300 Homeless By the Associated Press. SACRAMENTO, Calif.. Sept, 'll.— Three hundred persons were left homeless, several narrowly escaping death, and damage estimated at $100,000 was caused by a fire that destroyed a hotel and a warehouse and damaged five other business buildings yesterday. • Hotel residents, mostly cannery workers and employes of the Sacra mento Air Service Command, were unable to save their personal be longings because the fire spread so rapidly. The cause was unknown. PAC Faces Two Tests Of Strength Today In Maine Election Governorship and Three , House Seats, All Held by Republicans, at Stake By th» Associated Pres*. PORTLAND, Me., Sept. 11.— Two tests of CIO Political Ac tion Committee strength held the spotlight as Maine balloted in the country’s first State elec tion today. The governorship and 3 seats in Congress, all now held by Republi cans, were the major stakes. The PAC, through a State affiliate, back ed Democratic opponents of two of the incumbent Representatives. Polls opened at 6 a.m. and were to close at 7 pm. except in com munities with fewer than 300 per-' sons where they might close two hours earlier. Democrats Claim Chance. Republican leaders urged their adherents to record the party's tra ditional thumping majorities. State Chairman Lloyd B. Morton said a '‘substantial” Republican margin would presage “complete victory in November.” His Democratic coun terpart, Peter M. MacDonald, saw “an excellent chance of carrying the State." Hottest contest was in the war boomed first congressional dis trict. There red-haired, 38-year old Andrew A. Pettis contested re election of Representative Robert Hale to a second term. Both are Portlanders. Mr. Pettis, president of the CIO union which bargains for more than 20.000 South Portland Liberty ship builders. was indorsed by the Maine United Labor Committee—the PAC affiliate—as was David H. Staples, 71-year-old retired locomotive en gineer from Waterville who seeks to prevent Representative Margaret Chase Smith of Skowegan from get ting a third full term in the second district. Hildreth Opposes Jullien. The gubernatorial opponents are Horace A. Hildreth of Cumberland, Republican President of the State Senate, and Paul J. Jullien, Demo crat, of Waterville. former State American Legion commander. In the third congressional district Rep resentative Frank Fellows of Bangor seeks a third term opposed by Ralph E. Graham of Brewer, a rail road freight office worker. A fair and warmer forecast augured well for the turnout in the dominant rural areas, where the PAC has been active in registering new voters, especially in the first district. Yet most political observers agreed that the total vote would be under 1942’s 186,000. They pointed out that more than 80,000 Maine men and women were in the armed forces and that fast-developing war news had overshadowed the campaign. 80.000 Expected to Vote In Colorado Tomorrow DENVER, Sept. 11 (/P).—A turn out of only 80,000 voters is predicted as Coloradoans cast their ballots to morrow in a primary which has only two contests for major offices. The total is expected to nm approx lmately 25,000 under the 1942 vote The two contested races are for the Republican secretary of State nomination and the Democratic designation In the 2d congressional district. Reconversion Report 'A Start,' Dewey Says; Tardiness Assailed Clarifies Position on Two Phases of Foreign Policy Raised by Willkie By J. A. O LEARY, Stir Buff Correspondent. DES MOINES, Sept. 11.—Gov. Thomas E. Dewey today called War Mobilization Director Byrnes’ elaborate plans for prompt reconversion of industry and a tapering off of home front controls when Germany falls “a start,” but one that comes very late. “In Pittsburgh six weeks ago I pointed out that the administration was then six months late on recon version plans,” he told a press con ference. "Well, they are only seven and one-half months late and it i* my earnest hope that these pro posals will mean action and not just words, because it is already very late." Gov. Dewey also took occasion here today to clarify his position on two phases of foreign policy raised by Wendell L. Willkie in a recent magazine article, in which the 1940 Republican candidate crit icized the stand taken by both major parties in their Chicago con ventions. No Argument on Sovereignty. When a reporter recalled Mr. Willkie s criticism of both parties for mentioning the preservation of "sovereignty." Gov. Dewey replied. "That is a shibboleth. Every time you sign a trade agreement you give up a little something and the de cision to give it up is an exercise of your sovereignty. To raise the argument on sovereignty is beside the point, because both parties have promised to work for peace among 60 sovereign nations." Another reporter called his atten tion to Mr. Willkie's point that the wise handling of foreign policy wall determine the domestic welfare of America for years. ^Gov. Dewey re sponded : “That's what I have been saying for years. I just finished saying it at Louisville. Our foreign policy can never be stronger or more effective than the strength of the American people at home. The two are utterly inseparable. The tragedy is that we have an administration seeking con tinuance in office which was in con trol for eight years while the events leading to war were shaping.” He said that at the end of eight years, or in 1940. it “still had a limping, unproductive economy, with 10,000.000 unemployed, and abso lutely no preparation for the war. which it now claims it foresaw.” Sharp Retort on Hillman. In a more talkative mood than at earlier press conferences, the Republican nominee also came back with a sharp retort when told that Sidney Hillman, head of the CIO Political Action Committee, had criticized his silence on the begin ning of the 1932 depression. "That makes our regard for each other mutual,” said the Governor. Some one else asked if he would consider offering President Roose velt an ex-officio place in the Gov ernment, if elected, in view of the argument that his experience is es sential at this time. “I am not indulging in cabinet making at this time,” he smiled. Gov. Bourke Hickenlooper, who is running for the Senate against Sen ator Gillette, told reporters he will be greatly surprised if Iowa does not give the Dewey-Bricker ticket a majority of more than 100,000. “A lot of the votes in the CIO in Iowa are going to be Republican," despite the organizing efforts of the Political Action Committee. Political Action Committee,” Gov. Hickenlooper said. The Iowa executive said more (See DEWEY, Page A-5.) Laurel Results FIRST RACE—Purse. SI.500: maiden 2 year-olds: 0 furlongs. Cy Dart (Leggett! 59.40 22.80 11.00 Brlaiesque (Scawthorni 4.50 3 70 Mystery Book (Wahler) 10.00 Time. 1:1B45. Also ran—Seven Oclock. Sun Bart. Tie Me. Toll Away. Kina Celia. Mldknlght, Jene Slam. Cherna. Kenmar. SECOND RACK—Purse. *1.500; 4-year olds and up; 0 furlongs. Lord Valot (Root) 8.20 3.00 2.90 Fogoso (Bowers) 2.50 2.40 Oranlag (Leggett) 4.40 Time. 1:15. Also ran—Sal's Sister. Attune. Sunialo mar. Kings Qambit. Marandan. Market nakef No Quota. (Dally Doubk Faid *208.30.) Talks Opened By Roosevelt And Churchill Quebec Conference May Deal Largely With War on Japs By JOSEPH H. BAIRD, Star Staff Correspondent QUEBEC, Sept. 11.—President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill arrived here today and immediately began their 11th conference of the war amid strong indications that it will deal primarily with final plans for the defeat of Japan. This was implied by Stephen T. Early, secretary to the President, who told newspapermen that the talks Mr. Roosevelt recently held at Pearl Harbor with Admiral Chester W. Nimitz and Gen. Douglas Mac Arthur might be considered a vital preliminary to his present meeting with the British Prime Minister. However, this dues not rule out the extreme probability that plans for dealing with Germany after th* downfall of the Hitler regime also will have a prominent place on their agenda. Both the President and the Prime Minister, accompanied by their wives, arrived on special trains which reached Wolfes Cove in the suburbs of Quebec about 10 a.m They were driven to the citadel, summer residence of the governor general of Canada—an ancient for tress set high above the St. Law rence. Receives Military Honors. There Mr. Roosevelt received full military honors from a guard of honor commanded by Lt. R. J. East man. Royal Canadian Navy, and in cluding components of the Cana dian Army, Navy and Air Force. As he drove up in his car. accompanied by the Earle of Athlone, Governor General of Canada, the unit pre sented arms and a Canadian Army band played "The Star Spangled Banner.' Mr. Churchill, accompanied by Prime Minister Mackenzie King of Canada, rode in the car following that of the President, while Mrs. Roosevelt. Mrs. Churchill and Lady Alice, wife of the Earl of Athlone, followed in a third car. After the American national an them had been played, Mr. Church ill and Mr. King walked to the President's car and the troops pre sented arms for a second time. To the surprise of some observers, the band di8 not follow the American anthem with "God Save the King " It was explained that this seeming lapse of protocol was due to the fact that neither Mr. Church nor Mr. King is the head of a state. The President's special train was the first to arrive, reaching the rail road siding at Wolfe's Cove, near the Canadian Pacific docks at 9:40 a.m. The special bearing Mr. Churchill, who arrived at Halifax yesterday by boat from England, came into Quebec about 15 minutes later. Formal Reception at Citadel. Mr. King and the Earl of Athlone were the first to entef the Presi dent's railroad car. greeting him, Mrs. Roosevelt and his staff warmly. They were followed bv various Ca nadian officials. The President then left the train and entered his auto mobile where the Prime Minister met him a few minutes later after his special had pulled in. The automobile convoy, closely guarded by both American and Ca nadian police officials, then moved on the Citadel for the formal re ception. Mr. Roosevelt was accompanied by Admiral William Leahy, his chief of staff: Gen. George C. Marshall. Army chief of staff; Admiral Ernest J. King, chief of naval operations, and Gen. H. H. Arnold, chief of the Army Air Forces, in addition to members of their staffs and a large j corps of White House attaches. These latter included Maj. Gen. Edwin M. Watson, the President's military aide, and Vice Admiral Ross T. Mclntvre, Mr. Roosevelt's personal physician. >ews Held Up for Hours. Newspapermen were taken in buses to the citadel to witness the arrival of the Anglo-American chiefs and the ceremony of wel ’come. Official release of the fact : that the two had arrived in Quebec i was held up for nearly an hour until ' an announcement was made at press ] headquarters of the conference, which have been established in the Chateau Frotenac. a few hundred yards down the St. Lawrence from the citadel. The announcement said: "The President and Mr. Churchill, accompanied by their staffs, have arrived in Quebec where they are holding a conference on the future conduct of the war. Mr. MacKenzle King, with whom Mr. Churchill and the British staffs will also confer, welcomed them on behalf of the Canadian government." Mr. Early then talked briefly to the assembled newspapermen, point ing out significantly that the confer ence here could be considered a fol lowup to the Pearl Harbor confer ences. Military Subjects Uppermost. Mr. Early said that the conference would deal entirely with military subjects and for that reason might not be productive of a large flow of news. He added, however, that he and other attaches would keep in touch with the principals and try to make available all possible in formation. ’ Mrs. Roosevelt, he said, accom panied the President primarily be cause Mrs. Churchill came here with the Prime Minister. Jt can be said that Premier Stalin was invited, but declined be cause of pressing duties attendant to Russia's victorious armies. How ever, it is well underatood that all (See QUEBEC, Page A-5J Formosa Raid Reported LONDON. Sept. 11.—The Paris radio quoted a Tokyo broadcast as saying Allied planes attacked tha big Japanese island of Formosa to day.