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Cloudy, occasional light rain today and tomorrow. Temperatures today—Highest, 74, at 1:30 p.m.; lowest, 69, at 4:15 a.m. Yes terday—Highest, 73, at 3:20 p.m.; low est, 67, at 6:55 a.m. _ Lote New York Markets, Page A-11."" Guide for Readers j A ter Dark.B>ll Amusements . B-l* Comic*_B-14-15 Editorials.A-« Editor! Articles, A-7 Finance.A-ll Lost and Found. A-3 Obituary.A-l# Radio.B-15 Society_B-I Sports.A-*-* Woman’s Page..B>® An Associated Press Newspaper YEAH. No. 36,665. WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 19, 1944—TWENTY-EIGHT PAGES. ★★★ I . " '' ' ' T *P"“' ""l i- mi m—mmm—m. n mil City Bon* Oillnry, Dally an* Sunday jr /*^'Gp\rmCl S»o a Mo- Wban t Sundays. tOe ® V'Jli.JN 10. Eindhoven Captured by British; Threat to Nazi Flank Increases; Brest Abandoned, Germans Say Allies Strengthen Hold on Dutch Water Lanes BULLETIN. LONDON (A1).—The German radio declared Allied para chute troops made new land ings today in the Dutch prov inces of Utrecht and Gelder land, and said “fighting is now taking place north of the great rivers.” The broadcast apparently referred to the Rhine and Lex Rivers. Ut recht and Gelderland Prov inces both lie north of the Lower Rhine, which crosses the Netherlands. (Map on Page A-3.J By the Associated Press. LONDON, Sept. 19.—Rein forced by artillery dropped from the skies and backstopped by a hookup with ground forces, Al lied airborne troops firmly an chored their hold on vital water lanes in Holland today in a bat tle of rising fury before northern bastions of the German West Wall. The British 2nd Army, joining up with the 1st Allied Airborne Army’s sky invasion, captured Eindhoven, seventh largest Dutch city and im portant communications center, after charging forward 16 miles in 24 hours. Geldrop, 7 miles to the east, also fell to the British. The great Allied operation in Hol land threatened to roll up the Ger man flank just as the Brittany breakthrough did in France. The Germans acknowledged aban doning the Brittany port of Brest, but declared the town and great harbpr "are only smoking ruins.” The suicide garrison was said to have retreated to the nearby Le Crozon Peninsula. neinrorced by Artillery. A front dispatch said American parachute troops, blazing a path in Holland for ground troops and armor, had been reinforced by glider-borne artillery. The Germans brought up heavy artillery in an attempt to destroy a strategic canal seized by the Ameri cans. The Americans were elimi nating the enemy's artillery with comparatively small but deadly portable weapons. Fighting within pistol range of the German gunners, the Americans attacked heavy field pieces with bazooka rocket shells. Allied headquarters announced that the airborne army had consoli dated and strengthened positions in Holland. The sky troops were knocking Germans from one Dutch village after another and seizing strategic bridges and crossroads. As more troops landed from planes and glideres for the third succes sive day, Berlin hinted some had descended north of the Rhine delta, in the area where Rotterdam, Am sterdam and The Hague lie. Such landings would threaten a quick turning of the Rhine as a defensive position. Press Toward Cologne. While the flanking sweep de veloped in Holland, the main weight of the Allied land assault was bat tering through the Rhineland on the last 20 or 25 miles to Cologne. Other American columns were hit ting through the Lorraine Gap in new gains beyond Nancy, and farther below were closing steadily on Belfort, gateway to Southwestern Germany. The Germans hurled in reserves from the Russian front, risked some of their remaining planes and fired their biggest artillery barrages since Normandy. But despite their stif fened stand, Americans captured four more border towns and reached at least three others. The air vault into Holland—in the greatest air-borne operation of war’s history—carried the gravest im mediate menace to the stubborn Nazi defense of the homeland. The German - reported landings north of the Rhine delta, plus land ings they said were made earlier at Nijmegen and Arnhem on and abbve the Rhine near the Reich's frontier, would seal off every main east-west road from Germany to Rotterdam, The Hague and Amsterdam through the dike-guarded lowlands south of Holland's inland sea. By this account, the 1st Allied air borne army had leaped the last and greatest Dutch water barrier, and put the fighting in the rich heart of Holland. Allied armor would need only to smash 35 to 40 miles above Eind hoven to complete the link-up, and turn the Germans’ Rhine defenses. West of Antwerp, in Belgium, Allied troops crossed northward into Holland. In Germany a bitter cleanout fight raged toward a climax in the big city of Aachen. Other United States 1st Army ' See WESTERN~FRONT, Pg. A-3j More Space Available For Local Advertising Effective for the month of October, The Star will make available to local display ad vertisers 95 per cent of the space used by them in The Star during October. 1943. This has been made possible through advertising space re ductions that became effec tive during October last year and as a result of other econ omies that were made to com ply with the limitations on the use of paper imposed by the War Production Board. A I Japs Reported Shackling Men j To Assure 'Stand' on Peleliu Americans Gain in Two Palau Island Drives, Kill 5,543 of Foe in Four Days of Fighting By the Associated Press. PACIFIC FLEET HEADQUAR TERS. Pearl Harbor, Sept. 19.— American drives on Peleliu and Angaur Islands, in the Southern Palaus, gained momentum today as the Japanese showed signs of ! weakening under the terrific at | tack which cost them 5,543 dead ! in the first four days of fighting. The Peleliu airdrome, one of the biggest and best of captured Jap | anese fields, was being used by American planes. To the northward the 1st Marines pushed ahead across tough coral ridges, after capturing the island's main town, Asias, two ! adjacent villages and an offshore islet. The Japanese were falling i back. Leif Erickson, Associated Press war correspondent, reported in a flagship dispatch that Japanese commanders had shackled their men in observation posts and caves, to , Insure their death stand, while ■officers’ bodies had been converted into booby traps. On Angaur Island, 6 miles south ward, the 81st (Wildcat) Army Di vision speeded up its lightly opposed advance. The infantrymen cap tured Saipan town, the principal settlement, with its artillery wrecked phosphate refinery, once vital for Japan’s explosives, and the largest railroad yard in Oceania. Capture of the town meant the Army spearheads had pushed southward more than half the length of Angaur, against small counterattacks. The Japanese ap parently were withdrawing to the extreme tip for a final stand. Their dead through Sunday totaled 48. A Navy communique said that for the same period Japanese killed on Peleliu totaled 5,495. By contract, 2,400 Japanese were buried on Guam (See PACIFIC, Page A-4.) Three Heights Seized By U. S. Troops in Nazis’ Gothic Line British Drive Into San Marino Republic Near Adriatic Coast By the Associated Pres*. ROME, Sept. 19—Breaking through formidable Nazi forti fications and scoring what was officially termed a “great suc i cess.” American 5th Army troops yesterday captured 3,300-foot Monte Partone, Monte Altuzzo and Monte Celli in the Gothic Line 20 miles northeast of Florence. The enemy was driven from these heights after one of the fiercest days of fighting in the entire Italian campaign, official - field dispatches said. British and Indian troops under 5th Army command contributed ma terially to the American success by executing flanking movements. The Germans opposed the attack with extreme concentrations of ar tillery fire. In one barrage 2,000 shells w'ere fired against the ad vancing Americans. The Germans also made “maximum use of mortars and small arms,” headquarters said. British Enter San Marino. Meanwhile, British troops of the 8th Army, beating back heavy en emy opposition, drove into the little republic of San Marino near the Adriatic coast. San Marino’s frontier was crossed at the town of Faetano, where the Marano River intersects the border. A bridgehead was established there and the British advanced one mile toward the city of San Marino itself. Describing the bitter action for the mountain positions, an official report said: In addition to most determined resistance by veteran German troops equipped with small arms and sup porting weapons, the 5th Army force had to negotiate rugged mountain masses. Even the crests were forti fied with dug-in positions and con crete pillboxes. Emplacements with tank turret tops also were encoun tered." The entire area was interlaced with wire entanglements. 27 Miles From Bologna. The successful attack brought the Americans within 27 miles of Bologna, important communications and industrial center in the Po Valley. Most of the intervening terrain, however, is rough and well fortified. Embittered fighting without sub stantial changes in the situation continued near the Adriatic south of Rimini. West of San Martino, Canadians advanced to the Ausa River at a point about 3 airline miles southwest of Rimini in a heavy battle with enemy tanks and Infantry. The latest 8th Army attack toward Rimini and the major Allied i goal—a break-through into the Po Valley—was accompanied by one of the heaviest day and night aerial offensives ever made on enemy de fenses in Italy. Copenhagen Reports Coup by Germans Ey the Associated Press. STOCKHOLM, Sept. 19.—Copen hagen dispatches said Germans had occupied all government buildings, including Parliament, in the Danish capital and all police stations through Denmark in a lightning move shortly before noon today.' The report said the Germans staged a false air alarm over Den mark and, while citizens took shel ter, the Nazis moved into the building. The Free Danish Press Service said the occupation order was is sued at Gestapo headquarters in Copenhagen three days ago. A German broadcast, recorded in New York by the FCC, said sentries outside the palace in Copenhagen fired on German marines after the occupation. Losses were reported on both sides. King Christian and Queen Alex andrine were said to have resumed residence in the palace recently after an absence of a year and a half. k Soviet Army Tightens Strangling Grip on Nazi Lines in Latvia Enemy Armored Reserves Ground Down at Rate Of Division a Day , By the Associated Press. MOSCOW, Sept. 19.—Grinding; (down German armored reserves at the rate of nearly one panzer i division a day^the Red Army has 'tightened a strangling grip on the enemy’s mid-Baltic commu nications in Latvia in a gigantic : five-day battle which may be another fulfillment of Premier Stalin’s classic strategy — sur round and destroy! Front reports today indicated there still Is no pause in the fero cious engagement begun Friday west of Jelgava, where the main Baltic roads and railways meet. The Russians claim to have knocked out 449 tanks and 365 planes on the eastern front in the last four days. Obviously most of this punishment has been inflicted in the Baltic sector. The fate of the German nothem army group, still estimated at more than 20 divisions, may be decided in the next few hours or days if the Nazis fail to keep open the life line from East Prussia through the' Jelgava area to the forces in East ern Latvia and Estonia. Narrow Coastal Corridor. A coastal corridor little more than 20 miles wide now connects the Ger- • mans above Riga with those holding Western Latvia and Western Lith-! uania. The Russians once snapped i this lifeline by plunging to the sea, but the Germans re-established it in heavy fighting. At the corridor's narrowest point !the enemy is throwing in continu ous heavy infantry and tank attacks to drive a wedge into the line held by Gen. Ivan C. Bagramian’s 1st Baltic Army and attempt to nullify Red Army plans to cut off and an : nihilate the German Army group piecemeal. (By German accounts the Rus sians were making their greatest effort to split the German Baltic forces 87 miles northeast of Riga instead of in the Jelgava area. Berlin said Red Army units in that area had outflanked Valga by crossing the Little Embajogi River, but the Russians said nothing of fighting there. (Berlin declared that three Soviet armies totaling more than 500,000 men had been hurled against the German Baltic posi tions and one commentator pre dicted an imminent onslaught by a fourth in the Narva sector of Estonia’s northeastern coast. (Broadcasts from Germany said Red Army units had driven a "deep penetration” northeast of Tartu in the direction of Tal linn, Estonian capital.) Silent on Warsaw Operations. Official silence screened details of the Soviet-Polish operations in the Warsaw area, but German strong points in the capital continued un der heavy Russian artillery fire. The Vistula proved a formidable barrier to Marshal Konstantin Rokossovsky who had to contend with new enemy reinforcements sent into action after he cleared the Praga district on the east bank. In the Carpathian highlands of Southern Galicia, Col. Gen. Ivan Petrov’s 4th Ukranian Army pressed on from the captured communica tions network centered in Ustriki Dolnie, but the enemy 'retained a strong bulge of positions on the approaches to the Czechoslovak frontier. Petrov's difficulties of terrain equaled or surpassed those of Mar shal Rodion Y. Malinovsky in Northern Transylvania where the Russian-Romanian advance was slowed down sharply. Among 3,000-foot peaks, Petrov’s artillerymen manhandled their guns into new placements while his Alpine infantry methodically rooted out enemy machinegun nests hidden in caves and rocky ledges. For nearly 48 hours there has been no news of Marshal Feodor I. Tolbulkin’s progress in Bulgaria west or south of Sofia, but he is be lieved continuing to fan out at the rear of the German garrison’s re maining in the Southern Balkans. 1 k PresidentOrders Steps to Close War Agencies Calls for Program To Put Government On Peace Basis By J. A. FOX. President Roosevelt served no tice today that war agencies must get ready to liquidate. “Some steps along these lines may be taken when the fighting ends in Europe,” the President said in a letter to Budget Director Harold D. Smith. He added, however, that “most of the planning will probably have to wait for execution until the Japs have surrendered—and there is no telling when that will happen.” Mr. Roosevelt told the budget di rector to survey the situation and submit at the earliest possible date a program “for adjusting the execu tive branch of the Government from the needs of war to the needs of peace”—a step which some offi cials already have estimated will mean a 50 per cent slash in the present force of approximately 3, 000,000 men and women. Three Principal Objectives. Emphasizing the necessity for careful planning to avoid disrup tion, the President said three princi pal objectives must be aimed at, as follows: 1. Liquidation of war agencies and the reassignment of such permanent functions as they possess; 2. Reduction o( Government per sonnel to a peace footing; 3. Simplification and adaptation of. the administrative structure to peacetime requirements. in stressing the need for careful planning in the task of demobiliza tion, Mr. Roosevelt reiterated an argument he advanced earlier this month in a letter to the Denver convention of the National Federa tion of Federal Employes, when be said * personnel cut was inescapa ble, but that it must tW carried out in such a manner that essential services will not be hurt. He gave no indication of what he thought might be done. The Budget Bureau several weeks ago told all agencies that estimates for the next fiscal year should be predicated on three bases: Suspen sion of hostilities on one front; end of the war in its entirety, and con tinuance in all sectors. Text of Letter. The text of the President's letter follows: ‘‘Total war has required a great expansion of Government activities, agencies and personnel. Our success on the battle fronts all over the world bears witness to the effective ness of our efforts. “Upon the termination of hostili ties, we must proceed with equal vigor to liquidate war agencies and reconvert the Government to peace. Some steps along these lines may be taken when the lighting ends in Eu rope. The transition trom war to peace should be carried forward rapidly, but with a minimum of dis order and disruption. Only careful planning can achieve this goal. “This is the time to do the plan ning, although the war—even in Europe—is not over. Most of the planning will probably have to wait for execution until the Japs have surrendered—and there is no way of telling when that will happen. But the plans should be ready. Asks Recommendations. “In order that I may most effec tively fulfill my responsibilities as Chief Executive in the demobiliza tion period, and may present ap propriate recommendations to Con gress on the reconversion of the Government agencies, I am asking you to re-examine the programs, organization and staffing of Govern ment agencies, and submit to me at the earliest possible date recom mendations for adjusting the execu tive branch of the Government from the needs of war to the needs of peace. “Such recommendations should include plans for the liquidation of war agencies and the reassignment of_such permanent or continuing (See AGENCIES, Page A-5.) | Armistice Is Signed By Finland With Soviet and Britain Moscow Announces Terms Will Be Disclosed Later; Negotiators Revealed Br the Associated Press. LONDON, Sept. 19 —The Mos cow radio announced today that Finland had signed an armistice with Russia and Britain. The first brief announcement, broadcast by the Soviet Informa tion Office and recorded here by the Soviet monitor, did not give the terms. They will be disclosed later. The official statement, however, listed the names of those partici pating in the negotiations, which were in progress from September 14 until today, when the agreement was signed. Britain and Russia signed the terms as representatives of the United Nations. Terms Reported Approved. A dispatch from Stockholm said it was reliably reported there that the armistice terms were formally approved by the Finnish Parliament in an early morning session. A Finnish news agency dispatch to Stockholm from Helsinki said the deputies assembled in a closed meet ing at 6:15 am., at which time the government presented ‘‘a document.” Shortly afterward the Parliament passed to the order of the day which, under Finnish parliamentary procedure, constitutes a vote of con fidence. Finnish sources said they expected the terms would be published of ficially later today, the Stockholm dispatch said. There still was no reliable advance picture of the details of the arm istice, but the Swedish press gen erally. on the basis of fragmentary reports, characterized them as "hard." Finns’ Anxiety Mounts. The stipulation causing the Finns most anxiety was said to be a Rus sian demand for a 50-year lease of the Porkkala naval base on the Finnish Gulf. Stockholm reported that one well-informed Finnish source said this demand embraced use of territory stretching inland from Porkkala to a point only 8 miles from Helsinki. This same source said Finnish troops already had begun opera tions against the Germans in Northern Finland, but it was un known whether actual fighting had developed. In some areas the Ger mans were said to be retiring. The Stockholm newspaper Dagens Nyheter said last night that the Finnish troops en route north were spurred on by resentment over re ports that the Germans were burn ing farm buildings and villages. A Berlin broadcast acknowledged there had been some demolitions, but de nied any “wanton burning" of Finnish property. Moscow Broadcast. The broadcast Moscow statement announcing the peace said: “During the period September 14 to September 19 negotiations took place in Moscow between repre sentatives of the Soviet Union and Great Britain, acting on behalf of (See FINLAND, Page A-5.) 'Lay Off Us Until Election/ UMW Replies to Ickes Appeal By the Associated Press. CINCINNATI. Sept. 19. — The United Mine Workers, replying to an appeal by Secretary Ickes for aid in preventing strikes of coal mine supervisors, asserted today “it would be a rare act of sportsman ship on the part of the Roosevelt administration to lay off us until after the election.” The reply, authorized at the min ers’ convention, was read to cheer ing delegates by John L. Lewis, president of the UMW. The Technical and Supervisory Employes’ Union, a unit of District 50, UMW, is "getting a rotten deal from the Government,” said the re ply, which objected also to omission Df an individual signature, saying “we are not sure the telegram was not written by Abe Fortas, who, as you know, is evilly disposed toward coal miners and is our cold and cal culating enemy.” Mr. Fortas is Undersecretary of the Interior. "We note,** the UMW reply con tinued, “what the message says i about the legal strike of supervisors at certain mines. We have been trying to be helpful on this matter, and our officers, too. The trouble, as you know, is the pulling and hauling of the various Government agencies, all at cross-purposes and each issuing orders that conflict with the other. "We think one of the main trou bles is that Park Avenue fellow, the big industry patent man, named Davis, who always has his knife out for our union and our officers. (This refers to William H. Davis, chairman of the War Labor Board.) "He is always having the Presi dent sign something which causes more trouble. The clerical, tech nical and supervisory employes in the mines are getting a rotten deal from the Government. This, of course, follows the rotten deal which the Government gave to all the coal miners in 1943 and 1944. Why don’t you ask the President to order Portas, Hopkins, Frankfurter, Byrnes, Vinson and the Park ave (See MINERS, Page A-5.) Two War Correspondents Captured by Germans By the Associated Press. UNITED STATES 3d ARMY HEADQUARTERS IN FRANCE, Sept. 19. — War Correspondents Wright Bryan of the Atlanta Journal and Edward W. Beattie of the United Press were captured by the Germans on September 12 four mlies north of Chaumont, headquarters for Gen. Pershing in the World War. Mr. Bryan was wounded slightly in the leg. Mr. Beattie was not in jured. Both presumably were taken to Germany. A third reporter, captured with them, was freed by an Allied arm ored column and has returned to the 3d Army press camp. Army regula tions forbid publication of his name at this time. The freed correspondent, who also was uninjured, said he and his two colleagues were captured while on their way to Chaumont, which they believed to be in Allied hands, to report the mass surrender of nearly 20,000 Germans. The next day, he said, he was put in a long column of prisoners and marched toward Ger many, but an Allied armored column overtook the group and they were freed. UNRRA Council Told Military Must Handle First Relief Steps MacReady and Edgerton Say Civil Officials Can Take Over in 6 Months By JOSEPH H. BAIRD, Star Staff Correspondent MONTREAL, Sept. 19.—Imme diate relief measures in Europe must be governed by military considerations, and all that can be hoped for in the beginning is the "minimum necessary to maintain life and health,” Lt. Gen. G. N. MacReady of the Anglo-American combined chiefs of staff told the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Ad ministration Council today. "Any additional supplies which the civil authorities desire to spon sor must be considered in the light of military priorities,” ne declared. Gen. MacReady and Maj. Gen. Glen L. Edgerton of the United States Army combined in making a report to the UNRRA Council on Studies of Relief Operations con ducted by the Civil Affairs Com mittee of the combined chiefs of staff. Depends on Military Necessities. While declaring that the military authorities wanted in every possible way to co-operate with UNRRA and aid in the rehabilitation of Europe, Gen. MacReady declared: "Everything in this connection will depend on the hard realities of military necessities including, in particular, the shipping situation, availability of port facilities and inland transportation, and the con ditions prevailing within the lib erated areas in relation to the mili tary situation. “Essential military production, es sential military shipping, essential military use of ports and transpor tation must all be met before the military authorities can undertake to arrange for the importation of anything beyond the essential min imum civilian supplies for any country with which they are con cerned.” « Military Control for 6 Months. In general, said the British officer, it is the plan of the military au thorities to assume the responsi bility for relief in zones of military operation for about six months. However, he added: “They are anxious to be relieved of this responsibility at the earliest moment consistent with the military necessities of the situation; with the present development of the (See UNRRA, Page A-5.) Late Bulletin 700 Bombers Raid Hamm LONDON (/P). —About 700 Flying Fortresses, accompan ied by an equal number of fighters, attacked German rail yards at Hamm and Soest today, while other hundreds of Allied planes reinforced and supplied the 1st Airborne Army invading the Nether lands. (Earlier Story on Page A-3.) Dewey Will Discuss 'Indispensable Man' In Portland Tonight White House Is Blamed For Wartime Strikes in Address at Seattle f Text o/ Gov. Dewey’s Seattle address on Page A-9.J By J. A. O’LEARY, 8tar Staff Correspondent. ON DEWEY TRAIN EN ROUTE TO PORTLAND, Oreg., Sept. 19.—Gov. Thomas E. Dewey, who made a supreme effort in Seattle last night to lure the labor vote away from the New Deal, will turn his guns on the fourth-term issue In Portland tonight by an swering the question “Is there an Indispensable man?” The Republican nominee, address i ing a crowd of nearly 7,000 in the Seattle Civic Auditorium, began his indictment of the New Deal's labor policy by charging It haa “bred class division, hate and insecurity,” that it has been one of “delays, bungling and incompetence; it has put untold obstacles in the way of labor’s effort to avoid wartime ! strikes, it has foatered strife between one labor group and another, be tween labor and business and be tween both and government." Gov. Dewey placed the blame for moat of the serious wartime strikes on the doorstep of the White House, because of War Labor Board delay in deciding cases. He pictured the rights of workers as having been “smothered under a welter of agencies, boards, com missions and bureaus.” Offer* Program. But he did not stop after listing what he believes to be the mistakes of the administration. He also laid before the country his own program for labor, if elected. High lights of that program are: Government by law, under a Sec retary of Labor from the ranks of labor. Restore the Labor Department to the position it once occupied so workers will no longer have to "knock on door after door’’ at other agencies to find out what their rights are. Abolish many of the competing agencies “filled with men quarrel ing for jurisdiction.” Establish equality between busi ness, labor and agriculture, with "full employment at a high wage level.” Protect the individual from loss of earning power through no fault of his own, and protection against the hazards of old age. Urges Higher Standards. “We must have these things with in the framework of free—and I mean free — collective bargaining,” the Republican nominee declared. "To reach these goals we must in crease, not decrease, our standard of living. We must increase, not decrease, our production.” The large crowd listened atten tively and frequently recorded its approval of his labor views. -There were hearty laughs when he recited the list of different alphabetical agencies that have a hand in the administration of labor problems. There was another outburst when he referred to Secretary of Labor Per kins as “an estimable lady who has been Secretary of Labor in name only.” Gov. Dewey’s Seattle speech may prove to be the most important ut terance he will make in this cam paign, because he was appealing in the most convincing terms to the millions of organized workers who have been the backbone of Presi dent Roosevelt’s strength for 12 years. His chance of election well may depend on whether he succeeded in persuading them that all groups of labor will fare better under his ad ministration. Backs Collective Bargaining. He gave unqualified indorsement to collective bargaining and warned those who would turn back from that principle they are doomed to disappointment. Gov. Dewey did not mention the CIO, whose leaders are in the fore front of the Roosevelt campaign, through the Political Action Com mittee, or the American Federation of Labor, which leaves political in dorsements to its State or regional branches. But the whole theme of his ad dress was a promise to the rank and file of all unions of equitable treat pn pp-e A-'', r--"'—-> 1 ) Senate Yields In Fight Over Reconversion Backs Conferees in ? Dropping Travel Pay, U. S. Job insurance By the AuocUted Pres*. A joint congressional commit tee gave its final approval to a postwar reconversion bill today after eliminating a Senate pro vision to authorize unemploy ment compensation for 3,100,000 Federal employes and back home travel pay for discharged war workers. Chairman George of the Senate conferees promptly brought the modified proposal to the floor and it was passed by a voice vote and sent to the House for final action. “The House having voted to in sist upon its disagreement, we were confronted with two alternatives— to accept the provisions of the bill upon which there was agreement, or have no bill at all,” Senator George said in a statement. The agreement removed one of the major obstacles to a congressional recess this week end until after the November elections. Would Co-ordinate Activities. Stripped of its unemployment and back home pay provisions, the re conversion bill sets up an OfHce of War Mobilizaiton and Reconversion to co-ordinate all activities of Fed eral agencies dealing with these problems. “It is believed that such an office is vitally necessary to the orderly reconversion from war to peace,” Senator George said. He added that the modified meas ure still retains a Senate provision setting up a revolving loan fund to guarantee the solvency of the State unemployment compensation sys tems. The House yesterday rejected the travel pay provision by a vote of 239 to 90, and the Federal workers jobless compensation, under state standards, 174 to 154, after Ways and Means Chairman Doughton op posed legislating on postwar pro grams “until we know the cost.’’ ' Doughton to Ask Study. However, Mr. Doughton told the House he would call on the Ways and Means group as soon as prac ticable for a complete study of pro , posals for separate legislation for ■ expansion of unemployment com pensation and broader coverage of workers under the general social se i curity program. “We then can act with sqme , knowledge of the merit and the cost 'of such legislation,” he said. ' A compromise version of the : surplus property disposal meas ure, providing for the disposal of upward of $100,000,000,000 of ac cumuated war surpluses by a three member board, passed the House yesterday, 174 to 91, after a motion ito recommit the measure to con ; ferees was rejected, 169 to 150. I Ratification by the Senate today | would send the bill to an uncertain fate at the White House. Surplus j Property Administrator Will L. I Clayton has criticized the compro mise as "unworkable.” U. S. Grants Recognition To Syria and Lebanon By the Associated Tress. The United States recognized the governments of Syria and Lebanon today and President Roosevelt nomi nated George Wadsworth, a career diplomat of Buffalo, to.be the first American Minister to the two for mer French mandates. Secretary of State Hull, terming American recognition of their inde pendence a matter of gratification to this Government, added: “I am confident that the free nations of Syria and Lebanon will play a helpful part in the co operative task of international peace and progress which lies before us.” He said terms of the 1919 League of Nations mandate recognized the right of the two countries to even tual independence and added that I French co-operation in bringing it about had been of great assistance. Mr. Wadsworth has been diplo matic agent at Beirut and Damascus and has held State Department posts in Constantinople, Sofia and Cairo. Tokyo Radio Reports Air Attack on Davao By tlrt Associated Press. NEW YORK, Sept. 19 —The Tokvo radio said today that "about 50 enemy planes, including B-24's and P-38’s,” raided the city of Davao on the Southern Philippine Island of Mindanao yesterday. The broadcast, recorded by th« FCC, also said that “some 100 car rier-based planes” raided Koror Is land In the Palau group north of invaded Peleliu and Anguar yes terday. iJMM Laurel Results FIRST RACE—Purse. *2,000; 2-yeir old maidens; allowances, 6 furlongs. Chance Ace (Coule) 6.40 3 80 3.40 Land Cruiser (Kirkland) 4.40 3.8(i Saving (Wall) 11.40 Time—1.16%. Also ran—alndlan Brave, aSir Jinx. Sun Bart, Val Victory, Ballyrag. Mary Knoll. Little Muskard. a Howard Bruce-C. F. Hockley entry. SECOND RACE—Purse. $2,000; 3-year, olda and up; claiming; 6 furlongs. Turnabout (Rienxi) 17.70 7.80 4.70 Nellie Mowlee (Young) 4 70 3.SO Boy Larkmead (Buxton) 4.80 Time—1.16%. Alio ran—Rough Command. Ebro. Top Tranait. Bolo Ella, Ashame. War Bhy, Bow Wave, Cape May. (Daily Double paid $82.30.) Third Overseas Edition Available Tomorrow The third issue of The Star’s new overseas edition will b* available tomorrow at The Star’s business counter and at the Victory Bond booth at Lansburgh’s Department Store. It is free, with an en velope, ready for mailing to Washington men and women in the services. The edition —*’i v- »*nited.