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.... • k y 4 . L fijfpj ;ru 4 \ An Associated Prass Newspaper 92d TEAR. No. 36,668. WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 20, 1944—FORTY-FOUR PAGES. ★★★ 5 CENTS. Allies in Position for New Drive Into Reich Above Siegfried Line; Capture of Boulogne Is Reported * Nazis in Holland Are Faced With Entrapment BULLETIN. LONDON <#>.—British tanks have crossed the lower Rhine at Nijmegen, in Holland, and are hitting north toward Arn hem, on the upper branch of the Rhine, the official Nether lands radio station said to night. UNITED STATES 3d ARMY HEADQUARTERS, France <JP). —Allied troops under Lt. Gen. George S. Patton, jr., advanced 8 miles in the Baccarat area today. Americans captured Chatel, on the east side of the Moselle River between Charmes and Epinal, and seized a Luneville road junc tion south of Nancy. By the Associated Press. LONDON, Sept. 20.—Fashion ing a vast trap for the Germans, massive forces of the British 2d Army and the Allied 1st Air Borne Army today straddled the lower Rhine in Holland 5 miles from Germany, and were in posi tion for a new invasion of the Reich around the upper end of the Siegfried Line. Supreme headquarters announced that Allied troops and supplies con tinued to pour in today for the fourth consecutive day. As the great operations were pressed on the Netherlands front, j Canadian troops battled into the; Channel port of Boulogne, and an unconfirmed Algiers broadcast said the German garrison already had surrendered. On the Brittany Peninsula, the big supply port of Brest was firmly in American hands. British 2d Army armor threw a 50-mile long cut-off wall across Eastern Holland in 48 hours. It merged solidly with parachute glider soldiers dropped near Nij megen on the Waal Ryn (Rhine). The British apparently were battling on to link with still other sky troops 10 miles farther north on the upper branch of the river near Arnhem. Line Being uumanked. The Siegfried Line was being out flanked. The path was opening for a wheeling offensive across the flat lands of Northern Germany. Nazis in Southwestern Holland were men aced with entrapment. Americans struck fierce German resistance in the invasion of Ger many, and in their offensives from the Nancy-Metz line and toward the Belfort Gap farther south. But two doughboy columns had thrust 20 miles or more beyond Nancy to ward Strasbourg. The whole Netherlands front was developing into a potential vast new trap for the enemy. The lower Rhine defenses had been turned by the assault from the sky and the ground power drive of the British. Allied planes battered at a German rush of reinforcements into the Netherlands and other points along the front. The British drive enveloped Eind hoven and stabbed on 45 miles far- j ther north, joining men of the 1st Allied Air-Borne Army at or near, Nijmegen. They perhaps are already ! linked up with the pocket of Allied soldiers at Arnhem. Visit by Himmler Reported. German resistance tightened con siderably. Heinrich Himmler was reported to have visited German units in Holland, urging "stiffest re sistance." But the two Allied armies were steadily enlarging their stand, blocking most of the roads to Rot terdam and Amsterdam. The Paris radio said even the Utrecht line of retreat had been cut by Allied land ings from planes. Berlin broadcasts acknowledged a , retreat across the Western Schelde. Polish troops had burst more than 3 miles across the Hulst Canal to within 3 miles of the Schelde estuary west of Antwerp. Americans in the southeastern corner of Holland crossed into Ger many east of Sittard and Amsten rade. 20 miles above Aachen, and east of Simpelveld, 7 miles above that ruined city. Perhaps the greatest steeling of Nazi resistance was along the West Wall defenses from well north of Aachen to Trier. The American 1st Army was on or across the Reich’s frontier almost everywhere along an 80-mile front. Battle in Aachen's Streets. Yanks and Germans fought In the streets of Aachen. Some enemy troops held out in the factory dis trict of by-passed Stolberg, 6 miles farther inside Germany. Americans were shelling Duren, 15 miles be yond Aachen and 20 miles from Co logne. Prum, 8 miles inside Ger (See WESTERN FRONT, PageA^l) More Space Available For Local Advertising Effective for the month of October, The Star will make available to local display ad vertisers 95 per cent of the space used by them in The Star during October, 1943. This has been made possible through advertising space re ductions that became effec tive during October last year and as a result of other econ omies that were made to com ply with the limitations on the use of paper imposed by the War Production Board. a r Caruso Testifies Kesselring Ordered Roundup of Hostages Ex-Police Chief's Trial, Secretly Shifted, Opens Quietly in Rome Under Heavy Guard (Pictures on Page B-l.) By the Associated Press. ROME, Sept. 20—His hands trembling, former Police Chief Pietro Caruso testified today at the trial for his life in the Pa lazzo Corsini that Marshal Albert Kesselring, Nazi commander in Italy, had ordered him to fur nish 80 Italian hostages for ex ecution in reprisal for the bomb ing of an SS column. The trial, delayed Monday by the lynching of Donato Carretta, former assistant director of the Regina Coeti Jail and chief state witness, started quietly while Allied police stood watchfully by. The new choice of a courtroom was kept secret until the trial opened. Many lines of po lice blocked the streets leading to the palace and patrolled all the building’s corridors. Caruso was Rome's police chief during the last four months'bf Ger man occupation. He said Marshal Kesselring s order was transmitted through the former German SS commander In Rome, one Happier. The 80 were to be executed with hundreds of others, he said Testifying he was aware of the gravity of tfye request, Caruso as serted he sought guidance from former Fascist Minister of the In terior Buffarini-Guidi. _“ You had better turn them over, (See CARUSO^Page~A-6T> Germans Gothic Line Breached by Yanks On 6-Mile Front Americans Penetrate Defenses 22 Miles Above Florence By the Associated Tress. ROME, Sept. 20. — American troops of the 5th Army breached the Germans’ Gothic Line on a 6-mile front above Florence after a week of intensive fighting and have struck within 3 miles of the important road center of Firen zuola, headquarters announced today. Storming steep mountain slopes, the Yanks won the heights of Castel Guerrino and Lacroce and pene trated well into the heart of the Gothic defenses 22 miles northeast of Florence. Front-line dispatches to the United States Army newspaper Stars and Stripes said the gains through the rugged mountains "cost us an uncomfortable number of losses." The official announcement said. "Although no large-scale break through is apparent, the 5th Army penetrated against defenses which are stronger than any yet encoun tered in Italy.” On the east coast, units of the British 8th Army battered to within rifle range of Rimini, gateway to the Po Valley. On the flank of the Americans, Brazilian, South African, British and Indian infantry also scaled mountain strongholds and came to grips with the enemy at close quar ters. “The capture of most important hill features within the past 48 hours threatens the whole enemy position," it was commented official ly at 5th Army headquarters. Argentine Movie Makes Hull Quack Like a Duck By the Associated Press. BUENOS AIRES, Sept. 20.—Sec retary of State Hull was caricatured in animated Argentine movie car toons today as an irascible oldster debating issues with Donald Duck. Two such cartoons, made on raw film imported from the United States, have been released. Without these film imports, the Argentine motion picture industry would die. Mr. Hull was represented as speaking in a language closely re sembling the quacking of the duck. The cartoons sought to make the point that Mr. Hull and the people of the United States, represented by Uncle Sam, did not share identical views. Similar suggestions that the Ar gentine government and the Argen tine people are not in harmony deeply .offend Buenos Aires au thorities. Government to Seize Count Ciano's Property By the Associated Press. ROME, Sept. 20.—The Italian gov ernment announced today that the properties of the late Count Galeaz zo Ciano and 96 prominent Fascists will be confiscated under a decree providing seizure of Fascist profits. Ciano. former Foreign Minister, was executed by the Fascists last January 12 for the part he played as a member of the Fascist Grand Council in the ousting of his father in-law. Benito Mussolini, as dictator of Italy. House Group Backs Pearl Harbor Inquiry By Congress at Once Declares Any Inquiry By Armed Services Might Be 'Biased' By the Associated Press. A House Naval Affairs Sub committee today 'urged an im mediate congressional investiga tion of the Pearl Harbor attack, declaring any inquiry by the armed forces themselves might be “biased” and that “we should learn for ourselves what hap pened” at the Pacific base De cember 7, 1941. The subcommittee, consisting of Representatives Hebert, Democrat, of Louisiana; Cole, Republican, of New York, and Hess, Republican, of Ohio, made its recommendations In letters to Chairman Vinson of the full committee and Chairman May of the House Military Affairs Com mittee. Assigned some time ago to inspect naval installations in the Caribbean and in South America, the three wrote: “Ever since the disaster at Pearl Harbor loose and irresponsible stories have been circulated • * • within recent weeks the demand for j an investigation of all the facts surrounding the Pearl Harbor de bacle has become increasingly vocal and universal. “It may be that there was a time when the exigencies of war made it inadvisable that such an investiga tion be made. That time appears j now to have passed. “We strongly feel that it is the definite responsibility of thgse com mittees (naval and military affairs) to ascertain for themselves the true facts. * * * Any studies of the case made by the services them selves perchance may be colored and biased. "We should learn for ourselves, draw our own conclusions and make our own recommendations." Representative Harness, Repub lican, of Indiana offered a resolu tion in Congress Monday calling for a five-man commission to investi gate and make public, before the November elections, details of the attack on Pearl Harbor. Jap-Americans Returning To Pacific Defense Area Br the Associated Press. SEATTLE, Sept. 20.—The return of Japanese-Americans, forbidden in the Pacific Coast defense area since 1942, has started under an Army approved program for "screened” individuals, the Rev. U. G. Murphy, chairman of the Evacuees’ Service Council, has disclosed. Mr. Murphy described the plan as an "infiltration” program to "ease the Japanese-Americans back to the Pacific Coast to test commu nity sentiment.” The system likewise is being worked in Seattle, Portland, San Francisco and Los Angeles, Mr. Murphy told a special civic meeting yesterday, and added that a Japa nese-American girl had been al lowed to return to high school at Pasadena, Calif. The first known Japanese-Amer ican to return to Seattle under the exemption from the 1942 Evacuation Act, which is still in force, is Miss Kaoru Ichihara, a secretary of the Seattle Council of Churches. Nazi Plan to Desert Rhineland Hits Snag as People Won't Go By THOMAS R. HENRY, 8t»r War Correspondent. WITH AMERICAN TROOPS IN THE RHINELAND, Sept. 20.— Nazidom’s dying gesture perhaps will be to m*ke a desert of the Rhineland, applying the scorched-earth policy. A general order has been issued by Gauleiter Groeh of Cologne call ing for evacuation of the total civil ian population of the ‘'gau'’ (prov ince) of Cologne-Aachen. There are now more than 2,000,000 people in this area. The order becomes effective in each community with the issuance of a special march order. Blue posters plastered on the walla of vil lages entered by American troops proclaim the march orders In these communities. The people have been threatened with penalties up to death for dis obedience. At the same time, they are urged to obey the orders be cause it is the Fuehrer’s wish. But from the first Allied border crossing it is obvious that manv are evading the order. The villages were empty at first, but in a few hours folks crept in from their forest hideouts and timidly began, routine life. I drove many miles along the Ger man border near the West Wall yes terday. A few fanners were peace fully plowing their fields and tend ing cattle. Housewives were wash ! ing end their children playing. They (Bee HENRY, Page A-3.) Russians Report Tanks Deep in Riga Defenses New, Massive Drive May Clear All Foe From Baltic Area | Ey the Associatec: Press. MOSCOW, Sept. 20.—A massive Baltic drive, first phase of a supreme Russian autumn offen sive, today rolled the Germans back steadily over the Latvian front, menacing Riga and threat ening to bring its fall within a short time. Front dispatches said advance tank and motorized infantry units had pushed deep into the city's de fenses. The official communique an nounced an approach to within 6 miles as the Red Army edged in from three sides and brought artil lery to bear. In four days the Russian Baltic armies have captured nearly 3,000 communities in their attack, which promises to clear all the Germans shortly from Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania and pave the way for the remaining steps of the autumn offensive, expected to be bigger than anything to date. Developments may be expected from the Gulf of Fin land to Yugoslavia. Russians Fury Mounts. The fury with which the Red Army is attacking™ on the Baltic front seems indicative of the way Premier Stalin's forces finally will tear into the Nazis on every sector The present northern campaign ap pears aimed at driving out, killing or capturing the last German in the Baltle region before the first snows ! of winter. The heaviest Russian attack in Latvia occurred southeast of Riga, with Gen. Ivan Bagramian's forces smashing forward 25 miles on a 75 mile front, sending the Germans reeling back into the Latvian cap ital. More than 2,000 places fell in that area within four days. The closest approach to Riga officially disclosed came with cap ture of &ekava, on the west bank of the Daugava iDvina) River, 6 miles south of the city. A Soviet communique said the Germans there had orders "not to retreat a single step,” but they lost more than 3.000 men. In five days on the whole front the Oermans have lost 670 tanks and 390 planes. Nazi Annies Face Split. On the Estonia-Latvia frontier, Gen. Ivan Maslennikov’s 3d Baltic Army captured Valga, 60 miles east of the Gulf of Riga, in a drive that threatened to divide the German armies in Estonia from those to the south. Through Valga run five im portant railways. East of Riga the Red Army seized another important communications center, Plavinas, as part of a drive which engulfed more than 600 com munities. The Germans attempted a coun terattack west of Jelgava below Riga to protect the coastal corridor connecting their forces in Eastern and Western Latvia, but the Soviet communique said the attacks were repulsed. The Russians cut this corridor August 1 by plunging to the sea, but the Germans managed to reopen it three weeks later. At that time it was estimated that 20 German di visions. possibly 200,000 men, re mained along the shores of the Baltic to the north. Forces in Romania Gain. Southward in Romania combined Romanian-Russian forces captured Timisoara, 20 miles from the Yugo slav border and 73 miles northeast of Belgrade, Yugoslav capital. There was no official Russian word on action on other fronts, but Red Army artillery kept firing at Warsaw from across the Vistula River. (German broadcasts said the Russians had bridged the swift and wide Vistula north of War saw.) There was reason to believe that the long siege of Warsaw was going according to schedule and that Mar shal Rokossovsky was tightening pressure by the hour. After capturing Timisoara, sev enth largest Romanian city of 90. 000, the Russians pushed the Ger mans and Hungarians back onto the broad, wheat-clothed Hungarian plain within 148 miles of Budapest. Fog Covers Baltic. The main immediate objective in the Baltic states was the division and liquidation of Col. Gen. Georg Lindemann’s 16th and 18th German armies, comprising more than 20 divisions. A dense autumn log lay over the Baltic. The Russians reported great confusion in German ranks with many large units hopelessly lost and wandering in the Riga forests. Izvestia said the tanks of Lt. Gen. Obukhov, who captured Jel gava, -"are breaking through to Riga.” Before the war 393,000 per sons lived in that Baltic seaport 312 miles southwest of Leningrad. The capture of Valga in Estonia on the Latvian frontier was a ma jor strategic victory which Izvestia said "opened the route to the Gulf of Riga.” WLB Permits $25 Bonuses Employers may pay a Christmas or year-end bonus up to $25 to each employe this year without War La bor Board approval, the board has ruled. -— Rogge Reprimanded by Eicher For Sedition T rial Interviews PM and New Masses Cited in Finding of 'Improper Conduct' By CARTER BROOKE JONES. O. John Rogge, chief prose cutor at the sedition trial, was reprimanded today by Chief Jus tice Edward C. Eicher for “im proper conduct” in giving inter views concerning the trial to the newspaper PM and the maga zine New Masses. The reprimand was made on mo tion of E. Hilton Jackson, attorney for Gerald B. Winrod. In a written motion citing the interviews, the at torney asked "protection from state ments attributed to the prosecutor." Justice Eicher commented that statements made in open court by j (ConttnuecTion Page A-67Column l » I _I Sedition Defense Asks Trial Between 3:30 and 9:30 P.M. Chief Justice Edward C. Eicher took under advisement today a defense suggestion that the sedition trial be held daily from 3:30 to 9:30 p.m. instead of from 10 a m. to 4 p.m. De fense attorneys pointed out that the new hours would enable court - appointed counsel to make a living during the trial, which already has lasted five months. Chief Prosecutor O. John Rogge opposed the change. The court promised to look into the problem. There are 14 lawyers appoint ed as defense counsel and they serve without pay. Philippines Hit Again, Apparently From Base On Captured Morotai All but Northern Tip Of Peleliu Reported Under Yanks' Control By the Associated Press. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, New Guinea. Sept. 20.—The first big raid on the Philippines since the twin invasions of Morotai and the Palaus indicated today the “battle of the approaches”: has entered a new phase on the south. To the east, one of two invaded islands in the Palaus virtually was conquered and unofficial reports from the invasion scene placed the other on the point of falling. At Morotai. W’ithin 300 miles of the I Southern Philippines, today's report 1 implied that newly acquired base already is throwing punches at the ; primary objective of Gen. Douglas MacArthur. For the first time, he I listed attacks by Mitchell medium I bombers. They spread fires over the air drome and piers at Buayan on that portion of Mindanao which is near est to Morotai. In a communique last night at Pearl Harbor, Admiral Chester W. Nimitz announced that 81st Division troops hold two-thirds of Angaur, southernmost of the Palaus, and have pocketed remnants of the small Japanese garrison. On heavily-defended Peleliu Island, marine captors of the prized airdrome were credited in official reports with controlling most of the east coast but found the going rough against Japanese pillbox and trench (See PACIFIC, Page A-5.) I 1 — l Arlington Flyer Bombs City of His Birth—Coblenz By the Associated Press. UNITED STATES 9th AIR FORCE HEADQUARTERS. France, Sept. 16 (Delayed) .—Lt. William E. Chickering. jr„ of 2600 South Six teenth street, Arlington. Va., dropped a 500-pound bomb today on the city of his birth—Coblenz, Germany. The bomb destroyed three loco motives in the Coblenz railroad yards. The guns of his P-38 Light ning accounted for two other loco motives. Lt. Chickering made the attack with a Lightning group commanded by Col. Clinton C. Wasem, Dayton. Ohio. His father is Brig. Gen. William E. Chickering, chief of the Army Postal Service at Washington. While serving with the Army of Occupa tion in Germany in 1919-21, the elder Chickering met the daughter of Brig. Gen. John J. Bradley, now retired. They were married and lived in Coblentz until 1923. when they left for the Upited States with their 6-month-old son. Lt. Chickering, 22, was graduated from Wilson Senior High School here and was a student at the Uni versity of Michigan when he joined the Air Force in December, 1942. He was sent overseas last February. Forrestal Tells Legion 'It May Be Cheaper To Remain Armed' Urges Universal Military Training, Strong Navy To Prevent Wars BULLETIN. CHICAGO </P>.—’The Amer ! lean Legion today advocated participation by the United States in an association of free and sovereign nations ; backed by whatever “force may be necessary” to prevent future wars. The Legion also called for immediate enact j ment of a universal military training law. By the Associated Pres*. CHICAGO. Sept. 20—Navy Secretary Forrestal said today “it may be cheaper to remain armed than to fight wars,” and proposed prevention of future wars,” by universal military j training, maintenance of a strong Navy and national knowl edge of world problems. At the same time he asserted in an address before the American Legion National Convention that although the end of the European war is in sight, there remains “a man-sized job disposing of the Japanese.” Mr. Forrestal added that when he spoke of “disposing of the Japanese” he meant that American forces must “not stop until we have inflicted crushing defeat and have occupied Japan.” He asserted that “complete surrender and occupation” of Ger many must “go doubly for Japan, because the menace of that ener getic and warlike race, history has shown, cannot be restrained by written agreement,” Compulsory Training Urged. But he talked primarily of more distant problems, and listed these suggestions “from the Navy point of view”: 1. “Getting on the statute books of the country as speedily as pos sible a law for universal and com (Continued on Page A-6, Column 4.) j Dewey Stresses Peril Of Fourth Term With Republican Congress Governor Denies President is Indispensable in Speech at Portland DEWEYS ESCAPE injury in rail wreck; truck imperils car. Page A-t (Text of Dewey Address on Page A-lSj By J. A. O’LEARY, Star Staff Correspondent. PORTLAND, Oreg., Sept. 20— The danger of a stalemate in Government in Washington dur ing the crucial four years ahead if the people should elect a Re publican Congress and at the same time continue President Roosevelt in the White House has brought into the open as a campaign issue by Governor Thomas E. Dewey. In his "indispensable man” speech here last night the Repub lican nominee put this question to a Nation-wide radio audience: "My opponent has demonstrated that he cannot work with the pres ent Democratic Congress. How in the name of the future of our coun try can he be expected to get along with the Republbican Congress which will certainly be elected this fall?” Unruffled by Escape. Apparently unruffled by two es capes from serious injury. Gov. Dewey promised to tell tomorrow's audience at San Francisco "the philosophy by which I believe we can achieve our two great goals for America—freedom and security for all.” The Governor did not refer to the train wreck which had delayed his arrival in Portland for several hours or to a narrow escape when the automobile bringing him here swerved to avoid a truck. His campaign train was repaired overnight so he could resume his journey south today. The crowd of 6.000 in the ice arena here last night was the most en thusiastic that has turned out to hear Gov. Dewey on this trip. It applauded frequently, but louder than ever when he predicted elec tion of a Republican Congress this fall. Broken Treaties Recalled. Gov. Dewey not only lashed out at the argument Mr. Roosevelt is indispensable, but warned that the peace to be sought after this war “must not hang by the slender thread of personal acquaintance of any two or three men.” "The pages of history are littered with treaties proclaiming perma nent peace made privately by rulers of nations and quickly and publicly broken,” he continued. "This cause is too important to be trusted to discredited methods or to be de pendent upon the life span and con tinued friendship of two or three individuals.” His words obviously were aimed at the meetings from time to time be tween Prime Minister Churchill, President Roosevelt and Premier Stalin, and he followed this up with a demand for "a people's peace,” worked out “in the full light of day before all the world.” Again, he said, “The American peo ple know that peace will be the (See DEWEY, Page A-2 > Nelson to Leave China Soon; U. S. Plans Reported Accepted By the Associated Press. CHUNGKING, Sept. 20.—Donald M. Nelson, chief of the War Produc tion Board, who has been confer ring here with Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek, announced today he was leaving “very shortly” for the United States to report to President Roose velt. Gen. Chiang is understood to have accepted a set of recommendations submitted by Mr. Nelson, including definite plans to bring more of China’s presently available indus trial potential to bear on the com bined effort to defeat Japan at the earliest possible moment. Mr. Nelson, who came here with Maj. Gen. Patrick J. Hurley, said he expected to return to Chungking later in the year, "when the opera M tional phases of the joint program are getting into full swing.” 'Meanwhile, a Chinese cabinet spokesman, commenting on progress by Japanese troops in their cam paign to cut China in two, said "it cannot be denied that the military situation in China today 4s very serious.” ^ The spokesman, P. H. Chang, said, however, that ample preparations were being made for the defense of Kweilin, Kwangsi Province strong point, and “when the enemy comes we shall deal him a severe blow.” Japanese columns were reported last night only 40 miles northeast of Kweilin, where the United States 14th Air Force recently blew up and abandoned most of its extensive installations. Work Finished, Congress Ready To Start Recess Reconversion Bill Passed by House, Goes to President By the Ateoeleted Pre»*. Action on a four-way congres sional program designed to gear the country to the end of war in Europe was completed today. The House, by overwhelming voic* vote, sent to President Roosevelt’* desk a “State's rights” demobiliza tion and reconversion bill — last major item in the general pattern— and Speaker Rayburn expressed th* hope that Congress would reces* later this week until after the No vember elections. Many lawmaker* already have left Washington. "The only thing I can see that would keep us here after this week,” Mr. Rayburn said, "is that some members might want to sit here to see if the President will veto th* reconversion and surplus property disposal bills. In my opinion, th* President will sign them both.” Specific Mandate. The mobilization and reconver sion legislation includes a specific mandate on the demobilization of the armed forces when men are no longer needed for fighting. It de clares: “The War and Navy Department* shall not retain persons in th* armed forces for the purpose of pre venting unemployment or awaiting opportunities for employment.” Under this bill, control of unem ployment insurance is left entirely in the hands of the States, and at House insistence the bill was shorn of Senate provisions for "back home” travel pay, up to *200 a fam ily, for war workers. Unemployment insurance for 3.100.000 Federal workers also was eliminated. Chairman George of the Senate Postwar Committee said, “We have done everything we can now to pre pare for the collapse of Germany," and added: “We have drawn a general pro gram for the release of wartime economic controls and a return to our free enterprise system and th* American ways of life. We shall supplement and improve this pro gram to meet developments, as ad ditional facts are clear to us.” Keaay lor V-Day. Chairman Colmer of the Hous# Postwar Planning Committee said "obviously, the existing political at mosphere is not conducive to sound legislation.” ar.d that it is hia opinion the four pieces of legislation are "all that is immediately neces sary for the approaching V-day.” This program embraces: 1. Creation of an office of war mobilization and reconversion, to j co-ordinate the program for shift I ing from a war to a peacetime economy. 2. Machinery for the disposal of $100,000,000,000 of war accumulated Government property, under the su pervision of a three-member board. 3. A system of terminating war contracts, involving billions of dol lars and intended to facilitate in dustry in speedily shifting from the production of weapons of war to civilian goods. 4. The "GI bill of rights.” provid ing benefits for war veterans. Debt Provision Deleted. The Senate passed the surplus war property bill and sent it to the White House last night. Senator Wherry, Republican, of Nebraska, protested against elimination of a provision directing that all receipt* be applied against the national debt. He said the provision was written into both Senate and House bills, but was deleted by the conferee* in violation of Senate rules. Discussing the program with newspapermen. Senator George em phasized particularly a need for future revision of tax laws to en courage private enterprise. Robots Land in London For Third Straight Night By the AsMeiatetf Pres*. LONDON, Sept. 20.—For the third night in succession the Germans struck at London and southern counties with flying bombs last night. Although the attack was not heavy compared with previous robot assaults, considerable damage waa done to homes in scattered areas. A Are watcher was among the fatal ities. The new assault gave added weight to the warnings of govern ment officials that the danger is not over and those evacuated during the height of the blits should not re turn home. There were indications that the number of returning evacuees was diminishing. Late Bulletin Permanent FEPC Backed The Senate Labor Commit tee today reported favorably to the Senate a bill setting up a permanent Fair Employ ment Practices Commission with authority to prevent ra cial and other discriminations in postwar hiring. Third Overseas Edition Ready for Mailing The third issue of The Star’s new Overseas Edition is avail able today at The Star’s busi ness counter and at the Victory Bond booth of Lansburgh’s Department Store. It is free, with an envelope, ready for mailing to Washington men and women In the services. The edition is limited.