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Late New York Market*, Page A-13.
Guide for Readers ' Page. Alter Dark_B-ll Amusements ...A-14 Comics ..J B-14-15 Editorials .A-g Editor! Art'les, A-9 Finance.A-13 Page, Lost and Found A-3 Obituary ..A-10 Radio ...._B-15 Society .B-3 Sports __A-10-11 Woman’s Page .B-C An Associated Press Newspaper 92d YEAR. No. 36,686. _WASHINGTON, V, C., TUESDAY, OCTOBER 10, 1944—THIRTY PAGES. *** City Home Delivery. Dally and Sunday «r /"tTr<"VrpCl 80c a Month When 6 Sundays, $1.00. ® LL-N lo, YanksClose Ring Around Aachen, Demand Surrender in Ultimatum; Threaten Complete Ruin of City - ...ill * ..—..... ....______ __ Pressure Built Up For Big Drive Toward Rhine ALLIED RAIDERS blast Reich In followup to night attack on Bochum. Page A-3 By the Associated Press. LONDON, Oct. 10.—The Amer ican 1st Army completely sur rounded Aachen today and de livered to the German garrison there an ultimatum to surrender within 24 hours or be conquered by ruthless attack. Doughboys had sealed off the Sieg fried Line city with a wall of troops, tanks and guns, and already were building up a 25-mile front 6 to 10 miles inside the Reich for a break through punch toward the Rhine. The American, commander told defenders holed up in Aachen that unless the city was “promptly and completely surrendered uncondition ally, American Army ground and air forces will proceed ruthlessly with air and artillery bombardment to ^reduce it to submission.” Aachen is “now completely sur rounded” by 1st Army men, the ultimatum said. No Reply Two Hours Later. Two hours after the return of the messengers bearing the ultimatum there had been no reply from the Germans inside the city. Earlier today the two jaws of a doughboy vise had chopped the Ger man escape lane northeast of the city of 165.000 to only a mile in width, and choked it off with cur tains of machine-gun fire. The re maining German garrison inside Aachen is estimated to total 1,500. Meanwhile, Canadian troops to the northw'est shoved forward in drives intended to clear perhaps 15.000 Germans from the Schelde Estuary —a prime necessity to open the big port of Antwerp to Allied supplies fo rthe battle of Germany. Amphibious forces which landed yesterday on the south shore of the Schelde advanced 24 miles, and the Berlin radio said new forces had landed today. The Canadians in the bridgehead over the Leopold Canal struck forward after throwing back 30 Nazi counterattacks in fo«r days. Nancy-Metz Line Straightened. The bottling of Aachen's "fight to the death” defenders came as Lt. Gen. George S. Pattons American 3d Army snapped a German bulge in the Nancy-Metz sector back into a straight line. Elimination of this Nazi pocket was reported by Correspondent Ed ward D. Ball, who said Gen. Pat ton's Yanks had moved up into new positions extending from Fresnes en-Saulnois, 15 miles north and east of Nancy, to Cheminot, 18 miles due north of Nancy. The 1st Army in the Aachen sec tor has forged a 25-mile front and was fighting on the approaches to Duren and Julich, highway keys to Cologne and Dusseldorf. Ameri cans were 6 miles from Duren—10 miles beyond Aachen and 20 miles from Cologne—and 7 miles from Julich. where an excellent highway branches to Cologne. 23 miles be yond, and to Dusseldorf, 26 miles away. Main Assault Not Yet Begun. Gen. Hodges’ troops had edged into the southern outskirts of Aachen, one-time center of Char lemagne's government, but the main assault on the city had not yet opened. The Reich's stubborn defenders, goaded to new fierceness by an order of the day from Marshal Karl Gerd Von Rundstedt. mounted one savage counterattack after another. The German radio admitted "limited breaches'* in the Aachen sector, but declared they had been sealed. The weather-plagued Yanks ham mered down the Nazi counterblows on both the 1st and 3d Army fronts, and maintained momentum of their slow-moving offensive. German losses were heavy and the Nazi commander in the west braced his troops for an even worse bat tering. Expects Grand Offensive. “You have stopped the enemy at the gates of the Reich,” Von Rund stedt's broadcast order said. “The enemy will, however, shortly launch a new grand offensive. I expect that you will all defend the sacred German soil to the last.” After the American ultimatum was delivered to the commander and the | See WESTERN FRONT7Page X-4) Late Bulletins Sedition Jury Poll Asked Attorneys for two defend ants in the sedition case filed written motions this after noon asking that the jurors be polled to determine wheth er they heard, read or dis cussed President Roosevelt’s reference in his speech last Thursday to “the Silver Shirts and others on the lunatic fringe.” Chief Justice Edward C. Eicher said he would not take up the new motions until tomorrow afternoon. (Earlier Story on Page A-2.) Musicians Demand Contract CHICAGO W.—Replying to President Roosevelt’s request to lift a ban on making re cordings, the Executive Board of the American Federation of Musicians declared today the ' ban could be removed only if two companies that have not signed contracts would enter into agreements with the 3 Soldiers Carried Ultimatum Into Aachen Under White Flag Demands Given to Young Nazi Lieutenant After Long Walk While Blindfolded By DON WHITEHEAD, | Associated Press War Correspondent. WITH AMERICAN TROOPS OUTSIDE AACHEN, Oct. 10.— Just before 1 p.m. todflay three men walked slowly back into the American command post here from the interior of Aachen. They were Lt. Cedric Lafley, Enosburg Falls, Vt.; Lt. William Boehme, New York, and Pvt. Kenneth Kading, La Grange, 111. They were back from Aachen with a white flag made from a bed sheet which they carried in to pre sent to the German command and the mayor of Aachen the ultimatum of the United States Army. Lt. Lafley actually carried the messages. Lt. Boehme acted as in terpreter. The young, tall and spike-haired Pvt. Kading, gulping with nervous excitement at his par ticipation in this memorable mis | ---—-— sion, carried the bedsheet as a flag of truce. They looked neither elated nor depressed as they told newsmen what had happened. Eventually, they had to present the American demands to a young German second lieutenant, because of inability to reach any higher officer. But no body was impressed by this, for it was only the German garrison com mander who could decide. What he is to decide is yet to develop. Here is the story of their march into Aachen and back: They rode in a Jeep to our forward line here at the railroad tracks right on the edge of the city. Prom there they walked into the city. Pvt. Kading striding down the middle of the streets carrying the bedsheet and the other two nanking him. They reached a smashed under pass and, peering through the gloom, sighted three German soldiers. < See ULTIMATUM" ~Page~A-T> ~ Chances of King Zog Returning to Throne Regarded as Slim People Believe Monarch Was Petty Tyrant Who Exploited Poor Nation By NEWBOLD NOYES, Jr, 8t»r W»r Correspondent. WITH THE BRITISH IN AL BANIA.—If there is a sound pre diction to be made concerning the political future of this country, it is that—whatever form'of government is established here after the war ning Zog will have no place in it. This is perhaps unfortunate from the point of view of the reading public of the United States which remembers Albania chiefly as the country from which Zog and his wife were forced to flee when the Italians invaded. Nevertheless, the clearest political impression received by a visitor to Albania now Is that the former King, who has been in London since 1939. is a very unpop ular man among his erstwhile sub jects. The almost universal Judgment here is that Zog was a petty tyrant who grew rich on the poverty of the tiny country over which he ruled. It Is further charged that his dramatic exit was the last of a shady sequence of actions in which he virtually sold out to the Fascists. There is an element of the popu lation, however, which favors the King's return. This monarchist fac tion is represented by the recently immerged Zogist party headed by Abas Kupi. Liquidation Threatened. It was told that the only chance that this group is achieving any thing more than its own liquidation at the hands of the National Liber ation party lay in its bid for the support of the United States and Great Britain. Both we and the British, it appears, have main tained and still maintain some sort of relations with Kupi in the hope that his group would resist the Ger mans. Kupi is said to have promised that his group would fight the Germans but to have thus far failed to back up that promise with action. The fear of many with whom I have talked here is that if the Zog party climbs at the last minute on the patriot bandwagon and throws a few stones at the last Germans to pull out. the United States and Great Britain, pursuant to the policy of supporting anybody who fights Ger many, may feel celled upon to sup port the Zogists t.c the extent of seeing to it that the former monarch goes back onto the Albanian throne. Any such attempt would be received coldly here, to put it mildly. Anti-Communist Party. Another factor in the political scene here is the so-called Nation alist party or Balli Kombetar under the leadership of Mihdat Frasheri.' Bitterly anti-Communist It has op posed the Partisan movement of the National Liberation front all along the line. It has been active since •See NOYES, Page A-3.) Tenth Isle in Palaus Is Invaded by Yanks; Philippines Raided 25 Liberators Set Fires Along Water Front of Zamboanga, in Mindanao By the Asiocitted Pres*. PACIFIC FLEET HEADQUAR TERS, Pearl Harbor, Oct. 10.— Invasion of Garakayo Islet, 10th ; of the Palau group of island stepping stones to the Philip pines' brought under fire of American guns, was announced last night by Pacific command ers, who also reported the first big neutralizing raid on Zambo anga, important Southern Phil ippines coast city. Admiral Chester W. Nimitz said yesterday units of the 81st Infantry Division landed Sunday on Garakayo and Quickly secured a beachhead They drove forward against light opposition. Garakayo Is 2'2 miles north of Peleliu, where American forces have been fighting since September 14 and are wiping out the last re sistance. The importance of the Garakayo invasion apparently was to eliminate shore batteries that may have shelled Americans on Peleliu. Babelthuap, largest of the Palaus, was attacked anew by marine planes which bombed fuel dumps and ware houses. Of the nine Palau islands in ad dition to Garakayo where landings were made, all are securely in American hands, although mopup fighting continues The Zamboanga raid was de scirbed in a Tuesday communique from Gen. Douglas MacArthur, who said more than 25 Liberators, escorted by fighters on the long over-water flight, set huge fires along the city’s water front and around “other targets.’’ Zamboanga, second largest city of Mindanao, is an important seapiane base, as well as a Japanese shipping center. The communique said fighter planes sank six floatplanes in the harbor. A 1,000-ton vessel, two freighters and a barge were set afire. Other Liberators made another oombing raid on Balikpapan, Borneo oil center, and fires again were started in the refinery area. Admiral Nimitz said aerial raids wefe made on Marcus Island, im portant Japanese observation post <See PACIFIC, Page A^3.7~ 12,000 Wounded Yanks Flown Home Since D Day By th* Associated Pres*. NEW YORK. Oct. 10.—A total of 12,000 wounded servicemen have been returned by airplane across the North Atlantic since June 6, D day, Col. Gordon G. Bulla, senior flight surgeon of the North Atlantic Division, Air Transport Command, announced today. The figure, he said, included litter gnd ambulatory cases. British, Greek Forces Occupy Corinth Without Opposition Allies Launch Land Attack on Sarande, * f Supply Base on Southern Albanian Coast By the Associated Pres*. ROME, Oct. 10.—British and Greek forces have occupied Corinth, it was announced today. British forward units entered Corinth without opposition. Two hundred and fifty members of the collaborating Greek “security bat talions” surrendered there yesterday morning. No Germans were met in the city, which is at the south end of the isthmus linking the Pelopon nesus and the Greek mainland. Meanwhile, the Allied land forcas of the Adriatic began' attacking Sarande, the little. Southern Al banian port which is a supply base for the Nazi garrison on the island of Corfu. The attack started at 4 am. yes terday and Allied troops quickly penetrated to the western outskirts of the town after overcoming oppo sition. Another unit silenced an enemy battery and took the central de fenses. Then a parachute company landed and captured a second battery. With the capture of Corinth the Allied command announced, i«nH forces of the Adriatic now are in control of many communications in the Peloponnesus. A communique added that “operations continue," presumably a drive on from Corinth by the British. Athens and Peiraievs (Piraeus), it’s port, are only 40 mil** distant. In the advance to the Isthmus of Corinth the British found that re (See GREECE, Page A-l) & Reds Reported At Baltic Sea Below Memel Land Escape Routes For 150,000 Nazis Severed in Drive By the Associated Press. MOSCOW, Oct. 10.—A storm of Russian artillery fire broke today on besieged Memel, Ger man-held port on the. Baltic, while to the southward the So viet armies wheeled and hurled their full weight into a drive on the East Prussian fortress city of Tilsit. < Russian vanguards have reached the Baltic Sea south of Memel, severing all landward escape routes for 150,000 Ger mans in Latvia and Lithuania, a report from Moscow said. i This would constitute an in vasion of East Prussia, because the Memel territory—a long, narrow neck of land along the sea—was Incorporated Into the Reich in March. 1939 Hitler seized the area from Lithuania.) 50 Miles From Budapest. The great Baltic offensive of Gens. Ivan C. Bagramian and Ivan Chemlakhovsky, ripping apart the German coastal flank protecting the heart of East Prussia, matched in spectacular success the sweep of Gen. Rodion Malinovsky's forces; Into Northern Hungary. There, after cutting the railway! retreat routes behind the German and Hungarian forces in the North ern Transylvanian salient, the Rus sian spearhead thrust into the out skirts of the Magyar military train ing center of Debrecen. General' advances on the looping front put the Russian forces within 50 miles of Budapest. Marshal Rodion Malinovsky's northward drive across flat grazing country appeared aimed at the Ruthenian highlands, where a junc- ! tion might be made with Col. Gen. Ivan Petrov's 4th Ukrainian Army | group cm the Czechoslovak border.! The advance was through country; inhabited by Magyar cowboys and ! shepherds. Crocs Tisca River. At the same time. Marshal Mal inovsky’s southern wing crossed the Tisza River on a wide front in j Northern Yugoslavia and swung westward In an advance which out-j flanked Belgrade and endangered i the third largest Yogoslav city of! Subotica (population 100.000) on the main Belgrade-Budapest railroad. Prospects were reported good for bottling up most of the enemy; forces in Transylvania and the Car-1 patho-Ukraine, which Hungary took from Czechoslovakia. This would permit Marshal Malinovsky to strike at Budapest from three sides. (The Berlin radio declared to day the Russians have launched a new' offensive in the Vistula River bend south of Warsaw. The exact locale was not specified, but the Russians have held a bridge head across the stream for some time east of Kielce. There was no immediate confirmation of the drive from Moscow. (Berlin said the Russians were using nearly 1.000.000 men in the battle of the Lithuanian bulge.) Heavy Nazi Resistance. Battling fierce Nazi resistance, the Russians jabbed two prongs of a pinoer north and south of Memel. One Soviet column captured Kuliai. 14 miles from the Baltic port, while another took Vezaiciai, 12 miles from Memel and only 3 miles from the East Prussian border as it was constituted after the German seizure of Memel territory in 1939. The front of Gen. Bagramian's 1st Baltic Army looped back along the Latvian frontier and then ex tended northward to threaten Riga. The Russians were 30 miles south east of the Latvian port of Liepaja, at the top of the Baltic bulge, and only 22 miles north of Tilsit, at the bottom. Soviet artillery raked the narrow Memel bottleneck, making hazard ous any German withdrawals along the remaining escape routes. Hitler Lauds German Youth On Fanatical Sacrifies By the Associated Pras*. LONDON, Oct. 10.—The German radio said that Hitler lauded Ger man youths today for what he called their “fanatical will to sacri fice in the hour of danger to our country.” The message, broadcast by the official German news agency DNB, was the first reported utterance from the German Chancellor since shortly after the reported attempt on his life July 20. The message was in reply to a report: from Reich Youth Leader Axmann that 80 per cent of Pots dam’s Hitler youth had volunteered for military service. “With pride and joy I learned of the volunteers of the 1928 class,” Hitler said. “In the hour of danger for our country their spirit and sac rifice has been a shining example.” Berlin Phone Still Cut STOCKHOLM, Oct. 10 (A*).—The break in telephone communications between Berlin and Stockholm now has lasted 48 hours, without ex planation. f UN cT^WE'VEGOtXLOTOFTHliWesl [ TO TALK TO YOU ABOUT . Churchill and Stalin To Meet Again Today; U. S. Kept Informed Prime Minister Reported Presenting Decisions Reached at Quebec By ih» ^ssociaied Pr*s«. MOSCOW. Oct. 10 — Prime Minister Churchill talked with Premier Stalin for three hours in the Kremlin last night and conferred today with the British diplomatic and military staff be fore starting a second meeting with the Russian Premier. W. Averell Harriman. United States Ambassador, was kept fully informed by the British delegation, although he was not present at the Kremlin last night. Mr. Churchill was understood to be presenting his views on questions in Europe and elsewhere—views which were said to have been fully indorsed before he left the Quebec conference with President Roosevelt. The latest indications were that his visit would last throughout this week. The Briton's presence in Moscow coincided with two important state ments in the Russian press. One expressed flat opposition to altering the principal of a unanimous vote by the four major Allied powers on the International Security Council, in case of aggression. The other statement disclosed a Russian plan for developing oil resources in the northern part of Iran. Some fields of Iran ( Persia) have been controlled by Britain for more than a century. The country now is occupied jointly by British troop* in the south and Russians in the north. Churchill, Staff* Flew To Moscow Yesterday LONDON. Oct. 10 OP).—A commu nique broadcast today by the Mos cow radio said Soviet Foreign Com missar Vyacheslav Molotov. British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden and British Ambassador Archibald Clark Kerr participated in the ini tial talks yesterday between Prime Minister Churchiil and Premier Stalin. Mr. Churchill arrived in Moscow by plane yesterday. After the first conversations Mr. Eden and Mr. Molotov conferred at a separate meeting attended by So viet Deputy Foreign Commissar A.Y. Vishinsky. Many Items to Be Studied. The Moscow bulletin gave no ink ling of the nature of the initial con versations. Press dispatches from the Soviet capital said it was believed the talks would deal with the or ganization of the final military blows against Germany and other European political questions. Mentioned among the latter was the dispute between €Tle Polish gov emment-in-exile in London and the Soviet-sponsored Polish Committee of National Liberation, which has been brought to the fore recently by a new exchange of recriminations. On the military side, it was be lieved that plans for occupation of Germany and the possibility of Rus sia's eventual entry into the war against Japan might rank high on the agenda. Apropos of the latter topic, the London Daily Express printed today a special dispatch from Washington saying it was reported there that Premier Stalin had pledged Siberian bases to the United States as soon as the war in Europe ends. There was no confirmation of this. U. S. To Be Kept Posted. While the United States is not represented by a special envov at the current talks, it was said Wash ington would be. kept fully informed. Moscow, which said the conference was arranged at Mr. Churchill’s suggestion, reported the British Prime Minister had delivered a “fighting speech” for Soviet news (See CHURCHILL-ST ALIN, A-4T Today's Political Broadcasts 10:25 pm.—WRC—Five-minute speaker under spon sorship of Demo cratic National Committee. 10:30 pm.—WOL—Rebroadcast of Gov. Thomas E. Dewey’s speech at Charleston, W. Va., under sponsorship of Republican Na tional Committee. I - m Navy to Release Retired Officers Recalled to Active Service 4,305 to Be Returned to Civil Status Gradually as War Situation Permits By WILLIAM J. WHEATLEY. The Navy has ordered a grad ! ual return to civil life based on age and dispensibility of the es i timated 4,305 retired officers called back to duty since 1939, it was learned today. These re tired officers for the most part have served in administrative billets ashore, the Navy said. The department has fixed certain age minimums in the various ranks and grades of and above which first consideration is to be given in this reduction in officer personnel. They are flag officers, that is commodores and above. 64, which is the statutory retirement age for all officers; cap tains, 60: commanders, 55: lieu tenant commanders, 50; lieuten ants, lieutenants junior grade and ensigns. 45. and commissioned and warrant officers. 50. However it was said that the age table is not intended to limit re ■turn to inactive status only to those officers of and above the ages fixed. Any retired officer, now on active duty, may request return to inactive status, and hie request is to be given favorable consideration whenever the needs of the service permit. Many of the officers who were recalled to active duty at a time when the Navy was badly in need of commissioned personnel have been promoted one or two grades while in active status. When they return to the retired status, it was said that they will be allowed to retain their new rank, but that their retired pay will be based on the grade in which they were originally placed on the re tired list. The release of the retired officers at this time, it was indicated, is possible because of the fact that an increasing number of younger officers in comparable ranks may now be brought back from the com bat areas for duty ashore Thus. «See RETIRED OFFICER8.A-2. > Navy Can Find No Takers for Normandie By the Associated Press. The one-time French luxury liner Normandie has become a "white ele phant.” Since the Navy some time ago halted preparations to convert the ocean giant into a transport, nu i merous official discussions have been ! held regarding disposal of the vessel. I But the Navy has found no takers. The Maritime Commission defi nitely isn't interested, it is learned here. The commission thinks it would be too expensive and require too much time to prepare the ship for sea duty. Whether the French will want the Normandie back has not been said, but they generally are expected to ask cash instead. The United States requisitioned the Normandie at her dock in New York Harbor in December. 1941. The ship was turned over to the Navy and renamed the Lafayette, but burned and sank before she could be put to sea. Strike Reported in Hungary NEW YORK. Oct. 10 UPt.-The i British radio broadcast a Turkish ; report today asserting that a gen ; eral strike had been declared throughout Hungary, German-occu pied kingdom invaded by the Rus j sians. OWI heard the broadcast, which gave no details. Laurel Results , FIRST RACE—Purse. $1,500; 3-year olds and up; claiming: H ninonn Ebro (R. Mendel 13.60 4.40 3.40 Road Scraper (Jemaa) 2.10 2.BO Rampage iWall) 3 20 Time, 1:15*3. Also ran—Ship Signal. Shailleen. Bill K. Ohio Lady. Attune. ChaUiva. Sunset Boy. Miss Identity. Queen Advice. SECOND RACE—Purse *2.000: maiden 2-year-oids: allowances: 5 turlcngs. Miss Doreen (Jeinas) 18.20 s.30 4.80 Manadru (Dobson) 3.80 2.70 Four Queens (Gilbert) 4.00 Time, 1:09as. Also ran—Constance V.. Miss Nedie. Ten Oaks, a Suana Maria, a High Master. High Priority. Ranch Rider, War Hysteria and My Angela. a J. Fii’.elli-A. B. Williams entry. (Daily Double paid $370.8(1.) Entries for tomorrow Page A-ll. Train Crash Injures 22 in Philadelphia By the Associated Press. PHILADELPHIA, Oct. 10—At least 22 persons were injured and hundreds of others dazed when a crowded commuters’ train, its brakes reportedly failing, crashed into the rear of a parked train in the Pennsylvania Railroads sub urban station in midcity Philadel phia today. The company said only six of the injured remained in hospitals at noon. Most of the 350 passengers in the five-car Chestnut Hill local were thrown to the aisles in a spray of shattering window glass as the trains came together with a roar that rumbled through the building and subsurface concourses. • Women passengers screamed and fainted. Passengers standing up waiting to disembark tumbled over in piles. Seats were wrenched loose and the locomotive and first coach of the moving train and the rear of the parked train were wrecked. Ambulances from four hospitals were sent into the crowded station. A WAC lieutenant, Ann Whitaker of Philadelphia, pinned under a seat, was left in the wreckage until she could be strapped to a stretcher, be cause of the possibility she had suf fered internal injuries. Railroad porters and other work ers wheeled some of the injured to the surface in waiting wheel chairs. The accident occurred at the height of the morning rush hour. A railroad company spokesman quoted the moving train's engine man. E. E. Schultz. 38. as saying the brakes failed as the train pulled into the station. Chinese Execute Colonel CHUNGKING, Oct. 10 <*•).—'The Chinese high command announced today that Col. Tsao Cheng, a regi mental commander, had been exe cuted Saturday for failing to carry out his orders in connection with the defense of Pingnan. West River town in Kwangsi Province, which was captured recently by the Japanese. Printing tor Dewey May Continue While Strike Stops Roosevelt's Dewey - for - President literature may be printed without interruption while Roosevelt re-election literature encounters production difficulties due to a dispute between Columbia Typographical Union 101 and Wash ington’s large commercial printers. Walter S. Steele, manager of the National Republic Publishing Co., 511 Eleventh street N.W., which handles the Washington work of the Republican National Committee, said his Arm had not broken off ne gotiations with the union and that the management was considering signing the union’s contract before the end of the business day. The union has set midnight to night as a deadline for contract signature. After that the union will send all printers who wish to shift to shops which have signed the union contract. Jesse Manbeck, president of the union, said he had signed 26 shops to date. As there are not enough printers to go around, the shops not signing will encounter production difficulties, the proprietors readily admit. Printing in Washington fee the Democratic National Committee is done by the United Publishing Co., 717 Sixth street N.W. The United Publishing Co. is one of. the mem bers of the closed shop division of ■the Graphic Arts Association that is refusing to sign the new* contract, which calks for an increase from $1.37 to $1.59 cents an hour, two weeks' severance pay and annual va cations. The Third Regional War Labor Board at Philadelphia has sent a telegram to both parties in the dis pute summoning them to a show cause hearing at 11 a.m. tomorrow in Philadelphia. They are to show cause why the status quo has not been maintained pending WLB de termination of the dispute "or pend ing a mutually satisfactory renewal (of contract) between the parties.” The printing done in Washington is not the large volume campaign literature on which political man agers place so much importance. That is contracted for in New York. The Washington work is lairgely monthly magazines put out for party workers. Hull to Consult Legislators on Security Plan Expected to Seek Sentiment on World Policing Proposal • By JOSEPH H. BAIRD. Secretary of State Hull Is ex pected to hold a series of con ferences soon with members of Congress to sound out their sentiments toward the Dumbar ton Oaks security plan and to determine under what condi tions the legsilative branch is likely to allow the Executive to employ United States military forces under international con trol to stem aggression. This knowledge, it was pointed out in official quarters today, is highly necessary before this government meets with other members of the United Nations to draw up a formal charter for the new peace organiza tions, plans for which were made public by the State Department’yes terday. Other governments, remembering the Senate's refusal in 1919 to ap prove American participation in the League of Nations, are anxious to know the attitude of Congress, par ticularly the Senate, before commit ting themselves to the United Na tions peace plan. It is hoped in ad ministration quarters that as a re sult of Mr. Hull's talks with influen tial members of Congress and de bales on Capitol Hill, there will emerge a fairly accurate outline of congressional sentiment. Approval Is Expected Immediately before the Dumbar ton Oaks conferences started, Secre tary Hull held several meetings with a group of eight Senators and earl ier had talked with a number of House members. It has been his announced policy all along to keep Congress advised of the course of negotiations so that when a treaty or proposed legislation affecting peace plans are sent to Congress they will not come as a surprise. As a result of the passage of the Connally resolution by the Senate and the Fulbright resolution by the House, both calling for* United States participation in an interna tional security organization, littla doubt is felt that Congress will ap prove America's part in a postwar peace league. However, there are rwo delicate subjects in the domestic political field which the administration must consider. They are: • 1. Will Congress be willing to com mit the United States to the use, under international control, of defi nite quotas of naval, military and air strength to be used to put down an aggressor? 2. Will Congress give the adminis tration a “blank check" to use this force at the discretion of the league, or will each occasion of its use re quire specific congressional consent? Will Be Submitted as Treaty. Until the answers to these tw* questions are known, American ne gotiators will be at a disadvantage in making this country's position clear when they sit around the con ference table. Present plan of the administra tion, it is understood, is to submit the draft charter for the United Nations security organization to the Senate for ratification under the two-thirds rule as a formal treaty. Later, after military representatives of the member nations have decided what quotas of force are needed from each country, an agreement on that point will be drawn up and probably sent to both the Senate and House for approval. Although the Dumbarton Oaks plan was hailed by both President Roosevelt and Secretary Hull as providing a firm cornerstone for an international peace structure, it is by no means a complete edifice. The plan which emerged from nearly seven weeks of conferences at Dum barton Oaks was officially labeled by the State Department as one con taining "tentative proposals.” Although they represent years of thought and study by American and other Allied leaders and may be taken to represent the hard core of their thought on postwar security, they are open to extensive revision, amendments and additions when a United Nations conference meets to draw up final plans for the organ ization. Even before such a conference is held, the "Big Four” powers still must work out among themselves some uncertain points which they • See SECURITY. Page A-5.) 2 More Czech Villages Destroyed Like Lidice By the Associated Press. NEW YORK. Oct. 10—The mas sacre of Lidice has been repeated in two more Czechoslovak villages, the Czechoslovak Information Service in London has announced, according to NBC short-wave monitors. On October 4 the hamlets of Solnaa and Huilcik in Slovakia, northeast of Presov and not far from the present battleline, were com pletely obliterated by the Nazis and their inhabitants were slaughtered, the information service reported. 1 j ... ~1 ....L Sixth Overseas Edition Available Tomorrow The sixth issue of the Over seas Edition of The Star will be available tomorrow. The editorial content and typog raphy of tfle edition are pre pared by The Star; the paper, printing and distribution are furnished by Lansburgh’s De partment Store. The edition is free and will be available, with envelopejfft the Victory Bond Booth arLansbtrrgh's or The Star's business counter. The edition will be limited.