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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, October 12, 1944, Image 21

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Phone Operators
May Take Other
Attorney Says Many
Older Workers Are •
Displeased With Pay
Indications that some telephone
operators in the District may quit
their jobs unless they receive
‘satisfactory treatment” were seen
in a statement made today by union
counsel at a War Labor Board
hearing on a wage dispute involving
2,250 operators here.
A1 Philip Kane, attorney for the
Washington Telephone Traffic
Union, appearing on behalf of the
Chesapeake & Potomac Co. em
ployes, declared:
“In the event some of the older
operators do not receive satisfac
tory treatment, many will leave
their switchboards for other em
ployment. The union will do every
thing to maintain service • * * but
we may come to an interference.”
Calls Action Unthinkable.
Judge J. T. Ellenbogen of Pitts
burgh, chairman of the three-man
WLB panel, interrupted Mr. Kane
“I don't think we should talk
about it. It’s utterly unthinkable any
girl would leave her switchboard in
time of war."
Mr. Kane had been explaining
that “discontent” had arisen among
many of the more experienced oper
ators over the employment by the
company of some 300 operators
brought here from other cities as
temporary employes and who are
being paid a higher wage scale.
The attorney informed the panel
that he intended to show that wages
paid the employes “are not sufficient
for a decent standard of living”;
that wages scales are “obsolete.”
Base Pay Involved.
The long-standing wage dispute,
which threatened a curtailment of
telephone service here last month,
involves base-pay salaries. The op
erators are seeking a $5-a-week
increase, raising the starting salary
from $20 to $25 and increasing the
top salary from $33 to $40 after
five years’ service. The company
has agreed to the $5 increase for
starting salary and has proposed a
$2 increase for the top salary which
would give operators a base pay of
$35 after eight years’ service.
The contract expired March 31,
and after collective bargaining
failed, the matter was referred to
the Conciliation Service. Failing
agreement, the dispute was certified
to WLB late in September.
Bishop Dun Applauds
Church School Training
The Right Rev. Angus Dun,
Bishop of Washington, believes the
training of children is one of the
most important tasks of the church.
Speaking yesterday to 250 church
school teachers and officers of the
Diocese of Washington at their an
nual meeting, Bishop Dun declared
the foremost place for teaching
Christian living is in the home. He
called on teachers to rededicate
themselves to imparting Christian
knowledge and principles, declaring
children catch the spirit of Chris
tian living from the lives of those
about them.
The meeting was held under the
auspices of the department of re
ligious education of the diocese at
St. Paul’s Church, Rock Creek Parish.
The Rev. Charles W. F. Smith,
canon chancellor of Washington
Cathedral and chairman of the dio
cese department of religious edu
cation, presided.
He was assisted by the .Rev. J. J.
Ambler, rector of Pinkney Memo
rial Church, Hyattsville, Md., and
vthe Rev. Chjfrles W. Wood, rector
of St. Paul’s Church. The meeting
closed with a litany for church
school teachers composed by Bishop
Rap af Fourth Term Read
To 15 at Jefferson Shrine
Dr. Gleason L. Archer, president
of Suffolk University, Boston, read
a document entitled “A Second
Declaration of Independence” late
yesterday to 15 persons from Ar
lington and Fairfax Counties, Va.,
at the Jefferson Memorial.
“When in the course of human
events,” Dr. Archer read, “a free
people find tyranny growing apace
in their land • * ♦ We hold that
Franklin Delano Roosevelt has
wielded great power too long.”
Dr. Archer is national chairman
of the American Democratic Na
tional Committee of which John
J. O’Connor, former Democratic
member of the House from New
York, is Executive Committee chair
map. Yesterday’s demonstration
was arranged by Mrs. Ethel A.
Davis, head of the Dewey-Bricker
Club of McLean, Va.
Connolly Urges Hungary
To|Break With Germany
By tfet Associated Pres*.
Only by breaking with 'Germany
nowjsand coming over to the Allied
side^can Hungary hope for “a
bett« existence in the postwar
world," Chairman Connally of the
Sendee Foreign Relations Commit
tee Syamed the Hungarian people
yestWday in a message broadcast
by tiee Office of War Information.
“It is high time for the Hungari
ans to take a realistic stand and to
shake off the German yoke and
show the world that they are willing
to act as an independent, self
respecting nation,” Senator Con
nally said. “Only by breaking with
Germany and contributing their
strength to the final defeat of Ger
many can the Hungarians of today
lay the basis of a better existence'
for the Hungarians of tomorrow.”
Save This Newspaper
Many paper mills are shut
ting down for lack of waste
P^per to convert into cartons
t°r_. Army and Navy supplies
shipped overseas. Every pound
of, old newspapers and maga
zine* is needed. Notify some
school child in your block to
your paper picked up. | j
IN PISTOL TOURNAMENT—Lt. Mary S. Wheeler, 900 Nine
teenth street N.W., alms straight at the target center as she
tries her skill in the 12th annual International Pistol Tourna
ment at Teaneck, N. J., October 7 and 8. She was one of 12.
WAVES from the Navy Department Ordnance Bureau here who
took part in the tournament. —Official U. S. Navy Photo.
12,000 Seek Tickets
For Mass Meeting
Opening Fund Drive
Admission Cards Split
Evenly Among Workers
Of Four Divisions
About 12,000 persons have applied
for the 4,000 tickets available to the
Communty War Fund’s opening
mass meeting October 16 at Consti
tution Hall, Herbert L. Willett, jr„
executive director of the fund, an
nounced today.
The tickets are being divided
evenly among workers of the four
units — Government, residential,
business and suburban—working on
the $4,850,000 drive, he said.
Joliot-Curie to Speak.
The main speaker will be Jean
Frederic Joliot-Curie, husband of
Irene Curie, daughter of the dis
coverers of radium, who will de
scribe his work on special explosives
for the French underground.
Through the co-operation of the
State Department and the French
provisional government, the French
leader is to be flown here from his
country for the mass meeting.
M. Joliot-Curie, a professor of
physics at the Paris University, col
laborated in making special ex
plosives for the underground work
ers at a time when the Germans
thought he was doing research on
splitting of atoms, Mr. Willett said.
Lord Halifax also will address the
rally, to be attended by Mrs. Roose
velt and representatives of all the
United Nations. The speeches will
be broadcast Nation-wide by the
Columbia Broadcasting System.
Must Be on Time.
Ticket holders must arrive by 7:50
p.m. to attend the rally, Mr. WiUett
said. Just before the starting hour,
B pun., empty seats will be open to
the public, he explained.
Solicitation for contributions from
Washington's 300,000 Federal em
ployes has already begun, Mr.
Willett said, because their numbers
made it advisable to allow longer
than the announced period of the
drive. The drive for the rest of
the city and suburbs begins Monday
and runs through November 8, Mr.
Willett said.
Streetcar Purchase
Approved by PUC
The Public Utilities Commission
yesterday authorized the Capital
Transit Co. to enter into an agree
ment with the St. Louis Car Co.
and the Reconstruction Finance
Corp. for the purchase of 75 stream
lined streetcars at an estimated
cost of $1,473,750.
It is hoped that deliveries on the
cars will start before the end of the
year and plans are under considera
tion for purchase of 50 additional
cars, with deliveries next year.
Previously, the commission had ap
proved the purchase of the 75 cars
as “necessary” to the District’s
transportation system.
The agreement provides that the
purchase price shall be “$19,650
more or less per car,” and that the
Interest rate will be 4 per cent.
The notes will run over a 12-year
The PUC said that the transit
company, in its negotiations with
the RFC, obtained a credit of
$2,600,000 to cover 125 cars, 'rfie
commission’s action yesterday, how
ever, extended only to the proposed
purchase of the 75 cars.
Chiang Kai-shek Thanks
Americans for Sympathy
Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek
told President Roosevelt in a mes
sage today “that the unbounded
sympathy of the American people
always has been an unfailing source
of encouragement to the Chinese in
their war against the Japs.”
The message was in response to
greetings President Roosevelt sent
to China Tuesday on the 33d anni
versary of the Chinese revolution.
“As the time for the Allied powers
to deal a death blow to the aggres
sors is fast approaching, China, as
one of the Allies, will do her utmost
to drive the enemy from her shores
and help bring about his final col
lapse,” the generalissimo said. “The
people of China are deeply indebted
to the American Nation for her
friendship in lending hearty support
to China’s cause. We have the deep
est admiration for the prodigious
efforts you have made to lay a solid
foundation for a better world order
and will never cease to strive for
the realization of the democratic
ideals we have long cherished so as
to usher in a new era of peace,
freedom and justice for all man
Bolivia to Complete Line
Bolivia expects to complete its new
Vacuiba-Santa Cruz Railway by
District Traffic Deaths
Rise to 66 as Man,
Hit by Streetcar Dies
Maryland State Police
Ambulance Strikes Truck;
3 Passengers Uninjured
Raleigh C. Janney, 45, of 316
Ninth street N.W., who was struck
Saturday by a streetcar in the 900
block of Ninth street N.W., died to
day in Emergency Hospital. It was
the District's 66th traffic fatality, as
compared to 63 deaths for the same
period last year.
Police said the operator of the
streetcar was Leroy White, 43 of
4515 Burlington place N.W. He has
21 years’ driving experience.
A Maryland Stpte police ambu
lance carrying three persons to Cas
ualty Hospital from an accident in
T. B., Md„ collided with a truck in
the 2500 block of Pennsylvania ave
nue S.E. yesterday.
Two of the patients in the ambu
lance were admitted to Casualty
Hospital, while the third was treated
and released. They suffered no ad
ditional injuries in the second acci
dent. Lucille Marks, 18, of Brandy
wine, Md., suffered face and neck
injuries. Everett J. Claudy, 30, of
Baltimore was treated for leg lacera
tions and Dan Laster, 38, of Brandy
wine was treated for face lacera
tions and released.
Drivers Escape Injury.
Police said neither the driver of
the ambulance. Champ Clark Yum
brum, 32, of police barracks at Wal
dorf, Md„ nor the driver of the
truck, Robert H. Bowles, 33, of 4902
S street SE„ suffered injury.
Eleven persons, including Jose
phine Drew, 37, 616 Maryland ave
nue S.W., were injured when a
northbound streetcar rammed an
other streetcar at Seventh street
and Washington drive N.W. The
woman was admitted to Emergency
Hospital with a fractured kneecap.
The others were treated and re
The two streetcar operators, police
said, are Ivan L. Judy, 45, 608 A
street SE., and James H. Porter, 31,
of 141 Bates street N.W.
Alexandria Man Dies.
Prank Nesselbrodt, 54, of 416
North Columbus street, Alexandria,
died today in the Alexandria Hospi
tal following injuries received when
he was struck by a car Saturday.
Mr. Nesselbrodt was struck by a
car operated by George Ewald, jr.,
16, of 801 Twenty-second street,
Arlington, at North Washington
and Cameron streets Saturday night.
At first his injuries were believed to
be minor and the boy was not held.
Dr. John Sims, Alexandria coroner,
has ordered an inquest for 5 p.m.
Dr. Lewis Cassidy Returns
To National U. Faculty
Dr. Lewis C. Cassidy, former spe
cial assistant to the Attorney Gen
eral, has returned to his position as
professor of law at National Univer
sity after retiring from the Coast
Guard, Dr. Milton I. Baldinger, act
ing dean of the School of Law, an
nounced yesterday.
Dr. Cassidy, who was a private in
the Army in the World War, became
a captain in the Marine Corps Re
serve in 1931. In March, 1943, he
transferred to the Coast Guard as a
lieutenant. He left the Coast Guard
in May.
Dr. Cassidy, former dean of law at
the University of San Francisco, re
ceived his Ph. D. degree at George
town University here and the doctor
of juridical science from Harvard.
Negro Women's Council
Meets Here Tomorrow
The National Council of Negro
Women, Inc., will open its national
convention tomorrow at the Depart
mental Auditorium, Mrs. Mary Mc
Leon Bethune, president, announced
Tomorrow evening’s session will be
devoted to “Human Relations in the
Transition to Peace.”
Guest speakers will include Mrs.
Mary Church Terrell, Mi*. J. Bor
den Harriman and Dr. Rayford Lo
gan. Mine. Lillian Evanti, Mrs. Mar
garet McDaniels, Miss Louise Burge,
Fred Bloch and the Howard Uni
versity Choir will furnish the music.
The council’s new headquarters at
1318 Vermont avenue N.W. will be
formally dedicated with a reception
at 4 pm. Sunday.
Gault MacGowan Back
In U. S. for Rest
Br the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, Oct. 12.—Gault
MacGowan, war correspondent for
the New York Sun and the North
American Newspaper Alliance, who
was captured by the Nazis in France
and later escaped, has returned to
New York for a brief rest, the Sun
announced today.
After a rest he will return to
Europe to cover the Allied victory
and reconstruction, the Sun said.
U. S. Fights Plea
To Halt Seizure
For New Hospital
Federal Attorney
Says Government
Can't Be Sued
Moving to dismiss all requests
for an injunction to prevent the
Federal Government from condemn
ing a square on Washington Circle
for a new George Washington Uni
versity Hospital, Robert R. MacLeod,
Justice Department attorney, today
charged the petitioners, including
St. Paul’s Episcopal Church and sev
eral property owners, had no right
to sue the Government because it
had not consented to be used.
The court had no Jurisdiction In
such an injunction case, Mr. Mac
Leod told Justice Matthew F. Mc
On the other hand, he said, the
plaintiffs have ample opportunity
under law to present their com
plaints in a regular condemnation
proceeding which so far they are at
tempting to block. The Government
consents to be sued in regular con
demnation proceedings, Mr. Mac
Leod explained.
Under the Lanham Act and the
Second War Powers Act, the Fed
eral Government has ample author
ity, Mr. MacLeod contended, to pro
ceed with condemnation of the
square for the Federal Works Agency
because of the “health, safety and
welfare” provisions of the law. He
quoted this and many other prece
dents on court decisions which he
claimed were authority in this case.
wwu * nciuu vuiuca issue.
Opposing the request of plaintiffs
for a three-judge tribunal to hear
the injunction case, the Federal
attorney declared such a procedure
could not be employed unless a
“substantial” Constitution question
were Involved.
Replying to charges by St. Paul’s
Church that the Government had
no right to take church property
under the power of eminent domain,
the Government attorney said he
did not "relish” any issue between
church and state, but he quoted at
length from legal decisions to con
tend that the Government did have
such power.
Church and private property own
ers claim the Government lacks a
right to condemn the property on
the argument that the acquisition
would be for the benefit of a private
Opposition to the condemnation
came yesterday from Dr. E. F.
Harris, president of the Federation
of Civic Associations, and speaking
for the Lincoln Civic Association.
Writes to Senator Burton.
In a letter to Senator Burton,
Republican, of Ohio, a member of
the Senate District Committee, Dr.
Harris recalled that last March he
had protested the evacu .tion of
tenants of 30 homes in Bissel’s
court under condemnation proceed
ings brought by the National Capital
Housing Authority.
Declaring that George Washington
University now seeks to “cause more
difficulties” for others in the Wash
ington Circle area, under the use of
eminent domain, Dr. Harris said the
Lincoln Civic Association was “un
alterably opposed” to this movement
since “eminent domain does not fit
the picture, in that the hospital
would not be for public good because
it does not treat Negro bed pa
tients and therefore discriminates
against an integral part of the
He added, “The time has arrived
when the use of eminent domain by
several of the Governmental
agencies, under first one pretex and
then the other, should be investi
gated by Congress.”
Hearings Open Wednesday
In Probe of O'Daniel News
The Senate Campaign Expendi
tures Committee plans to hold
hearings here next Wednesday on
fund-raising activities in connec
tion with the publication of the
W. Lee O’Daniel News, anti-fourth
term paper published by Senator
O’Daniel, Democrat, of Texas.
Chairman Green indicated at a
press conference yesterday that the
committee might decide to sub
poena Senator O’Daniel, but said no
decision had been reached. He said
the Texas Senator had ‘‘failed to
respond” to two letters inviting him
to furnish financial data about the
newspaper and to appear person
ally before the committee.
Committee investigators have
’ound some “very interesting in
clination” in the O’Daniel inquiry,
lenator Green said. He refused to
ivulge its nature.
Senator Green said the committee
i Iso would meet next Thursday and
t at during the two days testimony
a mid be heard concerning money
r» %ing activities of the American
D nocratic National Committee, an
al U-fourth term group.
Btdgef Orders 46,855 Cul
In Executive Personnel
E icutive agencies have been in
still Aed to reduce their personnel
requirements for the second quarter
of this fiscal year by 46,855 persons,
the Budget Bureau announced
This reduction is effective within
those groups of employes subject
to the Overtime Pay Act. These
groups constitute about 50 per cent
of total executive agency personnel,
which now is around the 3,000,000
The Budget Bureau said the re
duction in the number of persons
required will be met largely by not
filling vacancies.
Business Group Elects
Mrs. Estelle M. t Whiting was
elected president of the American
Business Association at its anntmi
meeting at the Statler Hotel last
night. Other officers elected to
serve for the coming year were Dr.
H. A. Blohm, first vice president;
Mrs. Anne T. Kelly, second vice
president; William R. Franck, treas
urer, and Frank Gordon, secretary.
Chileans Replace Germans
Qhileans now comprise the 5th
Fire Brigade of Valdivia, Chile, once
dominated by residents of German
HONOR DISCOVERER—The Knights of Columbus today observed the annual custom of laying
a wreath at the base of the statue of Columbus in Union Station Plaza. Representatives shown
participating are (left to right): Michael J. Griffin, William A. Maio, Robert F. Handley, Ber
nard Boch, Vincent A. McGarry, William J. Fleming, William A. Mulligan, Joseph A. Dagman,
John J. Buckley, Charles J. Considine, Benjamin S. Simmons, grand knight of the Washington
Council; P. J. Moynihan, and Charles M. Connor. —Star Staff Photo.
Overholser Favors Action
To Protect Teen-Aged Girls
Doctor Believes Some Should Be
Sent Home, But Sees Difficulties
Approval—with reservations—was
given by Dr. Winfred Overholser,
St. Elizabeth’s Hospital superin
tendent, to the four-point program
outlined in The Star yesterday by
Ray H. Everett, executive secretary
of the Social Hygiene Society.
“All of these suggestions certainly
demand serious consideration,” Dr.
Overholser said. “I’m not sure but
what it is the thing to do to send
some of the very young girls home.
However, the practicalities of such a
program may prove a big difficulty."
Mr. Everett’s program asked that
the teen-age Government girls be
sent home; that a careful screening
process, including strict medical and
psychiatric tests, be given Washing
ton job applicants; that Govern
ment girls who live here be given
more guidance with their problems,
and that the police force be in
No Place for Children.
"Undoubtedly, some of these
youngsters are entirely too imma
ture to cope with the pitfalls of a
place like Washington. It is no
place for children to be left on their
own,” Dr. Overholser said.
“However,” he said, “we must re
member that, although some of the
girls are playing high, wide and
handsome, most of them are doing
their jobs, and doing them well. If
we sent all of them home arbi
trarily, we might be doing a grave
injustice to those who do take care
of themselves.
“Such action might hurt the war
effort, too,” he said. “The girls
from 20 up are likely to have good
jobs at home, or to join the serv
ices in preference to coming to
Washington as civilian workers, and
if we eliminated all those under
20, it might create a serious woman
power shortage.”
Favors Screening Process.
As to the screening process to
weed out those whose physical or
mental health would not fit them
for Washington jobs, Dr. Over
holser said: “It is an excellent idea.
However, to put it in practice would
be to work a great hardship on both
the job applicants and the Govern
ment medical staffs.
“At one time all civil service em
ployes had to pass physical tests
given by Federal medical employes,”
Dr. Overholser said. “But that soon
became an impossible task, and we
had to rely on reports from private
physicians. Many girls were given
health approval statements from
their home-town doctors and after
they came to Washington we dis
covered they had some disease, or
had had some illness in the past
that would make them bad risks
for the Government.
“It would be an even greater job
to attempt to give each applicant a
routine psychiatric test before
sending them here,” he said. “De
termining what constitutes mental
stability among several hundred
young girls would be a long, diffi
cult task for any one—but an al
Canned Foods, Etc.—Book No. 4
blue stamps A-8 through Z-8 and
A-5 through R-5 good indefinite
ly. Each stamp worth 10 prints
Most canned vegetables and
special foods now off rationing.
Use of blue tokens discontinued.
Meats, Fats, Etc.—Red stamps A-{
through Z-8 and A-5 through K-S
good indefinitely for 10 point;
each. All meats except beel
steaks, roast beef and choice cut;
of lamb and pork are point free
Points for Fats—Your meat deale!
will pay two ration points foi
eijch pound of waste kitchen fat;
you turn in. The fact that lard
shortening and cooking oils have
been removed from the ration list
does not mean fat collection h
less essential. *
Sugar—Book No. 4 stamps 30 through
33 valid for 5 pounds indefinitely
Book No. 4 stamp 40 good for S
pounds for home canning through
' February 38. 1945.
Gasoline—A-ll coupons good for 3
gallons each through November 8.
B-4, C-4, B-5 and C-5 coupons
good for 5 gallons each.
Shoes—Airpflbe stamps 1 and 3 in
Book No. 3 good Indefinitely for
one pair of shoes each.
Fuel Oil—Periods No. 4 and 5 cou
pons good for 10 gallons per unit
. through August 31, 1945. Period 1,
1944-5 ration, also good for 1C
gallons a unit.
most impossible one for a busy civil
service official.”
Would Tighten Rules.
Dr. Overholser gave Vunreserved
approval to the suggestion that the
Government girls here get more
guidance. “I think tightening up
the rules for civilian workers in
Government dormitories would be
very worth wlflle. It might be a
good idea to house all girls under
a certain age in Government dormi
tories and give them adequate
counseling and guidance. This
might even entail allocating more
dormitories for civilian workers.
"I am sure many of the girls
would protest further restrictions,”
he asserted. “But the WACS,
WAVES, SPARS and Marines have
tighter rules in their barracks, and
Government girls are no less Fed
eral employes. Of course, the fun
damental questions is: How much
responsibility can we expect the
Government to accept for its non
military employes?"
“I also ag*e with Mr. Everett
that talks and discussions of prob
lems—sex and otherwise—are de
sirable. In a town like Washington,
with thousands of unattached men
and girls, it is childish for any one
to hide their eyes to the facts that
sex and sex problems do exist. The
only thing to do is to face them
sensibly," Dr. Overholser said.
Can’t Police Morals.
He also said he thought additional
police forces would be helpful, al
though, he added, “Of course, you
can’t police or regulate morals.”
“The situation is not perfect, and
improvements certainly could be
made,” he said. “However, it has
improved continually in the past few
months. At one time the number
of Government girls who came to
this hospital as psychiatric cases
was appalling. That number has
decreased substantially, and while
doubtless there are still many girls
who should not be here, and while
many of them have less acute psy
chiatric illnesses and need more sta
bility, still, the Government coun
seling program and the recreational
work being done by the Government
and by private agencies has gone a
long way toward solving the prob
Budget Bureau 0. K.s
Legislative Airing of
Twin Bridge Plan
The Budget Bureau advised the
Commissioners today that it has no
objection to submission of legisla
tion authorizing construction of two
four-lane bridges to replace the pres
ent Highway Bridge, an official of
the bureau said today.
The bureau, however, has not
formally approved the draft of the
legislation, which was submitted tc
it by the Commissioners during the
Backed by the Public Roads Ad
ministration, the Fine Arts Com
mission and the Commissioners, the
twin-bridge plan has been strongly
opposed by the National Parks Serv
ice and the National Capital Park
and Planning Commission, both ol
whom favor one six-lane bridge.
V. L. Almond, a budget official,
explained the approval as with
held because of the difference ol
opinion in a local matter and that
both sides "should have their day
in court” by presenting their con
flicting views before Congress.
Meanwhile, the War Department
has scheduled a hearing for 2:3fl
p.m. Thursday, October 26, in the
Cafeteria Building of the United
States engineers’ office at First and
Douglas streets N.W. on question
of clearances and navigation arising
out of the proposed bridge plan. In
terested parties are invited to at
tend and to present their views
in writing, since all proposals will
be sent to the War Department foi
Fuel Oil Users Urged
To Fill Tanks Now
By the Associated Press.
Deputy Petroleum Administrator
Ralph K. Davies today urged domes
tic users of fuel oil for heating to
All all home tanks now to insure a
supply when cold weather comes.
Storage space available for civilian
grades of fuel oil, he said, has been
drastically reduced by the needs for
military reserve.
Two Roosevelt Talks
High Light Capital's
Columbus Observance
Pan-American Diplomats
To Attend Ceremonies
At White House
President Roosevelt will speak over
the rifcio at 4 p.m. today as part of
the Columbus Day program in cele
bration of the 452d anniversary of
the discovery of America.
The President will speak from the
White House during ceremonies to
which diplomats and officials of all
North American and South Amer
ican nations except Argentina have
been invited.
Another brief radio talk from the
White House will be made by the
President tonight when he accepts
the Pour Freedoms Award of the
It&lian-American Labor Council
to be presented at Columbus Day
ceremonies in New York.
The President will speak at 8:25
pm. for three or four minutes
when Attorney General Biddle ac
cepts the award in his behalf.
The program was arranged over
the Mutual Broadcasting System
from 8:15 to 8:30, but the other
networks have been advised they
may carry it if they wish.
A wreath was laid at the foot of
the Columbus statue in Union Sta
tion Plaza by the Knights of Colum
bus this morning.
Members of the Knights of Co
lumbus and their families will cele
brate the anniversary to 7:30 o’clock
tonight with a dinner-dance at the
Mayflower Hotel. Speakers wilt in
clude the Very Rev. Lawrence J.
Gorman. S. J., president of George
town University, and the Right
Rev. Msgr. Patrick J. McCormick,
rector of Catholic University.
No other special celebrations are
planned, although many Catholic
churches will include prayers for
the continued repose of the soul of
the discoverer of America at regu
lar masses.
Jury Studies Fate
Of Carrier, Accused
In 1943 Auto Slaying
A District Court Jury this after
noon was considering charges of
first-degree murder against Stan
ford Carrier, 27, former Silver
Spring (Md.) boxer, in the auto
mobile slaying of Paul Higgins, 55,
World War veteran. The case went
to the jury late this morning.
Justice James M. Proctor said in
his final instructions to the jury
that there were,three possible ver
dicts, not guilty, guilty of first
degree murder or of second-degree
Mr. Higgins was fatally injured
January 1, 1943, by an automobile
in the alley of the 1800 block of
Kenyon street N.W. George K.
Burton, 26, is serving a prison sen
tence on a charge of second-degree
murder in connection with the kill
ing. He was tried separately.
Carrier has denied any knowledge
of the murder.
Carrier admitted on the stand yes
terday that at about 2 a.m. on Janu
ary 1 he met Burton on New York
avenue N.W. and lent him his car.
The defendant said he and Burton
pjfcked up a man Burton called “his
frieild” at Fourteenth and G streets
N.W., and then Carrier said he got
off at the Capitol Hotel, 1018 I
street N.W., where he was staying.
Burton returned the car keys within
a half an hour, Carrier said.
On cross-examination by Assistant
United States Attorney Bernard
Margolius, Carrier admitted he and
Burton went to Baltimore three days
after the murder to join the Mer
chant Marine, but they were talked
out of it by Carrier’s uncle, with
whom they stayed in Baltimore.
In bis final argument Defense At
torney James J. Laughlin charged
the police with trying to "pin some
thing” on his client and denied
that Carrier would hit some one who
was down.
Five New Polio Victims
Raise Area Total to 299
Five new cases of infantile pa
ralysis have been reported since
yesterday, raising the total since
July 1 to 299, the District Healtt
Department reported today.
Four cases were of District origir
while the fifth victim was fron
Arlington. Of the total, 171 orig
inated in the District and 128 ir
the surrounding counties.
Defense to Quiz
Hitler Ex-Aide
In Sedition Trial
Dr. Rauschning Tells
Of Fuehrer's Plan
For U. S. Revolt
Direct testimony that Adolph Hit
ler planned a decade ago to forment
a revolution in the United State*
and set up a national socialist state
were laid before the jury in the
sedition case today as the defense
took over the examination of the
Peuhrer's former confidant, Dr. Her
mann Rauschning, noted German
refugee author.
Hitler is named in the Govern
ment’s bill of particulars as the No.
1 conspirator in the case, and the
26 defendants on trial are alleged
to have carried out his purpose
through an alleged attempt to un
dermine the loyalty of the armed
forces in this country. Tha defense
repeatedly has challenged tne prose
cution to show anywhere in Hitler’s
writings or in any other authentic
documents of the Nazi regime the
world-wide conspiracy charged by
the Department of Justice and par
ticularly any plot to incite the over
throw of the American Government.
Dr. Rauschning, who took the
stand in District Court late yester
day, was the first witness to quote
Hitler directly.
Tells of Conversation.
“Adolf Hitler said," the witness
told the jury, “that he had no fear
the United States would again join
a edition of western democracies
against Germany. He said the
United States was threatened with a
bloody revolution. He said he would
be able to make this latest revolu
tion come to pass. He explained
the methods by which he would
be able to paralyze the national
unity of the United States and the
power of resistance of this country.”
This conversation. Dr. Rauschning
said, occured October 18, 1833, at
the chancellory in Berlin at the
time he was president of the Pree
City of Danzig. The witness ex
plained that he had just returned
from a League of Nations meeting
m Germany, and he reported to
Hitler that the situation there was
very tense, following the withdrawal
of Germany from the league, and
Great Britain might go to war
again against Germany, with tha
possibility that eventually America
would be drawn in.
Hitler, said Dr. Rauschning, saw
no possibility that the United States
would intervene.
“He explained,” the witness said,
"that the United States was not
really a well-established nation,
but a nation in the making. He
said the cleavages in the popula
tion could be widened to disunite
the country.”
Recalls Talk Year Later.
Nearly a year later, Dr. Rausch
ning testified, Hitler said the idea
of war with America was ridiculous.
"He mentioned,” the witness re
called, “that during that year there
had been a riot of marines cm an
American battleship, and this was
an example that proved that as
least the American Navy would be
fertile soil for propaganda.”
Dr. Rauschning said Hitler ex
plained it would be easy for him to
follow in America the methods he
had used in Germany to “neutral
ize” the police and military forces
toward his policies.
Another time, the witness said.
Hitler and Goebbels and others dis
cussed America at a conference in
Hitler’s private apartment in Ber
lin, and it was agreed that Nazi
propaganda could be spread througn
various groups in America.
“We have to paralyze the will and
national unity of this and other
countries,” Hitler was quoting as
saying, as he mentioned also Po
land, Prance and Great Britain.
“He said,” the witness reported,
“that the great issue was to liberate
the world from the poison of democ
racy, with its degenerating doctrine
of liberty and equality.”
Policy in America.
It would be the policy in America,
Dr. Rauschning said Hitler told
them, to play on the resentment of
the majority against Negroes, Jewa
and other racial minorities, at the
same time emphasizing the necessity
of the strong discipline of a power
ful state to dispel trouble between
opposing groups.
Early in 1934 Hitler, the witness
said, again reverting to the United
States in a general discussion of
conditions, mentioned groups of
German origin in this country as
valuable contacts, adding, “We will
have a German SA (storm troopers)
there and a Hitler Youth.”
It would be necessary, the witness
said Hitler told him, to weaken the
discipline of the armed forces and
the police, just as he had done in
Austria, where the Nazis “gained
the support of the officers and at
least the neutrality of the privates.”
Hitler was said to have empha
sized that the technique was to work
up sympathy for a National Socialist
state through the traditions and
historic surroundings of each coun
try, rather than trying to impose a
-foreign type of government which
would be strange to the people.
Thus, the witness said, Hitler ex
plained that he could cite George
Washington for his purpose, be
cause the first President was "not
really a democrat, but an aristo
crat,” and similarly Lincoln could
be mentioned as a man of the peo
ple who would be sympathetic to
the aims of Germany.
Propaganda “Artillery,”
Hitler, the witness added, called
propaganda the "artillery and trench
warfare” of modem conquest.
Once, at Berchesgaden, the witness
said, Hitler described the basic prin
ciple of his police as "world revolu
Dr. Rauschning testified through
a storm of defense objections to
nearly every question. Defense at
torneys contended repeatedly that
this testimony had nothing to do
with the charge that the defendants
conspired to undermine the armed
forces of this country after July,
Chief Justice Edward C. Etcher
deferred ruling, at least until this
afternoon, on a sheaf of defense mo
tions for a mistrial, based on Presi
dent Roosevelt’s reference in hia
speech recently to the Silver Shirts,
an organisation which figures in the
alleged cantplraqr.

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