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Cloudy today, intermittent light rain. Tomorrow fair, a little warmer. Temperatures today—Highest, 60, at 1:30 pm.; lowest, 57, at 4:10 am. Yes* terday—Highest, 68, at 8:55 p.m.; low* est, 47, at 4:40 am. Late New York Markets, Page A-17. ■■■y.n— ■■■.. .—... Guide for Readers Page. Amusements ..A-12 Comics _B-18-19 Editorials .A-S Editor! Articles, A-9 Plnance ..A-17 Lost and Found, A-3 Page. Obituary _A-10 Radio .B-19 Society _B-3 Sport* .A-14-15 Where to Go... B-* Woman’s Page, B-14 «- - - — ' An Associated Press Newspaper 92d YEAR. No. 36,689. _WASHINGTON, D. C., FRIDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1944—THIRTY-EIGHT PAGES. ★★★ City Home Delivery, Dally and Sunday m rcpvrrci 90c a Month. When A Sunday•. $1.00. ® Vati »lo. n 1 T 221 PLANES, 35 SHIPS Yanks Move Into Aachen Proper; Major Tank Battle Developing Nazis Bring Up Crack Forces From East BULLETIN. OUTSIDE AACHEN (IP).— The German escape gap lead ing east from Aachen was cut to half a mile late today and was being closed. ’ (Map on Page A-3.) By the Associated Press. LONDON, Oct. .13.—A famous American infantry division to day fought its way into Aachen proper, now a smoking hulk of ruins, after capturing all the suburban Schlachtof factory district on the northeastern outskirts. The Germans wheeled up rein forcements. including one of their finest tank divisions, in a last minute attempt to save the great frontier city of 165,000. The enemy counterattacked heavily at Barden berg. Opposition was surprisingly weak as the doughboys entered the city, which had been bombed and blasted for two days by hundreds of dive bombers and al almost solid ring of heavy artillery plunging shells by the thousands into its ancient struc tures. Cross 16 Rows of Tracks. Tne Americans entered tne city itself at 9:30 a.m. (4:30 a.m.. East ern war time) along a path blasted by artillery and mortars. The Yan kees crossed 16 rows of tracks and started routing out dirty and beard ed Germans holed up in the narrow streets, which were cluttered with debris. The fighting was at close quar ters, sometimes with bayonets, some times with small arms. Self-pro pelled artillery moved into the city with the infantry. The Americans fought near fires in many parts of the old city. The appearance of a fresh Ger man armored division, shifted from the Arnhem sector in Holland, stirred expectation that a major tank battle would soon be joined. Aachen, the largest German town yet invested, was being obliterated by American shells and bombs, but there was no sign of a break in the 1,500 to 2,000 Nazi SS troops who fought from the rubble and the sew ers. Already 85 per cent of Aachen is estimated destroyed or damaged. Nazi Pocket Destroyed. Fighting also intensified at Wur selen and Haaren, the tips of the Allied spearheads crowding the thin escape hatch toward Cologne. A German pocket was destroyed at Wurselen, 3 miles north of Aachen. The end for Aachen seemed in evitable—but there was no telling how long the battle would last. The Berlin radio gave conflicting accounts. One broadcast said the American assault had slackened and that the Aachen corridor had been widened to 4 miles. Another said huge American reinforcements had arrived, indicating major operations were contemplated well beyond the city. The Allies improved their posi tions in Holland. Signs appeared that Marshal Karl von Rundstedt was preparing a stiff defense in Southwestern Holland, despite re ports of the destruction of the Rot terdam docks. Front correspondents said the Germans were strengthening their forces near the Schelde Estuary, possibly for a major attack against the Canadian 1st Army to retain ap proaches to the Belgian port of Antwerp. Planes spotted heavy German traffic moving west from Tilburg toward Breda and destroyed 31 vehicles. Considerable movement was noted on the western waterways, where planes damaged 50 or more barges. Swarms of fighter planes estimat ed to total 150 were hurled by the Germans against American siege lines around Aachen last night, all apparently bent on removing the immediate threat posed by dough boys who fought yesterday into the city's northeastern suburbs. Twelve of the Nazis were shot from the sky. six were damaged and two other probable kills were regis tered by American airmen. Four American fighters were lost. The Messerschmitts and Focke Wulfs consisted one of the largest forces of aircraft committed by the Germans to a single action in recent weeks. British Forces Advance. British forces lunged a mile for ward from the right flank of their Dutch salient pointed toward Arn hem and moved within 10 miles of the German border. The advance was south of newly captured Over loon. Supreme headquarters disclosed that Canadians on the south bank of the Schelde Estuary had been reinforced and gained new ground (See WESTERN FRONT, Page A-3.) Laurel Results FIRST RACE—Purse. $2,000: maiden 2 year-olds; alowances; 6 furlongs. Prepossessing (Snelli’gs) 11.90 8.30 4 60 River Crossing (Seawthorn) 20.10 k'tii Pine Lake (Wall) Sion Time, ]:17H. 0 Also ran—-Miss Balladler. Lindiebee, Brlaresque. Miss Belvedere. Fire Eater Miss Brownking, Bright Mintlnka. Oay Array, Guard Ship. SECOND RACE—-Purse. $1,600: 8-year olds and up; claiming; fl furlongs, gun Be.rer(Bowere) 11.30 4.70 4.10 Hoosier Wolf (Seocca) 7.30 6.40 Royal Display (Fitagerald) 40.60 Time. 1:14%. ^ Also ran—Queen’s Wreath. Hockey. Queen Minatoka, Marogay, Bare Cup board. Big Moose, Saloldpal, Buck’s Dance. Bherrlelee. (Daily Double Mid $68.80.) 4 Doughboys Entering City Meet Surprisingly Light Opposition Heavy Air and Artillery Bombardments Support Push Across Railway Tracks By DON WHITEHEAD, Associated Press War Correspondent. BEFORE AACHEN, Oct. 13.— Doughboys of Lt. Gen. Courtney H. Hodges’ United States 1st Army, supported by heavy air and artillery bombardments, fought their way into Aachen street by street today against surprisingly light opposition. At 9.30 a.m., Capt. Ozell Smoot of Oklahoma City, Okla., led his troops across the railway tracks on the edge of Aachen and began working through the streets, house by house. Then another unit under Capt. Roland Weeks of Long Island moved into the attack while the thunder of battle rolled over the burning, smoking city being punished by screaming dive bombers and crash ing artillery. By darkness last night American troops had seized all the suburban Schlachthof factory district on the northeastern outskirts. From the vantage point of an old i shell-wrecked building near the railway tracks we watched artillery and dive bombers battering Aachen, which at close range looks like a hulk of old ruins. Many buildings are intact, but the city has taken a terrible beating. Fires burned in many parts, cloaking its sprawling length with spirals of gray and black smoke. Out of the broken clouds roared dive bombers with machine guns and cannon clattering. Then bombs fell and great columns of smoke mushroomed upward. Self-propelled guns thundered nearby and made the old building shudder and the windows rattle. Lt. Col. Derill M. Daniel of Geneva, N. Y., pointed out the line of attack. "It's very slow going,” he said, “because the boys have to search every room, cellar, outhouse and well where the enemy might be hiding.” Asked what the guns were shoot (See AACHEN, Page A-3.) Mikolajczyk Consults | Harriman, Sees Hope Of Polish Accord Churchill-Stalin Talks Will Bring Compromise, Moscow Believes Bs the Associated Press. MOSCOW, Oct. 13.—Premier Stanislaw Mikolajczyk of the London Polish regime said today “I am most hopeful" of accord with the Soviet-sponsored Lublin Committee of National Libera tion after a conference With the American Ambassador, W. Ave rell Harriman. The belief prevailed that a com promise would be reached before Prime Minister Churchill concludes his talks with Premier Stalin. Mr. Mikolajczyk, who flew here from London yesterday by invitation, conferred on arrival with British Foreign Minister Anthony Eden. He was to talk with other high lead ers of Great Britain and Russia before meeting the chief members of the Lublin Committee, with which he failed to reach agreement two months ago. Though Prime Minister Churchill is known to have stressed impor tance of settling the Polish dispute, and although some diplomatic sources suggested he had com mitted his personal prestige to ob taining a tentative compromise, the way was admittedly difficult. Exile Regime Holds Reins. Mr. Mikolajczyk was granted no “blank check” by his London exile government. Even in event of a pro visional agreement he would have to return to London and submit it for approval. His government is willing to dis cuss the border question with the Soviet Union, but has not offered to renounce the 1935 constitution which it claims as sole legal author ity. Mr. Mikolajczyk suggested to the Lublin committee in August the reorganization of his government on the basis of five major political parties, including the Polish workers, or Communist party. To this he re ceived no. reply. The Soviet-sponsored Lublin com mittee has stood fast on its con tention that it speaks for liberated Poland; that Mr. Mikolajczyk can join the group, perhaps even as .premier; but that the Lublin com mittee will not Join the London government. The Lublin group wants the Pol ish President shorn of his powers, the 1935 constitution abandoned and appointment of the Lublin com mander in chief, Col. Gen. Rola Zymierski, as head of Polish armed forces. Indication that Moscow has not warmed toward the London Polish government developed today when the Moscow radio broadcast fresh denunciation of the exiled group. The criticism was contained in a Moscow report of a mass meeting of Polish youth at Lublin “a few days ago” at which a captain of the Na tional Liberation Committee’s Se curity Corps charged capitulation in Warsaw of Lt. Gen. Tadeusz Komo rowski’s (Bor) home army was “pre meditated treachery.” Southern England Again Hit By Plane-Launched Robots By the Associated Press. LONDON, Oct. rt:—Flying bombs were launched over the North Sea against Southern England and the London area last night. Again the familiar “damage and casualties have been reported" ap peared in the official announcement'. One robot burst in the air, another struck a tavern causing damage but no casualties, and another crashed in open ground, but its spreading blast wrecked a number of houses and caused casualties. Three British fighter pilots pounced on one robot after it passed over an Bast Anglian town and, in a simultaneous attack, brought it down in open country. L New Assault Launched By Yanks After Heavy Raid on Bologna Area 300 Prisoners Captured In Advancing to Within 10 Miles of Key City By the Associated Press. ROME, Oct. 13.—Heavy fight ing flared up In the hills along the Florence-Bologna road to day after yesterday’s massive air assault on Oerman positions and Installations south of Bo logna, key communications cen ter of the Po Valley. Allied headquarters said 5th Army troops took more than 300 prisoners in the new assault in the Central Italian sector. Aided by warm weather. Amer ican forces pushed ahead and partly flanked the town of Livergnano, 10 miles south of Bologna on Highway 65, the communique said. Resistance Still Stiff. The doughboys again encountered stiff enemy resistance. In describ ing the heavy fighting astride Highway 65 the communique said "no material advances have been made.” Foot troops reached the summit of one hill only 9 miles southwest of Castel San Pietro on the Bologna Rimini road, while other forces cap tured Mount Delle Formiche, 2'/} miles east of Livergnano where the fiercest fighting seems to have cen tered. Yesterday’s pulverizing raids by American planes in their greatest blow yet in the North Italian cam paign were made in an attempt to blast a pathway into the Po Valley for 5th Army forces, which have been virtually stalled south of Bologna. West of Highway 65, 5th Army units pushed a mile beyond Mon teramici, bare little village in the hills overlooking a subsidiary road to Bologna. On the west coast, troops of the 92d American Infantry Division clung to Mount Canala, about 4 miles southwest of Massa, western terminus of the Gothic Line. Eighth Army Advances. Meanwhile, the 8th Army found itself on firmer ground and ap peared to be moving steadily for ward everywhere except in the im mediate Adriatic coastal sector, where a succession of streams at short intervals gave the Germans a wide choice of defensive positions. Eighth Army troops rolled the Germans off another segment of Highway 9—the Bologna-Rimini road—penetrating to a point 3 miles beyond Savignano and capturing the villages of Balignano, Massa, Badia and Montiano, south of the road. The troops which took Montiano were only 4% miles south east of Cesena, another junction point of Highway 9. In the hills south of the highway the Germans were putting in re inforcements and heavy fighting was in progress for the dominating peaks. Italian patriots in the mountains were continuing to harass the Nazi troops. Headquarters disclosed that three heavy bombers and 17 other planes were missing from yester day’s aerial operations in the Mediterranean sector, which in cluded strafing of airfields and other targets in Austria and Hungary. Eighteen enemy planes were shot down. Bulgaria Completes Withdrawal From Greece Br the Associated Press. LONDON, Oct. 13.—The Moscow radio said today that withdrawal of Bulgarian troops and adminis trative officials from Greek territory, begun on October 10, has been com pleted in compliance with Allied demands preliminary to armistice negotiations. There was no specific mention of evacuation of Yugoslav territory— another Allied stipulation. ▲ Russian Tanks Mass at Border Of East Prussia Other Forces Race Across Hungary Toward Austria BULLETIN. LONDON (j'P).—A German radio report on the siege of Riga, Latvian capital and chief port, indicated tonight that Russian troops had broken into the eastern half of the city. By the Associated Press. MOSCOW, Oct. 13.—Russian tanks and infantry today stormed the centuries-old Junk ers lands of East Prussia, barely 9 miles northeast of the impor tant city of Tilsit, while in Hun gary the victorious Red Army raced for the 160-mile-distant Austrian frontier. The East Prussian frontier was cracked in the Memelland sector. Hitler annexed this region from Lithuania in 1939 thus recovering territory which was held by Ger many for hundreds of years before the World War. • (A Paris bA>adcast heard In London by Reuters said "the Russians are reported to have crossed the East Prussian border at three different points.”) Great offensives against the northern and southern extremity of the Reich rolled back maimed Ger man divisions. Hungary’s admission of defeat was expected hourly. Russian col umns were converging on Budapest along the main rail lines, approxi mately 60 miles east of the capital and reportedly less than that on the south.. All major communications between Hungary and Serbia were reported in Russian hands. No Natural Barriers. No natural barriers stood in the way of Marshal Rodion Y. Malinov sky’s four-pronged drive on Buda pest across the Hungarian plains. Russian forces were less than 15 miles from the only Hungarian rail lines, connecting Budapest with Magyar troops at the Carpathian passes in Ruthenia. The routed German-Hungarian forces in North 1 em Transylvania were virtually cut I off. Southern Hungary was a race track for Russian armor. The Hun garians were reported resigned to the immediate loss of Kecskemet rich provincial city famed for its peach brandy, situated 49 miles southeast of Budapest. Wilting Hungarian resistance all along the invasion front seemed to substantiate diplomatic hints that the exhausted satellite nation was about to quit Hitler. The mopup of Hungary was counted on to pre pare the springboard for the in vasion of Austria as well as to as sure the early liberation of the Croatian and Slovenian areas of Yugoslavia, and to pinch off the Germans in Slovakia. Austrians Urged to Prepare. (Meanwhile, Turkish sources said Berlin had urged Austrians to dig for their lives in a frenzy of frontier spadework npar Vienna. The broadcast procla mations appealed to the popula tions to follow the example of “the East Prussians and Rhine landers,” and said that all able bodied men and women in the Vienna region were at or on their way to the diggings after a mass callup of age groups between 16 and 65.) While the campaign in Hungary took on the appearance of a push over offensive, East Prussia and the remainder of the German front of the Baltic coast was a heavy slug ging match all the way. Raging ’assaults carried the Russians with in 5 miles of the eastern limits of Riga and slashed into the siege de fenses of Memel on the Baltic coast line. The East Prussian line cracked beyond the frontier town of Sartin inkai, 13 miles northeast of Tilsit. itiver nnieias iiisit. Punching south from Sartininkai, the Russians faced the Niemen River—a watery shield for Tilsit. Russian troops driving on Tilsit from Slavikai were confronted by the big bend of the Szeszuppe River. The Germans, again scraping re serves from the rear bases in East Prussia, were determined to wage along the Szeszuppe the same fa natical defense that held up Mar shal Ivan Cherniakhovsky’s 3d White Russian Army two months. Nevertheless, attacks toward Tilsit brought the Russians within 42 miles of Insterburg and 65 miles of Konigsberg, East Prussian capital. The Russians were reported fight ing in the outskirts of Memel. Despite hard rains and blownup highways, the Russians advancing through the Balkans captured two prizes yesterday. These were Ora dea, largest Romanian city then in enemy hands, and Subotica, third largest city of Yugoslavia. Subotica, a rail center of 100,000, lies near the Hungarian frontier 100 miles northwest of Belgrade and 35 miles southwest of captured Szegeb. Oradea, in Transylvania and claimed by Hungary as its sixth larg est city, had been wrested from Ro mania in Hitlsr's 1840 Vienna dic tate. A \ NJ '/-—^ r HERE! WOULD 1 YOU MIND HOLDING P C MY CHILD'-.-/ [ JUST FOR THE / S DURATION?) Clash Develops Over Proposal To Send Teen-Age Clerks Home Civil Service Official Calls Young Girls ''Essential to Victory'; Nolan Differs Sharp disagreement over em ployment of teen-age girls in the Government was expressed to : day, with a ranking Civil Serv ice Commission official saying i the girls are “essential to vic tory,” while James A. Nolan, di rector of the Washington Crim inal Justice Association, con tended no girl under 21 should be In Washington on her own. The civil service official asserted that the suggestion that Govern ment girls under 21 should be sent hotne “does not take into account that there is a war on.” "Nobody says we ought to bring the teen-age boys back from New Caledonia,” the civil service spokes man declared, “yet stories of their deaths are carried in the papers every day. The fact that they see death, and face difficult conditions is extremely regrettable, yet every one realizes that if we are to win this war, it is necessary. "The same is true of young girls in war jobs. More than half of the civilian employes in Washington work for the War and Navy De partments and thousands of others are in war jobs. They, too, are es sential to victory. We Just have to face the fact that this country is at war, and therefore we have to call on young people for jobs we would not ask them to do in peacetime.” Crime Wave Denied. “Furthermore, he added, “it is not Justifiable to generalize about a situation because of one incident. Deplorable as that incident may be, It should not be used as an example of what is typical. A member of the Women’s Bureau of the Metropoli ; tan Police told me this morning that i (See GOVERNMENT GIRLS, A-4.1 Ball Is Ahead of Time On Security Queries, Roosevelt Declares Senator Seeks Answer On Use of Arms Without Approval of Congress ROOSEVELT SAYS additional campaign speeches are being con sidered. Page A-2 By the Associated Press. President Roosevelt said today that Senator Ball, Republican, of Minnesota is a little bit ahead of time in asking if United States representatives on a world se curity cquncil could commit military forces to action without further congressional approval. The President refused to discuss it when a reporter asked him St his news conference if his ideas fol lowed those of the Senator. Senator Ball, who recently said he was withholding his support from Gov. Dewey until the Re publican nominee clarified further his views on foreign policy, yester day proposed this question to both candidates: “Should the vote of the United States representatives on the United Nations Security Council commit an agreed-upon quota of our military forces to action ordered by the council to maintain peace without requiring further congressional ap proval?" No Decision on "Higher" Talks. Mr. Roosevelt said there had been no decision yet on the "higher level” conferences left over by the Dumbarton Oaks conference to work out final phases of the international peace organization. A reporter asked whether the “higher level” meant the final ques tions would be discussed by the top officials of the governments or by subordinates. The President replied that this is a detail, and added that we are progressing rapidly as pos (See BALL, Page A-4.) Today's Political Broadcasts 9:55 pm.—WRC, Orson Welles, speaking from New York, in behalf of the Democratic Na tional Committee. 10:00 pm.—WMAL, Represents. tlve Clare Boothe Luce, Republican of Connecticut, speak ing from Chicago. 10:45 pm.—W R C, Darlington H o o p e s, Socialist vice presidential candidate, repeat of acceptance speech, from Seattle. I A Both Parties Watch Rise in New York's Registration Figures Dewey Signs Up to Vote And Reviews Parade On Fifth Avenue By J. A. OXEARY, Star Staff Correspondent. ALBANY, N. Y., Oct. 13 — Dem ocrats and Republicans alike are waiting eagerly for the close of voting registration in New York this week end, to see whether the unexpected increase record ed in New York City during the first three days continues. Both sides are preparing to put up a hard fight for the State's 47 elec toral votes, and the final registration totals in the Democratic strongholds Registration Soars To 1,974,846 for Four-Day Total By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, Oct. 13.—New York City registration today totaled 1,974,846 after 536,366 signed registration books yes terday. The four-day total in 1940 was 1,924,846. of the city will give Republicans some idea of how largp a majority Gov. Thomas E. Dewey would need upstate to carry New York. The Republican nominee and Mrs. Dewey added their own names to the registration books yesterday afternoon at a booth in the office of an automobile club on East 48th street near the hotel where the Deweys make their home in New York City. Dewey Reviews Parade. Earlier in the day Gov. Dewey re viewed a big Columbus Day parade on Fifth avenue, in which thousands of marchers took part. On the re viewing stand the Republican nom inee was surrounded by prominent New Dealers, including Attorney General Biddle, Senator Wagner of New York and Senator Pepper of Florida. Gov. Dewey accepted for the Uni versity of Michigan a bust of him self sculptured by Donald E. Cur ran. J. K. Gould, president of the Uni versity of Michigan Alumni Club of New York City, told the candidate: “Keep punching, Tom. That's the kind of fighting that wins elections.” Mr. Gould presented a bust of Dewey which he said would be placed on a suitable pedestal on the Michigan campus, where Gov. Dewey received his college degree. Mr. Gould said he hoped the Michigan alumni could help pro vide the extra impetus which might -llee PfWgg, i*age A-ib WLB Labor Members Will Take Pay Formula Directly to Roosevelt Will Recommend Upward Revision Without Waiting For Victory in Europe By JOSEPH A. LOFTUS, Associated Press Staff Writer Labor members of the War La bor Board are going directly to President Roosevelt with recom mendations that the “Little Steel" formula be revised with out delay to permit an upward revision of wages. This course was decided on yes terday despite word from a principal White Home adviser that the ad ministration would not seek a change in basic wage policy until victory In Europe is clearly in sigh* and production cut-backs relieve some of the pressure for manpower. R. J. Thomas, president of the CIO United Automobile workers, said the labor group was trying to work out something on paper before seeking a White House conference. Recess Until Tuesday. Meanwhile, public members of the WLB began to draft a proposed factual report to the President with out recommendations. It was de cided to recess discussions of the issue of wages vs. living costs until Tuesday when the public members expect to have a first report pre pared for the consideration of the full board. The decision to send the President only a factual report was reached by an 8-to-4 vote Wednesday with pub lic and industry members forming the majority and the labor members the minority. Although the WLB is now com mitted to a report without recom mendations, a broad field still re mains for controversy over the prep aration of that report. Debate will center on the yard sticks to be used in determining whether living costs have outrun wages and if so. how much. The principals in the controversy cannot agree on how much the cost of living has increased. Even more controversial is the measurement of wages, that is, whether the yardstick should be base rates, straight time earnings which include incentive payments and merit increases, or gross earnings which include income from a long work week and overtime. That the AFL and the CIO, losers (See WAGES~Page A-4.) Major Allied Landing In Greece Expected By the Associated Press. ROME, Oct. 13.—Gen. Sir Henry Maitland Wilson, supreme Allied commander in the Mediterranean, said in a broadcast today that "a force under my command is about to land in Greece” and that the kingdom’s liberation was at hand. Gen. Wilson’s broadcast Indicated an Allied landing in force was im minent, as contrasted to the rather small forces employed in the Pelo ponnesus. Unofficial reports said the Greek flag was flying over the Acropolis in Athens and that the Athens radio was in Allied hands. (The Germans have evacuated Athens and declared it an open city, a Reuters dispatch to Lon don from Cairo said today.) Allied proclamations were broad cast promising immediate aid. to the Greeks. V Gen. Wilson told the Greeks: "Tour day of liberation is at hand. For the second time in this war, a force under my command is about to land in Greece but, I am thankful to say, under very different condi tions. "We come now to sweep away ah traces of the Invader and, by use of your ports and airfields, to harass his retreat.” Nimitz Reports Island Was Hit From End to End U. S. Loses 22 Planes; Attack Continuing, Japanese Declare (Map on Page A-16.) By the Associated Press. PACIFIC FLEET HEADQUAR TERS, Pearl Harbor, Oct. 13— Powerful American carrier forces destroyed 221 Japanese planes, sank 16 ships and damaged 19 at Formosa in the fourth suc cessive powerhouse blow at Japan’s inner defense line. Ad miral Chester W. Nimitz an nounced today. American losses were 22 planes and there was no damage to surface ships. This was the first confirmation of Tokyo radio reports that 1.000 planes had raided the island blockading the approach to the China coast. The mighty strike Wednesday fUnited States time) only 575 miles south of Japan proper climaxed a series of attacks on the Philippines. Formosa, the Ryukyus and Marcus within four davs. Luzon Attacked. Admiral Nimitz announced last night that “a large force of carrier aircraft” pounced on Luzon in the Philippines Tuesday. He did not identify the targets, but his refer ence to attacks on "enemy airbases” might be taken to mean the Manila area, twice hit in September, again was the target. • Tokyo radio reported the American attacks were carried into the fifth day when carrier planes returned to Formosa Thursday, United States time.) Without identifying the harbors where Admiral Marc A. Mitscher's carrier planes, discovered Japanese shipping. Admiral Nimitz reported this score in Wednesday's Formosa attack: Ships sunk : Two large cargo; 2 medium car go; 12 small cargo. Ships damaged: Two large cargo; 7 medium cargo; 10 small cargo. Jap Warship* Absent. Once again Admiral William F. Halsey, jr.'s, mighty 3d Fleet failed to find any Japanese warships will ing to resist his bold thrust inside the enemy's long planned inner de fense perimeter. Of the Japanese airplanes de stroyed, 124 were shot out of the air and 97 finished off on the ground. The loss of 221 airplanes was a severe blow to Japanese defenses but comparative smallness of the number once again emphasizes how i pinched the enemy apparently is for airpower. Formosa is one of the largest islands on the Pacific, 249 miles from north to south and ranging to 93 miles wide. Strong defense would dictate that thousands of airplanes be based there. However, the fact that only 22 American aircraft were downed is the strongest possible evidence that the enemy could have sent comparatively few more inter ceptors than Admiral Mitscher's pilots destroyed. Bombed From End to End. American airmen bombed and strafed Formosa from end to end. Admiral Nimitz reported they did “extensive damage to hangars, build ings, oil dumps, warehouses, docks and industrial establishments at Einansho. Okayama, Tamsui, Heito, Reigaryo and Taichu.” The ships may have been found in Tamsui harbor on the north or at Heito near the southern tip. The raiders apparently worked down the western side of the island only about 100 miles from the China coast. They struck the most important rail centers on Western Formosa, con centrating on the southwestern sec tion where Einansho. Okayama, Heito and Reigaryo lie within a semicircle 25 miles in diameter. Never before has so much power been unleashed in such a brief period against Japan. Expanding this offensive picture, a bomber armada completely knocked out plants supplying the enemy war machine with aviation gasoline and oil at Balikpapan on Borneo and American invaders of the Palaus swept on to their 12th island in the south end of those stepping stones to the Philippines. rour-uay unensive. The four-day offensive read like this: Sunday. October 8.—Marcus Is jland, 1.135 miles southeast of Tokyo, methodically shelled all day by guns of warships, including the 16-inch guns of battleships. Defenses of the vital outpost were pulverised. Monday, October 9.—The Kyukyus, swept from end to end, including Amamlwofhima, 200 miles south of Japan, by hundreds of carrier-based planes in an eight-hour assault dur ing which 58 enemy surface craft were sunk or damaged and 89 planes destroyed. Tuesday, October 10—Luzon at tacked. Last night’s communique said, "Detailed reports of the dam age inflicted are not yet available.” Wednesday, October 11 — Heavily fortified Formosa raided by planes which ripped its railway network and ports. Japan said the attack continued for more than eight hours. (In a Tokyo broadcast last night by the Federal Communi cations Commission, the uncon firmed Japanese claim was made that their planes in defending Formosa had "cornered" and sunk one American carrier, pos sibly sunk a second. A previous claim, also unconfirmed, was made that at least 100 of the at tacking planes were shot down.) Gen. Douglas MacArthur an (Bee PACIFIC, Page A-16.) '