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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, October 13, 1944, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Cloudy today, intermittent light rain.
Tomorrow fair, a little warmer.
Temperatures today—Highest, 60, at
1:30 pm.; lowest, 57, at 4:10 am. Yes*
terday—Highest, 68, at 8:55 p.m.; low*
est, 47, at 4:40 am.
Late New York Markets, Page A-17.
■■■y.n— ■■■.. .—...
Guide for Readers
Page.
Amusements ..A-12
Comics _B-18-19
Editorials .A-S
Editor! Articles, A-9
Plnance ..A-17
Lost and Found, A-3
Page.
Obituary _A-10
Radio .B-19
Society _B-3
Sport* .A-14-15
Where to Go... B-*
Woman’s Page, B-14
«- - - — '
An Associated Press Newspaper
92d YEAR. No. 36,689.
_WASHINGTON, D. C., FRIDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1944—THIRTY-EIGHT PAGES. ★★★
City Home Delivery, Dally and Sunday m rcpvrrci
90c a Month. When A Sunday•. $1.00. ® Vati »lo.
n 1 T 221 PLANES, 35 SHIPS
Yanks Move Into Aachen Proper;
Major Tank Battle Developing
Nazis Bring Up
Crack Forces
From East
BULLETIN.
OUTSIDE AACHEN (IP).—
The German escape gap lead
ing east from Aachen was cut
to half a mile late today and
was being closed. ’
(Map on Page A-3.)
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, Oct. .13.—A famous
American infantry division to
day fought its way into Aachen
proper, now a smoking hulk of
ruins, after capturing all the
suburban Schlachtof factory
district on the northeastern
outskirts.
The Germans wheeled up rein
forcements. including one of their
finest tank divisions, in a last
minute attempt to save the great
frontier city of 165,000. The enemy
counterattacked heavily at Barden
berg.
Opposition was surprisingly weak
as the doughboys entered the city,
which had been bombed and blasted
for two days by hundreds of dive
bombers and al almost solid ring of
heavy artillery plunging shells by
the thousands into its ancient struc
tures.
Cross 16 Rows of Tracks.
Tne Americans entered tne city
itself at 9:30 a.m. (4:30 a.m.. East
ern war time) along a path blasted
by artillery and mortars. The Yan
kees crossed 16 rows of tracks and
started routing out dirty and beard
ed Germans holed up in the narrow
streets, which were cluttered with
debris.
The fighting was at close quar
ters, sometimes with bayonets, some
times with small arms. Self-pro
pelled artillery moved into the city
with the infantry.
The Americans fought near fires
in many parts of the old city.
The appearance of a fresh Ger
man armored division, shifted from
the Arnhem sector in Holland,
stirred expectation that a major
tank battle would soon be joined.
Aachen, the largest German town
yet invested, was being obliterated
by American shells and bombs, but
there was no sign of a break in the
1,500 to 2,000 Nazi SS troops who
fought from the rubble and the sew
ers. Already 85 per cent of Aachen
is estimated destroyed or damaged.
Nazi Pocket Destroyed.
Fighting also intensified at Wur
selen and Haaren, the tips of
the Allied spearheads crowding the
thin escape hatch toward Cologne.
A German pocket was destroyed at
Wurselen, 3 miles north of Aachen.
The end for Aachen seemed in
evitable—but there was no telling
how long the battle would last.
The Berlin radio gave conflicting
accounts. One broadcast said the
American assault had slackened and
that the Aachen corridor had been
widened to 4 miles. Another said
huge American reinforcements had
arrived, indicating major operations
were contemplated well beyond the
city.
The Allies improved their posi
tions in Holland. Signs appeared
that Marshal Karl von Rundstedt
was preparing a stiff defense in
Southwestern Holland, despite re
ports of the destruction of the Rot
terdam docks.
Front correspondents said the
Germans were strengthening their
forces near the Schelde Estuary,
possibly for a major attack against
the Canadian 1st Army to retain ap
proaches to the Belgian port of
Antwerp. Planes spotted heavy
German traffic moving west from
Tilburg toward Breda and destroyed
31 vehicles.
Considerable movement was noted
on the western waterways, where
planes damaged 50 or more barges.
Swarms of fighter planes estimat
ed to total 150 were hurled by the
Germans against American siege
lines around Aachen last night, all
apparently bent on removing the
immediate threat posed by dough
boys who fought yesterday into the
city's northeastern suburbs.
Twelve of the Nazis were shot
from the sky. six were damaged and
two other probable kills were regis
tered by American airmen. Four
American fighters were lost.
The Messerschmitts and Focke
Wulfs consisted one of the largest
forces of aircraft committed by the
Germans to a single action in recent
weeks.
British Forces Advance.
British forces lunged a mile for
ward from the right flank of their
Dutch salient pointed toward Arn
hem and moved within 10 miles of
the German border. The advance
was south of newly captured Over
loon.
Supreme headquarters disclosed
that Canadians on the south bank
of the Schelde Estuary had been
reinforced and gained new ground
(See WESTERN FRONT, Page A-3.)
Laurel Results
FIRST RACE—Purse. $2,000: maiden 2
year-olds; alowances; 6 furlongs.
Prepossessing (Snelli’gs) 11.90 8.30 4 60
River Crossing (Seawthorn) 20.10 k'tii
Pine Lake (Wall) Sion
Time, ]:17H. 0
Also ran—-Miss Balladler. Lindiebee,
Brlaresque. Miss Belvedere. Fire Eater
Miss Brownking, Bright Mintlnka. Oay
Array, Guard Ship.
SECOND RACE—-Purse. $1,600: 8-year
olds and up; claiming; fl furlongs,
gun Be.rer(Bowere) 11.30 4.70 4.10
Hoosier Wolf (Seocca) 7.30 6.40
Royal Display (Fitagerald) 40.60
Time. 1:14%.
^ Also ran—Queen’s Wreath. Hockey.
Queen Minatoka, Marogay, Bare Cup
board. Big Moose, Saloldpal, Buck’s Dance.
Bherrlelee.
(Daily Double Mid $68.80.)
4
Doughboys Entering City Meet
Surprisingly Light Opposition
Heavy Air and Artillery Bombardments
Support Push Across Railway Tracks
By DON WHITEHEAD,
Associated Press War Correspondent.
BEFORE AACHEN, Oct. 13.—
Doughboys of Lt. Gen. Courtney
H. Hodges’ United States 1st
Army, supported by heavy air
and artillery bombardments,
fought their way into Aachen
street by street today against
surprisingly light opposition.
At 9.30 a.m., Capt. Ozell Smoot of
Oklahoma City, Okla., led his troops
across the railway tracks on the
edge of Aachen and began working
through the streets, house by house.
Then another unit under Capt.
Roland Weeks of Long Island moved
into the attack while the thunder
of battle rolled over the burning,
smoking city being punished by
screaming dive bombers and crash
ing artillery.
By darkness last night American
troops had seized all the suburban
Schlachthof factory district on the
northeastern outskirts.
From the vantage point of an old i
shell-wrecked building near the
railway tracks we watched artillery
and dive bombers battering Aachen,
which at close range looks like a
hulk of old ruins. Many buildings
are intact, but the city has taken
a terrible beating. Fires burned in
many parts, cloaking its sprawling
length with spirals of gray and
black smoke.
Out of the broken clouds roared
dive bombers with machine guns
and cannon clattering. Then bombs
fell and great columns of smoke
mushroomed upward.
Self-propelled guns thundered
nearby and made the old building
shudder and the windows rattle.
Lt. Col. Derill M. Daniel of
Geneva, N. Y., pointed out the
line of attack.
"It's very slow going,” he said,
“because the boys have to search
every room, cellar, outhouse and
well where the enemy might be
hiding.”
Asked what the guns were shoot
(See AACHEN, Page A-3.)
Mikolajczyk Consults |
Harriman, Sees Hope
Of Polish Accord
Churchill-Stalin Talks
Will Bring Compromise,
Moscow Believes
Bs the Associated Press.
MOSCOW, Oct. 13.—Premier
Stanislaw Mikolajczyk of the
London Polish regime said today
“I am most hopeful" of accord
with the Soviet-sponsored Lublin
Committee of National Libera
tion after a conference With the
American Ambassador, W. Ave
rell Harriman.
The belief prevailed that a com
promise would be reached before
Prime Minister Churchill concludes
his talks with Premier Stalin.
Mr. Mikolajczyk, who flew here
from London yesterday by invitation,
conferred on arrival with British
Foreign Minister Anthony Eden.
He was to talk with other high lead
ers of Great Britain and Russia
before meeting the chief members
of the Lublin Committee, with which
he failed to reach agreement two
months ago.
Though Prime Minister Churchill
is known to have stressed impor
tance of settling the Polish dispute,
and although some diplomatic
sources suggested he had com
mitted his personal prestige to ob
taining a tentative compromise, the
way was admittedly difficult.
Exile Regime Holds Reins.
Mr. Mikolajczyk was granted no
“blank check” by his London exile
government. Even in event of a pro
visional agreement he would have
to return to London and submit it
for approval.
His government is willing to dis
cuss the border question with the
Soviet Union, but has not offered
to renounce the 1935 constitution
which it claims as sole legal author
ity. Mr. Mikolajczyk suggested to
the Lublin committee in August the
reorganization of his government on
the basis of five major political
parties, including the Polish workers,
or Communist party. To this he re
ceived no. reply.
The Soviet-sponsored Lublin com
mittee has stood fast on its con
tention that it speaks for liberated
Poland; that Mr. Mikolajczyk can
join the group, perhaps even as
.premier; but that the Lublin com
mittee will not Join the London
government.
The Lublin group wants the Pol
ish President shorn of his powers,
the 1935 constitution abandoned and
appointment of the Lublin com
mander in chief, Col. Gen. Rola
Zymierski, as head of Polish armed
forces.
Indication that Moscow has not
warmed toward the London Polish
government developed today when
the Moscow radio broadcast fresh
denunciation of the exiled group.
The criticism was contained in a
Moscow report of a mass meeting of
Polish youth at Lublin “a few days
ago” at which a captain of the Na
tional Liberation Committee’s Se
curity Corps charged capitulation in
Warsaw of Lt. Gen. Tadeusz Komo
rowski’s (Bor) home army was “pre
meditated treachery.”
Southern England Again Hit
By Plane-Launched Robots
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, Oct. rt:—Flying bombs
were launched over the North Sea
against Southern England and the
London area last night.
Again the familiar “damage and
casualties have been reported" ap
peared in the official announcement'.
One robot burst in the air, another
struck a tavern causing damage but
no casualties, and another crashed
in open ground, but its spreading
blast wrecked a number of houses
and caused casualties.
Three British fighter pilots
pounced on one robot after it passed
over an Bast Anglian town and, in a
simultaneous attack, brought it
down in open country.
L
New Assault Launched
By Yanks After Heavy
Raid on Bologna Area
300 Prisoners Captured
In Advancing to Within
10 Miles of Key City
By the Associated Press.
ROME, Oct. 13.—Heavy fight
ing flared up In the hills along
the Florence-Bologna road to
day after yesterday’s massive
air assault on Oerman positions
and Installations south of Bo
logna, key communications cen
ter of the Po Valley.
Allied headquarters said 5th Army
troops took more than 300 prisoners
in the new assault in the Central
Italian sector.
Aided by warm weather. Amer
ican forces pushed ahead and partly
flanked the town of Livergnano, 10
miles south of Bologna on Highway
65, the communique said.
Resistance Still Stiff.
The doughboys again encountered
stiff enemy resistance. In describ
ing the heavy fighting astride
Highway 65 the communique said
"no material advances have been
made.”
Foot troops reached the summit
of one hill only 9 miles southwest
of Castel San Pietro on the Bologna
Rimini road, while other forces cap
tured Mount Delle Formiche, 2'/}
miles east of Livergnano where the
fiercest fighting seems to have cen
tered.
Yesterday’s pulverizing raids by
American planes in their greatest
blow yet in the North Italian cam
paign were made in an attempt to
blast a pathway into the Po Valley
for 5th Army forces, which have
been virtually stalled south of
Bologna.
West of Highway 65, 5th Army
units pushed a mile beyond Mon
teramici, bare little village in the
hills overlooking a subsidiary road
to Bologna. On the west coast,
troops of the 92d American Infantry
Division clung to Mount Canala,
about 4 miles southwest of Massa,
western terminus of the Gothic
Line.
Eighth Army Advances.
Meanwhile, the 8th Army found
itself on firmer ground and ap
peared to be moving steadily for
ward everywhere except in the im
mediate Adriatic coastal sector,
where a succession of streams at
short intervals gave the Germans a
wide choice of defensive positions.
Eighth Army troops rolled the
Germans off another segment of
Highway 9—the Bologna-Rimini
road—penetrating to a point 3 miles
beyond Savignano and capturing
the villages of Balignano, Massa,
Badia and Montiano, south of the
road. The troops which took
Montiano were only 4% miles south
east of Cesena, another junction
point of Highway 9.
In the hills south of the highway
the Germans were putting in re
inforcements and heavy fighting
was in progress for the dominating
peaks. Italian patriots in the
mountains were continuing to harass
the Nazi troops.
Headquarters disclosed that three
heavy bombers and 17 other
planes were missing from yester
day’s aerial operations in the
Mediterranean sector, which in
cluded strafing of airfields and other
targets in Austria and Hungary.
Eighteen enemy planes were shot
down.
Bulgaria Completes
Withdrawal From Greece
Br the Associated Press.
LONDON, Oct. 13.—The Moscow
radio said today that withdrawal
of Bulgarian troops and adminis
trative officials from Greek territory,
begun on October 10, has been com
pleted in compliance with Allied
demands preliminary to armistice
negotiations.
There was no specific mention of
evacuation of Yugoslav territory—
another Allied stipulation.

Russian Tanks
Mass at Border
Of East Prussia
Other Forces Race
Across Hungary
Toward Austria
BULLETIN.
LONDON (j'P).—A German
radio report on the siege of
Riga, Latvian capital and
chief port, indicated tonight
that Russian troops had
broken into the eastern half
of the city.
By the Associated Press.
MOSCOW, Oct. 13.—Russian
tanks and infantry today
stormed the centuries-old Junk
ers lands of East Prussia, barely
9 miles northeast of the impor
tant city of Tilsit, while in Hun
gary the victorious Red Army
raced for the 160-mile-distant
Austrian frontier.
The East Prussian frontier was
cracked in the Memelland sector.
Hitler annexed this region from
Lithuania in 1939 thus recovering
territory which was held by Ger
many for hundreds of years before
the World War. •
(A Paris bA>adcast heard In
London by Reuters said "the
Russians are reported to have
crossed the East Prussian border
at three different points.”)
Great offensives against the
northern and southern extremity of
the Reich rolled back maimed Ger
man divisions.
Hungary’s admission of defeat
was expected hourly. Russian col
umns were converging on Budapest
along the main rail lines, approxi
mately 60 miles east of the capital
and reportedly less than that on the
south.. All major communications
between Hungary and Serbia were
reported in Russian hands.
No Natural Barriers.
No natural barriers stood in the
way of Marshal Rodion Y. Malinov
sky’s four-pronged drive on Buda
pest across the Hungarian plains.
Russian forces were less than 15
miles from the only Hungarian rail
lines, connecting Budapest with
Magyar troops at the Carpathian
passes in Ruthenia. The routed
German-Hungarian forces in North
1 em Transylvania were virtually cut
I off.
Southern Hungary was a race
track for Russian armor. The Hun
garians were reported resigned to
the immediate loss of Kecskemet
rich provincial city famed for its
peach brandy, situated 49 miles
southeast of Budapest.
Wilting Hungarian resistance all
along the invasion front seemed to
substantiate diplomatic hints that
the exhausted satellite nation was
about to quit Hitler. The mopup
of Hungary was counted on to pre
pare the springboard for the in
vasion of Austria as well as to as
sure the early liberation of the
Croatian and Slovenian areas of
Yugoslavia, and to pinch off the
Germans in Slovakia.
Austrians Urged to Prepare.
(Meanwhile, Turkish sources
said Berlin had urged Austrians
to dig for their lives in a frenzy
of frontier spadework npar
Vienna. The broadcast procla
mations appealed to the popula
tions to follow the example of
“the East Prussians and Rhine
landers,” and said that all able
bodied men and women in the
Vienna region were at or on their
way to the diggings after a mass
callup of age groups between 16
and 65.)
While the campaign in Hungary
took on the appearance of a push
over offensive, East Prussia and the
remainder of the German front of
the Baltic coast was a heavy slug
ging match all the way. Raging
’assaults carried the Russians with
in 5 miles of the eastern limits of
Riga and slashed into the siege de
fenses of Memel on the Baltic coast
line.
The East Prussian line cracked
beyond the frontier town of Sartin
inkai, 13 miles northeast of Tilsit.
itiver nnieias iiisit.
Punching south from Sartininkai,
the Russians faced the Niemen
River—a watery shield for Tilsit.
Russian troops driving on Tilsit
from Slavikai were confronted by
the big bend of the Szeszuppe River.
The Germans, again scraping re
serves from the rear bases in East
Prussia, were determined to wage
along the Szeszuppe the same fa
natical defense that held up Mar
shal Ivan Cherniakhovsky’s 3d
White Russian Army two months.
Nevertheless, attacks toward Tilsit
brought the Russians within 42
miles of Insterburg and 65 miles of
Konigsberg, East Prussian capital.
The Russians were reported fight
ing in the outskirts of Memel.
Despite hard rains and blownup
highways, the Russians advancing
through the Balkans captured two
prizes yesterday. These were Ora
dea, largest Romanian city then in
enemy hands, and Subotica, third
largest city of Yugoslavia.
Subotica, a rail center of 100,000,
lies near the Hungarian frontier 100
miles northwest of Belgrade and 35
miles southwest of captured Szegeb.
Oradea, in Transylvania and
claimed by Hungary as its sixth larg
est city, had been wrested from Ro
mania in Hitlsr's 1840 Vienna dic
tate.
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Clash Develops Over Proposal
To Send Teen-Age Clerks Home
Civil Service Official Calls Young Girls
''Essential to Victory'; Nolan Differs
Sharp disagreement over em
ployment of teen-age girls in the
Government was expressed to
: day, with a ranking Civil Serv
ice Commission official saying
i the girls are “essential to vic
tory,” while James A. Nolan, di
rector of the Washington Crim
inal Justice Association, con
tended no girl under 21 should
be In Washington on her own.
The civil service official asserted
that the suggestion that Govern
ment girls under 21 should be sent
hotne “does not take into account
that there is a war on.”
"Nobody says we ought to bring
the teen-age boys back from New
Caledonia,” the civil service spokes
man declared, “yet stories of
their deaths are carried in the
papers every day. The fact that
they see death, and face difficult
conditions is extremely regrettable,
yet every one realizes that if we are
to win this war, it is necessary.
"The same is true of young girls
in war jobs. More than half of the
civilian employes in Washington
work for the War and Navy De
partments and thousands of others
are in war jobs. They, too, are es
sential to victory. We Just have to
face the fact that this country is at
war, and therefore we have to call
on young people for jobs we would
not ask them to do in peacetime.”
Crime Wave Denied.
“Furthermore, he added, “it is not
Justifiable to generalize about a
situation because of one incident.
Deplorable as that incident may be,
It should not be used as an example
of what is typical. A member of the
Women’s Bureau of the Metropoli
; tan Police told me this morning that
i (See GOVERNMENT GIRLS, A-4.1
Ball Is Ahead of Time
On Security Queries,
Roosevelt Declares
Senator Seeks Answer
On Use of Arms Without
Approval of Congress
ROOSEVELT SAYS additional
campaign speeches are being con
sidered. Page A-2
By the Associated Press.
President Roosevelt said today
that Senator Ball, Republican,
of Minnesota is a little bit ahead
of time in asking if United States
representatives on a world se
curity cquncil could commit
military forces to action without
further congressional approval.
The President refused to discuss
it when a reporter asked him St his
news conference if his ideas fol
lowed those of the Senator.
Senator Ball, who recently said
he was withholding his support
from Gov. Dewey until the Re
publican nominee clarified further
his views on foreign policy, yester
day proposed this question to both
candidates:
“Should the vote of the United
States representatives on the United
Nations Security Council commit
an agreed-upon quota of our military
forces to action ordered by the
council to maintain peace without
requiring further congressional ap
proval?"
No Decision on "Higher" Talks.
Mr. Roosevelt said there had been
no decision yet on the "higher
level” conferences left over by the
Dumbarton Oaks conference to work
out final phases of the international
peace organization.
A reporter asked whether the
“higher level” meant the final ques
tions would be discussed by the top
officials of the governments or by
subordinates. The President replied
that this is a detail, and added that
we are progressing rapidly as pos
(See BALL, Page A-4.)
Today's Political
Broadcasts
9:55 pm.—WRC, Orson Welles,
speaking from New
York, in behalf of
the Democratic Na
tional Committee.
10:00 pm.—WMAL, Represents.
tlve Clare Boothe
Luce, Republican of
Connecticut, speak
ing from Chicago.
10:45 pm.—W R C, Darlington
H o o p e s, Socialist
vice presidential
candidate, repeat of
acceptance speech,
from Seattle. I
A
Both Parties Watch
Rise in New York's
Registration Figures
Dewey Signs Up to Vote
And Reviews Parade
On Fifth Avenue
By J. A. OXEARY,
Star Staff Correspondent.
ALBANY, N. Y., Oct. 13 — Dem
ocrats and Republicans alike are
waiting eagerly for the close of
voting registration in New York
this week end, to see whether
the unexpected increase record
ed in New York City during the
first three days continues.
Both sides are preparing to put up
a hard fight for the State's 47 elec
toral votes, and the final registration
totals in the Democratic strongholds
Registration Soars
To 1,974,846 for
Four-Day Total
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, Oct. 13.—New
York City registration today
totaled 1,974,846 after 536,366
signed registration books yes
terday.
The four-day total in 1940
was 1,924,846.
of the city will give Republicans
some idea of how largp a majority
Gov. Thomas E. Dewey would need
upstate to carry New York.
The Republican nominee and Mrs.
Dewey added their own names to
the registration books yesterday
afternoon at a booth in the office of
an automobile club on East 48th
street near the hotel where the
Deweys make their home in New
York City.
Dewey Reviews Parade.
Earlier in the day Gov. Dewey re
viewed a big Columbus Day parade
on Fifth avenue, in which thousands
of marchers took part. On the re
viewing stand the Republican nom
inee was surrounded by prominent
New Dealers, including Attorney
General Biddle, Senator Wagner of
New York and Senator Pepper of
Florida.
Gov. Dewey accepted for the Uni
versity of Michigan a bust of him
self sculptured by Donald E. Cur
ran.
J. K. Gould, president of the Uni
versity of Michigan Alumni Club of
New York City, told the candidate:
“Keep punching, Tom. That's the
kind of fighting that wins elections.”
Mr. Gould presented a bust of
Dewey which he said would be
placed on a suitable pedestal on the
Michigan campus, where Gov.
Dewey received his college degree.
Mr. Gould said he hoped the
Michigan alumni could help pro
vide the extra impetus which might
-llee PfWgg, i*age A-ib
WLB Labor Members
Will Take Pay Formula
Directly to Roosevelt
Will Recommend Upward
Revision Without Waiting
For Victory in Europe
By JOSEPH A. LOFTUS,
Associated Press Staff Writer
Labor members of the War La
bor Board are going directly to
President Roosevelt with recom
mendations that the “Little
Steel" formula be revised with
out delay to permit an upward
revision of wages.
This course was decided on yes
terday despite word from a principal
White Home adviser that the ad
ministration would not seek a
change in basic wage policy until
victory In Europe is clearly in sigh*
and production cut-backs relieve
some of the pressure for manpower.
R. J. Thomas, president of the
CIO United Automobile workers,
said the labor group was trying to
work out something on paper before
seeking a White House conference.
Recess Until Tuesday.
Meanwhile, public members of the
WLB began to draft a proposed
factual report to the President with
out recommendations. It was de
cided to recess discussions of the
issue of wages vs. living costs until
Tuesday when the public members
expect to have a first report pre
pared for the consideration of the
full board.
The decision to send the President
only a factual report was reached by
an 8-to-4 vote Wednesday with pub
lic and industry members forming
the majority and the labor members
the minority.
Although the WLB is now com
mitted to a report without recom
mendations, a broad field still re
mains for controversy over the prep
aration of that report.
Debate will center on the yard
sticks to be used in determining
whether living costs have outrun
wages and if so. how much. The
principals in the controversy cannot
agree on how much the cost of living
has increased.
Even more controversial is the
measurement of wages, that is,
whether the yardstick should be base
rates, straight time earnings which
include incentive payments and
merit increases, or gross earnings
which include income from a long
work week and overtime.
That the AFL and the CIO, losers
(See WAGES~Page A-4.)
Major Allied Landing
In Greece Expected
By the Associated Press.
ROME, Oct. 13.—Gen. Sir Henry
Maitland Wilson, supreme Allied
commander in the Mediterranean,
said in a broadcast today that "a
force under my command is about
to land in Greece” and that the
kingdom’s liberation was at hand.
Gen. Wilson’s broadcast Indicated
an Allied landing in force was im
minent, as contrasted to the rather
small forces employed in the Pelo
ponnesus.
Unofficial reports said the Greek
flag was flying over the Acropolis
in Athens and that the Athens radio
was in Allied hands.
(The Germans have evacuated
Athens and declared it an open
city, a Reuters dispatch to Lon
don from Cairo said today.)
Allied proclamations were broad
cast promising immediate aid. to the
Greeks. V
Gen. Wilson told the Greeks:
"Tour day of liberation is at hand.
For the second time in this war, a
force under my command is about
to land in Greece but, I am thankful
to say, under very different condi
tions.
"We come now to sweep away ah
traces of the Invader and, by use of
your ports and airfields, to harass
his retreat.”
Nimitz Reports
Island Was Hit
From End to End
U. S. Loses 22 Planes;
Attack Continuing,
Japanese Declare
(Map on Page A-16.)
By the Associated Press.
PACIFIC FLEET HEADQUAR
TERS, Pearl Harbor, Oct. 13—
Powerful American carrier forces
destroyed 221 Japanese planes,
sank 16 ships and damaged 19
at Formosa in the fourth suc
cessive powerhouse blow at
Japan’s inner defense line. Ad
miral Chester W. Nimitz an
nounced today.
American losses were 22 planes
and there was no damage to surface
ships.
This was the first confirmation of
Tokyo radio reports that 1.000 planes
had raided the island blockading
the approach to the China coast.
The mighty strike Wednesday
fUnited States time) only 575 miles
south of Japan proper climaxed a
series of attacks on the Philippines.
Formosa, the Ryukyus and Marcus
within four davs.
Luzon Attacked.
Admiral Nimitz announced last
night that “a large force of carrier
aircraft” pounced on Luzon in the
Philippines Tuesday. He did not
identify the targets, but his refer
ence to attacks on "enemy airbases”
might be taken to mean the Manila
area, twice hit in September, again
was the target.
• Tokyo radio reported the
American attacks were carried
into the fifth day when carrier
planes returned to Formosa
Thursday, United States time.)
Without identifying the harbors
where Admiral Marc A. Mitscher's
carrier planes, discovered Japanese
shipping. Admiral Nimitz reported
this score in Wednesday's Formosa
attack:
Ships sunk :
Two large cargo; 2 medium car
go; 12 small cargo.
Ships damaged:
Two large cargo; 7 medium cargo;
10 small cargo.
Jap Warship* Absent.
Once again Admiral William F.
Halsey, jr.'s, mighty 3d Fleet failed
to find any Japanese warships will
ing to resist his bold thrust inside
the enemy's long planned inner de
fense perimeter.
Of the Japanese airplanes de
stroyed, 124 were shot out of the
air and 97 finished off on the ground.
The loss of 221 airplanes was a
severe blow to Japanese defenses
but comparative smallness of the
number once again emphasizes how
i pinched the enemy apparently is
for airpower.
Formosa is one of the largest
islands on the Pacific, 249 miles from
north to south and ranging to 93
miles wide. Strong defense would
dictate that thousands of airplanes
be based there. However, the fact
that only 22 American aircraft were
downed is the strongest possible
evidence that the enemy could have
sent comparatively few more inter
ceptors than Admiral Mitscher's
pilots destroyed.
Bombed From End to End.
American airmen bombed and
strafed Formosa from end to end.
Admiral Nimitz reported they did
“extensive damage to hangars, build
ings, oil dumps, warehouses, docks
and industrial establishments at
Einansho. Okayama, Tamsui, Heito,
Reigaryo and Taichu.”
The ships may have been found
in Tamsui harbor on the north or
at Heito near the southern tip. The
raiders apparently worked down the
western side of the island only about
100 miles from the China coast.
They struck the most important rail
centers on Western Formosa, con
centrating on the southwestern sec
tion where Einansho. Okayama,
Heito and Reigaryo lie within a
semicircle 25 miles in diameter.
Never before has so much power
been unleashed in such a brief period
against Japan.
Expanding this offensive picture, a
bomber armada completely knocked
out plants supplying the enemy war
machine with aviation gasoline and
oil at Balikpapan on Borneo and
American invaders of the Palaus
swept on to their 12th island in the
south end of those stepping stones to
the Philippines.
rour-uay unensive.
The four-day offensive read like
this:
Sunday. October 8.—Marcus Is
jland, 1.135 miles southeast of Tokyo,
methodically shelled all day by guns
of warships, including the 16-inch
guns of battleships. Defenses of the
vital outpost were pulverised.
Monday, October 9.—The Kyukyus,
swept from end to end, including
Amamlwofhima, 200 miles south of
Japan, by hundreds of carrier-based
planes in an eight-hour assault dur
ing which 58 enemy surface craft
were sunk or damaged and 89 planes
destroyed.
Tuesday, October 10—Luzon at
tacked. Last night’s communique
said, "Detailed reports of the dam
age inflicted are not yet available.”
Wednesday, October 11 — Heavily
fortified Formosa raided by planes
which ripped its railway network
and ports. Japan said the attack
continued for more than eight hours.
(In a Tokyo broadcast last
night by the Federal Communi
cations Commission, the uncon
firmed Japanese claim was made
that their planes in defending
Formosa had "cornered" and
sunk one American carrier, pos
sibly sunk a second. A previous
claim, also unconfirmed, was
made that at least 100 of the at
tacking planes were shot down.)
Gen. Douglas MacArthur an
(Bee PACIFIC, Page A-16.) '

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