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Library of Congress
To Open Exhibition of Once-Banned Books The Library of Congress “Free dom of the Press Week” exhibit of books once banned in the United States will include volumes by Shakespeare, Voltaire, Elizabeth Barrett Browning, Mark Twain and John Steinbeck, Librarian Archibald MacLeish announced yesterday. • "Freedom of the Press Week" is be ing observed by libraries throughout the country starting today. The volumes by the authors named above are the “Merchant of Venice,” "Candlde,” “Aurora Leigh,” “Tom Sawyer” and “Grapes of Wrath.” Shakespeare's play was once banned in Buffalo <N. Y.) high schools. The New York Customs banned Voltaire’s "Candide” as “obscene,” while Bos ton declared Mrs. Browning's “Av rora Leigh” was “the hysterical in decencies of a disordered mind.” Mark Twain’s “Tom Sawyer” was excluded from the Brooklyn Public Library’s children’s room, and Stein beck’s "Grapes of Wrath” was burned by the East St. Louis Library Board in 1939. Carl Vitz, president of the Amer ican Library Association, said in the announcement that the week Is being observed so libraries may assert “the absolute right of. the Individual to read anything of pub lic value and interest so long as na tional security is not endangered.” While the Library of Congress will devote the week to books banned in the United States, other libraries are expected to exhibit works banned by Nazism and other tyrannical systems abroad. The lo cal exhibit will display books advo cating freedom in the selection of reading material and works attempt ing to suppress that right. The world’s oldest illustrated primer, arranged in verse form with pictures representing each written character, is one of the rare Chinese books now on exhibit in the Rare Book Room of the Library. The primer, more than 100 years older than the first Western illus trated primer published in 1858, will be on display with other Chinese items until January 1, Mr. Mac Leish said. These literary treasures, the librarian said, were available prior to 1935 only to visitors to the palace libraries in Peiping. Many of them are 400 or 500 years older than the Gutenberg Bible, printed In the middle 15th century. Living Costs (Continued From First Page.) above the level of January, 1941, as alleged in the Meany-Thomas re port; that it had increased 23 per cent as shown by the direct pricing methods of the Bureau of Labor Statistics, and that there had been an additional hidden increase of not more than 3 or 4 per cent, more than half of which is due to quality deterioration not directly measurable but painstakingly estimated by the Mitchell Committee, and practically all of which results from the dis advantage of the buyer in a seller's market. This disadvantage can be expected to disappear as soon as we can resume full production'of con sumer goods and services in a com petitive market.” Asserting finally that "the accu racy of the Bureau of Labor Statis tics index figures for what *hey are intended to measure is confirmed” by its studies, the majority said the bureau index for last September shows costs up 25.4 per cent over January. 1941. "Hidden Increases” Included. To this figure,. continued, should be added the Mitchell estimate of three or four points for "hidden increases,” and one-half of a per centage point more if the index is to be used to represent changes in the cost of living of urban workers in small as well as large cities. "The final figure in the overall in crease in the cost of living from January, 1941, to September, 1944, would thus be found to be 29 to 30 per cent,” the report concluded. In his dissent attacking the bureau index, Mr. Thomas said, that it is inadequate because it fails to take into account "forced changes in the manner of living,” along with the consideration of unit prices. Ampli fying, he said that war workers have gone into congested centers where "prices have been abnormally high,” Some have had to maintain homes in two places, he continued, and wives of servicemen, taking jobs, have in curred greater expenditures for child care, laundry service and meals away from home. x Thomas Explains Dissent. Addressing the President directly, he said: “The 44 per cent rise in total liv ing costs has imposed a 30 per cent sales tax on American workers, and the 29-30 per cent rise in retail prices which Mr. Davis reports has Imposed at least a 15 per cent sales tax upon American workers.” The Meany dissent substantially repeated this argument, and citing wages in building and printing trades, bakeries, trucking and street railways, said that "the peacetime living standard * * * has been seri ously cut away.” In their report, concurring with laatitatlaaal Iramtaiaat rat aalt aar eral data b reaalrad ta ellaalnata tha arattac and daatre and alaa ta eraata an atartiaa ta Aleafial la aU Ita fanaa. i [ Wrttt or aaU for free booklet asw sem *?ir53Ki Greanhill InsHtvte 3145 16»h St. N.W. Phono Doy or Nifhf—CO. 4754 YOUR POST-WAR NEARIRO AID <3 ■AICO haariat aid b •aaaMt at aara weabe adjaabaaat ta la dMteal noOiaab thaa arat batata hdemtba akaat tha aaw --, ,j u< ■Alco a aMthad ad tadbtdaal haartac aaabeb b arena kb atthaat aMiiaUaa. MAICO of Wmhinaton irth A >ta Ob. a w. ^’iIa. i A STAR CARRIERS HONORED—Galt Burns, circulation director of The Star (right), presents Certificates of Merit to a group of carrier boys for “a year of perfect service." At left is W. G. Linberg, Star distributor; others, front row, left to right: Lawrence Collison, Raymond Mys selman, Fred Everrett, Cecil Campbell and Donald de Laski, who is receiving his certificate. Back row, left to right: Edgar de Laski, Fred White, William Marks' and Lldyd Mitchell. Cere mony was in The Star Building. —Star Staff Photo. i Mr. Davis, the two industry mem bers—Horace B. Horton, treasurer of the Chicago Bridge & Iron Co., and George K. Batt, vice president, Dugan Bros.—held thati where crit icisms of the bureau’s index “have had merit, their quantitative signifi cance has been grossly exaggerated in the two labor reports because of the use of faulty techniques and the generalization of scattered illus trations.’’ In the meantime, as the commit tee report was made public, the board was getting into the last stages of a factual report to go to President Roosevelt covering the de mands of both CIO and AFL for modification of the "Little Steel" formula. It was not thought, how ever, that the report would be ready for at least a week. Evtrpikiai lor Tin PET FOODS—TOYS TROPICAL FISH SCHMID'S, Inc. Will. OMM Unw PH UN 712 12th St. N.W. MEt. 7113 I Program of Music And Drama Planned A music and drama festival, fea turing Government personnel, will be presented at 8:20 pm. Tuesday in the social security auditorium, Third street and Independence ave nue S.W., under the sponsorship of The Star’s Washington Welcomes You Project. The War Production Board Sym phony Orchestra, with Van Lier Lanhing directing, win play. “The Footlighters,” dramatic club for Government employes, will give sev eral skits. Songs will be furnished by the Agriculture Choral Guild mixed quartet and solos by Charles Whitten, tenor, a member of the Coast and Geodetic Survey staff. Admission is free to the public program. Further Information may be obtained by calling Republic 6819. Clerk Held in Theft George H. Fleming, 29, of the 1700 blobk of B street 8.E., a clerk In the post exchange at Bolling Field was held for the grand Jury yester day by United States Commissioner Needham C. Tumage In the theft of goods valued at $1,800 from the exchange. Bond was fixed at $1,000, 1 Buy WAR STAMPS and STAMP Out the Axis OIL1 UN AN ACCOUNT f\ 3-PC. 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