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'On the Other Hand’
Reports of Mass Slayings of Jews In Poland Checked for Accuracy By Lowell Mellett. Tlie War Refugee Board, com posed of the Secretaries of State, War and Treasury, made public Iasi Sunday a report on the mass ex termination by the Germans of Jewish men, women and chil dren in prison camps at Birke nau and Ausch witz. in South western Poland. As compared with the 1,500,000 persons declared by the Russian government to have been killed in three years at Lublin, this report estimates i-*w»n Metiett. the number murdered at Birkenau j between April, 1942, and April, 1944. at 1,765,000. The horror of this story Is so great that our minds instinctively recoil, j We don't want to believe. We don’t want to think such things can hap pen. We remember, too, that many atrocity tales told during the last war turned out to be untrue. We don’t want to be misled again. Sharing this feeling to some ex tent. despite all the evidence In its hands of a deliberate German pol icy of extermination, the War Ref ugee Board hesitated a long time before making the document public, j The substance of tire present in formation was received by cable in ! July. The full text came by mail; more than a month ago. The decision to give the informa tion to the American people resulted lit part from the fact that it was sponsored by a special assistant to the American Minister to Switzer land, Roswell D. McClelland. Mr. McClelland, a Philadelphian, has been engaged in relief and rescue work in Europe for several years for the American Society of Friends. The document contains two reports, one made by two young Slovak Jews and one by a Polish major, j The reports were made independ ently and without consultation be tween their authors. Both were de-j livered into Mr. McClelland's hands by the representative of the Czech government in Geneva, to whom they had come through underground channels. Information Checked. “While it is of course impossible to directly vouch for their com plete authenticity. I have every! reason to believe that they are. un- ! fortunately, a true picture of the frightful happenings in these camps," Mr. McClelland wrote to the board. In connection with the report of the Slovaks, Mr. McClelland said he had talked with a member of the Bratislava Papal Nunciature, who had personally interviewed the young men and who declared the impression they created in telling their story was thoroughly con vincing. The young men were closely cross-examined, he said, and the material that finally went into their report included only that about which there was no uncertainty in their minds or in the minds of their -examiners. The Czechoslovakian representa tive vouched for the reliability of the Polish major and for the authen-t ticity of his report. Mr. McClelland I himself corrected the translation from German into English. The figures concerning the num-: hers of men and women admitted to the two camps cannot be taken; as mathematically exact, the au thors themselves saying they are no more than reliable approxima- j tions. But, in the opinion of Mr.1 McClelland, a precise statistical record “would not detract in any! appreciable degree from the value; of these reports." Reports Convincing. Mr. McClelland checked informa tion in the reports concerning the; dates and points of origin of con- ; voys of Jews arriving at the camps.! with information possessed by re-! liable Jewish and non-Jewish organ- ! izations in Switzerland regarding the departure of such convoys from various European countries. Some of the information he was able to check by his own experience. He was in Southern France in August and September of 1942 and witnessed the deportation of large convoys of foreign Jews from four different in ternment camps, obtaining consider able first-hand information concern ing their numbers and the dates of their departures. The reports themselves seem com-1 pletely convincing to any one who reads them. The mass of detail; given is calculated to overcome any doubts. A limited number of copies! of the 60-page report has beeni •mimeographed and may be obtained! by writing to the War Refugee Board in Washington. The purpose in making the report Families of Casualties Given Details in Letters By ihe Associated Press. PARIS, Dec. 2.—^jetters of con dolence from commanding officers to families of casualties—giving details of the soldier’s death, in jury or capture—are now a manda tory Army practice. Col. H. M JRund, chief of the Casualty Divi sion of the European Theater ef! Operations, said last night. Col. Rund reported that initial casualty notifications now are! reaching families within 15 days of the time the information leaves the front. Detailed reports from1 the unit to the family are supposed1 to follow as soon as the informa-j t-lon is available although battle conditions naturally bring unavoid- 1 able delays. -- ——— | public is to give the American people 'some understanding of the serious I nature of the refugee problem and | to enlist support for the board's efforts to relieve a diabolical situa tion. A further purpose will be served if the report helps drive home the necessity to organize the world against aggressive warfare. Answers to Questions A reader can set the answer to any question of fact by writing The Eve ning Star Information Bureau, SIS I street N.E.. Washington 2, D. C. Pleas* inclose 3 cents for return postage. Bv THE HASKIN SERVICE. Q. If a man volunteers for aerial gunnery training and air crewman training and signs a slip to that effect, mav he change his status?— C. C. H. A. The Navy Department says that a man's signing a statement that he volunteers for air crewman training is not a contract. He may. therefore, change his volunteer status. Q What are the qualifications for the Expeqt Infantryman Badge? —E. W. B. A. A soldier must meet the fol lowing requirements: attain the standards of proficiency established by the War Department; satisfac-! torily perform duty in action against j the enemy. Q. What were the lowest prices on wt eat and corn on the Chicago, i market in the last 50 years?— j H E. R. A. The lowest price paid for wheat was 44’- cents per bushel in De cember, 1932. The low est price on corn was in September, 1896, 19’* cents per bushel. These figures are from the Chicago Board of Trade Annal and are cash prices for con tract grades. Q Is a naval reservist eligible for transfer to the Marine Corps Re serve?—I. T W. A. Although there is no provision of law providing for such a transfer, it is the present practice of the; Bureau of Personnel of the Navy toj grant discharge of enlisted person-! nel of the regular Navy and Naval Reserve for the purpose of accept- j ing commissions in other branches of the armed forces. <5 Which came first. Martin j Luther's translation of the Bible or the King James Version?—E. L. H A. Martin Luther translated the Bible into German, completing the work between the years 1521 and 1534 with some assistance from' Melanchthon and other friends. The' Authorized or King James' Version of the Bible is a revision begun in 1604 and published in 1611. Q Where should the wife of a soldier apply for maternity care?—i E. E. A She should apply to the local or State Public Health Service She! may also write to the Children* Bureau. Department of Labor. Washington, D C. Q Is the mother of a deceased veteran entitled to a part of his estate even if he has a wife?—T. Y.! A. If the veteran, in question left a will providing that his estate would go to his wife, she is entitled to it. If he left no will, his estate would be divided according to the State laws of descent and distribu tion, in which case his mother might receive a certain amount, depending upon the State. law. London Times Says Franco Faces Possible Revolt By the Associated Press. LONDON. Dec. 2.—The London Times, calling Generalissimo Fran-; cisco Franco's Spanish regime “in-! creasingly insecure,” said today there j is a danger that when a change i comes it will "take the form of a catastrophic upheaval which may well result in civil war." "Many Spaniards look to Britain as a companion of liberty and tolerance and as an exponent of well-tried methods of compromise; and peaceful change,” the Times! said. “That fact no doubt imposes | on this country special responsibility, j but it establishes no kind of Britishj interest in the survival of a regime which has consistently emulated our enemies and spares no demonstra-; tion short of actual war of its sym pathy with them.” FORD *•'«! BRAKES RELINED &f A 7R clift's;::!,;.Ia' Linings Guaranteed iO.Oftt) Mtlct and Free Adjustments Duplicate D C Testing Machine 2002 K St N W ME. 0232 I 1 Where you bank can make a difference Here, at The Second National, you’ll be in good company—a member of our growing family of depositors—enjoying not only the facilities of this I progressive Bank; but benefiting through that famous “Friendly Service, rendered with a smile.” Two conveniently located Banking Offices at your service. Lets put this 6th War Bond over the top with a bang. It will be done if we ll ALL buy that EXTRA Bond. The Second National Bank OF MixeillilllTQM 1333 G St. N.W. 509 Seventh St. N.W. Organized 1H72 f Member Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation ==sa=aaM , Sec the six G-Street War Bond Windows, then resolve to buy more War Bonds at once. Victory Booth. First Floor: jip • All Berrire %oks (eveept First Floor).