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— .- - Guide for Readers 1 race. Amusements B-tfl Churches-A-7-1# Comics.B-8-# Editorials -A-« Editorial Arties A-7 Lost and Found A-S **a«e. Obituary .A-ll Radio ..B-t Real Batate~_B-l-l Society ..B-S Sports_B-4 Where to Go-.-A-l* An AMoclofd Pre« Nc^wpopf 92d YEAR, No. 36,746. WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, DECEMBER 9, 1944—TWENTY PAGES. ★★ City Bom* Delivery. Daily and Sunday r pfT’VTQ 90e a Month. When t Sunday*. *1.00. ® V-'Xixv X O. 3d Army Fights House-to-House In Sarreguemines and Attacks Eight Steel Towns in Saar Valley Field Guns Batter Provincial Capital At Close Range BULLETIN. PARIS W. — The United States 3d Army stabbed half mile to a mile deeper beyond the Saar today while at su preme headquarters it was es timated the Germans lost 152,000 men in the first three weeks of the winter offensive. Of the total, 84,000 have been taken prisoner and the rest killed or permanently put out of action. (Map on Page A-3.) P* the Associated Press. PARIS, Dec. 9.—United States 3d Army troops fought house-to house in the eastern part of Sar reguemines today after a new forcing of the Saar. The 3d Army was beating against eight Saar Valley steel towns smouldering from fighter-bomber attacks, and field guns ripped the provincial capital city of Saar brucken. Americans were within a couple of miles of Saarbrucken, but supreme headquarters had no confirmation of reports that the city's outskirts had been reached. Above Saarlautern their comrades repulsed a strong German counter attack and then seized 12 more pill boxes in the Siegfried Line. Alsatian Stand Cracking. Farther south the Nazis’ last Alsatian stand was cracking up and dive bombers gouged at the Neuf Brisach escape bridge over the Rhine near Colmar. On the northern flank of the long Allied front, both sides maintained thunderous artillery fire, but a rel ative lull in ground activity sug gested the American 1st and 9th Armies were gathering strength to smash the last German hopes of holding along the flooded Roer Riv er before Cologne. (The German high command communique indicated the whole western bank of the Roer River at Julich had been surrendered at last, declaring that the bridge head garrisons there “battled their way back to the eastern bank of the Roer after repulsing grim enemy attacks.'’ The Al lied communique had reported only two small pockets remain ing west of the river near Ju lich.) The 35lh Infantry carved out the new crossings of the Saar, and today was fighting through the streets of Sarreguemines, 8 miles southeast of Saarbrucken, and extending a bridgehead below the city to a mile. Sarreinsming on the east bank just southeast of Sarreguemines was captured. Meeting Stout Opposition. The 26th Division edging north ward along the east bank of the Saar had almost joined the 35th, j but also was meeting stout opposi tion. It reduced five pillboxes, pre sumably part of the old Maginot defenses. The Germans in Dillingen. 3 miles northwest of Saarlautern, counter attacked with 600 infantrymen and 11 tanks, but were knocked back by: the 90th Infantry Division. The enemy quit the town after a close- i quarter battle. The wedge into the Siegfried Line was not appreciably deepened, how-! ever, in the face of such stubborn! resistance. Germans forming up for an as- j sault on the 95th Division near; Saarlautern were scattered by ar-; tillery. German guns from Siegfried ; positions continued to hammer at i the 90th and 95th Divisions. The United States 7th Army had driven within 4’2 miles of the Ger-j man border, prying loose the last. German hold on Northeastern Lor- j raine, and was making progress i against stiffening Nazi resistance. Closes lTp to Rhine. The 7th gouged deeper into the heavily-wooded Eifel Pass just south of the fortress town of Bitche, and One additional man from the District area has been reported killed in this war. See "On the Hgnor Roll,” page A-2. (See WESTERN FRONT. Page A-3.) Chiang May Accept 'Reds' in Regime By the Associated Press. CHUNGKING, Dec. 9 —Generalis simo Chiang Kai-shek has agreed in principle to the participation of the Communists in the national govern ment and in the direction of China’s military affairs, it was authorita tively reported today. This agreement, following recent government changes — particularly the appointment of Foreign Minister! T. V. Soong to the additional post of Acting Premier—is the most impor- I tant development which could have I occurred in the present critical phase | of Chinese history. The Communists, it is believed, if properly equipped, would be able to launch successful diversionary of fensives in North China. It was expected here that Gen. Chou En-lai, Communist delegate, who recently returned to Yenan from Chungking, would be back shortly for implementation of any conclusive understanding that may be reached. The Communists originally sought a formal agreement for the estab lishment of a coalition government and joint direction of the Chinese armies. ♦ * New American Raids on Tokyo And Coast Reported by Japs Kure Naval Base on Inland Sea Possible Target in 'War of Nerves' i Bj the Associated Press. American planes raided Tokyo and the Inland Sea area today (Japanese time), the Japanese radio announced. The Japanese reported one B-29 j flew over the capital and “dropped' ! a few incendiaries." Later two other! B-29s appeared separately and flew over Tokyb. one of them for “about an hour * * * without dropping one bomb." the broadcast, recorded by the Federal Communications Com mission, said. The second sortie over the Japa nese capital was followed an hour later by an hour-long raid "on the Seto Naikai 'Japanese desig nation for the Inland Sea) costal area.” There was no indication by Tokyo on how many planes were involved in the Seto Naikai action. The Japanese made no report of damage at either Tokyo or Seto Naikai. The Inland Sea lies between the home Japanese islands of Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu and the strong Kure naval base lies on the Inland Sea. It may have been the target of the bombers. The broadcast did not say B-29s were involved in the Seto Naikai raid. Said Tokyo: "That the enemy is making raids in this way with a very small number of planes, night and day, is indicative of the fact that they are aimed at a war of nerves.” Heavy Bombing Reduces Iwo Jima's Threat UNITED STATES PACIFIC FLEET HEADQUARTERS. PEARL HARBOR. Dec. 9 (/Pi.—Iwo Jima's threat to the American Super Fort ress base at Saipan was consider ably diminished today after a horough co-ordinated pounding by _<See B-29s. Page A-5.) I Yank Forces Converge From 3 Directions on Japs Holding Ormoc Troops Landed on Coast Meet Stiff Resistance In Outskirts of Port 1 By the Associated Press. GEN. MacARTHUR’S HEAD QUARTERS. Philippines. Dec. 9. —Storming the outskirts of the port city of Ormoc, the recently landed United States 77th Di vision broadened the coastal | center of two mantraps on West : Leyte today and a frontline dis patch told of bewildei^d Japa | nese fleeing in disregard of orders to stand or die. In the main, however, there was bitter Japanese resistance. Lt. Gen. Walter Krueger's 6th Army, going all-out to wind up the central Philippines campaign, was on the move in all sectors, converg ing from all three directions on Ormoc. Vigilant naval patrols were main tained in the Camotes Sea in an effort to choke off the last trickle of enemy shipments to that gravely menaced reinforcement base. To day’s communique disclosed thie pa trols sank six fully loaded small ves sels and set a seventh ablaze. Transport Is Sunk. Far out over the Philippines from Luzon to Mindanao, Army, marine and Navy planes hunted down other enemy ships, sinking a 9,000-ton transport and destroying or damag ing 14 smail freighters in operations just reported. The 77th, veterans of Guam, pow ered their way north for 2 miles from the point of Thursday’s am phibious landing to seize the former United States Army base of Camp Downs on the edge of Ormoc. This advance was scored yesterday—third anniversary of the first enemy blow struck at the Philippines. Five miles south of the 77th’s beachhead, the northbound 7th Di vision swept beyond Palanas to seize Balogo and inland high ground north of the Tabgas River. Atop a hill.in the 7th’s sector, A1 Dop king, Associated Press war corre spondent. saw trapped Japanese run first toward the 77th's beachhead, recoil under fire back toward the 7th, which also blasted them and sent many scurrying into wild moun tain country. Mountain Pass Taken. But not far away to the north east. other Yanks scaling those hog Dacks from conquered East Leyte were disclosed to be within 6 miles of the west coast after capturing the mountain pass at Mahonag. That pass is 10 miles due west of Burauen near where American ground forces still are probing the wilds for any survivors of the 200 Japanese paratroopers dropped be hind the lines Wednesday for sabo tage purposes. In addition to the tight squeeze being clamped on the south end of Lt. Gen. Tomoyuki Yamashita's sev ered defense line, a larger trap north of Ormoc was narrowed. The 32d Division, moving south from Carigara Bay, wiped out by passed enemy pockets, then inched forward down the rugged corridor beyond the Leyte River which forks below JLimon. The Japanese resist < See PHILIPPINES~ Page A-2.1 Hungarian Regipie Flees From Capital Nazi Agency Says Vac, Vital Danube Town, Northeast of Budapest, Reported Taken by Reds BULLETINS. LONDON MP).—Premier Sta lin announced tonight that the Russian Army had broken through German defenses northeast of Budapest on a 75-mile front and reached the Danube north of the Hunga rian capital. LONDON <JP).—The German 1 Transocean news agency said today the Hungarian govern ment had fled from Budapest to Sopron, on the Austrian ; border. By the Associated Press. LONDON, Dec. 9.—The Berlin i radio said today the Germans ihave lost the town of Vac. 15 miles northeast of Budapest on the Danube, after hard fighting. Asserting the Russians had thrown in fresh reinforcements in the battle ; for Budapest, Transocean said Ger ■ man lines “had to be taken back several miles east of the capital.” “From their penetration north of Budapest,” hte news agency said, “the Soviets increased their pres sure southward on Budapest, at the same time attacking toward the north.” The broadcast said the Russians were not attempting to cross the Danube at Vac, but had turned south. Previously Berlin had announced that the Russians, slashing westward from captured Hatvan, had cap tured the railroad town of Aszod, 15 miles northeast of Budapest, and were threatening Vac. Capture of Vac seals off Buda pest from the north. The town stands on the big end of the Danube! 'See RUSSIA, Page A-2.) Patton Gets Third DSM; Hodges Also Rewarded Lt. Gen. George S. Patton, jr.. and Lt. Gen. Courtney H. Hodges, have been awarded Oak Leaf Clusters to the Distinguished Service Medal, the War Department announced today. It was the third DSM for Gen. Patton, colorful leader of the 3d Army. He received his first in the World War and was awarded an Oak Leaf Cluster in 1942 for his African exploits. Both generals are now leading assaults on the Siegfried Line in Germany. Gen. Patton was cited for the “boldness" of the sweep of his armored forces from Normandy across Prance, August 1 to Septem ber 14. Gen. Hodges commanded the 1st Army in a spectacular drive across Prance to the Seine River and then to Holland, Belgium, Luxembourg and the German border, from June 6 to September 14. British Labor Party Planning Showdown on Backing Churchill «y tre Associated Press. LONDON, Dec. 9.—A showdown brewed today in the minority Labor party as an aftermath of the 279-30 vote of confidence by the House of Commons in Prime Minister Churchill’s policy in the liberated countries. In the balloting yesterday Mr. Churchill won solid support from his own Conservative party and from Laborites serving in the coali tion government as ministers or parliamentary private secretaries, but only one Laborite rank and file member voted for the government. This vote was cast by Ivor Thomas. Laborites in the government may demand a vote of confidence from their own party, which is opening a conference Monday. A resolution » r was being drafted for the confer ence outlining the party’s attitude toward liberated countries. Probe To Be Sought. One bloc was known to be draft ing a new demand that the govern ment send a representative to Ath ens immediately to make a special investigation of the Greek crisis for the House. A report was heard in the Com mons lobby that Richard Law, Min ister of State, would be sent to Grteece to try to straighten out the political situation. Most of the Labor members of Parliament refrained from voting yesterday, hesitant about committing themselves to the British policy, yet reluctant to create a government crisis. Among those who refrained (See CHURCHILL, Page A-2.) 3? Riff Reported Among Greek Rebel Leaders British Clear Leftists From Fifth of Athens By the Associated Press. ATHENS. Dec. 9.—A rift de veloped today among leaders of the seven-party EAM coalition as the British announced that one-fifth of Athens had been cleared of armed bands. Gen. Stephanos Serafis. command er in chief of the ELAS. was reported to have assured Maj. Gen. R M. Scobie, head of British and Allied troops in Greece, that he was remaining under the latter's com mand. Former Transport Minister Ask outsis. one of six leftists who re signed in the dispute over dis armament of the EAM's military formations, from the cabinet of Pre mier George Papandreou, said in an interview that he. former Finance Minister Svolos and Finance Under secretary Anghelopoulos “never be longed to the EAM.” They pre viously had been identified with the right wing of the EAM. EAM Split Reported. The liberal section of the EAM. headed by former National Economy Minister Elias Tsirimokos, also was reported to be breaking away. “Our role.” said Askoutsis, "has been one of reconciliation and com promise. However, since Greek af fairs have been complicated and wound up in civil war we have stated to both sides we cannot take part in a strife the results of which would be disastrous to the country. We now are striving as mediators with a view of finding some pos sible means of negotiations.” Although about 20 per cent of the city was cleared of ELAS bands, heavy new concentrations of leftist militia were reported north of the capital after a march from the provinces. Red “Cells” Still Active. The ELAS within the city were reported to consist of about 250 death or glory” members of inner Communist cells. There are about 25 of these cells, each with its own headquarters, scattered over the capital and suburbs. These die-hards were still sniping In the uncleared sections of the city, often at extreme range. Gen. Scobie was reported to have demanded that ELAS troops quit the Attica Peninsula, on which Athens and Piraeus are situated, as a prelude to any negotiations. The Left Ministers, however, ap parently have refused to or dare not, accept Gen. Scobie’s demand. Re peated attempts by the Archbishop of Athens to mediate the dispute have met with no success. Hospitals Get Milk. A one-hour truce was observed j this morning to allow' Red Cross' trucks to distribute milk and med-j leal supplies to hospitals. Life in the freed sections of Athens gradually was returning to normal. A serious food shortage has developed, however, and prices are fantastic. One of the fiercest battles was fought in the market place in the center of town where the ELAS. barricaded in buildings and shops held out until last night. It was only after tanks opened fire and a few shops and buildings were dam aged tl at the defenders surrend ered. While there were large concen trations of Leftists outside of Ath ens, the British found little open hostility among many of the Leftist groups. The British military mis sion with the ELAS at Lamai con tinued to function with “normal re lations,” the British said. Two British trucks drove 150 miles from Salonika to Athens without opposition, although thev passed numerous ELAS strongholds. Rebels Unorganized. Prisoners thus far taken by the British seem to be unorganized, not even knowing their brigade end bat talion commanders. The British had not supplied arms to the ELAS since April, 1943, but had replaced their ammunition on a small scale. ELAS in the <See GREECETPage A-2.) ' Hercules Powder Plant Is Shaken by Blast By the Associated Press. OAKLAND, Calif., Dec. 9.—An explosion in the Hercules Powder plant at Hercules, north of here, today shook buildings for miles around and was felt as far south as this city. Details were not im mediately available. An employe of the powder plant said it appeared the main field magazine had exploded, but that he had no word of any fatalities so far. Many workers in the plant’s of fice buildings were cut by flying glass from windows and a call was sent for ambulances. At the vard gate, a guard told newsmen he had heard that two men on duty near the magazine were killed. Effect of the explosion was felt across the wide northen part of San Francisco Bay, where houses were jolted. Windows were broken at Mare Island Navy Yard, about 10 miles from the plant. Y lb FIND THAT / » ATLANTIC CHARTER , ANY PLACE'....HAVE YOU | /'apf you sil 31. ANY IDEA WHERE Jr A<;JING MF p k ___ T £2 / M Voluntary Methods Urged in Meeting Manpower Shortage Propaganda Flood Opens As Army Calls for Needed Winter Equipment By the Associated Pres*. The full force of propaganda was set in motion today to com bat manpower shortages as new calls came from the Army for vitally needed winter equipment. Chairman Mead of the Senate War Investigating Committee told reporters that voluntary methods, including appeals to public patriot ism, will meet current needs for war workers. Clothing and blankets were added, meanwhile, to a list of war materials needed as quickly as possible. War Production Board sources revealed that a big increase in heavy over coats, battle) jackets, uniforms, heavy trousers and blankets is sought promptly by the Army. Will Report on Wasteage. Saying he based his belief on testimony of Army Service Forces, WPB and manpower officials, Sen-; ator Mead declared: "A closer co-ordination of Army! and Navy procurement, a more' efficient utilization of workers al ready in plants and Nation-wide re cruiting by organized labor will pro cure the men and women needed.” Senator Mead said his committee will issue a report soon on Army and Navy surplus property accumu lations which will "point out some of the answers to the w'asteage of manpower and materials.” Charles M. Hay, deputy manpower chairman, agreed with Senator Fer guson. Republican, of Michigan yes terday that “propaganda” is the commission's chief weapon for en forcing its decrees against workers leaving war plants and limitir^g civ ilian industry's manpower quotas. Must Impress Public. “In my humble opinion.” Mr. Hay said, "the principal thing needed— and it is an imperative need—is a deepening sense of the urgency upon the part of the people respecting war needs.” Reports last summer speculating over prospects for an early end of the war, he said, were reflected in war plants where many w’orkers left to seek peacetime jobs. “If people can be persuaded how as to the urgent need for their services, the people will respond to the urgency,” he said. Mr. Hay added that while he would welcome early legislation penalizing civilian plants which hire workers in excess of manpower com mission quotas, he thinks the problem can be solved without it. Don Anselmo Copella, Dominican Envoy, Dies Don Anselmo Copella. Ambassador to the United States from the Do minican Republic, died in Doctors Hospital today from a heart attack which followed pneumonia. Don Anselmo was 65 years old. The Ambassador, who came here a year ago. became ill two days ago. He entered the hospital yesterday. His w'ife, Senora Copello, and five children are in the Capital. Don Anselmo was president of the principal tobacco company of the Dominican Republic. Except for several honorary posts, he had never served as a Government offi cial until he was appointed Am bassador in November, 1943. His credentials were received by Presi dent Roosevelt on December 20, 1943. Discrimination to Cease, Eisenhower Warns Reich ' By the Associated Press. A proclamation by Gen. Eisen hower today told the German people that financial practices inside the Reich discriminating against any person on account of race, religion or political opinions will be abro gated and all persons will be treated with equal justice under the law. The proclamation, reported by the Office of War Information, was the sixth in a series explaining Allied plans for Germany. German officials will be instructed to continue measures against infla tion, such as rationing and price control, the proclamation said. One of Prison Outbreak Ringleaders Slashes Wrist By the A.'-sooated Press. ATLANTA, Dec. 9—Jack Floyd Adams, 23, one of five ringleaders of an abortive rebellion at the At lanta Federal Prison, slashed his wrist with a razor blade after being placed in solitary confinement. Warden Joseph V. Sanford an nounced today. Adams, serving 30 years for kid naping, from Richmond. Va., was suffering from loss of blood, Mr. Sanford said. Prisons Director James V. Ben nett of Washington, who was here throughout the disturbance, re turned to his office last night, but announced he would be back next week. Sales of ’E' Bonds Fall 7% Behind Schedule, With One Week to Go D. C. Is Over the Top, But Volunteers Stay On Campaign Here Sales of series “E” bonds in the District's Sixth War Loan drive dropped 7 per cent behind sched ule in the report announced to day by the District War Finance Committee, despite repeated urg ings from drive leaders for the small wage earner—the “E” bond buyer—to meet the $30,000,000 quota. Figures in “E” sales now stand at $14,800,000. only 49.3 per cent of the j quota, and the drive has only one more week to go. Total sales in the District—which went over the $94, 000.000 over-all quota yesterday—| continued to rise to a new high of $95,400,000. or 101.5 per cent of the quota. Sales to Individuals Rise. Total sales to individuals, includ ing “E” bonds and other issues sold to individuals, rose to $27,300,000 or 59.3 per cent of the $46,000,000 quota, while corporation sales now are $68,100,000, or 141.9 per cent of the $48,000,000 quota. A statement from the War Finance Committee reminded Bond buyers that the armed forces are requiring more and more materiel. Both local and national leaders cautioned yesterday, when the over t he-top quotas were announced for both the District and Nation, that there is nothing to cheer about vet It is not just the money to buy am munition that the Treasury seeks, they reminded, but also the extra money in the pockets of the small wage earner that they want to see invested in bonds to hold down in flation. National “E" Sales Far Behind. In the Nation “E" sales are now $1,166,000,000, only 46 per cent of the $2,500,000,000 quota. Total individual sales, including "E” bonds and bonds (See WAR BONDS. Page A-4) Security Tax Freeze Is Sent to President; CongressWaitsAction Lawmakers May Take Only Short Recess in Face of Expected Veto By !he Associated Pres*. With fingers crossed. Congress looked hopefully to the White House today for speedy action on a controversial bill freezing the social security payroll tax at 1 per cent. • If President Roosevelt vetoes the measure in the face of thumping Senate and House majorities, legis lators hope hell do it without undue delay so they can vote on over riding and still get home for Christmas. After the bill reaches his desk, the President has 10 days in which to sign or veto it, not counting Sundays. If he fails to act within; that limit, the biU becomes law,| provided Congress hasn't adjourned.. In that case he could kill it, if he! chose, by doing nothing. Lawmakers who want to prevent an otherwise automatic doubling of the tax on January 1 are pre- j pared if necessary, to recess over Christmas and come back just be fore the new session begins Janu-1 ary 3. A two-thirds vote is required to override a veto. The Senate ran up' considerably better than that ratio' yesterday when it approved the' measure. 47 to 19. The House vote was even larger—262 to 72 on last Monday’s roll call. The doubled rates on employ-; ers and employes were scheduled ■ to start January 1, 1942. but thrice Congress has halted the increase. Senator Vandenberg. Republican.) of Michigan, leader in the fight to; freeze the levy again, told the Sen- ! ate yesterday the rise is not needed; to protect the integrity of the re serve fund from which old-age and survivors’ benefits are paid. The fund now holds nearly $6,000,000,000 and the current levy is bringing in more than $100,000,000 a month. Benefit payments in the last fiscal year were $184,500,000. Senator Wagner, Democrat, of New^ York, frequently called the father of the social security law, argued vainly against the freeze yesterday. He thinks the fund should be built up in preparation for the time when millions will be on the benefit list. Further, he declared, “a continued freeze of the contribu- j tions may seriously impair the finan-! cial soundness of our contributory, system of social insurance.” Other Senators suggested that Mr ! Roosevelt may allow the bill to be come law without his signature, per mitting the next Congress to study the question of broadened coverage, higher benefits and larger contribu tions. Jap Mass Slaughter of Yanks In Sea.Described by Survivor Ey the Associated Press. NEW YORK, Dec. 9.—The bloody massacre by the Japanese of hun dreds of weakened American service men, struggling in the ocean after the transport on which they had been imprisoned was sunk, was de scribed yesterday by one of the sur vivors of the ordeal, Capt. Fred J. Gallagher of Tucson, Ariz. Only 82 Americans of the 750 aboard the transport survived,* Capt. Gallagher said at an interview, after he and two other survivors were in troduced at the convention of the National Association of Manufac turers. Five hundred prisoners were jammed into a hold measuring 50 by 40 feet, when the trip began last August 19, Capt. Gallagher said. “We were naked, and the first three days we exhausted all the moisture in our bodies and couldn’t perspire,” he said. “It was hell to be in that trap.” For 19 days the prisoners were so crowded that a man had to stand up to permit the man behind him to stretch his legs, the captain con tinued. “Those are the kind erf times when men get religion, and lose it.” At one time. 140 men who had lost consciousness were removed from the hold, he declared, adding, “They were going pretty fast." Capt. Gallagher told this story of the torpedoing: » The transport he was aboard was one of a convoy of seven which were attacked by a group of American submarines. All the transports prob ably were sunk. Thrown into the water by the ex plosions, Americans were killed by Japanese machine gunners who pa trolled the area in small boats. Others were cut down by saber wielding Japanese, who resorted to knives when their wet guns would not fire. Those who managed to reach the shore of Mindanao, 2 miles away, were slaughtered by Japanese ma chine gunners the next day. Eighty three eventually were aided by Fili pino guerrillas, but one died later of his wounds. An American subma rine rescued the survivors and took them to New Guinea and Australia. The captain said American pris oners of the Japanese “who lasted the first six months” after their capture “have every chance to get back; they’re a pretty tough bunch of boys—they had to be.” Capt. Gallagher's companions were First Lt. Harvey Denso of Granger, Tex., and Sergt. Charles Johnstone of Cleveland. All three are patients at Walter Reed Hospital in Wash ington. Margold in Line For Eicher Post On U. S. Bench Proctor or Lows May Be Named As Chief Justice By J. A. FOX. Municipal Judge Nathan R. Margold is slated for the District Court vacancy created by the death on November 30 of Chief Justice Edward C. Eicher, it was reported reliably today. The prospective appointee will not, however, get the chief justiceship, which is expected to go to Justice James M. Proctor or Justice Bolitha J. Laws, each of whom has served on the District bench for several years with distinction. President Roosevelt, it is thought, will send the two nominations to the Senate shortly. The elevation of Judge Margold to District Court would not be sur prising. A former solicitor of the Interior Department, he was under stood to have been strongly urged by Secretary of the Interior Ickes for the vacancy on the tribunal, which was filled by the recent appointment of Henry A. Schweinhaut, a member of the Justice Department legal stall. Judge Margoid is a native of Jaasi, Romania, w here he was born on July 21, 1899. Brought to this country by his parents at the age of 2, the jurist was educated in New York, receiving his bachelor's degree from JUDGE NATHAN R. MARGOLD. —Undenoood Photo. City College in 1919 Four year* later he was graduated in law at Harvard. He taught law at Harvard, was an assistant United States attorney for the Southern District of New York and special counsel to the New York Transit Commission in the 5-cent fare battle. From 1930 to 1933 he was counsel for the National Asso ciation for the Advancement of Col ored People, and within the same period made a complete study of the subject of Indian claims against the Government for the Institute for Government Research. Appointed solicitor at the Interior Department in March, 1933. Judge Margold. in the early days of the New Deal, also was chairman of the Petroleum Administrative Board and of the Labor Policy Board for the petroleum industry. Went on Bench in 1942. When Municipal Court was reor ganized in July, 1942. by the consoli dation, of Police and Municipal Courts. Judge Margold was one of the appointees to the reconstituted court. He recalls with satisfaction that his first assignment was to the criminal jury branch, where the docket was badly in arrears, and that within five or six months the work was current In the World War, Judge Margold was in the Student Army Training Corps, and he is a member of the American Legion. He also is a mem ber of the Harvard Club. He and Mrs. Margold have an infant son. The family home is at 2964 Newark street N.W. The promotion to the chief jus ticeship of either Justice Proctor or Justice Laws would put a native Washingtonian at the head of Dis trict Court. Justice Proctor is the senior. A Republican, he was appointed to the bench by President Hoover, and took office on March 9,1931. Justice Proctor literally is a product of the local courts. He entered the district attorney's office as a clerk, and in 1910, at the age of 28, had advanced to principal assistant. Starting private practice, he was the head of his own law firm when the World War broke out. Winning a commission at Port Myer training camp, he saw service with the Amer ican Expeditionary Force and ulti mately was advanced to the rank of major. He served as a special assistant to the Attorney General after the war. Deliberate on the bench, Justice Proctor is highly regarded by the legal fraternity. Justice Laws, a life-long Demo crat. was named to District Court by President Roosevelt in 1938. The appointment came under rather un usual circumstances. A group of prominent lawyers made recom mendations for the judgeship to the Justice Department, but Judge Laws declined to permit his name to be submitted, as he was at the time president of the District Bar Asso ciation and felt that efforts on his behalf might be misinterpreted. Nevertheless, he was given the place. In his six years on the bench Jus tice Laws has won wide recognition in the Federal judiciary for his use of and advocacy of pretrial proced ure t.o facilitate the disposition o! law suits. He is 53. Nelson Sees Curtin MELBOURNE, Dec. 9 OF).—Donald Nelson, President Roosevelt’s per sonal representative who is return ing to the United States front Chungking, arrived here today where he conferred with Prime Minister John Curtin.