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Two Big War Centers
In Japan Suffered Most From Quake By the Associated Press. Japan’s war-industry centers of Osaka and Nagoya suffered factory damage and casualties in Thursday’s earthquake which jolted seismo graph needles all over the world, the Japanese admitted today. A tidal wave inundated nomes and caused landslides in the Shizouka area, some 80 miles southwest of Tokyo. Domei, Japanese news agency, said In a broadcast picked up by the Federal Communications Commis sion that ‘‘on the whole,” however, damage was light. “The quake was severe," Domei said, “but losses were limited to buildings damaged in one area, and on the whole not much damage was done.” Big Towns Damaged. That area was the Tokai district, which includes Nagoya, with a popu lation of 1.328,000, center of Japan’s aviation industry’ before the war. Osaka, where factory damage was reported by Domei, is a city of 3,252, 000, an important rail and shipping hub and manufacturing city. The only indication of casualties was given in the announcement that "a number of persons suffered light or severe casualties” in the Hama matsu and Shimizu areas. No word was forthcoming as to whether Tokyo was damaged, but American seismologists said that capital city must have been shaken. Center Was in Sea. Sections reported hardest hit form an arc 80 to 160 miles from Tokyo, generally southwest of the capital. The seismic center was in the Sea of Enshu, on the east side] of Honshu, the main Japanese island. Domei said precautions already taken aaginst American air raids served in good stead. “The people were well prepared and remained calm and collected, sticking to their homes and fac tories, so that damage was kept at a minimum,” the agency reported. "Reconstruction work began at once." Gen. Merrill Is Named Deputy to Gen. Sultan Et the Associated Press. NEW DELHI, Dec. 9— Maj. Gen. Frank Merrill, commander of the famous "Marauders” which helped break the back of the Japanese' strength in North Burma, today was appointed deputy United States commander in the India-Burma theater under Lt. Gen. Dan I. Sul ton. Col. Deen Rusk, Oakland. Calif., has been named deputy chief of staff in this theater. Col. Robert R. Neyland, former football coach at the University of Tennessee, was advanced to brig adier general. He is serving in the Calcutta section. His home is in Greenville, Tex. B-29s (Continued From First Page.) warships and perhaps the biggest land-based air fleet ever used against an island target in the Pa cific war. Scores of Super Fortresses and 108 four-engined Liberators, flying under a shield of 30 Lightning fight ers, poured a fearsome load of bombs yesterday mi the Japanese base in the Bonin Islands while war ships sent destructive salvos ashore in the first combined action of its kind. Six Japanese planes took the air in a feeble attempt to intercept. Five were shot down and the sixth was damaged. Possibly Battleships In Action. Rear Admiral Allan E. Smith’s task force almost certainly included cruisers and possibly even heavily gunned battleships with escorting destroyers.' The crushing blow on the island only eight square miles in size. 750 miles south of Tokyo, served to clear the B-29 bombing route between Saipan and the Nippon capital, and to knock out for the time being the enemy's take-off point for raids on Saipan. In announcing the mighty assault yesterday, Admiral Chester W. Nimitz disclosed also that Lt, Gen. Millard F. Harmon was the new commander of strategic air forces, Pacific Ocean areas. Gen. Harmon also is deputy commander of the ! 20th Air Foroe. which has charge of all B-29 operations. Admirable Nimitz said a "sizable” force of B-29s participated in the raid. Each Super Fort could carry 10 tons of bombs on such a mission, and the Liberators could pack at least 2 tons. In the past official counts the use of "sizable” force by Admiral Nimitz has meant 75 to 100 planes. Bombs Blast Airfield. The absence of antiaircraft fire enabled the Super Fortresses to fly low enough to make their pre cision bombing deadly accurate. Most of the bombs were concentrat ed on the main airfield at the south end, but not an important installa tion was neglected despite consid erable overcast. Even should the Japanese manage to put the installations back into service, they could be neutralized indefinitely by routine air strikes. Other raids announced by Admiral Nimitz included an 11th Air Force strike on Paramushiro in the North ern Kuriles on Wednesday. The same day, marine fighters strafed installations on Babelthuap in the Palaus. Tarawa 'Nurse' Makes Air Trip To Visit III Wife 2 Hours Daily First Class Pharmacist’s Mate Jack "Red” Barnett, who for 76 hours on Tarawa was doctor, nurse and morale booster to several hun hundred ma rines, discovered after an anx iety-filled slow air journey from San Fra ncisco that he could visit his bed ridden wife for only two hour* a day. But even his brief visits were a tonic for Mrs. Imogene Bar nett, recuperat ing in Garfield Hospital from a serious abdominal operation. The operation was performed Wednesday morning and Mr. Bar nett arrived Thursday morning. "She seemed to improve from the minute he got here,” said his mother, Mrs. Nellie F. Barnett, 2515 Thirteenth street N.W. On Tarawa last February a tough marine sergeant said of “Red”: “You know that guy not only doc tored my feet, but he gave me a Chinese Regain Town In Campaign to Clear | Kweichow Province (By the Associated Press. CHUNGKING. Dec. 9 —The rail road town of Shangssu, 18 miles ; south of newly recaptured Tuhshan, was regained last night in the Chi nese campaign to clear Kweichow Province of the Japanese, the Chi nese high command announced to day. Shangssu lies 82 miles southeast of Kweiyang. the provincial capital, and less than 5 miles from the border of Kwangsi Province, from which the enemy spearheads thrust into Kweichow toward Kweiyang and the Burma Road center of Kun ming. Most of the invaders already have been ousted by the reinforced divisions of Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek. Gen. Chen Cheng, new Chinese War Minister, announced today that the retreating enemy was being pur sued in tire area of Liming (Dawn) Pass, northeast of the Kwangsi bor der town of Liuchai, after being routed from Tuhshan. Tuhshan, only 75 miles southeast of Kweiyang, had been enveloped by the Japanese in their drive along: the Kwangsi-Kweichow railroad. Liuchai is 40 miles from Tuhshan. The Japanese left column was: thrown back from Tuhshan along; the railroad to a point only 20 miles! from the border. Fighting was in progress there and at Liming Pass, 90 miles southeast of Kweiyang. This meant the Japanese nowhere were now more than 20 miles inside Kwei chow, though at one time the right column had penetrated as far as 70 miles. Six Japanese divisions and one brigade have been deployed along' the Kwangsi-Kweichow border, the War Minister said, but only 9.000 men penetrated Kweichow—6.000 in the direction of Tuhshan and 3,000 toward Pachai. Weather Report District of Columbia — Partly cloudy and rather windy with high near 45 this afternoon. Clearing and colder with low near freezing tonight. Fair, continued cold to morrow. Maryland and Virginia — Dimin ishing winds, clearing and colder tonight. Fair, continued cold to morrow. River Report. Potomac and Shenandoah Rivers clear at Harpers Ferry. Potomac very muddy at Great Falls. Renort for Last 24 Hours. „ , , Tempera lure. Yesterday— Degrees. | P m.-a._ 42 8 P.m._ 45 Midnight__ 42 Today— 4 a m.__ _ 40 * an)._ZZ-Z.ZZZZ a#-* Noon ---_- 3tT Record for Last 24 Hoars. (From noon yesterday to noon today.) Highest, 46, 6 o.m. Year ago, 64. Lowest, 38, 7 a m. Year ago. 4S. Record Temperatures This Year. Highest. P8. on June is. Lowest, 17, on January IP. Humidity for Last 24 Hours. (From noon yesterday to noon today ) 2:30 p.m. -88 per Cent. 8 3(i p m. -62 per cent. - 30 a.m. -48 per cent. 8:30 a m-54 per cent. Tide Tables. (Furnished by United States Coast and Geodetic Survey.) ... , Today. Tomorrow. High - 3:68 am 4:62 a.m. I/)"' -10:52 am. 11:41am. High- - 4:33 pm. 5:24 p.m. Low - 11:25 p.m. 12:17 p.m. The Run and Moon. „ . . Rises Sets. Sun, today _ 8:16 5:46 Sun. tomorrow _ 8:17 5:46 Moon, today __ 3:10am. 3:09p.m. Autcmobile lights must be turned on one-hall hour after sunset. Precipitation. Monthly precipitation in inches in the Capital (current month to date): . Month. 1944. Ave. Record. January - 2.36 3.55 7.83 '37 February _ 2.3] 3,37 6.84 '84 March - 4 83 3.75 8.84 '91 April _ 2.98 3.27 9 13 '89 May - 1.11 3.70 10.69 RP June _ 2.27 4.13 10.94 •on July - 5.62 4.71 10.63 '86 August _6.01 4.01 14.41 'ER September_ 4.87 3.24 17.45 '34 October - 3 28 2 84 8.81 '37 November _ 3.14 2.37 7.18 '77 December _ 0.7, 3.32 7.56 '01 __ i Mail Examination Set The Civil Service Commission to day announced an examination to All the position of rural mail carrier at Clinton, Md„ at an annual salary of $1,800. Applications will be re ceived until December 28. Industrialist Says Gasoline Shortage Slowed Patton's Men By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, Dec. 9.—A "des perate effort” by Gen. George S. Patton’s 3d Army to supply fuel for a final punch on the western front was described last night by an American businessman just re turned from Europe. Fighter planes flew to the front to supply gas for tanks, and trucks made the 600-mile run from the beaches, Frederick c. Crawford, Cleveland industrialist, declared in a report prepared for the 49th annual convention of the National Association of Manufacturers. "Finally,” he said, “it became humanly impossible to keep this great army of mechanized equip ment supplied. Gen. Patton or dered the gas from the trucks put into his tanks and told his then to ‘go until the tanka atop—then * get out and walk!’ And they did —they walked right through Metz." Mr. Crawford, of Cleveland, who with five other industrialists spent five weeks inspecting fighting fronts to get first hand knowledge of short ages, declared that with more gaso line, Oen. Patton’s Army “would have gone straight through to Ber lin.” "Mobile warfare is over for the moment,” Mr. Crawford asserted. “The V-l buzz-bomb is coming over in greater numbers and caus ing havoc in supply systems." he added. “And the V -2 rocket is appearing in greater numbers. Our generals expect new and more frightful in ventions.” The Crawford party returned ear ly this week by airplane. 3 ' r f mental shot In the arm that made me feel a lot better.” His activities on Tarawa were de scribed in a dispatch by a Marine Corps combat correspondent, pub lished in The Star last February 9. Transferred to San Francisco, Mr. Barnett was informed at 11 pm. Monday of his life’s illness necessi tating an operation. He imme diately obtained a 15-day leave and started trying to get to Washington by plane to be with her. He finally got started at 3 am. Tuesday, but had to change planes at Los Angeles, El Paso, Fort Worth and Dallas, switching airlines three times. His wife’s operation could not await his arrival. The Red Cross helped him keep in touch with her bedside through telegrams and long-distance telephone calls. Finally arriving here at 9:30 am. Thursday, he rushed to see his wife, who was said by his mother to have been feeling very uncomfortable and unable to relax since the oper ation. She was reported much bet ter and on the road to recovery to day. Mr. Barnett had hoped to spend most of his brief leave with his wife, but his mother said he is having to observe the hospital’s visiting hours and can see her only between 3 and 4 and 7 and 8 p.m. each day. j HI...—mmmrnm ■ mmmmmmmmmm, Husband Dies At Work; News Kills Wife A husband and wife died within a few minutes of each other here today as a result of heart attacks. Lester F. James, colored, about 57, died while on duty as a messenger at the Navy Bureau of Ships serv ice section. His wife. Mary E. James, 56, died soon after she was informed of her husband's death, at their home, 1322 S street N.W. Mr. James was pronounced dead by a Navy doctor. He entered the Government service August 1, 1917. 13 More Jap Admirals Reported Killed in Air and Sea Battles j By the Associated Press. The deaths of 13 Japanese admir als—many of them probably in the air and sea battles related to Ameri can re-invasion of the Philippines— were announced today by Japanese i headquarters at the Yokosuka naval station. Vice Admiral Hideo Yano, former ! chief of the Navy press section, who j last October 4 himself announced the deaths of seven other admirals, was in the list. The Federal Communications Commission recorded the Tokyo j broadcast. The broadcast said the men “met gallant and heroic deaths while fighting dauntlessly and gallantly at the front lines in the southern region.” Domei news agency identified the other dead as: Vice Admirals Take hisa Tsujimura, Yasunoshin Ito and Ichimatsu Takahashi; Rear Ad mirals Senzaburo Tonomuta, Rinso Kurosaki, Kakuo Kishigawa, Saburo Ashina, Migi Horiuchi, Shigeri Ta-j keshita, Iwao Oka and Masayasu Tsuji, and Surgeon Rear Admiral Yokichl Odajima. The fact that Yokosuka, which covers the coasts off Tokyo, Aomori, Iwate, Miyagi, Fukushima, Kara futo and Hokkaido made the an nouncement indicated the admirals were operating out of that largest Japanese home naval base. 29 Reported Killed, Japan has announced the deaths of at least 29 admirals since Sep tember 22. Radio reports in October disclosed 11 deaths. Including the 7 announced by Yano. On Septem ber 22 Tokyo radio announced five other admirals had been killed. The Office of War Information pointed out that while the 13 flag officers presumably met their deaths in separate actions. Domei's report of the Yokosuka announcement did not specify dates. OWI said it would be fair to assume, however, that the officers were killed after October 4, since on that date Yokosuka issued an announcement of the deaths of seven other admirals in previous actions. OWI said that if the newly dis closed deaths did occur after Oc tober 4, the possibility arose that tne 13 admirals were killed during naval engagements with United States forces which began October 12 off Formosa and extended past the landing of American troops on Philippine soil. Hiland G. Batcheller Named Krug's Chief Assistant By the Associated Press. Hiland G. Batcheller yesterday of ficially became the No. 2 man in the War Production Board. The former Pittsburgh steel exec utive was formally designated by Chairman J. At Krug as chief of operations, with authority to “han dle board policy questions” and to act as chairman during Mr. Krug’s absence from Washington. Harold Boeschenstein, formerly head of the Forest Products Bureau, was named operations vice chairman of WPB. He will manage the activi ties of the industry divisions and other operating units of WPB. Support the Sixth War Loan drive “like a .mighty army” over the top— $94,000,000. De Soto had no quota; nor have we! Buy and buy and buy. ■ . r * I zr o The animal kingdom has its amusing innings in gold washed Sterling Silver, Prices include 20% tax. Anteater earrings, $15; pin_$25.20 Squirrel earrings, 15; pin_$30 Panda earrings, $15; pin_$20.40 W&L—Pine Jewelry, First Floor. Marsha of California makes Christmas merrier with flowering black rayon faille coronet_$25 Frivolous black rayon satin bracelets_pair, $14.95 Red wool jersey, staccatoed by black print and sequins. The gloves, $19.95; the cap____$14.95 Satin, sequins and feathers for a sash_$19.95 W&L—Walnut Room, Third Floor. Koret discovers metallic rayon brocade for evening bags. Prices' include 20% tax. Moonlight white with glowing frame_$59.70 Opulent Paisley-patterned pouch_$35.70 W&L—Handbags, Aisle 10, Pint Floor.