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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 10, 1944, Image 4

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Navy Raiders Assist
In Air and Sea Action
Against Iwo Jima
By the Associated Press.
PACIFIC FLEET HEADQUAR
TERS. Pearl Harbor, Dec. 9.—The
mightiest warship and plane blow
yet to crash down on a Japanese
base—the December 7 attempt to
eliminate Iwo Jima as an interven
ing menace to the B-29s now raid
ing Tokyo—was expanded by new
Navy reports today.
A communique said Navy search
planes, in the face of intense en
emy antiaircraft fire, flew low to
bomb airstrip installations at Iwo
Jima, which is in the Bonin Islands,
750 miles from Tokyo and about
an equal distance north of the B-29
base on Saipan.
Previously official and spokesman
reports had told of more than 100
Liberator bombers and perhaps as
many as 70 Super Fortresses, es
corted by long-range Lightnings,
pouring down an estimated 900 tqns
of bombs on Iwo Jima during the
day. The reports also told of a
naval task force heavily shelling
the island with the aid of aerial
spotters.
Time of Raid Unspecified.
Today's communique did not
specify whether the Navy search
planes preceded or followed up the
bombers and warships.
• Mention of the heavy anti
aircraft might indicate the
search planes went in first inas
much as ack-ack was reduced to
almost the vanishing point dur
ing the heavier assaults.)
One Navy search plane was dam
aged, the communique said. All re
turned safely.
The communique also reported
raids December 7 on Pagan and
Rota, enemy bases in the Marianas
close to Saipan.
At the B-29 base on Saipan, Lt.
Gen. Millard F. Harmon, comman
der of the Army Air Forces in the
Pacific Ocean areas, said the Iwo
Jima attack was just a curtain rais
er and that although the results
appeared good “we definitely are not
happy about the overall result” be
cause the weather proved a handi
cap.
600,000 Pounds Dropped.
Speaking at a press conference in
the office of Maj. Gen. Robert W.
Douglass, commander of the 7th Air
Force. Gen. Harmon estimated that
600.000 pounds of bombs were
dropped on Iwo Jima. His figure
W8s based on incomplete reports.
"Roughly. 20 per cent of the bombs
landed in the target area,” he said.
"But that doesn’t mean that the
other 80 per cent didn’t do damage,
because Iwo is pretty densely covered
with installations of all kinds.
"The results appeared good despite
a thick cloud cover. The best part
is that the attack cost nothing ex
cept time, fuel and the bombs used.
We lost no aircraft or personnel and
none of the planes was damaged.”
Command Setup Changed.
Gen. Harmon disclosed that the
Army’s forward air command setup
in the Pacific, commanded by Maj.
Gen. Willis H. Hale, has been re
placed by a new task force called
"Comstratair.” The abbreviation
means command strategical air
forces.
The new organization is com
manded by Gen. Harmon and em
braces all land-baaed units in this
area that can be used for long-range
offensive operations. These include
medium bombers and long-range
fighters.
Gen. Harmon said Gen. Hale has
returned to the United States, but
will be reassigned in the new organi
zation when he returns to the Mari
anas.
When Gen. Harmon is absent
from the Marianas, Gen. Douglass
will serve temporarily as deputy
commander of Comstratair. *
Brig. Gen. Truman H. Landon,
commander of the 7th Bomber Com
mand for three years, has returned
to the United States. He has been
succeeded by Col. Lawrence J. Carr,
Chicago, who was chief of staff to
Gen. Hale.
Navy Capt. W. V. Davis, Savannah,
Ga„ who was deputy chief of staff
to Gen. Hale in the old forward air
command, will succeed Col. Carr as
Gen. Hale’s chief of staff when the
latter returns to his new command
here.
Gen. Harmon said the Iwo attack
was the first operation of the new
Comstratair and that the “co
ordination worked out perfectly.”
Gen. Harmon also is deputy com
mander of the Army's 20th Air Force
which directs B-29 operations.
YANKS GAIN IN THREE SECTORS—American troops (arrows) gained yesterday in three sectors
of the front before the German Saar (border shaded). (1) Dilllngen fell, (2) Neunkirch was
entered and forces driving west across the Saar River and north in the Achen area made contact
and (8) assaults northwest of Haguenau continued as tank-led Yanks drove into Blschwiller.
_________ , —A. P. Wirephoto.
Corcoran
(Continued From First Page.)
immigration and naturalization
commissioner, replacing Earl O.
Harrison, resigned.
The nomination, however, became
only a peg on which to hang a
three-hour give-and-take on the
ouster of Mr. Littell, and his charges
that Mr. Corcoran has been able
to influence official actions of the
Justice Department.
Corcoran Influence Overrated.
Mr. Biddle voiced the opinion
that Mr. Corcoran’s influence with
the department was somewhat over
rated, and declared he felt very
strongly about such implications.
Mr. Littell has contended that Mr.
Corcoran had been able to summon
Mr. Biddle to his apartment when
he (Littell) had to wait days for an
appointment with his chief.
Mr. Biddle delivered a warm rec
ommendation of Mr. Carusi, and
Senator Ferguson, Republican of
Michigan, led the Attorney General
into a review of the Littell incident.
Mr. Littell was ousted by President
Roosevelt for insubordination after
he had sent the Senate War Investi
gating Committee ty memorandum
alleging that the Attorney General
had sought to Intervene in a con
demnation suit on Mr. Corcoran's
behalf.
After hours of talk about a dozen
lawsuits in which Mr. Littell. Mr.
Carusi, Mr. Corcoran or Mr. Biddle
had taken part, Senator Ferguson
suggested that Mr. Littell be called
up next week to present his side of
the affair, but Chairman Russell,
Democrat of Georgia, objected.
“Complete Disloyalty."
Mr. Biddle told the committee that
Mr. Littell had demonstrated “com
plete disloyalty” toward him and
also had made “most vicious re
marks” about Mr. Biddle which the
Attorney General refused to repeat.
Senator Maybank, Democrat of
South Carolina, observed: “That's
enough for me.”
In a Justice Department squabble
involving condemnation proceedings
against the Savannah Shipyards Co.,
Mr. Littell had alleged that the law
firm of Dempsey & Koplovitz had
acted as the “front” for Mr. Cor
coran. Mr. Biddle said Mr. Corcoran
did not represent the shipyards, but
did represent certain interests in
the Empire Ordnance Co., which, he
said, had some sort of connection
with the shipyard. (Mr. Littell had
said Savannah Shipyards was a sub
sidiary of Empire.)
The Attorney General said Mr.
Corcoran telephoned him and sug
gested that the condemnation suit
could be settled for about a million
dollars. Mr. Biddle said he ar
ranged a conference of himself,
Dempsey & Koplovitz and Mr. Lit
tell at which a settlement was sug
gested. Mr. Littell advised against
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a settlement and said he wanted to
bring the case to trial.
Government Lost Case.
Mr. Biddle said that in the face
of a ‘ firm offer” to settle the suit
for $1,085,000 he allowed Mr. Littell
to take the case to trial. The Gov
ernment eventually lost.
“The final cost to the Government,
including Interest and fees, made a
difference of about $300,000 (more)
between the firm offer and the final
settlement,” Mr. Biddle testified.
He said the reason he let Mr. Lit
tell take the case to court was th~*
he usually followed the advice of
his division heads in matters which
they had studied more minutely
than he had.
Mr. Biddle said he felt he should
agree to the trial if Mr. Littell took
the attitude that the department
might be criticized for making a
settlement out of court.
Then Mr. Biddle said he wanted
to tell about “the famous midnight
ride." That turned out to be an
automobile jaunt to the Attorney
General's Virginia farm in connec
tion with the Sterling Products case.
German Influence Removed.
The department had filed an anti
trust case against the pharmaceuti
cal house, alleging a tie-up with the
German I. G. Farben interests. Mr.
Biddle testified that Mr. Corcoran
was able to persuade the firm to
plead nolo contendere. He said the
German influence was completely
removed.
Meanwhile, Mr. Corcoran and
Thurman Arnold, then head of the
Antitrust Division, had worked out
a suggestion that the Secretary of
Commerce “police” the reorganized
company to see that it remained
clear of German influence. Mr.
Biddle was out at his farm, the tele
phone lines were down because of a
storm, so they drove out at night.
“Both of them have a sort of flair
for the dramatic, you know,” Mr.
Biddle said.
Mr. Biddle said he turned them
down cold.
“I told them I thought their plan
was silly and I wouldn't write any
such letter to the Secretary of Com
merce,” he said.
Chairman Russell interrupted Mr.
Biddle once to say he did not be
lieve the Littell case pertinent to
the Carusi hearing, but Senator
Ferguson, insisted that it had a
bearing on whether Mr. Carusi
would be able to give Congress full
information about his work if he
were confirmed as commissioner.
Mr. Biddle said he did not ob
ject to subordinates testifying be
fore congressional committees, but
that it was a rule that he should
be informed in advance because he
was responsible for Justice Depart
ment policy.
He said he was sure that Mr.
Carusi would never testify before
any committee—as Mr. Littell had
done—without first talking it over
with the Attorney General.
2 D. C. Pilots Included
In Omaha Crash Toll
Bernard M. Lewis, 23, of 1726 D
street S.E., and Miss Verna Mae
Turner, 1714 Nineteenth street N.W.,
both pilots employed by the Recon
struction Finance Corp. in ferrying
Mix Turner. Mr. Lewis.
surplus war planes, were among the
17 persons killed Thursday in a
crash at Omaha, Nebr., it was
learned last night.
Mr. Lewis recently had received
an honorable discharge from the
Army, his wife, Mrs. Virginia M.
Lewis, said. She and his parents,
Mr. and Mrs. Albert E. Lewis, live
at the D street address. The pilots’
wife is an RFC clerk.
Mr. Lewis was born in Washing
ton and graduated from Eastern
High School. He was a junior at
the University of Maryland when he
enlisted in the Army in July, 1842.
Miss Turner, whose aunt, Mrs.
Horace Bannon, lives at the Nine
teenth street address, came to
Washington four years ago from
Pontiac, Mich. According to her
aunt, Miss Turner was a stunt flyer
and later became an instructor.
Her aunt believes she was co-pilot
of the plane when it crashed in a
take-off at the Omaha Municipal
Airport.
Man Dies in Fire
Fire which broke out in the front
room of a house at 153 North Caro
lina avenue S.E. about midnight last
night caused the death of Randolph
Jackson, colored, 39. Firemen quickly
put the fire out on their arrival and
found his body on the floor.
War Bonds are now owned by some
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More than 8 out of every 13 men,
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Noose Around Faenza
Is Drawn Tighter by
British 8th Army
Br the Associated Press.
ROME, Dec. 0.—A noose steadily
was being tightened today about the
Northern Italian highway coastal
point of Faenza by British 8th Army
forces in bitter lighting.
Already as much as 5 miles be
yond the Lamone River, the town’s
water barrier on the south, the
British seized San Prospero on the
west bank only a mile southwest of
Faenza.
A parallel column, beating back
steady resistance, fought to a spur
less than a mile south of Celle, 2
miles west of Faenza and only a mile
from Highway 9 running northwest
to Bologna.
The withdrawing Germans, light
ing back hard to protect their flank,
yesterday recaptured the village of
Pideura, across the Lamone 5 miles
southwest of Faenza, but Allied
tanks and infantry won it back
after vicious lighting in the houses.
The Germans were cleared now
from the east bank of the Lamone
from Faenza for about 13 miles
northeastward and Allied artillery
was blazing away at stoutly en
trenched machine gun and mortar
positions across the stream.
Eighth Army patrols along the
Adriatic reported an area from 3
to a mues north of Ravenna now
clear of the enemy.
Fifth Army patrols south of Bo
logna groped through fog so dense
that visibility was cut to a few yards
and struggled against heavy rains
that have kept that sector of th>:
front static.
Winds which at times reached 50
miles an hour added to the diffi
culties.
Legion Gift Drive
Gets Quick Response
There has been a general response
to the American Legion campaign
for 5,000 gifts for service men and
women in District area hospitals,
Lee R. Pennington, department com
mander, announced yesterday. He
said the campaign is expected to go
over the top when it closes on De
cember 20.
The collection is being conducted
with the co-operation of newspapers,
radio stations, motion picture the
aters and leading stores with the
object of seeing that all service per
sonnel confined to Government hos
pitals here are remembered Christ
mas morning.
Mr. Pennington requested that
donors write their name and address
on gifts deposited in receptacles
provided in stores and theaters. He
also asked that no foodstuffs be of
fered as contributions.
Gifts of money are being received
by Harry W. Brown, chairman of
the “Gifts for Yanks Who Gave”
Committee at American Legion
headquarters, 2437 Fifteenth street
N.W. Checks ranging from <1 to
$100 already have been received.
Gifts to be made through casn do
nations will be purchased by mem
bers of the Legion Auxiliary, who
also will assist in the distribution.
Bonomi
(Continued From First Page )
this means to me much more than
a speech.”
He added that “it was not my
fault that if after my arrival in
Italy I was reluctantly obliged to
admit that it was impossible for
Badoglio to revive a military spirit
and that instead of fighting Fascism
the beaten generals were trying to
create a more hypocritical and more
dangerous neo-Fascism.”
Sforza said it was “mv sacred duty
to oppose Badoglio, which I did. not
with ‘intrigues out with an open
fight during which all the nation
was with me.”
1 1 j 1 1 1 111 Ml.. ■ l ■ I
ALLIED CHIEFS PART IN ITALY-Gen. Sir Henry Maitland
Wilson (right), former supreme commander of Allied troops in
the Mediterranean theater, bids farewell to Lt. Gen. Mark W.
Clark, commander in chief of Allied armies in Italy, at the
Anglo-American Club in Florence, Italy. This was just as Gen.
Wilson left for Washington to become chief of the British joint
staff mission. This is a British official photo.
—A. P. Wirephoto via OWI Radio, i
Manpower
(Continued From First Page.)
has been raised about 30 per cent
in recent months, greatly Increased
Army schedules have forced the
program farther and farther behind.
Efforts to recruit additional man
power for tire plants have met with
lilt:* success and officials have felt
that pooi- labor relations within the
plants further retarded production.
WPB officials estimated the seven
day week alone would add 10 per
cent to tire output, while the addi
tional promise of management and
labor to lay aside their differences
and “co-operate,” If followed faith
fully, should bring other favorable
results.
Most workers in the industry have
been on a 48-hour week, while the
average for September, last month
for which figures are available, was
46 H hours after making allowance
for absenteeism. A few plants, offi
cials said, already have adopted the
seven-day week. A majority of plants
have operated either six or six and
a half days a week, with the addi
tional half day devoted to cleaning,
repairing equipment and solving
plant "bottlenecks.” The longer work
week will add nearly 24 hours to in
dustry operation, an official esti
mated.
Will Increase Earnings.
The average weekly earning of tire
workers—now about $60—will be in
creased materially by the new agree
ment. They will receive time-and
a-half pay for the first eight hours
of work over 40 and double time for
the seventh day.
Increase in work time for the
heavy tire industry marked the first
time in a year that any large seg
ment of labor had been placed on a
seven-day week. Government pro
duction agencies, which early in the
war program sponsored a seven-day
week for some industries, including
shipbuilding, no longer favor such a
long week except in emergencies.
Military men long have warned
that an impending shortage of truck
tires, caused, by a combined lag in
production and much faster rate of
attrition at the battle fronts than
had been anticipated, threatened to
Interfere with actual battle plans.
Gen. Somervell yesterday estimated
that the Army will be 472,000 tires
short of its requirements for the
first three months of 1945.
He said efforts have been made to
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reduce the deficit by stripping all
spare tires from military vehicles
in this country, by recalling tire
reserves from less active war thea
ters, by using captured German tires
and by pressing into service tire
plants in Belgium and France.
Tire plant management in its
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efforts to settle grievances and n«n”
gotiations with the union “in ac
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Mr. Dalrymple asked union mem
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and “comply with our pledge to re
frain from work stoppages during
this war emergency regardless of
provocation." He told them that
“extra effort now means lives saved
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