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Rain or wet snow, ending tomorrow morning; windy, cold tomorrow. Temperatures today—Highest, 35, at* noon; lowest, 28, at 5:50 a.m. Yes terday—Highest, 42, at 3:20 p.m.; I lowest, 28, at 8:35 a.m. ! Late New York Markets, Page A-15. Guide for Readers Page. Amusements ..A-16 Comics ...B-14-15 Editorials .A-9 Edlt’l Articles _. A-9 Finance .A-6 Lost and Found, A-3 Page. Obituary.A-10 Radio .B-15 Society ..B-3 Sports -A-12-13 Where to G0...B-8 Women’s Page, B-10 An Associated Press Newspaper 92d YEAR. No. 36,748. _WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, DECEMBER 11, 1944—THIRTY-TWO PAGES. ★★★ City Borne Delivery, Dally and Sunday er nnvTrrn SOc a Month. When 6 Sundays, 91.00. e> 1; Ti IS) First Army Closes In on Duren; Two More Roer Towns Occupied; Patton Meets 11 Counterattacks Yanks Advance 1 Vi Miles Along Super Highway BULLETIN. ' WITH THE AMERICAN 7th ARMY IN ALSACE (IP).— Haguenau, important com munications and supply city 18 miles north of Strasbourg, fell to American troops today. (Map on Page A-4.) By the Associated Press. PARIS, Dec. 11.—American 1st Army troops today drove within 2y2 miles of the Roer River cita del of Duren and advanced IV2 miles along the Aachen-Cologne superhighway to Merken, 17 miles inside Germany and the deepest point of conquest. Lt. Gen. Courtney H. Hodges' shock troops in fresh snowfall fought to ward the flooded Roer on a 10-mile front. Dhom, 3 miles west, and Echtz, 2t* miles northwest of Duren, top pled. Nearby Geich. Obergeich and Strass were taken yesterday. Street fighting raged in at least five villages, the farthest of which was 5 miles from Duren. These were Pier, Merken, Gey, Merode and Schafberg. The Germans employed dug-in tanks and self-propelled guns at Gey. 11 Enemy Counterattacks. On the Saarland front to the south, Lt. Gen. George S. Patton's 3d Army fought amid Siegfried Line defenses at Dillingen and Saarlau tern, encountering ever-stiffening resistance which took on a fanatical character. Tanks and guns fired at the Americans from vantage points inside buildings and factories. In fantry was buried under rubble heaps left in the wake of Allied air forces. Eleven enemy counterattacks have been launched in this area in the last two days. Three came at Dil- \ lingen before dawn today. In one of these 85 Germans made a charge, shouting “Heil Hitler!” Every Nazi was killed. During Sunday, Gen. Patton's 95th Division reported cleaning out 25 pillboxes, 30 fortified buildings and several dug-in tanks inside Saar lautern, which the Americans half won eight days ago. Third Army men also fought in the streets of Roden and Fraulautern beyond Saarlautern and in Sarreguemines. At Merken, the 1st Armv was within 22 miles of Cologne and astride the main highway which the Germans call an autobahn. The road crosses the Roer 3 miles north of Duren, a key city of 39.000. and then debouches into lesser roads in the flat rolling approaches to Cologne. Force Way to Haguenau. On Gen. Patton's right. Lt. Gen. Alexander M. Patch’s 7th Army was at grips with the Germans on the east side of the big French base of Haguenau. into which the 79th In fantry Division forced its way yes terday. Heavy fighting raged at several places in the Haguenau area, including the streets of Reichshof fen. a mile south of Niederbronn. The 1st Army slogged through Dhorn. The Germans had vacated this village as well as Obergeich and Echtz. Tanks played a prominent part in the new thrust. To the north, other infantry for mations still fought in the streets of Pier, 5 miles northwest of Du ren, where the Germans had tanks. Enemy armor also guarded the ap proaches to Schophoven, where American infantry last was reported 500 yards away. The 1st Army opened a new pre dawn attack at 4:30 a m. from the vicinity of Lucherberg and covered 2,000 yards, reaching the outskirts of Merken, close to the flooded Roer and 3’2 miles northwest of Duren. Still Fighting in Gey. Contrary to reports late yesterday that Gey, 4 miles southwest of Duren, had been cleaned out. the Americans still were fighting for each house in that village. Below Gey, the Germans in the first light today launched a counter attack against Americans holding Strass. Front reports said the doughboys were holding the thrust. The 35th and 26th Infantry Divi sions of the 3d Army extended their lines in the center of the Western Front east of Sarreguemines, squeez ing the Germans from some of the last bits of France in that sector. No further progress was reported either toward the Saarland capital of Saarbrucken. 3 miles or so from American troops, or inside the near by French rail center of Forbach. A front dispatch said the 3d Army held only about a fifth of Dillingen, One additional man from the District area has been re ported killed in this war. See “On the Honor Roll," Page A-2. (See WESTERN FRONT, Page A-4:) Charles Town Results FIRST RACE—-Purse. $600: 3-year-olds and up; claiming about 4% furlongs Edmar Jojan iEdansi 6.00 4.00 4.00 Sir Islam (Lavoie! 7 00 5 °o Not Alone (Guyton) S'ln Time—0:52. Also ran—Patland. Uncle Ol, Rainbow. Tenderfoot, Come High. SECOND RACE—Purse. $700: 2-year olds; allowances: Charles Town course Patience (Duffordi 7.20 4 ’0 -'60 Scot Sun (W. Kirlt) J1 40 400 Proud Pappy (Denton) •> 4,1 Time—1.22%. Also ran—Schley Pete. Bidema, Jene Siam, General Knight. V Day (Daily Double paid $21.60.) THIRD RACE—Purse. $700: 4-year-olds up; claiming: Charles Town course. Ultima Thule (Edens) 10.40 6.40 3 80 Van Tryst (Kirkpatrick) 6 20 3 80 Wayuma (Rose) 3 00 Time, 1:21%. Also ran—Rolls Rough, Daring, Nick, Bright and Early, Over Gold. -* Hunger and Threat of Epidemics Heighten Turmoil in Athens ELAS Concentrations Around City Attacked By Big British Bombers for First Time By the Associated Press. ATHENS, Dec. 11.—Acute food shortages and the imminent danger of epidemics threatened Athens today as British heavy bombers for the first time in the week-long civil struggle attacked ELAS concentrations around the city. RAP Wellingtons and cannon-fir ing Spitfires joined the sanguinary fighting—already reported to have cost the leftists 1,500 killed and 2,500 wounded—after an ELAS attack supported by mortars and artillery had been repelled yesterday by Brit ish troops using tanks and field guns. Several shells fired from ELAS positions fell near British head quarters on the eastern outskirts of the city. Sniper bullets struck the Grande Bretagne Hotel, temporary seat of the Greek government on Constitution Square. One 75-milli meter shell struck British head quarters. The British replied with artillery and mortars. Heavy rain curtailed action during the night, but fires started by shell fire still were smoking today on the northern slopes of the Acropolis. All unloading of relief ships at Piraeus, port of Athens, was at a standstill and UNRRA attempts to organize soup kitchens to relieve the stricken civilian population so far had failed. Large numbers of dead were still awaiting burial. Strong forces of both sides were massed as efforts to mediate the crisis appeared to be meeting little success. The ELAS, armed militia of the left-wing EAM political party, <See GREECE, Page A-6.1 1,600 U. S. Bombers Drop 6,C33Tonson Reich Rail Centers Co-ordinated Operation By 3 Air Forces Shakes Varied German Targets By the Associated Press. LONDON, Dec. 11. — Sixteen hundred American heavy bomb ers and 800 fighters—the great est fleet of four-engined craft ever mounted in aerial warfare— today raided Western Germany’s rail centers with 6,000 tons of explosives. The Fortress and Liberator fleet from the Britain-based United States 8th Air Force was part of a co-ordinated operation that shook the Reich with heavy bombers from all three air forces in the European theater. British Lancasters and Mosquitos jolted three German cities in the Ruhr before noon. Rail yards and a fuel plant at Osterfeld and refineries at Meiderick and Bruckhausen were the targets? Berlin radio reported bombers from the United States 15th Air Force over Austria and headed toward Southern Germany — the third raid from Italy in three days. 17,000 Men Over Reich. The size of the British-based force meant that almost 17,000 pilots, navigators, bombardiers and gun ners were in the skies over Ger many. An 8th Air Force spokesman said every main rail line leading from industrial centers in Central and Southwestern Germany to German defenses in the west had been ripped apart by British and American bombs in the last week. Today the 8th Air Force heavies bombed the main line rail centers of Frankfurt, nearby Hanau and Giessen. One fighter group left the bombers and dived down to explode eight locomotives near Kassel. All the targets were obscured in cloud and bombing was by instru ment. 'Moderate' Earthquake In Pacific Recorded Here The Georgetown University seis mograph yesterday recorded an earthquake which seismologists said was “moderate" in intensity and probably occurred in the New Guinea area. Instruments showed the dis turbance to be about 10.300 miles away, beginning at 1:31 a.m., reach ing a maximum at 2:08 and ending at about 4 a.m. The disturbance also was record ed on the seismograph at Fordham University in New York, where of ficials reported it was “almost cer tainly” in the Dutch East Indies. Two additional shocks “not as strong as the recent Japanese one” also were recorded yesterday morn ing on the seismograph at the Cali fornia Institute of Technology at Pasadena. Late Bulletins 716 Killed by V-Bombs LONDON W.—German V bombs killed 716 persons and seriously injured 1,511 in the United Kingdom during No vember, the Ministry of Home Security announced tonight. Reds Reported in Budapest LONDON (ffL—Paris and Al giers broadcasts tonight said Red Army vanguards had en tered Budapest. (Earlier Story on Page A-7.) Bratcher Gets Four Years Everett M. (Washie) Bratch er, Washington band, leader convicted of evading the draft by the use of drugs, was sen tenced to four years in jail and a SI,000 fine by Judge Robert N. Pollard in Federal Court at Alexandria today. Judge Pollard overruled a mo tion for a new trial, but ad mitted Bratcher to $3,000 bail pending an appeal which his attorney said would be filed immediately. (Earlier Story on Page B-l.) WPB Will 'Borrow' Workers to Produce Battle-Front Weapons Loan of Manpower For 90 Days Sought In Industrial Centers RULING “FREEZES” MEN in their war plant jobs. Page A-3 Bv JAMES Y. NEWTON. A concerted drive in 100 in dustrial centers to “borrow” ; manpower for 90 days from com mercial establishments and serv ice trades, coupled with tighter draft regulations on less es sential work, were counted on | today by production officials to ; supply the 300,000 workers needed to bring munitions out put up to battle-front require ments. The plan to recruit workers for war plants on a loan basis from stores, banks and other civilian es tablishments was revealed by a War Production Board official shortly after War Mobilization Director Byrnes instructed Selective Service to renew induction of men aged 26 through 37 who are not employed in war essential jobs. Intensive surveys will be made of all civilian employment in the 114 areas where war manpower is short. Each employer of size will be re quested to “loan” a specified number of employes, probably 10 per cent in most instances, to manpower short war plants. Period of the loan will be 90 days, which is considered the duration of the currently critical war production situation. Women Also to Be Taken. On conclusion of the production emergency the “borrowed” workers will return to their old jobs. Women as well as men will be taken, since many jobs now open in war work can be performed by female labor. The campaign will be directed by local offices of the War Manpower Commission, assisted by WPB field workers and procurement officers of the Army and Navy. The high WPB official said he be lieved there are thousands of men and women in civilian work who will be glad to contribute directly to the war, especially for the short time they will be needed. He said a “patriotic appeal” will be made to employes and employers alike. Newspaper co-operation is counted on to “blast” recalcitrant employers with publicity should they refuse to go along with the program. Mr. Byrnes’ Instruction to Selec tive Service Director Lewis B. Her shey, which actually was a warning to older draft eligibles to seek em ployment in war industry or face induction into the armed forces, was counted on to cut down appreciably the huge labor turnover that has (See MANPOWER, Page A-4.) 12 Passengers Hurt In 'Olympian' Wreck Ly the Associated Press. WADSWORTH, 111., Dec. 11.—Nine coaches of the second section of the Milwaukee railroad’s Olympian, running as combination mail and day coach train between Chicago and Minneapolis, were derailed early today but each car remained erect and only 12 passengers were re ported injured. The train was traveling about 60 miles an hour when a burned-out journal box caused the derailment, railroad officials said. Only the en gine and the first car of the 10 coach train remained on the tracks. LULA, Ga., Dec. 11 (VP).—Southern Railway officials sought today to de termine the cause of a locomotive explosion which killed three train men near here yesterday. Eighteen cars of the freight were derailed and 10 of them burned, said Chief Dispatcher J. F. Avers at Greenville, S. C. Traffic was di verted over Seaboard Airline tracks while workmen removed the cebris. The train was en route from Green ville to Atlanta. Mr. Ayers identified the dead as Engineer J. G. Elliott, 56, of At lanta; Fireman J. R. McCombs, 37, of Easley, S. C., and Head Brakeman F. M. Rooks of Atlanta. Grip Tightened On Japs After Fall of Ormoc Yanks Destroying Thousands Caught In Narrow Pocket By the Associated Press. GEN. MacARTHUR’S HEAD QUARTERS, Philippines, Dec. 11. —Leyte Island’s strategic sea port of Ormoc was in American hands today—captured four days after surprise landings to the south:—and three columns of veteran Yanks put a nutcracker squeeze on thousands of Japa nese trapped in a narrow pocket by the action. Ormoc was seized in midafter noon yesterday by the American 77th Division, which launched the knockout attack in early morning from the town's outskirts after a quick drive from beachheads estab lished Thursday under naval and air cover. The American 7th Division was less than a mile from Ormoc after making contact at Albuera on the west coast with a column which came west over the hills from Bu rauen in Leyte Valley. In the cor ridor between these forces were thousands of Japanese facing de struction. Gen. MacArthur reported in his communique today: “Trapped and compressed into a narrow pocket by these three Allied columns, the enemy’s forces in the southern segment of the Yamashita line, although many thousands strong, are unable to extricate them selves. "They are being destroyed with little opportunity for effective re taliation.” Dean Schedler. Associated Press correspondent with the 77th Divi sion, wrote that Maj. Gen. Andrew Bruce's veteran outfit found oppo sition surprisingly light on securing a beachhead and, revising plans, im mediately pushed toward Ormoc along the coastal road, meeting only light pockets of resistance at first. Later strong dugouts and pillboxes had to be destroyed Capture of Ormoc represents a heavy blow to the Japanese. It was vital to the enemy as a re inforcement port for his troops in the Ormoc corridor running through mountain country from Ormoc to Carigara Bay on the north. This corridor, on the northwest shoulder of the island, is Japan's last effec tive grasp on Leyte, which Tokyo considers the key to the Philippines campaign. Small Port Still Held. The Japanese still have a small port facing the Visayan Sea. This is Palompon, 18 miles northwest of Ormoc. Ormoc’s seizure, wrote Associated Press Correspondent Murlin Spen cer, “does not mean the Leyte cam paign is concluded. “There is still much heavy fight ing to be done before Japanese forces both south and north of Ormoc are wiped out.” A1 Dopking of the Associated Press said the Japanese appeared to be retreating from the 7th Divi sion, but were expected to make a desperate, final stand. There was every indication the Japanese would make a fight for every inch of Leyte. American fighter planes were active in combat over the fighting zone, and bombers scored effective hits on Central Philippines shipping and airdromes. A total of 268 tons of explosives blasted runways and other airdrome installations on Cebu, Negros. Panay and Masbate islands in the Cen tral Philippines. Two freighters were sunk and three damaged. Heavy bombers raked the Brunei Bay waterfront at Borneo and hit the Miri petroleum refinery. Bombs and strafing set afire eight petro leum storage tanks, leaving a tower of black smoke 15,000 feet high. 5 Allied Ships Sunk, Jap Communique Claims By the Associated Press. Two large transports, a cruiser or large destroyer and two landing barges were rammed and sunk by Japanese airplanes in Surigao Strait southeast of Leyte Island in the Philippines, Japanese imperial head quarters claimed in a communique today. Destruction of a second cruiser or destroyer also was reported in the communique, recorded by the Fed eral Communications Commission and without Allied confirmation. Six planes of the Tanshin Aire unit of the special attack corps, the Japanese asserted, did all the dam age. Said the communique: “Instantaneously sunk: Two big transports, one cruiser or a big de stroyer and two landing barges. “Damaged and set afire: One big transport, one cruiser or big destroy er. The cruiser or big destroyer that had been damaged and set afire was sunk later by our escorting fighter planes.” Reich Coal Ration Cut WITH THE UNITED STATES 7th ARMY, Dec. 11 W.—This win ter the Germans will be allowed only one-fourth the amount of coal for private consumption that they received last winter, say reports reaching United States 7th Army headquarters. Movement Under Way Again on the Manpower Front Slattery Quits REA; Makes Heated Attack On Secretary Wickard Charges Agriculture Chief With Illegal Acts by Bypassing His Authority Secretary of Agriculture Wick ard has been guilty of “illegal acts’’ in connection with the ad ministration of the Rural Elec trification Administration, Harry Slattery, REA administrator since 1939, charged today shortly after the White House had announced Mr. Slattery’s resignation. The White House announcement said the resignation was effective as of last Friday. It was submitted to President Roosevelt on Novem ber 25, according to Mr. Slattery. No successor was named. In a statement issued from his suite in the Wardman Park Hotel, Mr. Slattery said the situation in REA “has become indefensible and increasingly intolerable.-’ He said he decided to leave the agency “fn order to carry this fight to the public,” inasmuch as “a presiden tial order forbids Federal officials to engage in public controversies.” “By-passed and Displaced Me.” Mr. Slattery accused Mr. Wickard of having "by-passed and displaced me” as REA administrator by in vesting most of the administrative powers in a deputy REA admin istrator. Mr. Slattery identified the deputy as William J. Neal. ■‘These actions are illegal and contrary to the REA Act,” Mr. Slat tery said. "They also jeopardize the repayment of Government loans and are dangerous to the welfare and permanent success of REA.” Mr. Slattery's departure from the REA ended a controversy with the White House which began more than a year ago. At one time last spring, the dispute revolving around Mr. Slattery caused an open breach be tween Congress and the White House when Jonathan Daniels, ad ministrative assistant to President Roosevelt, refused to testify before a Senate agriculture subcommittee. Later, Mr. Daniels changed his mind and told the committee that the President was not satisfied with the work Mr. Slattery was doing as REA head and that in June, 1943, he had offered the post to the lsfte Senator Norris, Independent, of Ne braska. Mr. Daniels denied efforts were being made at the time to get Mr. Slattery out of the country by offer ing him a diplomatic post abroad. He also told the subcommittee that (See SLATTERYTPage A-67) Kweichow Cleared Of Japs, Chinese Say By the Associated Press. CHUNGKING, Dec. 11.—Japanese forces have been expelled completely from Kweichow Province and driven back over the Kwangsi border, the Chinese high command announced tonight. Earlier, the Chinese said, one of two Japanese forces invading Kwei chow had been swept back across the border by Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek's forces, which recaptured Liuchai, just over the border in Kwangsi. This action left only the enemy column along the Yuyun-Ishan trail to be dealt with. The high command gave no de tails of the withdrawal of this column along the trail east of the Kweichow-Kwangsi Railroad which at one time reached a point less than 70 miles from Kweiyang, Burma Road capital of the prov ince. The communique announced only that enemy remnants around Llpo, 90 miles southeast of Kweiy ang, had been mopped up and Kweichow was now freed. Domei, Japanese news agency, in a Tokyo broadcast today, declared Imperial troops who invaded South ern China from French Indo-China November 28 had effected a junction with Japanese forces in Kwangsi Province and established an over land link running all the way from Manchuria to Malaya. The junction was effected yester day in the Kwangsi Province town of Suilu by Japanese who crossed the Indo-China border at Langson, said the broadcast. Marine Held in Berrum Case Also Indicted in Lagoon Slaying McFarland Charged In Fitzwater Murder, Holmes Absolved Marine Pfc. Earl McFarland, already charged with murdering an 18-year-old Government clerk in East Potomac Park on October 5, was formally accused by the District grand jury today of the Pentagon lagoon slaying 11 days earlier of Mrs. Margaret Fitz water, 63. j In returning the second murder I indictment against McFarland, the ; grand jury absolved Gardner ‘ Pop” Holmes, 66 - year - old restaurant ; worker, who had been charged with ! killing Mrs. Fitzwater. Holmes has | been in custody since several days ‘ after September 24, the Sunday the nude body of the widow was found j floating in the water near his make ] shift houseboat. I The 24-year-old marine, who is scheduled to go on trial in District | Court January 8 on the indictment j charging him with murder in the slaying of Miss Dorothy M. Berrum, EARL MCFARLAND. ! was first suspected of the Mrs. Fit? water murder almost Immediately after he was arrested in the Berrum (See McFarland, a-4.) Pentagon Fare Case Will Be Reviewed By Supreme Court Jurists Also Will Pass On District Mann Act Transportation Issue By J. A. FOX. The Government today won a point in the fight to obtain lower bus fares for thousands of Dis trict residents employed in de partmental buildings in nearby Virginia when the Supreme Court agreed to review the decision of a three-judge District court en joining the Interstate Commerce Commission from making re duced rates effective. In another local case the Supreme Court agreed to decide whether the Mann Act forbids the trans portation of a woman solely within the District of Columbia for pur poses of prostitution. The Court of Appeals has held that the offense is punishable under local statutes and not under the Federal law—a ruling serving to block Mann Act prosecutions here unless the Su preme Court overrules it. The next step in the bus fare case is for it to be set down for argu ment before the Supreme Court. Four Lines Involved. The lower court held that the ICC was without authority in or dering a schedule calling for 10 cent cash fares or 8V2-cent com mutation fares between the District and the Pentagon Building area. Lines involved are the Capital Transit, Alexandria, Barcroft & Washington Transit Co.; Arlington and Fairfax Motor Transportation Co. and the Washington, Virginia and Maryland Coach Co., Inc. The commission order entailed a reduc tion of from It* cents to 5 cents a trip and would relieve Capital Transit riders of paying an extra nickel. In appealing to the Supreme Court the Justice Department said the commission had found the nearby installations constituted the “nerve center of the war effort in this country,’’ and that the present (See SUPREME COURT, Page A-4.) Snow and Rain Forecast For D. C. Vicinity Tonight Washington and vicinity are to be treated to a mixture of snow and rain some time tonight, it was pre dicted today by the official weatner forecaster. The temperature was ex pected to remain around 35 degrees for the next 24 hours. Today’s cloudiness will continue and the slight wind will increase in force, it was forecast. In Southwest Virginia snow fell early today and in some sections a blanket of from 3 or 4 inches cov ered the ground and the highways, causing State highway officials to warn motorists to use chains. Trucks were assigned to spread cinders at dangerous spots In the highways. I 'E' Bond Sales Pass Halfway Mark as Final Week Starts Corporation Purchases Help District Raise 107.9 Pet. of Quota Sales of series "E” bonds in the District’s Sixth War Loan drive went over the 50 per cent mark in today’s report. Drive leaders were somewhat cheered by the increase, but pointed out that sales this week still have a long way to go if the District is to meet its “E” bond quota by Saturday, when the drive offi cially ends. The new total in "E” sales is $16,100,000. an increase of $1,300,000 over the week end. bringing sales to 53.7 per cent of the $30,000,000 “E” bond quota. Over-all sales in the local drive for $94,000,000 are now $101,400,000. or 107.9 per cent of the quota, while corporations have now bought half again as much as they were sched uled to buy—with a total of $72,000, 000. or 150 per cent of their $48, 000,000 quota. Individual Total Rises. Total sales to individuals, includ ing "E” bonds and bonds of larger issue sold to individuals, are up $2, 100,000 to $29,400,000 or 63.9 per cent of their $46,000,000 quota. As the District entered the final week of the drive leaders urged bond salesmen to concentrate solely on the untapped supply of small income buyers ■who are not meeting their quota. The money is in the pockets of the people, drive leaders declared, and if the District is to back up troops overseas, it mu§t be invested in bonds. Oversubscription of the drive ‘‘will help to provide the overwhelming superiority of equipment over the enemy that our forces must have if they are to win victory at the earli est possible moment and at the least cost in lives,” Secretary of State Stettinius reminded the Nation in a statement today. “It will do some thing more—it will provide another demonstration of the unfaltering de termination of the whole American people to place the winning of the war and the winning of the peace above all else.” “The men on the front lines are fighting and dying for us. To keep faith with our men is for us at home (See WAR BONDS, Page A-6.) Panamanian Minister Officially Greeted Here Ej the Associated Press. Foreign Minister Samuel Lewis of Panama arrived here today on an official visit to the United States as a guest of the State Department. He was met at Union Station by representatives of the State Depart ment, the Pan American Union and the Panamanian Embassy and es corted to Blair House. Raise for U. S. Workers Asked By Civil Service Permanent Overtime Law Suggested in Report to Congress The United States Civil Service Commission today urged Con gress to raise the basic pay rates of Government employes and enact a permanent overtime pay law. In its annual report, transmitted to Congress by President Roosevelt, the Commission also recommended that: 1. After the war. all Federal em ployes required to work on national holidays should be paid for such work at 1% times the rate for or dinary days. 2. Salaried Federal workers should be eligible for pay increases every 12 months in the lower-salaried groups and every 18 months in the higher-salaried groups, instead of every 18 and 30 months as at present. Severance Pay Recommended. 3. Federal employes should be made eligible for unemployment compensation benefits, or else given a 90-day dismissal wage. 4. The time limit for a war vet eran making application for re-em ployment should be extended from 40 days to 90 days after his dis charge from the armed forces, or from hospitalization after discharge for a period of not more than one year. The commission postponed sub mission of a review of its work, tra ditional in any report to Congress by a Federal agency, in order to give emphasis to its recommenda tions which, it declared, "should be out into effect at once.” Asserting that the Federal Gov ernment "must be the most progres sive employer in the Nation,” the report declared that upward revi sion of basic pay rates is necessary' to “attract and hold personnel whose qualifications are above question.’’ Kates Not Raised m War. It recommended “an immediate re-examination of basic rates of pay for salaried employes in order to de termine what adjustments should be made as a result of the increases over a period of the past several years, in the cost of living.” The report pointed out that basic pay rates for most salaried Federal positions have not been increased I since the war. I Conceding that the Government j never can expect to compete on an i equal basis so far as salaries are j concerned with private employes in j attracting high-grade personnel, the j commission said that “persons who are willing to make monetary7 sacri fices in return for the privilege of serving all the people” in Govern ment work should not “be expected to stand by and not receive adjust ments in their basic pay structure in order to compensate for increases in the cost of living.” Pointing out that the present overtime pay law expires next June 30. the Commission urged that be fore then permanent legislation be enacted to: 1. “Authorize additional pay at ~ SelTciviL SERVICE. Page A-6.) Reds Expel Four Members Of OSS From Bulgaria By the Associated Press. ISTANBUL, Dec. 10 (Delayed).— The Russians have expelled a four man United States Office of Strate gic Services team from Bulgaria for the second time since Bulgaria’s surrender. Allowed to return after an earlier expulsion, the four were told they must leave on the same grounds as before—that they were not of ficially accredited by the Russians. On October 2 Cordell Hull, then Secretary of State, said an Allied military mission had been ejected from Bulgaria by a Russian com mander, but that he believed the difficulty was straightened out and that the mission would re-enter the country as a result of arrange ments by Washington and London with Moscow. The mission went to Bulgaria to handle Anglo-American interests. Some authorities in Washington said the Russian military commander had not been properly advised. Operation Necessary On Beaten Woman Nelson O. Sipe, 35, of 1402 Fif teenth street N.W., held in a $1,000 bond on a charge of assault with a dangerous weapon on his wife, Mrs. Mary Lou Sipe, 23, an ex pectant mother, today was es corted to Gallinger Hospital by United States marshals, where he gave legal consent for an emergency operation on his wife, made neces sary by the beating he js accused of administering. ' Hospital attaches reported Mrs. Sipes condition is “quite serious.’’ She is suffering from a possible fracture of the skull, a ruptured eardrum and internal injuries. The case against Sipe was con tinued in Municipal Court until January 11 pending outcome of Mrs. Sipe’s condition. It was during his arraignment that an officer ap peared to advise the court that hos- • pital authorities had telephoned to request his consent for the operation on his wife. Police said Mrs. Sipe was found on the sidewalk in front of her home last night at 10:30 o'clock, following an altercation which neighbors said had continued from 6 p.m. until 10:30. At the hospital she told investigating police that her husband had beaten her with his fists, a camera, a tin cup and several china plates. Mrs. Sipe was found by a soldier when she stag gered from the house and collapsed. Police said the Sipe apartment was littered with broken dishes and overturned furnishings when they went to arrest him.