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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 11, 1944, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Rain or wet snow, ending tomorrow
morning; windy, cold tomorrow.
Temperatures today—Highest, 35, at*
noon; lowest, 28, at 5:50 a.m. Yes
terday—Highest, 42, at 3:20 p.m.; I
lowest, 28, at 8:35 a.m. !
Late New York Markets, Page A-15.
Guide for Readers
Page.
Amusements ..A-16
Comics ...B-14-15
Editorials .A-9
Edlt’l Articles _. A-9
Finance .A-6
Lost and Found, A-3
Page.
Obituary.A-10
Radio .B-15
Society ..B-3
Sports -A-12-13
Where to G0...B-8
Women’s Page, B-10
An Associated Press Newspaper
92d YEAR. No. 36,748.
_WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, DECEMBER 11, 1944—THIRTY-TWO PAGES. ★★★
City Borne Delivery, Dally and Sunday er nnvTrrn
SOc a Month. When 6 Sundays, 91.00. e> 1; Ti IS)
First Army Closes In on Duren;
Two More Roer Towns Occupied;
Patton Meets 11 Counterattacks
Yanks Advance
1 Vi Miles Along
Super Highway
BULLETIN.
' WITH THE AMERICAN 7th
ARMY IN ALSACE (IP).—
Haguenau, important com
munications and supply city
18 miles north of Strasbourg,
fell to American troops today.
(Map on Page A-4.)
By the Associated Press.
PARIS, Dec. 11.—American 1st
Army troops today drove within
2y2 miles of the Roer River cita
del of Duren and advanced IV2
miles along the Aachen-Cologne
superhighway to Merken, 17
miles inside Germany and the
deepest point of conquest.
Lt. Gen. Courtney H. Hodges' shock
troops in fresh snowfall fought to
ward the flooded Roer on a 10-mile
front.
Dhom, 3 miles west, and Echtz,
2t* miles northwest of Duren, top
pled. Nearby Geich. Obergeich and
Strass were taken yesterday.
Street fighting raged in at least
five villages, the farthest of which
was 5 miles from Duren. These
were Pier, Merken, Gey, Merode and
Schafberg. The Germans employed
dug-in tanks and self-propelled guns
at Gey.
11 Enemy Counterattacks.
On the Saarland front to the
south, Lt. Gen. George S. Patton's
3d Army fought amid Siegfried Line
defenses at Dillingen and Saarlau
tern, encountering ever-stiffening
resistance which took on a fanatical
character. Tanks and guns fired at
the Americans from vantage points
inside buildings and factories. In
fantry was buried under rubble
heaps left in the wake of Allied air
forces.
Eleven enemy counterattacks have
been launched in this area in the
last two days. Three came at Dil- \
lingen before dawn today. In one
of these 85 Germans made a charge,
shouting “Heil Hitler!” Every Nazi
was killed.
During Sunday, Gen. Patton's 95th
Division reported cleaning out 25
pillboxes, 30 fortified buildings and
several dug-in tanks inside Saar
lautern, which the Americans half
won eight days ago. Third Army
men also fought in the streets of
Roden and Fraulautern beyond
Saarlautern and in Sarreguemines.
At Merken, the 1st Armv was
within 22 miles of Cologne and
astride the main highway which
the Germans call an autobahn. The
road crosses the Roer 3 miles north
of Duren, a key city of 39.000. and
then debouches into lesser roads in
the flat rolling approaches to
Cologne.
Force Way to Haguenau.
On Gen. Patton's right. Lt. Gen.
Alexander M. Patch’s 7th Army was
at grips with the Germans on the
east side of the big French base of
Haguenau. into which the 79th In
fantry Division forced its way yes
terday. Heavy fighting raged at
several places in the Haguenau area,
including the streets of Reichshof
fen. a mile south of Niederbronn.
The 1st Army slogged through
Dhorn. The Germans had vacated
this village as well as Obergeich and
Echtz. Tanks played a prominent
part in the new thrust.
To the north, other infantry for
mations still fought in the streets
of Pier, 5 miles northwest of Du
ren, where the Germans had tanks.
Enemy armor also guarded the ap
proaches to Schophoven, where
American infantry last was reported
500 yards away.
The 1st Army opened a new pre
dawn attack at 4:30 a m. from the
vicinity of Lucherberg and covered
2,000 yards, reaching the outskirts
of Merken, close to the flooded Roer
and 3’2 miles northwest of Duren.
Still Fighting in Gey.
Contrary to reports late yesterday
that Gey, 4 miles southwest of
Duren, had been cleaned out. the
Americans still were fighting for
each house in that village.
Below Gey, the Germans in the
first light today launched a counter
attack against Americans holding
Strass. Front reports said the
doughboys were holding the thrust.
The 35th and 26th Infantry Divi
sions of the 3d Army extended their
lines in the center of the Western
Front east of Sarreguemines, squeez
ing the Germans from some of the
last bits of France in that sector.
No further progress was reported
either toward the Saarland capital
of Saarbrucken. 3 miles or so from
American troops, or inside the near
by French rail center of Forbach.
A front dispatch said the 3d Army
held only about a fifth of Dillingen,
One additional man from the
District area has been re
ported killed in this war. See
“On the Honor Roll," Page A-2.
(See WESTERN FRONT, Page A-4:)
Charles Town Results
FIRST RACE—-Purse. $600: 3-year-olds
and up; claiming about 4% furlongs
Edmar Jojan iEdansi 6.00 4.00 4.00
Sir Islam (Lavoie! 7 00 5 °o
Not Alone (Guyton) S'ln
Time—0:52.
Also ran—Patland. Uncle Ol, Rainbow.
Tenderfoot, Come High.
SECOND RACE—Purse. $700: 2-year
olds; allowances: Charles Town course
Patience (Duffordi 7.20 4 ’0 -'60
Scot Sun (W. Kirlt) J1 40 400
Proud Pappy (Denton) •> 4,1
Time—1.22%.
Also ran—Schley Pete. Bidema, Jene
Siam, General Knight. V Day
(Daily Double paid $21.60.)
THIRD RACE—Purse. $700: 4-year-olds
up; claiming: Charles Town course.
Ultima Thule (Edens) 10.40 6.40 3 80
Van Tryst (Kirkpatrick) 6 20 3 80
Wayuma (Rose) 3 00
Time, 1:21%.
Also ran—Rolls Rough, Daring, Nick,
Bright and Early, Over Gold.
-*
Hunger and Threat of Epidemics
Heighten Turmoil in Athens
ELAS Concentrations Around City Attacked
By Big British Bombers for First Time
By the Associated Press.
ATHENS, Dec. 11.—Acute food
shortages and the imminent
danger of epidemics threatened
Athens today as British heavy
bombers for the first time in the
week-long civil struggle attacked
ELAS concentrations around the
city.
RAP Wellingtons and cannon-fir
ing Spitfires joined the sanguinary
fighting—already reported to have
cost the leftists 1,500 killed and 2,500
wounded—after an ELAS attack
supported by mortars and artillery
had been repelled yesterday by Brit
ish troops using tanks and field
guns.
Several shells fired from ELAS
positions fell near British head
quarters on the eastern outskirts of
the city. Sniper bullets struck the
Grande Bretagne Hotel, temporary
seat of the Greek government on
Constitution Square. One 75-milli
meter shell struck British head
quarters. The British replied with
artillery and mortars.
Heavy rain curtailed action during
the night, but fires started by shell
fire still were smoking today on the
northern slopes of the Acropolis.
All unloading of relief ships at
Piraeus, port of Athens, was at a
standstill and UNRRA attempts to
organize soup kitchens to relieve
the stricken civilian population so
far had failed. Large numbers of
dead were still awaiting burial.
Strong forces of both sides were
massed as efforts to mediate the
crisis appeared to be meeting little
success. The ELAS, armed militia
of the left-wing EAM political party,
<See GREECE, Page A-6.1
1,600 U. S. Bombers
Drop 6,C33Tonson
Reich Rail Centers
Co-ordinated Operation
By 3 Air Forces Shakes
Varied German Targets
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, Dec. 11. — Sixteen
hundred American heavy bomb
ers and 800 fighters—the great
est fleet of four-engined craft
ever mounted in aerial warfare—
today raided Western Germany’s
rail centers with 6,000 tons of
explosives.
The Fortress and Liberator fleet
from the Britain-based United
States 8th Air Force was part of
a co-ordinated operation that shook
the Reich with heavy bombers from
all three air forces in the European
theater.
British Lancasters and Mosquitos
jolted three German cities in the
Ruhr before noon. Rail yards and a
fuel plant at Osterfeld and refineries
at Meiderick and Bruckhausen were
the targets?
Berlin radio reported bombers
from the United States 15th Air
Force over Austria and headed
toward Southern Germany — the
third raid from Italy in three days.
17,000 Men Over Reich.
The size of the British-based force
meant that almost 17,000 pilots,
navigators, bombardiers and gun
ners were in the skies over Ger
many.
An 8th Air Force spokesman said
every main rail line leading from
industrial centers in Central and
Southwestern Germany to German
defenses in the west had been ripped
apart by British and American
bombs in the last week.
Today the 8th Air Force heavies
bombed the main line rail centers
of Frankfurt, nearby Hanau and
Giessen.
One fighter group left the bombers
and dived down to explode eight
locomotives near Kassel.
All the targets were obscured in
cloud and bombing was by instru
ment.
'Moderate' Earthquake
In Pacific Recorded Here
The Georgetown University seis
mograph yesterday recorded an
earthquake which seismologists said
was “moderate" in intensity and
probably occurred in the New Guinea
area. Instruments showed the dis
turbance to be about 10.300 miles
away, beginning at 1:31 a.m., reach
ing a maximum at 2:08 and ending
at about 4 a.m.
The disturbance also was record
ed on the seismograph at Fordham
University in New York, where of
ficials reported it was “almost cer
tainly” in the Dutch East Indies.
Two additional shocks “not as
strong as the recent Japanese one”
also were recorded yesterday morn
ing on the seismograph at the Cali
fornia Institute of Technology at
Pasadena.
Late Bulletins
716 Killed by V-Bombs
LONDON W.—German V
bombs killed 716 persons and
seriously injured 1,511 in the
United Kingdom during No
vember, the Ministry of Home
Security announced tonight.
Reds Reported in Budapest
LONDON (ffL—Paris and Al
giers broadcasts tonight said
Red Army vanguards had en
tered Budapest.
(Earlier Story on Page A-7.)
Bratcher Gets Four Years
Everett M. (Washie) Bratch
er, Washington band, leader
convicted of evading the draft
by the use of drugs, was sen
tenced to four years in jail
and a SI,000 fine by Judge
Robert N. Pollard in Federal
Court at Alexandria today.
Judge Pollard overruled a mo
tion for a new trial, but ad
mitted Bratcher to $3,000 bail
pending an appeal which his
attorney said would be filed
immediately.
(Earlier Story on Page B-l.)
WPB Will 'Borrow'
Workers to Produce
Battle-Front Weapons
Loan of Manpower
For 90 Days Sought
In Industrial Centers
RULING “FREEZES” MEN in their
war plant jobs. Page A-3
Bv JAMES Y. NEWTON.
A concerted drive in 100 in
dustrial centers to “borrow”
; manpower for 90 days from com
mercial establishments and serv
ice trades, coupled with tighter
draft regulations on less es
sential work, were counted on
| today by production officials to
; supply the 300,000 workers
needed to bring munitions out
put up to battle-front require
ments.
The plan to recruit workers for
war plants on a loan basis from
stores, banks and other civilian es
tablishments was revealed by a War
Production Board official shortly
after War Mobilization Director
Byrnes instructed Selective Service
to renew induction of men aged 26
through 37 who are not employed in
war essential jobs.
Intensive surveys will be made of
all civilian employment in the 114
areas where war manpower is short.
Each employer of size will be re
quested to “loan” a specified number
of employes, probably 10 per cent
in most instances, to manpower short
war plants. Period of the loan will
be 90 days, which is considered the
duration of the currently critical
war production situation.
Women Also to Be Taken.
On conclusion of the production
emergency the “borrowed” workers
will return to their old jobs. Women
as well as men will be taken, since
many jobs now open in war work
can be performed by female labor.
The campaign will be directed by
local offices of the War Manpower
Commission, assisted by WPB field
workers and procurement officers of
the Army and Navy.
The high WPB official said he be
lieved there are thousands of men
and women in civilian work who will
be glad to contribute directly to the
war, especially for the short time
they will be needed. He said a
“patriotic appeal” will be made to
employes and employers alike.
Newspaper co-operation is counted
on to “blast” recalcitrant employers
with publicity should they refuse to
go along with the program.
Mr. Byrnes’ Instruction to Selec
tive Service Director Lewis B. Her
shey, which actually was a warning
to older draft eligibles to seek em
ployment in war industry or face
induction into the armed forces, was
counted on to cut down appreciably
the huge labor turnover that has
(See MANPOWER, Page A-4.)
12 Passengers Hurt
In 'Olympian' Wreck
Ly the Associated Press.
WADSWORTH, 111., Dec. 11.—Nine
coaches of the second section of the
Milwaukee railroad’s Olympian,
running as combination mail and
day coach train between Chicago
and Minneapolis, were derailed early
today but each car remained erect
and only 12 passengers were re
ported injured.
The train was traveling about 60
miles an hour when a burned-out
journal box caused the derailment,
railroad officials said. Only the en
gine and the first car of the 10
coach train remained on the tracks.
LULA, Ga., Dec. 11 (VP).—Southern
Railway officials sought today to de
termine the cause of a locomotive
explosion which killed three train
men near here yesterday.
Eighteen cars of the freight were
derailed and 10 of them burned, said
Chief Dispatcher J. F. Avers at
Greenville, S. C. Traffic was di
verted over Seaboard Airline tracks
while workmen removed the cebris.
The train was en route from Green
ville to Atlanta.
Mr. Ayers identified the dead as
Engineer J. G. Elliott, 56, of At
lanta; Fireman J. R. McCombs, 37,
of Easley, S. C., and Head Brakeman
F. M. Rooks of Atlanta.
Grip Tightened
On Japs After
Fall of Ormoc
Yanks Destroying
Thousands Caught
In Narrow Pocket
By the Associated Press.
GEN. MacARTHUR’S HEAD
QUARTERS, Philippines, Dec. 11.
—Leyte Island’s strategic sea
port of Ormoc was in American
hands today—captured four days
after surprise landings to the
south:—and three columns of
veteran Yanks put a nutcracker
squeeze on thousands of Japa
nese trapped in a narrow pocket
by the action.
Ormoc was seized in midafter
noon yesterday by the American
77th Division, which launched the
knockout attack in early morning
from the town's outskirts after a
quick drive from beachheads estab
lished Thursday under naval and air
cover.
The American 7th Division was
less than a mile from Ormoc after
making contact at Albuera on the
west coast with a column which
came west over the hills from Bu
rauen in Leyte Valley. In the cor
ridor between these forces were
thousands of Japanese facing de
struction.
Gen. MacArthur reported in his
communique today:
“Trapped and compressed into a
narrow pocket by these three Allied
columns, the enemy’s forces in the
southern segment of the Yamashita
line, although many thousands
strong, are unable to extricate them
selves.
"They are being destroyed with
little opportunity for effective re
taliation.”
Dean Schedler. Associated Press
correspondent with the 77th Divi
sion, wrote that Maj. Gen. Andrew
Bruce's veteran outfit found oppo
sition surprisingly light on securing
a beachhead and, revising plans, im
mediately pushed toward Ormoc
along the coastal road, meeting only
light pockets of resistance at first.
Later strong dugouts and pillboxes
had to be destroyed
Capture of Ormoc represents a
heavy blow to the Japanese. It
was vital to the enemy as a re
inforcement port for his troops in
the Ormoc corridor running through
mountain country from Ormoc to
Carigara Bay on the north. This
corridor, on the northwest shoulder
of the island, is Japan's last effec
tive grasp on Leyte, which Tokyo
considers the key to the Philippines
campaign.
Small Port Still Held.
The Japanese still have a small
port facing the Visayan Sea. This
is Palompon, 18 miles northwest of
Ormoc.
Ormoc’s seizure, wrote Associated
Press Correspondent Murlin Spen
cer, “does not mean the Leyte cam
paign is concluded.
“There is still much heavy fight
ing to be done before Japanese
forces both south and north of
Ormoc are wiped out.”
A1 Dopking of the Associated
Press said the Japanese appeared
to be retreating from the 7th Divi
sion, but were expected to make a
desperate, final stand.
There was every indication the
Japanese would make a fight for
every inch of Leyte.
American fighter planes were
active in combat over the fighting
zone, and bombers scored effective
hits on Central Philippines shipping
and airdromes.
A total of 268 tons of explosives
blasted runways and other airdrome
installations on Cebu, Negros. Panay
and Masbate islands in the Cen
tral Philippines. Two freighters
were sunk and three damaged.
Heavy bombers raked the Brunei
Bay waterfront at Borneo and hit
the Miri petroleum refinery. Bombs
and strafing set afire eight petro
leum storage tanks, leaving a tower
of black smoke 15,000 feet high.
5 Allied Ships Sunk,
Jap Communique Claims
By the Associated Press.
Two large transports, a cruiser or
large destroyer and two landing
barges were rammed and sunk by
Japanese airplanes in Surigao Strait
southeast of Leyte Island in the
Philippines, Japanese imperial head
quarters claimed in a communique
today.
Destruction of a second cruiser or
destroyer also was reported in the
communique, recorded by the Fed
eral Communications Commission
and without Allied confirmation.
Six planes of the Tanshin Aire
unit of the special attack corps, the
Japanese asserted, did all the dam
age.
Said the communique:
“Instantaneously sunk: Two big
transports, one cruiser or a big de
stroyer and two landing barges.
“Damaged and set afire: One big
transport, one cruiser or big destroy
er. The cruiser or big destroyer that
had been damaged and set afire was
sunk later by our escorting fighter
planes.”
Reich Coal Ration Cut
WITH THE UNITED STATES
7th ARMY, Dec. 11 W.—This win
ter the Germans will be allowed
only one-fourth the amount of coal
for private consumption that they
received last winter, say reports
reaching United States 7th Army
headquarters.
Movement Under Way Again on the Manpower Front
Slattery Quits REA;
Makes Heated Attack
On Secretary Wickard
Charges Agriculture Chief
With Illegal Acts by
Bypassing His Authority
Secretary of Agriculture Wick
ard has been guilty of “illegal
acts’’ in connection with the ad
ministration of the Rural Elec
trification Administration, Harry
Slattery, REA administrator since
1939, charged today shortly after
the White House had announced
Mr. Slattery’s resignation.
The White House announcement
said the resignation was effective
as of last Friday. It was submitted
to President Roosevelt on Novem
ber 25, according to Mr. Slattery.
No successor was named.
In a statement issued from his
suite in the Wardman Park Hotel,
Mr. Slattery said the situation in
REA “has become indefensible and
increasingly intolerable.-’ He said
he decided to leave the agency “fn
order to carry this fight to the
public,” inasmuch as “a presiden
tial order forbids Federal officials to
engage in public controversies.”
“By-passed and Displaced Me.”
Mr. Slattery accused Mr. Wickard
of having "by-passed and displaced
me” as REA administrator by in
vesting most of the administrative
powers in a deputy REA admin
istrator. Mr. Slattery identified the
deputy as William J. Neal.
■‘These actions are illegal and
contrary to the REA Act,” Mr. Slat
tery said. "They also jeopardize
the repayment of Government loans
and are dangerous to the welfare
and permanent success of REA.”
Mr. Slattery's departure from the
REA ended a controversy with the
White House which began more than
a year ago. At one time last spring,
the dispute revolving around Mr.
Slattery caused an open breach be
tween Congress and the White
House when Jonathan Daniels, ad
ministrative assistant to President
Roosevelt, refused to testify before
a Senate agriculture subcommittee.
Later, Mr. Daniels changed his
mind and told the committee that
the President was not satisfied with
the work Mr. Slattery was doing as
REA head and that in June, 1943,
he had offered the post to the lsfte
Senator Norris, Independent, of Ne
braska.
Mr. Daniels denied efforts were
being made at the time to get Mr.
Slattery out of the country by offer
ing him a diplomatic post abroad.
He also told the subcommittee that
(See SLATTERYTPage A-67)
Kweichow Cleared
Of Japs, Chinese Say
By the Associated Press.
CHUNGKING, Dec. 11.—Japanese
forces have been expelled completely
from Kweichow Province and driven
back over the Kwangsi border, the
Chinese high command announced
tonight.
Earlier, the Chinese said, one of
two Japanese forces invading Kwei
chow had been swept back across
the border by Generalissimo Chiang
Kai-shek's forces, which recaptured
Liuchai, just over the border in
Kwangsi.
This action left only the enemy
column along the Yuyun-Ishan trail
to be dealt with.
The high command gave no de
tails of the withdrawal of this
column along the trail east of the
Kweichow-Kwangsi Railroad which
at one time reached a point less
than 70 miles from Kweiyang,
Burma Road capital of the prov
ince. The communique announced
only that enemy remnants around
Llpo, 90 miles southeast of Kweiy
ang, had been mopped up and
Kweichow was now freed.
Domei, Japanese news agency, in
a Tokyo broadcast today, declared
Imperial troops who invaded South
ern China from French Indo-China
November 28 had effected a junction
with Japanese forces in Kwangsi
Province and established an over
land link running all the way from
Manchuria to Malaya.
The junction was effected yester
day in the Kwangsi Province town
of Suilu by Japanese who crossed
the Indo-China border at Langson,
said the broadcast.
Marine Held in Berrum Case
Also Indicted in Lagoon Slaying
McFarland Charged
In Fitzwater Murder,
Holmes Absolved
Marine Pfc. Earl McFarland,
already charged with murdering
an 18-year-old Government clerk
in East Potomac Park on October
5, was formally accused by the
District grand jury today of the
Pentagon lagoon slaying 11 days
earlier of Mrs. Margaret Fitz
water, 63.
j In returning the second murder
I indictment against McFarland, the
; grand jury absolved Gardner ‘ Pop”
Holmes, 66 - year - old restaurant
; worker, who had been charged with
! killing Mrs. Fitzwater. Holmes has
| been in custody since several days
‘ after September 24, the Sunday the
nude body of the widow was found
j floating in the water near his make
] shift houseboat.
I The 24-year-old marine, who is
scheduled to go on trial in District
| Court January 8 on the indictment
j charging him with murder in the
slaying of Miss Dorothy M. Berrum,
EARL MCFARLAND.
! was first suspected of the Mrs. Fit?
water murder almost Immediately
after he was arrested in the Berrum
(See McFarland, a-4.)
Pentagon Fare Case
Will Be Reviewed
By Supreme Court
Jurists Also Will Pass
On District Mann Act
Transportation Issue
By J. A. FOX.
The Government today won a
point in the fight to obtain lower
bus fares for thousands of Dis
trict residents employed in de
partmental buildings in nearby
Virginia when the Supreme Court
agreed to review the decision of
a three-judge District court en
joining the Interstate Commerce
Commission from making re
duced rates effective.
In another local case the Supreme
Court agreed to decide whether
the Mann Act forbids the trans
portation of a woman solely within
the District of Columbia for pur
poses of prostitution. The Court
of Appeals has held that the offense
is punishable under local statutes
and not under the Federal law—a
ruling serving to block Mann Act
prosecutions here unless the Su
preme Court overrules it.
The next step in the bus fare case
is for it to be set down for argu
ment before the Supreme Court.
Four Lines Involved.
The lower court held that the
ICC was without authority in or
dering a schedule calling for 10
cent cash fares or 8V2-cent com
mutation fares between the District
and the Pentagon Building area.
Lines involved are the Capital
Transit, Alexandria, Barcroft &
Washington Transit Co.; Arlington
and Fairfax Motor Transportation
Co. and the Washington, Virginia
and Maryland Coach Co., Inc. The
commission order entailed a reduc
tion of from It* cents to 5 cents a
trip and would relieve Capital
Transit riders of paying an extra
nickel.
In appealing to the Supreme
Court the Justice Department said
the commission had found the
nearby installations constituted the
“nerve center of the war effort in
this country,’’ and that the present
(See SUPREME COURT, Page A-4.)
Snow and Rain Forecast
For D. C. Vicinity Tonight
Washington and vicinity are to be
treated to a mixture of snow and
rain some time tonight, it was pre
dicted today by the official weatner
forecaster. The temperature was ex
pected to remain around 35 degrees
for the next 24 hours. Today’s
cloudiness will continue and the
slight wind will increase in force, it
was forecast.
In Southwest Virginia snow fell
early today and in some sections a
blanket of from 3 or 4 inches cov
ered the ground and the highways,
causing State highway officials to
warn motorists to use chains. Trucks
were assigned to spread cinders at
dangerous spots In the highways. I
'E' Bond Sales Pass
Halfway Mark as
Final Week Starts
Corporation Purchases
Help District Raise
107.9 Pet. of Quota
Sales of series "E” bonds in
the District’s Sixth War Loan
drive went over the 50 per cent
mark in today’s report. Drive
leaders were somewhat cheered
by the increase, but pointed out
that sales this week still have a
long way to go if the District is
to meet its “E” bond quota by
Saturday, when the drive offi
cially ends.
The new total in "E” sales is
$16,100,000. an increase of $1,300,000
over the week end. bringing sales to
53.7 per cent of the $30,000,000 “E”
bond quota.
Over-all sales in the local drive
for $94,000,000 are now $101,400,000.
or 107.9 per cent of the quota, while
corporations have now bought half
again as much as they were sched
uled to buy—with a total of $72,000,
000. or 150 per cent of their $48,
000,000 quota.
Individual Total Rises.
Total sales to individuals, includ
ing "E” bonds and bonds of larger
issue sold to individuals, are up $2,
100,000 to $29,400,000 or 63.9 per cent
of their $46,000,000 quota.
As the District entered the final
week of the drive leaders urged
bond salesmen to concentrate solely
on the untapped supply of small
income buyers ■who are not meeting
their quota.
The money is in the pockets of
the people, drive leaders declared,
and if the District is to back up
troops overseas, it mu§t be invested
in bonds.
Oversubscription of the drive ‘‘will
help to provide the overwhelming
superiority of equipment over the
enemy that our forces must have if
they are to win victory at the earli
est possible moment and at the least
cost in lives,” Secretary of State
Stettinius reminded the Nation in a
statement today. “It will do some
thing more—it will provide another
demonstration of the unfaltering de
termination of the whole American
people to place the winning of the
war and the winning of the peace
above all else.”
“The men on the front lines are
fighting and dying for us. To keep
faith with our men is for us at home
(See WAR BONDS, Page A-6.)
Panamanian Minister
Officially Greeted Here
Ej the Associated Press.
Foreign Minister Samuel Lewis of
Panama arrived here today on an
official visit to the United States as
a guest of the State Department.
He was met at Union Station by
representatives of the State Depart
ment, the Pan American Union and
the Panamanian Embassy and es
corted to Blair House.
Raise for U. S.
Workers Asked
By Civil Service
Permanent Overtime
Law Suggested in
Report to Congress
The United States Civil Service
Commission today urged Con
gress to raise the basic pay rates
of Government employes and
enact a permanent overtime pay
law.
In its annual report, transmitted
to Congress by President Roosevelt,
the Commission also recommended
that:
1. After the war. all Federal em
ployes required to work on national
holidays should be paid for such
work at 1% times the rate for or
dinary days.
2. Salaried Federal workers should
be eligible for pay increases every
12 months in the lower-salaried
groups and every 18 months in the
higher-salaried groups, instead of
every 18 and 30 months as at present.
Severance Pay Recommended.
3. Federal employes should be
made eligible for unemployment
compensation benefits, or else given
a 90-day dismissal wage.
4. The time limit for a war vet
eran making application for re-em
ployment should be extended from
40 days to 90 days after his dis
charge from the armed forces, or
from hospitalization after discharge
for a period of not more than one
year.
The commission postponed sub
mission of a review of its work, tra
ditional in any report to Congress
by a Federal agency, in order to
give emphasis to its recommenda
tions which, it declared, "should be
out into effect at once.”
Asserting that the Federal Gov
ernment "must be the most progres
sive employer in the Nation,” the
report declared that upward revi
sion of basic pay rates is necessary'
to “attract and hold personnel whose
qualifications are above question.’’
Kates Not Raised m War.
It recommended “an immediate
re-examination of basic rates of pay
for salaried employes in order to de
termine what adjustments should be
made as a result of the increases
over a period of the past several
years, in the cost of living.”
The report pointed out that basic
pay rates for most salaried Federal
positions have not been increased
I since the war.
I Conceding that the Government
j never can expect to compete on an
i equal basis so far as salaries are
j concerned with private employes in
j attracting high-grade personnel, the
j commission said that “persons who
are willing to make monetary7 sacri
fices in return for the privilege of
serving all the people” in Govern
ment work should not “be expected
to stand by and not receive adjust
ments in their basic pay structure in
order to compensate for increases in
the cost of living.”
Pointing out that the present
overtime pay law expires next June
30. the Commission urged that be
fore then permanent legislation be
enacted to:
1. “Authorize additional pay at
~ SelTciviL SERVICE. Page A-6.)
Reds Expel Four Members
Of OSS From Bulgaria
By the Associated Press.
ISTANBUL, Dec. 10 (Delayed).—
The Russians have expelled a four
man United States Office of Strate
gic Services team from Bulgaria for
the second time since Bulgaria’s
surrender.
Allowed to return after an earlier
expulsion, the four were told they
must leave on the same grounds
as before—that they were not of
ficially accredited by the Russians.
On October 2 Cordell Hull, then
Secretary of State, said an Allied
military mission had been ejected
from Bulgaria by a Russian com
mander, but that he believed the
difficulty was straightened out and
that the mission would re-enter the
country as a result of arrange
ments by Washington and London
with Moscow.
The mission went to Bulgaria to
handle Anglo-American interests.
Some authorities in Washington said
the Russian military commander
had not been properly advised.
Operation Necessary
On Beaten Woman
Nelson O. Sipe, 35, of 1402 Fif
teenth street N.W., held in a $1,000
bond on a charge of assault with
a dangerous weapon on his wife,
Mrs. Mary Lou Sipe, 23, an ex
pectant mother, today was es
corted to Gallinger Hospital by
United States marshals, where he
gave legal consent for an emergency
operation on his wife, made neces
sary by the beating he js accused
of administering. '
Hospital attaches reported Mrs.
Sipes condition is “quite serious.’’
She is suffering from a possible
fracture of the skull, a ruptured
eardrum and internal injuries.
The case against Sipe was con
tinued in Municipal Court until
January 11 pending outcome of Mrs.
Sipe’s condition. It was during his
arraignment that an officer ap
peared to advise the court that hos- •
pital authorities had telephoned to
request his consent for the operation
on his wife.
Police said Mrs. Sipe was found
on the sidewalk in front of her
home last night at 10:30 o'clock,
following an altercation which
neighbors said had continued from
6 p.m. until 10:30. At the hospital
she told investigating police that
her husband had beaten her with
his fists, a camera, a tin cup and
several china plates. Mrs. Sipe was
found by a soldier when she stag
gered from the house and collapsed.
Police said the Sipe apartment
was littered with broken dishes and
overturned furnishings when they
went to arrest him.

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