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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 11, 1944, Image 4

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Britain Establishes
New Navy Command
To Help Beat Japs
W" Ihe Associated Press.
LONDON, Dec. 11.—A great new
British Pacific naval command in
addition to the present Far Eastern
fleet has been created to join United
States sea power in the all-out of
fensive to bring Japan to its knees,
the Admiralty disclosed last night.
An official annouHMjment, reflect
ing Prime Minister Churchill’s
promise that Britain would send the
greatest possible forces to the Orient
to help defeat Japan, said the fleet
will be commanded by Admiral Sir
Bruce A. Fraser, who since August
has been commander in chief of the!
Far Eastern Fleet.
(A dispatch from Melbourne,
Australia, today said Admiral
Fraser has arrived there.i
i'Admiral Fraser in an interview
said the new fleet would be based
in Australia and would include
battleships and aircraft carriers.
The fleet will operate under com
mand of Admiral Chester W.
Nimitz and Admiral Fraser said
that until he had conferred with
the American commander he
could not say how it would be
Simultaneously, it was disclosed
that the Far Eastern Fleet will be
centered in the Indian Ocean as the
East Indies station, a command
which lapsed when the Japanese
overran the Malayan peninsula and
captured Singapore This fleet will
be commanded by Vice Admiral Sir
Arthur J Power, who had been sec
ond in command to Admiral Fraser.
Under the new setup it was be
lieved that Admiral Fraser’s fleet
would operate under command of
Admiral Chester Nimitz in the Cen- <
tral Pacific and under Gen. MacAr
YANKS SHELL GERMANS ACROSS THE SAAR.—A battery of 105-mm. field guns fires on Ger
maft positions across the Saar River on the 3d Army sector of the western front.
ihur in the Southwest Pacific, as
strategy demands.
The East Indies station would
supply floating power to support
Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten's
advance back into Lower Burma and
The Admiralty did not describe
:he precise limits of Admiral Fra
ser's new command. *
Rear Admiral C. S. Daniel, who
von the DSO for his antisubmarine
vork early in the war. has been
nade vice admiral and placed in
,-harge of administration of the new
3ritish Pacific Fleet.
FIRST ARMY'S ADVANCE—Arrows indicate advances of the
American 1st Army today on the western front (heavy linen
—A. P. Wirephoto.
Western Front
(Continued From First Page.)
where a tank factory and one of
the Saarland's largest steel plants
are located.
Bitter Resistance.
The 7th Army battling for Hague
nau. city of 19.500 in the Karlsruhe
corner, 31 miles from that city on
the.Rhine, was engaged heavily near
the village of Griesbach and at
Mertzwiller, where German infantry
fought with skill and resolution with
the support of dug-in tanks. Kal
■ tenhouse. midway between Hague
nau and Bischwiller. was skirted in
an advance.
Floods impeded other 7th Army
units and FVench 1st Army troops
in the cleanup of what remains of
the Alsatian pocket centered by Col
mar. The storming of Kientzheim
and Sigelsheim placed the Ameri
cans w-ithin 3'2 miles of Colmar to
the northw'est. The French were 4
miles west.
i The Germans said 16 infantry
and tank divisions, possibly 225,
000 men. were exerting pressure
toward Duren. Only 10 divisions
have been identified in Gen.
Hodges' 1st Army.

(Berlin said the center of
heaviest fighting still w-as along
the Saar at Dillingen and Saar
lautern, where “energetic” Ger
man counterthrusts forced the
Americans to abandon several
pillboxes. Tire enemy acknow
ledged that the 3d Army had
captured a dozen groups of pill
boxes in Dillingen and that
“pillbox busters are now harass
ing these with -flamethrowers.”)
. Battlefront dispatches said the
Germans had wheeled up more ar
tillery in the Saarlautern and Dill
ingen sectors of the Saar front,
hurling 6.000 rounds of shells into
the two towns on each of three re
cent days.
Striking east and northeast from
Sarreguemines. the 35th Division
captured Folpersviller. just short of
the frontier and 2 miles from the
embattled French city. The 26th
Division captured an underground
factory near Wittring, 5 miles
southeast of Sarreguemines.
• Continued From First Page.)
been the top problem in fighting
lagging war production.
The war mobilization chief told
Gen. Hershey it was necessary to
draft more men in the older age
groups to replace skilled labor re
leased from the services to fill war
plant jobs. He indicated that other
men with special skills would be re
leased, and asked that consideration
be given the drafting of men who
leave essential industries.
New Advisory Board Meets.
The first meeting of the new ad
visory board appointed by Presi
dent Roosevelt last week to help
Mr. Byrnes with his manpower and
production' tasks was scheduled at
the White House this morning.
The chairman of the board, for
mer Gov. Max Gardner of North
Carolina, said the board planned to
talk wfith Mr. Byrnes. Economic Sta
bilizer Vinson. Robert Hinckley,
chairman of the Board of Con
tract Settlement, and Brig Gen.
Frank T. Hines, head of retraining
and re-employment operations ui*.
der Mr. Byrnes. The current war
shortages will be reviewed by the
board, he said.
WPB reported over the week end
that “critical programs" of war pro
duction gained 6 per cent in October,
but still must improve much more
to meet needs of the armed forces.
While improvement in the critical
programs ranged from small to siz
able over-all munitions production
1& October, valued at $5,240,000,000,
was little changed from "Septem
ber. and fell 2 per cent below "feasi
bility schedules." These schedules
generally are lower than what the
aimed services would like to have.
None of the major categories of
combat munitions met its October
schedule, but there were four in
creases over September. The out
put of guns and fire-control equip
ment, and combat and motor ve
hicles each gained 4 per cent; com
munications and electronic equip
ment 5 per cent; ammunitions and
ships just about held their own.
Greater Production Sought.
Among the critical programs, pro
duction of communication wire
gained 10 per cent; heavy-heavy
trucks 110 tons and over) and cot
ton duck. 13 per cent: general pur
pose and fragmentation bombs. 11
per cent; tanks, 20 per cent.
Illustrating the need for still
greater production in critical cate
gories. WPB said an increase of 55
per cent in the October rate is re
quired in November and December
for Army heavy artillery to meet
1944 requirements.
Moves to bolster war production
in the past 48 hours were accom
panied by a statement of Under
secretary of War Patterson that
Paris was taken by the Allies 60
days ahead of schedule.
The whole of France and Belgium
also was cleared "months ahead of
1 schedule" although the Allies had
fallen behind the military time
table when they were penned up,
at the outset, on the Normandy
Peninsula, he reported.
Then, with reference to the recent
phases of the western front cam
paign. Mr. Patterson said "the time
for renewing large-scale operations
had to be deferred until the neces
sary supplies were again accumu
lated at the front.”
i Continued From First Page.)
case, it was revealed today by As
sistant United States Attorney John
W. Fihelly.
For that" reason. Mr. Fihelly said,
the Government delayed seeking an
indictment against Holmes, while it
awaited the' results of the FBI in
I vestigation.
Mr. Fihelly said he was satisfied
'the Government had an “airtight'
case against the marine in Mrs.
Fitzwater's death. There are two
especially strong links in the chain
of evidence against McFarland, vet
eran of half a dozen bloody battles
of the South Pacific, Mr. Fihelly
1. The “positive” identification of
McFarland and Mrs. Fitzwater by
waitresses at the Hot Shoppe Res
taurant at the Virginia end of the
Fourteenth Street Bridge as the
pair who were at the restaurant the
night of the slaying.
2. McFarland's handwriting on an
order blank at the restaurant that
| night.
Certain About Handwriting.
“There is no doubt about the
identification or the handwriting,”
’Mr. Fihelly declared. He said the
Government was prepared to prove
the following sequence of events:
McFarland accompanied Mrs.
Fitzwater (who had been seen about
town in the company of servicemen
on other occasions) to the restaurant
that night and asked a waitress to
serve some beer. Informed there
was none, he wrote out on their
order slip "two cups of coffee.” On
the back of the slip he wrote the
name “James B. Davis, first tank
battalion, New River, N. Car.” Sub
sequent investigation by the FBI
showed that no such man existed.
Why McFarland should bother to
write a fictitious name on the order
slip was explained by Mr. Fihelly
in this way: “He knew then that he
American Flying Fortresses drop their bombs on the Fried
burg rail yards near'Frankfurt, Germany, as the Allies continue
to disrupt enemy communications behind the fighting front.
The yards are seen directly under the nose of the largest bomb.
The attack was made December 4.
—A. P. Wirephoto from Air Forces.
was going to rob and attack her and
thought that by, writing a fictitious
narfi^ on the back of the slip he
would throw police off his trail and
send them on a wild goose chase.”
Whatever the intent, Mr. Fihelly
said, the handwriting is definitely
McFarland's. "There can be no
doubt of it.'' he said, explaining
that the marine had peculiar hand
writing characteristics which "even
a layman can spot.”
Conlronted with the handwriting
evidence in his District Jail cell,
McFarland is said to have laughed
and said: 'Say, that does look some
thing like my writing, doesn't it?”
The marine, however, steadfastly
denied knowledge of the crime. He
also has denied that he slew Miss
Berrum, diminutive Government
Similarities in Crimes.
The prosecutor said similarities
in the crimes strongly indicate they
i were done by one man. Both wom
en. he said, were robbed and crim
inally assaulted after receiving
severe beatings. Noses of both were
broken and their eyes blacked. Mrs.
Fitzwaters throat was slashed
while Miss Berrum was strangled
with her snood. A swdtch-blade
knife dropped in a cab carrying
Miss Berrum and her escort to the
scene of the slaying, together with
a belt found near the body, led to
McFarland's arrest. 1
It was revealed today thjt the
girl had been paid that day and had
purchased a pair of shoes shortly
before the slaying Neither her
purse containing the money, nor
the shoes, have been found by
police. The knife dropped in the
cab had been loaned to McFarland
by a marine buddy some time before
the first of the two killings, the
FBI said.
It also was disclosed by the FBI
that the bureau was never fully
satisfied that "Pop" Holmes killed
Mrs. Fitzwater. That is why, it
was explained, that their investiga
tion of the case continued, even
though he was formally charged.
When McFarland was arrested
in the Berrum slaying, Special
Agent Robert Kurtzman, who was
assigned to the case, immediately
showed some police and newspaper
photographs of the marine and
Mrs. Fitzwater to waitresses at the
Hot Shoppe. Next, acomparison
of the handwriting on the order
slip, confiscated by agents the day
Mrs. Fitzwater was slain, was made
with McFarland's writing.
Tests Convince Agents.
Both tests convinced agents that
I the marine was the man, the FBI
It was explained that a story
book twist had resultecKin Holmes
originally being charged w'ith the
crime. The strongest evidence
against him was his blood-stained
(trousers found hanging from a tree
near his houseboat. The blood was
of the victim's type. That, plus
the fact that the elderly eccentric
had escaped almost 10 years ago
| from the Eastern Hospital for the
Criminally Insane at Williamsburg.
1 Va., led the FBI to suspect that
I he was implicated. But the later
I developments have caused agents
; to believe that this is what hap
! pened.
Holmes awoke during the night
and found the body lying on the
j edge of the houseboat or floating
j in the river nearby. Realizing that
i his past record would direct sus
jpicion toward him. he dragged the
(body off the boat and threw it in
the water. While hauling the body
away, he stained his clothes with
blood. He later attempted to wash
the clothes, but the stains remained.
Holmes recently has been exam- i
ined by Gallinger Hospital psychia
trists and found to be suffering from
paranoia. During the coroner's jury
inquest, he eloquently argued his i
own case, protesting his innocence.
"Any one can see that I didn't do |
it." he said. "I’m not strong enougji I
.to have committed a horrible crime;
like that."
May Be Returned to Virgina.
Officials said today that Holmes
would be held at Gallinger until of
ficials at the Virginia institution are
| contacted and proceedings com
pleted to return him there.
Today's indictment, returned by
j the same grand jury that delivered
| a true bill against McFarland in the
.Berrum slaying, charged him with
eight separate counts in Mrs. Fitz
i water’s death. Six involve murder
by a knife or sharp Instrument
while in the commission of criminal
assault or robbery. The seventh
|charges criminal assault and the
eighth count is robbery. ,
The new indictment returned
against McFarland will not delay
; his trial in January for the Berrum
killing. Whether he ever will be
tried in the lagoon killing depends
on the outcome of the Bqrrum case.
! Should he be convicted, it is un
likely that he will be tried for Mrs.
: Pitzwater's death, the United States
attorney’s office said.
It also has been disclosed that!
McFarland, who has been married
for several years, obtained allotment
checks from the Government fraud
ulently by representing himself as i
the father of two children. Actually,
Mr. Fihellv said, the McFarlands i
were childless until a month before I
the marine was arrested on the first l
murder charge. The child died
shortly after birth.
At the time of his arrest McFar- j
land told police he was 21 years old. I
A birth certificate obtained by the
prosecutor's office showed the ma
rine s age to be 24. He has a long
police record under another name,
a record complied long before he
joined the marines. The indictment
identifies him under four names he
has used in the past. Earl McFar
land, E. J. Dill, E. J. Dills and Jack
Dills. His real name, police said, is
Eugene Dill.
Attorney George A. Cassidy, jr.,
has entered his appearance as Mc
Farland's attorney. He and Attor
; ney P. Bateman Ennis are to repre
' sent him in the trial scheduled for
j next month in the Berrum killing.
1 To Match jjtyM QC
J Odd Coat« »» up I
iS EISEMAN’S—F at 7th, 1
---E- 1
With his rifle in one hand and a potential chicken dinner
In the other, Pfc. Gordon Taggart of Philadelphia plods through
Felsberg, Germany, near Saarlautern, on his way to the 3d Army
front. —A. P. Wirephotos.
r . . ♦- —— --- -—.
Shown here in the field is
Maj. Gen. James Gavin, 37, of
Washington, commander of
the 82d Airborne Division, who
participated in the Allied cap
ture of Nijmegen Bridge in
Holland in addition to combat
jumps in Sicily, Italy and Nor
mandy. Gen. Gavin began his
Army career in 1924 as a pri
vate. His wife and daughter
live at 2006 Columbia road
N.W. A. P. Wirephoto.
Supreme Court
(Continued From First Page.'
rate of fare was a factor in influenc
ing some employes to leave Govern
ment service.
It said further that another im
portant point at issue was the ICC's
jurisdiction ''over transportation
which is in part by motor carriers
and in part by street and electric
railway” where the two kinds of
transportation are. for the purposes
of practical administration, insep
District Court said the commis
sion had not proved its jurisdiction
over the area involved.
Supreme Court consideration of
the applicability of the Mann Act
here is based on a Government
appeal from the appellate court de
cision w'hich reversed the convic
tion of Carmen Beach, 30-year-old
dress shop proprietor, who was sen
tenced to one to three years in
prison and fined $2,500 in District
Court, in June. 1943. for paying the
taxicab fare of a prostitute a
local' hotel.
The 2-1 decision of the Court of
Appeals, read by Chief Justice D
Lawrence Groner said Congress did
not intend this sort of transporta
tion to come within the covering
of the law. The offense of pros
titution is so adequately covered by
District statutes, he said, "that
about the only place in which the
act can be done without running
athwart of the local law is in an
anchored balloon.”
In appealing, the Government
said this decision would complicate
"white slavery” enforcement in the
District and all the Territories.
Contesting Supreme Court re
view, Defense Counsel James R
Kirkland and Nathan M. Lubar said
Congress did not intend the act to
govern here and that its applica
tion would be a boon to black
Any Make Car
4221 Connecticut WO. 840C
All Noth
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•15 iau at n.w. JEWELHY
Refrigerator Ship Launched
i MOBILE, Ala,, Dec. 11 (/Pi.—'The
S.S. San Jose. 10.000-ton refrigerator
ship, was launched here yesterday
for the United States Mail Line,
subsidiary of United Fruit Co. Mrs.
John J. Kellerher. New York, wife
of the vice president of United
Fruit Co., was sponsor.
Guaranteed Work
Reasonable Prices
McMahon Chevrolet
63S3 Georria Ave. N.W.
GEorcia 0100
Ball Seeks to Allay Fear
Of Communism in U. S.
By the Associated Press.
BALTIMORE, Dec. 11,—Senator
Ball, Republican, of Minnesota said
last night that Americans must over
come an unwarranted fear of Com
munism if the United States is to
work successfully with Russia for
a lasting peace in the postwar pe-1
Addressing a rally in honor of the
Soviet Union and the 11th anniver
sary of the establishment of diplo
matic relations between that govern
ment and the United States, Senator
Ball declared that "Communism
can never replace the capitalistic
system in this country unless the
capitalistic system fails.
“Therefore, those who believe in
the capitalistic system, instead of
spending their time attacking the
Communist doctrine, should concen
trate on making their own system
meet the country's needs—jobs and
a decent living for every one.”
The Minnesotan added that if the
capitalistic system succeeded in that,
“we needn't worry about Commu
nism. If it doesn’t, all the anti
communist resolutions in the world
won’t prevent a change.”
The rally was sponsored by the
Baltimore Council of American
Soviet Friendship.
1336 G St. EE. 6*1*
Federal St.orage
fiery Ifodem facility /or the Sift HanSIHt
and Care of HoitthoH Treenirei
E. K. MORRIS, Preaid on t j
• t ••
you can*t beat

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