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The Great Gameof Politics
President, Not Stettinius, Responsible For Rebuke to Britain, Kent Says By Frank R. Kent As a result of the statement issued in his name on the British policy in Italy and Greece, which has been widely—and rightly—interpreted as a rebuke, Mr. Edward Stettin ius, jr„ the new Secretary cl State, has come in for both praise and blame. He is not entitled to either. It is, for ex ample, absurd to is ay that Mr. Stettinius is to be warmly con gratulated upon a telling timely and statesman- r™»k a. Kent, like stand which reveals to the world that the United States has at last, a clearly defined policy toward the “liberated” countries and is not trailing along behind the British in conflict with the Atlantic Charter. And it is equally absurd to assert that Mr. Stettinius has made an egregious blunder well calculated to disturb the harmony of Anglo American relations, unjustified either by the facts or our own rec ord, and altogether unnecessarily self-righteous and inconsistent. Without discussing the merits of either of these schools of thought, Mr. Stettinius certainly ought to be put in the clear by both. It isn’t fair either to grease him or kick him. Actually, he had little to do with the statement except issue it. Not stettinius’ Own. No informed person thinks that immediately upon his succession to the Secretaryship, Mr. Stettinius thought up this bold and forthright move and on his own responsibility made public an official attitude sure to have a disunifying effect upon the two Western Allies, whose joint action in peace, as in war, is so clearly vital. Mr. Stettinius is neither experienced nor inexperi enced enough to have taken such action on his own initiative. The truth seems to be that the statement was conceived in the de partment, though not by Mr. Stet tinius. The idea of disassociating ourselves from the British policy of intervention in Italy and taking a stand in conformity with the tradi tion American position of self-de termination was transmitted to the President, presumably through Mr. Hopkins. Mr. Roosevelt, it is known, not only eagerly seized upon the sug gestion but expanded it into the Stettinius statement, going a con siderable distance farther than had been suggested. In brief, the policy as thus de clared is Mr. Roosevelt's policy and no one else’s. He chose to promul gate it through his Secretary of State, but upon him rests the full responsibility and to him should be given both the praise and the blame. Unquestionably, it is a popular pol icy in this country. Also, it is popu lar in the Senate, where the cheaper type of statesman is always ready to do a little British baiting. However, fair-minded men will concede that the British case was strongly put by Mr. Churchill. The House of Commons testified to that by the overwhelming vote with which it sustained him. The Man chester Guardian, while accusing the Prime Minister of blundering, in sists there is no fundamental differ ence in the policies of the two coun tries and points out the not very consistent or successful American diplomacy in Spain, Prance and Italy, too. Excitement Unfounded. The British Ambassador, after conferring with Mr. Stettinius, de clared an "understanding” had been achieved and that there is no cause for excitement. Lord Hali fax, a wise and deeply experienced man, is probably correct, but that does not prevent others asking why, if our hearts beat so warmly for the Atlantic Charter principle of nonintervention in Italy and Greece, we fail to throb with equal warmth for tortured Poland; why we have not “rebuked” Russia with the same kind of tartness with which we now rebuke the British. Probably this “split” with the British will not be allowed to widen. It may be wholly healed long be fore the next Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin conference is held. At any rate, while it is easy to understand that the British think our state ment was badly timed and smugly worded, there does not seem much sense in the Guardian holding Mr. Stettinius personally responsible. It editorially asks why Mr. Stet tinius found “the housetops prefer able to a friendly remonstrance be tween Allies.” It says that his state ment was intended to indicate that “the firm is under new management and that the Darlan-Glraud-Bodo glio subsidies have been dropped.” It complain* that Mr. Stettinius, in the manner of the well-known ad vertisement, chose "to exhibit the spotlessness of his own new linen by brutal comparison with the spot tiness of our own.” This just is not fair. Mr. Stet tinius was not trying to do anything of the kind. Mr. Stettinius neither originated nor framed that state ment. It was distinctly Mr. Roose velt's job. If the Guardian wants to complain of bad manners and self-righteousness, it should com plain of Mr. Roosevelt, who for so long has been its shining hero. He is the man. There is no use holding Mr. Stet tinius personally responsible. He is just Secretary of State. 1 Answers to Questions A reader can get the answer to any question of fact by writing rhe Eve nnu,s'« Information Bureau, 31B I street N E., Washington 2, D. C. Pleas* inclose 3 cents for return postage* By THE HASKIN SERVICE. Q. What is the largest industry in the United States)—T. E. M. A. The aircraft industry claims to be the largest, with a planned 1944 production of $20,000,000,000. It is now able to produce more than 100,000 military planes annually. How soon after birth does a be by smile?—H. E. R. A. Babies first smile about four weeks after birth, or, If the birth is premature, about the same time after they should have been bom. many rooms are unere m the portion of the White House re served for the President and his family?—D. G. A. The second floor has seven bedrooms and baths in addition to the library and the President’s study. The third floor has 14 rooms. Q. Has a giraffe more vertebrae in its neck than other animals?— H. W. N. A. The giraffe has seven vertebrae in its neck. This number is not greater than in other quadrupeds. The length, therefore, is due to the elongation of each cervical verte bra. Q. Did Pope Innocent X pay Velasquez for his portrait?— E. L. H. A. When the Pope sent his cham berlain to pay for the portrait, Velasquez refused to accept the money. The king, he explained, al ways paid the artist with his own hand. It is said that the Pope hum ored him. Q Did the Confederacy have a written constitution?—N. K. C. A. It had. The constitution was adopted by the Congress of the Con federate States of South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Missis sippi, Louisana and Texas on March 11, 1861. Q. Where is Anne Hathaway buried? Was she older than Shake speare?—w. B. A. Anne Hathaway Shakespeare died August 6, 1623, at the age of 67. Two days later, she was buried beside her husband inside the chan cel of Trinity Church, Stratford on-Avon. According to the Inscrip tion on her tomb, Anne Hathaway was eight years older than her hus band. Q. What is meant by I-A (H) in the draft classification?—B. O. Y. A. Under Selective Service men formerly in Class IV-H (38 to 48 years of age) were reclassified with the special “H” designation. Thus a registrant who had no cause for deferment other than age was in Class I-A (H). This classification is no longer used. Registrants de ferred by reason of age are now placed in Class IV-A. Valuable Antique and Modern Furniture, Etc. At Public Auction AT SLOAN’S 715 13th St. WEDNESDAY December 13th, 1944 at 10 A.M. i Embracina In part Walnut Tw# Part Chippendale Hiah Bey, inlaid Mahoa »ny Corner Cabinet. Enalish Burl Wal ”»t Knee Hole Desk, Leather Topi Walnut Corner Cabinets, Hanaina Cabinets and Shelves, Walnut Settee, Sheraton Mahoaanr Corner Wash stand. Walnut Drop Leaf Table. Ma hoaanr Foldina Top Writina Sts nil. Mahoaanr Cellarette Pole Seretna. Carved Chinese Mirrors, Needlepoint Armchair, Gilt Drawins Boom Suite, Victorian Parlor Set, China, Glass ware. Bric-a-Brac, Books, Patntinss. Water Colors, etc. TERMS CASH C. G. SLOAN, INC., Aucts. Established 1191_ If you are planning to borrow, do this first XyTAYBE you can really get along without that loan you now think you need. Have you gone over your expenses one by one to see if you can’t cut down somewhere? Have you made sure that there isn’t some better way out of your difficulty than borrowing ? These are two things every one should do before getting a loan in times like these. If you do get a loan, borrow no more than you actually need and pay it back promptly. G«t cash without endorsers If a loan can help you to better your self, you are welcome to apply to Household Finance for $50 to $300. Household makes salary, car and fur niture loans to men and women with jobs. You may borrow without en dorsers—and repay as rapidly as your budget permits. The sooner you repay the less your loan costs. See the sam ple payment schedules in the table below. Quick phone service Payments shown include principal and charges at Household’s rate of 2 % per month on the unpaid balance. This fa Household’s one and only charge. You pay no fees or extras of any kind The i Maryland Small Loan Law author- ' izes a maximum charge of 3% per month. If you need money for an emergency, phone your application— we can have your loan ready when you come in. HOUSEHOLD BUDGET LOAN plan •MOUNT Monthly poymontt Including oH ch'orgot J 4 4 9 t2 UMN payments payments payments payments payments $ 50 $ 17.84 $13.13 $ 8.93 $ 6.13 75 26.01 19.70 13.39 9.19 $ 7.09 100 34.68 26.26 17.85 12.25 9.46 135 43.34 32.83 22.32 15.31 11.82 150 52.01 39.39 26.78 18.38 14.18 200 69.35 52.52 35.71 24.50 18.91 250 86.69 65.66 44.63 30.63 23.64 300 104.03 78,79 53.66 36.76 28.37 These payment* Include a|J costs if payments are made monthly on the same day of each succes sive month. Earlier or larger payments reduce the total charges and later or smaller payments increase them. . Household’s only charge >a the monthly rate of 2% on unpaid balances. This rate is substantially less than the max imum prescribed by the Mary land Small Loan Law. It u figured on actual unpaid principal balances as reduced by payments. There are no fines, fees, discount* or other hidden charges. HOUSEHOLD FINANCE —--C^x/^o^cCZ^ru NT. RAINIER, 3237 Rhode Island Ave.,2nd FI., over Bowling Center Phone: WArfield 7887. SILVER SPRING, 7914 Georria Avenue, Ground Floor Phone: SLigo 4400. — FOR VICTORY BUY WAR SAVINGS STAMPS EVERY PAY-DAY New Treaty Is Signed By France, Russia; De Ggulle Leaves By the Auodated Pre»i. MOSCOW, Dec. 11.—Stance’* re lations with Soviet Russia were cemented today with a new treaty of alliance and mutual assistance negotiated by Gen. Charles de Gaulle as the crowning achievement of his visit to Moscow. The pact, paralleling a 20-year alliance between Britain and Rus sia, was announced last night sev eral hours after the French leader had boarded a special train en route to Baku, where a plane was waiting to carry him back to Paris. While the text of the treaty was not immediately released, an official announcement said both govern ments had affirmed their intention to fight on together until “complete victory” over Germany is achieved. They also expressed their determin ation to take jointly all measures necessary to safeguard Europe against future aggression. Gen. De Gaulle issued a short statement saying: “I am sure the days we have spent here will leave a mark in the history of this war, and I believe, too, they will leave a mark in the peace for the good of all men. Long live Soviet Russia.” The treaty was signed in the Kremlin at 4:40 am. yesterday fol lowing an all-night session which began with a formal banquet at which the French and Russians were joined by British and American dip lomatic and military representatives. Throughout the negotiations the Western Allies were kept informed of developments and there were def inite indications that the pact was concluded within the framework of the ties binding the United Nations. Gen. De Gaulle was accompanied on his return trip by Soviet Am bassador Bogomolov and Maj. Gen. Kutusov, representing the Red Army. Jackie Cooper to Marry Actress June Horne Today By the Associated Press. HOLLYWOOD, Dec. 11.—Jackie Cooper, former child movie star now in the Navy, and his Hollywood sweetheart, Actress June Horne, an nounced they will be married before a few friends at Wilshire Methodist Church today. l f Russian Yule Gift Drive Launched Here A shipload of Christinas gilts for Russian children from the children of America Is the foal of a Nation wide campaign launched today by the Russian War Relief and sched uled to run through December 36, Mrs. J. Borden Harriman, chairman of the Washington committee, an nounced. Every Washington family will be asked to remember some of the Rus sian children with a gift while pre paring for their own children’s Christmas, Mrs. Harriman said. Gifts may include condensed milk, tinned baby foods, cocoa, baking chocolate, packaged raisins, hard candies and outgrown or slightly won children's clothing. "Russia, has poured Into our struggle against the common enemy so much of her best blood and rich* est treasure that I know all Ameri cans will respond generously to help our gallant ally gave her children from being sacrificed, too," Mrs. Harrlmen declared. Gifts should be taken or sent to Russian War Relief, 924 Seventeenth street N.W., where special Christmas tags for donor’s name and address are available. IT TAKES ONLY 2-hours TO RELINK THE BRAKES ON YOUR CAR .. . Linings Guaranteed 20,000 Miles PLYMOUTH } H 0*76 CHEVROLET ( IL RSF* 151A-BB DODGE3su « \ IT Free Adjustments Duplicate D. C. Testing Machine CLIFT’S Sftg. 2002 K St. N.W. Ml. 62)2 To Wcuhington’g Trade Executive* If you do business with, or through, s lot of small business establishments, their financing problems are your concern, too. See: Bankers Serve Small Business, pafe 56. The difference between prosperity and depression may depend on how well we are able to trade with foreigners. See: Our Martin ot Prosperity, page 42. “A Good Place to Work” means different things to different workers, but it Invariably means a wise and understanding executive somewhere near the top. See pate23. We call these articles in the December issue of Nation’s Business to your attention for a wholly selfish ; | reason. We like your organization and believe it is doing a great job. We believe Nation's Business is doing e. good job* too, and want you to believe it, so | : you will give the magazine favorable consideration | | when your advertising schedules are discussed. Choosa tha Loader In the Business Field. NATION'S BUSINESS Washington, D. C. ADVERTISEMENT. I ADVERTISEMENT. ADVERTISEMENT. ADVERTISEMENT. ADVERTISEMENT. ADVERTISEMENT. How Americans Can EARN MORE, BUY MORE, HAVE MORE \fJTBA‘T kind of Ife wiH you haws in the poot W war period? Wffl servicemen find jobs? What about demobilized war workers? These are questions on everyone’s mind today, and it is not too early to find answers to them. Our first and all-important job is to win the war. But the tune has come when we must look beyond military victory—to make sure that we wS have, in peace, the kind of world lor which ws are now fighting. Postwar Prosperity for AH In this undertaking American business—manu facturing, retailing, farming, construction, transportation—wffl play a major role. For it is primarily to business that the returning service man wffl look for a job, the demobilized war worker come far peacetime employment, and the American public tarn for a higher standard of Kving. It is to American business, too, that the people of other lands wffl look for the tools and goods with which to rehabffitate their nation and provide for themselves a higher standard of living. Business plans and is ready to meet its responsibilitiet. Its plans are based on common-sense facts— that the key to postwar prosperity is high pro iodion, and that the way to keep production at a high level is to be sure that all of as wffl be able to buy the things oar fa*** and factories can produce. Only an income based on production can pro vide, st the nine time. As mousy to buy wiA and As thing* to buy. How This Can Be Brought About Every wage-earner is both a producer and a consumer—he makes things and he bays things. If he is paid enough for what he makes, and given good enough bargains in what he boys, the “process of prosperity” can be pot in motion and lasting jobs created. They can’t be maA> through government hand-outs—which only in crease public debt and raise taxes still further. Two things are required to put this "process of prosperity” into operation. The first is an honeSt and aggressive effort by management to fulfill its part of the program. The second is public cooperation — in creating conditions favorable to the full play of this country's Mndtiaas energy and ambition. Business is pledged to do its pert—first, by increasing the opportunities for a& to earn and. second, by increasing the opportunities for all to buy. To increase the opportunities for aU to earn, business pledges a just and enlightened wage policy and the opening of every possible avenue of advancement for the worker. It proposes to proceed at the earliest possible moment with the starting of new ventures and tits expansion of old in order to provide more jobs for more people — including returning servicemen and demobilised war workers. It proposes to put into workers’ hands tbs most efficient tools available—so that a worker, by increasing his production, may add still further to his earnings. To increase the opportunities for all to buy, business proposes to make full use of the tech nological "know how” it has accumulated during the war to put on the market the finest products that can be made, at the lowest prices for which they can be sold. It proposes to seek, through unending study and research in the fields of production and * distribution, every possible means for lowering prices still further over the years, so that more of the good things of life can be enjoyed by more and more of the people. It proposes to encourage full and free competi tion to avoid restraint of trade and so assure better and better values. Your Help Is Needed This is business’s program for the future. To bring it about as quickly as possible will require your help. For its accomplishment will need legislative action—action that you can encour age. Postwar tax policies that leave sufficient funds for expansion. Laws that clearly prevent unregulated monopoly. Labor policies that establish the responsibilities of both labor and management. And business operation under law instead of by unpredictable "directive.’* If you wish to know more about this program, write for the free booklet, How Americans Can Earn More, Buy More, Have More. Address: National Industrial Information Committee, 14 West 49th Street, New York 20, N. Y. Tfc These messages are published to make dear the steps that must be taken to assure the American people of an economy of abundance in the post war world. They are sponsored by the National Industrial Information Committee of the National Association of Manufacturers, which represents thousands sf different businesses, large and small, employing 75 per sent of the wage earners in the manufacturing industry.