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Weather Forecast Cloudy and cold today and tomorrow; low tonight near 25. Temperatures today—Highest, 39, at 12:01 a.m.; lowest, 29, at 7:45 a.m.; 37 at 1:30 p.m. Yesterday—Highest, 49, at 8:20 p.m.; lowest, 29, at 5:50 a.m. Lote New York Markets, Page A-13. Guide for Readers 1 Page. After Dark.B-5 Amusements -B-16 Comics.B-14-15 Editorials _A-8 Editor! Art’les A-9 Finance_A-13 Page. Lost and Found. A-3 Obituary _A-6 Radio .B-15 Society.B-3 Sports .A-10-11 Woman's Page..B-6 An Associated Press Newspaper 92d YEAR. No. 36,749. WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, DECEMBER 12, 1944—THIRTY PAGES. ★★★ City Home Delivery, Duly end Sundey S' r,Tf\rrFC2 90c e Month. When 6 Sundey*. Sl.OO. VxXjX^I X O. Yanks Capture 6 Fortified Towns, Drive Within Half Mile of Duren; Nazis Weaken Along Entire Front Hodges' Forces Reach Roer River For First Time BULLETIN. PARIS (A5). — American 1st Army tanks and infantry to day drove to within half a mile of Duren. largest city between Aachen and Cologne, capturing six fortified villages on Duren’s approaches. The towns were Hoven, Pier, Merken, Merode, Gey and Derichweiler. To the south, the American 7th Army broke clear through the Maginot Line and ad vanced more than 6 miles in 8 hours, reaching Seitz, 15 miles^ southwest of the Rhine city of Karlsruhe. A dozen French towns along the Rhine were captured. (Map on Page A-4.) By ’he Associated Press. PARIS, Dec. 12.—Infantrymen of Lt. Gen. Courtney H. Hodges’ American 1st Army today drove to the flooded Roer River for the first time, captured the town of Merode and battled the Ger mans in a string of fortified vil lages about 2 miles west of Duren. Gen. Hodges' troops seized 1,000 yards of the west bank of the Roer and at one point were within l’j miles of Duren in an advance which reached Konzendorf. The German Army’s defensive fight m thick fortifications before vital arsenals of the fatherland was reported in front-line dispatches to be weakening west of the Roer. in side the Siegfried Line to the south at Dillingen and Saarlautern, and in Northern Alsace. Late last month Lt. Gen. William j H. Simpson’s 9th Army reached the; Roer along an 8-mile front north of I the 1st Army sector, between the! central and northern river citadels j of Julich and Linnich, but today j was the firse time the 1st Army had reached the barrier to Cologne. Con siderable German movement was observed east of the river and 9th I Army guns opened up on the en-1 emy, supreme headquarters an nounced. East of this sector other of Gen. Hodges' troops fought their w'ay out of Hurtgen Forest below Aachen. Previously certain units had battled through the forest, but the Germans still held about 10 per cent of the deep wood. Hold Out in Three Towns. Merode. a forest village 3 Vi miles southwest of Duren, was cleared during the night. The Germans still held out behind thick walls and in cellars of Merken, Pier and Gey. all within 4 miles of Duren. the southern bastion of the Roer River line and the largest German city encountered beyond Aachen. Two thirds of Merken. almost on the river 3>i miles northwest of Duren, was cleared. Veterans of Gen. Hodges’ 1st Army j moved slowly and reached the Roer j 5 miles southeast of Merode after j advancing down a hill in the area of j Bergstein. captured last w’eek. Snow | in that sector had melted, creating a j soft bog which made going harder. Lt. Gen. George S. Patton’s 3d Army finally captured Sarregue mines, which has a population of 14,000. pulled up to the border of the Saarland and started shelling the important German cities of Zwei brucken (16,000) and St. Ingbert (21,000). 5 and 7 miles, respectively, inside Germany. The 3d Army cleared out five for tified blocks in Fraulautern, a mile north of Saarlautern, and a similar area in Ensdorf. the same distance east. Both are in the Siegfried Line. It appeared that the Germans were quitting the western end of Frau lautern. The Germans maintained pressure around the steel city of Dillingen, 3 miles north of Saar lautern. but attempted no more counterattacks in the ruins of Saar lautern itself, a city as devastated as Aachen. Haguenau Captured. Lt. Gen. Alexander M. Patch's 7th Army captured the Alsace base city of Haguenau (19,500), skirted the dense forest to the north and drove to within 29 miles of the German city of Karlsruhe behind the Rhine. Supply dumps were seized at Haguenau. The Americans were within 4 miles of the German Pal atinate above the city. (German broadcasts today said the 7th Army, using 15 infantry and several tank divisions, had opened a new major offensive against the Siegfried Line be tween Sarreguemines and Hague nau. (This suggested 250,000 men or more employed on a 40-mile sec tor where the Americans were closing hard toward the German frontier. This was more than double the strength identified on the 7th Army sector. (The Germans asserted that from 20,000 to 30,000 Americans had been lost in the battle of the Saar and that Gen. Patton had failed to achieve a breakthrough.) Advance on Colmar. Below Strasbourg, the 7th and the French 1st Army were within 3 Vi miles of Colmar (43,Oil), checked One additional man from the District area has been re ported killed in this war. See “On the Honor Roll,’’ Page A-2. (See WESTERN FRONT, Page A-4) Thousands of Crack Jap Troops Wiped Out in Trap Near Ormoc Two American Forces Effect Junction And Eradicate 26th Enemy Division By the Associated Press. GEN. Mac ARTHUR’S HEAD QUARTERS, Philippines, Dec. 12.—Japan’s bloody but vain de fense of Ormoc took on the pro portions of an annihilation to day as headquarters reported (thousands of crack imperial troops wiped out in a trap just south of the Leyte Island port city. Doughboys of the 77th a(id 7th Infantry Divisions effected a junc tion just south of Ormoc yesterday and eradicated the 26th Japanese division, hopelessly caught in a vise fashion after strategic Yank landings on the coast below Ormoc on Thursday. Meanwhile, other units of the 77th destroyed the entire garrison bitterly defending Ormoc, Gen. MacArthur announced in his com munique today. He described fight mg as "of the most desperate character" all the way. Annihilation of the Japanese in the Ormoc sector eliminated the southern segment of the Yamashita line. While Gen. MacArthur did not specify the number of enemy troops wiped out in the trap, he said in his Monday communique that “many thousands’’ were in the narrowing pocket. There was little indication many could have escaped, j Great stores of equipment and supplies were captured. Ormoc. which the 77th Division Yanks entered Sunday, was an im portant base of reinforcement for j Japanese fighting in the Ormoc cor- j ridor to the north, where bloody engagements have continued for weeks despite torrential rains. With Ormoc taken the Americans turned more power to the task of clearing the enemy from the moun ~ i See PHILIPPINES, Page A-12.) 2,200 Planes Pound German Oil Refinery And Vital Rail Yards 19th Merseburg Attack Follows Record Assault On Targets in Reich By the Associated Press. LONDON, Dec. 12. — Nearly 2,200 American planes, including 1,250 Flying Fortresses and Lib erators. today bombed the Nazis’ principal synthetic oil refinery at Merseburg and 'rail yards at Hanau, Aschaffensburg and Darmstadt. The attack followed up a record assault by 4.000 bombers and fight ers yesterday. It was the 19th attack of the war j on Merseburg's leading oil plant, j the Leuna refinery. Eighteen of them have been made in daylight by American heavy bombers. Heavy Clouds Over Target. The bombing at Merseburg was! by instrument due to heavy clouds, j Ali the rail targets were in the j open and were hit visually. All the bombers and most of the j Mustang - Thunderbolt - Lightning! fighter escort were from the United! States 8th Air Force. Berlin air-raid warnings indicated ! at least two other heavy bomber j blows landed on German targets j today—one by Fortresses and Lib- j erators from the United States 15th' Air Force in Italy, the other by the! RAF Bomber Command. All three heavy bombardment air forces participated in yesterday's assault with 10.000 tons of bombs— climaxing a campaign which has crippled synthetic oil production in the Ruhr and severed main rail routes to German defenses in the! west. Attacks to Be Pressed. “Our job now' is to keep hitting them and destroying repairs as fast as the Germans can make them," a staff officer said. The 8th Air Force sent 1.600 bomb ers aloft yesterday and, with an escort of 800 fighters, they smashed railyards at Frankfurt, Hanau and Giessen. It wTas the largest single bomber fleet ever put in the air— twice the size of Germany's peak aerial effort in September, 1940, when 800 planes attacked London. A force of 500 American heavy bombers from Italy hit an oil re finery and railyards in Vienna and 500 British bombers attacked three fuel plants and a rail center in the Ruhr. Mosquito bombers returned to Western Germany last night with blockbusters. Continent-based fight ers and bombers got in 800 sorties against tactical targets before dark yesterday. War Prisoners Reported Killed in Mukden Raid By the Associated Press. LONDON. Dec. 12.—The Tokyo radio said today some bombs dropped in an American Super Fortress raid on the Mukden area of Manchuria December 7 fell on a prisoner of war camp, killing 16 American and Brit ish prisoners and fatally wounding 18 more. Twenty-three others were reported hurt. The broadcast was without Allied confirmation. B-29 Incendiaries Again Dropped on Tokyo, Japs Say Three Other Flights Are Reported, With No Bombs Loosed By the Associated Press. American Super Forts made four appearances over Tokyo to day, dropping-incendiary bombs on the fourth visit, the Tokyo radio announced. The first three flights apparently were for reconnaissance purposes. The Tokyo broadcasts, recorded by Federal Communications Commis sion, said "all the planes fled south ward. apparently without dropping any bombs.” On the fourth visit, however, “one or two" B-29s dropped incendiaries on “two or three places” in the enemy capital, a Tokyo domestic broadcast said. It gave the time of this raid as 7 o'clock tonight (Tokyo time). Of the first three flights, the Tokyo radio said: “About midnight one or two planes appeared off the mainland and another plane came over the Tokaido district. “In addition, shortly after 3 a.m.,J a single plane appeared over the | Shizuoka prefecture area and short- j ly after 5 a.m. another single plane j came over the Tokaido area.” The Shizuoka area was badly | shaken up by last week's earthquake i and a resultant tidal wave which j covered houses with water. Hence • the flight may have been for photo- j graphic purposes to establish the; damage. No mention was made of any Jap- j anese fighter interception. Two Tremors Recorded; Believed in Aleutians By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, Dec. 12.—The Ford ham University seismograph today recorded two distinct earth tremors which the Rev. Joseph J. Lynch, seismologist, said apparently orig inated in the Aleutian Islands. The tremors were the third re corded in three days on the Ford ham seismograph. Two shocks were felt Sunday which were believed to have originated in the Netherlands Indies and Sunday afternoon the tremors were believed to have been in the Solomon Islands. Those today were recorded at 12:28:06 a.m. and at 12:36:55 a.m. at a distance of approximately 4.500 miles. Georgetown University seismolo gists recorded the first shock at 12:08:05 a.m. They said the quake reached its maximum at 1 a.m. and ended at 3:30 a.m. 'Big 3' Parley Plans Made, London Reports By the Associated Press. LONDON, Dec. 12. —Without elaborating, a Foreign Office com mentator today said arrangements were being made for a new Roose velt-Churchill-Stalin conference. There are no plans for a meeting of the three countries’ foreign min isters, he said. 'E' Bond Sales Here Maintain Schedule, Reach 56% of Quota ! Sale of “E” bonds in tha Dis trict’s Sixth War Loan drive climbed to $16,900,000 today. This is 56.3 per cent of the $30,000,000 quota. Individual sales rose to $30,700,000, or 66.7 per cent of the $46,000,000 quota. Wilmer J. Waller, District War Finance Committee chairman, ex pressed satisfaction at the latest figures. “There has been a meas urable gain above schedule in indi vidual sales and the E bond sales are on schedule,” he said. Sales in the drive now total $103, 000,000, or 109.6 per cent of the $94,000,000 quota. This has been made possible by the corporation purchases of bonds, which has reached 150 per cent of the $48,000, 000 quota. The corporation sales now total $72,300,000. The national total stood at $14, 930,000,000. The quota was $14,000, 000.000. Individual sales nationally were up to $3,345,000,000 and E bond purchases at $1,319,000,000. The national E bond goal is $2,500,000,000. In connection with the commis sioning of the destroyer Frank Knox in the Boston Navy Yard, Secretary of the Navy Forrestal commended the citizens of New Hampshire for their $11,000,000 wofth of bond purchases in the Fifth War Loan campaign, to cover the cost of the new fighting ship. “This action was symbolic of what the sale of War Bonds means to <See~WAR BONDSTPage A-127~ Budapest Battle Among Patriots, Nazis Reported Soviet Tanks Enter Northern Suburbs, Moscow Says ; By the Associated Press. LONDON, Dec. 12.—Fighting between Hungarian Patriots and ; German soldiers through the barricaded streets of Budapest was reported here today as Soviet forces hammered at the gates of the capital. 'Russian dispatches said Soviet tanks had battled into the north ern suburbs of Budapest.) Archduke Robert, brother of the pretender to the Austro-Hungarian throne, said the advices reaching him from Hungary described Buda pest as "a city of chaos, with Patriot forces emerging from underground and battling the Germans in various sections of the capital " Shelling of City Reported. Unconfirmed Stockholm reports quoted recent arrivals from Buda pest as saying Patriots held sections of the working class districts in the j city. A Berlin broadcast of a German I war reporter’s dispatch from Buda ' pest said the capital had been un ider heavy Russian artillery fire for ! 30 hours. The Nazi-controlled Hungarian radio announced that arrests and executions were being carried out : against members of the resistance forces. Desertions Admitted. An admission that Hungarian Army officers were deserting and joining the resistance movement also was made by the Hungarian radio in reporting the execution of Lt. Gen. Janos Kiss. Col. Jeno Nagy and three others. The radio said Gen. Kiss had directed the organi zation of the Hungarian front move ment on military lines. A German broadcast said barbed wire entanglements had been erect ed throughout Budapest, “and the nailed boots of the sentries ring out on the asphalt." Archduke Robert said “the best available information I have gives the organized Patriot strength in the capital at about 15,000 to 20.000. Reds Drive Westward Past Bend in Danube MOSCOW. Dec. 12 </P).—Russian tanks today battled into the north ern suburbs of Budapest, while an other powerful Soviet column drove westward past the great bend of the Danube above the city toward Bratislava and Vienna. Russian dis patches said. The main body of motorized Rus sian infantry' driving down the Danube on Budapest wras declared within full view of the capital, and tank units ranged on ahead. Hastily-reinforced German gar risons suffered high casualties in embittered, short-range fighting, and there were increasing bayonet clashes in the outer antitank zone, it was announced. Total Gains of 3 Miles. The Soviet communique an ! nounced total gains of 3 miles and capture of the towns of Veresegyhaz and Szada, both 8miles northeast of the capital, by Marshal Rodion Y. Malinovsey’s 2d Urkaine Army. Other Red Army troops edged in toward the capital from the east, south and southwest. (The Paris and Algiers radios said the Russians had penetrated Budapest, but this report ap- * peared without any foundation.) Malinovsky’s northern arm swept around the great bend north of Szob. In gains of up to 7 miles, the Russian front along the Central Slovak border was extended to nearly 30 miles. These advances put the Red Army troops within 85 miles of Bratislava, the Slovak capi tal and 116 miles from Vienna. Other Points Taken. On this front the Russians cap tured Hont, 3 miles west of the rail junction of Dregelypalank, taken Sunday, and also seized Varsany, 8K> miles southeast of Balassagyarmat, previously captured. Front reports indicated that while the Budapest fighting was in the final stage there still would be much resistance. The Germans are said to have thrown up virtually the same kind of anti-tank ring about Pest, the part of the city east of the Danube, as they did around Sevestapol. On the north it hinges on the big sub urban town of Uj Pest and on the south on the town of Csepel'on the island of the same name. Charles Town Results FIRST RACE—Purse, $600; 3-year-olds and up: about 4'/2 furlongs. Flying West (Franklin) 6.60 4 40 3 00 Rhyme Maker (Kelly) 3.60 3 00 Arch McDonald (Fiocchi) 8 20 Time, 0:564s. Abo ran—Bill K. Cast Out, Time Her. Blue Melody, Star Magic. SECOND RACE—Purse, $700; 4-year olds and up; claiming; 1miles Rough Amos (Coucci) 6.00 3.20 jZ 20 Maequel (Tammaro) 2.20'2 20 Miss Vep (La Voie) 6 00 Time, 2:07. Also ran—J. Hal. Bleak Heights, The Berries. G. C. Hamilton. Miss Amanda. (Daily Double paid $39.80.) THIRD RACE—Purse, $700; 3-year-olds and up; Charles Town course. Cominch (Fiocchi) 17.40 8.00 4.20 Clifton's Comet (Torrey) 18.40 10.00 Within (Kelly) 4 20 Time, 1:264 s. Also ran—Laugh and Play. Day After, Gay Padre, Golden Media. Exploit. _._, i DO YOU SUPPOSE THEY 1 don't like the Dumbarton I ^ OAKS PLAN? (maybe THEY’RE afraid flic U.S.SENATE worn taiKE IT _ m Toitftw- ,rw jeGaulii^ Stalin Sign mutual Assistance pact Terms Closely FArallel british-russian k AGREEMENT Opposition Fails to Develop At Hearing on 6 Nominations Clayton to Be Recalled Tomorrow; Connally Predicts Confirmation of All Secretary of- State Stettinius and his new State Department “team” filed swiftly in review be fore the Senate Foreign Rela tions Committee today and, un expectedly, no serious challenges were voiced by committee mem bers in questioning the six nomi nees. When the committee decided to adjourn until tomorrow morning, it had heard the prepared statements of all of the nominees, including Archibald MacLeish and Will L. Clayton, as well as testimony from Secretary Stettinius, who urged ap proval of the nominations. Committee members said Mr. Clayton would be recalled for ques tioning tomorrow. However, unless more opposition to the nomination develops, committee members said, the hearings probably will end then. After today's session. Chairman Connally predicted confirmation of! a!l(the appointees, including, in ad-I ditlon to Mr. MacLeish and Mr. Clayton. Joseph C. Grew to be Un dersecretary of State and the fol lowing other Assistant Secretaries:: Nelson Rockefeller. James C. Dunn and Brig. Gen. Julius C. Holmes. Senator Chandler. Democrat, of Kentucky, who is not a member of the Foreign Relations Committee, protested vigorously after today's session because he had not been ac i See NOMINATIONS. Page A-12.T Rebels Shell Athens, Try to Smash Into Center of Capital ELAS Peace Proposals Reported Drawn Up; Alexander in Greece By the Associated Press. ATHENS, Dec. 12.—Left-wing ELAS forces today sent shells crashing into Athens and con tinued their attempts to break into the center of the city. (An Athens broadcast said Field Marshal Sir Harold Alex ander, Allied commander in the Mediterranean, had arrived in Athens with Harold MacMillan, British minister resident in the Middle' East.) . RAF planes at dawn shot up ELAS reinforcements moving on the capi tal from Anoliosia, 5 miles to the northwest. Several shells fell near the center of Athens, some near British head quarters, and flames swept through numerous buildings. Fires in the market place threatened to get be yond control. Water supplies were cut off in large sections of the city. The ELAS, the militia of the Left ist EAM or National Liberation Front, last night began the attempt to drive into the heart of Athens, i A BBC broadcast said the ELAS had increased the shelling j of the qity seeking “to force a ! decision before British reinforce ments arrive.”) 3-Hour Battle Fought. British troops installed in the post office and ELAS forces occupying the Town Hall fought a three-hour battle in the night. A tank inter vened, firing on the hall's upper stories and starting a fire. But this morning the ELAS reoccupied the rest of the Town Hall and the adja cent streets. Peace proposals were reported being drawn up by rebel leaders, however. An impartial source described leaders of both the EAM and the ELAS as “realizing now that they will eventually lose” the bloody con flict with British and regular Greek troops. Demands Reduced. Declaring the left-wing leaders were now “relenting in their de mands” that the Government of Premier George Papandreou make way for another in which they would have control, this sourpe said the ELAS troops would withdraw from Athens and all the Department of Attica in return for guarantees that none would be prosecuted. The possibility of a peace, or at least a truce, also was strengthened by Publisher Dimitri Lambrakis, who has been working overtime as a ne gotiator. He reported EAM leaders as much more conciliatory than they were a week ago. Lambrakis asserted that estab lishment of a regency would help Greece “emerge from the tragic im passe she is in.” He declared “it is imperative” that King George II "accept setting up of a regency as suggested by political leaders.” The fighting is costing both sides heavily in casualties. No official figures have been issued on the British side, but they are mounting. It is estimated the ELAS have lost 4,500 killed, wounded and captured. This is believed to be nearly 10 per cent of the whole ELAS strength. A British soldier was killed near British headquarters in Centra^ (See GREECE, Page A-12.) Navy Rejected Work Of Hurley's Company, Senate Hearing Told | Supply Bureau Officer Says It Didn't Produce Single Acceptable Locker By the Associated Press. A naval officer testified today the Navy canceled a contract fori lockers with the Narragansett; Machine Co. because the com-i pany failed to produce a single acceptable locker. The testimony was given before the Senate Military Affairs Commit tee. which is holding hearings on the nominations of former Gov. Robert A. Hurley of Connecticut, (former vice president of Narragan- j (sett, and Lt. Col. Edward H. Heller '[ as members of the new Surplus War Property Board. Lt. J. M. Orr of the Navy's Bureau jof Supplies and Accounts told the committee the Pawtucket (R. I.) | firm failed to deliver the first of 1.572 | lockers on the scheduled date. Feb- j ruary 1, 1944. Later, Lt. Orr said, he and sev- ( eral other Navy officials visited the j plant and found that the company I had completed only one locker, j Some work on nine others had been j done. The single completed locker was rejected, he added, and a short time later the company’s contract was termniated for default. Mr. Hurley himself came in for praise before the committee when William L. Mooney, Hartford, Conn., retired vice president of Aetna Life Insurance Co., said he knew of no one who could better handle the job of disposing of an estimated $100,000,000,000 worth of surplus property. Everan Woodland, a civilian en gineer in the Navy’s Bureau of Ships, who. said he was among those visiting the Narragansett plant with Lt> Orr, told the committee the nine partially finished lockers were badly warped, doors fit poorly and there was evidence of poor welding. Under questioning by Senator Aus tin, Republican, of Vermont, both Mr. Woodland and Lt. Orr said the company had been given adequate priorities to obtain materials for the lockers. Lt. Robert Brown, attached to the office of the Navy's general counsel, testified that Narragansett had made deliveries on an earlier contract for lockers, though it lagged behind de livery dates. All of those lockers were accepted by the Navy, he added. Stadium Planning Bill Passed by House After Minor Changes Measure Establishes 9-Man Committee to Draft Plans for Project The House unanimously passed today a bill creating a commis sion to recommend plans for a Washington memorial stadium, \ There was no debate. Only a few minutes earlier, meet ing at the call of Chairman Ran dolph, the House District Com mittee amended the Senate-ap proved measure by House Minority Leader Martin, who had blocked passage yesterday. The changes are minor, merely specifying in the title and in the text of the meas ure that the commission is directed to consider and make recommenda tions as to the site of the postwar project. Bilbo to Seek Action. Chairman Bilbo of the Senate ! District Committee earlier had de ! dared he had no objection to the | changes, and that it was the in tention that the commission would recommend a site instead of "se lecting" one. Senator Bilbo is ex pected to bring the nowr amended bill before the Senate at the earliest possible moment, to complete leg islative action and send the bill to the White House for signature. The bill would create a commis i sion of nine members, three to be j members of the House, three of the Senate and three to be appointed | by the District Commissioners. The measure authorizes an ap propriation not to exceed $25,000 to cover the costs of the commission in its work of considering plans, sites and proposals to make the project self-liquidating. Band Bill Action Likely. Later in the day Chairman Ran dolph also planned to seek House approval on the bill to authorize use of city funds to support the Metropolitan Police Department band. This was blocked on the House i floor yesterday by an objection by Representative Case. Republican, of South Dakota, but overnight it was reported Minority Leader Martin had discussed the measure with Mr. ! Case and that the latter had with I drawn his opposition. There was some fear, however, i that objections might be raised by other House members, since the bill is under attack by spokesmen for the American Federation of Mu sicians. Like the stadium measure, the band bill would have to come up to day under the unanimous consent procedure. Nine of French Gestapo Sentenced to Death By the Associated Press. PARIS. Dec. 12.—Nine members of the French Gestapo were sen tenced to death today for collusion with the Germans and two 20-year old defendants were given life at hard labor. The nine included the ringleaders, Henri Lafonte and Charles Bony. A twelfth defendant, Edmond Dela haye, secretary to Lafonte, died in Fresnes Prison this morning a few hours before the verdict w»as an nounced. He suffered an acute at tack of diabetes in court yesterday. The 12 were in a group of French men who worked for the Germans, some in German uniform, and throughout the occupation staged a series of murders, kidnapings. tor tures, extortions and robberies in the guise of police activity. Cloudy and Colder Predicted Following Today's Light Snow Cloudy and colder weather jias in prospect here tonight in the wake of a light snow which ham pered Washington’s rush-hour traffic this morning. The city was on the edge of a heavy storm which continued to de velop today over the mountains of West Virginia. Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania and New England while gale warnings were hoisted along the Northeast coast and air traffic was at a virtual standstill. Snow began to mix with the rain here last night and'early motorists found their windshields coated and the streets covered with melting slush. Thousands were slightly delayed in getting to work. One of the worst traffic jams occurred at Four teenth and U streets just before's o’clock, when streetcars were tied up by a mishap blamed on w'eather conditions. By midmorning the temperature was just under freezing and was expected to remain near the freez ing point this afternoon, dropping to the middle 20s tonight. Other sections from Colorado to the Atlantic seaboard, and well into the South, were experiencing a pre view of a “white Christmas” today, the Associated Press reported. Pittsburgh was virtually para lyzed by a 15-inch snowfall which (See WEATHER, Page A-3.1 Engineer Killed, 10 Hurt in Train Collision Here Southern Flyer and Two Freights Crash Near Highway Bridge (Wreck Pictures on Page B-l.) The engineer of the Southern Railway’s crack Aiken-Augusta Special was killed and at least four other trainmen and five or six passengers were injured this morning in a collision involving three trains near the south end of Highway Bridge. * The man killed was Claude Baxter Beales, 55, of Alexandria, who died of burns a few hours after the flyer plowed into a freight car hurled in its path by a rear-end crash on an adjoining track in which a Balti more & Ohio freight struck a Penn sylvania freight as both were pro ceeding to Potomac Yards. The Southern engine rocked along for yards, dragging four cars off the track before it finally toppled to its side, at the edge of a pond just off the right of way. Traffic Tied l'p. Officials started an immediate in quiry into the cause of the wreck which occurred about 7:15 o'clock and tied up traffic several hours. The injured at Emergency Hos pital : William H. Smith, 26, 414 E. Glen dale avenue, Alexandria, Southern fireman, burns and cuts. He is the son of Mrs. P. H. Vennell of 336 Tenth street N.E., a post office em ploye. William Klinger. 22, of Philadel phia. B. & O. brakeman. Charles Sweeney, Philadelphia, B. & O. engineer, treated for shock. At Alexandria Hospital: Raymond Menker, Upper Darby, Pa., a fireman on the B. & O., suf fering chest injuries. There were about 250 passengers Ion the Southern train which left I Augusta, Ga.. at 2 p.m. yesterday land was due in here at 6:50 o'clock | this morning. Engineer on Line 32 Years. Mr. Beales, the dead engineer, lived on Cockrells Mills lane. Alex andria. He had been employed on the Southern for 32 years. He died at Emergency Hospital at 10:15 am. Mr Beales was born in Loudoun County, Va., near Leesburg. He is survived by his widow, Mrs. Ethel Beales, and six children. Mrs. D. C. Webb. Mrs. Elmer Thomas, Elmer Beales, a fireman employed by the Southern Railway; Betty and Betsy Beales, twins, and James Beales. , The wreck occurred while this area was struggling with a wet snowfall—the first of the season—• and ambulances summoned from nearby communities and military installations, found the going diffi cult as they hurried to the scene with medical aid for the victims. One ambulance coming from Fort Beivoir skidded on the slippery pavement, but Army authorities said no one was injured and that the vehicle was undamaged. MPs Quickly Reach Scene. The mail car, the express car and two passenger cars were thrown from the rails and partly overturned as the engine struck the hurtling freight car. Members of the mail crew were tossed into an end of the car and they reported later that when they finally were able to get outside they found a scene of con fusion as passengers and trainmen sought to find out just what had happened. Military police quickly reached the scene and the headquarters of the three railroads were notified. The injured were taken to Emer gency Hospital and Alexandria Hos pital and the Southern Railway chartered 25 Capital Transit buses to take passengers to Union Station from the wrecked train and others tied up by the wreck. Several railroads operate over the tracks of the Richmond, Fredericks burg & Potomac Railroad where the wTeck occurred, and those were tied up. Trains halted included 10 oper ated by the Southern and others by the R.. F. & P. and the C. & O. Among the trains held up were the C. & O.’s George Washington, from St. Louis and Cincinnati; the Atlanta Coast Line Champion, from Florida, and two sections of the Atlantic Coast Line's Palmetto Lim ited, from the South. Wrecking crews went to work im mediately to clear the line and repair trackage that was tom up, but it was thought that it would be midafternoon before traffic would be moving in both directions. Safety investigators of the Inter state Commerce Commission were sent to the scene as soon as the wreck was reported. Trains operate by block signal in the area in which the w’reck occurred. Bus Crash Injures Driver, 37 Array Personnel By the Associated Press. BALTIMORE, Dec. 12.—Thirty seven service personnel and a civil ian driver were hurt, four of' them seriously, when a bus bound for Fort Meade crashed into a standing freight car today at the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad crossing in West port. The condition of the bus driver, Ralph H. Hart, 46, of Marley Neck road, Anne Arundel County, was de scribed at University Hospital as “not so good." Three municipal ambulances, an Army ambulance and another bus were used to take the injured to University Hospital, where addi tional nurses and doctors w’ere sum moned to treat the soldiers. City police said the crossing was not protected by guard gates. Among the more seriously hurt were Corpl. Constant Jones, 31, face and possible internal injuries, and Pvt. John H. Olson, 25, back and leg injuries. Frank Monsees, 40, suf fered cuts and possible head and internal injuries.