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Cloudy, ultghtly wwmer, with tariff light ruin toddy. Fiir, eold tomorrow. Tempemturwi yenterdiiy- Hlghent, 38, «t 8:88 p,m ; lowe»t, 34, lit 4:08 mn, tJnliM ftutti W«th»r #uf**u H*port. - Hem* Dsllvsry The evening end Sunday Star Is delivered by earner in the city Mid suburbs at QOe per month when 4 Sundays! 11,00 per month when B Sundays. Telephone NA. BOO® _ An Anoclofd Pr*»i Ntwipoptr No. %073—No. 36,761. WASHINGTON, I). C\, DECEMBER 24, 1044-HIXTY-TWO .PAGES. ★★★ . i 11, ...■■■— —- ..... -— --—.... aggji TEN OUSTS m YANKS DENT LINE; AIR I Relief ColumnsSwing Into Action; 178 Nazi Planes Downed in Fights # German Penetration to Point 23 Miles From Sedan Is Revealed th* A *»«*<' HIM PARIS, Sunday, Dec, 24 Amcrdan relief column*, swinging up through l.ttxrpibmiig and soul liras! mi Bel gium hi their first effective countmiction, have bitten Into the southern flank of the German penetration which now has reached Blbramont, only 22 miles northeast of Sedan, Allied headquarters disclosed last night, With clearing skies, the world's mightiest air force also swung Into action with Ol)0 sortie* against llm German Invasion columns, cutting destructive swaths through (heir ranks and hammering their rear bases, Incomplete figures showed lltal a total of 17M enemy planes had been destroyed and '7 tanks and armored vehicles knocked out A total of UH motor transports, 71 railroad cars, 3 locomo tives and 7 gun positions also were destroyed and five rati ar teries cut lire loss of 3 heavy bombers and 13 fighters was reported by the United Wales Hth All Force, while the United Wales l»th Air Force announced it had lost 14 fighter-bomber* Added ti> these Impressive figures was the death of many Clrrman troops caught under the wings of the Allied planes sweep ing over snow covered roads where the enemy was firmly stlhou riled, amt the undoubted havoc caused by shattered oommunl cations. German Southern Flank Dented Allied headquarters, lilting a 43 hour time lag on front line news, gave Mil* report of the situation American troops still hold I.ibramont a five way mad junction trt miles from the northeastern French frontier. Hlrlklug north of the city of Luxembourg and also north of Arlnn, 13 miles northwest of l.tixembouig, American troops have dented the German southern flank, A front, dispatch covering this action through Friday morning >,;tid the Luxembourg counteraction was sprung north of Mersrh. a miles above Luxembourg City. Although this dispatch was cen sored. H contained these perhaps significant words • it Is obvious that In the eight days since the German* threw the dice in wnat probably 1* their last big gamble the Americans have had time to reform their forces" Kncourag.nfC new* »j*o earn* from the northern flank, where A*#vi2ated Pree* Corr#*pond*nt Wet Oai^Mjfher **54 Field Mar zr.a. Karl von Ran4*t*4l had veer, forced V? pail back one of 7 _». crack HR rEUte* 4,‘rfnion.* be '.ue £ wat to nadjy rna^.ed fry r;ard-f.*ht»r.i( dcisthboyt in the JCa.rcedy teeter. >*m le**« I tW l»ead. The German* left more than 1W5 dead in the kxw* below Maunedy Mr G*2*gher said, and a hard freeze setting in had the Yank.* grouped around small bonfire* across the battle-ridden field* and cross roads. Hundred* of Hitler's youthful troops are snow-covered lumps, dead in the no-man's land between the lines In that area, the dispatch said. The Americans, however, have lost’ Stavelot, 5 miles southwest of Malmedy, headquarters disclosed, and also confirmed the German announcement that St. Vith, 12 miles southeast of Stavelot, had been taken by the Germans. Masses of German armor were re ported pushing the Americans back slowly from St. Vith toward Viel salm, 9 miles to the west and 7 miles south of Stavelot. Su preme Allied headquarters described this action, where the Americans were trying to prevent a link-up of major German columns, as one of the epic stands of the war. The Americans slugged it out toe to toe and are still fighting with great courage, but are slowly being pressed back by superior forces. In the Malmedy sector the Ger mans still were trying to gather enough strength to break through and widen their penetration, head quarters said. In their western penetration one German spearhead in a 10-mile ad vance has reached Marche, 22 miles (See WESTERN FRONTTPageA^) Legion Post Opposes Japs Return to Oregon County By the Associated Press. HOOD RIVER, Oreg., Dec. 23.— The Hood River American Legion Post published quarter-page adver tisements in the local press today urging Japanese not to return to Hood River County. The post, which recently scratch ed Japanese-American servicemen's names from its honor roll, has been backing a campaign to prevent Nisei from resettling in this apple valley. “Public records show that there are about 24 or 30 families out of some 600 Japanese who have not already sold their property in Hood River County,” said the advertise ment. “We strongly urge these to dispose of their holdings. If you desire assistance from this post in! disposing of your land we pledge ourselves to see that you get a square deal. "If you do return we also pledge that to the best of our ability w>e will uphold law and order and will countenance no violence.” One Killed, 42 Injured In Coast Bus Crash By the Associated presi. SALINAS, Calif., Dec. 23.—One soldier was killed, five others may die, and 37 other persons were in jured when a bus skidded and plowed over an embankment at Fort Ord. First Sergt. Sylvester L. Kidd of: Dallas, Tex., lost his life. Seventeen others injured as the bus was leav ing the Army camp last night, were treated for skull fractures, punc tured lungs or broken limbs. Nazis Killed 700X33 In 3 Camps in Poland, Soviet Survey Shows ! Americans and Britons Among Victims; Details Of Atrocities Described B? ‘.he JUMCUtcd Prtn. MOSCOW, Dec. 23.—A Soviet extraordinary state commission investigating war crimes re ported today that 700,000 persons, including an undetermined num ber of citizens of the United States and Britain, had been killed by the Germans in three camps in Lwow Province, Poland. The report did not list the names of the Americans and Britons, nor did it give any further details con cerning them. The victims were said to include both civilians and prisoners of war. Writers, artists and musicians were made to wash the stairways of one seven-story building with their tongues, and then were compelled to pick up garbage with their lips, the report said. In another incident, the report related, the commander of one of the camps, the Yanov camp, threw two 4-year-old children into the air and shot them to amuse his own 9-year-old daughter Torture Devised. The committee said it also was established that at the three ramps —Yanov, Sitadel and Lisenitz—the Gestapo devised the “human icicle” treatment, which consisted of put ting bound prisoners into barrels of water and then placing the barrels outside in below-zero temperatures, with guards standing over them until they became frozen in ice. Nazi Gestapo Chief Henrich Himmler was said to have partici (SefrATROCITIESrPage~A--8.) Hundreds of U. S. Soldiers Held in FrenchGasT hefts Cigarettes Stolen By Carload; Group 'Nets' $200,000 PAR1H, Dee. 23 Hundred* of American aoldler* were disclosed today to Imve been arrested on charge* or hijacking and pilfer ing thousand* of gallon* of United Btate* gasoline, dga rcttc* and other supplies In tended for the Allied war ma chine, Officer* say the losse* have not affected the great battle now raging In Helrlum and Luxembourg, C’lgsreltrs nod pnsl exchange suppllen have been stolen In carload Ini* anil sold at fantastic price* on the French black market A tightening of the French gov* iMre III.IAf’KINO. Page A 4 r 15.C33 ELAS Storm Rightist Stronghold As Civil War Spreads British Indian Troopi Land in Port of Piraeut Under Naval Gun Support Plv thr leterl Pinm ATHKNH, Her 2S More limn IS,000 left,wing El,AH today stormed the rigid 1st, guerrilla, stronghold In Northwestern Greece, spreading civil war clear arrows the nation. At the same time, stlfT fighting erupted north of the Athens port of Piraeus, where British - Indian troop* landed under the support of naval gun* and rocket-firing Beau fighter*. British headquarters, which only isst night received the ELAS' reply to Its cease-fire ultlmatum^officlally declared the ELAS assault on the EDES stronghold around loannlna was an "unprovoked attack'’ In vio lation of an agreement reached be tween the rival faction* at Caaerta before the original British landings In Greece. While Lt. Gen. R. S. Scobie, the British commander, and Harold Mc Millan, British resident Minister in the Middle East, conferred on the situation, Indian troops battled the ELAS members north of the main harbor basin of Piraeus, southwest of Athens. British Advance Slightly. ELAS bands were holed up in factory buildings and the British made slight advances by capturing |the shell-damaged terminal station of the Piraeus-Athens interurban line. It was feared that the main re frigerating plant for meat supplies of the whole capital district was seriously damaged in the fighting in this district north of Kallipolis Peninsula. Indian troops on the western side of Piraeus Harbor consolidated their bridgehead, established this morn ing, and ELAS formations also were reported to have pulled out of the Southern Athens suburbs west of the main Athens-Phaleron road. Newly formed Greek National Guard de tachments, whose strength as a result of a call-up now has reached nearly 9,000, took over control of this area. The lowland from Piraeus east ward toward the line of the Ellisos River also is now declared com pletely free. In Fissariani and up to the stadium area at the back of Sappion Park, ELAS groups still are strongly entrenched, but the main (See GREECE, Page A-4.) i->>* \) .mu —si ^ ^Namur / /; / iRocharathy LNo^^tTksiS'*”5®1^ " , %m . £larvau StHubart >JFVBastogna * w„r . . L Wm-'&fri XC23 A H 4ad&/r , ISEDiNh '%,-.. \ m<--l ‘ *" >*-1 (™!“ euanceK' H / Y' ^_E, L GERMANS REACH MARCHE, LIBRAMONT—Open arrows indi cate German penetration in the week-old drive through Lux embourg and Belgium. Solid arrows indicate where Americans are holding and where gains were made (arrow from flag) i north of Mersch. _A. p. Wirephoto. 100 Jap Planes At Manila Field Raided by Yanks Americans Finish Destruction of Japs Near Ormoc to IH» A«*iih*I*iI Pnun OBN, MaoARTHUR’H HKAD* gUAltTKHH, Fhlllpphtpg, Sunday, Dpi'. M4 llPftdcjumlPift today ra« porlPd ft aomahlog daylight nlr raid on Clark FlPld, naur Mnnlln. in whirh ihp majority of loo utoiindpd JapauPAP pin op* warp dpntroypd. «nd alao an Id AniPt' loan troop* hnd roinplPt.Pd da* fttrurtlon of thp .lap* In Ihp bloody ormor porrldor of t,pytp Inlnod. I .that ahtr Immhara, oparattng ftnrrt 1*p>Ip mada lb* Clark Arid raid Friday, Phltlpplna* lima It wa* lha fitdaylight l.lbaiator oparatlon agnloai that main Jap. aoaaa alt paolar lo lha Phlllpplnpa. nod no Army apnkrtiman aald II wa* n flr*|apl»*a atirprl** In th» .lap* who gul only oloa of (halt flghlai* lo lha air In marl lha nnnnttll R Plane* llnwned, Wight of i hr nine Interceptors were shot down by Thunderbolt* Hie diaper** I *nrl in Ml *l*»* be ! I wren two of the eltaltlp* were left I enveloped In fire end smuke. Mb rratof crew* reported one Ire men I don* exploelon from which e smoke column rnae 6.00(1 feel. Yenke ripening np leyte's Ormoc corridor and pocketed Jspeneae to the eget. counted another 3,786 enemy deed In one dey, bringing the eight-day total to 16.601. The United States 77th Division, the communique said, la continuing to work its way westward from the corridor to the port of Palompon, last base of the remnants of enemy forces m that area. Participation of the 11th Air borne Division in the West Leyte fighting was disclosed for the first time. It Is commanded by MaJ. Gen. Joseph M. Swing. It did much of the heavy fighting in the rugged mountainous terrain southeast of Ormoc and east of the battlefront where the 77th Division and the 7th Division closed a trap on the ene my’s Yamashita line and turned the Leyte campaign toward a victorious end. Planes Carry Guns. A single C-47 transport dropped < all the 11th Division paratroopers and equipment used in the opera- j tion. Special parachute racks were built under the plane's body to carry the weight of mountain guns. The plane was piloted alternately by Maj. William Martin of Chicamauga.Ga., and Lts. John W. Patterson of Dan ville, 111., and Alvin R. Johnson of Des Moines, Iowa. It took a neat bit of flying to do the job. The transport had to poke its way through cloud-shrouded val leys and dip down to 600 feet to drop its loads, then pull up sharply to clear a hill ahead. It took 10 missions to do the job. Only once did a ’chute hang up in (See PHILIPPINES, Page A-4.) Allies Plan Robot Raids On Japan, Berlin Hears By the Associated Press. STOCKHOLM, Dec. 23. — The Swedish newspapers Aftontidningen and Express today said reports were circulating in Berlin suggesting that the Japanese mainland soon would be hit by clouds of robot bombs. The reports said the bombs would be delivered “within two or three weeks” from an armada of Allied merchant ships especially designed to shoot the bombs. Elite Nazi Division Leaves 1,000 Dead In Square Mile By WES GALLAGHER, Associated Press War Correspondent. IN THE MALMEDY SECTOR, BELGIUM, Dec. 23.—Leaving more than 1,000 dead in a single square mile, the German command had to pull back a battered Elite Guard division today that had been mauled by American doughboys for the past five days. During the night, the entire com plexion of the front has changed on this vital northern flank. Hard-freezing weather put a firm crust on fields and roads that were slush 12 hours ago. The skies cleared and thousands of Allied planes roamed the battle area. The cold was so bitter that sol diers behind the actual front grouped around small bonfires in fields and at crossroads. The German Air Force continues active over the whole battle front, giving the Allies a real fight for air supremacy. For the first time since the landings in France in June, travel along rear area roads has been subject to strafing and bombing by elusive German fighters. The German advance has sloped, but the enemy still has a powerful punch in reserve. x Holiday Crowds Jam Station, Delay Trains; Many Are Left Behind Civilian Travelers Said to Make Up Half Of 250,000 in Throng THOUWANIW KXPRd'K!) s' Com mtmilv Christmas tree ceremony tills afUtimoti Cab** A-S, Union BUtion surged yesterday with n Christmas - journeyln* throng estimated at more than 250,000, the grealrst crowd lit Its history, a Jam that choked con-; course and waiting room throughout the day and pre vented many from catching their trains. While the station seethed with Its mass of pushing, bruising thous ands. the rest of the Capital com pleted preparations for the fourth wartime Christmas, a holiday made more aolemn by the crucial battle of Western Europe, where millions of American boys are fighting. Determined Christmas travelers, apparently half of them civilians. Servicemen Pocket Their Train Tickets And Take to Road A motorist driving toward Pennsylvania yesterday picked up two servicemen near the District line. They were going to a point in Pennsylvania. Settling down in the car. they showed the driver two railroad tickets for their destination. "We couldn’t get on the train,” they explained. "We couldn't get through the Jam at Union Station. We gave up and decided we might as well hitch hike. We didn't want to spend our whole leave waiting for a train.’’ literally stormed each train as it was called at Union Station. A large police detail tried to keep a semblance of order, and, though the travelers evidently were doing their best to co-operate, they were more or less helpless when swept up in the tide of throngs rushing to ward trains, and many persons were bruised. Many Civilians in Throng. At a peak time for train depar tures late in the day, a veteran sta tion official estimated the crowd at more than 250.000. He said it was the largest in his experience, which dated back 37 years to the time the great structure was built. He esti mated Friday’s crowd at 200,000. A survey of the concourse and the waiting room disclosed apparently as many civilians as soldiers and sailors, which seemed to indicate that many civilians disregarded the warnings of ODT and tried to travel anyway. Most of the outgoing through trains for the South and the West carried three sections. But coaches were jammed soon after gates were opened, and hundreds were unable to get near their trains. Great num bers undoubtedly were left behind (See CHRISTMAS, Page~A^9j Fair and Cold Weather Forecast for Tomorrow Washingtonians hoping for a White Christmas are apt to be dis appointed, the Weather Bureau forecast last night. The weather tomorrow, he said, is expected to be fair and cold, probably like that of yesterday, when the thermometor ranged from a low of 24 degrees at 4:04 a.m. to a high of 36 degrees at 8:56 p.m. Christmas eve also is expected to present Santa Claus’ reindeer with the task of pulling the sleigh through rain instead of snow. The weather today should be milder than either yesterday or tomorrow, the weather man said. Radio Programs, Pg. 8-9 Complete Index, Pg. A-2 BULLETIN ” Five Killed in Two Fire$ Here Five persons lost lliolr lives In two tires In Washington early today. .1 W, DeWllt Moore, an employe of the Capital Transit Co.j his wife, l<cltle; a voting son amt a daughter were burned to death In a fire which badly damaged their home at am hherldan street N W, . Mr, and Mrs, Moore, a son. Hubert, A, and a daughter Margie, tl, were pronounced dead by Casualty Hospital rhyslelan Dr. W It. Ml tong The Moores' two other sons, DeWItt Clinton, Ift, and William. It, were not In the house at the time. They were at a newspaper substation a few block* away and were returning to their home when they saw flames shooting out of the second-floor window. William dashed to a nearby Are alarm boa and pulled an alarm while De Witt went to a neighbor's house and. after rousing the occupants, had them telephone for the Are engtne*. Firemen said all the dead were In a second-floor bedroom. John Jones. Ad, colored watchman, was burned to death In a watchman's shanty at the Robinson coalyard tn the 11W block of (iood Hope road S.E. Point-Free Meats, Vegetables Slated for Return to Ration List OPA Reported Planning to Announce Drastic Move Effective December 31 By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH, Associated Press BUS Writer. Virtually all point-free meats and canned vegetables will be back on the ration list by the start of the new year, it was learned last night. The OPA, reliable sources said, is prepared to announce the drastic move Wednesday. New point values, now being dis cussed, probably will be .effective December 31. The decision is understood to af fect practically all cuts of beef, veal, lamb and pork as well as all major canned vegetables. The affected 1 foods have been ration-free since last May. Because of continuing need for freezer space in warehouses for military commodities, frozen fruits and vegetables probably will stay point-free. Jams, jellies and pre serves are not expected to be re turned to the list. Restoration of points to the wide variety of meat cuts and vegetables will be a major victory for OPA over the War Food Administrtion. For the last five months, OPA has recommended that point-free meats and vegetables be put back under (See RATIONING7Page A^57> 1,500 U. S. Flyers Listed Among Swiss Internees By the Associated Press. Some 1,500 United States airmen, forced down during bombing mis sions to Germany, had been interned in Switzerland up to last October 1, the Swiss Legation said yesterday. A total of about 95.000 refugees of 20 nationalities had been ad mitted to Switzerland on that date. The American airmen were among 16.000 military internees. Other refu gee classes are: 48,500 civilians from adjacent war zones; 18,500 former Italian soldiers; 7.500 emigrants blocked by the war from proceeding to their destination; 3,300 escaped prisoners of war; 700 deserters from various armies and 500 soldiers of various countries, hospitalized in Switzerland by their governments. Adolf Berle Slated for Post As Ambassador to Brazil By the Associated Press. Adolf A. Berle is slated for ap pointment as Ambassador to Brazil, it was learned authoritatively yes terday. Mr. Berle resigned as Assistant Secretary of State in the recent de partmental shakeup. He has had long experience with international and political affairs although this will be his first foreign diplomatic post. Mr. Berle came to the depart ment in the early days of the New Deal as one of President Roosevelt’s brain trusters. Children's Shoes Join Critical Products List By the Associated Press. In an attempt to boost output, the War Production Board has placed certain sizes of infants’ and chil dren’s shoes on the critical products list. The action covers infants’ sizes 4ts to 8 and children’s sizes. 8 to 12. Taken because of manpower shortages in the industry, the meas ure provides that local production urgency committees will consider the labor needs of these producers when the requirements of the most critical war programs have been met. Burton Supports Plan For Representation Of District in Congress Reveals Proposed Draft Of Amendment Giving Ballot to Washington Senator Burton, Republican, of Ohio announced last night he would support the Sumners Capper proposal for a constitu tional admendment to give Washington representation in Congress and the electoral col lege, if the same treatment were accorded to residents of Federally owned areas in the States now similarly disfranchised. He also made public the suggested draft of a joint resolution for a constitutional amendment proposing that District residents be treated as though they were voting residents of Maryland (from which the present District territory was obtained) for the purpose of national elections This draft, he explained, was the wording suggested by the Senate’s legislative drafting counsel to carry out ideas he had expressed earlier. Without final personal commitment, he released this for public reaction. Summing up his present views on the subject, Senator Burton said: “I firmly believe that residents of the National Capital should be given the franchise and I can see no valid reason why they should not have it. There are several ways in which this might be granted. "A part of the District of Colum bia was land ceded by Maryland. Another portion came from Virginia but that portion since has been subject to retrocession, so that to day all that remains is that given by Maryland. "I had thought the simplest thing, as to giving Washington a vote, would be to treat the Distiict as still a part of Maryland for national election purposes. Under the sug gested draft I have received from the Senate's legislative coupsel, Dis trict representatives in the House (See REPRESENTATION, Pg. A-4.) Racing Banned; Athletes Face Draff Recheck Drastic Manpower Move Cracks Down On Sports Activities COMMENT HY l.iADUBiitf racing, baseball and football Apart* rage*. By JAMKM Y, NKWTON. The While House yesterday cracked down or) Atnerlran sport* arUvlty by asking all rare track# to cl owe by January 3 and In structing selective service to re view the draft qualification# of professional athletes In a third phase of one of the most drastic mantaiwet native# of tha war, the flovetmuertt derided to deny material*, fuel and transports Hon to "i#as-eascntiai" employer# who fell to comply with directive# regatding hiring control# and em ployment celling# This would force recalcitrant plant# to shut down, Wai Mobilisation three tor ftvroe# dts'loaed the three action#, the race track baft, spplheble to all animal racing/' and the Inser tion of "teeth" Ih Industrial man power regulations are intended to combat war worker absenteeism, conserve vile! fuel and transporta tion and to aid In recruiting labor to meet the enlarged arms pro gram - Although Mr Pyrites, "with ap» prove I of I he President," ashed rac ing management to dose their plants voluntarily hr earned that failure in comply with tlte order would result tn the dental of man power and transportation to the Industry The ultimatum covered all forma of the sport Worse taring, trotting and dog racing Track* are to refrain from renaming racing . . until war conditon* permit." Track* Prvmtw tn-npenittan. Tit* statement brought immediate promls** of co-operation from *1X_ major track operators and leader* of the sport, indicating that* prob ably trill be no more racing arier January 5 until the European mar ; is man. Th* racing industry tNk the blow standing up.” although there were comments f«*n many that the eco nomic effect tnil be ruinous, panic*! larlv to small operators. In the request to have draft boards check on why professional athletes are not in service, Mr, Byrnes said it was difficult for him and for the public to understand how men can be physically unfit for military service and "yet be able to compete in games demanding physi cal fitness.” Mr. Byrnes' action was reminis cent of the 1918 "work or fight” or der of Secretary of War Baker which closed professional baseball for the final month of the season. If the World War had not ended a few months later, there undoubt edly would have been no baseball the following year. Hershey Sends Out Order. Whether Mr. Byrnes' action will go so far as to shut down profes sional sports, already hit by a man power shortage, was not clear last night. To some it appeared largely ‘psychological” and another step to combat home-front complacency. In view of the manpower short age, the mobilization director told Selective Service Director Hershey, he thought serious consideration should be given to “recalling these men into the armed services or where they have not heretofore been inducted, calling them for another physical examination." Gen. Hershey immediately advised Mr. Byrnes that he was directing local boards to review the classi fications of men known to be in professional athletics. The draft head noted in his letter that Gen. Marshall recently directed that no nationally prominent athletes, stage, screen and radio figures be dis charged from the Army without re ferral to the War Department. Prior to this order, any command ing officer was free to release such men. ' 0* Adds “Teeth” to Regulations. Following threats of similar ac tion in recent months, Mr. Byrnes reported he finally had asked the War Production Board to withdraw priority ratings and allocation rights for materials “from those less essential establishments and services which are unwilling to comply with the employment ceilings established by the War Manpower Commission (See RACES, Page A-19.) I-—-1 No Roto Section in Today's Sunday Star The Star regrets that the short age of paper makes it neces sary to omit the Rotogravure Section os a feature in today's Sunday Star. News and all other features are consolidated in the A and B sections. No Night Final Edition Tomorrow The Star will observe Christ mas Day as usual tomorrow by eliminating the Night Final Edition. Subscribers will re ceive the regular Home Edition.