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Clearing and windy this afternoon. Colder tonight and tomorrow. Temperatures today—.Highest, 55. at 8 a.m.; lowest, 38, at 2 a.m. Yes terday—Highest, 39, at 11:50 p.m.; lowest, 30, at 12:01 am. _New York Markets Closed Today. Guide for Readers Page. Amusements ... A-It Comics _B-14-15 Editorial .A-6 Edit! Articles—A-7 Lost and Found, A-3 Obituary .A-8 Page. Radio .B-15 Society ..B-3 Sports .A-9 Where to Go_B-5 Woman’s Page, B-9 An Associated Press Newspaper 93d YEAR. —Xo. 36,767. WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, JANUARY 3, 1945—TWENTY-SIX PAGES. ★★ ________ P__ City Home Delivery. Delly and Sunday S /^T^XT^TS Me a Month. When 6 Sunday*. $1.00. •-* X»o« Five Blows at 7th Army Line Hint New Offensive by Von Rundstedt Patton Striking at Waist of Bulge Beyond Bastogne (Map on Page AS.) It the Associated Press. PARIS. Jan. 1.—Third Army troops have shattered a strong German counterattack seeking again to pinch off Bastogne, while other forces of Lt. Gen. George S. Patton were reported today to be striking heavily northeast to narrow the 13-mile waist of the Belgian bulge. The counterattack cost Marshal von Rundstedt It tanks. The Germans hit with tanks, ar tillery and infantry at Chenogne, southwest of Bastogne, and north of Letrebois to t/he southeast. At these points the enemy columns were 5>2 miles/apart. Nazis Attack 7th Army. Meanwhile, the Germans smashed at the United States 7th Army line on a 10-mile front on both sides of Bitche in five successive attacks, two of them in battalion strength, in what may be another major blow by Von Rundstedt. It is too early yet to assay the weight of the onslaught, but the German commander's Christmas offensive ac, ass Luxembourg into Belgium started in much the same fashion. Bitche is a strong point in the old Maginot Line, 13 miles south of the German industrial city of Zweibrucken. Luftwaffe Challenges Allies. The best flying weather in well over a week touched off blazing air battles over the western front. The Luftwaffe came up by the hundreds to answer the challenge of Allied air forces and 53 German craft were claimed as definitely de stroyed in preliminary reports. Of these, 33 were downed in a swirling battle above an American airfield in Belgium. ' Some 50 Messerschmitt 109s and Focke Wulfs attacked the field and were met by American fighter de fenses which knocked down all but 17 of the attack group. (The German communique said American positions had been at tacked on a wide front on both sides of Bitche on a sector “from which major forces have been withdrawn.” The enemy claimed the destruction of 121 tanks yes terday between the Meuse and Moselle Rivers.) Northern Flank Quiet. Supreme headquarters said the northern flank of the Ardennes salient was quiet. Northeast of *he corridor to Bastogne, Gen. Patton's men were attacking to the north east. Immediately south of Wiltz the 3d Army made some progress northward. Farther east the 3d captured Reisdorf south of thg Sure River and 4'2 miles east of Diekirch. The battle remained fluid and in decisive. Both armies had the same aim: To pinch off large segments of op posing troops. The Germans once again appeared to be striving for the road center of Bastogne where the 101st Air-borne Division scid “Nuts” to Von Rundstedt's demand for surrender. The Allied aim was to pinch off the whole western end of the German salient. Battle dispatches covered action only up to yesterday morning. These reported German resistance stiff ened south of Wiltz and said Nazi artillery was more active east of Bastogne and in the Saarlautern bridgehead area in the Saarland. Kocneioris Kecapiure lonnrmea, Supreme headquarters confirmed i lie recapture of Rochefort, 25 miles northwest of Bastogne. A front dispatch reported only patrol action along the north side of the bulge. The determined enemy efforts to cut into the Bastogne salient from both sides betrayed his anxiety lest ihis area become a springboard for a drive across the Belgian waist to trap an estimated three to five Ger man divisions west of Bastogne. Saturday night accounts, finally passed by censors today, said the 3d Army had gained up to 2 miles in eight hours in a renewed tank attack and infantry drive northeast ward from the Bastogne sector. The attack was along a 7-mile front west and southwest of Bastogne. It pro gressed smoothly without real re sistance until it reached a point 2 miles south of St. Hubert, where German defenses stayed the ad vance. The southern edges of Moircy, 11 miles west of Bastogne. and Re magne. 10 miles southwest, were reached before the Nazis cracked One additional man from the District area has been re ported killed in this war. See “On the Honor Roll," Page A-2. (See WESTERN FRONT. Page A-5.) Kesselring Death Report Leaves Allies Skeptical By the Associated Press. ROME, Jan. 1.—As far as the Allied command in Italy is con cerned. Field Marshal Albert Kes selriug is still alive. That was a headquarters spokes man's comment today on a Brussels broadcast quoting a purported order of the day from Adolf Hitler an nouncing the death of the German commander in Italy. The spokes man said there were rumors a few weeks ago that Kesselring was wounded and it was possible he died, but no information to that effect had been received. Reich Will Never Capitulate, Hitler Declares in Broadcast Defeatists Warned, War Aims of Allies Denounced; Speech Sounds Apathetic (Hitler Text on Page A-4.) Bt the A&sociated Press. LONDON, Jan. 1.—Adolf Hitler warned his people today that the defeatists within their midst would be destroyed and declared that “the end of the war will not come before 1946 unless by a German victory, because Ger many will never capitulate.” In a speech that sounded apa thetic, Hitler described the war as "a merciless struggle for existence" and said, "we are going to destroy everybody who does not take part in the common effort for the coun try or wrho makes himself a tool of the enemy.” His radio address broke a silence of more than five months, but did not completely erase the mystery j that has surrounded him since the! night of July 20 when he hurried to the microphone and told of a bombing attempt on his hfe. Most veteran London monitors agreed that the speech was in Hit ler's voice. However, Louis P. Loch ner, chief of the former Associated Press Bureau in Berlin, said that if the voice was Hitler's he is a totally changed man. Mr. Lochner pointed out that the speech imitated Hitler as far as pronunciation was concerned but was “completely lack ing in the old Hitler passion and consuming fervor." The broadcast was broken fre quently by an incoherent ghost voice. The German radio said Hit ler spoke “from his headquarters.” There was some speculation in Lon don that it might have been a re cording. Referring to the night of the at- j (SeeHiTLER”Page~A-4.i j 5th Army Retakes All Lost Ground East 01 Serchio in Italy Americans Advance 1 Viz Miles; 8th Army Takes Several Towns By the Associated Press. ROME. Jan. 1. — Fifth Army troops pressing forward in the Serchio River area of the Italian front, have recaptured all the ground taken by the Germans east of the river in their recent heavy attack, Allied headquarters announced today. Advancing from Barga, which was retaken yesterday, the American forces drove a mile and a half and occupied the hill town of Sommo colonia. which had been one of the first strongholds to fall before the abortive enemy offensive. On the Po Valley front 8th Army troops continue to move forward north of Paenza, capturing several localities against strong enemy re sistance. Fifth Army troops also made small gains west of the Serchio River under fire from Germans en trenched in the hills overlooking Gallicano. The Allied advances on the east side of the river amounted to about 4 miles in the last few days. Allied patrols on the right flank of the 5th Army sector below Bo logna were met by heavy German Are while attempting to cross the Senior River, near Rivola, and had to withdraw. Meanwhile, the Germans stepped up their heavy mortar fire in the central sector adjacent to the Florence-Bologna highway. Urgent Needs in War Effort Listed in OWI Plea By the Associated Press. The Office of War Information said today: ‘The Government needs and asks its citizens in this 160th week of the war to: “Destroy all invalidated food ra tion stamps—their use is a violation of rationing regulations. “Fill 5.500 jobs for men and wom en making cotton duck critically needed by our armed forces. “Donate 100.000 books to the American merchant marine library. Books provide relief from ‘torpedo tension' and ‘convoy fatigue.’ “Volunteer as a price panel as sistant. Fifty thousand workers are needed immediately—to help pre vent inflation—help hold prices down. "Stick to your war job to speed and maintain a steady flow' of sup plies to our men on the fighting fronts.” ELAS See Scobie Again; Damaskinos Takes Oath By the Associated Press. ATHENS. Jan. 1.—A new visit of an ELAS delegation to Lt. Gen. R. M. Scobie, British commander, to discuss a possible truce in the Greek civil strife was reported today after Archbishop Damaskinos of Athens became Regent of the nation. The archbishop took the oath of regency last night following the resignation of Premier George Pa pandreou and the entire Greek cabinet. Meanwhile, fighting continued in Athens and its port of Piraeus. Alexander Svolos, former EAM Finance Minister, returned from ELAS territory and,said the Left wing group was conciliatory con cerning formation of a new cabinet and was insisting that the min istries of war and the interior be given to persons of common con fidence. Villarroel Cabinet Quits LA PAZ, Bolivia, Jan. 1 UP).—It was announced last night that the cabinet of Lt. Gen. Gualberto Vil larroel. President of Bolivia, had resigned and had been replaced by a new' ministry in which the Na tionalist Revolutionary Movement (MNRi has three portfolio*. Yanks Using Tactics Of Indians to Destroy Last Japs on Leyte Isolated Pockets of 200 To 300 Men Wiped Out In Dawn Attacks By the Associated Press. GEN. MacARTHUR'S HEAD QUARTERS. Philippines. Jan. 1. —Doughboys mopping up Leyte j resorted to warfare in the style of the American Indian—moving rapidly by night and striking isolated pockets at dawn—as they brought to 117,997 the total Japanese dead on the bloody Philippines island. Gen. MacArthur said in his com munique today that 1,191 more Jap anese had been killed in the 24 hours ended Friday. Organized resistance on Leyte was declared ended Christmas Day, but small bands of Japanese still roamed the rugged country, forag ing for food and fleeing the Yanks, who control the Ormoc Valley and all main roads. Jap Planes Attack Shipping. In Indian style, Gen. MacArthur's, men were pursuing these scattered! remnants of Japan's blue ribbon di-! visions, wiping out pockets of 200 to 300 men marooned on the north west shoulder of the island. The Japanese hurled new air as saults against American shipping and installations at Mindoro Island on Saturday, but 14 of 32 attacking planes were shot down. Gen. Mac Arthur reported. In two days of such assaults 22 enemy aircraft; have been destroyed. No mention was made of Ameri can assaults or damage. (The Japanese Domei news agency claimed, wholly without confirmation, that 1 lore trans ports and three addi, onal cruis ers had been sunk or damaged, for a two-day total of 33 Amer ican ships.) Liberators operating from Min doro and Leyte airfields hit choice targets on Luzon Island and sank a 6.000-ton freighter-transport in Lin gayen Gulf. Oil Refineries Fired. A small freighter and three coastal vessels were sunk and others under construction were strafed as me dium bombers ranged over Borneo. Petroleum refineries were set ablaze. Fifty-eight tons of bombs were dumped on Celebes Island, and 69 tons hit airdromes in the Moluccas. New Guinea, New Britain and New Ireland were raided. (At Pearl Harbor, Admiral Nimitz announced Liberator raids Thursday and Friday on Iwo Jima, the heavily hit little island in the Volcano group which serves Japan as a takeoff point for bomber strikes against Saipan, the American B-29 base. (Moderate antiaircraft fire met the raiders, although these were the 22d and 23d raids in Decem ber alone. (Other bombing flights hit the far Northern Kuriles, the West ern Carolines, Wake Island and remaining enemy bases in the by-passed Marshalls. Rocket firing Mitchells attacked ship ping between the Volcano and Bonin groups, harassing the enemy’s lines of supply.) Key Japanese Point in Burma Captured By the Associated Press. SOUTHEAST ASIA COMMAND HEADQUARTERS, Kandy, Ceylon. Jan. 1.—British troops have occupied Rathedaung, key Japanese defense point on the east side of the Mayu River 25 miles north of Akyab, with out meeting opposition, Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten’s headquar ters announced today. The western arm of the pincers thrust on the railroad above Man dalay advanced to within 16 miles of Yeu, 70 miles north of Mandalay. This wing of the pincers was swing ing down the Shwegyln road across the Chindwin Valley toward the railroad from the west, while other forces pushed down the railway from the north. 28 Servicemen Among 50 Dead in Train Wreck 81 Persons Injured In Rear-End Crash on Salt Lake Causeway By the Assocleted Press. OGDEN, Utah, Jan. 1—About 50 persons died and 81 others were injured in the Sunday crash of a speeding Southern Pacific mail-express and a slowly moving passenger train—both westbound—on a fog-shrouded causeway in shallow waters of Great Salt Lake. Railroad officials announced in San Francisco that 48 bodies had been recovered from the wreckage. Twenty-eight of the dead are serv-1 icemen. Forty of the injured also are members of the armed forces. The passenger section of 18 cars left Ogden at 5:38 am., and the second train, 20 cars, followed 12 minutes later. The collision oc curred at 6:40. One of West's Worst. It was one of the worst railroad accidents in the history of the West. A woman passenger called it "a terrible, screaming collision, fol lowed by screaming, sobbing shrieks of the injured.” A sailor said a telescoped coach “was virtually pulverized, seats and bodies crushed together.” (An Arlington <Va.t woman, Mrs. Ruth Thomas, wife of Capt. John W. Thomas. 2600 South Wayne street, suffered a frac tured ankle In the collision. Her husband, who is stationed at the War Department, said he had talked to Mrs. Thomas at an Ogden hospital by telephone and that she is not seriously injured. Capt. Thomas said his wife waa en route to her home in Berkely, Calif.) Tije 18-car passenger train, first section of the Pacific Limited No. 21, was running slowly along the cause way that leads to the trestle cross ing Great Salt Lake when it was struck from behind bv me second section, made up of 20 mail and express cars. Locomotive Hits Pullman. The locomotive of the second section boied into the rear Pullman of the passenger unit. Force of the impact sent another sleeping car smashing through the dining car and farther ahead slammed one coach into the wooden coach ahead of it. Care of the express section piled up crossways of the track behind the engine, some of them sliding down the causeway embankment into W'ater. Most of the dead were taken from the reiy- Pullman car and from the telescoped coach. Maj. John E. Moran, chief of the intelligence section of the Eastern Security District, 9th Service Com mand. disclosed the death toll in cluded 10 Army men. 17 naval per sonnel and one marine. Relief Agencies Taxed. Relief agencies were taxed to capacity and preparation of cas ualty lists was necessarily slow. Railroad officials refused to hazard a guess as to the cause of the acci dent, but ordered an immediate in vestigation. Federal Bureau of Investigation agents disclosed a preliminary in (See TRAIN WRBCfcTPage A-37)“" Russians Drive Nazis From Two-Thirds of ; Western Budapest Northeastern Hungary Cleared of Germans On 200-Mile Front Br the Associated Press. LONDON. Jan. 1.—Hard-fight ing Russian shock troops have hurled the Germans out of two thirds of Buda, the western half of Budapest, and today neared the Danube embankment in the j center of the burning Hungarian; capital. Battling amidst scenes of slaugh ter unrivaled since Stalingrad, Red Army units overran 300 blocks of houses and buildings in Buda yes terday, while in Pest, eastern half of the capital, Soviet spearheads had driven 3 miles into inner de fenses. Nasi Remnants Smashed. Simultaneously, north of the city Russian troops smashed the last enemy remnants trapped in the j Pilis hills in the Danube knee and swept the Germans out of North eastern Hungary into Slovakia on a 200-mile front from the mouth of the Ipolv River to the frontier town of Satoraljaujhely. A midnight Soviet bulletin said 3.700 Axis troops have been killed in the New Year ev^ battling in the heart of Budapest, making a 48-hour toll of 7,300. Twenty-two tanks and self-propelled guns were captured The Russians were blowing up fortified buildings in the hills of Buda, burying the die-hard German defenders. "Pierce struggles are taking place for every building,” the communique reported. River Crossed Again. The Russians scored other suc cesses on the Hungarian front yes terday, plunging to within 6 miles southeast of the Slovak rail junc tion of Losonc (Lucenec), 55 miles northeast of Budapest, and made a new crossing of the Hron River at two points west of Leva (Levies). In the latter sector the Russians were only 65 miles from Bratislava and 93 east of Vienna. Meanwhile. Nazi commentators on the Berlin radio told of Russian preparations for a big winter offen sive. They said the Red Army was massing men and materials on the way to Krakow. Partial List of Wreck Victims Names of 12 Servicemen Killed Are Given; Brakeman and Engineer Among Dead Es the Associated Press. BUSHNELL GENERAL HOS PITAL. UTAH, Jan. I.—Military officials listed today the names of these servicemen killed in the Southern Pacific train wreck near Ogden yesterday: Grant F. Smith, seaman first class, Barbourville, Ky. Joseph J. Zehnley. steward's mate, second class, Long Prairie, Minn. William S. Robbins, seaman, first class, Westville, N. J. Pvt. Cecil G. Luttrell, San Rafael, Calif. Pvt. Walter Bernstein, Oakland, Calif. George S. Scott, fireman, first class, San Francisco. Pvt. Robert E. Wieland, Lake View, Iowa. Corpl. Israel Rand, New York City. Sergt. Anton P. Druskis, Omaha. Pvt. Glenn E. Youirians, Kensett, Iowa. Gordon N. Roland, carpenter’s mate, first class, Bayport, Minn. Wilford Smith, water tender, first class, Jolo, W. Va. Names of others will be an nounced as next of kin are notified. Some Civilian Names Given. OGDEN, Utah, Jan. 1 (JP).—'The Southern Pacific Railroad has an nounced a partial list of civilian dead in the train wreck west of Ogden Sunday morning: James McDonald. Ogden, engi neer, second taction. William S. Duerdon, brakeman. John Balkius. Grand Rapids, Mich, (believed to be same as John Bohlos listed as injured). Mr. and Mrs. Leroy Porter and daughters, Mary and Peggy, Sparks. Nev. Mr. and Mrs. Jack Francis, Carlin, Nev. Paul Fonseca, Repburg, Idaho. Civilian Injured Taken To Ogden, San Francisco SAN FRANCISCO. Jan. 1 </P>.— The Southern Pacific Co. has an nounced the following civilians as among the injured in the wreck near Ogden and treated at hospitals here: John Bolhus, Grand Rapids, Mich. Mrs. Joe Edwards, Cartersville, Ga. Ver Beareld, Warren. Pa. B. R. Green, Pullman conductor, no address. The railroad announced the fol lowing had been received at an Ogden hospital: Riddle Hoover, address not veri fied. Joe Edwards, Cartersville. Ga. Mr. and Mrs. A. G. Barris, Chero kee, Iowa. (Mrs. Barris apparently uninjured.) M. E. Hardman, fireman, no. ad dress given. Ann Buttl, no address given, en route to Oakland, Calif., to meet her husband. Phyllis Mattson, Martlngrove, 111. Arthur Semlick. Milwaukee, Wls. Death Comes for Boy Who Saw Santa Early B» the Associated Press, PRESCOTT, Ariz , Jan. 1—Pour vear-old Joey Stazenskl, whose tragic plight brought a pre-Chriat mas visit from Santa Claus, died with the old year yesterday. The boy, victim of a malignant throat tumor, met death in the arms of his father. Stanley P. Stazensld.! in a lonely ranch house 18 miles northwest of here. Prescott residents staged n Christ mas party November 29 for the lad after doctors reported he probably would not live until December 25. New Regime in Poland Likely to Win Quick Recognition of Reds London Poles Protest Lublin Group's Action In Forming Government BULLETIN. The United Stages continues to recognize the exiled Polish government in London de spite claims of the Soviet sponsored regime at Lublin to be Poland's provisional gov ernment, Secretary of State Stettinius said today. Ey the Associated Press. LONDON, Jan. 1.—Early Rus sian recognition is expected for a Polish provisional government proclaimed last night by the So viet-sponsored Polish Committee of National Liberation at Lubin. Formation of the government, headed by Edward Osubka-Moraw ski as Prime Minister and Foreign Secretary, was a step widely ex pected after repeated failures to bring the Polish government in Lon don and Russia together. The move was announced by the National Council of Poland on the Lublin radio. Almost immediately the action was challenged by the London Polish government, which charged that the Polish nation will never "recognize any authority of totalitarian form imposed on Polish, national terri tory', and will not cease to stand for the genuine independence of Poland." Wladislaw Gomolka. hitherto sec retary'-general of the Communist Polish Workers' Party, was named first deputy prime minister, and Stanislaw Janusz. vice chairman of the Polish Peasant Party, second deputy. Other ministers named; Gen. Mihail Rola-Zymierski. na tional defense; Joseph Maslanka. Peasant Party leader, home affairs; Stanislaw Radzkiewicz. Polish Work, ers’ Party, public security: Kon stantin Dombrowski. Socialist Party member, finance; Edmund Zalewski, justice; Edward Bertold, Peasant Party, agriculture and agrarian re form; Viktor Trojanowski, Socialist Party, public works, and Stefan Matuszewski, Socialist Party secre tary-general, information. Other portfolios were left un changed as in the Committee of National Liberation. Envoy Here Supports London Poles' Protest By the Associated Press. Jan Ciechanowski, Polish Ambas sador to the United States, stamped approval last night on comment issued by his government in Lon don after the announcement that the Lublin Committee had formed a provisional government of liber ated Poland. The London statement termed the Lublin action "an attempt against the sovereign rights of the Polish nation." “I emphatically associate myself with the statement of my govern ment in London,” asserted Mr. Cie chanowski. State Department sources said no official word had been received by this Government and official reac tion was lacking. Washington Begins | New Year at Work; Celebration Quiet War, Sabbath and Fog Curb Gayety; Dance Draws 3,000 Servicemen Washington started the New Year today by going back to work at the tasks of winning the war and running the Government. Lights were on in all Federal departments and agencies, which were operating as usual despite the holiday, and employes on the early schedules of wartime hours made their way to their offices in both dark and fog. War and the Sabbath made the greeting of the turn of the year less noisy last night than in the past. The weather was another dampener. Police said the midnight crowd yes terday, which used to be a shout ing. tooting mass, was not up to a good Saturday night. 3.000 at Dance. There was some cheering when the whistles blew, but gayety seemed to have as much difficulty in pene trating the fog as the street lamps and the lights on the movie mar quees. Store windows were dark. Biggest crowd of the night was at the Uline Arena, where more than 3.000 service men and women danced to the music of an Army Ground Ftorce band and a Navy band, each made up of musicians from top-flight oance orchestras. The affair was put on by the National Catholic Community Service Club of Wash ington. Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt made a brief appearance. Church Services Draw Many. Many churches held watch night services. The Rev. J. W. Rustin, president of the Washington Fed eration of Churches, said interest in these services was greater than ever before. Catholic churches were crowded this morning for the annual holy day of obligation, the Feast of the Circumcision, which starts the year. With official Washington at work there was not as much open-house entertaining scheduled for today as in prewar years and it has been years since the day was marked by the annual White House receptions. U. S. Preparing Edict Banning Ui Conventions Federal Crackdown On Hotels Booking Meetings Is Seen By JAMES Y. NEWTON. In a move to ease the unprece dentedly heavy travel on the Na tion’s transportation system, the Government is formulating plans to ban conventions and similar* meetings for the duration of the war emergency. The Star learned today that top war agency officials are planning to move against conventions through the country’s hotels. An order that would mean virtual prohibition of such gatherings until the war in Europe is won is now being drawn up and probably will be issued through War Mobilization Director Byrnes. Action to curb convention travel will be taken along lines similar to Mr. Byrnes’ recent ban on racing. Mr. Byrnes’ office today declined comment on the new move. To Ask Aid of Hotels. It was understood that hotels will be requested not to book conven tions. While the co-operation of the hostelries will be sought it is understood the Government is pre pared to crack down on those hotels | which refuse to go along with the plan. ; The Government would use as a i club over the hotels the threat to i withdraw' right to serve rationed ; food and possibly would go so far as to deny repair materials arid manpower. co-operating in tne pian Mr. Byrnes’ office, i.t was understood, are the Office of Defense Transporta tion. the War Production Board. War Manpower Commission and other agencies. Officials have been greatly con cerned about the recent laige in crease in nonessential travel. The railroads have been so loaded with passenger business that it has begun to interfere with the vital trans portation of war materials. * Travel 15 Per Cent Heavier. ODT Director J. Monroe Johnson said travel over the Christmas and New Year holidays was up 5 p<*r cent over last year. Col Johnson said he was even more concerned with the increase in ordinary daily travel, which is 15 per cent heavier than a year ago. Since the war began. ODT has attempted to prevent the holding of conventions through voluntary means. While some organizations I have co-operated and canceled their meetings, this voluntary plan has not been successful, officials said. An official said the ’ time is passed for fooling around’’ with voluntary plans of curbing unessential travel and the time has arrived when the Government must crack down quickly if further interference with the war effort is to be avoided. Besides the move against conven tions, other plans are being drawn for reducing travel. Travel Rationing Studied. Col. Johnson said ODT was giving "continuing study" to what might be done to help relieve the situation. With the tempo of battle stepped up in Europe and "a full-fledged war going on in the Pacific" now. Col. Johnson said "we've got the most trying test for transportation we've ever had.” It may be necessary, he added, to divert more railway passenger equipment to military use. He pointed out that such action would j mean a drastic reduction in facilities available for civilians. ODT is seeding some way to "iso late” the useless traveler, vaca tioner and the like from civilians traveling on business affecting the war effort, he said. No practical method for rationing travel has yet ! been worked out. but "we have never entirely given up.” he added. Tumultuous Welcome Givei New Year in New York By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, Jan. 1.—New York's millions, reinforced by out-of-town ers, gave the New Year a tumultu ous welcome. Gay. easy-spending : merrymakers filled night clubs, cafes and theaters, yet police reported the holiday celebration to be the most ‘orderly and sober New Year Eve on I record. Times Square, traditional mid night gathering spot of celebrators, | was packed by 750,000 persons, ac cording to police estimates. Thousands of others observed New Year eve by attending holy hour devotions and watch-night services at churches throughout the metropolitan area. Night spots had no lack of pat ronage although tariffs ranged as high as $36.30 without drinks. An early evening rain failed to dampen enthusiasm. Weston and Georgetown Record Earthquake By the Associated Press. WESTON, Mass., Jan. 1.—A “fairly strong” earthquake, about 2,110 miles from Boston and probably in Baffin Bay, was recorded at 9:27 o’clock last night on the Weston College seismograph, the Rev. Ed ward R. Powers, seismologist, re ported today. The. disturbance lasted for one hour. Georgetown University observa tions placed the disturbance about 2,500 miles distant, in an undeter mined but possibly southern direc tion. Georgetown recorded its start at 9:37:31 pjm. with maximum in tensity reached at 9:40. 1.600 U. S. Planes Hit Nazi Refinery By the Associated Press. LONDON, Jan. 1—More than 1.600 American warplanes today hit - a German oil refinery at Dollbergen, northwest of Brunswick, and the railroad network in the Coblene area. At least 800 Fortresses, herd ed by 800 Mustangs and Thunder. I bolts, took part in the attack on the j 10th successive day of one of the | war's greatest sustained offensives. Last night Lancasters of the RAF | bomber command attacked the rail ! road yards at Osterfeld in the Ruhr i and large fires were left burning. Other bombers plastered Berlin. The Air Ministry announced that British Mosquitos raided Gestapo headquarters in Oslo, Ncrway. and that Lancasters, escorted by Mus tangs and Spitfires of the RAF Fighter Command and RAF 2nd Tactical Air Force, bombed railroad yards at Vohwinkel, south ot the Ruhr. Other Mosquitos attacked and left afire two medium-sized enemy mer chantmen in Flekke Fjord, south east of Egersund, in Southern Nor way. The Air Ministry said seven planes of the bomber command and one of the coastal command were missing 1 from the day's operations. No Late Editions Today The Star observes New Year Day today by eliminating late afternoon editions. Subscrib ers to these editions will re j ceive the regular home edition.