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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, January 01, 1945, Image 2

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Vinson Due to Decide
Within Few Days on
Cattle Price Ceiling
By GOULD LINCOLN.
Economical Stabilization Director
yinson is expected to decide within
a few days whether a ceiling price
t* to be placed upon cattle. He is
acting as arbiter in a controversy
between the OPA, which is urging
the ceiling price, and the War Food
Administration, which is opposing
Involved in the problem are the
acquirements of the Army and the
Navy and the civilian population for
{veat, the prices which are to be
aid the producers and the proces
fors, and the prices which must be
paid by the ultimate consumers—
find the black market.
Senator O’Mahoney, Democrat, of
SVyoming has taken the lead in
bringing to Judge Vinson's atten
tion the case of the cattle raisers. In
his opinion establishment of a ceil
ing on cattle prices is not only im
practicable but also unfair to the
producers.
Asks Better Administration.
• He said yesterday that the solution
is to be found in a better adminis
tration of the subsidy program
which has run into hundreds of mil
lions of dollars. These subsidies are
paid to the packers to enable them
to pay for the cattle and at the
same time to sell to wholesalers and
retailers the meat which in turn is
gold to the consumers, at ceiling
prices.
“The War Food Administration,”
he said, "has stimulated increased
production of meat animals pri
marily for the purpose of making
certain that the armed forces have
meat. What is left after they have
been supplied is available for dis
tribution to civilian consumers.”
From 40 to 60 per cent of all the
good meat produced in the United
States is set aside for the armed
forces. The farmers and ranchers
have responded to WFA demands
for increased production so that in
1944 approximately 33,900.000 beef
animals were sent to the block, about
10,000,000 more than in 1940. Next
year the WFA wants to see 35,000,
000 go to market.
Demand for Best Grade.
“The shortage of meat in the large
civilian consuming centers,” Senator
O’Mahoney continued, "is due to the
fact that there is a an extraordi
narily high demand for high class
beef—due to the fact people have
so much money. This demand has
produced a black market.
“Officers of the OPA have told me
that they know who the black mar
ket operators are, but they also say
they find it difficult to induce re
tailers to testify against them.
"Despite this reluctance, however,
the OPA enforcement agents have
a good record in the prosecution
of black market operators. In the
present year. 2,500 cases were
brought against wholesalers and
slaughterers for violations of the
regulations. In 93 per cent of the
cases, the OPA got judgment. Yet
it has been unable to suppress the
black market.”
He said the OPA in 10 months
ending in October collected in fines
from processors accused of violating
all types of price regulations a total
'of $15,014,799, including those on
meat. This is more than the entire
cost of OPA enforcement for 1944.
None of those fines were assessed
against the growers of meat ani
mals.
Reply to Demands.
To the demand from consuming
centers for a ceiling upon live ani
mals, the producers reply that it is
impossible to judge the meat value
of livestock until after they have
been slaughtered. So the OPA now
says it does not want to put a ceil
ing upon individual animals on the
hoof, but an overall ceiling to be en
forced through a complicated sys
tem of averages in the purchasing
accounts of the packers.
, In defense of the cattle producers
Senator O'Mahoney said the feed:
lots of the corn belt were stocked
with lean animals immediately after
Mr. Vinson, earlier in the year, re
fused the request of the OPA for
a ceiling on live animals.
“Now, before the process of feed
ing has been completed,” said Sena
tor O'Mahoney, “the OPA wishes to
change the rules. The result will
be that cattle feeders, in self-pro
tection, will have to liquidate their
animals. They will go to the block
before they have reached their full
weight, with a sacrifice of 200 to
400 pounds of meat per animal.
“This means that the total avail
able supply of meat will be reduced
and the consumers, retailers and the
butchers who are now calling for
a ceiling on live animals will defeat
their own purpose. Such a pro
gram can only result in reducing
the overall supplies of meat and in
expanding the black market from
the retail and wholesale trade into!
the cattle trade where it does notj
now exist.”
Chaplin's Window Kick
Puts Him in Wheelchair
gy Ube Associated Press.
LOS ANGELES. Jan. 1.—If
Charlie Chaplin attends any of the
rfmainlng sessions in the trial of
Joan Berry's paternity suit against
film, which resumes tomorrow after I
the holiday recess, it will be in a
wheelchair.
‘The comedian kicked a glass panel
ai his Beverly Hills home Saturday
flight in an attempt to get into the
house without his keys, his physician
reported. He suffered a deep gash in
]$s left ankle.
-Dr. N. Edward Gourson operated
to repair severed muscle tissue and
said the comedian would be con
fined to a wheelchair for at least
tffro weeks.
-Mr. Chaplin’s attorney will present
flJoal arguments tomorrow in an at
Kpt to convince the jury that the
ir is not the father of Miss
Srry’s 14-month-old baby, as she
egss.
Spreckles Maintenance
Settled Out of Court
A th* Associated Press.
DOS ANGELES, Jan. 1.—John D.
Spreckles III, sugar fortune heir
uw in the Navy and Mrs. Mary
Lfvinla Spreckels, former dancer,
have settled their separate main
tenance action out of court, her at
torney announced yesterday.
•‘S. S. Hahn, the attorney, said Mr
Qfreckels has agreed not to contest
the action. He also will permit her
t&obtain a default decrie of divorce,
the lawyer added. Other details of
the settlement were not disclosed.
3n a recent hearing on temporary
anpport, superior court granted Mrs.
Spreckels $500 monthly and im
pounded $500,000 of the Spreckels
fortune to insure payment.
! FIRST 1945 BLOOD DONOR—R. M. Evans, member of the Board
of Governors of the Federal Reserve System and governmental
chairman of the Blood Donor Committee, was the first on the
schedule today at the District Blood Donor Center, 51 Louisiana
avenue N.W. Lt. R. Duane Good, Navy Medical Corps, supervised
the donation, Mr. Evans’ fifth. Following him in line were Mrs.
Beulah M. Johnson, 2212 Tunlaw road N.W. for her ninth dona
tion and Seymour A. Myerson, 5010 Klingle street N.W. for his
seventh. —Star Staff Photo.
On the Roll of Honor—
Sergt. Becker
(Wounded)
Cor pi. Turel
(Wounded)
Me. Knipple
(Wounded)
Capt. Mora an
(Wounded)
Killed
Lt. (j. g.) James Augustine Mur
phy, jr„ U S. N„ 23, has been killed
in action in the Pacific, the War
Department has notified his wife,
Mrs. Anne Lincoln Murphy, 3313
Prospect avenue N.W.
A native of Brooklyn, Lt. Murphy
was graduated from Harvard Uni
versity shortly before entering the
service. After graduation he studied
naval courses at Harvard and in
New York. He was commissioned
June 16, 1943, and was married the
same day.
Besides his widow, he is survived
by his parents. Mr. and Mrs. J. A.
Murphy, sr., of Brooklyn, N. Y., and
four sisters. His wife lives with her
parents, Mr. and Mrs. Francis F.
Lincoln. Mr. Lincoln is attached to
the State Department here.
Wounded
Pfc. Edwin P. Knipple, son of Mr.
and Mrs. Floyd E. Knipple, 861
Fifty-first street S. E., was wounded
in action November 18 in Germany,
his parents have been notified by
the War Department. Pvt. Knipple
is now hospitalized in France.
A native of Altoona, Pa., he lived
in Washington for two years, work
ing at the Naval Research Labora
tory before entering the Army in
August, 1943. His unit won presi
dential citation.
Sergt. Richard S. Moulden, 32. of
Rockville, Md„ was wounded in
action in Germany December 15,
his parents. Mr. and Mrs. J. Albert
Moulden, have been notified by the
War Department.
Sergt. Moulden, whose wife. Mas.
Marion Moulden, and 4-year-old
daughter, June, live at Rockville, has
been in the Army for more than two
years and has been overseas for the
last four months.
He W'as graduated from the Rock
ville High School, and prior to enter
ing the Army was employed by
Montgomery County as a surveyor.
Staff Sergt. Louis R. Becker, 35,
of 1751 Lanier place N.W., reported
as wounded by the War Department
today, was hit at Aachen by an ex
ploding shell, his wife, Mrs. Della
Becker, has learned. Sergt. Becker
was returned to England to recover
from spinal injuries but expects to
return to duty shortly.
Sergt. Becker was a private until
the action at Aachen when he was
promoted directly to staff sergeant
and acted as company observer for
all the mortar guns in his company.
A native of Washington. Sergt.
Becker is a graduate of McKinley
High School, Devitt Prep and
Georgetown University School of
Foreign Service.
Pvt. WUUan) D. Blinkhorn,. 20,
nephew of Mr. and Mrs. Gregory
Bussink, 1116 Oates street N.E., listed
as wounded by the War Department
today, is home on a 30-day fur
lough. Pvt. Blinkhorn was hit in
the hip by shrapnel September 25 in
Prance, where he was fighting with
the air-borne artillery.
Pvt. Blinkhorn was born in Wash
ington and attended McKinley High
School. He was employed by a
local plumbing company when he
entered the service in March, 1943,
and saw action in Italy. While in
Italy he saw the Pope and brought
home souvenirs from Vatican City.
A brother, Pfc. Joseph A. Blink
horn. is in the European theater.
Pvt. Norbert Kraft, 20, son of Mr.
and Mrs. Luis Kraft, 4474 Reservoir
road N.W., has been wounded in
action, the War Department an
nounced today. Pvt. Kraft was
wounded in Germany in October,
but has returned to action, his
mother said.
Pvt. Kraft was bom in Germany
i
and spent most of his life there.
He attended German schools, in
cluding a school of language, and
speaks English and German fluently.
Pvt. Kraft came to this country with
his parents five years ago and en
tered the service in December, 1943.
He has been overseas since June and
fighting in Europe since shortly
after D day.
Corpl. William I. Tavel. 26. listed
as wounded by the War Department
today, was hit in the legs October 7
in France but has returned to duty
his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Ewing H.
Tavel, have been informed. Corpl.
Tavel, a veteran of the African
campaign and landings at Salerno,
was wounded a first time December
5, 1943, in Italy.
Corpl. Travel was born in Nash
ville, Ta'nn., but came to Washing
ton 10 years ago. He was employed
as an electrician when he entered
the service over three years ago.
Corpl. Tavel has been serving over
seas with the Chemical Warfare
Service for almost two years. His
parents live at 1410 Newton street
NX
Pvt. Harold Yanof, 32, 1436 Tuck
erman street N.W., has been wound
ed In action, the War Department
announced today. Pvt. Yanof was
wounded October 8 in France but
returned to duty a week later. He
was hit the second time November
8 in the arm by machine-gun Are,
his wife, Mrs. Edith Yanof, has
learned.
A native of New York City. Pvt.
Yanof was employed at the Treas
ury Department when he entered
the service December 26, 1943. He
has been overseas with the Infantry
since July. His wife and 15-month
old daughter. Judith live at the
Tuckerman street address.
Capt. Albert L. Morgan, jr., 23,
8130 Wisconsin avenue, Bethesda,
listed as wounded by the War De
partment today, has returned to
action, his wife, Mrs. Josephine
Morgan, has been informed. Capt.
Morgan was injured October 8 in
France. He was driving a jeep be
hind an American tank when the
tank hit a German mine and ex
ploded. A piece of the flying debris
pierced Capt. Morgan’s lip.
Capt. Morgan was employed at
the District Department of High
ways when he entered the service
in December, 1942. His wife and
15-months-old son. Joseph Albert,
live at the Bethesda address. His
parents live in Takoma Park.
Pfc. William H. Gorham, 19. son
of Mr. and Mrs. Daniel L. Gorham,
of Franconia, Va., has been wound
ed in action, the War Department
announced today . Pfc. Gorham was
hit in the left hand in October in
Holland while giving machinegun
cover to gliders, his parents have
learned.
A native or Franconia, Fvt. Gor
ham attended schools there and was
employed by a Franconia contrac
tor when he entered the service
March 2, 1943. He was sent over
seas in February, 1944. Two broth
ers, Pvts. James E. Gorham and
Howard L. Gorham, are also in the
service.
Corpl. Charles J. Bair, whose fa
ther, Charles S. Bair, is listed as
living at McLean. Va.. has been
wounded in the European theater,
the War Department announced to
day.
Pvt. Camnish Cusato, son of Mrs.
Cristine Cusato, 248 First street S.W.,
has been wounded in the European
theater, the War Department re
ported today.
Technician (Fifth Grade) Melvin
P. Sullivan, whose father, Mr. Pierce
Sullivan, lives at 414 Second street
N.W., is listed as wounded in the
European theater by the War De
partment today.
Pfc. Willard L. Sherman, son Of
Mr. Roy E. Sherman, 5095 Sixty
first avenue, Capitol Heights, Md ,
listed as wounded in Europe by
the War Department today.
Staff Sergt. Robert L. Wilson, for
merly of 4429 Iowa avenue N.W.. has
been wounded in action in the Euro
pean theater, the War Department
revealed today.
Stories about the following men.
reported as wounded by the War
Department today, appeared in The
Star after the next of kin had been
notified:
Corpl. Ralph D. Dell Erba, 334
Peabody street NX, October 21.
Pfc. William H. Reynolds, jr., 9406
Columbia boulevard, Silver Spring,
Mdn October 29.
■ * A
Lloyd George Given
Earldom in King's
1945 Honors List
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, Jan. 1.—David Lloyd
George, who held a seat in Com
mons for 54 years, has been raised
to an earldom, receiving the highest
distinction on King Georges New
Year honors list.
The award came less than a week
after Mr. Lloyd George had an
nounced he was retiring from Com
mons for health reasons and only
16 days from his 82d birthday.
The King thus sends to the House
of Lords tne man who in many
years of public life fought that
house bitterly and at times threat
ened to destroy it.
Mr. Lloyd George was Prime Min
ister from 1916 to 1922 and often
was called the “man who won the
last war.” He became Britain’s man
of the hour in 1916 at the age of 53
when the outlook was dark at home
and abrt>ad. Demanding a unified
command to stop the German at
tacks in the west, he prodded war
weary Britons into the fullest action
and set down all talk of compromise
with the enemy.
In 1940 he led the attack on
Prime Minister Neville Chamber
lain in a speech so lashing that the
government fell.
Mark Hodgson, general secretary
of the Boilermakers and Iron and
Steel Shipbuilders’ Union, was raised
to knighhood in the 1945 honors list,
as were Dr. L. E. H. Whitmy, bacter
iologist, and Prof. L. P. Abercrombie,
famous town planner.
Florence Horsbugh and Ellen
Wilkinson, members of Parliament
and junior members of the govern
ment, were appointed to the Privy
Council, joining Margaret Bondfleld,
only other woman so honored.
Lord Portal was raised to vis
countancy, and Sir A. G. Hazlerigg
was awarded a barony.
Two other new baronets are Sir
Alfred Webb Johnson, president of
the Royal College of Surgeons and
Sir Charles Bruce-Gardner, who
will be in charge of reconversion by
Industry from wartime to peace
time production.
Admiral Sir Andrew Cunningham,
first sea lord and chief of naval
staff since 1943, became a Knight of
the Thistle, filling a vacancy caused
by the death of the Queen’s father,
the Earl of Strathmore.
■■ —. ,
TVA Earns $14,166,000
On '44 Power Operations
By the Associated Pm*.
The Tennessee Valley Authority
yesterday reported a net of $14,116,
OOO on power operations in the 1944
fiscal year, and an increased war
effort.
In its annual report to Congress
and President Roosevelt, covering
the 12 months ended last June 30.
the agency gave its grotss revenues
from power as $35,429,000.
The report also cited these ac
complishments:
Generation of more than 10 bil
lion kilowatt hours of electricity,
three-fourths of which went for
war purposes.
Domestic use of electricity under
TVA rates increased from 1,598 to
1,707 KWH p^ customer, the report
said, while the average rate declined
from 1.96 cents per KWH to 1.88
cents per KWH. The TVA said the
average domestic consumer in the
Nation used 1,117 KWH and paid an
average price of 3.55 cents.
Three Inmates at Lorton
Escape in Stolen Car
Three Lorton Reformatory in
mates who escaped Saturday night
by climbing through a window in
a heavy fog still are at large, police
reported today.
They were listed as Walter E.
.Watson, 23, Suitland, Md„ and
Joseph Eisenberg, 22, Washington,
and Elmer F. Norton. 20, Lexington,
Ky. Officials said the men, who
were dressed in blue denims, were
chased by the guards but fled in a
stolen car.
Waston and Eisenberg were serv
ing terms for housebreaking. Nor
ton was doing time for an auto
theft.
Herbert Durand, Botany
Lecturer, Author Dies
By the Associated Press.
BRONXVILLE, N. Y., Jan. l.~
Herbert Durand, 86, lecturer and
author of “My Wild Flower Garden”
and other books on botany, died
Saturday.
Bom in Malone, N. Y., he spent
the early part of his career as a re
porter on the Louisville Courier
Journal and the St. Louis Globe
Democrat. He also was general ad
vertising manager for the Wabash
Railroad in St. Louis.
Later he devoted himself to lec
turing and writing about flowers
and had published "Wild Flowers
and the Fern,” “How to Know the
Fern” And “The Field Book of Com
mon Ferns.”
British Poll of Stars
Is Headed by Crosby
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, Jan. 1.—Bing Crosby
heads the motion picture Herald's
British, poll of money-making inter
national film stars.
Others in order are Betty Grable,
Greer Garson, Deanna Durbin,
Bette Davis, Bob Hope, Humphrey
Bogart, Gary Cooper, Spencer
Tracy and Abbott and Costello.
Roy Rogers is the best-liked West
ern star.
Walt Disney tops the shorts.
The two leading British stars in
films made here are James Mason
and David Niven. Other favorites
include Laurence Olivier, Robert
Donat, Anna Neagle and Eric Port
man.
Postoffice Club Show
To Be Heard on WINX
"V-Mails of 1845,” variety show
of the Post Office Department Girls’
Club, will be broadcast over Radio
Station WINX at 8:15 o’clock to
night in a program dedicated to
veterans and servicemen.
The show was developed by Mrs.
Ada Harris, educational specialist
for the Post Office Department, who
organized the girls’ club with the co
operation of Chief Clerk Frank
Ellis. The show has been presented
at Walter Reed Hospital.
Dr. Henry Dreyfus Dies
LONDON, Jan. I (ip).—Dr. Henry
Dreyfus, 61, director of the Celanese
Corp. of America, died Saturday in
London. He was chairman and
managing director of British Cel
anese, Ltd.,, and director of Ca
nadian Celanese, Ltd,
* Ska V ‘i J. '
Steel Firms Believed
Prepared to Battle
For Higher Prices
By the Associated Press.
Steel companies were seen
today as marshaling their forces
for a counterattack in a battle
for higher prices.
Persons close to the indutry said
the companies feel that an offensive
is their only way out of the financial
position in which they find them
selves as the result of an increase in
wages.
Wage boosts estimated to average
between 5 and 7 cents an hour for
the 400,000 CIO United Steel
Workers in the basic steel industry
have been approved by Economic
Stabilization Director Fred Vinson.
OPA Estimate Differs.
The Office of Price Administration
figures that the wage increases will
cost th indutry about $80,000,000 a
year, and the War Labor Board con
siders them immediately effective.
The industry cost estimates range
up to $150,000,000 annually.
No formal statement has been
issued by the companies on Mr. Vin
son's decision, and industry heads
are not expected to dig into the sit
uation before tomorrow since some
are widely scattered during the
year-end holidays.
Those available, however, have
made it clear that no noncompliance
controversy will be involved_That
they have no intention of placing
themselves in a position comparable
to that occupied by Sewell Avery in
the Montgomery Ward case.
Instead, the companies plan to
carry the fight to OPA for higher
prices substantially on these argu
ments:
Present ceiling prices on steel were
established in 1937-8, and they were
not satisfactory then.
Retroactive Feature Hit.
Even if some price increases are
granted to meet wage hikes, the in
dustry will still be left holding the
sack for retroactive pay.
The wage increases, chiefly a dif
ferential of 4 cents an hour for the
early night shift and 0 cents for
the late trick, are retroactive to the
expiration date of the last basic
steel contract.
This date varies from plant to
plant, but most of them ended in
December, 1943.
The industry apparently has a
leg to stand on in fighting for price
increases since OPA advised Mr.
Vinson that increases on some steel
products were overdue and would
have to be made.
By law price increases must be
granted if the industry profit level
falls under the 1936-39 average.
Officials estimate that the addi
! tional $80,000,000 cost will cut the
industry's margin close to the bor
derline.
President Works on Budget,
Sees Three New Envoys
By tbe Associated Press.
President Roosevelt began the new
year at his desk in the White House
executive offices.
Principal tasks before him were
completion of his annual message to
Congress on the state of the Union
and his budget message.
Budget Director Harold Smith
conferred with Mr. Roosevelt on the
budget message.
The President received three new
Ambassadors—Eugenio Silva Pena
of Guatemala. Emilio Garcia Godoy
of the Dominican Republic and
Henri Bonnet of Prance, in the order
named.
Mr. Roosevelt also sent a letter to
Secretary of State Stettinius, to be
read at his reception for representa
tives of all the United Nations Na
tions on the occasion of the sign
ing of the United Nations declara
tion by M. Bonnet.
Ambassador Bonnet's signature
will be affixed on the third anni
varsary of the original signing of
the document which embraces the
Atlantic Charter.
Weather Report
District of Columbia—Rain, ending
this afternoon, followed by clearing
and much colder tonight and to
morrow; high winds.
River Report.
Potomac and Shenandoah Rivers
clear at Harpers Ferry, Potomac
slightly muddy at Great Falls today.
Tide Tables.
(Furnished hr United States Coast and
Geodetic Survey.)
_ Today. Tomorrow.
High-10:67 a.m. 11:41a.m.
Ix>w -6:30 a.m. 6:13 a.m.
High -11:16 p.m. 12 m.
Low -6:41p.m. 6:28 p.m.
The San and Moen.
Rises. Seta.
Sun, today_ 8:28 6:56
Sun. tomorrow_ 8:28 6:67
Moon today_9:06 p.m. 10:44 a.m.
Automobile lights must be turned on
one-half hour after sunset.
Precipitation.
Monthly precipitation in inches in the
Capital (current month to date):
Month. 1944. Avg. Record.
January _ 2.36 3.55 8.83 ’37
February_ 2.3 1 3.37 6.84 ’84
March _ 4.83 3.75 8.84 ’91
April _ 2.98 3.27 9.13 '89
May_ 1 11 3.70 10.69 ’89
June _ 2.27 4.13 10.94 ’00
July _ 5 62 4.71 10.83 ‘86
August _ 6.91 4.01 14.41 ’28
September_ 4.87 3.24 17.45 ’34
October _ 3.28 2.84 8.81 ’37
November _ 3.14 2.37 7.18 ’77
December 2.97 3.32 7.56 ’01
Report for Last 48 Hours.
Temperature
Saturday— Degrees.
4 p.m._ 30
8 p.m. _ 30
Midnight_ 30
Sunday—
4 a.m._ 31
8 a.m._ 32
Noon _ 84
2 p.m. _ 36
4 P.m._ 38
8 p.m _ 36
12 midnight_ 39
Today—
ta.m._ 49
a.m. 65
Record for Last 24 Hours.
(From noon yesterday to noon today.)
Highest. 55. on January 1.
Lowest, 38, on January 1.
Record Temperatures This Tear.
Highest. 98. on June 18.
Lowest, 16, on December 22.
Humidity Repart.
Saturday. 2:30 p.m. _ 89 per cent
Saturday, 8:30 p.m._90 per cent
Sunday, 8:30 a.m. _99 per cent
Sunday, 8:30 p.m._99 per cent
Today, 2:30 a.m.-100 per cent
Today, 8:30 a.m.-90 per cent
Ruth Hanna McCormick Simms,
GOP Woman Leader, Dies at 64
Active in Politics
Over 40 Years;
Served in House
By the Associated Press.
CHICAGO. Jan. 1.—Mrs. Ruth
Hanna McCormick Simms, 64,
Republican party leader, former
Representative-at-large from Il
linois and publisher of the
Rockford (111.) Register-Republic
and Morning Star, died yester
day from a pancreatic ailment.
Her husband, Albert G. Simms of
Albuquerque, N. Mex., and her
daughters, Mrs. Cortlandt Barnes of
New York and Mrs. Peter Miller of
Chicago, were at her bedside. Fam
ily funeral services will be held
Thursday afternoon in Albuquer
que.
Mrs. Simms was the daughter of
Mark A. Hanna, late Senator from
Ohio, often referred to as “Presi
dent maker."
An active supporter of Gov.
Thomas £. Dewey, Mrs. Simms
worked for his nomination as presi
dential candidate in 1940 and again
last year as a delegate from New
Mexico at the convention. How
ever, an injury that preceded her
last illness, restricted her participa
tion in the campaign.
Gov. Dewey said today, on learn
ing of her death, “The passing of
Ruth Simms brings to Mrs. Dewey
and me a feeling of deep personal
loss. Her tremendous energy and
the warmth of her friendship will
leave bereft countless friends in
every State in the Nation, who knew
and loved her as one of the great
women of our time.”
Daughter of Mark Hanna, one of
the most famous politicians in
American history, Mrs. Simms had
been active in politics for more than
40 years.
She was a popular figure in Wash
ington society and political circles
as the wife of the late Senator
Medill McCormick of Illinois, and,
after his death in 1925, as a Repub
lican member of Congress from
Illinois.
Her interest in politics remained
active after her second marriage, in
1932, to Albert G. Simms, banker,
lawyer and former Representative
from Albuquerque, N. Mex.—whom
she met while they occupied ad
joining seats in the House—and
she was a delegate from New Mex
ico to the Republican convention
that nominated Gov. Dewey for the
presidency last summer.
Injured In October.
In October she suffered a frac
tured shoulder when her horse
stepped into a gopher hole and
threw her and was forced to “set
out" most of the 1944 election cam
paign in a hospital at Chicago.
Born into politics, Mrs. Simms,
as a schoolgirl, stumped the coun
try with her father in 1896, when
he engineered the election of Wil
liam McKinley to the presidency,
and made her first political speech
in a small Dakota town when her
father’s voice gave out.
When she was 19 her father de
cided she had enough of formal
schooling and put her to work as his
secretary at the Capitol. They lived
in the old Cameron House, which
now is a part of the Cosmos Club,
across I afayette Park from the
White House. It was there that
Senator Hanna gave his famous
“political” breakfasts of griddle
cakes and corned beef hash, at
which Ruth Hanna talked politics
with President McKinley, his suc
cessor, Theodore Roosevelt, and
other leaders In public life.
nu sunrage utacr.
She became a leader In the light
for women’s suffrage, and long be
fore she had the right to vote played
an important role in Republican
election campaigns. The party re
warded her years of work with
honors and offices, making her na
tional committeewoman from Illi
nois in 1924. Four years previously
she had enjoyed the signal honor of
helping to close the presidential
campaign by speaking from the
same platform at Marion, Ohio,
with Warren G. Harding, the GOP
presidential nominee.
In 192%, she stumped Illinois on
her own behalf and won election as
Representative-at-large, polling the
largest plurality accorded any of her
Republican teammates, even Presi
dent Hoover. She won Republican
nomination for the Senate in 1930,
but lost the election.
For the last several years, Mrs.
Simms listed herself as president
and publisher of the Rockford (Illi
nois) Newspapers, Inc., a merger of
three papers there. For a time she
maintained a 2,400-acre dairy farm
near Byron. 111., which she disposed
of shortly after her marriage to Mr.
Simms.
Operated Girls’ School.
Making her home in Albuquerque,
she operated the Sandra Girls’ Pre
paratory School there from 1932 un
til 1942, when the Government took
over the building for use as a mili
tary hospital. She then turned to
managing the family’s 200,000-acre
Trinchera Ranch, near Fort Gar
land, Colo., as an outlet for that
part’ of her boundless energy not
consumed in political affairs.
She was co-manager in 1940 with
Russell Sprague of the Dewey pre
convention campaign and supported
Wendell L. Willkie’s campaign when
Gov. Dewey failed to win the presi
dential nomination.
In her own unsuccessful cam
paign for the Senate in 1928, Mrs.
Simms was charged with making
huge expenditures, and reported to
a Senate investigating committee
that she had spent more than $250.
000. She took her defeat gamely and
turned her attention to the Wash
ington debut that winter of her
daughter. Katrina, then 17.
A severe shock came to Mrs.
Simms in 1938 when her son, John
. -. ■ , f.
RUTH HANNA McCORMICK
SIMMS.
—AP Wirephoto.
Medill McCormick, 21, was killed
when he fell while mountain climb
ing in New Mexico. He was missing
for nine days before Indians found
his body on a cliff. Friends said
Mrs. Simms never recovered fully
from that tragedy.
Born fn Cleveland.
Mrs. Simms was born in Cleveland
March 27, 1880, and educated in
private schools in Dobbs Ferry, N. Y.,
and Farmington, Conn. After her
introduction into politics by her
father here, she was married to
Medill McCormick in 1903 and lived
in Chicago, where her husband was
editor of the Chicago Tribune. He
later resigned to enter politics, and
she came back to Washington as a
"Senate wife” after actively helping
in her husband's campaigns. They
had three children, Katrina Augusta,
John Medill and Ruth Elizabeth.
Her energy and endurance under
the grind of political campaigning
amazed those with whom she
worked. She made as many as
seven speeches a day in as many
towns during her own campaign for
the Senate.
A political writer who watched
her work in that 1930 quest for
office wrote in The Star at the
time that “she has an endurance
unsurpassed by any public person
age in the country,” adding that
“she can stay up more hour; than
any of her fellow men campaigners
and always be fresher than they.”
She was described as combining, to
a degree unique, “loftiness of pur
pose with gaiety of temperament,”
her followers admiring her as “a
lofty patriotic heroine” and being
amused by her as “a cheery, chatty,
feminine ‘good fellow.’ ”
On the political issues of the time,
when she was seeking election to
the Senate, Mrs. Simms was vio
lently opposed to entrance of the
United States into the World Court
and affirmed that personally she
was a "dry,” but would vote for sub
mission of the prohibition repeal
amendment if that was the ma
jority opinion of her constituents.
Her favorite recreations — for
which she had little time at the
peak of her career—were golf and
bridge. She also was active in wel
fare work. She worked with nu
merous women’s committees to im
prove labor conditions and at one
time was an active member of the
Women’s Trade Union League.
130 Captured Americans
Machine-Gunned by Nazis
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, Jan. 1.—London news
papers today quoted Supreme Allied
Headquarters as saying a prelim
inary investigation showed two Ger
man tanks poured a hail of ma
chine-gun bullets into 130 defense
less captured Americans after they
had been searched for valuables and
lined up in an open field.
The dispatches said the men. mas
sacred in cold blood on December 17
i mostly were from a field artillery
unit captured near Malmedy, Bel
j gium. They had left their trucks tc
i seek shelter when the German tanks
appeared.
Rounded up in a field, the Ger
mans searched them and took their
cigarettes and valuables. A guard
suddenly opened fire which the
tanks joined from 40 yards away.
The shooting continued until all
fell.
The Germans then walked up and
down shooting all the fallen men
showing signs of life, it was stated.
About 25 Americans, most of them
wounded, fled but only 15 escaped.
B-25s Stampede Herd
Of Jap Supply Elephants
By the A*soei«ted Press.
CHUNGKING, Jan. 1.—American
B-25 bombers have stampeded a
herd of 30 elephants used by the
Japanese for military transport, a
communique reported today.
The action took place in Burma,
where bridges and railroads also
came under attack.
The dove of peace hovers near—
do your part toward Christmas
cheer—buy one extra War Bond.
War, Fiscal Problems
Top Schedule Facing
Returning Congress
By the Associated Pres*.
A new Congress comes to town
Wednesday to worry with the prob
lems of war and its aftermath—and
to wonder a bit wistfully about a
raise in pay.
The salary business isn’t imme
diate — anything they do on this
won’t be effective for two years—
but these other problems are wait
ing on the Capitol doorstep for the
79th Congress:
1. Compulsory military training.
2. Finances for the war and a
foreign policy for its conclusion.
3. Liberalized social security, pro
viding more benefits for more peo
ple. \
4. War and postwar tax adjust
ments.
5. Industrial reconversion.
Democrats Stronger.
The new Congress will be more
firmly in Democratic hands than
was its predecessor-due to numer
ical gains in the 1944 election—but
that doesn’t necessarily guarantee
smooth sailing for the administra
tion. Trouble for President Roose
velt still lurks on the Democratic
side of the aisle in both houses.
The first administration test prob
ably will come early in this session
over a demand for a year's com
pulsory service for all youth. Pres
ident Roosevelt had said he wants
such legislation this winter.
Although he didn’t specify ths
type of service, administrationists
on the House Military Affairs Com
mittee are ready to fight for a year’*
military training for all young
men—probably some time between
their 18th and 21st birthdays. The
plan collected some tough opposition
even before it made its formal ap
pearance in Congress.
The new session is predestined to
give much study to a new social
security program, possibly spreading
the present system to take in every
adult American. Both major par
ties advocated more elaborate social
benefits during the 1944 campaign.
Huge Security Program.
Bills already have been prepared
which would unite pensions, unem
ployment compensation, hospitaliza
tion. education and many social pro
grams into one giant plan.
This session mav cut the taxes
which went to record high levels In
the Seventy-Ninth Congress. Stu
dies have been under way for weeks
preparing for a stabilized postwar
tax program. Chairman George of
the Senate Finance Committee
thinks a general 10 per cent tax cut
might be possible with the defeat of
Germany.
- Government spending is sched
uled to go down, too. Appropria
tions, the barometer of Govern
ment costs, began dropping in the
Seventy-Eighth Congress and they
are due to be even lower in 1945.
The drop might change to a down
grade plunge if the war ends before
all the money bills are passed.
One of the tough problems for this
new Congress is to find a means of
easing industry and labor from war
to peace.
Sergt. Richard E. Byrd
Recommended for Medal
By the Associated Press.
WINCHESTER. Va„ Jan. 1 —
Sergt. Richard E. Byrd, youngest son
of Senator and Mrs. Harry F. Byrd
of Virginia, who has been serving
with an infantry outfit of Gen.
Patton’s 3d Army in France and
Germany, has been recommended
by his battalion commander for the
Silver Star for gallantry in action,
according to word reaching friend*
here.
He enlisted at Port George Meade,
Md.. shortly after the attack on
Pearl Harbor.
10 Hurt in Bus Wreck
On Arizona Highway
| By the Associaied Press.
WICKENBURG. Ariz.. Jan. 1.—A
' heavily-laden Santa Fe Trailways
bus. bound from Salt Lake City to
Phoenix, Ariz., swerved from the
highway near here yesterday, plowed
70 yards on its side and injured 10
of its 21 passengers before It stopped
on the edge of a 20-foot ditch.
State Highway Patrolman Dick
Underwood said the bus driver,
Richard J. Penrpse, Phoe'uix, was
charged with reckless driving. Mr.
Underwood said the bus was moving
only about 20 miles an hour when
the accident occurred and It was
believed the driver fell asleep.
PITTSBURGH, Jan. 1 UP).—Three
persons were injured, two seriously,
when a Cleveland-bound bus and a
milk trailer-truck collided in the
rain and fog yesterday between
Wexford and Bradford Woods.
I Police Horses to Be Sold
WILKES-BARRE (JP).—The city
advertised for sale the last four
horses belonging to the police de
partment, explaining the stable will
be demolished "to make additional
room for motor and equipment."

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