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Cloudy, warmer, lowest near 26. Light snow tonight. Tomorrow clearing, cold. Temperatures today—Highest, 36. at 1:30 p.m.; lowest, 21, at 2:45 a.m. Yes terday—Highest, 28, at 4 p.m.; lowest, 19, at 9:10 a.m. Late New York Markets, Page A-13. Guide for Readers Page. Amuaeme'ts, B-12-13 Comics.B-18-19 Editorial.A-6 Editor! Articles, A-7 Finance.A-13 Lost and Found.A-3 Page. Obituary_A-8 Radio .B-19 Society_B-3 Sports.A-10-11 Where to Go—B-8 Woman’s Page, B-14 An Associated Press Newspaper 93d YEAR, No. 36,769. _WASHINGTON, D. C„ WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 3, 1945-THIRTY-FOUB PAGES. *** City Home Delivery. Dally and Sunday ar vrrpC! 90c a Month. When 6 Sundays. $1.00. V'HiX’l iO. Pattons Tanks Continue Gains Toward St. Vith From Bastogne; Nazis Attack in Dozen Places Americans Lose Foothold Above Sarreguemines BULLETIN. ON THE WESTERN FRONT V?).—German casualties for the winter offensive were esti mated unofficially tonight at 60,000. and an official estimate placed the number of German prisoners at 20.000. (Map on Page A-3.J Et the Associated Press. PARIS, Jan. 3.—The American 3d Army's armored onslaught to day smashed 5 y2 miles northeast of Bastogne up the diagonal rail way toward St. Vith. beating into the outskirts'of Michamps and into the Maister Woods through stubborn German resistance. But the German Army was lash ing out furiously ^at a dozen places along the undulating 70-mile front from the Saar to the Rhine in di versionary assaults which already have cost the Americans their thin foothold on German soil northeast of Sarreguemines. The attacks may yet prove to be another burst in Field Marshal von Rundstedt's offensive. Limited Nazi Gains. So far. the American line was holding the Germans to limited gains, but the Nazis were still strik ing along their 2-mile-deep and 5 mile-long dent southeast of Bitche.; The enemy, moreover, had driven a bridgehead across the Blies River east of Sarreguemines. Snow was falling again over the Belgian bulge and there was rain farther south. At least through this j morning, close air support was lack ing because planes were grounded. None of the Germans' attacks be-! tween the Saar and the Rhine made any sizable gains and most were re pulsed. Behind the Siegfried Line in the Saarland and Palatinate, a consid erable increase was noted in enemy activity and supreme Allied head quarters in its communique said ominously that “German units are across the Blies River” in the sector east of Sarreguemines. The inclination still was to treat the German jabs along the Saar and to the Rhine as local attacks. Three Towns Recaptured. Three more town were recaptured by the Allies in the Belgian-Luxem bourg bulge. These were Margaret, Gerimont and Mande St. Etienne. Lt. Gen. George S. Patton's 3d Army had captured 7,825 prison ers since December 22. when it launched Its counterthrust against the German offensive. Patrols penetrated St. Hubert, but were pushed out of the Belgian traffic center, which was increas ingly menaced by the approach of Gen. Patton’s main forces closing up from the south. German movements inside the wedge were the greatest since the Nazi westward tide was stemmed, and these were mostly eastward. There was no positive indication whether this represented an out right withdrawal of armor which Marshal von Rundstedt was un willing to risk losing, or whether It was a troop shift from the badly battered southern flank to meet a • possible menace elsewhere. Broader Striking Positions. Gen. Patton’s troops swarmed for-1 ward in gains averaging at least a mile along the whole front from: west of Bastogne to St. Hubert.; They broadened their striking posi tions on both sides of Bastogne and advanced a mile and a half more to the northeast. By last night, the thrust to the northeast through bitter German opposition had reached Arloncourt. less than a mile from Michamp, w'hich is 5 miles northeast of Bastogne. A 3d Army dispatch filed at 11:13 a m. today, however, said "fierce German resistance on both sides of the Bastogne salient had brought an overnight halt to the advance | into the neck of the bulge.” German defenses came princi-! pally from small arms and anti- j tank gunfire rather than from Ger man armor. And along this w'hole sector where Von Rundstedt ear lier had jammed his forces shoulder to shoulder, there were reports over the last 24 hours of steady troop movements to the east and north east. Northern Flank Quiet. This would be toward St. Vith. the road junction at the base of the wedge which Allied fighter bombers have been keeping under ruinously constant attack. Official reports from north of the salient said that flank was quiet last night. Two German patrols, one in American uniforms, were spotted. American troops crawled forward a few hundred yards against German outposts south of Mon schau. From Bastogne itself the Ameri cans by last night fought their way 2 more miles due east through the village of Magaret and on toward Longvilly. Mande-St. Etienne was taken in a push of close to a mile due west along the Bastogne-Marche road. Driving northward from the line which runs almost straight from Bastogne to St. Hubert, ♦he Ameri cans cleared the De Valets Forest, 5 miles west of Bastogne. They pushed up three-quarters of a mile from Monnerue, northeast of Moircy, Two additional men from the District area have been re ported killed in this war. See ' On the Honor Roll,” Page A-2. (See WESTERN FRONT, Page A-3) Byrnes Asks Induction of Men 18 to 25 With Farm Deferments 364,000 in Group Face Reclassification; Move Authorized by President War Mobilization «- Director James F. Byrnes today called on selective service to reclassify for induction the 364,000 men in the 18-to-25 age group who now have agricultural deferments. In a letter to Maj. Gen. Lewis B. Hershey, selective service director, in which he stressed Army and Navy needs for more men, Mr. Byrnes re called that Gen. Hershey had ad vised him that if the agricultural, deferables are not available “you must call into the service occupa tionally deferred men in the next age group, 26 years and older, most of whom are fathers.” He added that D. A. Krug. War Production Board chairman, advised him that the loss of these men from industry “would make it extremely difficult, if not impossible, to meet critical war demands.” Mr. Byrnes said the older men would not meet the expressed needs of Army and Navy. Authorized By President. In further defending the move to terminate the agricultural defer ments, Mr. Byrnes told Gen. Hershey that War Food Adminis trator Marvin Jones has advised him that the resultant loss of farm production "should not result in a critical condition." Mr. Byrnes had forecast this step in his report ad vocating legislation to permit the; draft of 4-Fs, and he told Gen. Hershey he was now authorized by the President to take it. Comparative figures from selec tive service show that deferments in the 18-25 bracket for industry and medicine total from 35,000 to 40.000 persons or roughly a tenth of the agricultural deferments. Text of Byrnes Letter. The text of the Byrnes letter fol lows : k “The Secretaries of War and Navy have advised me jointly that the calls from the Army and Navy to be met in the coming year will exhaust the eligibles in the 18 through-25 year age group at an early date. The Army and Navy be lieve it essential to the effective prosecution of the war to induct more men in this age group. “You have reported that other than the men becoming 18 years of age the only remaining substantial source in this age group is in the 364.000 men now deferred because of agricultural occupation. You have further advised me that if this group is not available, you must call into the service occupationally de ferred men in the next age group, 26 years and older, most of whom are fathers. “The chairman of the War Pro duction Board, Mr. Krug, advises me that the lass of these men would make it extremely difficult, if not impossible, to meet critical war de <See FARM LABOR, Page A-4.1 1,100 U. S. Bombers Hit Transport Points j In West Germany Masses of Nazi Supplies Bound for Front Raided; Berlin Raided by RAF By the Associated Preta. LONDON, Jan. 3.—Eleven hun dred American Flying Fortresses and Liberators smashed rail and road centers in Western Ger many for the 12th consecutive day today for a new record fori sustained winter bombing. The skies were cloudy. Only a solitary German fighter, which made ; an ineffectual pass at one bomber formation# was sighted by the 600 escorting Thunderbolts and Mus tangs. The bombers spread from 3,000 to 4,000 tons of explosives over highway intersections, ripe for traffic jams, northwest of Karlsruhe and along the Belgian-German border and over rail yards jammed with front bound freight at Cologne, Aschaffen burg and Fulda, near Frankfurt. Berlin Raided. They followed RAF raids last night on Nurnberg, Ludwigshafen and Berlin. British and American forces teamed yesterday in two i.OOO-bomb er blows—one by day and the other by night. Their targets were rail way yards congested with freight, key highway intersections and tank and troop concentrations concealed in woods. Fighters and bombers operating from France, Belgium and Holland smashed the Nazis hard with day long attacks in support of ground forces. The appearance of these j planes belied Germans claims of re sults obtained by Nazi pilots in their surprise New Year Day strafing of Allied airfields. 750 Sorties Flown. United States 9th Air Force dive bombers alone g in 750 sorties. Their bag included 62 armored ve hicles knocked out and 34 damaged in the Bastogne-St. Vith area, 27 German antiaircraft batteries de stroyed. 222 railroad cars wrecked and 9 locomotives blasted. A dozen Mustangs caught five Messerschmitt 109s preparing to land and destroyed every one. One hundred and fifty medium bombers worked on railroad bridges and communications centers in the Nazi bulge inside Belgium. All told, 13 German fighters were shot down for a loss of 11 fighters and 10 bombers by the Allies. Paris Editor Executed LONDON, Jan. 3 (.fl5).—The Paris radio said Albert le Jeune, former manager and chief editor of the Petit Nicois, w-as executed at dawn today by a firing squad after con viction as a collaborationist. 10,000 Nazis Killed, 30,C J Wounded in Budapest, Reds Say Buda Almost Captured And 232 Blocks Are Occupied in Pest Ey the Associated Press. MOSCOW, Jan 3. — Russian forces today were smashing their way through Budapest in fierce house-to-house fighting. Making progress in what an official announcement called “fierce encounters in fortified houses, in courtyards and in cellers,” Red Army troops yesterday captured 232 blocks in Pest, the part of the city east of the Danube, and 53 more blocks in Buda, on the opposite bank. On the basis of preliminary re ports, it is believed in Moscow that the enemy garrison already has lost 10,000 dead and possibly 30,000 wounded. Although the Red Army has not officially estimated the strength of the trapped garrison, Col. Gen. Janos Voros, minister of defense of the provisional Hungarian government recently set up in Russian-held ter ritory, said last night the total may run as high as 75,000 to 100,000 Ger mans, plus 30,000 Hungarians. 1,000 Prisoners Taken. With yesterday’s advances, which brought in approximately 1,000 pris oners. the Rusians now held nearly 1,000 blocks of the battered city. How 2.000,000 civilians, estimated to be cowering inside the city, are surviving the struggle could only be imagined. It now appeared likely that the Russian armies would not resume offensive operations in great force in the direction of the Austrian frontier until Budapest is largely overwhelmed. Forty-two miles northwest of Budapest and 10 miles southeast of the Danube communications center of Komarom, fresh German armored forces drawn from Austria lashed out yesterday at the tip of Marshal Feodor I. Tulbukhin’s salient on the main road to Vienna. It was an nounced officially the attack was re pulsed. Nazi Break Fails. Although this counterattack was too far distant to affect the fate of the Germans cut off in Budapest, a force of the latter, possibly in sheer desperation, tried and failed to break out of the western part of the Hungarian capital. Soviet correspondents said Rus sian guns of all calibers were bat tering deeper inside the city some times dueling at less than 100-yard range with German tanks and self propelled artillery. An Izvestia correspondent said the Germans had converted Budapest University into a fortress in the center of blocks of burning houses. Democrats Spent $2,056,121; GOP Receipts 52c Under Limit By the Associated Press. Democratic and Republican Na tional Committees spent $4,884,773.14 in the 1944 presidential campaign. Reports filed with Congress today —exclusive of State campaign ex penses—showed the Democrats spent $2,056,121.58 to re-elect President Roosevelt to a fourth term. The Republican committee said it spent $2,828,651.56 in its unsuccess ful campaign for Gov. Dewey. The two reports were filed as a special House committee proposed legislation to bring all political cam paign organizations under the scru tiny of the Corrupt Practices Act. Such a provision would take in the CIO Political Action Committee. The major party reports showed the Republicans took in $2,999,999.48 —52 cents under the $3,000,000 legal ceiling—in contributions and other receipts for the 1944 campaign. Democratic contributions and other receipts were listed at $2,056,121.58. The Democratic accounting showed National Chairman Robert E. Han negan’s weekly campaign salary at $384.61. No salary was listed for Herbert Brownell, the Republican chairman. Other separate accountings filed today—deadline for campaign re ports—included: The Democratic Congressional Campaign Commit tee, $134,164 receipts, $132,250 ex penditures; Businessmen for Roose velt, Inc., $165,210 receipts, $159,284 expenditures; New York Independ ent Republican Committee, receipts, $32,136; expenditures, $31,211. B-29s Attack War Plants on Main Jap Isle Army Reveals No Details; Japs Report | 90 Planes in Raid ! By the Associated Press. I Super Forresses today attacked the principal Japanese island of Honshu, hitting industrial tar gets in daylight, the War Depart ment announced here. A department communique did not disclose the size of the attack ing force, nor did it give the exact targets, but a Japanese imperial headquarters communique said about 90 B-29s took part in the raid. The Japanese said the aircraft center of Nagoya and neighboring industrial cities of Osaka and Ha mamatsu were attacked. The figure of 90 B-29s is the largest ever of ficially reported by the Japanese as being over Japan. 17 Bombers Downed, Japs Say. The Tokyo communique, broad-! cast by the Domei news agency and, recorded by the Federal Communi-1 cations Commission, claimed 17 Super Forts were downed and 251 damaged. Four of those downed? were listed as probables and three? as being destroyed by body-crash: attacks. The three industrial cities Tokyo j reported were attacked today are on the south-central coast of Honshu. Osaka and Hamamatsu, respectively, j are roughly 75 miles southwest and southeast of Nagoya whose two big Mitsubishi aircraft plants have been repeated targets of B-29 raids. Japanese reports said the B-29s struck in waves in midafternoon with almost perfect visibility for the bombardiers. Japs Report Light Damage. “Although there were some dam ages inflicted in the Nagoya and Hamamatsu areas by the enemy in cendiary bombs," the communique said, “there were almost i.'o damages inflicted upon vital facilities and factories.” Imperal headquarters conceded that two Interceptors failed to re turn to their home Adds. The Tokyo radio said the B-29s were "divided in several formations" which hit Nagoya "principally” but “also Osaka, Kobe and Hamamatsu areas." “Several incendiaries were dropped in the Osaka and Nagoya areas." said radio Tokyo, "but the damage was kept to a minimum because of the vigorous activities of our air de fense untt.” B-29 Headquarters Moved From Saipan to Guam GUAM, Jan. 3 <^P).—Brig. Gen. Haywood S. Hansell, commander of the 21st Bomber Command, has moved his B-29 headquarters to this island from Saipan. The general said today's B-29 strike against Japan was the first directed from American territory. Guam was recaptured from the Japanese in July, 1944. Some Jap anese snipers still are on the island. The control building is built so Gen. Hansell can maintain the closest kind of communication with each future B-29 unit on other islands in the Marianas and with Washington. The building was designed and planned by 33-year-old Col. John Beverley Montgomery, Spartanburg^ S. C. Gillette Is Nominated To Surplus Property Board President Roosevelt moved today to round out the three-man Surplus War Property Board with the ap pointment of Guy M. Gillette, whose term as Democratic Senator from Iowa ended today. Mr. Gillette was defeated for re-election last No vember. Mr. Roosevelt also nominated Paul A. Porter, former director of publicity for the Democratic Na tional Committee, to be a member of the Federal Communications Commission and Harry D. White, now an assistant to the Secretary of the Treasury, to succeed John L. ; Sullivan as Assistant Secretary. ; Mr. Gillette’s nomination had been i held up to wait the expiration of his | Senate term. The other members I of the board have been confirmed I by the Senate. They are: Robert Hurley, former Governor of Con necticut, and Lt. Col. Edward Heller of California. Late Bulletins Jury Gets Chaplin Case LOS ANGELES (P).—The Charles Chaplin paternity case went to the jury at 10:18 a.m. (P. W. T.) today after Su perior Judge Henry M. Willis said in his charge that blood tests to determine parentage are not binding under Cali fornia law. (Earlier Story on Page A-3.) Turks Break With Japs LONDON OP).—The Ankara radio late today announced the Turkish Grand National Assembly had voted unani mously to break off diplomatic and economic relations with Japan, effective neat Satur day. Turkey broke relations with Germany last August 2. ' The broadcast gave no details. / HEY, JIMMIE?) ^WHAT'S UP? t—t—yrrmtl r™i 1 KNOW THERE'S j A WAR ON? /* I Leyte-Based Bombers Batter Japs' Busiest Airfield Near Manila MacArthur's Planes Set Fire to Five Ships in Sweep Toward Formosa By the Associated Press. GEN. MacARTHUR’S HEAD QUARTERS, Philippines, Jan. 3. —A smashing New Year Day bombing of Manila’s Clark Field by Leyte-based Liberators was reported from a 5th Air Force advance base as Gen. MacAr thur’s stepped up air assaults brought Formosa into his com munique today for the first time. Fighter-escorted Liberators of the veteran Red Riders group flew through intense antiaircraft fire to drop bombs on the busiest airdrome in the Philippines. Many bombers were pierced by flak, but all re turned. The fighters tangled with Jap anese interceptors in numerous dogfights, and at least two enemy aircraft were seen to go down. “We gave those Nips an unhappy start on 1945," observed Bombardier Lt. Raymond Seidel, Olympia, Wash. <A Japanese Domei agency dis patch said 20 American Libera tors raided Clark Field yesterday in the second attack of the year and claimed four were shot ■ down.) Luzon Targets Raided. The Monday raid was an extension of strong land-based assaults on Lu zon, reaching targets as far as 150 miles north of Manila, the last few days. Gen. MacArthur said in his com munique today that patrol planes approached Formosa, the enemy's; island bastion 225 miles north of the Philippines, Sunday, setting five coastal ships afire and shooting down four planes. It was the first strike by South-: west Pacific planes so far north, i Formosa was bombed in October by Pacific Fleet carrier planes and by Asia-based Super Fortresses. Formosa is Japan’s great staging base for her Philippine forces. American bombers in widespread Sunday raids poured the greatest load, 135 tons of bombs, on Halma hera. between New Guinea and the Philippines. Halmahera’s airdromes, supply areas and antiaircraft posi tions were hammered in the con tinued neutralization campaign. Jap Facilities Blasted. Fighter planes sweeping over Southern Luzon caused widespread damage to warehouses, rail facili ties, power plants and wharves. Medium bombers, operating farther north, sank a 2,000-ton merchant ship off the Luzon coast and caused fires and explosions at Laoag. A gunboat was sunk by patrol planes. Mopping up proceeded on Leyte Island as the Americans killed 778 more Japanese and took 1 prisoner. Total enemy dead or captured on the bloody Island has reached 119,762. At Pearl Harbor, Admiral Chester W. Nimitz announced an ineffectual raid Monday by a lone twin-engined Japanese bomber on Saipan, the Marianas base for the Tokyo-raid ing Super Fortresses. He reported another bombing of Iwo Jima, Japanese air base in the Volcano Islands 750 miles south of Tokyo. Iwo, takeoff point for enemy raids on Saipan, was bombed 28 times in December. Tokyo radio, perhaps referring to the same raid, said “our air force units attacked the enemy air base on Saipan Island, and blasted and set ablaze more than two points.” 54,420 Tons of Bombs Dropped by RAF in Month By the Associated Press. LONDON, Jan. 3.—Summarizing December operations, the RAF an nounced last night that during the month its heavy bombers deluged German targets with 54,420 tons of explosives in 18 night and 25 day light missions. All but 2,340 tons were dropped in Western Germany in support of Allied armies. British Mosquito bombers com pleted 46 missions and dropped 550 2-ton blockbusters, the announce ment said. Figures for the United States 8th Air Force are not complete. D. C. Bank Deposits Rise 93 Million In Last 6 Months Deposits in 21 Capital banks aggregated $855,756,433.50 on December 30, a gain in the last six months of $93,899,475,52 and, in the full year of 1944, of $146,455,790.16. The big advances were disclosed today following a condition call issued by Controller of the Cur rency Preston Delano. Bankers ascribed the sharp rise mainly to deposits now in the banks which the Treasury has not yet withdrawn in connection with the Sixth War Loan drive. Other deposits also increased substantially during the year. (Details in Financial Section). President Renames Mahaffie, Alldredge To ICC;BaftleExpected Supporters of D. C. Mon May Retaliate Should Southerners Fight Him A Senate fight against the background of the long-standing Southern freight controversy shaped up as a strong possibility today when President Roosevelt nominated Charles D. Mahaffie of the District and J. Haden All dredge of Alabama for reappoint ment to the Interstate Com merce Commission. tioutnerners in congress have been conducting a campaign to replace Mr. Mahaffie with an appointee who ‘understands'' their railroad prob lems and supporter of the veteran commissioner have threatened to re taliate by opposing confirmation of Mr. Alldredge ;f opposition to Mr. Mahaffie is sustained. Reports have been current for several days that the President has taken cognizance of the situation and had decided simply to renom inate the two men and let the Sen ate fight it out, instead of making a new appointment in Mr. Mahaffie's place. * Discrimination Charged. The basis of the fight is the con tention of Southern interests that railroads have discriminated against their section to the advantage of the North and East in fixing freight rates. In recent months they have had the support of Vice President Wal lace and the Justice Department. In seeking to replace Mr. Ma haffle, Southern members of Con gress have said they would favor the appointment of either C. E. Childe or Robert E. Webb, former members of the Board of Investi gation and Research which con ducted a series of transportation studies. These two several months ago joined in a report in which they recommended that Congress give the Interstate Commerce Com mission a clear mandate for the es tablishment of a uniform scale of class rates—the principal which the South advocates. The move against Mr. Mahaffie brought to his defense the Associa tion of Interstate Commerce Com mission Practitioners, whoste mem bers plead cases before the ICC. (See FREIGHT RATE, Page A-4.) Lea Unit Gives FCC Clean Bill of Health; i Upholds WMCA Sale ' Report to House Split, 3 to 2, on Party Lines; Corcoran Is Cleared By the Associated hress. The special Lea committee, in a split report, told the House to- : day that it had found nothing : basically wrong with operations; of the Federal Communications , Commission or with its handling j of the case growing out of the sale of Radio Station WMCA in New York. The three Democratic members - signed the majority version and each of the two Republicans submitted separate minority statements. * The committee, headed by Repre sentative Lea of California, was created two years ago to investigate the FCC. It filed its final report just before last midnight, when the committee itself ceased to exist. The majority report said James L. Fly, former FCC chairman, "con tributed materially to the better functioning of the commission" and "left it better than he found it.” However, it added, the former chairman's actions in connection with the sale of radio station WFTL: at Fort Lauderdale. Fla., amounted to "putting the heat” on the former owner to sell to a friend of Mr. Fly. FCC Differences Cited. While taking note of “differences of opinion" among FCC members, the committee said these were not "a matter of condemnation” and “an honest difference of opinion as to public administration is and may well be of useful service.” The majority report was signed by | Representatives Lea, Hart of New! Jersey and Priest of Tennessee. Minority reports were filed by Rep resentatives Miller of Missouri and Wigglesworth of Massachusetts. Of the WMCA case, the commit tee’s most publicized investigation,' the majority said it found no evi-: dence that Donald Flamm, former owner, had sold it. to Edward J. No ble, one-time Assistant Secretary of Commerce, under “pressure, coercion or duress." Allegations Called Baseless. Mr. Flamm contended he sold the station for less than he could havej obtained because of fear that he would lose his license if he did not sell. “The general allegations to the effect that the White House had! anything to do in pressuring Flamm into selling his station to Noble is wholly without foundation in fact,”j the majority said. The committee added that it found “nothing to censure" in the conduct of Thomas G. Corcoran, former White House aide, in con nection with the WMCA transac tion, and "nothing to censure in the conduct of Mr. Edward J. Noble.” Changes in Act Asked. The 25,000-word majority report found “a basic need” for a re-ex amination of provisions of the Com munications Act “with a view to : their modification to conform to the requirements of administration | as demonstrated by the needs of the (See FCC, Page A-3.) Cowboy Senator, Family Sing For a Home Near Capitol Dome (Picture on •Page A-2.) By the Associated Press. Glen H. Taylor, new Democratic Senator from Idaho gathered his family about him on the cold steps of the Capitol this morning, strum med a chord on his battered banjo and started singing: “Oh, give me a home near the Capitol dome, "With a yard where little chil dren can play— “Just one room or two any old thing will do— "Oh, we can’t find a plaa-a-ace to stay!” Then, just as if there weren’t two movie cameras, a dozen still pho tographers and a microphone within a mile, he observed conversation ally: “These are serious times, but I do think it would be a good idea to put up a barracks where new mem bers of Congress could stay.” Mrs. Taylor, an attractive bru nette in a dark fur coat, put her arms around the two Taylor young sters and said things were never like this back in Pocatello. Her husband, a singing cowboy who sang himself into a Senate seat, introduced the folks “This is Arod,” he said. “That’s Dora, my wife’s name, spelled back ward, and he’s 9. He plays the clarinet pretty good—he’s been on the radio with me.” “Little P. L. here—his full name’s Paul Jon—will be 3 on Douglas MacArthur’s birthday,” Mrs. Taylor added. "He can sing, too,” the new Sen ator said proudly. While waiting for their song to produce a house the Taylors are staying at a hotel. Congress Opens; Work-or-Fighf Law Big Issue Leaders Split on Proposal for 4Fs Offered by Byrnes A developing controversy over work-or-flght legislation enliv ened the Capitol Hill atmosphere today as the Seventy-ninth Con gress met for its first session. The recommendations of War Mo bilization Director Byrnes on fuller utilization of manpower already had brought strongly divergent opinions from legislators. President Roosevelt set the stage for the discussion at his press con ference yesterday, when he indi catd he favors Mr. Byrnes’ pro posed work-or-fight order to men rejected by the armed forces as physically unfit. But it is up to Congress to mold legislation to this effect, he said. Plan to Come Up Friday. The Byrnes suggestion that 4,000, 000 4-Fs be made subject to assign ment to limited military service or war plant jobs will be considered Friday by the House Military Affairs Committee. At the same time, the committee will decide whether to hold hearings on universal service legislation empowering the Govern ment to tell men and women they must take war jobs. Of the Byrnes' manpower propos als, Senator George, Democrat, of Georgia said he saw no need for such legislation. Senator Vandenberg, Republican, of Michigan, chairman of the Republican conference, said if the President asks for work-or fight legislation he'll probably get it. Senator Taft, Republican, of Ohio doubted that much increase in war plant employment would result. Senator Kilgore, Democrat, of West Virginia and Representative Andrews. Republican, of New York ; pondered the same question—how ! much to pay the drafted 4-F in a war plant. The $50 a drafted soldier gets or the $250 to $300 or more the man at the next bench gets? Said ,Mr. Kilgore: “I'm afraid they wouldn't get much production out of those $50-a month men.” Short Offers Remedy. Representative Short. Republican, of Missouri threw in a barb that the administration “stop all strikes of able-bodied men in war plants as the No. 1 answer to a greater labor sup ply." There was some argument in Congress also over the Byrnes sug gestion that Vhe War Labor Board be given authority to enforce its orders without resorting to Govern ment seizure of plants. His pro posals for enactment of postwar tax changes also got a cool reception in some quarters. Chairman McCarran of the Sen ate Judiciary' Committee said it was all right to talk of giving the War Labor Board authority to enforce its decisions, but before Congress did that, he added, it would want to be sure that the WLB rulings com plied w'ith the law Congress had laid down. Senator George put it another way. “I am willing to vote the WLB full authority to enforce its orders if the orders are made subject to real review by the courts." he said. In the past, the administration has contended the board's orders are advisory, not subject to court review. General Revision Out. As /or postwar taxes. Senator George, who heads the Senate Finance Committee, ,had this to say: “Anything in the nature of a general revision of our revenue laws is out of the question now.” Whether the President would deal directly with these issues in his message on the state of the Union Saturday remained problematical. Mr. Roosevelt told his news confer ence he was in substantial agree ment with Mr. Byrnes’ report, and in response to a question, said there was nothing in it w'ith which he differed. He said he favored in principle the Byrnes tax proposals which are designed to ease business into the reconversion period. Most members thought the Presi dent would devote most of his at tention to foreign affairs in the annual message. Galleries Crowded. Crowded galleries watched the Senate go through the formality of swearing in 29 of the 32 Senators re-elected or newly elected this year, rsee CONGRESS, Page A-2.) 'Open City' Status Barred for Vienna By the Associated Press. LONDON, Jan. 3.—The Parts Radio said today that Adolph Hitler has refused an appeal by Vienna officials to declare Vienna an open city to spare it the fate of Budapest and has ordered the evacuation of the civilian population. The broadcast also said the pro visional Hungarian government in Russian-occupied Debrecen has ap pealed to military and civilian au thorities in Budapest to cease fight ing to preserve what is left of the ancient Hungarian capital, Latest Overseas Star Ready for Mailing The latest issue of The Star’s Overseas Edition is ready for mailing today. Free copies, with envelopes, are ob tainable at The Star’s business counter and the Victory Bond Booth in Lansburgh’s Depart ment Store. The Overseas Star may be sent by ordinary mail for 3 cents, but it will be delivered much more quickly—and wU| be all the more appreciated— if sent by airmail at 12 cents.