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- / Rain today, tonight, probably ending early tomorrow; colder tomorrow. Temperatures today—Highest, 46, at 1:30 p.m.; lowest, 41, at 1:40 a.m. Yes terday—Highest, 56, at 4 p.m.; lowest, 33. at 7:15 a.m. Lote New York Morkets, Poge A-11. _ Guide for Readers page. Amusem’ts _B-18 Comics _B-14-15 Editorial ..A-6 Edit! Articles.. A-7 Finance .A-ll Lost and Found A-3 * P|ge Obituary .A-12 Radio .B-15 Society.B-3 Sports ..A-8-9 Where to Go...B-7 Woman’s P&ge .B-t An Associated Press Newspaper 93d YEAR. No.* 36,823. WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 1945—TWENTY-EIGHT PAGES. ★★★ City Home Delivery. Dally and Sunday a» /'iTT'XTnna BOc a Month. When 6 Sunday*. $1.00. «* L'HlJM JL O. ‘ * ■? ft 5-Mile Gains on Widening Front Result in Fall of 20 More Towns Broad Advances Also Scored By 3d Army By the Associated Press. PARIS, Feb. 26.—American in fantry and tanks today drove within 12 miles of Cologne in advances up to 5 miles on a broadening front approaching the Rhine and the great Ruhr in dustrial valley. Twenty or more towns fell overnight on a 28 mile sector of the Cologne Plain. First Army troops of Lt. Gen. Courtney H. Hodges surged closest to Cologne, a city of 768.000 which is described officially as the most devastated city in all the Rhine land. The nearest approach was be yond the villages of Morchenick, Golzheim, Girblerath and Rommels heim, all captured in night attacks. First Army troops fought into Frau wullusheim. The Amerkans were miles past Dueren, whicn was cleared out yes terday and swiftly approaching the Erft River. Tanks Stream Across Roer. Tanks streamed across the Roer bridges to power the attacks of the American 9th and 1st Armies, which the Germans said were using 40 di visions or up to 600.000 men. The great Ruhr and Rhineland city of Dusseldorf. with a popula tion of 540.000, was less than 20 miles from the 9th Army. Lt. Gen. William H. Simpson's shock troops closed within a mile of the heavily fortified communications center of Erkelenz and 6 miles of the fringe of the Ruhr industrial region and Meunchen Gladbach, a city of 127,000. The Americans fought 26 miles deep in Germany and less than 4 miles from the Erft River where five German divisions offering “light to moderate resistance" on the Cologne Plain were expected to make a supreme stand to bar the Americans from the Rhine. 3d Army Makes New Gains. South of the Cologne Plain, the, American 3d Army registered a<\-! vances up to 7 miles which carried the 4th Armored Division to the Nims River in the vicinity of the fortified center of Bitburg. A dozen or more towns fell to Lt. Gen. George S. Patton's troops sweeping toward Koblenz on the Middle Rhine. They fought 3'2 miles beyond Saarburg in a gradual encirclement of the ancient city of Trier. North of the Cologne Plain. Field Marshal Montgomery intensified his attacks behind the breached Sieg fried Line and moved his Canadian 1st Army within 1,000 yards of the stoutly defended town of Calcar, 2 miles from the receding Rhine. Overnight advances w'ere up to a mile and a half. These forces were 45 miles north of the 9th Army flank moving toward the Ruhr. The American 7th Army invading the Saar district, widened its front inside Germany within sight of the ruins of Saarbruecken. More Prisoners Captured. Everywhere on the western front the destruction of the thinly spread German divisions continued. Pris oners taken by the Canadians passed 23,000. One division of the 1st Army which captured Dueren, second larg est German city to fall in the West, captured 2.000. The 9th and 1st Armies took more than 5.000 be tween them and other bedraggled prisoners were streaming back. The 3d Army took 2,700 prisoners yester day. Weather deteriorated somewhat. German resistance on the Cologne Plain, laced with old-style trenehes And dotted with a profusion of forti fied towns, slag heaps and villages, was cracking badly under the pow erful blows of the 9th and 1st Armies. Only five American divi sions have been identified in battle so far. The 3d Army In the center was clear through a 32-mile-wide breach in the Siegfried Line and fighting in other parts of the west wall be yond Saarburg. No Important Counterattacks. The Germans, backed up into the outer defenses of the great but rub bled cities of the Lower Rhine, failed to execute a single important coun terattack overnight. ■*» Ninth Army vanguards, braving costly and delaying mine fields, fought through a hail of fire from 88-millimeter guns toward the south ern outskirts of Erkelenz (popula tion, 6,600) in a dash toward the Ruhr. Among the towns captured was Oberembt, 4 miles from the Erft. 17 due west of Cologne and 26 miles inside Germany. Others toppled were Guesten, Haselsweiler, Spiel, Grantenrath, Houverath, Hertze rath, Triest, Morsel, Muntz, Mersch, Welldorf, Rodingen, Merzenich, Ellen, Binsfield, Stockheim and Kreuzau. As the Allied offensive ground deeper into the vitals of the Reich, heavy German rail and road move ments were spotted east of the Rhine, moving north toward Co logne. That great communications and industrial center lies almost en tirely on the west bank of the Rhine and is doubly vulnerable to the (See WESTERN FRONT, Page A-2.) Tokyo Tells of Damage in Raid By Carrier Planes and B-29s Koiso Apologizes Second Time to Hirohito For Bombs Falling Near Palace Ey the Associated Press. PACIFIC FLEET HEADQUAR TERS, Guam. Feb. 26.—Indus i trial targets in the Tokyo area i and elsewhere on Japan’s main | island of Honshu took a powerful | one-two punch from American aerial might yesterday as wave after wave of carrier-based planes roared over, followed by more than 200 Super Fortresses— largest B-29 fleet ever assembled. Admiral Chester W. Nimitz's com munique today made no further mention of the carrier strike—main taining the same silence which fol lowed the 5th Fleet’s two-day car rier smash against Tokyo February 16, 17. The Tokyo radio said 1.600 car rier planes and 165 sky giants madei ! the twin aerial attacks yesterday. Subsequently Tokyo trimmed the carrier planes to 600. The War De partment in Washington reported that more than 200 Super Portresses participated. All returned. Fires Started by Bombs. The Super Ports dropped bombs and incendiaries for two hours through a heavy snowfall. Snow has little effect on incendiaries. Damage was done to airfields, military installations and transpor tation facilities in the Tokyo area, the Tokyo radio said, adding “bombs started fires in various sections” but “they were almost entirely quelled by nightfall.” Bombs fell in an area adjacent to the guard house at the gates of Omlya Palace, residence of the Em _(See TOKYoT Page A-3l Russians 51 Miles * From Baltic in New Drive Toward Sea Armored Thrust Threatens Nazi Corridor From Stettin to Elbing By the Associated Press. LONDON. Feb. 26—Marshal Constantin Rokossovsky’s 2d White Russian Army, scoring a deep new penetration in the drive toward the Baltic, has reached the area of Hammer stein. 51 miles from the sea. a German military spokesman said today. The armored thrust threatened to, cut in two a 225-mile-long coastal' corridor which the Germans hold from below Stettin to Elbing. in East | Prussia. Hammerstein is 11 miles' southeast of Neustettin. At the western end of the corridor, the Russians also forced the Ger mans to retreat northward from captured Arnswalde to a line along the Ihna River, the Berlin spokes man said in a broadcast. The Ihna runs through Starogard and Reetz. 19 to 40 miles east of Stettin. Neustettin, important com munications center in Northeastern Pomerania, is about 90 miles east and slightly north of Stettin. The reaching of the Hammerstein area by the Russians would repre sent a 10-mile gain from Barkenfeld, whose capture the Russians an nounced last night. The strong hold of Preussich-Friedland also fell in the new Soviet drive, Moscow said. Berlin said more than 50,000 men were thrown into the new Soviet assault, spearheads of which already have overrun a 10-mile stretch of the Berlin-Danzig highway. The drive, launched in the area southeast of Chojnice, gained 7 miles yesterday through lake studded terrain, toppled the town of Bischofsw'alde, 3 miles north of the super highway, and at the same time knifed across a section of the Berlin-Stettin-Danzig railway. Nazis Rush Reserves. A Berlin broadcast said Nazi re serves were being rushed into the sector, 110 miles northeast of the Baltic port of Stettin, and a late Russian communique said 3,000 Ger • See-RUSSIATPage A-4.) Bucharest Workers Reported Fired On By the Associated Press. MOSCOW, Feb. 26.—Sporadic shooting echoed through Bucharest streets following an attack by sol diers on unarmed worker groups marching to the palace to urge for mation of a new democratic govffn ment, the official Soviet news agency Tass reported today. Here it was believed that the coali tion government of Premier Nicolae Radescu would be overturned in favor of the national democratic front which has been agitating for Agrarian reform and an accelerated purge of “Fascist” elements in the country. Yanks Use Artillery To Blast Japs From Two Manila Buildings Corregidor Shaken Anew By Explosions of Enemy Committing Mass Suicide By th« Associated Press. MANILA, Feb. 26.— Officially, the battle is over, but Manila rumbled today as American ar tillery blasted Japanese who used a surrender period to improve their positions in the two build ings they still hold. And at the entrance of Manila Bay, Corregidor fortress was shaken anew’ by underground explosions touched off by enemy marines com mitting mass suicide. Last night loud speakers blared a final warning from Maj. Gen. Rob ert S. Beightler to Japanese in Ma nila s agricultural and finance build ings to “surrender, commit suicide or be killed. '’ The Japanese answered with! sniper fire in the direction of the1 loud speakers. When the warning voice gave the enemy 30 minutes to evacuate, Lt. Richard K. Bishop of East Brady, Pa., said, some Jap anese dashed from the building and dove into defense positions at its base, using the immunity period to improve their position. Heavy Battling Predicted. Main fighting was east of Manila along the Taka hash! line where Maj. Gen. O. W. Griswold, 14th Corps commander, predicted heavy bat tling. There was' no mention in Gen. MacArthur’s communique today of action in Manila. He announced Saturday that doughboys of the 37th ! Infantry and 1st Cavalry Divisions overwhelmed the enemy's final po sitions in South Manila's ancient Intramuros and destroyed the trapped garrison. More than 12,000 Japanese bodies already had been counted. On Corregidor 200 survivors tried to make a run for it from the Ma linta tunnel mouth after a tremen dous blast but were cut down by enfilading fire of the 503d Para troopers and the 34th Regiment's 3d Battalion. Gen. MacArthur announced the capture by 6th Division Yanks of San Isidro and Montalban in a sweeping drive to clear the foothills east of freed Manila. He reported steady pressure on all fronts end (See PHILIPPINES, Page A-3.) Pope, Fully Recovered, To Mark Anniversaries By the Associated Press. VATICAN CITY, Feb. 26—Pope Pius XII, fully recovered from a re cent attack of influenza, will observe on Friday the sixth anniversary of his elevation to the papacy and his 69th birthday. The anniversary of the election will not be observed formally in the Vatican, but a ceremony will take place March 12 in the Sistine Chapel on the anniversary of the Pope’s coronation. Many of 160 in Train Lootings May Get Chance to Fight Again By the Associated Press. PARIS, Feb. 26.—Many of the more than 160 soldiers convicted and sentenced in train-looting black market cases may be given proba tion and another chance to serve their country, it was learned today. Some of them want to be sent to the front; others asked a chance to go back to their railway battalion and make good. The prosecutor has been asked to draw a list of those convicted men likely to make good as soldiers if given the chance. No blanket sus pension of sentences is contem plated. Men released on probation would be sent to replacement depots for assignment to specific outfits ac cording to military needs and indi vidual qualifications. The cases of two officers sentenced are In a different category and their ultimate disposition is up to Gen. Eisenhower. Meanwhile, Capt. William P. Olson, San Francisco, of the 716th Railway Operating Battalian, went on trial on charges of conspiracy to defraud the United States Govern ment, wrongfully receiving Govern ment property, and neglect of duty. Sergt. Anthony J. Palmero of Elk hart, Ind., one of the first witnesses called by the prosecution, disclosed under cross - examination that charges filed against him had just been dismissed. “Byt you signed a confession, didn’t you?” defense counsel asked. "Yes, I did,” Sergt Palmero re plied. He said pilfering charges were filed against him January 19, but he was notified today that they had been dropped. Later it was confirmed that charges against several other enlisted men used as prosecution witnesses also had been dropped. Marines Step Up Iwo Drive With Aerial Support Capture of Second Airfield Imminent In Push Northward By the Associated Press. • PACIFIC FLEET HEADQUAR TERS, Guam, Feb. 26.—Capture of Iwo Jima’s second airfield, in the center of the strategic little island, was imminent today as three marine divisions drove north with considerable air sup port in an intensified push. This stiffest fight of the Pacific war went into its second week with the Yanks grimly holding almost half the island and making In exorable progress northward. The marines, already on the main airfield in the southern part of Iwo, captured the east-west runway of the Central Iwo fighter field (Moto yama No. 2) late yesterday and enveloped two-thirds of the north south runway after a full day of heavy fighting. Close Air Support. Their assault followed a prelimi nary bombardment by artillery and warship batteries. Carrier planes* and Marianas-based Liberator heavy j bombers gave close support to the * ground forces. Admiral Chester W. Nimitz an nounced the push today in a com munique. The count of Japanese dead on' Iwo reached 2.827 by noon yester day. This tabulation showed only 28 more than the 2.799 total reported the day before. The enemy garrison was estimated at 20.000 on D day. The last report on American casualties was the figure of 5,372] dead, wounded and missing up toi 6 p.m. Wednesday. The dead num bered 644 at that time. Admiral Nimitz said the 3d. 4th and 5th Marine Divisions of Maj. Gen. Harry Schmidt s 5th Amphibi ous Corps were engaged in heavy fighting. i.asi neia in Jap Hands. The central Iwo field Is the last airfield in Japanese hands. A third field, in the northern part of the island, is under construction, but far from completion. The only air drome long enough to accommo date bombers, Motoyama No. 1, was overrun by the Yanks the day after the invasion. The fanatical Japanese defenders were using the most modern weap ons they have shown yet in the Pacific. These included rockets weighing more than 1.000 pounds, heavy mortars, heavy land mines, pillboxes four feet thick, and an extensive underground- system of interlocking strongholds. Most of the hillside caves are 30 to 40 feet deep. The Japanese troops, too, are above average. Many of them are 6-footers, rare for Japanese. Jap Attack Shipping. Admiral Nimitz reported a small; group of enemy planes attacked American positions and shipping at Iwo shortly before midnight Satur day, but caused no damage. “Part of their bombs were dropped in enemy territory on the island,” he s^id. Liberators bombed the airfield at Chichi Jima, in the Bonin Islands adjacent to the north. Friday and Saturday. A large explosion was ob served on Chichi’s airfield. The air drome on Marcus Island, far to the east, was bombed Saturday. Former Foreign Minister To Form Egyptian Cabinet By the Associated Press. CAIRO, Feb. 26.—Mahmud Fahmy Nekrashi Pasha, former Egyptian foreign minister, today undertook at King Farouk’s request the task of forming a new cabinet as authori ties continued their investigation into the assassination of Premier Ahmed Maher Pasha. More than 50 persons were ar rested yesterday by police investiga tors, including two who were said to have been standing near the spot where the premier was shot down in the Chamber of Deputies Saturday after reading a decree by the King declaring war on the Axis. The majority of the arrests, how ever, were merely precautionary, police said. The actual assassin was identified as a 26-year-old Egyptian lawyer who was interned early in the war for alleged pro-German activities. Churchill and Bidault Confer on French Pact By the Associated Press. LONDON, Feb. 26.—Prime Min ister Churchill and French Foreign Minister Georges Bidault today opened preliminary talks aimed at concluding a British-Fi'ench alli ance. French economic needs, particu larly for food and clothing, are an other main topic. Foreign Minister Bidault is under stood to have given Mr. Churchill the French reaction to the Big Three policy blueprinted at Yalta, and Mr. Churchill is expected to explain how France fits into those plans. /my committee^ j WANTED ID HELP E ^ YOU BOYS OUT ^ •17. Reinforcement From the Home Front 150-Mile-Long Train Of U. S. Bombers Hits Berlin in Record Raid 1,200 Heavies Carry Out Assault; Bombs Dropped Through Overcast By the Associated Press. LONDON, Feb. 26.—More than 1,200 American heavy bombers today carried out the war’s big gest attack on Berlin, streaming over the German capital in a 150-mile-long procession. The bombers were guarded over the target by 700 long-range Mus tangs and Thunderbolts. The raiders dropped 3,000 tons of explosives and fire bombs into the heart of the city during the noon hour. More than 500,000 incen diaries were showered on the capital with the three railroad stations— Schlesischer. Alexanderplatz and Berlin North—as the main targets. All three are close to the Air Min istry. The bomber fleet exceeded bv ap proximately 200 planes the size of the assault on Berlin February 3, which eyewitness had said was the most devastating on record. Long Procession of Bombers. DNB, German news agency, in an early afternoon broadcast said a 150rmile-long train of bombers was still approaching the city while the first formations were making their attack. it was the 14th consecutive day of assaults on the Reich. RAF Mosquitos attacked Berlin last night. The Mosquitos also bombed Erfurt, important railway junction south west of Leipzig while other planes hit a variety of frontline targets in Holland and the Ruhr. Allied air forces flew more than 5,000 sorties yesterday, exclusive of the United States 15th Air Force in Italy, which carried its record as sault on targets in Austria and Southern Germany through the 13th day. The 15th conducted its smash (See AERIAL, Page A-4.) U. S. Mountain Division Scores New Gains in Italy By the Associated Press. ROME, Feb. 26.—The American 10th Mountain Division today con solidated gains in the mountainous country around captured Mount Belvedere, west of the Bologna Pistoia Highway, and won new high ground northeast and northwest of adjacent Mount Torraccia. A number of prisoners were taken in the process of mopping up enemy pockets and pillboxes in the area after several savage German coun terattacks were repulsed yesterday. • The 10th Division forces, trained in the Rocky Mountains and com manded by Maj. Gen. George P. Hays, overcame tough natural ob stacles in gaining the heights domi nating the important highway. Gen. Anders Heads All Polish Forces By the Associated Press. LONDON. Feb. 26.—Gen. Wladys law Anders, commander .of the 2d Polish Army Corps in Italy, has been appointed acting commander in chief of Polish land, sea and air forces, it was announced today. These forces are under the Polish government in London. New York Fire Imperils Gems Worth $1,500,000 By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, Feb. 26.—Jewelry valued between $1,500,000 and $2,000,000 was endangered today at the Jewelers’ Exchange by a fire fed by chemicals on the fifth floor of the building. During the two-alarm fire, which was confined to the fifth floor, de tectives guarded the Jewelers’ Ex change, known as the Manhattan Diamond Center. ; Allies and Tito Agree On Co-ordinating Forces By the Associated Pres*. ROME. Feb. 26.—Gen. Sir Harold Alexander. Allied military com mander in the Mediterranean, and Marshal Tito have reached an agreement in Belgrade for future co-ordination of their forces, it was announced here today. An administrative arrangement to be put into effect between the armed forces "when they eventually join hands” also was decided on. The bulletin announced that the two leaders had met “to discuss joint prosecution of the war in this theater to a victorious conclusion.” "Conversations, which were purely military in character, were conduct ed in an atmosphere of greatest cor idiality and agreement was reached on all points,” the bulletin added. Supreme Court Rules Mann Act Applies Within District Case of Carmen Beach Is Returned to Appeals Tribunal for Restudy The Supreme Court ruled to day that the Mann Act prohibits the transportation of women for immoral purposes wholly within the District of Columbia, and said that the Court of Appeals was wrong in ruling to the con trary. The decision was rendered in the case of Carmen Beach, former dress shop proprietor who was sentenced to from one to three years in prison and fined $2,500 in District Court here for paying the taxicab fare of a prostitute who traveled a few blocks to a Washington hotel to ply her trade. Case Sent Pack. While reversing the Court of Ap peals which had set aside the con viction, the court ordered the case sent back to the appellate tribunal for further proceedings, pointing out that the lower court had consid ered simply the applicability of the Mann Act.to the offense and had not passed on other grounds for reversal urged by the defendant. The lower court now must rule on these other issues. Six members of the court joined in the brief per curiam opinion dispos ing of the case. They summed up: “Congress, in enacting the Mann Act, made it perfectly plain by its committee reports on the proposed legislation that it was intended to apply to transportation taking place wholly within the District of Columbia.” Murphy and Black Dissent. In a dissent, in which he was joined by Justice Black, Justice Murphy said the Mann Act was intended only to apply to “white slavery, and in this instance the majority was giving the law a “tor tured and grotesque application.” Stressing that the offense was (See MANN ACT, Page A-2.) Revercomb Sponsors Compromise Bill For Control of Jobs Measure Would Limit WMC Powers; Debate Under Way in Senate By J. A. O'LEARY. A compromise job control plan, placing two limitations on the authority of the War Manpower Commission to force workers out of nonessential industry, was proposed today by Senator Rev ercomb, Republican, of West Vir ginia as the Senate began debate on the issue. Indications were that the Senate finally would approve an even mild er measure than the one reported out by the Military Affairs Commit tee, which merely strengthens the labor ceiling system of the War Manpower Commission. Senator Revercomb had revealed previously that he and a group of Senators were working on a com plete substitute for this bill, based on the premise that ample manpow er is available and that distribution is the problem. Three Major Points. High lights of the Revercomb plan are: 1. In placing ceilings on the num ber of workers in any establish ment, the War Manpower Commis sion could not cut the existing work ing force by more than 50 per cent. 2. If a worker forced out of one industry by a lowered ceiling was not accepted by a more essential plant, he could return to his old job. 3. Any man 18 to 45 who was not engaged in gainful occupation after passage of the act would be subject to immediate call by his draft board, and. if turned down by the Army, would be referred to the War Man power Commisaion for placement in an essential industry. Senator Revercomb said the first provision is intended to eliminate the possibility of a store or other small business being put out of busi ness by too low a ceiling on its work ing force. The report of the Mili tary Affairs Committee on the bill now before the Senate stateo that ceilings could be placed at zero. ' May Offer Plan Today. The second provision is designed to prevent hardship to workers who may not be acceptable to war plants, while the third is aimed at reaching any individual who may not be con tributing to the manpower pool in any capacity. Senator Revercomb is still work ing on his alternative plan, and hopes to have it ready to introduce in the Senate late today or tomor row. Early Action Sought. Although the Military Affairs Committee eliminated the work draft principle of the House bill, by confining enforcement penalties to employers who violate hiring re strictions, further efforts to modify the bill on the floor will draw sup . (See MANPOWER^ Page A-2.V Businessmen Tell House Probe Of Rent Boosts U p to200% Here More than a dozen witnesses, testifying before the National Defense Subcommittee of the House District Committee, com plained today of rent increases ranging up to 200 per cent levied by owners of commercial prop erty in Washington. Several of the witnesses presented the committee with a new problem —that of the shortage of office space here because of inrorfds made by the Government and by foreign missions. Several business and pro fessional men said they had been ordered to vacate their offices and that they had been unable to find other space. The hearing was open to those advocating a rent control law cm commercial property similar to that now in effect on residential places. Next Monday those opposing such control will be heard. J. Nelson Anderson, general counsel of the Federation of Busi nessmen’s Associations, said his group believes there should be some provision "whereby individual cases can be considered.” He said the federation recognizes increased costs of operation for the landlords and feels that the lsmdlord Is entitled "to a reasonable Increase in rentals where his costs have increased.” Mr. Anderson said the members of the federation generally were unwilling to present their com plaints publicly because they feared retaliation on the part of the land lord. "We are here to consider whethei (See RENTS, Page A-5J 30 Days' Notice On Strike Vote Filed by Lewis 'Inspired' Statements By Federal Officials Hit by UMW Leader By JAMES Y. NEWTON. John L. Lewis today gave 30 days’ notice under the Smith Connally Act that his United Mine Workers might have to take a strike vote because “inspired’* Government statements had prejudiced new contract negotia tion with bituminous mine op erators. Mr. Lewis formally notified Secre tary of Labor Perkins in two letters that a "dispute” already existed be tween the miners and bituminous coal operators and that his Policy Committee indorsed transmittal of a strike-vote notice. The mine leader admitted the action might bring about strike con ditions but declared the miners were “coerced into giving this notice” because of provisions of "that grotesque slave statute known as the Smith-Connally Act.” The act provides for a 30-day “cooling off” period before strike vote can be taken legally. UMW’s Policy Committee began sessions here today to formulate de mands for a new contract with the bituminous coal mine operators. Contract negotiations with the operators are scheduled to begin Thursday at the Shoreham Hotel. The present work contract expires March 31. Cites Inflammatory Statements. Mr. Lewis blamed "inspired (Gov ernment) press releases” and "in flammatory” statements of Federal officials as prejudicing the miners’ case in advance of negotiations and "impelling” issuance of strike notice. He wrote Secretary Perkins: "The United Mine Workers of America are on full notice from in spired press releases of the last several weeks that certain high of i ficials in the Government intend j the veiy first opportunity and irrespective of the outcome of im pending negotiations to invoke against our members, without de day or limit, the full civil and penal | provisions of that grotesque slave [Statute known as the Smith-Con ; nolly Act. "This attitude on the part of the Government, including some of those in the various departments dealing with the coal industry it ! self, has been broadcast to the ! country and dire predictions have emanated from these sources, ap ; parently to propagandize the Amer ican people into a hostile and em bittered attitude toward the mine workerrs, even prior to the com mencement of wage-scale negotia ing.”’ Mr. Lewis stated that "this in formation has been widely dissem inated among the operators and they are well aware that the Gov ernment, prior to negotiations, has i already begun to cast the onus of j any potential stoppage on the miners and not the operators. In other words, the operators have been openly invited by the Gov ernment to adopt a status quo at titude and thus render impotent and | futile any true collective bargain ing * * •" Quotes Veto Message. He quoted President Roosevelt in ! his message vetoing the Smith I Connally bill in June. 1943, to the effect that the legislation ‘'will pro duce strikes in vital war plants which otherwise would not occur." The miners, Mr. Lewis continued, "are earnestly desirous of avoiding” work stoppage. There were four major strikes during the biennial negotiations. Mr. Lewis did not identify the “inspired" Government statements, though he said the present mine situation "is being constantly in flamed by those very persons charged with the duty of assisting in the prevention of work stoppages and loss of coal production. They border on a conspiracy to prevent an agreement, bring about seizures and a general chaotic condition in the industry.” He added: “The UMWA cannot and will not silently allow such a situation to arise. We denounce it and call upon the Government and operators to cease their hostile actions and to adopt a reasonable co-operative at titude, conducive to obtaining a new contract and a continuous, un interrupted production of coal The waving of the big stick’ and pre maturely-issued Government threats toward free men is not conducive to good government or within the concepts of freedom as envisioned by the American people.” No Indication of Demands. There was no immediate indi cation ' of what new contract de mands of the miners will be or what effect the strike vote notice would have on the pending nego tiations with operators. Mr. Lewis charged that threats of Federal mine seizure "invite the operators to adopt a ‘do nothing attitude’ in negotiations, they know ing full well that they have nothing to fear by the camouflaged proce dure which has left them practically unimpaired in their operations.” Light Cruiser Fargo is Launched at Camden By the Associated Press. CAMDEN, N. J., Feb. 26. — The light cruiser Fargo awaited fitting today following its launching yes terday at the New York Shlpbuild. tag Corp. yards. Mrs. Fred O. Olsen, wife of the Fargo (N. Dak.) city commission president, sponsored the vessel—first of its name to join the fleet.