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Fair; high near 75 today, low near 53 tonight: warmer tomorrow. Temperatures today —High, 71, at 1:30 pm.: low, 49. at 7:15 a.m. Yester day—High, 71, at 3 p.m.; low, 43, at 7 a.m. Late New York Markets, Page A-1S ^ - Guide for Readers fage. Amusements ..A-16" Comics_B-12-13 Editorial_ A-8 Editorial Articles A-8 Finance.A-15 Lost and Found.A-3 Page. Obituary. A-10 Radio.,.. B-13 Society.B-3 Sports..A-12-13 Where to Go_B-6 Woman’s Page--B-8 An Associated Press Newspaper 93d YEAR. No. 36,86-3. Phone NA. 5000. WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, APRIL 9, 1945—THIRTY PAGES. ★★★ City Home Delivery. Dally and Sunday SJ /"'tTT'VrrpQ 90c a Month. When 6 Sundaya. #1.00. X O. ALLIES IN SIGHT OF BREMEN AND HANNOVER Fires Are Raging in Both Cities; Tank Forces Driving Toward Elbe Holland Trap Shut; Nazi 10-Day Toll Put at 500,000 BULLETIN. ESSEN OP).—Ninth Army forces entering Essen found the Krupp armament works perhaps the most pulverized spot in Germany. Not a wheel had turned in it since March 11, when RAF bombers gave the Krupp factory its coup de grace. (Map on Page A-3.1 Ev (he Associated Press. PARIS, April 9.—Allied troops today fought within sight of the North German cities of Bremen and Hannover against shattered German armies bled by 500,000 casualties in 10 days. Tanks crashed beyond both cities down 'the last 63 miles to the Elbe River, water barrier which flows within 50 miles of Berlin. Bremen was In flames. So were Hannover. Brunswick. Hamburg and Luebeck and dozens of lesser towns—apparently put to the torch by the Nazis themselves. All avail able bombing reports showed no at tacks during the last 24 hours on either Brunswick or Luebeck. The American 9th Army was with in 5 miles of Hannover, and was expected to enter the city of 472.527 I during the day, a front dispatch said. The British 2d Army last was reported the same distance from, the great naval base and ship-1 building center of Bremen (342.527) j and shelling the city. The British! menaced Hamburg. Germany's sec- 1 ond city, 54 miles from their van guards. Canadian forces closed within 10 miles of the Zuider Zee and the hard-pressed Germans blew the1 dykes, virtually trapping Army Group H in Holland, once estimated at 90.000 men. 9th Army Enters Essen. The 9th Army, fighting within 128 miles of Berlin, captured the Pied Piper City of Hamelin (26,000> and the old Catholic center of Hil desheim (62,000), and threatened Brunswick, from positions less than 20 miles away. Lt. Gen. William H. Simpson'sj men fought into the streets of Es sen. largest city in the Ruhr, home of the Krupp works and of Reichs marshal Hermann Goering. They also were in the second largest Ruhr city of Dortmund (537,000) and Gelsenkirchen (313.000). A great proportion of Essen’s 660,000 population were skilled steel work ers. New gains of up to 9 miles were! reported today on the 3d Army j front, with the Uth Armored Di vision making the greatest advance to the vicinity of Roth, 36 miles south of Gotha. The 6th Armored Division in a 4-mile gain entered Almenhausen, 11 miles east of | Muehlhausen and 23 miles north-1 west of Erfurt. Lt. Gen: George S. Patton's ad vances were scored in straighten ing his front, a task that was vir tually complete except for a small bulge 7 to 15 miles south of Gotha, whiah was 7 miles wide at the mouth and tapered 14 miles back to its tip. Associated Press Correspondent Thoburn Wiant with the 3d Army said resistance ranged from mod-! erat* to none among most of Gen.' Patton's front. 1.000,000 Nazis Captured. The estimate of German casual ties came from headquarters of Gen. Omar N. Bradley, whose 12th Army Group has captured a total of more than 1.000,000 Germans. German losses were estimated at 50,000 a day for the last 10 days in captured, killed and wounded. About 45.000 a day were taken pris oners. Allied losses were only a fraction as large. Gen. Patton's 3d Army leads in number of Germans captured with 418.501. Lt. Gen. Courtney H. Hodges’ 1st Army, two months older, has taken 405,703 and the 9th Army of Gen. Simpson has bagged 182,162 for a combined total of 1, 006.366. No figure has been announced for Lt. Gen. Leonard T. Gerow’s 15th Army, also a part of Gen. Bradley’s command, which includes more than a million American troops. Another American Army, the 7th, had captured almost 200, 000 German troops. It is a com ponent of Lt. Gen. Jacob L. Devers' 6th Army group. 250,000 Men Lost in Week. In the first week of April the Nazis lost 250,000 men alone, su- j preme Allied headquarters esti mated. On Saturday and Friday 82.550 surrendered. The 3d Army, first to report to day, reported 10,887 taken yesterday. Greater than the prisoners was the 3d Army capture of enormous Ger man treasure, more than $100,000, 000 in gold bullion alone. Huge amounts of currency were taken and sinfte bombs have destroyed many German engraving plants, the Wehrmacht may have difficulty meeting its payrolls. Germany's Weser River line was shattered along a 100-mile stretch. At the southern end of the front, Seven additional men from the District area have been re ported killed in this war See "On the Honor Roll," Page A-2. (See WESTERN FRONT, Pg. A-14.) I Reds Mile From Vienna's Heart, Fight Into Schoenbrunn Park Nazis' Northern Escape Route Narrowed; Other Forces Battle Into Koenigsberg F> the Associated Press. LONDON, April 9.—The flame of battle rolled over three fourths of Vienna today and the Germans said the Russians had fought into Schoenbrunn Park, site of the summer palace of the Hapsburg monarchs. and also had reached Franz Josef Railway Station in the northern part of the city. In the south the Russians were fighting within a mile of the Ring, the circular street around the heart of the city, and in the north with-; in l'i miles of the city's center.' They were reported within 8 to 12 miles of closing the escape gap on I the north side of the Danube. Schoenbrunn Park is west and southwest of three railway stations already seized by the Russians in the southern part of the city. Schoenbrunn Palace rivals Versail les in its sumptuous plan. The Germans said the Russians reached the Franz Josef Railway Station, depot controlling traffic northward out of the city, by ad vancing across the historic Kahlen berg, a mountain overlooking Vien na on the northwest, and through the famed wine-growing suburb of Grinzing. Just east of Grinzing, the Ger mans said, the Russians were at tempting to storm across to the eastern bank of the Danube at Nuzsdorf, a suburb. Moscow dis patches said it was believed the Russians already had crossed farther out. in the vicinity of cap tured Klosterneuberg. Other forces had stormed across the 325-yard-wide river east of Vienna and the two columns were (See RUSSIA, Page A-14.) " Nazi Submarine Yards At Hamburg Blasted By RAF Bombers Oil Plant Near Leipzig Also Attacked; Week End Costs Enemy 192 Planes BULLETIN. LONDON <JP).—More than 1.250 American heavy bomb ers and 750 fighters today smashed 10 German airfields, an underground oil storage depot and a powder plant, all within a 60-mile radius of Munich. By the Associated Press. LONDON, April 9.—An armada of more than 900 RAF heavy bombers blasted the Blohm-Voss submarine yards at Hamburg and the Lutzekendorf synthetic oil plant near Leipzig last night, while Mosquitos rocked Berlin with another dose of two-ton blockbusters. The raids followed up sweeping assaults on Germany yesterday by more than 1.950 planes of the United Slates 8th Air Force, which bombed 11 targets between Berlin and Nuernberg without being chal lenged by the Luftwaffe. The RAF attack on the Blohm Voss yard last night was the fifth heavy bomber raid on that objec tive within a week. The plant, which was described by the Air Ministry as probably the most im portant ship building yard in Ger many, still employs 17,000 workers and is one of the main assembly points for the new prefabricated submarines. 192 Nazi Planes Destroyed. The German Air Force suffered a severe setback during the week end as 192 of its carefully rationed planes were destroyed within a space of 24 hours. A total of 104 Nazi planes were shot out of the sky by 8th Air Force gunners Saturday. Sixty-four were credited to fighter pilots and the remainder were knocked down by bomber gunners. United States 9th Air Force pilots shot down 32 yesterday and de stroyed 38 on the ground, while fighters of the 8th Air Force got three more. The remainder of the week-end bag was accounted for by RAF fighters. Many of the destroyed German planes were the fast jet-propelled craft, but reports indicate they are being flown by inexperienced junior pilots. The 8th Air Force's losses for two days totaled 32 bombers and four fighters. Some German pilots made suicide dives, attempting to ram the Yank bombers when their guns failed. Airfields Attacked. Targets of the 8th Air Force yes terday included enemy airfields at Schastadt, Unterslaurersbach, Roth, Hof and Eger. Two ordnance plants at Bayreuth and Grafenwohr, the Derben oil depot 55 miles west of Berlin and a jet plane repair center at Furth, near Nuernberg, also were bombed. Four railyards in the same areas were hit. RAF coastal command planes at tacked a number of convoys in the Skagerrak and Kattegat over the week end. Half a dozen merchant vessels were reported sunk or set afire. From all its week end operations the RAF reported 13 aircraft miss ing. Civil Rights Suspended By Guatemala Assembly By the Associated Press. GUATEMALA, April 9.—Official statements announced today that an assembly measure had suspended for 30 days the civil rights articles of the Constitution. The measure is retroactive to April 4. Dispatches from Costa Rica de scribed the measure as establishing a virtual state of emergency. Baron Hiranuma, 76, Ranking Statesman, Heads Privy Council Togo Foreign Minister And East Asia Official In New Jap Cabinet Ej the Associated Pres. SAN FRANCISCO, April 9 — The appointments of Baron Kiichiro Hiranuma as president of the Privy Council and of Shigenori Togo as Foreign Min ister and Minister of East Asia Affairs were announced by the Tokyo radio today. Botn appointments were part of the campaign of the new Premier, 77-year-old Admiral Kantaro Suzuki, to strengthen his administration in the face of what the Japanese themselves call a “momentous crisis." Hiranuma, 76, and one of the em pire's ranking elder statesmen, as sumes the post vacated Friday by: Suzuki when the latter was chosen to form the new government in sue- i cession to the fallen cabinet of Gen Kuniaki Koiso. He held the same post from 1936 to 1939 and was Pre mier for a few months in 1939. Served at Time of Pearl Harbor. I Togo was Foreign Minister at the time of Pearl Harbor. Before that ; he had ben Ambassador to Germany and to Russia. Tokyo's broadcast announcements of the Hiranuma and Togo appoint ments were recorded by the Asso ciated Press. Earlier broadcasts on the political situation were recorded by the Federal Communications Commission. Suzuki, once wounded by swords I of Japan's military clique for his moderate position, took an aggres-; sive stand and announced he was “ready to die leading the nation in | carrying on the war and crushing j the enemy.” The Tokyo radio said Suzuki's cabinet was more powerful than | that of Koiso. which "was not a peace cabinet.” Suzuki declared Japan was "co ] erced to strike at America at Pearl Harbor.” He also said Japan won a spiritual victory on Iwo Jima. "For instance,” he was quoted in predicting ultimate victory, "we lost Iwo Jima, but I still believe we won the battle of Iwo Jima when I think 1 of the spiritual blow we dealt the i enemy on that island.” Air Command Named. Meanwhile, a Japanese Domei j dispatch reported that an over-all j army air command for the Japanese home islands had been named, with Gen. Masakazu (Shozo) Kawabe in command. Kawabe formerly was commander of Japan’s Central Army. Also named were two general army commands in the homeland, to be headed by Field Marshal Gen. Sugi yama, war minister in Koiso’s cabi net, and Field Marshal Shunroku Hata. America's propaganda program drew attention from Police Chief Shinjiro Hara, who banned any listening to "Voice of America” broadcasts, and promised punish ment for persons who do not turn in American leaflets dropped by raiding planes. The Tokyo radio declared Amer- 1 ica was circulating rumors of peace! feelers offered by Japan, but de-i dared this "always is done during cabinet changes.” Suzuki appointed Naoto Kohi yama, president of the South Man churian Railway, as minister of transportation and communication. Amman, Hitler Aide, Is Reported Suicide By the Associated Press. LONDON, April 9.—The Moscow radio said today that Max Amman, veteran Nazi party executive and close friend and adviser of Adolf Hitler, had committed suicide in Munich, “leaving a letter stating that he was despondent because of the imminent collapse of Nazi Ger many.” Amman was the first business manager of the Nazi party and at tained great wealth as publisher of party newspapers and books. He was known as one of Hitler’s closest associates and most trusted adviser on money matters. Japs Recapture Okinawa Hill in Bayonet Charge Counterattack First Made by Foe; Heavy Artillery Dueling Py the Associated Press. GUAM, April 9. — Japanese, charging with fixed bayonets in their first counterattack of the Okinawan campaign, drove American troops off a dominating hill as tank-supported Yank in fantrymen hammered at strongly defended caves and pillboxes be neath a developing artillery battle. Japanese poured out of caves and crags on Southern Okinawa when Japanese tanks, artillery and mor tars began blasting at five American tanks lumbering through a field studded with 500-pound bombs w’hich had been converted into land mines. The Japanese showered the tanks with Molotov cocktails and then charged Red Hill. Three American tanks were lost. The 3d Battalion of the 184th Regi ment. withdrew from the hill. Am ericans reformed last night, expect ing strong opposition in their at tempt to retake the hill. Round-the-Clock Duel. Japanese were strongly dug into crags, hills, ravines and caves on Southern Okinawa. 325 miles from Japan. Behind them was the larg est concentration of artillery en countered in the Pacific campaign, with heavier guns than they’ve used heretofore. These batteries kept up a swelling, round-the-clock duel with superior United States artillery. Lightly opposed Marines were swarming through Northern Oki nawa, cutting off Motobu Peninsula with its former enemy submarine and torpedo base at Unten. Ground resistance was about all Japan had to offer in the way of a defense. Its mighty 45.000-ton super battleship Yamato and five lesser warships were sunk Saturday in a suicidal attempt to come to the in fantry's rescue. In all. 590 enemy warplanes were destroyed or dam aged in thrusts at the Pacific Fleet, at the Okinawa invasion force or at Mustang - escorted B-29s which raided Tokyo and Nagoya. Immediately north of Okinawa's capital city of Naha, on a line stretching almost directly east across the island, the Japanese began their defense from well-prepared, heavily fortified positions. Maj. Gen. John R. Hodge's 24th Army Corps troops which had been expecting the Japanese to stiffen daily since the Easter Sunday in vasion, were held to gains of only 200 to 400 yards as the enemy opened up Saturday with heavy artillery and continued firing day and night. In savage fighting the infantry men gained 400 yards yesterday in their push tow'ard the Yonabaru airfield, on the east coast in the center of Nakagasuku Bay. They were within about a mile of Yona baru. On the west coast, other infantry men captured two villages Saturday, then were held to a 200-yard ad vance Sunday. These troops were about 2 miles north of Machinato airfield and about 4 miles from Naha. The Japanese stand on the Naha Yonabaru line clearly shows that the bulk of Okinawa's garrison, es timated at more than 60,000 troops, had been withdrawn into the south ern section of the island before the 24th Corps and Marine 3d Amphib ious Corps went ashore. There are about 85 square miles of rough ter rain south of the Naha-Yonabaru line and the enemy is expected to convert all of this into a battle ground. Terrain ravors Defense. Doughboys pushing through the heavy artillery fire still had to fight their way over the rough terrain well suited for defense and against enemy troops protected by strategi cally placed blockhouses and pill boxes. Tanks, flame throwers and bazookas were thrown into the bat tle. The terrain is hilly and cave pocked and Japanese have defended it with many land mines. (The Tokyo radio asserted to day that since the American in " (See Okinawa! Page a-h.j " 5th Army Troops Gain On Italian West Coast f) (he Asjociatfd Prefs. ROME. April 9.— Fifth Army troops battling their way up the Italian west coast are closing in on Massa against scattered enemy re sistance after capturing 3,000-foot Mt. Belvedere 2 miles south of the town. Allied headquarters an nounced today. Crack Japanese-American infan try troops were spearheading the advance. Elements of the 442d regiment, composed of American-born Japan ese, beat off German counterattacks northeast of Mt. Belvedere and cleared out enemy pockets south of Mt. Folgorito and east of the main highway leading to La Spezia. Meanwhile, tank-supported troops of the 92d Negro Division stabbed forward to the village of Porta and captured Montignoso, at*>ut 2 miles southeast of Massa, as well as Strinato to the north of Strettoia. / 1 OO ^ — fC' News of a Gen. Paffon Exploit Reaches the Treasury --«__* Supreme Court Bars Waiver of Indemnity On Unpaid Overtime 6-to-3 Decision Holds Workers Can't Yield Right to Damages Bv J. A. FOX. Workmen cannot waive their right to double indemnities for unpaid overtime under the Wage and Hour Act, the Supreme Court said today in a 6-to-3 de cision read by Justice Reed. "No one can doubt but that to al low waivers of statutory wages by agreement would nullify the pur poses of the act." the court said. "We are of the opinion that the same policy considerations which forbid waiver of basic minimum and overtime wages under the act also prohibits waivers of the employe’s right to liquidated damages." Chief Justice Stone and Justices Roberts and Frankfurter dissented. The court's opinion covered three cases. In one. the Brooklyn Savings Bank was defendant in a suit by William J. O'Neil, a night watch man. In another, the Dize Box Co of Crisfield, Md.. was defending an action by Lake Maddrix. an employe, and in the third case the Arsenal Building Co. of New York was sued by an employe, Meyer Greenberg, and other building service employes. Basis of Liquidation. The litigation was based on a pro vision of the law which provides that an employer failing to pay the minimum wage or overtime is liable for that payment and an ad ditional amount as liquidated dam ages. In the O'Neil case, the employe had effected the settlement with the Brooklyn bank and had given his employer a release for unpaid overtime. He then, however, filed suit for damages and was upheld by the New York Court of Ap peals. The bank appealed the case, contending that the compromise settlement should have been allowed and that the employe was entitled to release liquidated damages if he so desired. In the Dize case the box company also claimed to have obtained a release. In upholding the right of the em ploye to sue and in holding that the damages could not be waived. Jus tice Reed said: “We have previously held that the liquidated damage provision is not penal in its nature but constitutes compensation for the retention of a workman's pay which might result in damages too obscure and difficult of proof for estimate other than by liquidated damages. Employes’ Resources. "Employes receiving less than the statutory minimum are not likely to have sufficient resources to maintain (See SUPREME COURT. Pg. A-14.) Hurley Leaves London LONDON, April 9 (iP).—Maj. Gen. Patrick J. Hurley. United States Ambassador to China, left London today en route to Chungking. He was recalled February 19 to confer with President Roosevelt in Wash ington. Al Blozis Met Death in Action In Vosges By the Associated Press. NORTH BERGEN. N. J . April 9 — Second Lt. Al Blozis. 26. former Georgetown athlete, who was na tional AAU ftidoor and outdoor shot put champion and an all-league tackle in the National Professional Football League, was killed in ac tion in the Vosges Mountains in France on January 29. the War De partment notified his family yester day. He previously was reported missing in action. Blozis was national shotput cham pion in 1941 and 1942, He played football with the New York Giants in 1942 and 1943 Mine Seizure Ruling Hinges on Success ol Back-fo-Work Move Federal Action Due Today Unless 'Captive Pits' Resume Full Production BULLETIN. Chairman Ezra Van Horn of the Soft Coal Wage Negotiat ing Conference reported this afternoon that “tentative un derstanding” has been reached on all but one of the issues splitting the operators and UMW President John L. Lewis. The tentative understanding, reached after a lengthy ses sion, will be submitted to the UMW Policy Committee, which has been summoned by Mr. Lewis for an emergency meet ing later today. Mr. Van Horn would not say which of the UMW’s original 18 demands still was in question. By JAMES Y. NEWTON. Federal officials awaited re ports of operations in the soft coal fields today before making a decision on seizure of struck mines as hope was dimmed for early settlement of contract differences between operators and the United Mine Workers. Unless there is considerable im provement in the work situation, ' particularly in the "captive” mines that feed the big steel mills of the Pittsburgh area, it was likely the Government would take over the mines. “We are losing 100.000 tons of steel ; production a week as a result of the ; 'wildcat’ coal strikes,” a production official said. "We are short of steel anyway and just cannot afford to al low this condition to continue." Back-to-Work Movement. Meanwhile, Associated Press re ports from the mine regions today indicated a strong back-to-work movement. At Pittsburgh the Solid Fuels Ad ministration said many miners who j remained away from their jobs over ! the week had returned. In contrast to the situation Saturday when 93 I (SeTCQAL, Page A^14 ) Andrews Field to Be Expanded Under $10,020,100 Program A $10,020,100 construction and expansion program has been au thorized for Andrews Field, Camp Springs, Md., 11 miles southeast of Washington, al ready one of the largest airbases in the East, the War Department announced today. One of the principal items on the program is the authorization for a new north-south runway. An drews Field, which was rededicated March 31. is large enough for B-29 Super Fortresses to take off. It is a base of the 1st Air Force. The new work at Andrews Field, which is a 4,500-acre reservation, will be supervised by the District United States Engineer Office. An elaboration of details con tained in the brief announcement is impossible at this time. In addi tion to the new north-south run way, the program calls for new taxi ways, a new parking apron and ex tension of existing runways. Other items include an adminis tration building, bachelor officers’ quarters, an undisclosed number of houses for officers and expansive ad ditional utilities, consisting of roads, sidewalks, auto parking areas, elec trical distribution system, water and sewer mains. The $10,000,000 program indicates a general expansion in the use of the big airbase at Camp Springs. A B-29 Super Fortress took off from it for the Pacific, March 31, when the field was renamed in honor of the late Lt. Gen. Frank M. An drews, former commander of Unit ed States forces in the European theater. United Nations Jurists Meet Here to Study World Court Plans Experts to Recommend Program for Security , Parley at San Francisco BULLETIN. Senator Vandenberg, Re publican. of Michigan pledged in the Senate today “every effort ip my power” to bring back from the San Francisco Conference ‘‘a treaty of sal vation” the Senate can ac cept "in enlightened self interest.” Secretary of State Stettinius today told legal experts of 38 United Nations, meeting here to draft plans for a new interna tional court, that the w'orld’s peace-loving peoples look to them to “give voice to their high resolve that differences between nations” should be settled peace fully “on a basis of justice.” The Committee of Jurists is ex pected to recommend that the full United Nations Conference conven ing in San Francisco April 25 mod ify the statute of the present Per manent Court of International Jus tice. formed after the last war. to fit it into the projected new world security organization rather than adopt a completely new court statute. American delegates to the San Francisco parley arranged to attend the opening of the jurists' meeting in tne Departmental Auditorium be fore beginning a week of daily ses sions of their own to seek agree ment on policy issues. Publicity Favored. Continuous publicity on the pre liminary activities of the American delegation was favored by Senator Vandenberg. Republican, of Michi gan. one of the delegates, and some other members of Congress. While there were indications that the State Department planned no public announcement of delegation decisions until they are made known at San Francisco, Senator Vanden berg was said authoritatively to be urging that the group tell the world at once if it should reach a decision on any revision of principles out lined in the Dumbarton Oaks pro posals for the world security organi zation. Chairman Connally of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, also a member of the American delega tion to San Francisco, pointed out, however, that the delegation may at tempt to reach only tentative agree ments for possible revision in the light of developments at the con ference April 25. While the delegation policy meet ings beginning this afternoon Were to be held in private, the opening session of the Committee of Jurists was open to the public. Later busi ness meetings will be closed. uive ana lane urgea. In a response to Mr. Stettinius' address of welcome to the jurists, Sir Michael Myers, chief justice and acting Governor General of New Zealand, said there “must be a cer tain amount of readiness to give and take” in settling whatever differ ences of opinion might arise in prep aration of the proposed world court statute. No nation can reasonaolv expect to have its own way in every thing,” he declared. Dr. Wang Chung-hui, Chinese representative and a former judge of the present World Court at the Hague, pointed out that in working out plans for a world court to fit into the proposed new security or ganization “we are not treading on new ground,” but seeking to “im prove upon a system that has been in existence for almost a quarter of a century.” The jurists planned to attend the Supreme Court session today and later were to be luncheon guests of Chief Justice Stone. Diplomats expected little contro versy during the meeting. The most important issues appeared to be whether the revamped World Court should have means to enforce its decisions and whether all countries (See SECURITY, Page A-14.) U. S. Recognizes Farrell Regime In Argentina All Americas Join In Action; Stettinius Silent on Parley Bid The United States resumed “normal diplomatic relations” with Argentina at noon today. The action was announced by Secretary of State Stettinius, who said it was taken in conjunction with the 19 other American repub lics represented at the recent Inter American Conference at Mexico City. It follows a declaration of war by Argentina against Axis coun tries and her adherence to the reso lutions adopted by the Mexico City Conference March 27 and other steps called for by the conference. Silent on Parley Bid. Mr. Stettinius declined to discuss whether Argentina would be in vited or would ask for United Na tions membership, whether that subject had been discussed with Soviet Russia which has been high ly critical of this Argentine gov ernment or whether eventually Argentina would participate in the San Francisco Conference on an international organization. Observers foresee the possibility of elections being held in Argentina this fall which would permit re emergence of democratic elements which have been kept down by the militaristic regime of President Edelmiro Farrell. This Government previously has described the Farrell government as Fascist and is anxious to see demo cratic processes develop there, but at Mexico City the United States joined with the other Americas in reaffirming a policy of noninterven tion in the internal affairs of any other country. Character of Regime Not Examined. The inter-American consultations leading to the unanimous decision for resumption of normal diplomatic relations with Buenos Aires, it was said, were limited to discussions of the acts of the Farrell government in respect to the world situation and did not go into the character of the government. The re-establishment of diplo matic relations was made by Ed ward L. Reed, charge d'affaires of the Embassy in Buenos Aires. He called on Acting Foreign Minister Cesar Ameghino and left a note acknowledging receipt of an Argen tine note of March 14. 1944. which had informed Secretary of State Hull that Gen. Pedro Ramirez had resigned as Argentine President and that Farrell had resumed the presidency. Failure to acknowledge that note had been the mechanism by which the Farrell government had not been recognized for almost 13 months. During that interim the nonrecognition policy had been generally supported by Western Hemisphere countries, the exact support varying from time to time as political conditions in Latin America changed. Four countries never had publicly and formally broken relations although at vari ous times their Ambassadors were absent from Buenos Aires. Will Send Ambassador. The United States intends to send its own ambassador there as soon as possible, officials said, with the first move likely to be nomina . tion of a man for that position by President Roosevelt. Other American countries also were scheduled to recognize the Ar gentine government today. Among those which already have announced the step were Chile. Paraguay, Bolivia. Ecuador. Venezuela. Uru guay. Brazil, Colombia and Peru. Great Britain also announced its recognition of the Farrell govern ment today. The United States is planning im mediately to lift its special economic restrictions imposed last July. One of the first steps will be resumption of shipping service on a wartime basis between American ports and Buenos Aires. 3 Generals, Colonel Named for Promotion President Roosevelt today nomi nated four high-ranking officers of the Army and the Marine Corps for promotion. The Army advancement went to Brig. Gen. Benjamin Wiley Chid law, who was nominated to be a major general. | Brig. Gens. Claude A. Larkin and William P. T. Hill of th£ Marine Corps also were nominate to be major generals and Col. Ivan W. j Miller of the Marines was named to | be a brigadier general. Gen. Chidlaw's wife lives at 4000 Cathedral avenue. He was born at Cleves, Ohio, and is a West Point graduate. He was chief of the materiel division on the stall of Gen. H. H. Arnold, AAF chief, until a year ago, and was a jet-propulsion pioneer. Last September he was as signed to command the 22d Tac tical Air Force in the Mediterranean theater. Gen. Hill, 50 years old, is quar termaster general of the Marine Corps and lives at the Marine Bar racks here. His mother, Mrs. Davis Hill, lives at Vinita, Okla. Gen. Larkin, 53, was bom at Garfield, Wash., and his wife lives at Port land, Oreg. Gen. Miller, 46, is the son of C. W. Miller of Versailles, Ohio, and his wife lives at Coronado, Calif.