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; Truman Goes Home
And Bars Visitors After Taking Oath President Truman, if he slept last hight under the tremendous bur dens he was suddenly called on to rffeume, awakened today in a five room, $120-a-month apartment with one bath which has been the Tru man home in Washington. It is at 4701 Connecticut avenue. Home was the first thing Mr Truman thought of after he took the oath of office last night. He shook hands with the members of the cabinet and his face did not carry '■ its usually pleasant smile; it was grim. He said he thought he would go home. At home he denied himself to all visitors and also refused to take any telephone calls—with one exception. That exception was the call which he had placed for his mother. Mrs. Martha Truman, who lives at Grandview, Mo. That call was com pleted and the President spoke to - her. . It was the final act of a feverish evening. Early Calls Truman’s Office. When word of the President's death came Mr. Truman was on his way from his office at the far end of the Senate Office Building to the office of House Speaker Sam Ray bum across the Capitol. Presidential Secretary Stephen Early called Mr. Truman's office The call was switched to Speaker Rayburn's office, and Mr. Early told the Vice President: •'Harry, you'd better get to the White House just as quickly as you can." At the White House Mr. Truman went to Mrs. Roosevelt's sitting room on the second floor, next to the President’s bedroom. "The President has just passed away,” Mrs. Roosevelt told him. Truman Asks to Help. "What can I do?” Mr. Truman asked. Mrs. Roosevelt's reply revealed her realization of the burdens that lay before the then Vice President. "Tell us what we can do; is there any wTay we can help you?” she asked. In the office wing of the White House the hastily summoned cabinet was assembling. The machinery to assure the Na tion would not be without a Presi dent was moving inexorably. It brought the Vice President to the cabinet room and Chief Justice Har lan F. Stone. In front of the marble mantlepiece Mr. Truman faced the group of Government leaders. He wore, as usual, a gray suit, a polkadot tie. A blue and white handkerchief w>as in his breast pocket. He was erect and grave. Mrs. Truman and their daughter. Margaret, had been summoned. Mrs. Truman dabbed frequently at her eyes with a handkerchief. Mr. Tru man patted the hand of his daugh ter several times, reassuringly. A Bible was brought from Presi dent Roosevelt’s office, one bound in black, with red-edged leaves. Mr. Truman held it in his left hand and raised his right hand as the Chief Justice repeated the oath from mem ory. Mr. Truman read it from a slip of papier. The Nation's 32d President' has taken office. me iruiimus wciit tu me quarters of the White House for a 20-minute stay. Then they left quietly by the rear entrance. Surrounded by Secret Service. As Vice President, Mr. Truman didn't like even one Secret Service man about. Now he was surrounded by them as was the Connecticut ave nue apartment house. That the apartment was now the home of the President of the United States appeared to make little difference in the neighborhood last night. Most of those passing along the sidewalk did not even turn their heads as they passed. There was a group of reporters and photographers in the lobby. It is not a large lobby. A stone fire place, flanked by couches, is oppo site the entrance. In an alcove there is the switchboard and the mail boxes. Box No. 209 has an engraved card which says: "Mr. and Mrs. Harry S. Truman.” Written below in ink is "Margaret Truman.” The switchboard operator said the apartment house was some what upset by the events of the evening. She was regretful that the Trumans would be leaving. “Such lovely people,” she said. A man came in and made tenta tive queries about renting the Tru man apartment. He was given a polite but indefinite answer. Other residents of the apartment house, leaving or coming in, some with dogs on leashes, looked sur prised at the reporters in the lobby and the Secret Service men who passed in and out. A message came down from apartment 209 that Mr. Truman would see no one, that he was tired. The knot of reporters melted away, j A resident who might not have heard the news could have gone to his own apartment without realiz ing that the President of the United States was under the same roof. Outside a special police detail j had joined the Secret Service de- j tail, but the guards were incon spicuous. Spain's Break With Japan Fails to Change U. S. Policy By the Associnted Pres«. , * Secretary of State Stettinius said yesterday that Spain’s break in re lations with Japan will have no ef fect on United States relations with the Franco government. Spain severed relations with Ja pan, protesting Japanese atrocities, against Spanish citizens in Manila. The United States now has diplo-: matlc relations with Spain and is represented in Madrid by Ambas sador Norman Armour. However, Washington has been critical of j Spain’s role during the European wr^r and the Stettinius statement Sparently was intended to empha e that this attitude is unchanged by Spain’s action toward Japan. Bomber Explodes in Air, flailing Nine of Crew H the AtwcitUd Press. SHREVEPORT, La., April 13—A tpur-engined bomber exploded yes terday near Deberry, Tex., 30 miles southwest of here, killing nine jMrksdale Field flyers. ,V Itae wreckage fell in a farm v9k*ture at the edge of a small creek. Witnesses at Latex, Tex., said the bomber passed over flying low and a few minutes later they heard the ex plosion and saw parts of the plane falling. i THE TRUMAN FAMILY—Mr. and Mrs. Truman and their daughter. Miss Margaret Truman, are shown here arriving at the White House for Mr. Truman’s inauguration as Vice President last January 20. —Star Staff Photo. Presidency Is Third Of Important Jobs Thrust on Truman By the Associated Press. INDEPENDENCE, Mo., April 13. ! —The long corn row down which he wearily plodded a half century ago ; behind a pair of Missouri mules— ' just a plain, poor country boy whose ' ambition had not yet soared beyond the evening sunset—led Harry S. Truman straight on to the White House and the .mantle of leadership at a turning point in world history. President Truman today is Presi dent of the United States, the third of three increasingly important jobs he didn't want and which he was content to let another have if he could take a lesser job more to his liking. Twelve years ago not a dozen in fluential persons in Washington and almost nobody in other world capi tals knew even of the existence of the man who today occupies the White House and is commander in chief of American Armies around the world driving relentlessly on to a victory that poses staggering world leadership responsibilities for the Nation. Aspired to Collector Job. Mr. Truman then was an obscure county judge (county commissioner) in Jackson County. Mo., a job he had held off and on for 10 years and he aspired to higher things—say the county collector. He went to Boss Tom Pendergast, his political mentor, early in 1934 seeking Pen dergast's machine support for can didacy for the collectorship. “No, I an’t going to support you,” Pendergast told the surprised and disappointed Truman, who rose to go and couldn’t believe his ears when Pendergast continued: “You’re going to run for the United States Senate.” Ten years in the Senate found Mr. Truman in 1944 busy and con tented with that job and wanting no other. As vice presidential candidate and then as Vice President, Mr. Truman refused to dream or to talk about the possibility he would be come President, although the whole Nation talked during the campaign of President Roosevelt's fading health and the strong probability his running mate would step up to the White House. urst Missourian in w nue tiouse. Mr. Truman is on record at no time as ever indicating he thought he would occupy the White House, nor has he ever indicated he thought seriously that such would' come. Today Mr. Truman steps up to his first day in a historical role and Missouri sees its first native son in the presidency, a man who was so poor and obscure in his childhood; that he is unremembered in his birthplace. Actually, he got away from the farm only a decade ago when he checked into Washington as a fresh man Senator. He never got to col lege because of lack of funds, and he pulled his way upward the hard way and through unbelievable political luck such as has come to few men in all history. When Mr. Truman went back to his birthplace. Lemar, Mo., 120 miles south of Kansas City, to receive his notification last August, he found no one in the litte town of 2,500 who remembered him as a child because he moved away when he was 4. The little story and-a-half white house in which he was born still stands, but the mule barn his father ran in the 80s is gone. His mother was 32 years old when he was born on May 8, 1884, and she lived to see him enter the White House, cele brating that event quietly at nearby Grandview at the age of 92. Grew Up on Farm. Mr. Truman grew up on a farm in Jackson County and graduated from high school in 1901. In 1915 he was helping his father run the farm when the elder Tru man died, and he was still there in 1916 when Battery B, his National Guard company, was mobilized for war, eventually going overseas where Capt. Truman was in command when Armistice Day dawned over the Argonne front. This battery fired a barrage that ended 15 min utes before the guns of war were stilled. He directed the fire. Mr. Truman came home on the Zelphin, a German ship that rolled so badly he lost 15 pounds in the 10-day crossing. Mr. fTruman owes his rise in poli tics to two men to whom he is lm Truman's Initial 'S' Doesn't Stand for Anything But 'S' By the Associated Press. President Truman’s middle initial, “S”, is just an initial— it has no name significance. It represents a compromise by his parents. One of his grandfathers had the first name Solomon, the~^ other Shippe. Not wanting to play favorites between the two, the Presi dent's parents decided on the “S". < MRS. MARTHA TRUMAN, The new President's mother. mensely loyal though both are dead now. One was a corrupt city boss, the other the President of the United States, the man Mr. Truman succeeds. Their names were Pen dergast and Roosevelt. Modest and Loyal. President Roosevelt turned his back on Henry Wallace at Chicago in 1944 and Mr. Truman saw' the lightning strike because he was the mo6t acceptable compromise candi date to the warring factions of the discordant New Deal. Truman is modest, loyal, hard working, poor and frugal. He still takes a great interest in his old World War buddies, and is given to intense and lasting friendships—the older -the better. Last October he opened his vice presidential campaign in an obscure little country fair at Caruthersville, Mo., where there wasn’t another vote to be had because the county is overwhelmingly Democratic. But for 10 years he had annually ad dressed the fair and saw no reason to pass it by because he was in the national limelight. Very likely he'll make his pilgrimages back there in the future if the fair is held. Mr. Truman does things that way. International <Continued Prom First Page 1 lowing Mr. Roosevelt s sudden death that he would continue the broad war and peace policies laid down by the late President. In carrying them out despite his lack of experience in the many matters which Mr. Roosevelt had at his fingertips. Mr. Truman’s initial strength probably will lie in his close relations with the Senate which holds the key to the extent of American participation in the projected world organization to keep the peace after the war. One of Mr. Truman's first acts as President last night was to author ize Mr. Stettinius to announce that the United Nations Conference planned for San Francisco April 25 to write the charter of the new world security system will meet as scheduled. May Seek Hull s Counsel. The young Secretary of State is expected to turn more than ever for advice to former Secretary Hull, from whom he took over the top cabinet post last fall when Mr. Hull resigned because of ill health. Mr. Hull has been recuperating for months in the Bethesda Naval Hospital, and recently has been re ported much improved. He was named by Mr. Roosevelt as a senior adviser to the San Francisco United Nations Conference. There has been no announcement of whether he will be able to attend, but it was learned that a hotel suite has been reserved for him next to that of Mr. Stettinius in San Francisco. Aside from the late President’s personal relationships with leaders of other great powers, one of the intangible but highly important fac tors in American foreign policy dur ing recent years is that Mr. Roose velt’s name has been a symbol of confidence and hope to liberty-lov ing peoples throughout the world. Mr. HUH shares this esteem perhaps more than any other American. Thus, his presence at San Francisco and continued activity as an "elder statesman” adviser in administra tion councils on foreign affairs would serve as a reassurance to the rest of the world—to which Presi dent Truman Is virtually unknown. Plans for the San Francisco parley had been made by Mr. Roosevelt in his last meeting with Prime Minister Churchill and Premier Stalin in the Crimea two months ago. Among the issues growing out of that Big Three meeting and still clamoring for solution is the crea tion of a new Polish "national unity” government which could represent Poland at San Francisco. It was agreed at the Crimea Con ference that the Communist-dom inated Polish provisional govern ment now functioning in Warsaw would be reorganized on a broader democratic basis. Anglo-Amerlcan Russlan consultations in Moscow to carry out this agreement have bogged down in misunderstandings. Hopes for an early settlement had depended on further personal mes sages between Mr. Roosevelt and Mr. Churchill and Mr. Stalin. Occupation a Problem. Problems made urgent by the speed with which victory is ap proaching ij^ Europe—members of the Senate were told by high Army officers yesterday that it may come jin a few days—include those in volved in putting into effect the i complex Allied control machinery for Germany and feeding and cloth ing liberated Europe. Big Three controversies over Romania and other ex-satellite states inevitably will be sharpened by removal of the (common need to defeat Hitler. , Equally urgent problems in the strictly military field involve how to shift American military power from Europe to the Pacific while maintaining morale among war weary troops; how to continue the high degree of Allied armed co operation in the Pacific, and ar rangements for the occupation of Japan. Mr. Roosevelt often handled the ! final settlement of such problems in | a personal telephone call to Mr. i Churchill or a message to Premier ■Stalin that did not even go through ! State Department channels. He was a great believer in the personal touch among government chiefs. Stettinius’ Role Was Important. The late President took a large staff of advisers, including Mr. Stet tinius, to the Crimea Conference, but still had at least two sessions with the British and Soviet leaders at which no others were present ex cept interpreters. Only Mr. Roose velt was in position to know clearly and fully all the informal under standings which lay behind some of the decisions taken at that con ference. Lacking Mr. Roosevelt’s intimate knowledge and close relationship with the other Big Three leaders, President Truman will be forced to rely heavily on his cabinet and other advisers. Perhaps more than any other cabinet officer, Mr. Stet tinius, whose handling of foreign ! affairs has been based on Mr. Roose I velt’s leadership, is projected by this situation into a new and highly re sponsible role. Truman (Continued Prom First Page 1 he strode to his automobile and sped away. At 10:53 Secretary of War Stim son and Gen. George C. Marshall, Chief of Staff, arrived with Lt. Gen. Barney M. Giles of the Army Air Forces. They were followed closely by Admiral Ernest J. King and a moment later by Secretary of the Navy Forrestal. All of the military group were solemn and silent. President Truman conferred for 48 minutes with the military group. On leaving the conference. Gen. Marshall referred all inquiries to the President himself, asserting, “I'm not free to say anything.'’ Secretaries Stimson and Forrestal were solemn-faced as they left and refused to talk with reporters. Mr. Truman had called the mili tary officials in to bring himself up to date as completely as possible on the war fronts in every theater. Immediately after the military conference, Mr. Truman left the White House for the Capitol. Cabinet Asked to Stay. Today's grave conferences dealt with a question mark raised throughout the world by the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt—intimate of Allied war leaders—and the in tricacies of international relations. Adding to the significance of the conferences was the fact that high Army officials yesterday told a group of Senate Military Affairs Commit tee members that the end of organ ized fighting in Germany probably' would come within a few days. The officials were reported to have expressed the opinion that a col lapse of Nazi arms is imminent. The new President announced at the outset that he would try to carry on the Roosevelt policies. He asked the cabinet to stay on, gave assurance that the United Nations Conference will open in San Fran cisco April 25 on schedule. • reaesirians waicn mm. Mr. Truman’s first conferences apparently gave immediate direction to his statement after taking the oath last night that one of his prime tasks would be to prosecute the war vigorously on all fronts. Mr. Truman arrived at the White House at 9 a.m. to begin his first full day as the Nation's Chief Ex ecutive. Solemn groups which had gath ered near his residence and in the vicinity of the Executive Mansion watched him as he made the trip from his apartment at 4701 Con necticut avenue N.W. There were no cheers, only waves of greeting. Mr. Truman was accompanied by Lt. Col. A. E. Holland of the Office of Inter-American Affairs, an old friend, and Ernest B. Vaccaro, a member of the Associated Press Sen ate staff who covered Mr. Truman’s transcontinental campaign trip for vice presidency. The President left his apartment house by a rear door, but even there, a few people had gathered to see him. Will See Press Monday. He spent most of the 15-minute trip to the White House chatting over the overwhelming problems that he faces. Tift White House announced tftat the new President would not offi cially see the press until Monday. The new President wore a gray suit with his favorite gray hat, a Chiang Is 'Stunned,' Expresses Grief of Chinese People By the Aasoclated Pres*. CHUNGKING, April 13.—Gen eralissimo Chiang Kai-shek declared today that the profound sorrow felt by the Chinese people at the death of President Roosevelt "is intensi fied by the deep sense of gratitude they bear him.” Generalissimo Chlang “visibly stunned” when informed of the death of the President, an aide said. Generalissimo Chiang, always an early riser, had started his day’s work and was having breakfast when he received the news. He left his food untasted and rel§psed into sorrowful meditation, the aide dis closed. In a message to Mrs. Roosevelt, Generalissimo Chlang said: "I am extremely grieved to learn of the tragic death of President Roosevelt. This indeed is a great loss to the civilized world. President Roosevelt’s achievements will be re membered not only by your own people but will also live in the mem ory of the Chinese nation. “His name and his ideals will be a beacon of light to humanity for cen turies to come. “Just as there are no words ade quate to praise his contributions to the world, so we find ourselves de void of expression in mourning his 108S. “The profound sorrow of the Chi nese people is intensified by the deep sense of gratitude they bear for him. “President Roosevelt has firmly laid a foundation for a lasting peace as well as for the ultimate victory of the Allied forces. I am confident his unfinished tasks will be faith fully carried on and soon completed by his successor and the great peo ple of America with the support of the Allied nations. May I pray that you find consolation in this faith of mine? “I am asking my wife to convey to you our condolences in person.” 7th Army Makes Jew New Mayor of Hassel By ihe Associated Press. WITH UNITED STATES 7th ARMY. April 13.—'The new Mayor of Ha.ssel is Adolf Lamberts, 59. survivor of 40 days in a concentra tion camp and one of the few Jews encountered as the 7th Army plunges deeper into Germany. Capt. Samuel Haber, 4300 Russell avenue, Mount Rainier, Md., repre senting the Allied military govern ment, said Lamberts was a world traveled engineer and was widely respected in the community. He added the old Mayor, in office since 1933, was thoroughly Nazi. blue bow tie and a matching blue handkerchief. Still stunned at the sudden death of Mr. Roosevelt, he talked solemn ly of the responsibilities ahead of him. He emphasized that stepping into the post of the man he regarded as one of the greatest Americans of all times was a matter to inspire any one in any work. Mr. Fulton, New York attorney and a personal friend, chatted brief ly with Mr. Truman at his apart ment before the President left for the White House. Spent Restful Night. Later Mr. Fulton told a reporter that the new President had spent a restful night despite the worries thrust upon him. Mrs. Truman showed more outward effects of the strain than the President himself. Mr. Fulton, who has been men tioned prominently as a likely choice for Attorney General if cabi net changes are made eventually, refused to comment on any prospec tive appointment. He was chief counsel for the Senate War In vestigating Committee when Mr Truman was chairman. The attorney said President Tru man had asked him to come in and confer with him. He said he knew of nothing important pending on which his advice might be sought, but was glad to offer any help he could. Sworn in at 7:09 o’clock laat night by Chief Justice Stone, President Truman moved swiftly to shoulder the burdens of office. Where his hand will direct Ameri can destinies none could truthfully tell today. The master governmental craftsman is gone. The relatively untried executive carries on. r igniing men neassurea. To the fighting men there was re assurance in the Truman statement: "The world may be sure that we will prosecute the war on both fronts, east and west, with all the vigor we possess, to a successful conclusion.” To the Allied and neutral world there also was hope in a declaration by Stephen Early, White House sec retary, that Mr. Truman "wants to say that it will be his effort to carry on as he believes the President would have done and to that end he has asked the cabinet to stay on with him.” Secretary of Interior Ickes said the request for cabinet members to remain in their posts was made in formally, that no one answered. United Nations leaders took heart, too, at Mr. Trumqn’s decision that the San Francisco Conference go on without delay. Many Questions Unanswered. These things were fairly tangible, but there remained a thousand questions to be answered only by time. Some of these: Will Mr. Truman continue indefi nitely without alteration Mr. Roose velt’s foreign policies? The new President’s intimates think there will be slight, if any, changes in overall policy. Can he acquire the background to meet soon such pressing issues as raised in connection with the pro jected new coalition government for Poland? Will he, a World War artillery officer who wanted to get into this fight but was advised to stay on the Job in the Senate, want a strong hand in determining military strat egy? Most observers think the pure ly military decisions will remain in the hands of Oen. Marshall and Admiral King. Will he hold a domestic course "a little left of center,” as Presi dent Roosevelt described it? Is Harry Hopkins out as in ternational and domestic adviser? Pew think he will have much future White House influence. They be lieve men like former War Moblli gation Director Byrnes will be con sulted. WARM SPRINGS, GA.—ROOSEVELT’S BODY ON WAY TO WASHINGTON—Young patients of the Warm Springs Foundation watch as the body of their benefactor is borne to the train for the trip to Washington —AP Wirephoto. - ♦ --- ■ - — Warm Springs Patients Are Saddened*! News Of President's Death By the Associated Press. WARM SPRINGS, Ga„ April 13.— Warm Springs—“Little Washington" —more than any similar town in America is stunned. Georgia was President Roosevelt’s “second State,” and here at Warm Springs, a village among Georgia’s rolling red hills, is the cottage known as the “Little White House." Under war restrictions, the rest of the country did not know the Presi dent’s whereabouts. Presumably he was in Washington, but Warm Springs always knew when he ar rived. The town is merely a hotel and a little group of stores along the high !way, but the reservation of the In [fantile Paralysis Foundation, with 'its stately buildings and pools and pine trees, covers many acres. Here, where the President was a frequent visitor, hundreds of pa tients, children and adults, crip pled by infantile paralysis, learn to use their limbs again by exercise in the warm, curative waters of the natural springs. The first the patients knew of Mr. Roosevelt’s death yesterday was a radio announcement. Stunned silence followed the announcer’s words. The patients had been expecting a visit from the President in the late afternoon. He was coming tc witness a preview of a polio minstrel show, "I Just can’t make myself believe it,” said a young woman in a wheel chair. “He looked so healthy when he was here last Thanksgiving,", said her companion. “Yes. he was out riding'yester day.” Every time the President came to Warm Springs he drove up in front of the administration building and the patients knew he was here. Stetlinius Is Next In Presidential Line Accession of Vice President Tru man to the presidency moves Sec retary of State Stettlnius up to next in line for the office. The vice presidency itself remains vacant until the next election in 1948, but Senator McKellar of Ten nessee, president pro-tempore of the Senate, becomes permanent presid ing officer of the body. Senator McKellar today appoint ed Senator Hill, Democrat, of Ala bama to preside when he is absent. Congress long ago provided for a presidential succession ranging through seven cabinet positions. In event of the death, removal or resignation of a Vice President who has succeeded to the presidency, the line is this: Secretary of State, Secretary of the Treasury, Secretary of War, Attorney General, Post master General, Secretary of the Navy, Secretary of the Interior. Senator McKellar, dean of the Senate, was elected President Pro tempore at this session, succeeding Senator Carter Glass of Virginia, who is ill. In the new post he will receive an additional $5,000 a year. News Is Received in New York With Silence, Tears and Prayer Bs the Associated Press. NEW YORK, April 13 —The serv icemen at the Stage Door Canteen, many of them wounded veterans, sat for a moment under a pall of !shocked silence and then quietly, unashamedly, some of them began ! to cry. In a newsreel theater men sobbed 'aloud, women burst into tears and ran into the street. Two shore patrol sailors in Times Square said: “All down our beat we saw people wiping their eyes, women crying.” j These scenes were typical in New York City last night as the people received with incredulous surprise the news that their Nation's war leader, President Roosevelt, was dead. “President's dead * * • the Presi dent's dead.. A hush followed the words every where. At Fort Totten's Air Transport Command base 770 men awaiting 'shipment to a battle zone heard the j news and asked their chaplain to 'lead them in special prayer. Officials of military hospitals wor. ried over the effect of the news on patients. Through W’ards and cor ridors the word spread among the wounded and men on crutches and in wheelchairs formed low-talking groups to ask: "What will happen to the peace plans now? Will it keep the war going longer?” --—-— Entire World Mourns President, Hopkins Tells Mrs. Roosevelt By the Ai«oci»ted Press. ROCHESTER, Minn., April 13.— Harry Hopkins, perhaps President Roosevelt's closest friend as well as trusted adviser, last night sent the following telegram to Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt at Warm Springs, Ga.: | "I am so terribly sorry. The peo ! pie all over this country and, indeed, the entire world, will mourn with you tonight. He was so gallant and brave.” Mr. Hopkins, who suffered recur rence of a nutritional disturbance while abroad with the President, has been at the Mayo Clinic here since his return from Yalta. Sought Just Peace. ! The Minneapolis Morning Tri bune, in a copyright interview, quoted Mr. Hopkins as saying that few persons realized how great masses of people all over the world felt about Mr. Roosevelt. "I know he had on his mind, apart from winning the war, a just peace for all the people of the world,” Mr. Hopkins was quoted as saying. "Few’ people realize how great masses all over the world felt about him and looked to him for just protection of minority groups and those people who have lived in poverty all their lives. "The general impression I’ve had —and I have traveled all over the world with him—is that all people, everywhere, had a tremendous rev erence for him—not just because he Mrs. Truman Is'Retiring' Type; Helps Husband With His Work Retiring Bess Wallace Truman, who had misgivings about her hus band becoming Vice President, watched with tears in her eyes as her husband took the oath to be come President. The weight of responsibilities Pres ident Truman is shouldering will press down on Mrs. Truman also, for she has always worked along with her husband since they were married on June 38, 1019. Last July in Chicago the Missouri delegation which was booming their then junior Senator for the vice presidency understood that one of the hurdles was Mrs. Truman’s re luctance to see her husband under take the extra burdens of the cam paign and the job, although she kept far in the background. Dodged Photographers. As that boom went on, the then Senator was greeted one morning by a battery of photographers when he, Mrs. Truman and their daughter, Miss Margaret Truman, returned to the Truman suite at the Stevens Hotel. Senator Truman was photo graphed talking at the telephone, looking out of the window, seated in a chair. He was unfailingly obliging, until the photographers asked for Mrs. Truman. Then he explained that Mrs. Truman dodged photographers and he would not ask her to pose. Mrs. Truman was in another room, and did not appear. When her husband was nominated she said she was almost "reconciled” to the idea. Just about a month before that oonvention the Trumans had cele brated'their 36th wedding anniver sary. Their marriage took place os soon as ha returned from France and the World War. But the court ship had gone back far before that. They were childhood sweethearts back.in Independence, Mo., where as a boy Harry Truman carried her school books and grew up, chang ing his tactics of courtship from pulling her braids to persuading her to marry him. Six years later she presented him with a daughter, Mary Margaret, now a junior at George Washington University. As a Senator’s wife, it had been Mrs. Truman’s habit to rise at 7 a.m. to get breakfast for her hus band and daughter and get them off to work and to classes. Miss Truman helps her mother with the housework in their flve room, $120-a-month apartment at 4701 Connecticut avenue. Before Mr. Truman became Vice President, the Trumans usually spent the evenings quietly at home. He would work, or he and Margaret, fre quently called "Baby” by her father, would play piano duets. In addition to keeping house, Mrs. Truman actively helped her husband in his work. He made her position clear after his nomi nation for the vice presidency when he was criticized for employ ing his wife as a Senate clerk on public funds. Edited His Speeches. “I need her there and that’s the reason I've got her there,” he said. "I never make a report or deliver a speech without her editing it.’’ While asserting that she had no active political knowledge, Mrs. Truman said she and her husband "go over” his speeches together. The vice presidential campaign interfered with her activities at the USO canteen. She also has been active in the Congressional Club. She also has taken an active part in Chapter 6 of the P. E. O. here in Washington, being a charter member when it was organized about five years ago. Even since the vice presidency brought added Thirty thousand people milled about Times Square. “I can’t believe it. It’s not true." These were the first reactions, re placed by certainty and grief One elderly, white-haired man stood termbling and tearful on a street corner. His voice was hushed with an infinite sadness when he said: ”1 wonder, sometimes, how the universe is made up. A character like Hitler lives and this good man dies. He dies and he does not see the good fruits of his labor." Broadway mourned the Presi dent’s death in the only manner it knew. It shrouded its bandstands, stopped its floor shows. Most clubs closed up entirely at the end of then dinner sessions last night. Fifty-second street, with its tiny bars and swing places w'ent almost completely silent. Its largest club. Leon and Eddie's, shut shop at 10 p.m. Fashinonable 21 housed a col lection of very sober members of cafe society. It was all but empty at 11 p.m. The big Broadway clubs shut their doors early in the evening. Most had no music or entertainment dur ing the few hours they were open. The legitimate theaters had their worst night in years. Cancellations were phoned in with simple ex planation that ’’we don't feel like going out tonight." Theater and movie house mana gers indicated they would pick a day of joint mourning, probably Satur day. was President of the United States but because he was Franklin Delano Roosevelt also. “And that is a very powerful weapon for gaining a good peace. “He must have had great satisfac tion in knowing that Germany was almost defeated. Certainly I know that he had more than anybody else in the world to do with the defeat of Germany.” Mr. Hopkins was expected to leave Rochester by plane today for Washington. MiamiPoliceRecallAtfempf To Assassinate Roosevelt By !ht Associttrd Press. MIAMI. Fla. April 13—When news of President Roosevelt’s death reached police headquarters here this afternoon, veteran officers re called the night of February 15, 1933—17 days before the first Roose velt inauguration—when an assas sin's bullets nearly cost the then President-elect his life. Mr. Roosevelt had addressed a crowd of 25.000 from his car in Bavfront Park, when Giuseppe Zangara. a naturalized Italian bricklayer, fired a pistol at the car. Mayor Anton J. Cermak of Chi cago was fatally wounded and four other persons received less serious wounds, but the President was not hit. Crying that he had tried to kill Mr. Roosevelt "because my stomach hurts,” and because he hated "cap italists,” Zangara was convicted of first-degree murder and electro cuted. When Mr. Roosevelt visited Mr. Cermak in the hospital here, the Chicago Mayor said: "I’m glad it was me and not you.’* duties to her husband and herself she has been rather regular in at tendance at the twice-a-month meetings, and a couple of months ago the meeting was held at the Truman home. Gracious Hostess. The vice presidency meant m»ny more social obligations than for merly, and Washington people have found her gracious and interested. She was ushered into her new duties on Inauguration Day laEt January, when she stood beside Mrs. Roosevelt at the White House and shook hand with the 3,700 guests in an hour and 25 minutes. Mrs. Roosevelt is said to have given her some pointers on how to survive such an ordeal, but it was Mrs. Tru man’s own graciousness that pre vented any word to indicate it had been a tiring experience. Her com ment was that it nad been a “mar velous day." Since then she has been seen at the Capital’s smart gathering places with various groups. Blessed with a good memory for faces, she tries to remember the hundreds of unfa miliar ones she has encountered in recent months. Miss Truman has been described as having "golden bantam" hair and hazel eyes. Her Pi Beta Phi Sor ority sisters at George Washington University say she is about as busy as her father. She did not reach 21 until after her father’s election as Vice President, and therefore could not vote for him. In the summer of 1913 she sang with a light opera company in Den ver, and she puts in considerable time in training her voice. She has served as president of the Canter bury Club for Episcopal students at the university and has been schol arship chairman of her sorority. She has also taken part in glee club activities and in the Cue and Cur tain drama group. Before entering George Washing ton she attended Gunston Hall, and in her senior year won the Spanish prize, honors In English and was on the senior honor roll.