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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 14, 1945, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Pair, high near 83 today; cloudy with
showers tomorrow.
Temperatures today—High, 77, at 1:30
p.m.; low 57, at 6:15 a.m. Yesterdav—
High. 78, at 1:10 p.m.; low, 60, ‘ at
6:20 a.m.
Late New York Markets, Page A-13.
Guide for Readers
Page.
Amusements ..A-14
Comics.B-14-15
Editorial .A-8
Edit’l Articles.. A-»
Finance.A-13
Lost and Found, A-3
Page.
Obituary.A-12
Radio .B-15
Society.__B-3
Sports.A-10-ll
Where to Go __B-8
Woman's Page, B-l#
An Associated Press Newspaper
93d YEAR. Xo. 36,900. Phone NA. 5000.
WASHINGTON, D. G, MONDAY, MAY 14, 1945—THIRTY PAGES. ★★★ 1
City Home Delivery. Dmily end Sunday s» rfPVTrrC
90c a Month. When S Sunday*. $1.00 O OJliiN X O
Fresh Jap Reserves Seek to Halt
U. S. Drive Into Okinawa Capital;
500 B-29s Devastate' Nagoya
<
Defense Growing
More Desperate
Every Hour
By the Associated Press.
GUAM, May 14.—The Japanese
threw in fresh reserves today and
laid down thunderous artillery
barrages in an effort to halt
a powerful American offensive
which had reached the outskirts
of Naha, shell-blasted and heav
ily.mined capital of Okinawa.
Marines advanced into the out
skirts of Naha's business district,
and foot soldiers under command of
Maj. Gen. James L. Bradley staged
a fierce assault on a hill position i
near the center of the Okinawa line ■
from which the enemy was directing
artillery fire.
Many enemy troops killed in the
Okinawa sector wore new uniforms,
indicating they probably were re
serves who were seeing their first
action in the bitter battle for
Japan’s ‘•back-door” island.
Desperate Jap Defense.
Enemy defense was growing more
desperate every hour, and in addi
tion to antitank guns and mines,
savage one-man sorties by Japanese
carrying satchel charges of explo
sives were increasing.
Japanese artillery fire roars con
stantly during daylight, and sim
mers down to harassing fire at
night, as the enemy defends a city
reduced largely to rubble.
The mined and booby-trapped
city of 66,000 population was a mere
skeleton. Associated Press Corre
spondent Vern Haughland, who en
tered the northern section of Naha
yesterday, said in a dispatch.
Marines of Maj. Gen. Lemuel C.
Shepherd, jr.’s 6th Division moving'
down the west coast of the Ryukyu
Island only 325 miles south of Japan
itself, fought fiercely to the north
ern bank of the Asa to River, w'hich
runs through the city.
May Cross River Today.
Here the fanatical Japanese were
throwing artillery, mortars and con
siderable small-arms fire into the
tank-led American column in an
effort to keep it from crossing the
last water barrier before Naha.
Brig. Gen. William T. Clement of
Richmond. Va., assistant commander
of the 6th Division, watched his
men slug their way into Naha. He
told Correspondent Haughland he
felt the Leathernecks would cross
the Asato today and swarm through
the center of the capital.
Admiral Chester W. N&nitzs com
munique today made no mention
of Naha other than to say the 6th
Division “was meeting stiff resist
ance” in a day of fierce fighting all
along the tough line.
Behind the Marine lines a Jap
anese force attempted yesterday to
make a counterlanding near the
Machinato Airfield, but failed dis
astrously. Guns from ships and
ashore broke up the amphibious
force and sank every landing boat.
Counterattack Smashed.
Inland the 1st Marine Division
under Maj. Gen. Pedro A. del Valle
broke up a strong counterattack and
then moved southeastward from the
village of Dakeshi against the ap
proaches to the major enemy
stronghold of Shuri. second city of
Okinawa.
The Yanks were steadily tighten
ing a noose on Shuri. a veritable
fortress city. The 383d Regiment
of Maj. Gen. James L. Bradley's
96th Infantry Division scaled im
portant Conical Hill, about 1 mile
from Shuri.
Maj. Gen. Andrew D. Bruce's 77th
Infantry Division, meanwhile, took
high ground near Conical Hill. The
77th was trader some of the heaviest
mortar and artillery fire of the
Okinawa campaign.
Planes Approach Shipping.
A few enemy planes approached
American shipping at Okinawa yes
terday, but caused no damage. A
strong Japanese air fleet struck on
Friday and damaged several Amer
ican fleet units. In all, 93 attacking
planes were shot down. Seventy-six
enemy aircraft were destroyed in
other actions for a one-day total
of 169.
A major unit of the American
fleet was damaged by air attack the
same day as carrier planes made
low-level attacks on the Amami
group of the Ryukyus, north of
Okinawa.
Shore installations on Minami
Daito Island, east of the Ryukyus,
were bombarded Thursday.
Two additional men from
the District area have been re
ported killed in this war. See
"On the Honor Roll," Page A-2.
Blum Flown to Paris
Following Liberation
the Associated Press.
PARIS, May 14.—Former Popular
Front Premier Leon Blum, liberated
by American troops May 4 from a
hotel prison in North Italy, arrived
today by plane at an airport near
Paris.
Gen. Charles de Gaulle sent a
personal representative to meet the
aging leader of France’s powerful
Socialist party, who was arrested by
the Vichy government in September,
1940, and transferred to German
Imprisonment in 1943.
A large number of important
French political figures were at the
airfield to meet Blum.
----- -— ■ ---'■ ---- <
Eisenhower 'Regrets' Treatment
Of High Nazis on Friendly Basis
'Errors' to Be Terminated at Once, He Says,
After Criticism of Handling of Goering
By the Associated Pres*.
PARIS, May 14—Gen. Eisen
hower said today he regrets in
stances in which senior officers
treated captured Nazi and high
German officials on a “friendly
enemy’’ basis in direct violation
of his orders.
The supreme commander said in a
statement:
"My attention has been called to
press reports of instances of senior
United States officers treating cap
tured Nazi and high German officials
on a ‘friendly enemy’ basis. Any
such incident has been in direct
violation of my express and long
standing orders.
"Drastic measures have been set
in motion to assure termination of
these errors forthwith. Moreover,
any past instances of this nature are
by no means indicative of the atti
tude of this Army, but are results of
faulty judgment of individuals con
cerned, who will be personally
acquainted with expressions of my
definite disapproval.
“In the name of this great force
and on my own, I regret these oc
currences.”
The supreme commander's state
ment was made following widespread
criticism appearing in the British
and American press on treatment of
Reichsmarshal Hermann Goering by
the American 7th Army.
Dispatches from the 7th Army
last Wednesday said Goering was
given a lunch of chicken and peas
at the headquarters of Maj. Gen.
John E. Dahlquist, commander of
the 36th (Texas) Division, after
“brief greetings and a handshake”
and posed for pictures with Gen.
Dahlquist and Brig. Gen. Robert
Stack of Schenectady, N. Y.
(Col. Gen. Heinz Guderian,
German tank expert and former
chief of the German general
staff, was captured yesterday by
the 7th Army.)
The London News Chronicle, de
claring the British people had been
angered by reports of the way Goer
(See EISENHOWER, Page A-5 >
Agreement Is Hear
On Power of Council
In Regional Issues
Successful Talks Held
By Big Five Spokesmen
And Latin Delegations
Bv GOULD LINCOLN,
Star Staff Correspondent.
SAN FRANCISCO, May 14.—
The United Nations Conference
today was drawing closer to an
agreement on charter language
which will maintain the author
ity of the projected new inter
national organization and at the
same time give regional agencies
like the inter-American group
the right to act if the World
Security Council fails to keep the
peace.
The United States draft of an
amendment defining the relation
ship between the world organization
and regional agencies was dis
cussed over the week end by repre
sentatives of the Big Five and by
the Latin American delegations,
with good success reported. The
language of this proposal is still
open to change, however.
Paraphrase of Draft.
A paraphrase of the United States
draft as it now stands, which comes
from an authorative source, is as
follows:
“If the Security Council fails
to maintain peace and security and
an actual attack occurs on a state,
there is nothing in the charter
which shall be deemed to prevent
member states from exercising the
inherent right of self-defense—and
the right of self-defense may be
exercised either individually or col
lectively.
“If through a failure of the Secur
ity Council to maintain peace and
security, this right of self-defense
has to be exercised, any measure
taken shall be promptly reported
to the Security Council, which may
still authorize or take measures of
its own to restore the peace."
The test of failure on the part of
the Security Council, it was declared
by the same source, is not whether
it has observed legal forms—for ex
ample, the vote power permitted the
five permanent members of the
council—but whether, as stipulated
in the charter, it has in fact dis
charged its duty of primary respon
sibility to maintain the peace. If
the veto were the means of bring
ing about this failure, that failure
would open up the way to region
action. Such a failure might itself
produce a demand to withdraw the
veto power.
Chapultepec Issue.
One of the questions which has
been under consideration is whether
the act of Chapultepec—the regional
agreement of the Americas should
be mentioned by name in the pro
posed amendment to the charter
It was at first written into the
amendment, and withdrawn in a
subsequent draft. The language of
the amendment, it is pointed out, is
inclusive, and would cover the inter
American regional arrangements
perfectly. For that reason it is not
considered essential to mention the
act.
From a purely political point of
view, it is argued on the other hand,
the writing in of the name of the
Chapultepec pact would strengthen
sentiment for the charter in the
United States and the other Ameri
can republics.
It became apparent in the discufc
(see LINCOLN, Page A-5.)
English Weather Spoils
Bombers' Victory Salute
By (be Associated Press.
LONDON, May 14.—Tricky Eng
lish weather prevented 800 Ameri
can bombers from participating in
a scheduled victory air salute to
England yesterday.
Clouds that blew up suddenly
hung too low for the big bombers
to play, but 700 fighters were able
to carry out their part of the dem
onstration.
SHAEF Disaccredifs
Kennedy, Orders Him
To Return to U. S.
Gudebrod Also Will Be
Sent Back for Story
Of Nazi Surrender
By the Associated Pres*.
PARIS, May 14.—Supreme
headquarters tonight announced
the disaccreditation ol Edward
Kennedy of the Associated Press
on a charge of breach of confi
dence in breaking prematurely
the story of the signing of the
German surrender.
Morton P. Gudebrod of the Asso
ciated Press was disaccredited at
the same time for taking “an active
part in the premature release of a
news story."
Mr. Kennedy and Mr. Gudebrod
both were ordered to return to the
United States.
Robert Bunnelle. managing ex
ecutive for the United Kingdom for
the Associated Press, was rein
stated.
Gudebrod in Hospital.
Mr. Kennedy and Mr. Gudebrod
were ordered to leave on May 17.
Mr. Gudebrod was granted an
extension, however, by Brig. Gen.
Prank Allen, jr.. chief of public re
lations, in view of the fact that
he is ill in a hospital with pneu
monia and is not expected to be dis
charged for two weeks.
Gen. Allen in a statement noted
that “the Associated Press has pub
lished its profound regrets for dis
tribution of the story in advance
of its authorization.”
"With this statement, this regret
table incident is considered as closed
by Supreme Headquarters." Gen.
Allen's statement said.
ivenucay s conscicncr clear.
Mr. Kennedy in a statement is
sued after the disaccreditation said:
"My conscience is clear in this
matter. I did what I considered to
be my duty and informed SHAEF
public relations in advance that I
intended to do it. I am fully re
sponsible for the action of Morton
Gudebrod in this matter as he acted
under my instructions.”
(Mr. Bunnelle, with head
quarters in London, had been
suspended as a war correspond
ent in the European theater dur
ing the investigation since the
dispatch passed through the
London Bureau of the AP.i
Headquarters Statement.
Text of the supreme headquarters
statement:
‘‘Investigation of premature trans
mission and release of the story of
the unconditional surrender of Ger
man forces written by Edward Ken
nedy has been completed.
“The following actions have been
taken as a result of the investiga
tion and on the authority of the
supreme commander:
“War Correspondent Edward Ken
nedy of the Associated Press, having
deliberately violated a trust reposed
in him by prematurely releasing
through unauthorized channels and
deliberately avoiding military cen
sorship a news story concerning
which he was pledged to secrecy, is
disaccredited and ordered to return
to the United States.
“War Correspondent Morton P.
Gudebrod of the Associated Press,
having taken an active part in the
premature release of a news story
through unauthorized channels,
thus violating existing military cen
sorship regulations, is disaccredited
and ordered to return to the United
States.
"War Correspondent Robert Brun
nelle of the Associated Press, who
was suspended, has been reinstated.
“The Associated Press has pub
lished its profound regrets for dis
tribution of the story in advance of
its authorization.
“With this statement this regret
table incident is considered as closed
by supreme headquarters.”
Montgomery in London
LONDON, May 14 <#).—Field
Marshal Montgomery reached Lon
don today and went to the War Of
fice for a conference.
3,500 Tons of
Bombs Dropped on
Aircraft Center
By the Associated Press.
GUAM, May 14.—Industrial
Nagoya, Japan’s third largest
city, was plastered with 3,500
tons of fire bombs today by a
record fleet of 500 American
Super Fortresses, and returning
crewmen reported 'sweeping
devastation” of the metropolis.
While there was no immediate re
port of American losses, plane com
manders agreed they must have been
very light, and said opposition was
surprisingly small.
Antiaircraft fire was described as
weak and inaccurate, and while
many Japanese fighter pilots took
to the air. few showed any disposi
tion to fight.
It was the mast concentrated in
cendiary raid of the Pacific war.
iA Japanese communique ad
mitted many fires were started.)
1,800-Mile-Long Parade.
The giant air fleet, winging 3.300
miles round trip, struck while the
Tokyo radio was reporting a con
tinuing two-day offensive by 900
carrier-based planes on its home is
lands. The carrier planes came
from two task forces, the uncon
firmed enemy broadcast said.
The giant B-29 air parade was
more than 1,800 miles long. The
first Super Fort had flown to the
Honshu Island city, dropped its fire
bombs and had been on its way
home for 90 minutes when the last
plane was taking off from its Mar
ianas base.
Results still were lacking here.
A new-tvpe, six-pound fire bomb
was carried today for nearly every
one of Nagoya's 1,500.000 inhabitants.
Altogether, 1,165,000 of the jelly
gasoline bombs were dropped. They
explode seconds after hitting the
target and spew flaming gasoline
over a sizable area.
Home of Big Aircraft Works.
Nagoya, on Honshu, Is Japan's
largest aircraft industry center and
home of the Mitsubishi aircraft
engine works and others. One
quarter of the working population
Is engaged in warplane production.
The great aerial armada swept
over Iwo Jima for a navigation
check—a fresh indication of the
value of that island.
me air neet, later rendezvoused
off the Japanese coast—defiant of
interceptors—and the first bombar
dier called "bombs away" at 8:15
a.m.
Weather conditions were not the
best and the flyers were expected
to encounter a cloud deck over the
target. However, bombing was
visual.
The general target area of to
day’s raid was just west of the
gigantic Mitsubishi engine works,
almost totally ruined in previous
attacks.
Five Area* Hammered.
Five great circles in the northern
section of the city, nine square miles
in all, were designated as target
areas. They included the Chigusa
factory of the Nagoya arsenal, pro
ducing heavy ordnance and am
munition components; a large elec
trical plant, and thousands of home
factories turning out electrical parts
and airplane instruments.
Super Fortresses last attacked
Nagoya March 30 when a small
force hit the Mitsubishi plant
against light opposition. Five and
four-tenths square miles of the city
had been burned out prior to today's
raid.
Most of Nagoya's construction is
more modern than other large Japa
nese cities, but more than 90 per
cent is wood and plaster.
The bombers went in at medium
altitude today, attacking in a
column of squadrons of 11 planes
each. More than 5,500 American
airmen participated in the assault.
The target area had a population
of 22,000 to 75,000 persons per square
mile. Army spokesmen said Japan
could not avoid heavy casualties.
Belgium Arrests 3 More
On Collaboration Charge
By the Associated Press.
BRUSSELS. May 14.—Three more
Belgians charged with prominent
roles in collaboration with the Ger
mans have been arrested and im
prisoned pending trials.
Gerard Romsee, who acted as
Minister of Interior during the Ger
man occupation, was arrested when
he returned to Belgium in a group
of repatriated nationals.
Raymond de Becker, one-time edi
tor in chief of the pro-German edi
tion of the newspaper Le Soir, was
arrested on a Paris-Brussels train.
Gen. Lambert Chardonne, who in
1940 was commander of the Belgian
infantry regiment Chasseurs Ar
dennais, is accused of recruiting men
for the Rexist shock troops called
“Legion Wallonne,” which fought
against the Russians.
Mine sweeper YM5-103
Is Lost Near Okinawa
The 260-ton mine sweeper, YMS
103, has been lost in the vicinity of
Okinawa as a result of enemy ac
tion, the Navy Department an
nounced today. Casualties were
“moderate," the- Navy said.
The vessel which carried a normal
complement of 30 officers and men,
was commanded by Lt. (j. g.) Les
lie M. Thornton, jr., Kansas City,
Mo., who survived.
V eterans' Agency 30 to 60 Days
Behind in Work, Hearing Is Told
House Member Makes Charge at Pay Hearing;
Has A-l Personnel Priority, Flemming Says
By JOSEPH YOUNG.
A demand that immediate ac
tion be taken to alleviate a short
age of personnel at the Veterans’
Administration was made today
by Representative Vursell, Re
publican, of Illinois as the House
Civil Service Subcommittee
opened hearings on proposed
Federal pay increase legislation.
Consideration of the salary bill
was momentarily forgotten as com
mittee members closely questioned
Civil Service Commissioner Arthur
S. Flemming on the veterans’
agency.
Declaring the agency is 30 to 60
days behind in its work. Mr. Vursell
asserted that "public confidence in
the GI Bill of Rights has been
shaken by the delay in taking care
of veterans' claims and needs.’’
“The welfare of millions of service
men and their families are in
volved and cannot be ignored,"
Mr. vursell continued.
Mr. Flemming replied that the
personnel needs of the Veterans
Administration have been given A-l
priority and that everything is being
done to fill its manpower needs.
Mr. Vursell asked that Mr. Flem
ming consult with Brig. Gen. Frank
T. Hines, administrator of the agen-'
cy, on easing the shortage.
At this point Representative Mil
ler. Democrat, of California de- j
dared that one of the agency’s diffi-1
culties in recruiting workers was the
low salaries paid and little prospect j
of future advancement.
"After the last war I worked for!
four years in the Veterans' Admin
istration as a civil service employe,”
Mr. Miller recalled, "but I finally
quit because I realized I had little
or no chance for advancement.”
Flemming Cites Uniformity.
Mr. Flemming agreed that ab
sence of a guarantee of a perma
nent position was a factor in the
situation. Regarding the assertion
that Veterans' Administration em
ployes generally received less pay
than other Government workers.
Mr. Flemming said that "there is
iSee PAY BILL, Page~A-<rj j
WMC Funds Cut 30%
As House Committee
Studies War Finances
Budget Estimates for
Many National Defense
Items Are Reduced
S2.500.000 BUILDING FUND for St.
Elizabeth's voted by House group.
Page B-l
First war agency to have its
finances reviewed on Capitol Hill
since Germany's surrender, the
| War Manpower Commission drew
a deep cut today from the House
Appropriations Committee.
Sending to the floor a $1,086,210.
337 supply measure for the Labor
: Department, the Federal Security
Agency and related offices for the
'fiscal year starting July 1, the com
mittee slashed WMC’s budget esti
mates more than 30 per cent.
It recommended $62,099,000 for
ithe agencv headed bv Paul V. Mc
Nutt. This was $31,773,900 below
j budget estimates and $49,260,385 un
der current year appropriations.
“It is perfectly manifest,” the
committee.said in explaining its ac
tion, "that war production needs
during fiscal year 1946 will be great
ly reduced.”
in Line With Iranian Request.
The committee's action was in
line with President Truman's rec
ommendation 12 days ago that a
total of $80,000,000 be cut from the
budget estimates of eight agencies
“because of changing war condi
tions."
Committee members said other
war agencies whose activities may
be curtailed because of Germany's
defeat will feel the financial axe
when an overall measure carrying
their funds reaches the House late
this month.
Large reductions in the WMC
budget included $5,000,000 from the
general administration fund, and
$9,349.900— the entire budget es
timate—for carrying out the migra
tory workers’ program.
On these two items, the committee
went even further than the recom
mendations of the President. The
Chief Executive had urged a cut of
only $1,598,000 in the general ad
ministration fund and $7,749,000 in
the budget for migration of work
ers.
Defense Items Cut.
The committee cut $32,461,587
from budget estimates for numerous
national defense items in the bill,
leaving $260,372,013 for that purpose.
It approved $789,761,000 for so
(See APPROPRIATIONS;PageA-6~ >
Schacht Reported on Capri
NEW YORK, May 14 iff).—The
Paris radio, in a broadcast heard by
CBS, said yesterday that Dr. Hjalmar
Schacht, Germany's former Min
ister of Economics and president of
the Reichsbank, had been confined
to forced residence on the island of
Capri, off the Italian coast.
7th War Loan Drive
For
Launched Here
Special Store Broadcasts
And 'Caravan' Sales Held;
Army Show Opens Tonight
The District Seventh War Loan
drive for $113,000,000 was launch
ed today with special broadcasts
in department stores, blaring
“caravan” bond sales in the
streets and Army ground forces
show, "Here’s Your Infantry,”
spening tonight in West Potomac
Park.
Meanwhile the national drive for
$14,000,000,000 got a send-off last
night from Secretary of the Treas
ury Morgenthau, who broadcast an
appeal for its success as “the great
challenge to American democracy.”
Not only must the Japanese war
be fought to a conclusion with tons
of expensive equipment, Secretary
Morgenthau said, but also "the vast
responsibility of reconstruction in
Europe is upon us. We cannot shirk
it without endangering all that we
have already won in combat,” he
concluded.
"Look to Us at Home."
Secretary Morgenthau said self
restraint In spending and the in
vestment of surplus earnings in War
Bonds is the only way to keep Amer
ican economy on an even keel. He
added that slackening now in bond
subscriptions would be a bitter pill
for the men fighting on Okinawa
and other Pacific islands.
“They look to all of us at home
for the same unstinting support
that helped them to victory over
Hitler’s Germany,” he said.
Locally more than 6,000 persons
attended a gigantic 3-hour enter
tainment for bond purchasers last
night at the Uline Arena, with Bob
Hope as master of ceremonies. Part
of the show was broadcast prffcr to
Secretary Morgenthau's address.
Merchants Have Bond Day.
The merchants of the city today
marked “B day”—Bond day—with
a broadcast with Hildegarde, radio
star, from Constitution Hall, with
sale of only War Bonds all day until
10 p.m. at Grosner’s, 1325 P street
N.W., and with an exhibition of a
model of the “miracle harbor” towed
to Normandy on D day. This exhi
bition, on the fourth floor of the
Hecht department store, was ex
plained hourly by British and Amer
ican officers who supervised building
(See WAR LOAN, Page A-6.)
R. Henry Norweb Named
Ambassador to Cuba
R. Henry Norweb, Ambassador to
Panama, was nominated by Presi
dent Truman today to be Ambas
sador to Cuba.
In the new post he will succeed
Spruille Braden, recently named
Ambassador to Argentina.
No successor was named for Mr.
Norweb in Panama.
Truman Will Confer
With Eden, Attlee
And Soong Today
British Foreign Secretary
May Discuss Plans
For Big Three Meeting
By JOSEPH H. BAIRD.
Three high leaders of the
United Nations were to see Pres
ident Truman at the White
House this afternoon to discuss
problems now vexing the Allies.
Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden
of Great Britain and Clement Att
lee, Deputy Prime Minister, arrived
by plane early today from San Fran
cisco and were to confer with the
President at 2:30 p.m. Foreign Min
ister T. V. Soong of China, who also
has returned here from the United
Nations Conference, arranged a talk
with Mr. Truman at 2 pm.
During the morning Mr. Eden
called on Acting Secretary of State
Grew for preliminary talks before
going to the White House.
Discussed State of World.
After being closeted with Mr.
Grew for 35 minutes, the British
statesman told reporters that they
talked about a “number of matters
connected with the state of the
world" as there was "no lack of ma
terial to discuss.”
Replying to questions Mr. Eden
said it was "quite possible” that the
Polish issue had been discussed, but
he would not be more specific, ex
cept to add that the talk was not
concerned with the San Francisco
Conference. This indicated to ob
servers that the two had been
mainly concerned with pressing
postwar European problems.
Observers believed it likely that
Mr. Eden, who is going to London
very shortly, may act as an in
termediary in arranging a Big
Three conference among Mr. Tru
man, Prime Minister Churchill and
Premier Stalin.
Expect Early Meeting.
Diplomatic circles in London, the
Associated Press reported, expect a
meeting of the Big Three shortly,
possibly in the British capital. The
British Press Association said Mr.
Eden was expected to discuss the
date and place of the conference
with Mr. Truman.
The same source said matters
likely to be discussed by the Big
Three included, in addition to the
pressing Polish problem, the pun
ishment of major war criminals, the
occupation and control of Germany
and the future of Austria.
Mr. Eden, naturally, is in a posi
tion to give the President a first
hand report on the latest develop
ments at the United Nations Con
ference in San Francisco, including
the talks which he and Secretary of
State Stettinius held with Foreign
Commissar V. M. Molotov of Russia
on the reorganization of the Polish
regime and its invitation to the con
ference. Mr. Molotov returned to
Moscow last week.
Progress Impossible.
Mr. Eden said in San Francisco
last week that Russia’s arrest of 16
Polish leaders who started to Mos
cow for conferences and the failure
of the Soviet to offer any satisfac
tory explanation had “made further
progress Impossible” in discussions
of the Polish question in San Fran
cisco.
“It will now be for the govern
ments themselves to take stock of
(See EDEN, Page A-5.)
Ross Takes Oath Tomorrow
As Truman Press Chief
Charles G. Ross, long-time mem
ber of the Capitol press corps, will
be sworn in tomorrow as press
secretary to President Truman, it
was announced at the White House
today.
Mr. Ross, a friend of the Presi
dent since boyhood, succeeds Jona
than Daniels.
The new press secretary has rep
resented the St. Louis Post-Dis
patch here since 1918 with the ex
ception of a five-year interlude
when he was editor of the paper’s
editorial page.
Mr. Daniels told newsmen today
he is preparing to write a book and
expects to do extensive magazine
work.
He will have his headquarters at
his home in Raleigh, N. C., where
his father, Josephus Daniels, pub
lishes the News and Observer.
Civilians to Get
50 Pet. Increase
In Tire Rations.
1,500,000 Allotted *
During May; A-Card
Holders Won't Benefit
A 50 per cent increase in pas
senger car tire rations for this
month was announced today by
the War Production Board, which
said this adds 500,000 tires to
the number to be distributed to
civilians.
The improvement in rations, at
tributed directly to the lowered mili
tary demand in the wake of victory
in Europe, will provide civilians with
1,500,000 casings during May. While
this is 500,000 more than the alloca
tion for April, it is 100,000 below that
of March.
The OPA said there was little
likelihood of A-card ration holders
getting new tires, as a result of to
day's order, since ration boards now
have large backlogs of applications
from B and C card holders.
At WPB it was stated that as
newly increased manufacturing
schedules go into effect "tires will
be released in Increasing numbers.”
Production Schedules Up.
In this connection, W. James
Sears, director of WPB's rubber
bureau, disclosed that the production
schedule for rubber companies has
been increased from 3,200,000 tires
in the April-May-June quarter to
5,200,000. Mr. Sears said production
schedules for the August-September
quarter now are being studied care
fully, and that as soon as these
studies have been acted on by WPB s
Requirements Committee, the re
sults will be released.
I he official said the Rubber Bu
reau had never believed that 1,000.
000 passenger tires a month were
sufficient to maintain essential
travel for any period of time. How
ever, greatly increased military re
quirements forced a reduction in
passenger tire production.
Still Need to Conserve.
"Although every effort will be
made to manufacture as many pas
senger tires as possible after the
demands for military and essential
civilian truck and bus tires have
been met, there is still a great need
to conserve and care for every tire
that is now in service," Mr. Sears
said.
Only B and C gasoline ration
holders now are eligible to obtain
new tires, and those whose tires
cannot be recapped must obtain
authorization for new tires through
local ration boards.
Meanwhile, the Defense Investi
gating Committee today pursued its
inquiry into the shortage of carbon
black, which is necessary in the pro
duction of synthetic tires.
Former Rubber Director Bradley
Dewey described the reduction of
the amount of carbon black used in
synthetic rubber as "a terrible
thing." ,
Billion Dollars in Industry.
"This country has put almost a
billion dollars into synthetic rubber,
and the performance of synthetic
tires means a lot to our country,”
he told the committee.
"The people should know how
good synthetic is. We shouldn't
save a little carbon black at the ex
pense of doing those things.”
A WPB official testified last week
the tread wear of tires for Army
;jeeps and civilian motorists had
been reduced between 20 and 30
1 per cent by an order issued in
February calling for a reduction in
the ratio of carbon black used. This
order was modified in April to im
prove the quality of jeep tires.
Mr. Dewey said he had resigned
his post as rubber director thinking
"a single authority,” the War Pro
duction Board, could more effec
tively carry out a program for ex
panding production of the essential
component of synthetic rubber.
He declared that last June, a
j month before he resigned, he had
been shown a production schedule
by WPB officials calling for an in
crease of 100,000,000 pounds in the
production rate of carbon black by
early 1945. WPB officials have
testified this goal was not met.
Finnish Leader Arrested
LONDON, May 14 'The Mos
cow radio, quoting a Tass Agency
dispatch from Helsinki, said early
today that former Finnish Chief of
State Police Antoni had been ar
rested and placed in a concentra
tion camp.
Tariff Bill Hearings
Ended by Committee
The House Ways and Means
Committee todav brought to a close
nearly a month of hearings on
the administration's new reciprocal
trade bill, with a committee decision
expected before the end of the week.
Representative Lewis, Republican,
of Ohio, the last witness, advocated
a “floor price” under imports to the
United States of not more than 5
per cent Below the cost of ivoduc
tion of similar American products,
as preferable to tariff protecton for
domestic industry.
Mr. Lewis was one of four House
members who appeared today in op
position to the main provision of
the administration bill, which would
authorize a further reduction of 50
per cent in tariff duties in future
trade agreements. The other three
were Representatives Randolph,
Democrat, of West Virginia; Hin
shaw. Republican, of California and
Murray, Republican, of Wisconsin.
Mr. Randolph has a substitute
bill for a straight two-year exten
tion of the trade agreement act,
without additional cutting power,
and Mr. Hinshaw said he would not
object to a straight extention. The
present law expires June 12.
(Every $600^000 Worthttf War Bonds Builds Another B-29 to Drop\ Bomb Destruction on Tokyo

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