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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 14, 1945, Image 3

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Stubborn Japs Blasted
Near Davao as Yanks
Try to Split Mindanao
By the Associated Pres*.
MANILA, May 14.—Americans
of the 24th Infantry Division
hacked away at stubborn Jap
anese lines near the city of
Davao on Mindanao today, while
the 40th Division, capturing the
extensive Del Monte air center,
sped south to bisect the big
Philippine Island.
Meanwhile, on Northeastern New
Guinea, Australians captured long
contested Wewak, by-passed earlier
by American troops, Gen. MacAr
thur announced in his communique
The Japanese were throwing
everything they had into the fight
northwest of Davao, in an attempt
to pin down the 24th Division near
Davao Gulf.
Foe Uses Rocket Fire.
The Japanese used rocket fire in
hope of stemming the steady Yank
advance between the Talomo and
Davao Rivers.
Juncture of the three United
States divisions—the 40th to the
north, the 31st in the middle and
24th at the south—would cut this
second largest Philippine Island
through the center and split the
estimated 50,000 enemy troops gar
risoned there.
Maj. Gen. Rapp Brush’s 40th Di
vision, which landed Thursday on
Macajalar Bay, already was speed
ing toward a junction with the 31st,
less than 60 miles away at cap
tured Maramag air field in the high
land interior.
Against light opposition, the 40th
stormed up narrow gorges onto the
inland plateau, captured Del Monte,
with its three airfields, and pressed
two miles beyond. The fields offer
the Yanks a base from which to
hammer opposition to the south.
Aussies Advance Swiftly.
Wewak, a tough core of Japanese
resistance for more than two years,
fell to 6th Division Australians in a
swift drive from the west. The
Aussies, who landed Friday on the
northeast New Guinea peninsula un
der cover of British fleet units, drove
to the edge of the westernmost air
However, field dispatches empha
sized that strong military resistance
remains in the area. Aussies from
the east, supporting the Wewak
force in a pincers movement, were
seven miles away.
On Tarakan Island, off Borneo,
Australian and Dutch invaders sent
out extensive patrols after overrun
ning the old fields. They encoun
tered but few Japanese.
Formosa Bombed Heavily.
Sixth Army troops on Luzon
maintained strong pressure on Ba
lete Pass leading to the extensive
Cagayan Valley in the north, and
tightened their pincers move on the
Ipo Dam area east of Manila.
Despite bad weather, heavy bomb
ers plastered Formosa factories and
war installations with 260 tons of
bombs w'hile medium and fighter
bombers swept low over airdromes,
knocking out many parked aircraft.
Gen. MacArthur said targets were
left “a mass of flame.”
Patrol planes in raids from For
mosa to the Netherlands Indies and
the tip of Indo-China sank 15
freighters and five coastal vessels.
Josephine Baker Plans
Pacific Area Tour
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, May 14. — Josephine
Baker, American entertainer who
was famous in prewar Paris, has
been alerted to go to the Pacific the
ater to entertain troops there, she
said yesterday in an interview with
the Army newspaper Stars and
Miss Baker, now a member of the
French air WAC who has been en
tertaining war workers in Britain,
says she hopes to swing a deal to
visit the United States which, the
Negro star said, she has not seen
in 10 years.
BILLFOLD, black, in taxi, at Union Sta
tion. Saturday evening, with Boston ticket,
cards and currency. Reward. Box 320-Z,
BILLFOLD, serviceman’s, khaki, contain
ing identification papers and address in
Quantico, Va.: lost on 14th st. between L
and H. Finder call MRS. WILLIAMS at
ME. 3218. Reward.16*
BRIEF CASE, small, black, zipper, marked
R. C, H. Reward. NA, 3241.
CAMEO BROOCH, large, ringed with seed
pearls. Lost in downtown area or Pet
worth direction. Reward. Call EM. 6932
after 6 p.m.__
CAT, leopard, brown and yellow with white
hroat, name "Kitty,” lost Monday. Re
ward. 1384 C st. s.e._14*
' OLLIE DOG, male, lost on No. l highway,
from 23rd st. into Washington: tan and
white, with 4 white paws. Reward. Call
Alexandria 9314.
H R SCARF, 5 mink skins. May 12th at i
Washington Hotel or vicinity. Reward.
Call EM 5129.i
IRISH SETTER, female, near Bethesda.
4 White Daws, white star on chest. Gen
erous reward. Phone WI. 2224.
MINK SCARF, 4 skins. Saturday night,
near 5th st. n.w., or Arlington. Va.: has
name McCrady on it. Call SH.3320. Reward.
MINUTE BOOK, Social Oyster Club, in
taxi from 12th st. and R. I. ave. n.e. to
21st and F sts. n.w., Thursday, May 10,
11 and 11:30 p.m. $25 reward. JOHN
A. MAHONEY, 2125 G st. n.w., Columbia
PIN, bow-shaped, gold-plated, studded with!
rubies, lost Saturday. Reward. Phone
evenings. AD. 4855.
PIN. circular diamond and ruby with
pendulant diamond in center. Friday noon,
on Wis. between P and Q., or in cab
en route to downtown Conn. Ave. Post
Office. Reward MAJ. G. C. WATSON,
3212 P St. n.w. DE. 4815.
POCKETBOOK. black leather, containing'
keys, ration books, money, etc.; lost in
Kann’s Dept Store Saturday. Call LI. 1990.
POCKETBOOK, brown, hand tooled: ration
books, billfold, identification papers, etc.
Retain cash, please return personau effects.
OR. 0533. Badly needed.
PURSE, black, vicinity Ga. ave. and Madi
son st.; son’s picture, overseas; Leroy and
Cora Greens’ ration books. Reward. TA
SILVER BRACELET of French coins, Tues
day, between Dupont Circle and Arlington
Annex: reward. FRUSHELL, MI. 9276. 13*
WALLET, initialed "E. W. A.”: money
desperately needed; sentimental value;
Saturday night. Call DU. 0101.
WALLET, lost at Chain Bridge. Owner
would appreciate return, as papers con
tained therein are needed. Chestnut 4412.
WALLET, a black, with initials A. L. L.,
Penna. driver’s license, other personal ef
fects. Reward Call TR. 4021. _
WALLET, brown, Tuesday, Union Station
or taxi; Philadelphia Navy Yard pass, car
ration book, registration card. CO. 5949.
WATCH, gold, lady’s Elgin, black band, en
graved on back, "Forevar and ever, May
30. 1942.” Call WO. 0910.
WATCH, man’s, 17-jewel, National; black
leather band; lost on Bryant st. n.w., bet.
1st and N. Capitol, Monday. CO. 0616.
WATCHj bow knot, gold lapel, vicinity 14th
and T, llth and G or colored cab; valued
as keepsake. Ordway 8085. Reward. 15*
WEDDING BAND, yellow gold, initialed in
side, also engraved on top word "mother,”
on Friday. May 11, vicinity Garfield st.
and Edwood, A&P store, Safeway and
5®ebHk* Arlington. Reward. SARAH
M. LANG, 6/20 N. Washington blvd., Apt.
5, Arlington. Call weekdays any time, 9
a.m. to 5:40 p.m., GL. 0626.
WRIST WATCH—Man’s Bulova; lost be
tween 18th and Kalorama rd. n.w.; en
graving on back; reward. Call ANN
BROWN, MI. 6178.
BUe, N. Hile, J. Hile, M. Arnold Hile
It found. CH, 0043.
RATION BOOK, NO. 4, belonging to
LAURENA HILL, 1312 8th st. n.w
BLOUSE, woman's, last Friday p.m., at
corner KUboume place and Mt. Pleasant
n.w. Owner call HO. 7820.
CAT. gray, young female, at corner 41st
st, and Military rd. WO. 3197,
bOG, male, medium size, brown and white,
Falls Church area. Call CH. 6814.
| THIS IS BERLIN—Not an undamaged building appeares in this photo of Berlin taken from a low-flying RAF Mosquito bomber
I shortly after the fall of the German capital. __AP wirephoto.
400 Liberated Reds
Die From Drinking
Nazi Methyl Alcohol
j By the Associated Press.
! NUERNBERG. Germany. May 14.
I—The death of more than 400 lib-,
| erated Russian prisoners of war
from drinking methly alcohol was
reported to American 3d Army au
thorities yesterday by Lt. Michael
Kopilow, Russian liaison officer.
The soldiers looted an abandoned
German freight train near their
camp in this area, Lt. Kopilow said,
and found many cars loaded with
50-gallon drums of methyl which
they mistook for potable alcohol, |
They mixed it with water and drank!
Lt. Kopilow proposed that lib
erated officers be armed and formed
into a security guard to maintain
order and prevent such incidents.
The camp in question, he said, in
cluded 1,600 officers and 8,000 en
listed men.
Third Army authorities assured
him that Russian collaboration
would be welcome.
There are so many cases of deaths
from methyl alcohol that this is
competing with typhus as a public
health problem among displaced
As German withdrawals became;
more disorganized, more warehouses;
and supply trains fell into American!
hands. At the same time combat!
troops were pressing forward so
rapidly that such captured stores
had to be left to military govern
ment detachments to guard. The
AMG is seldom equipped to do this
In many cases a detachment of
i two officers and half a dozen enlisted
men has been responsible for organi
zation of the military government,
restoration of essential utilities and
maintenance of public health, law
and order in an area equivalent to
two American counties with a popu
lation of 40,000 to 100,000.
They appoint German civilian
GLAD TO BE AWAY FROM IT ALL—American soldiers Inspect German youths, admitting to
16 and 17 years of age and from four weeks to four months of service, who were among a
contingent of 3,265 German prisoners arriving in this country yesterday. A majority of the
prisoners said they were glad the war is over. None would admit affiliation with the Nazi party.
police and equip them with arm
bands, but cannot arm them. These
police know warehouses, abandoned
trains, and the like must be pro-;
tected but without arms they usually ■
are just brushed aside by any crowd j
bent on looting.
Mrs. Jackson to Speak
Mrs. H. P. Jackson, former wom
en's editor of the New' York Times,
W'ill discuss "Attaining Peace Under
Difficulties" at noon tomorrow be
fore a breakfast meeting of the
women’s society of the First Con
gregational Oaurch, Tenth and G
streets N.W. Mrs. David Williams
will preside at the meeting.
Army Uncovers Record Showing
Goering Was No. 1 Art Thief
■ By the Associated Press.
Germany, May 14.—American 7th
'Army authorities have uncovered—
iover the reichsmarshal's own signa
ture-sufficient evidence to convict
Hermann Goering as one of the big
gest thieves the world has ever
Here in this gaudy, graystone cas
tle, investigators found sheafs of
correspondence between Goering
and Alfred Rosenberg, minister of
civil administration in eastern oc
cupied areas, explaining in minute
detail just how his men werfe to go
about looting museums.
A small fraction of the booty is
here. Paintings, statues, silver and
jewels worth millions of dollars un
der guard of the American 10th
Armored Division while officers be
gin the long task of identifying
each object and returning it to its
Many From Paris.
Many came from the Rothschild
collection in Paris. Others came
from Kiev, others from Belgium.
Among the oils are Rembrandts,
Reynolds, Van Dycks, Bonheurs,
Murillos, Rousseas, Gainsboroughs
and Moreaus. Various objects
cram this castle to its attic.
But the biggest find is a four
page letter from Goering to Rosen
berg, dated November 21, 1940, in
which the Luftwaffe boss raved
over the beauty of art objects he
had found in France and insisted
they must be brought to Germany.
Goering was so enthusiastic he
told Rosenberg he would place the
full strength of the Luftwaffe at his
disposal to expedite the project. The
reichsmarshal emphasized, how
ever, that no one should get the idea
the wholesale removal of European
art to Germany was for the personal
and private glorification of himself
of the Fuehrer.
There were to be two museums—
one at Linz in honor of Hitler apd
another at a place as yet undecided
to perpetuate Goering’s memory.
The latter he proposed to give the
German people on his 60th birthday.
The bulk of the art intended for
the Linz museum is stored in a mine
near Steinberg. A complete map of
this subterranean vault was found
by Lt. James J. Rorimer, in charge
of fine arts and archives for the 7th
Army. For seven years Lt. Rorimer
was curtaor in the Metropolitan
Museum at New York.
“Through records found here in
Schwanstein,” Lt. Rorimer said, “it
is plain that Rosenberg stole»203
private collections from whav‘he
called his western confiscation dis
! trict between October, 1940, and
July, 1944.
•'This includes 21,903 objects. Here
in Schwanstein we have carefully
indexed cards, photographs and ex
pert analysis of each painting or
| piece of art?’
Lt. Rorimer picked up a card
numbered R-3999.
"Mr. Rothschild might be dis
pleased at this,” he said. "Dr. Guen
ther Schiedlausky, who for a num
ber of years was curator at the Ber
lin Museum, said this piece—a boy
picking a thorn from his foot—is
possibly a fake.”
Hitler Had List of Loot.
Twelve volumes of pictures and
descriptions of the loot were found
among Hitlers’ personal effects at
Evidence indicated he had been
thumbing through the volumes, per
haps to select some for his moun
tain hideout.
"You have no idea of the magni
j tude of the job we have,” Lt. Rori
mer said. "It may take from five to
I fifty years to get it all untangled,
i The Germans were efficient, with all
the records we have found, but no
one knows how many were lost or
how many of the pieces themselves
have been looted privately.”
The chore is complicated by the
presence of many legitimately owned
German paintings.
A detachment of the 10th Ar
mored Division, meanwhile, is
guarding the castle as if it were
Port Knox, Ky.
Polish Crowns Reported
Ordered Sent to Berlin
By the Associated Press.
MOSCOW, May 14.—A Tass dis
patch from Warsaw said today a
document signed by Adolf Hitler
had been found ordering that the
crowns and sceptres of Polish kings
be taken to Germany for his own
Describing the opening of an ex
hibition, “Warsaw Accuses,” Tass
said the Germans did not even spare
a collection of Egyptian mummies
in their widespread looting of Polish
art treasures and museums.
“In search of gold they destroyed
sarcophagi, broke up and threw
away the mummies,” the dispatch
said. "The cost of museum collec
tions of the Polish capital plundered
and destroyed by the Germans runs
into the billions of zlotys.”
The exhibit shows mutilated pic
tures slashed by the Germans,
broken statues, smashed pieces of
valuable furniture, and pp^ures of
prewar palaces, squares aha streets
alongside photos of the present
German officers, included among the group arriving yes
terday, have their effects checked by American soldiers.
—AP Wirephotos.
There Is a
in YOUR Policy . . .
If you carry Insurance on Business Property or Equip
ment this universal Go-Insurance Clause is in your Policy.
This means that you should adjust your Insurance Cov
erage to 80% of the replacement value of your property,
otherwise you will NOT be fully protected in case of
It will pay you to have a SHIVERS INSURANCE
REPRESENTATIVE examine your policies on proper
coverage NOW.
U.S. and Britain Await
Reply From Russia on
Removing Prisoners
By the Associated Press.
REIMS, May 14—The task of re
moving approximately 138,400 Amer
ican and British war prisoners from
the Russian zone of occupation in
Germany could be accomplished by
air transport in from two to four
weeks, it was declared today.
Supreme Allied headquarters has
requested a meeting with the Rus
sians to arrange for the return of
the prisoners, but no reply has been
received. Soviet approval would be
necessary before air evacuation
could be employed.
Best available estimates at this
advance SHAEP headquarters de
clared there were approximately
200,000 British and 76,800 American
war prisoners in Germany. Nearly
half are believed to be in the Rus
sian zone, presumably still waiting
in camps.
Might Move Prisoners.
It is not certain that the Russians
would agree to direct aerial evacu
ation. Soviet military authorities
might move the prisoners to British
and American forward positions,
however, from which they could be
Even that method would be weeks
faster than a long transport route
through Odessa or the south, over
which some Allied prisoners have
A few have made their way out
of the Russian zone “on their own”
and some were released from bor
der-line camps before present lines
of demarcation between forces from
the east and west became more
45,096 Yanks Returned.
Up to May 10—the latest date for
corrected over-all totals—45,096
Americans had been brought back
to rear areas from camp zones and
of these 17,712 were on their way
from this theater back to the United
States, or already there.
On the same date 79.139 British
prisoners had been sent back to
the United Kingdom, 74,394 of them
by air.
Counting French and others, the
armies under Gen. Eisenhower’s
command had liberated and recov
ered 523,800 Allied prisoners of war
and brought 163,745 of them back
by plane.
Swift return of prisoners is high
on SHAEF’s priority. What planes
can do is testified by one day's work
in Gen. Eisenhower’s sector, when
35.000 men were evacuated.
Third Railway Bridge
Built Across Rhine
By the Associated Press.
14.—A third railway bridge built by
American engineers across the
Rhine furnished a new link today
between the Ruhr and Western
The bridge was completed V-E
day and was named the “Victory
Bridge” by Lt. Gen. Leonard T.
Gerow, commander of the 15th
Army, when he dedicated it Satur
day to "all wrho have fallen in the
fight against Naziism.”
The 2,815-foot bridge was finished
in 6 days and 15 hours.
Reasonable Rates
Personal Supervision
Will accept your surplus furniture as
part payment on your morinr.
Edelman’i Moving & Storage Co.
3303 Georgia Are. Taylor 2937
Prompt. Careful. Dependable Service.
Favorable Rates
No Indorsers
1102 N«w York A vs. N.W.
Greyhound Bat Terminal
US. 1300
Op«u TUI 6 P.M.
By Appointment
All work guaranteed
and done by factory
trained mechanics.
Martin Agronsky
Interprets the News
Monday thru Friday
The Evening ^tar Station
British to Reopen
Breweries in Reich
Br the Associated Press.
LONDON, May 14.—A British
“beer mission” leaves today to re
open Germany’s breweries.
The plants will produce for men
in the occupation army and will
build up Britain’s depleted stocks.
London and other parts of England
are facing a "beer famine” because
of shortages of labor, bottles and
The mission will visit a Heidel
berg plant first. This may be put
in operation in a few months, with
barley borrowed, if necessary, from
the United States.
Lady Astor's Son, 38,
To Wed in England
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, May 14.—The engage
ment of Lt. W. W. Astor, eldest son
of Lord and Lady Astor, and Sarah
Norton, daughter of Lord Grantley,
film magnate, was announced today.
Lt. Astor, 38, who has been serv
ing in the Royal Navy, has been a
member of Parliament since 1935.
’Til victory is in the "bag”—pay
roll savings mustn’t lag!
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