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Weather Forecast1 Some cloudiness, continued warm this afternoon, tonight and tomorrow. Temperatures today—High, 95, at 1:15 p.m.; low, 77, at 5:25_a.m. Yesterday High, 97, at 2:05 pm.; low, 71, at 6 am. Guide for Readers rage. Amusements - B-10 Churches -. A-7-8-9 Comics .B-8-9 Editorial _A-6 Edit’l Articles . A-7 L6st and Found, A-3 rage. Obituary ._A-10 Radio .B-9 Real Estate, B-l-2-3 Society ..A-7 Sports _B-4 Where to Go—B-9 An Associoted Press Newspaper 93d YEAR. No. 36,947. Phone NA. 5000. WASHINGTON, D. C.± SATURDAY, JUNE 30, 1945—TWENTY PAGES. ★★★ City Home Delivery. Deny end Sunday m /"< rr' ATrp O 80e • Month. When t Sunday a. SI .00 d 1 O B-29s Step Up Blows at Japs; New Base Won 8th Oil Plant Raided; Yanks Seize Island of Kume for Airstrips By the Associated Press. GUAM. June 30.—A midnight B-29 attack on Japan’s fourth largest oil refining plant was announced today as a fleet com munique disclosed American ac quisition without bloodshed of an island offering airstrip sites 50 miles west of Okinawa. Raiding the enemy homeland for the second time in one day, 50 Super Ports bombed the Kudumatsu oil refining plant, on the Inland Sea coast of Southwest Honshu, with high explosives, This attack extended to the eighth rich target the B-29 knock out campaign against Japanese oil installations which already has de stroyed a large percentage of the enemy’s facilities for producing the vital fuel. No Jap Troops Encountered. Admiral Chester W, Nimitz’s communique said Kume Island. 50 miles west of Okinawa and within 300 miles of Formosa and 370 miles' from Kyushu, was taken by Ameri-| can patrols which covered the whole! island without encountering anyi Japanese troops. The Tokyo radio had claimed "heavy fighting” was in progress there when it reported American landings last Tuesday. (The Tokyo radio today said several American destroyers and minesweepers made a coastal reconnaissance of Okinoerabu Island, 40 miles west of Okinawa and about 275 miles south of Kyushu, southernmost Japanese home island. (Another Tokyo broadcast yes terday said B-29s raided the southwest area of Hokkaido Island and one was damaged by interceptors.) Wide Destruction to Plants. The 21st Bomber Command, an nouncing the Kudumatsu raid, dis closed that since the big bombers began hitting oil installations on Japan May 10 they have caused the following destruction: Koriyama chemical plant, 73 per cent destroyed; Hodagaya chemical plant at Koriyama, 59 per cent: Otake oil refinery, 45 per cent; Tokuyama naval oil storage and Tokuyama synthetic fuel plant, all oil storage tanks knocked out, 50 per cent of plants’ roof area de stroyed and 32 per cent of the by product storage tanks wiped out; Oshima naval oil storage facilities at Tokuyama, 70 per cent of the storage tanks and 90 per cent of the buildings destroyed. Photo reconnaissance assessment of the damage done the Utsube River oil refinery near Yakkaichi in a raid before midnight June 26 has not yet been completed. The raid at Kudumatsu followed a predawn strike Friday by nearly 500 Super Forts at the big naval base of Sasebo and two other port cities on Kyushu and the industrial city of Okayama on Honshu, which started such big fires they cast a glow through the obscuring clouds. The Kudumatsu strike was the fourth B-29 raid on Japan in a week. Search Planes Also Active. Fleet search planes, which al ready have sunk or damaged ap proximately 290,000 tons of enemy shipping in enemy home waters, also were active yesterday. They sank a small cargo ship south of Honshu, and hit warehouses and railroad tunnels at Katsuura Har bor, southeast of Tokyo, fleet head quarters said in today's commu nique. In Manila, Gen. MacArthur to day reported that "blockading pa trol planes” dealt blows at oil stores! around Shanghai, China; hit docks at Canton, destroyed or damaged railroad bridges, transportation equipment and other installations in the Indo China-Hainan sector and set a freighter afire in the Chu kai River of Malaya. \ Other planes made the “milk run” to Formosa, sinking a medium freighter-transport, destroying eight luggers and leaving a minelayer dead in the water. On Formosa, barracks at Tainan were destroyed Three additional men from the District area have been re ported killed in this war. See “On the Honor Roll." Page A-2 (See PACIFIC, Page A-2.) House Probe of UNRRA Is Asked by Dirksen By the Associated Press. Representative Dirksen, Repub lican, of Illinois today introduced a resolution to create a five-man House committee to investigate the United Nations Relief and Rehabili tation Administration. “Congress appropriated $450,000, 000 of an authorized $1,350,000,000 for this activity and before other funds are appropriated it is time to take a good look at this agency,” Mr. Dirksen said in a statement. “Some very capable top-flight men have quit UNRRA in sheer disgust. Considering its objectives, UNRRA if badly administered can earn for us a large measure of ill-will and contempt which would require years to offset.” “UNRRA has developed an odor and the time is at hand to care fully audit its personnel, its accounts and its activities." Earth Tremors Recorded NEW YORK, June 30 OR.—Earth tremors 2,900 miles southwest of here of “fairly sharp” intensity were recorded early today on the Ford ham University seismograph. Four New Cabinet Members Take Oaths of Office Today Anderson, Schwellenbach, Hannegan And Clark Joining Official Family By the Associated Press. Soon to be joined by a fifth, four new cabinet officers named by President Truman arranged today to take their oathtf of office. Representative Clinton P. Ander son, Democrat, of New Mexico be comes Secretary of Agriculture; As sistant Attorney General Tonf C. Clark of Texas, Attorney General; Federal Judge Lewis B. Schwellen bach of Washington State, Secre tary of Labor, and Robert E. Han negan of Missouri, Postmaster Gen eral. A new Secretary of State to suc seed Edward R. Stettinius, Jr., will be nominated by the President Mon day or Tuesday. James F. Byrnes of South Carolina, former war mobilization director, Supreme Court justice and Senator, is in the forefront of speculation for this portfolio. Rutledge to Swear in Anderson. Mr. Anderson, who succeeds Claude Wickard, will be sworn at 4 p.m. by Associate Justice Rutledge of the Supreme Court. Justice Rutledge once taught school in Mr. Anderson’s home town of Albuquer que. Justice Rutledge administered the oath at noon to Mr. Hanne gan, successor to Frank Walker, In the Post Office Department. Judge Thurman Arnold of the Court of Appeals, a former Assistant At torney General, was to swear in Mr. Clark at 2:30 p.m. at the Justice Department. He succeeds Francis Biddle. Judge Schwellenbach took the oath at noon from Federal Judge Sherman Minton, former Indiana Senator, as the successor to Miss Frances Perkins. * Other Changes Rumored. . The reshuffled cabinet, Which may get more new blood if rumored changes in the War, Treasury and Interior portfolios are made, will represent both a geographical shift and a decentralization of some of the authority excercised by the late President Roosevelt. Five of the 10-man cabinet hail from west of the Mississippi River. These include the four named by Mr. Truman and one of the Roose velt holdovers, Secretary of Com merce Wallace, whose home is in Iowa. Most of President Roosevelt’s cabinet came from the East and Midwest. At one time five cabinet members were New Yorkers. Balikpapan Shelled By 50 Allied Ships, Tokyo Radio Reports Action Is Described As Preliminary to 'Imminent Landing' By the Associated Press. MANILA, June 30.—An Allied fleet of 50 ships pounded Bor neo’s oil refining city of Balik papan all day yesterday and poured more shells into shore de fenses today in preparation for | an “imminent landing,” the ! Tokyo radio reported today. The enemy account said Allied ; mine sweepers were clearing waters offshore, braving the fire of Japa nese shore batteries, which Domel agency described as "heavy.” The Japanese said other small Allied craft, moving in under cover of the “furious bombardments,” had neared the shore for “close and | careful reconnaissance.” The broadcast was unconfirmed, although Gen. MacArthur acknowl edged today that guns of “light naval units’ have taken up the bombardment of the oil-rich Eastern Borneo coast. Landing Called “Imminent.” Domei reiterated that an Allied landing in the Balikpapan area is “imminent,” and said “since the night of June 25, enemy warships and planes have been engaged in a continuous reconnaissance of our coastal positions.” Eight cruisers, 10 destroyers, minesweepers and sub chasers "carry out furious bombard ments against coastal installations,” the dispatch added. Gen. MacArthur said last night naval units raided shore targets on Borneo, south of Tarakan Island, at night after combined 5th, 13th and RAAF attacks Thursday dumped 281 tons of bombs on Balikpapan’s warehouse district. The total bomb load dropped in the past two weeks is more than 2,500 tons. The steady red glow of mount ing flames at Balikpapan undoubt edly is not due entirely to attacks, however. The enemy doubtless has been sabotaging oil wells there as he did at Seria and Miri, North Borneo petroleum centers where Australian salvage crews already are at work. Aussies Hold iza-fliue Area. Australians now hold 125 miles of coastline in North Borneo and Sarawak, the Melbourne radio said. Oil wells on recaptured Tarakan, off Borneo’s east coast, already are pumping fuel into Allied storage tanks—two months after D day. Meanwhile, in the Philippines, in the Davao area of Mindanao, the first sizable haul of Japanese civil ians surrendered to American troops. Associated Press Correspondent Richard Bergholz in a dispatch from 8th Army headquarters said 75 Japa nese women and children walked into American lines to be interned. Whether they have been held behind Japanese lines since Davao fell to Americans two months ago was not made clear. Poorly clothed and hungry, but not starving, they were taken into custody by elements of Lt. Col. Les ter W’heeler’s 34th Infantry Regi ment, which captured Klbangay. Only 161 of an estimated 17,000 Japanese civilians In the Davao area have surrendered. In Eastern Mindanao, a small force of 31st (Dixie) Division Dough boys moved steadily up the wild Agusan Valley in a drive to contact remnants of Japan’s 30th Division. Two Killed, 26 Injured In Michigan Rail Wreck By the Associated Press. JACKSON, Mich., June 30.—A New York Central freight train struck a passenger train in the depot at Eaton Rapids, 20 miles northwest of here, at 3:30 a.m. to day, killing the freight engineer and brakeman. Twenty-six persons aboard the passenger train, which State police said was standing in the depot, were Injured, none seriously. Found dead in the wreckage were David Greer of Grand Rapids, the freight engineer, and his brakeman, R. O. Rhoades, also of Grand Rapids. Fireman L. J. Hotchkiss leaped to safety. Among the injured was P. J. Le miere, Jackson, conductor of the pas senger train, who suffered a broken clavicle. Former American Base At Liuchow Retaken, Chinese Announce High Command Confirms Fall of Kwangsi City After Bitter Fighting By tbe Associated Press. CHUNGKING, June 30.—The Chinese high command an nounced today ''that Chinese troops recaptured Liuchow, for mer American 14th Air Force base, at midnight last night. The recapture of the strategic Kwangsi Province Junction city came after bitter fighting through its suburbs. The center of the city, in flames for a week or more, was de stroyed, the Chinese said. The announcement followed an earlier official denial of what was termed a premature report that the city had been retaken. The Japanese had been in control of vital Liuchow since last No vember when the 14th Air Force abandoned the base. Kweilin Threatened. Kweilin, more than 100 miles to the northeast of Liuchow, which also was among the bases aban doned by the 14th Air Force at that time, now is directly threat ened by other Chinese forces, who last were reported within 10 miles of the city. A Chinese Army spokesman said a Chinese arc was being pushed down from the north and northwest within 10 to 18 miles of the city. The Liuchow airfield in the south ern suburbs was retaken by the Chinese on Wednesday in heavy fighting, while the center of the city itself was in flames. With the reoccupation of Liuchow, delayed a rear guard resistance by about 1,000 enemy troops, the Kwei chow-Kwangsi Railroad became the first rail line in China partly or totally held by the enemy to revert entirely to Chinese control. Repairs, of course, will be necessary. Jap Moves Uncertain. Chinese quarters predicted the Japanese would contract their posi tions on the Hunan-Kwangsi (Hengyang-Liuchow) Railroad to a point about 120 miles southwest of Hengyang. They said the enemy intention appeared at present to protect the vital Hong Kong-Han kow corridor which if Severed would isolate Japanese forces In the Hong Kong and Canton areas. The high command announced belatedly that Chinese troops on June 24 had recaptured Chung fhingfu on the Kwangsi-Indo-China frontier nortneast of the important Indo-China town of Caobang. France and Russia Sign Repatriation Accord Bt the Associated Press. LONDON, June 30.—The Moscow radio announced yesterday that France and Russia had signed an agreement for the immediate re patriation of Soviet and French citi zens, with each government provid ing for the transportation and care of the other’s nationals under its control. House Approves OPA Extension; Vote Is 255-94 Action Prevents Agency From Expiring At Midnight BULLETIN. The House today saved the Price Control Act from ex piring at midnight by passing the one-year extension, 255 to 94. By J. A. O’LEARY. The House appeared ready to vote final approval of a one-year extension of the Price Control Act early this afternoon to save the agency from dying at mid night. At the same time reliable reports from the Senate indicated the log jam on the supply bill for 16 impor tant civilian war agencies may be broken before evening by a lifting of the filibuster against the Fair Employment Practice Committee which has stymied that bill for three days. Taking up the OPA conference report shortly before 11 a.m., the House limited debate to one hour and 30 minutes. Spence Appeals for Bill. Chairman Spence of the House Banking Committee appealed to the chamber to accept the compromise, conferring limited new powers over wholesale food prices to the incom ing Secretary of Agriculture, Rep resentative Anderson of New Mex ico. He also urged the Kuuse to sup port the conferees in knocking out the Dirksen amendment which would have thrown OPA price orders open to the possibility of Injunction suits in all of the 85 Federal district courts, instead of confining price litigation to the Emergency Court of Appeals. Representative Andresen, Repub lican, of Minnesota appealed to the House to reject the conference report and instruct the conferees to bring back his original amend ment giving the new Secretary of Agriculture power to veto all past OPA orders affecting food prices within 90 days. He said it is the past orders that have created the food shortage and that chaos would continue under the compromise limiting the Secretary’s power to future price orders. The showdown will come, however, on adoption of the conference re port as a whole, and all indications are it will be approved. „ Most Urgent Bill. The House met at 10 a.m. to act on the final draft of the price con trol bill because that is the most urgent of the “must” bills. While many agencies would be technically without funds on which to operate Monday if the remaining money bills do not pass today. Con gress has met a similar situation in the past by a last-minute pro viso, legalizing all obligations in curred by officials after June 30. In the case of the Price Control House Plans Recess Next Week; Senate Stays for Charter By the Associated Press. Majority Leader McCormack told the House it may plan a long vacation, probably two months, at the conclusion of next week’s sessions, While the Senate may remain here during the summer months to act on the United Nations Charter, the House expects to clean up its legislative docket next week. Whether the House will take a straight adjournment until iround the middle of September or recess for three days at a time — with a "no business’’ agreement—has not been de cided finally. Act, however, leaders are anxious to avoid any lapse in the agency’s authority. Presidential Press Secretary Charles G. Ross said in Kansas City that the President would sign the meas ure if it gets to him before midnight. It is probable that the same plane waiting to take the price control bill to the President also will carry the big Army appropriation bill, which was completed yesterday, making (38,6204104,581 available to push the fight against Japan during the year starting tomorrow. Besides the filibuster-bound civil (See CONGRESS, Page A-10.) Zoo Outrates Veterans 'Agency In Clerical Priorities, I jams Says By CARTER BROOKE JONES. The War Production Board placed the personnel priority of the Vet erans’ Administration in Class 5, “the lowest classification given any department of the Government,” CoL George E. Ijams, assistant vet erans’ administrator, told the House Veterans’ Committee in a statement added to the hospital investigation record today. In fact, Col. Ijams told the com mittee, the agency was listed “just below the Washington Zoo insofar as our personnel requirements were concerned.” He added that “constant attempts were made to place the Veterans’ Administration hospitals and homes on a parity with Army and Navy institutions, but without success.” In the matter of supplies and equip ment, col. Ijams said: “We were continually struggling with the WPB in an effort to secure priorities rated high enough to effect deliveries within a reasonable period of time.” It was not until the GI Bill of Rights was passed a year ago that the Veterans’ Administration began to get any help in meeting needs for personnel, supplies and equipment, he said. -Restrictions then were liberalized, he explained, and the agency was given priorities com parable or just under the Army and Navy, though it still is con fronted with great handicaps in meeting its heavy requirements. Col. Ijams, a layman, who is in charge of medical care, construction and supplies, denied that the medi cal division of the Veterans’ Admin istration was placed in a subordi nate position, as several doctors in private practice, members of the Medical Advisory Council, testified. “Hie medical director,” he insist ed, "is the supreme medical author ity, and I have never known any one who has even suggested to him how clinical medicine should be practiced or how patients should be treated in Veterans’ Administration hos pitals. Col. Ijams said he felt the state (See JONES, Page A-2.) ^Tf YOU WANT TO IU.USTRATETHOSE FINE 1|RS= f SPEECHES FOR RATIFICATION OF THE CHARTER, % _ THERE ARE THE PICTURES. i ,?>TTTfllrfIU»****»rEnrr'* --t 3jEBSiS555fe ffl EXHIBITION Hj GermSatrocity Ky PICTURES jjjg 44-Hour Work Week Urged by Civil Service And Budget Officials Favor Reduction for All Except Army, Navy and Veterans' Administration By JOSEPH YOUNG. Civil Service Commission and Budget Bureau officials have de cided to recommend to President Truman that the 48-hour Fed eral work week be reduced to 44 hours in all agencies except the War and Navy Departments and the Veterans' Administration, it was learned today. The recommendations, agreed on yesterday at a meeting attended by top Government officials, will be presented to Mr. Truman on his return here this week end. It is expected the War and Navy Departments will be instructed to take steps immediately to cut hours where it can be done without ham pering the war effort. Army and Navy officials have complained to Budget Bureau officials that a blanket reduction to 44 hours would be a handicap. The Office of Price Administration and the Treasury Department also have objected to the cut in hours, but the protests were overruled. Mr. Truman is not expected to take action on the proposals until early next week. Government agency heads had hoped that the reduction in hours could coincide with the July 1 effective date of the pay raise legislation in order to make the huge bookkeeping job less complicated. v It is expected that the reduced work week would result in Saturday afternoons off for Government workers. Advocates of the shorter week have charged that “little or no work” is done in Federal agencies on Saturday afternoons. Representative Rees, Republican, of Kansas said today that if ihe reduced work week is not ordered by next week he would seek such an economy move by legislative action. The Senate fight for the reduced work week is led by Senator Byrd, Democrat, of Virginia. Sweltering Week End Indicated for D. C. (Picture on Page A-10.) Washington faces the prospect of a sweltering week end, with the temperature expected to stay in the middle 90s, the Weather Bureau said today. Earlier, the District forecaster had promised relief from the heat in the form of thundershowers tonight. Later, however, it was announced that rain was only a “very remote” possibility. The temperature reached a low of 77 degrees at 5:30 a.m. today, but by noon the mercury had soared to 91. The official forecast is for continued “hot and humid” weather. Between noon and 1 pm. the tem perature jumped four degrees to 95. The season’s high mark of 97 degrees at 2:05 p.m. yesterday left two heat exhaustion victims still in hospitals today. The two heat victims were On Moy, a 63-year-old Chinese, of 3856 Thirty-fourth street, Mount Rainier, Md„ who was taken to Casualty Hospital, and Hazel Brown, colored, 35, of 641 Lamont street N.W., taken to Georgetown Hospital. Late Bulletin Charter Hearings July 9 The Senate Foreign Rela tions Committee decided to day to open hearings on the United Nations Charter July 9. The first witness probably will be former Secretary of State Stettinius, who will be the United States representa tive on the Security Council. The hearings will be open to the public and will be held in the majority caucus room of the Senate Office Building. (Earlier Story on Page A-3.) Federal Pay Bill Signed by Truman In Kansas City By a Star Stall Correspondent. | KANSAS CITY, Mo., June 30.—President Truman today signed the Federal pay bill pro viding Government workers with over-all basic wage in creases of 15.9 per cent and regular time-and-a-half over time. About 1,400,000 Government employes are affected by the measure. Basic pay increases range from 20 to 5 per cent, de pending on the total wage. The overtime rate for work in ex cess of 40 hours is changed from time and one-twelfth to full time and a half, computed on the first $2,980 of salary. The bill went to the White House last Tuesday. Truman Seeks Unity On Foreign Policy; Landon Backs Plan Kansan Tells President Farm Price Trouble Is 'State of Mind' By J. A. FOX, Bur Staff Cc-respondent. KANSAS CITY, Mo., June 30. —President Truman is giving | increasing attention to world affairs as the time nears for his first meeting with the Big Three and the Senate prepared to act on the United Nations Charter. In a 45-minute conference here late yesterday with former Gov. Alf M. Landon of Kansas, the President advised the 1936 Republican presi dential candiate that he wanted to develop an American foreign policy that would unite both parties be hind it and provide a continuity in America's foreign relations that would prevail regardless of differ ences on domestic questions, or of any change in administration, over a period of years. The Kansan told newsmen of the President's hope as he left the meet ing in the Muehlebach Hotel. The statement attracted added interest because of the President’s call for American leadership in the main tenance of world peace in a speech here Thursday night when Jackson County’s two-day homecoming cele bration for Mr. Truman was con cluded. Will Leave Early Tomorrow. Mr. Truman followed up that speech by doing some work yester day on the message which will ac company presentation of the Charter to the Senate Monday, but there still was no word on whether the President would deliver the message in person or send it to the Capitol. That point may be cleared up here late today, as the President gets ready to return to the Cap ital. He is due to depart early to morrow in the plane that carried him into the Northwest and to San Francisco. Within the next two weeks he is (See TRUMAN, Page A-10.) WLB Warns Strikers In Goodyear Plants Of Loss of Benefits Taylor Says Board May Modify Union Contract Unless Workers Return By the Associated Press. The War Labor Board, in an unprecedented move, threatened today to withdraw cherished union contract rights from 16, 700 rubber workers at Akron, Ohio, unless they end their two week-old strike promptly. Chairman George W. Taylor, in a statement addressed to the strik ers at five Goodyear Tire St Rubber plants, warned that the board will consider whether it should modify its directive orders regarding main tenance of membership and check off, shift premium and vacations unless work is resumed immedi ately. Mr. Taylor said this action would be studied in executive ses sion Monday unless the strike ends in the meantime. "In view of your local union offi cers’ defiance of the Government and their refusal to use the orderly procedure of the board," Mr. Taylor said, “a question arises whether maintenance of membership, check off of dues and retroactive payment of shift premium and vacations should be withdrawn.” Departments Canceled. This was the second major move threatened by the Government in its attempt to send the members oi the CIO-United Rubber Workers back to their jobs. William H. Davis, economic stabilization director, .yes terday directed cancellation of oc cupational deferments for draft registrants participating in the walk-out. Maj. Gen. Lewis B. Hershey, selective service director, promised "immediate steps” to carry out the Davis request and Ohio’s Gov. Frank J. Lausche today announced he had ordered State selective service of ficials to begin the inductions. C. V. Wheeler, local president of the CIO-United Rubber Workers at Akron, said in a wire to President Truman that Government agencies are using “un-American and un (See STRIDES, Page A-IOJ « - Un-American Committee To Probe Hollywood 'Plot' Bj the Associated Press. The House Committee on Un American Activities today ordered an investigation of what Acting Chairman Rankin called a "danger ous plot” to overthrow the Govern ment. Reports reaching the committee, Mr. Rankin said in a statement, are to the effect that headquarters of the group involved are in Hollywood. The Mississippian, serving as chairman in the absence of Repre sentative Hart, Democrat, of New Jersey, said investigators would be sent to the West Coast immediately. “The information we get,” Mr. Rankin said, "is that this is the greatest hotbed of subversive activ ities in the United States.” He refused further information. Murals on Nazi Atrocities Go On Exhibition This Afternoon A gruesome exhibit of German atrocity pictures opens this after noon at the Library of Congress in the form of a display of large photo murals and a showing of War De partment motion pictures. The for mal program is set for 3:30 pm. The photomurals, arranged in the ground floor exhibition galleries, will remain on view for two weeks. The motion pictures, which will be given their first public showing in the Coolidge Auditorium of the Library, also will be presented free to the public in the same auditorium on Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday afternoons. Later they also will be screened at selected public schools throughout the District in a schedule to be announced tomorrow morning. Approved by congressional, mili tary, civic, educational and religious leaders for showing to adults only, the motion pictures will be pre sented without charge as vivid evi dence of German cruelties perpe trated on the civilian population in Nazi concentration camps of several countries. But it has been agreed that children under 16 will not be admitted to the movies. In addi tion to the atrocity films, there also will be shown, both at the Library of Congress and at school buildings later, an orientation pic ture of the War Department, de signed to warn our occupation troops about the dangers of Nazidom and the German ideology. The motion pictures will be screened publicly for the first time at the Library at about 4:15 pm. to day, following the brief program of addresses by members of Congress and others opening the exhibition. There will be two afternoon shows daily for the public at 2:30 pm. and at 4 pm. on Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday at the Coolidge Auditorium «f the Library of Con gress. No admission will be charged at any time to the motion pictures. For the benefit of the staff of the (See ATROCITIES, Page A-2.) ~ Foes of FEPC Agree to Drop Filibuster Southerners Think They Have Votes To Block Funds BULLETIN. Southern Senators dropped their filibuster against the Fair Employment Practice Committee today. The South ern group expressed belief they had enough votes to pre vent attachment of the FEPC amendment to the civilian war agencies appropriation bill. Following a conference of Southern Democrats today, there were reliable indications that the filibuster against con tinuing the Fair Employment Practice Committee may be dropped this afternoon. Senator Bilbo. Democrat, of Mis sissippi, who began the fight against giving the agency any more funds, cold reporters there still has been no compromise. From other sources, however, it was learned that, even without any compromise on the amount of ap propriation or length of the exten sion, a vote probably would be per mitted on the issue. Test on Rule Suspension. The first, test would come on a mo tion to suspend the rules, which is necessary before any funds for the agency can be voted on. It requires two-thirds of those present to sus pend the rules, and it was not cer tain whether the opponents had lined up more than one-third to block it. Senator Bilbo ridiculed the sug gestion that FEPC be given $250,000 for the new fiscal year which be gins tomorrow, instead of its present $446,200 operating fund. He and many other Southerners want to kill the agency outright. To that end they have filibustered three days and resume their talkathon today. Senator Bilbo sniffs at people who call the flibuster a filibuster. | Senator Johnston, Democrat, of : South Carolina made arrangements to gain recognition first thing today to carry on the speechifying. Meanwhile. Senator Taft termed the FEPC proceedings “another il lustration of the fact that Demo cratic leadership has failed to sup port legislation beneficial to the I Negroes, despite pretense to the con j trary.” ; “The Negroes,” Senator Taft said in a statement, “will begin to realize that their best hope is in their his toric friend, the Republican party." He contended the Democratic lead ership "has actually been aiding ^the Southern Democrats' filibuster against FEPC.” Eastland Carries On. Senator Eastland, Democrat, of Mississippi, carrying on the filibus j ter late yesterday, injected into the long discussion an assertion that Negro troops rre "an utter and abysmal failure." Flailing his arms, the Mississip pian declared “high-ranking gen erals” had told him on a recent European trip that the Negro troops would neither work nor fight. In Normandy, he shouted, they i criminally assaulted members of the families of French farmers. "And were asked here,” he said, i “to set up an unfair preference against a white soldier solely be cause the Negro minority sells its votes to the highest bidder in a political campaign. If it weren’t for political considerations, this meas ure wouldn't get 10 votes in the Senate.” Galleries Filled. Only a half-dozen Senators were on the floor as Senator Eastland spoke, but the galleries were filled with visitors who had turned out in a frolicsome mood to see how a fllli-' buster works. Senator Eastland said the 92d (Negro) Division, had the best training and best equipment; it also had Negro officers whom the gen (See FEPC. Page A-2j RFC Official, Pilot Hurt in Airport Crash A Reconstruction Finance Corp. official and a woman pilot, also em ployed by RFC, were injured when their single-engine plane crashed on a take-off from National Airport shortly after 8 am. today. Seriously injured was Miss Mo zelle I. Simpson, 26-year-old pilot, who went to work in the RFC sur plus aircraft division June 6. Her passenger was George Sha piro, 31, industrial analyst in the same division of RFC, who was set ting out on an extensive trip to check on surplus property on Army airfields in Arizona, Texas and California. Witnesses said the pilot appar ently lost control on the take-off when the plane was about 25 feet off the grbund. The left wing dipped, struck the turf and the plane cartwheeled about 1,000 feet across the field before the fuselage snapped in two just back of the cockpit. The two victims were rushed to Providence Hospital, where Miss Simpson was said to be in serious but not critical condition, suffering from a possible fractured skull and multiple deep cuts of the head, face and neck. She fives at 3100 Forty fourth street N.W. y The hospital said Mr. Shapiro was in good condition. He suffered a possible fractured arm and cuts about the eyes. He has been with last October and lives at 1020 Nineteenth street N.W. A Smoke Generator to Protect American Fighting Men Costs $2,165. Buy Another Bond Today.