Newspaper Page Text
Partly cloudy, occasional showers today. Pair tomorrow, continued moderately warm. -«*> Temperatures yesterday — High, 80, at 1 p.m.; low, 70, at 3 a.m. United State! Weather Bureau Report. Home Delivery The Evening and Sunday Star is delivered by carrier in the city and suburbs at 90c per month when 4 Sundays; $1.00 per month when 5 Sundays. Telephone NA. 9000 An Associated Press Newspaper No. 2,102-No. 36,962. WASHINGTON, D. C., JULY 15, 1945-NINETY-EIGHT PAGES. * Washiniton mt’vr r,T7,XTrrQ IS CXNT8 and Suburbs X-EjlN Elsewhere NEWEST BATTLESHIPS SHELL JAPAN AGAIN * ■.■Ill —I— ■ I II— I . — ■ l.l I .1. .1 ■■ I I — - ■'■■■ ' ■■ ' w Second Big Task Force Strikes Aldng With 1,000 Carrier Planes Steel Mill Port Hit; ‘250 Miles From Site of First Blow hy the Associated Press. GUAM, Sunday, July 15.—The newest, most powerful battle ships of the United States Navy today shelled Japan’s second ranking steel-producing port city of Muroran on Hokkaido, more than 250 miles north of the scene of the fleet bombard ment on Honshu yesterday. Simultaneously more than 1,000 carrier plane? of the fleet were striking Northern Japan for the second day at as yet undisclosed locations Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, an nouncing this spectacular extension of the air and sea bombardment of the Japanese main islands, said the great battleships Iowa, Missouri and Wisconsin were participating and that the action, which began at 9:35 a.m.. Japanese time (8:35 p.m., Saturday, Eastern War Time), w-as continuing. Late radio flashes direct from the fleet, however, said the bombard ment had been concluded success fully, with the target thoroughly plastered. This did not necessarily mean, however, that the fleet’s of fensive operations were concluded. Admiral Nimitz, issuing a special communique after receiving a brief flash from Admiral William F. Hal sey, in command of the 3d Fleet, named the destroyers McGowan, Norman Scott and Remey as par ticipating. Reports from the scene said cruisers also shelled the vicin ity, although Admiral Nimitz named none. Gunfire Notably Accurate. Accuracy of the gunfire was notable, with the Iowa's first 16-inch ranging round striking only 100 yards off her chosen target, even though it was over a hill, out of Bight of observers in the ship. Spotting planes overhead called repeatedly “no change” as the broad sides of high-explosive shells, 10 tons at a time from each ship's nine, main guns, crashed into the mills of the war-boomed enemy city of more than 100,000 population. No Report of Resistance. Naming the three 45,000 - ton battleships indicated that at least two strong task forces of the 3d Fleet were roaming practically at will up and down the Japanese coasts. There was no report of Japanese resistance. Yesterday Admiral Nimitz an nounced the bombardment of Ka maishi on Honshu Island by the Battleships Massachusetts, Indiana and South Dakota, two heavy cruisers and four destroyers. Those ships and the carrier planes of the fleet set Kamaishi afire, destroyed or damaged 87 Jap anese planes and destroyed or dam aged 39 enemy ships plus destruc tion of 27 locomotives and railway facilities in yesterday’s strikes, Ad miral Nimitz said, despite unfavor able weather. Bold Challenge to Japs. Admiral Nimitz in an earlier com munique, however, had said that both the surface forces and the planes were hitting the enemy again. Actually, he announced the shore bombardment hours before it was confirmed by reports from the fleet —boldly telling the Japanese that the United States fleet was going to strike again—an unprecedented action. The bombardment then began at Three additional men from the District area have been re- J ported killed in this war. See I "On the Honor Roll,’’ Page A-2. (See FLEET, Page A-4.) Gen. Gamelin Gives Inside View of Why French Army Failed On May 10, 1940, Maurice Gustaye Gamelin was the commander of France’s “greatest army in the world.” Nine days later Gamelin was relieved, his armies in dazed retreat. Dunkerque was just ahead. France, adver tised since World War I as the greatest of all military pow ers, actually was found un prepared. Much of the bickering dis unity, the fifth columning and the defeatism involved in one of history’s greatest national collapses is well known. But not until now has Gen. Game lin, head of the French Army from 1935 to May 19, 1940, spoken. Now, in the first newspaper articles he ever has written, he discusses some of the im mediate factors in France’s downfall which have puzzled both military and political observers for years. Gen. Gamelin has written five chapters on an enthrall ing period in history, exclu sively for the Associated Press. The Star will publish the first tomorrow. 'Military Politics' Is Blamed In Resignation of Chennault General Relegated to Subordinate Position After 8 Years' Unique Service in Far East The following dispatch filed before the announcement yes terday of the resignation of Maj. Gen. Claire Lee Chennault. reveals many important and interesting facts behind the military situation in China which apparently led to Gen. Chennault's far-reaching de cision. By CLYDE A. FARNSWORTH, Associated Press Staff Correspondent. KUNMING, China (Delayed).—The reorganization of the American air effort in the China theater, just announced, is likely to have a deep though politely cloaked effect on Chinese-Americari relations as well as th6ir joint war potential. In addition it may lead to the resignation of Maj. Gen. Claire Lee Chennault from his unique dual position in the China theater Gen. Chennault not only com-' mands the 14th Air Force but is con currently chief of staff of the Chi nese Air Force. It was learned unofficially that Gen. Chennault. relegated by Wash ington to a subordinate role after eight years service as one American closest to Generalissimo Chiang Kai shek, probably will ask to go home “on points.” While his request may be granted amid all sorts of official regrets and compliments it will remain the homegoing of a man sidetracked by his own superiors yet discouraged by military protocol from publicly speaking his mind as to effects of the new setup on the Chinese-Amer ican war effort, let alone its bearing on relations with Chungking or or personal prestige. For all immediate purposes mov ing of additional air force person nel and equipment into China from the India-Burma theater is bound to mean some dissipation of pres ent potentiality in supplies which for Gen. Chennault’s 14th alone are so severely restricted. (Three lines censored.) It’s worth noting and no doubt permissible under security restric tion, since the fact has been nega tively recorded in the 14th's own published operations reports, that Gen. Chennault’s strategical bom bardment group of big gas-consum (Continued on Page A-4, Column 2.) Johnson Waives Right To Judicial Pension, Ending Investigation Declines to Continue Testimony; Impeachment Move Weighed By the Associated Press. Albert W. Johnson yesterday surrendered his rights as a for mer Federal judge, abruptly ending a congressional hearing into his conduct. A House Judiciary subcommit tee will begin deliberation this week to determine if impeachment ac tion should be recommended against him. The five-day public hearing was closed unexpectedly when the 72 year-old Lewisburg (Pa.) jurist called quits to a prolonged cross examination and renounced his $10,000-a-year pension. He planned to go home. Judge Johnson had appeared voluntarily as a witness before ju diciary committee members inquir ing into his conduct during 20 years on the Federal bench. Declines to Resume Stand. After nearly four hours of in tensive questioning Friday into his sources of income and his handling of receivership cases, Judge John son declined to resume the stand yesterday. His letter waiving rights to the pension under the Judicial Retire ment Act came later. “I have tendered my resignation as United States district judge of the Middle District of Pennsylvania to the President of the United States, which was accepted on July 3, 1945,” the letter to the committee stated. "I herewith now further renounce and relinquish any right, including financial benefits, that I may have under the retirement provisions of the act of Congress * * *” Judge Johnson then cited the act he had invoked in his letter of resignation to Mr. Truman claim ing the $10,000 pension allowed all Federal judges 70 or over who re (See JUDGE, Page A-10.) 28 in Wildcat Strike At Dairies Lose Jobs About 28 milk truck helpers, who yesterday staged a short-lived wild cat strike, have been fired from their jobs and face expulsion from their union, union officials said last night. Confirmation could not be ob tained from the dairies involved. Robert Lester, president of the Teamster’s Joint Council, said the union and company action had come independently, following the early morning strike of the work ers. A wholesale strike was averted by union officials, drivers of the trucks and representatives of the employers, and distribution of milk continued normally. Mr. Lester said the men would have no union recourse over the loss of their jobs because the strike had been without backing or sanc tion of the Milk Wagon Drivers Union, Local 246. , The strike was caused, he said, over discontent with a new con tract recently signed between the union and the dairies. The helpers made no objection to their pay scale at the time the contract was signed, he said, but that since then they had been "grumbling and ask ing for more money." Allied Troops Allowed To Talk to Germans In Public Places Eisenhower, Montgomery Lift Fraternization Ban; 'Dating' Still Barred By the Associated Press. LONDON. July 14.—The non fraternization policy was relaxed today to allow American, British and Canadian occupation troops in Germany and Austria to talk with grownups in the streets and in public places. Up to now, they could speak only to children. The penalty for viola tion was a $65 fine. Almost identical statements by Gen. Eisenhower and Field Marshal Montgomery disclosed the policy change, which had been debated on the highest levels in the last month by American and British leaders. The action came as Gen. Eisen hower’s headquarters announced that 50,000 persons had been ar rested in two months in Germany I in a de-Naziflcation program by I United States Army security ioices operating in the American occupa tion zone. The announcement said the arrests were continuing at the rate of 700 daily. Dates Not Permitted. Even before the fraternization ban was officially modified, Ameri can troops were smiling and hold ing hands with frauleins in the cafes of Berlin, where Russian ruies control. The Russians never had any regulation against talking with Germans. The new rules, however, do not say soldiers can date frauleins. One British senior staff officer, agreeing that the wording of the announcement seemed to give a wide range fdr discretion, said he would interpret the orders to mean that soldiers could not walk arm in arm with ffauleins, or take them to public places to drink beer. If they were sitting in a cafe with a fraulein, he said, it would be hard to prove who bought the beer. Presumably, too, British soldiers could attend a public German dance. There was a question, though, whether they could hold the frauleins in their arms and $wing around the dance floor. One British officer said the change simply was to put soldiers on “smiling and talking terms” with the Germans. Gen. Mark Clark, saying the (See FRATERNIATION, Page A-5.) Truman Leaves Ship in Antwerp This Morning Simplest Ceremony Decreed; Potsdam Talks Open Monday By ERNEST B. VACCARO, Associated Press Staff Correspondent. ABOARD CRUISER AUGUSTA WITH PRESIDENT TRUMAN, July 14.—President Truman, en route to the historic Big Three meeting at Potsdam, will arrive at Antwerp, Belgium, at 10 a.m. (British double summer time) tomorrow at the end of a 3,800 mile voyage. This was disclosed officially to ; night as the President’s two-ship task force moved on throngn the calm, but misty English Channel under escort of the British cruiser Birmingham and six destroyers, fly ing the Stars and Stripes from their j masthead and their own white en | signs aft. (Moscow dispatches said Pre mier Stalin and Foreign Com missar Molotov had left for the Big Three meeting.) Simple Ceremonies Ordered. The President, finishing work on United States proposals to be made to Premier Stalin and Prime Min ister Churchill at sessions starting Monday, decreed the simplest of ceremonies for tomorrow's debarka tion. He will be met by Charles Sawyer, United States Ambassador to Bel gHifli, and an honor guard from the 35th Division as he walks down the gangplank with James F. Byrnes, Secretary of State. The President and Mr. Byrnes will be piped off to gether, instead of separately, as dip lomatic custom permits. Upon leaving the ship two hours after it lands, the President and his official party will enter waiting auto mobiles for a 45-to-60-minute drive to Brussels where they will board the Presidential C-54 plane for the two and a half hour flight to Pots dam, near Berlin. Mr. Sawver will accompany the party as far as Brus sels. The route from Antwerp to Brus sels will be guarded by American soldiers. There will be no reception by the Belgium government since the area is included in the Allied military zone. Will Have 30-room Residence. The British men-of-war formed an escoit for the President’s ship and the accompanying cruiser, the Philadelphia, when they suddenly appeared out of the mist that hung over the English Channel at 7 a.m. (Greenwich mean time) today. They were to remain with the President’s task force until it left English wa ters tonight. The President’s top-ranking par ty will be quartered in a 30-room residence only a 10-minute drive from the former castle of ex-Kaiser Wilhelm where the conferences will be held. It is understood Mr. Truman is ready to offer the services of the United States in helping Europe get back on its feet. In return he wants assurances of peaceful co operation of European countries, who twice in three decades have seen the start of world wars on their continent. Security Forces Arrest 700 Nazis Daily By the Associated Press. PARIS, July 14.—Security forces of the United States Army have arrested nearly 50,000 Nazis in the last two months and are continuing the arrests at the rate of 700 a day, headquarters said today. All the group, including war criminals. Ges tapo members and others deemed a potential menace to security, have been placed in Jails or detention camps. Radio Programs, Page C-9 Complete Index, Page A-2 Navy Shifts 29 High Admirals In Prelude to JaD War SteDUD By WILLIAM J. WHEATLEY. Realignment of naval high commanders in apparent prepa ration for the final phases of the Pacific war yesterday led to the transfer of 29 flag officers to new posts. All of the shifts will be in effect within 30 days. The changes were not a “shake up,” Secretary of the Navy For restal said in announcing the shifts. They were made primarily to re lieve certain officers whose combat experience may be utilized in admin istrative posts in directing the clos ing phases of the conflict, he said Secretary Forrestal said no other changes in the high commands were contemplated at this time. He ex plained that a constant and careful check is being kept on the physical condition of fleet commanders, and] ■ ■ that cases where doctors find that commanders have reached the point where strain is telling they will be relieved, no matter how good their records. Heading the list of changes in the combat fleet is the relief of Vice Admiral Marc A. Mitscher, com mander of the 1st Carrier Task Force which has been pounding the Japanese homelands. Admiral Mitscher is to become deputy chief of naval operations for air. It is understood that when he comes here, he will be elevated to a four star admiral. Two outstanding air officers have been assigned to the fast carrier task forces. Rear Admiral Fred erick C. Sherman, Oklahoma City, Okla., now commander of a carrier division in the Pacific, relieves Ad-: miral Mitscher. Carrier Task Force (SeeNAVY, Page A-12.) I TWENTY-ONE MEMBERS OF THE COMMUTE SAY ITS O.K., AND I THINK WE CAN COUNT ON SHIPSTEAD. BUT I CAN'T DO \A THING WITH HIRAM ^ SENATE FOREIGN RELATIONS Committee Truman Will Speed Vinson's Nomination For Treasury Post Morgenthau Granted Request for Prompt Release From Office Br tin Associated Press. The White House disclosed yes terday that President Truman is speeding up his replacement of Henry Morgenthau, jr., as Secre tary of the Treasury. The accelerated action, taken at Mr. Morgenthau’s own request, a Presidential letter said, will result in the immediate transmission to the Senate of War Mobilization Di rector Fred M. Vinson’s nomination for the post. Previously, Mr. Thuman had planned to wait until his return from the Big Three conference in Germany, which, from recent indi cations, will be a protracted one. The White House released an ex change of letters between Secretary Morgenthau and the Chief Execu tive, the latter writing from the ship on which he is enroute to the Big Three meeting. Mr. Morgenthau told the President he thought “the delay we contem plated is no longer necessary but, on the contrary, may prove a handi cap to Judge Vinson.” Mr. Truman replied that he was inclined to agree. The text of Mr. Morgenthau’s letter to the President, as released by the White House, follows: “When I wrote to you on July 5, submitting my resignation as Secre tary of the Treasury, I agreed, at your request, to remain in office until your return from Europe. “I have been giving further thought to this matter, and now take the liberty of suggesting that you may wish to reconsider this arrangement. Since you have now made your decision as to my suc cessor, it seems to me that the delay we contemplated is no longer necessary but, on the contrary, may prove a handicap to Judge Vinson, for whom I have the highest ad miration. It is my earnest desire to be of every assistance to him in tak (See MORGENTHAU, Page A-9.) Belgian Leaders Return From Seeing Leopold By the AssocUted Pres*. « BRUSSELS, July 14.—Premier Achille van Acker returned tonight from King Leopold’s mountain re treat at St. Wolfgang, Austria, and announced that. the monarch had reached no decision on demands that he abdicate. (The Brussels radio said the Senate was summoned into spe cial session immediately after Premier van Acker’s arrival.) However, Premier van Acker said, there are hopes that King Leopold will have an announcement soon. With Premier van Acker on his arrival by plane was Minister of Justice Charles du Bus de War naffe. The Premier said King Leo pold’s mother, Queen Elizabeth, and his brother, Prince Regent Charles, would return tomorrow. Both have been conferring with him on the question of abdication._ The People's Clearing House The little "Want Ads” in The Star serve as a clearing house for the wants of the people. The results are evidently prompt and satisfactory as the number of advertisements has increased 20 per cent and more from last year. These little “Ads" are printed in the least possible space at minimum cost to the advertisers. All of these advertisements are voluntary with no annoy ance to the general public from solicitation. U. S. Troops Returning From Northern Canada WINNIPEG. Manitoba, July 14 (Canadian Press).—The first United States troops to be evacuated from the United States Army’s northern bases in Central Canada passed through Winnipeg this week on the way to the United States. Col. Jack Hodgson, commanding officer, United States Army Force in Central Can ada, announced today. * The men, stationed at Island Falls, Saskatchewan, are forerunners of a larger group due in early August. Later next month personnel sta tioned on wind-swept Southampton Island in Northern Hudson Bay will be flown here. WLB Orders Panel To Stop Handling Cases for Printers Action to Penalize ITU for Refusing to End Jersey Walkouts By the Associated Press. The War Labor Board yester day ordered suspension of con sideration by its Newspaper Commission of all pending vol untary agreements between pub lishers and the International Typographical Union (AFL) as a penalty for the union’s refusal to end walkouts at two New Jer sey newspapers. In an unusual decision following a show-cause hearing, the board said the union is violating public policy in declining to end the stop pages until the publishers of the Jersey Journal, Jersey City and the Bayonne (N. J.) Times accept the union’s new by-laws as part of the contract. Union officers contended such is sues are not subject to collective bargaining or the board’s authority. They said yesterday that they would see every newspaper compos ing room closed down before they budged from their position. 30 Cases Pending. Some 20 other cases, voluntary agreements between publishers and the printers, are pending before the board's newspaper commission in Chicago. These cases will be held up pend ing determination of whether they were negotiated under' the ITU policy, about whcih thi board com plained. If so found, the Board said it would refuse to approve such agree ments and would take on itself the job of writing the terms of the con tracts. It said it would regard such cases as disputes rather than vol untary agreements and decide them by applying the same criteria it normally uses in dispute cases. It will take into consideration for ex ample, in passing upon the ques tion of retroactivity of any and all wage adjustments, the “effects of the strike and of the policy” the board questions. Under present board policy, it will not order sick leave benefits and the like in dispute cases, but (See PRINTERS, Page A-3.) Ration Value of Butter Cut Down to 16 Points, | — Effective Immediately OPA Moves to Raise Consumption in Line With Growing Supplies By MALCOLM LAMBORNE, Jr. The ration value of butter was reduced last night by the Office of Price Administration to 16 points a pound, effectively im mediately, in a move to keep consumption in line with sup ' plies. Butter has been 24 points a pound since last December and recently has been reported ac cumulating in cold storage. Value of farm or country butter and of process butter will remain unchanged at 12 points a pound, OPA said. The agency announced recently that it was planning a “slight” re duction in butter value on July 29, when the new ration period begins. However, at the insistence of the butter industry and appar ently with the backing of Secre tary of Agriculture Anderson, OPA decided to act ahead of schedule. No Change in Margarine. OPA stressed, however, that if | butter moves too rapidly at 16 points, the point value will be in creased “in order to keep movement in line with the quantity allocated for civilians by the Department of Agriculture ” No change was made in the value of margarine, which now costs 14 points, only two less than butter. Price officials said the Agriculture Department estimates that the in crease in supply of butter as a result of reduced procurement by the armed forces will amount to about 10,000,000 pounds during Au gust alone. “It is believed that with the set aside reduced there will be enough butter to permit the point reduc tion, at the same time maintaining the good distribution -that has en abled consumers to find butter in most stores throughout the country in the last several months,” the agency stated. OPA also took the opportunity to answer recent congressional criti cism that butter was going bad for lack of consumer demand. “Mem bers of the industry say that to their knowledge there has-been no spoilage of butter in commercial storage,” the agency observed. Amends Distribution Order. In a second action yesterday the OPA amended its livestock slaugh ter and distribution order to permit slaughterers to adjust their distri bution of meat temporarily so that more may be shipped into areas that have sharp seasonal influxes of population. This would benefit resort areas, where population expands during the summer months. Meanwhile, the Feed Industry Council, following a meeting with Mr. Anderson and department of ficials, declared yesterday that poor com crop prospects this year pre clude any expansion during the (See BUTTER, Page A-13.) Inventors Can Get No Patents For First Time in 156 Years For the first time in its 156-year history, the patent office finds It self In the position of being unable to issue patents to inventors. The situation stems from the res ignation June 15 of Patent Com missioner Conway P. Coe. Since Mr. Coe’s resignation, Caspar Ooms has been nominated to be Patent Commissioner, but the Senate has not yet confirmed the nomination. That’s where the trouble eomes in. First Assistant Commissioner Les lie Frasier has been serving as act ing commissioner, but the law states that an acting commissioner can only serve for 30 days. Since no patents can be issued without the signature of the patent commissioner, patents will have to be withheld beginning tomorrow, pending Senate confirmation of Mr. Ooms. About 800 patents are issued a week. A Patent Office official said Mr. Coe notified the late President Roosevelt as far back as March 2 of his intention to resign in June. Mr. Ooms’ name was sent to the Senate three days ago. Officials said that should the Senate delay action on confirming Mr. Oooms the officials felt that the Patent Office would have a difficult time in ca,tching up on Issuance of patents. One more thing worries officials. They fear the wrath of inventors. “There’s no telling what an in ventor might do when he is denied his patent after we have promised it to him," an official remarked, i A Johnson to Vote Against Charter Ratification Millikin Decides To Support Pact; Connally Confident By J. A. O’LEARY. Senator Johnson. Republican, of California, who opposed American entry in the League of Nations in 1919. yesterday again voted “no” on the United Na tions Charter, but Chairman Connally of the Foreign Rela tions Committee predicted not more than six Senators will vote against ratification when the roll is called. Senator Johnson's decision was nullified last night by the announce ment of Senator Millikin, Repub lican, of Colorado, that he will vote for the Charter without reservations. He said he is taking that stand in view of assurances, developed by his questions during the hearings, that this country will have an oppor tunity to consider detailed safe guards in separate enactments after the world organization is set up. When the Foreign Relations Com mittee reported the Charter favora bly Friday, 20 to 0, three members were absent and unrecorded. Sena tor Murray, Democrat, of Montana, sent word yesterday he is voting “yes.” Shipstead Unrecorded. The decision of California’s vet eran isolationist, therefore, left the committee vote at 21 to 1, with Senator Shipstead, Republican, of Minnesota, still unrecorded. He was enroute to Washington yesterday and had not communicated with the committee. After the last war, opposition was strong enough to keep the United States out of the League. However, the Senate went on record 18 months ago, 85 to 5, in support of the principle of world co-operation for peace by adopting the Connally resolution. Indication* are the pending Charter will be ratified by the same, or larger, vote. Senator Connally has called an other meeting of the Foreign Re lations Committee for 2 pjn. to morrow to approve the text of the favorable report, after which the | Charter issue will be deferred for a week to enable the Senate to dis pose of: 1. The Bretton Woods world monetary agreement, which has passed the House and is expected to win Senate approval without amendment. Business lax Relief Bill. 2. The business tax relief bill, de signed to aid corporations in re conversion, by advancing the date of postwar tax rebates, and liberal izing the excess profits tax exemp tion from $10,000 to $25,000 in 1946. There also remains on the Senate schedule the House-approved bill increasing the lending powers of the Export-Import Bank from $700, 000.000 to $3,500,000,000. The Senate Banking Committee will start hear ings on this Tuesday. The House expects to complete its summer work by this week end. The Senate will start debate on the Charter July 23. and probably will ratify it by August 3, after which both branches of Congress will re cess until fall. Bushfield Undecided. There was a possibility last night that no Senator would take advan tage of the right to offer reserva tions to the Charter on the floor. Senator Bushfield, Republican, of (See CHARTER. Page A-10.) Italy Declares War On Japan, Former Ally By the Associated Press. ROME, July 14. — The Foreign Ministry announced tonight that Italy had declared war on Japan— her former Axis partner—effective tomorrow. The war declaration, a com munique said, was “another proof on the eve of the Potsdam Confer ence of Italy’s resolute will to fight regimes of aggression and mili tarist imperialism wherever they might be.”' Declaring that Italian national interests were not directly con cerned in the Far East, the gov ernment said that Italy neverthe less would contribute to the war in the Pacific with the “same cour age and sacrifice” with which she fought the Germans and Fascists for nearly two years after her sur render to the Allies. Italian Ambassador Alberto Tar ghiani hailed Italy’s declaration of war against Japan yesterday as a move to complete a “series of friend ly acts” to restore traditional friendship between Italy and the United States. WMAL to Broadcast Part of Symphony Earl Wild, guest pianist with the National Symphony Or chestra at the Water Gate to night, will be heard during a half-hour broadcast of the concert over Station WMAL beginning at 8:30 p.m. The broadcast portion of the all-Gershwin program will include the “Piano Concerto in F” and “Strike Up the Band.” Alexander Smallens will be guest conductor.