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Mostly sunny, warm today; brief shower possible in afternoon. Tomorrow fair, moderate. Temperatures—High, 85, at 1:30 pm.; low, 69, at 5:07 am. Yesterday—High, 82, at 2:15 pm.; low, 72, at 6:38 am. Lotc New York Markets, Page A-7 Guide for Readers Page. Alter Dark.B-S Amusements ...B-16 Comics.B-14-15 Editorial _A-4 Finance —.... A-7 Edit'l Articles—A-5 Page Lost and Fbund.A-3 Obituary ..A-« Radio —-B-15 Society.B-3 Sports .-A-#-l® Woman’s Page.B-1® ' An Associoted Press Newspaper 93d YEAE. No. 36,984. Phone NA. 5000. v. WASHINGTON, D. C., TUESDAY, AUGUST 7, 1945-TWENTY-SIX PAGES. ★★★ .. ... ..—.. .. . — .I....1.1" . ... » M ... ■ .■■■■.... . g5 CENTS _ i __ JAPS ADMIT GREAT ATOMIC BOMB DAMAGE Weapon Sent Down By 'Chute, Exploded In Air, Enemy Says 'Destructive Power Cannot Be Slighted/ Broadcast Concedes Er the Associated Press. SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 7.— The new atomic bomb that shook Hiroshima was dropped from an American plane by par achute and exploded before it hit the ground, a Japanese Domei news agency dispatch broadcast by the Tokyo radio said today. “The destructive power of the new weapon cannot be slighted,” the enemy report, monitored by the Fed eral Communications Commission, admitted. Domei quoted “informed quarters” ' in Tokyo as conceding that the new bomb had "considerable destructive power.” Earlier, a Japanese im perial headquarters communique used the same adjective in describ ing damage to Hiroshima as “con siderable.” While President Truman's an nouncement said one atomic bomb was released, both the Tokyo com munique and the later Domei dis patch referred to the bomb in the plural, indicating the Japanese could not believe that only a single bomb was used. “A Few Dropped," Japs Say. Domei said a “few” were dropped, adding: “As a result of this wanton at tack, a considerable number of houses in the city were demolished, while fires were caused to start at several points.” The dispatch claimed Japanese authorities already were busy on countermeasures and declared that “the history of war shows that the new weapon, however effective, will eventually lose its power” because of discovery of ways to nullify its effect. Domei quoted its informed source as branding the bomb tactics “a de stroyer of justice and mankind * * • and public enemy No. 1 of social justice.” First Acknowledgement. The Tokyo communique was the first Japanese acknowledgement that Hiroshima had been subjected to any special form of attack. Earlier the Tokyo radio said a number of Security Air Force Equipped With New Bombs Suggested By the Associated Press. LONDON, Aug. 7— Some dip lomats in London suggested today that Britain and America might agree to furnish a spe cial air force equipped with atomic bombs to the United Nations Security Council. Such an air force would be under control of the council for use wherever aggression might break out, but such use would not mean giving away the secret of the atomic bomb to the in ternational organization. B-29s had bombed the city at 8:20 a.m. and an Osaka broadcast made a matter-of-fact announcement that trains in Hiroshima prefec ture had been canceled. American reports said Hiroshima was angulfed in an “impenetrable cloud of dust and smoke" after the incredible blast and the Japanese may be unable to gauge the amount of explosive used. Following is the text of the im perial communique, as transmitted by Domei and recorded by the Fed eral Communications Commission: "First, considerable damage was caused in Hiroshima City as a re sult of an attack made by a small number of enemy B-29s yesterday, August 6. “Second, the enemy appears to have employed new-type bombs in this attack. However, details are now under investigation.” » Text of Broadcast. Following is the text of the Domei broadcast as recorded in New York by the Associated Press: “New bomb: The main reason which drove the enemy to the use of a new-type bomb in a raid on Hiroshima yesterday morning is his impatience at the slow progress of the projected invasion of Japan’s mainland, informed quarters point ed out here today. "While admitting considerable destructive power for the new weap on, these quarters said the resort to such inhuman tactics is sufficient to brand the enemy for ages to come as ‘a destroyer of Justice and mankind’ and ‘public enemy No. 1 of social justice.' "Describing how the enemy used such a diabolic weapon for the first time in raids on Japan’s homeland, these quarters reported that a small number of enemy planes shortly after 8 o’clock yesterday morning appeared over the city of Hiroshima and dropped a few new type bombs. As a result of this wanton attack a considerable num ber of houses in the city were de molished while fires were caused to start at several points. "The new type bomb used by the enemy yesterday morning has a par achute attached to it and explodes in the air before reaching the (See HIROSHIMA, Page A-3!> Three additional men from the District area have been re ported killed in this war. See "On the Honor Roll ” Page AS. Missiles on Hand For New Attacks, Spokesman Hints By JOSEPH H. BAIRD. The United States has enough of the new atomic bombs on hand to continue bombarding war-vital targets in Japan with them if the Tokyo government refuses to surrender, a military spokesman indicated today. While awaiting reports from re connaissance planes on the damage done to Hiroshima, Japanese mili tary base, in the first atomic bomb attack yesterday, officials said it was reasonable to assume that enough of the deadly missiles were on hand to continue the attacks. The spokesman recalled that about $2,000,000,000 had been expended on the atomic bomb program, adding that it was inconceivable, in view of this, that enough bombs for the im mediate future had not been pro vided. Probably Dropped by Chute. Military sources, without making a definite announcement a<; to the | technique used in dropping the ! superbomb, were inclined to support ! Japanese reports that it was let down by a parachute. Also, officials said, ! it was probable that the plane carry ing the bomb flew at a tremendous | height to avoid damage from the , explosion. Asked why the moderate-sized city of Hiroshima rather than Tokyo was selected as the first target, a spokesman replied: “Maybe we didn't want to risk hitting the Tokyo government build ings and destroying the very people who may make the decision to sur render.” Meanwhile, little is known of the physical characteristics or methods ; of using the bomb, and it is likely I that these questions will remain unanswered at least until after the defeat of Japan. For the present the public must remain satisfied with President Truman’s statement that it packs the wallop of 20,000 tons of TNT—the most powerful ex plosive until the harnessing of atomic energy—and 2,000 times that of the British “grand slam,” the biggest bomb used in the war. Weighs About 400 Pounds. The most accurate index to the actual size of the atomic bomb was given in an Associated Press dis patch from London which quoted an official of the British Ministry of Aircraft Production as saying that it “is 10 times smaller than a block buster, but many times as powerful.” This may be taken to mean that the new bomb weighs about 400 pounds. Blockbusters were the 2-ton bombs that were the first giant aerial pro ' jectiles used by the RAF against Germany. They were succeeded by 4-ton "factory busters,” 6-ton “earthquakes,” 11-ton “grind slams.” “Speaking in extremelV conserva tive terms," the British commen tator said, one of the new atomic bombs "would be equivalent to a severe earthquake and would utterly remove the place." Interest centers for the moment on the effectiveness of the bomb in ending the war with Japan. Soon after the new weapon was revealed by the White House yesterday, the Office of War Information began broadcasting to the Japanese the news of the terror which awaits them if they insist on continuing the war. Broadcasts Begun. OWI transmitters in San Fran cisco, Hawaii and Saipan broad cast the White House announcement in Japanese and other languages. The Japanese may now determine for themselves what the atomic i bomb did to Hiroshima, a giant Army staging area with a normal population of 318,000, and determine whether they want other areas so devastated. It is assumed here that if the Japanese elect to continue the war, their other primary military and naval targets soon will feel the blast of atomic bombs. Japanese air power in recent weeks has proved in capable of stopping attacks by B-29s and fleet-based tcraft dropping con ventional explosives, and there is no reason to believe that they can now halt American planes carrying the newer and deadlier weapon. It was recalled here that the joint (See BOMB, Page A-6.) Vatican Paper Expresses Fears Over Bomb's Use By the Associated Press. VATICAN CITY, Aug. 7.—The Vatican City newspaper L’Osserva tore Romano today called the new atomic bomb dropped on Japan "a catastrophic conclusion * * * to the war’s apocalyptic surprises.” It compared the invention of the atomic bomb with the Invention of a submarine by Leonardo da Vinci, the 16th century Italian artist and1 inventor. It expressed regret that the bomb’s Inventors did riot, like Da Vinci, de stroy their creation in the interest of humanity. “Da Vinci wanted to defeat death by thought,” L'Osservatore said, "but the road of men who have not his Christian charity must defeat death with death. This incredible destructive instrument remains a temptation, if not for horrified con temporaries, then for posterity, to whom little is taught by history.” • _______ The Encyclopedia Britannica says Da Vinci "knew of a method of re maining a long time under water, but he refused to tell of it because of the 'evil nature of man.’ ” Nomura Warns Japs U. $. Will Not Accept Compromise Terms Former Envoy Declares Countrymen Have No Choice but to Fight On By thr Associated Press. SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 7.— Kichisaburo Nomura warned the Japanese people today not to expect compromise surrender terms although the Americans are frankly anxious to end the war quickly. The former Ambassador to Wash ington, who yesterday characterised the Potsdam surrender ultimatum to Japan as the height of imperti nence, today moved to further stiffen the national backbone in an interview characterising the Ameri can people as “hot-tempered," The former envoy did not men tion in his anti-surrender discussion the new atomic bomb which first was released against the Japanese yesterday with a power threatening extermination of the empire. 8ayt Japs Most Fight On. After explaining American "hot temperedness” and "nervousness” at length, Nomura cautioned “we should not take these weak points of the American people at their face value. Although they are looking forward for a quick termination of the war, they are not the kind of people who will seek a compromise because of this. • • *. “Keeping this point in mind clearly, the people of our country must not be misled by their sugar coated words, and must fight to our hearts’ content with our own power alone.” Nomura’s comments were broad cast’ by the Tokyo radio and re corded by the Federal Communica tions Commission, which likewise heard a varied group of Japanese broadcasts indicating to some extent the curtailment of activities which the war has caused in Japanese national life. Transportation is Problem. In one report, the Bank of Japan announced that because of com munications damage, and lack of labor, reports would be made but once a month and limited to scantiest details. Another told of a cabinet meeting in which the “transportation of materials from the China conti nent,” which have been almost wholly cut off by air blockade, was considered for the second straight day without an indicated answer to the problem. The death last week of Katsubo Kubo, counsellor to the puppet Manchukuo government, was an nounced. Quoting dispatches from Malaysia, Tokyo announced again that Singa pore’s defenses had been completed and the “majority of the resident Japanese have already taken up arms.” With the entire Japanese-con quered Southwest Pacific areas now within range of Allied bombers and hopelessly, cut off from their home land, the Japanese Army announced “formal approval” of a plan for the "preparation” for liberation of the East Indies. New Ultimatum Ba$ed on Atomic Bomb Predicted Question of Whether All Allies Will Share Secret Is Raised Br tht Associated Press. LONDON, Aug. 7.—A new sur render ultimatum to Japan, backed by the threat of the atomic bomb, was forecast in the British press today and the question was raised whether the United States and Britain would see fit to share their secret with other Allied nations. (Military officials in Washing ton also expressed confidence that a new ultimatum would be given Japan. One official said it doesn’t seem possible that the Japanese war lords would stand by and watch their people an nihilated.) British experts on military, scien tific and international affairs, busy making calculations on the effects of the awesome development, said the bomb would influence all future international relations and produce the “alarming problem” of how to control it. "How far 1t will be possible or wise to diffuse generally over the' world the knowledge of how to make these bombs poses a vitally import ant problem,” said Prof. Gilbert Murray, joint president of the League of Nations Union since 1938. “There are enormous difficulties in! keeping it as a secret of one or two; nations.’’ 48-Hour Time Limit Seen. The Daily Mail, in a Weshington dispatch, quoted "reliable sources” in the United States Capital as saying the Allies would serve Japan another ultimatum*threatening to; bomb her into oblivion with the new weapon unless she surrendered un conditionally. The ultimatum would carry a 48-hour time limit, the Daily Mail said There was no immediate con firmation from official quarters. However, Allied propagandists al ready were at work bombarding Japan with radio accounts of the! new bomb and its potentialities. Prof. Murray said that the League Committee of Intellectual Co-opera tion once considered a proposal that all scientific inventions of mili tary importance should be published Immediately but that it was argued that a nation, feeling its security depended on some military secret, would never be willing to give up that secret. Security Issue Vastly Expanded. "One can see the argument on both sides,” Prof. Murray said, “but I feel the atomic bomb has pro duced a very interesting problem— and a very alarming one.” The Manchester Guardian de clared that “man is at last well on the way to the mastery of the means of destroying himself utterly.” Military experts said that some of the great strategic issues which have been bones of contention among na tions now take on an entirely new aspect. Security, they said, can no longer be defined by control of cer tain ports or canals, and a frontier on this or that river or mountain will not add an iota of strategic ad vantage in event of further conflict. "Nothing less than international peace will give security," one mili tary commentator said. Hopes tor Quick End of War. Britain’s first gasp of amazement at the power of the atomic bomb and the hopes it spurred for a quick end of the Japanese war sobered into an awed realization of its vast potentialities—In peace as well as in war. “It might produce something that will revolutionize all industrial life,” said Sir John Anderson, who as lord president of the council in Britain’s wartime cabinet shared responsbility for the secret and costly research which developed the destructive weapon. "There are great possibilities if energy on a scale presented In the bomb is made available to drive machinery and provide sources of power," he added. Dr. E. Slade, research controller of the imperial chemical industries, one of the experts who developed the bomb which was dropped on Japan for the first time Monday, said: "This invention probably will have a revolutionary effect on our future lives. We have solved the problem how to release almost un (See ULTIMATUM, Page A-6.) Splitting of Atom, as Told in Star in 1939, Big Step in Development of Great New Bomb (In 1939 Thomas R. Henry, science writer for The Star, wrote a story of the splitting of the'' atom, the second step in scien tific research from which .hat emerged the atomic bomb, great est force known to man. Three months ago Mr, Henry, now a war correspondent for The Star, went into Norway with American forces. He found evidence there of experiments by the Germans, who hoped to achieve the weapon announced here yesterday, but the censors held up his story. The story of the experiments here in 1939 is reprinted below from The Star of February S, 1939.) By THOMA8 R. HENRY. Early last week occurred an almost incredible event—the splitting of an atom and the first release of atomic energy. By Implication it may be the most significant happening of our times. Man has got his hand on the throttle of the stars. On the other hand, for the present it is little more than, a scientific curiosity of no practical use to any body except workers in experi mental physics laboratories. And for all anybody knows, it may never be of any use, although such a predic* tlon would be flying In the face of precedent. If the accomplishment of breaking an uranium atom in two, reported simultaneously from Washington, New York, Baltimore and Copen hagen under the moat dramatic cir cumstances, can be developed to its full implications—the actual release and control of any considerable part of the energy that binds together all things in creation—hardly any predictions can be too fantastic. Very likely the best guess would be the wildest, and the day the pussled Prof. G. Hahn at the Kaiser Wil helm Institute in Berlin found a minute amount of barium contam inating a preparation of uranium which he had bombarded with alow neutron* may have constituted a major turning point in the history of the world. Can man ever fly to the moon, Venus or Mary? Last week the an swer of any . sober scientists would have been an unqualified no. To day the answer may well be an op timistic maybe—with the actual ac complishment thrown far enough into the future. He certainly could if he had control of ktomlc energy. Could a big gun be set up in Berlin and bombard Washington? Maybe so—if* this enegry can be tapped and controlled fully. But it should be kept clearly in mind that this is not yet the case and may never be. The difficulties in the way of tap ping for practical purposes the bind ing energy that holds creation to gether are incalculably stupendous. The significance of last week’s hap pening was that it was a beginning —the accomplishment on however small a scale of what the world’s most eminent physicists were con (See HENRlf, £ags A-S.) /there's nct ll I ROOM FOR TiWi- 1 f|v..~AND YOU IN 1 f|L THE SAME M Jap Naval Arsenal At Toyokawa Blasted In Super Fort Raid Escort Mustangs Meet No Air Opposition; Results 'Excellent' Er the Associated Press. GUAM, Aug. 7.—Marianas-! based B-29s today kept up the continual pounding of the Japa nese Empire with a noonday 126 plane strike at the big Toyokawa naval arsenal, 37 miles south east of Nagoya Castle. Return ing air-men said they bombed visually In good weather and re sults were “excellent.” Their missiles were “high ex plosives,” the 20th Air Force said— presumably not atomic bombs. Mus tangs escorted the Super Forts, but found no air opposition. The 20th Air Force communique today also reported a broad sweep across the Tokyo area yesterday by 97 Iwo-based Mustangs which smashed at nine enemy airfields, rail yards, and shipping, and de stroyed or damaged 25 grounded aircraft. The Tokyo-Yokohama district was bombed and strafed about an hour this morning by 40 Iwo-based Amer ican Mustangs and "it is reported that several British planes of un specified category” participated, Japan’s Domei agency reported. If confirmed, that would be the first attack on the Japanese home land by land-based British aircraft. British carrier planes attacked Ja pan many times last month as part of Admiral Halsey’s 3d Fleet. More than 400 Far East air forces fighters and bombers converted the Kyushu port of Tarumi into a vast swirl of flame Sunday with a two hour hammering with fire bombs, rockets and bullets, Gen. MacArthur reported today. Pilots said the great fires were visible 30 miles. i — i U.S. Navy Cites Tokyo Rose for Boosting Morale Tokyo Rose, seductive-voiced Jap anese £irl propogandist, won a cita tion from the United States Navy today for "meritorious service con tributing greatly to the morale” of American troops in the Pacific. With the citation goes “permis sion to broadcast soon to the United States Army of Occupation in Japan and to the ships of the United States Fleet' at anchor in Yokohama Bay, the history-making scene of Admiral Halsey riding the Japanese Em peror’s white horse through the streets of Tokyo.” The citation was broadcast today by Capt. T. J. O’Brien, director ef naval welfare, over the Navy Re porter program, shortwaved to all personnel beyond the continental limits of the United States. “While the United States armed forces in the Pacific have been ex tremely busy capturing enemy-held islands, sinking Jap ships and killing Japs, Tokyo Rose has per sistently entertained them during those long nights in fox-holes and on board ship, by bringing them excellent state-side music, laughter and news about home,” the citation said. New Overseas Edition Will Be Out Tomorrow .A new issue of The Star’s overseas Edition will be ready tomorrow. Free copies, with envelopes for mailitw, may be obtained at The Star’s busi ness counter and the Victory Bond booth in Lansburgh’s Department Store. The edition is strictly lim ited. Please don’t waste a single copy. Grabner, Nazi Prison Commander, Arrested Ez the Associated Press. LONDON, Aug. 7.—The Exchange Telegraph Agency said in a Vienna dispatch today that Austrian police had arrested Ernst Grabner, former commander of the Nazi prison camp at Oswiecim (Auschwitz) in Upper Silesia. Grabner, personally charged with killing 2,000 persons, will be tried by an Austrian People's Court. Members of Congress Believe Atomic Bomb Will Shorten War Legislators Are Ready To Act on Truman's Proposal for Controls Ey the Associated Pres*. Elated legislators today fore cast that the atomic bomb would shorten the Japanese war and might mark the trail for revolu tionary peacetime development of cheap energy. President Truman's announce ment that the world's most de structive missile has been dropped on Japan found members of the Senate Military Affairs and Appro priations Committees ready to act on White House bidding as soon as Congress reconvenes in October. Mr. Truman suggested congres sional establishment of a commis sion to control the production and use of atomic energy which gives the bomb its tremendous destructive power. The fact that the bomb was being developed—one of the war's best kept secrets—has been known to some Senators for more than two years. Chairman Thomas of Utah told a reporter the Military Affairs Com mittee will expedite legislation set ting up the control commission so that it can be ready to make a swift transition from war to peace activi ties when the Pacific conflict ends. While seeing the possibility that the bomb might shorten the war materially, Senator Thomas said he could not guSss whether it would eliminate the necessity for an inva sion of Japan. Senator Thomas and Senator O’Mahoney, Democrat, of Wyoming, a member of the Appropriations and Military Affairs CommiMees, said Congress is certain to provide all the (See CONGRESS, Page A^t) Pefain Approved Visit Of Rougier to Britain, Admiral Fernet Says Secret Negotiations After Fall of France Related At Treason Trial P.y the Associated Tress. PARIS, Aug. 7.—Admiral Jean Fernet told the court trying Marshal Petain for his life today that Petain approved secret ne gotiations with Great Britain in 1M0, shortly after the French German armistice. He said the marshal approved the visit to England of Louis Rougier, and that he returned from confer ences with former Prime Minister Churchill and former Foreign Secre tary Anthony Eden with a working agreement. The witness said Britain agreed to take no aggressive action against French colonies if the Vichy govern ment would not attempt to regain control of territory held by Gen. de Gaulle’s Free French. Under the proposed plan, Fernet said the Brit ish would have relaxed the blockade if Vichy agreed not to help Germany in any way. Peyrouton Testifies. Rougier has written a book about the negotiations, which official Brit ish statements branded as a distorted account. Marcel Peyrouton, former Vicny Minister and Governor of Algeria told the court that Britain main tained contact with Petain’s regime throughout 1940 through Spain and Switzerland. He said Petain and Laval were at loggerheads within six months after the Vichy government was set up and that Laval was arrested on the night of December 13, 1940, after Petain had consulted the cabi net of which he was Interior Min ister. Concerned Aboyt Fleet. A woman’s suicide leap before a subway train delayed the trial for an hour today because a juror was caught in the ensuing traffic jam. Peyrouton, who was transferred from Ambassador to Argentina to North Africa by Gen. Henri Giraud after the Allied landings, said the British established contacts with Vichy because they were concerned about the French fleet. He said nothing came of the exchanges. When a juror asked about Vichy’s anti-Jewish law, Peyrouton asked: “Is this my trial ,or Marshal Petain’s?” But he asserted that '(See’ PETAIN, Page A-6.) Maj. Bong, Top American Ace, Dies in Explosion of Jet Plane ..♦ Winner ot 26 Medals Had Combat Score Of 40 Jap Planes By the Associated Press. BURBANK, Calif., Aug. 7.— Maj. Richard Ira Bong, 24, the farm boy who became America’s ace of . aces by downing 40 Japa nese planes while emerging un injured from over 500 combat hours, is dead, the victim of a jet P-80 Shooting Star explosion which occurred four minutes after a takeoff. The explosion, which scattered parts of the plane over an acre, occurred yesterday afternoon just after the pilot left Lockheed Air Terminal on a test flight Maj. Bong apparently tried to jump clear of the disintegrating ship, but flames caught him. His body was found 100 feet from the flaming jet turbine. His parachute had partly opened. Witnesses said the plane exploded with a terrific roar. Flames Visible 2 Miles. "A piece fell from the plane,” said Mrs. J. B. Villarino, whose atten tion was attracted to the plane be cause it seemed to be flying so tow. "The plane started straight down and crashed with a tremendous MAJ. RICHARD I. BONG. __—AP Photo. bunt of smoke. Hug}', flames swelled up, plainly visible from my house, although it is about 2 miles from the seene of the cntih." One witness, Mrs. George H. Zane, Jr., said she saw the pilot leap from the cockpit with his hands over (See BONG, Page A^ j President Due Here Tomorrow; Report Awaited Truman Gives News Of First Atomic Bomb To Crew of Augusta By the Assoclued Press. • ABOARD U. S. 8. AUGUSTA WITH PRESIDENT TRUMAN, Aug. 7. — President Truman, confident the new atomic bomb will shorten the war against Ja pan, today neared the shore of his own country, which he left one month ago. The President expects to be back in Washington by tomorrow and soon thereafter will fix a time for his radio report on the Berlin Big Three meeting. Obviously eager to share his elation over War Department ad vices on the first use of the terrible new aerial weapon, Mr. Truman walked all around the ship yester day telling crew members about it. | . First he entered the officers’ ward I room, and, directing them to keep their seats, announced: “We have just dropped a bomb on Japan which has more power than 20,000 tons of TNT. It was an over whelming success.” He then hastened away to repeat the announcement to seamen lunch ing in messes elsewhere in the ship. Jubilant cheers arose everywhere he went. Typical of the comment heard on every hand was, “I guess I’ll get home sooner now.” Many Domestic Problems Await President's Return President Truman will find the domestic pot boiling with problems when he returns to Washington. First off, Mr. Truman must com plete his manuscript for the radio report to the Nation he is expected to make within the next day or two on what happened when he sat down with Premier Stalin, Prime Minister Attlee and former Prime Minister Churchill. The Big Three Bp tad am com munique left uaaswered such ques tions as the use to which German prisoners are to be put, how Euro pean relief will be handled and whether newsmen actually are going to be permitted to report on what happens inside Poland and the Bal kan countries. Other Problems. Whether Mr. Truman answers any of these queries, he apparently is going to have to say something about the size of the Army. Some legislators lately have been bearing down on the key that the Army is keeping too many men in uniform. Capitol Hill friends of the Presi dent expect him to stand squarely behind the high command if it maintains that it still must have 7,000,000 men in the Army next June 1. Because most members of Con gress have gone home, Mr. Truman may not face any showdown with them until October. But he may have to tell the Army to release more transportation workers and coal miners. Shakeup Impending. Mr. Truman also has some unfin ished business on appointments. Secretary of State Byrnes wants to shake up the State Department, and Assistant Secretary Will L. Clayton may be the only survivor among present top-rank officials. Dean Acheson, another Assistant Secretary, reportedly wants to be Solicitor General, and it is doubtful that he would stay in the depart ment even if Mr. Byrnes wanted to retain him. The President has yet to complete the formalities for appointment of Edward R. Stettinius, jr., former Secretary of State, as American delegate to the United Nations World Security Council. In this connection Mr. Truman will have the final say on the form in which legislation to set up the office will be offered. The four other American dele gates to the United Nations still are to be chosen and a representa tive named for the organization’s economic and social council. The latter might be John G. Winant, now Ambassador to Great Britain. Reds Report Baltic Island Shelled by U-Boat By the Associat'd Press. MOSCOW, Aug. 7.—Red Star said today a German submarine still at large had shelled a Red Army outpost on Rugen Island In the Baltic Sea, where “many small German vessels still arp hiding.” The army newspaper said the. shelling occurred on a misty night from a distance of 400 yards In answer to a challenge by a sentry who heard the U-boat engines. (The date was not specified.) Captured crewmen of other out law German vessels said they were based on deserted sector* of the shore and uninhabited Islands, the dispatch said. It added that some of the c^ews were trying to reach foreign ports to be Interned while others wanted to return to Germany to surrender, but “hardened Pastets continue to busy themselves with, piracy.” King Carol in Lisbon LONDON. Aug. 7 <*).—The Swiss radio said today that former. King Carpi of Romania had arrived la Lisbon aboard a Spanish steamer.