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Weather Forecast Pleasant, sunny; lair tonight. Cloudi ness, warmer tomorrow. Temperatures—High, 73, at 12:01 a.m.; low, 65, at 7:05 am.; 72 at noon. Yes terday-High, 90, at 12:15 pm.; low, 74. at 6:12 a.m. New York Markets Closed Today. Guide for Readers \ Page. Alter Dark_A-ll Amusem’nts, A-12-13 Comics_B-14-15 Editorial .A-S Edit! Articles.._A-8 Finance .A-6 Page. Lost and Pound, A-3 Obituary .A-l« Radio ..B-1S Society.B-3 Sports.A-14-15 Woman’s Page.B-U An Associated Press Newspaper 93d liliAli. No. 36,993. Phone NA. 5000. WASHINGTON, D. C., THURSDAY, AUGUST 16, 1945—THIRTY-TWO PAGES. ★★★★ Cit? Home Deliver?. Dell? and Sunda? gf /'iTT'VTmci 90c a Month. When 6 Sunda?*. $1.00 *> ( ; r j IN J. Full Surrender May Take Days, Royal Family to Visit Fronts, Hirohito Informs Gen. MacArthur Emperor Picks Prince to Head New Cabinet By the Associated Press. Emperor Hirohito told Gen. MacArthur today it would be Im possible to send envoys to Manila tomorrow to receive the sur render terms and that it would take 12 days for his “cease fire” order to reach all fronts. The Emperor expressed regret at the delay, arranged to send mem bers of his imperial family to all fighting fronts to enforce the “cease fire” order and gave the Allied commander a full report of what he had done. One other imperial action of the day was the naming of Gen. Prince Naruhiko Higashi-Kuni to become Premier succeeding the resigned Admiral Kantaro Suzuki, putting a 1 descendant of the Emperor's in charge of the government for the first time. May Take 12 Days. Hirohito's message to Gen. Mac Arthur was recorded by the Fed eral Communications Commission. It advised him that the order end ing hostilities had been issued as he directed and added that mem bers of the imperial family would enforce it personally, although in some isolated instances it might take as long as 12 days. The message, in English, estimated that six days would be required to make the message entirely effective in China, eight days in Bougainville and 12 days in New Guinea and the Philippines. The Mikado's cease fire order to his 8,000,000 soldiers was timed at 4 p.m. today, Japanese time (3 ajn., Eastern war time). The message expressed great em barrassment but said that it was “impossible for us to arrange for the flight of our representative on August 17,” as demanded by Gen. MacArthur, "due to scarcity of time.” “We will, however, proceed at once with the necessary prepara tions and notify Gen. MacArthur as to the date of the flight of such representative, which will take place as soon as possible,” the message said. Asked to Repeat Instructions. The type of plane ordered to make the flight by Gen. MacArthur also was questioned. The Japanese ex plained they did not understand the designation and asked the Allied commander to repeat the entire message of instructions to them. A dispatch from Manila said the Japanese had not replied to Gen. MacArthur’s messages of surrender instructions 24 hours after receipt was acknowledged in Tokyo. Manila headquarters of American Forces in the Pacific told corre spondents at 9 p.m. (8 a.m„ Eastern war time) that no word had yet been received. The dispatch said the mystery of . the prolonged silence caused talk in Manila as a detailed statement on Japan’s acceptance of plans for sending a representative to head quarters was expected much earlier. Gen. MacArthur, from whom the new premier will take his orders, sharply criticized Tokyo for the un necessary delay in replying to his surrender instructions. Begins Forming Cabinet. Higashi-Kuni began forming his peacetime cabinet by calling in key members of Premier Baron Kantaro Suzuki’s last wartime cabinet which resigned yesterday. Among members of Suzuki’s fallen government who called at the new premier’s headquarters were for mer Premier Prince Fumlmaro Ko noye, Admiral Mitsumasa Yonai, who was navy minister, and Lt. Gen. Tadaichi Wakamatsu, vice minister of war. War Minister Gen. Korechika Anami has committed suicide. Later Domei news agency reported at least three ministers, all advisers to the Suzuki government, had been selected for the new cabinet. Domei said that because of "the gravity of the situation” formation of the cabinet will be rushed and “may be completed by tonight.” Hirohito’s selection of a prince as premier, the news agency said, "in dicates that his majesty regards the present situation as one of un (See SURRENDER, Page A-3.) One additional man from the District area has been reported killed in this war. See “On the Honor Roll,’’ page A-2. Nimitz Issues Invitations To Surrender Ceremony By the Associated Press. GUAM, Aug. 16.—Admiral Ches ter W. Nimitz has sent messages to Gen. Carl Spaatz and Lt. Gen. Roy Geiger, inviting them and their aides to be his guests on his flag ship at Japanese surrender cere monies. The invitation implied that Ad miral Nimitz will be present at the ceremonies for the United States and that the ceremony will take place aboard a warship, apparently a battleship. - The messages invited Gen. Spaatz, commander of the Strategic Air Forces, and Gen. Geiger, commander of the fleet Marine force in the Pacific, “to witness the surrender to which your forces contributed to much." With Gen. Mac Arthur as supreme commander it is believed that each ally will have a representative at -the surrender ceremonies—Admiral Nimitz for the United States and possibly Admiral . Sir Bruce Fraser lor the. British. The Russians *i«n expected to have a delegate Atom Bomb Saved 1,250,000 Allied Lives, Churchill Says Was Main Factor in Sudden End Of War With Japsf He Declares Bt the Associated Press. LONDON, Aug. 16.—Winston Churchill told Commons today that the atomic bomb was re sponsible for the sudden ending of the Japanese war and saved a million American and 250,000 British lives which would have been lost in invading the en emy's home islands.. Prime Minister Attlee said subse quently that the atomic bomb dis covery would force reorganization “in the sphere of international rela tions.” “We have to realize that we are living in a new world, now that we have seen the atoms, a new force, the consequences of which we find it difficult to grasp,” said Mr. Attlee, who succeeded Mr. Churchill as Britain's first minister as a result of the July election. Mr. Churchill spoke as leader of the government’s Conservative op position, a position to which he was relegated by the election. He said Premier Stalin promised to enter the Pacific war three months after the German surrender and the Russian intervention on August 8 after the German collapse May 8 was "but another example of the fidelity and punctuality” of the Soviet Union. He disclosed that he and President Truman made elaborate plans at Potsdam for "great battles and land ings in Malaya, the Netherlands East Indies and in the homeland of Japan itself," not knowing how long Japanese resistance would continue. Would Keep Bomb Secret. He insisted that the secret of the atomic bomb be kept from other na tions. The bomb, he said, “more than any other factor,” brought about the “sudden and speedy end ing of the war against Japan." Premier Stalin was informed that “We contemplated using an explo sive of incomparable power against Japan,” Mr. Churchill said. The 70-year-old statesman de clared that “there are voices which assert that the (atomic) bomb should never have been used at all.” But, he added bluntly: “I cannot associate myself with ,such ideas. Six years of total war ! have convinced most people that had the Germans or the Japanese discovered this new weapon they would have used it upon us to our complete destruction wtih the ut most alacrity.” Cheers sounded from both sides of the House. Approved at Potsdam. Mr. Churchill asserted sharply: “I am surprised that very worthy people—but people who in most cases had no intention of pro ceeding to the Japanese front themselves—should adopt the posi tion that rather than throw this bomb we should have sacrificed a million American and a quarter of a million British lives in the desperate battles and massacres of an invasion of Japan.” He said he and Mr. Truman ap proved at Potsdam the military plans to use the bomb. Turning to foreign affairs, Mr. Churchill praised former Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden. Of Poland, he said that “there are few virtues that the Poles do not possess and there are few mis takes that they have ever avoided.” He referred to the evacuation of 8.000,000 Germans from Polish ter ritory. saying that “it is not im possible that a tragedy upon a prodigious scale is unfolding itself behind the iron curtain which at present divides Europe in twain.” “Democracy,” cried Mr. Churchill. Continued on Page A-15, Column 1. U.S. Intends to Control Destiny of Japan, Truman Indicates Sees No Need to Set Up Occupation Zones, He Tells News Conference By J. A. FOX. President Truman today made it clear that this Government ! intends to control the destiny of Japan, telling a news confer ence that he did not think there was any necessity for zones of occupation such as were set up in Germany for controls divided between the United States, Rus sia, Great Britain and France. The President said the occupation troops probably would be drawn jfrom the forces of all the Allies, Jbut that they would be under the direction of Gen. Douglas Mac Arthur, the commander in chief. He said the situation in Japan is different than it was in Europe. He also said, in response to a ques tion, that he did not know if the surrender terms would be signed in Manila as some reports have in dicated. That matter, he added, is in the hands of Gen. MacArthur. The President was asked if he intended to appoint a political ad viser to Gen. MacArthur, and he said this would be done if necessary. The President also was asked how long he thought tne occupation of Germany would last and he said that depended entirely on how long it takes for the German people to rehabilitate themselves in the demo cratic way of life. When the President’s attention was drawn to reports that some Japanese broadcasts are urging the people to look to the future for revenge, he said that every defeated people hopes ultimately to be re venged on their conquerors, but that he didn’t think the Japanese were going to have a chance to get back at this country. Hungary to Get Back Relic of St. Stephen By the Associated Press. SALZBURG, Austria, Aug. 16.—A delegation from Budapest waited in Salzburg today for approval from Pope Pius XII to return one of Hungary’s most prized relics—the withered hand of St. Stephen, the ancient canonized monarch. Japs' Puppet Regime In China Dissolved, Tokyo Radio Says Special Committee Plans Interim Administration, Domei Dispatch States Sr the Associated Press. Tokyo broadcast a Domei agency dispatch today saying that the Japanese-dominated "national government of China” at Nanking had decided to dis solve. The dispatch, purported to orig inate in Nanking, capital of the puppet Chinese regime, said the gov ernment was dissolved "because their mission has ended.” It would be the first puppet gov ernment to dissolve after Japan's fall. Domei said "a special committee will carry cm the administration in the interim period to maintain peace and order until the new government takes over the administration.” Wang Ching-wei, 62, who became President and Premier of the Nan king regime in 1939, died last No vember in a Japanese hospital and was succeeded by Chen Kung-po, former president of the Nanking Legislative Council. A frequent target of assassination attempts, Wang was reported by Tokyo broadcasts at the time of his death to have been variously a vic tim of diabetes, “spinal cord com pression” and physical exhaustion. Wang at one time was high in the central government of China. Chen once studied economics at Columbia University, New York. He also held high posts in the central government until he joined the puppet movement. Navy Board Begins Probe Of Indianapolis Sinking (Another Story on Page A-2.) Br the Associated Press. GUAM, Aug. 16.—A Navy board of inquiry has begun an investiga tion of the sinking of the cruiser Indianapolis July 30, including the reasons for the delay in search for the ship until after it was overdue more than 54 hours. The Indianapolis was lost in the Philippines Sea from enemy action with 100 per cent casualties to her 1,196 officers and men. Five were officially listed as dead, 875 as miss ing. The remainder were wounded or suffering from exposure. Japs' Treatment of Wainwright Will Weigh Heavily on Terms By W. H. SHIPPEN, Jr, Star War Correspondent. SUPREME ALLIED POWERS HEADQUARTERS, Manila, Aug. 16. -Will Lt. Gen. Jonathan Wain wright be able to sit across the sur render table from the Japs who humiliated him so bitterly at the fall of Corregidor? This and many other questions were asked here today by fighting men with long memories as the hour approached for the Emperor’s en voys to appear over Ie Shlma in their white Zero pleading the pass word “Bataan." 1 Whether the captors at Gen. Mae Arthur's successor have treated him as an honorable prisoner of war was discussed here often. The fate of America's number one prisoner and’ followers who survived the march of death undoubtedly will have a strong influence on terms meted out to Japan. “Skinny” Wainwrlght was the idol of his troops. Almost nothing has sifted through the lines of how he has fared in the bloody yean which followed the surrender of the Philippines. Asked too by veterans of Jungle, sea and amphibious warfare is the <9ee SSZPPW, Page A-10.) Japanese Army Reported Ready To End Fighting Appeal Sent to Reds To Cease Firing, Broadcast Says CHINESE COMMUNISTS reported in clash with Chiang’s forces. Page A-3 Bj thf Associated Press. The Japanese broadcast from Hsinking was reported by the Federal Communications Com mission today to have said that the Japanese Kwantung Army had appealed to the Russians to cease their attacks in Man churia. Monitors recorded the broadcast in New Delhi. The Chungking radio, also heard by the FCC, said Lb Gen. Yusuji Okamura, commander of Japanese forces in China, stated he was "awaiting more detailed instruc tions” in reply to Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek's orders that he surrender. The Kwantung Army's message to the Russians, as recorded by the FCC, said: "One—Japanese first line forces have ceased all military movements at their present positions. It is hoped that Soviet forces will also cease attacks. Especially in the vi cinity of Mutankiang Soviet attacks should be speedily stopped. Further Instructions. "Two—Hereafter the intentions of the Japanese side will be notified every hour for 10 minutes on fre quencies 6,055 KCS and 15,330 KCS. Same will be transmitted via radio on frequencies 13,530 KCS and 5,813 KCS and 7,490 KCS at same hour. "Soviet side is requested to carry out similar communications via Khabarovsk radio. "Radio communication should be established between supreme field headquarters of both Japanese and Soviet armies. Specify wavelength on which your communication will be transmitted.” Earlier, Moscow dispatches had said Russian forces continued today to drive deeper into Manchuria, where, a Soviet communique said last night, Japanese troops still are offering resistance. Spread Out Rapidly. Front dispatches indicated Red Army mobile units were spreading out rapidly over hundreds of square miles of territory, with three main columns driving steadily toward the munitions and communications center of Harbin. The nearest of the three columns was the one advancing from the east, which had taken the rail hub of Mutankiang, 165 miles from Har bin, and was pushing on to the west. Meanwhile, the government news paper Izvestia declared it was “hard to predict how Japan will fulfill the terms of unconditional surrender.” “The wolfish habits of the aggres sors should cause all peoples to be on guard and especially watchful,” the paper said. “The Japanese army has yet to lay down its arms, but instead is still carrying on military operations and resisting.” De Gaulle to See Truman On Indo-China's Fufure By the Associated Press. PARIS, Aug. 16.—Restoration of French sovereignty in Indo-China stands high on a list of subjects Gen. Charles de Gaulle expects to discuss with President Truman, a qualified source said today. Gen. de Gaulle is due in the United States August 22. The immediate problem is to ob tain shipping for transporting more than 1,000 civil administrators and a sufficient number of troops to police Indo-China. Both civil administrators and troops will be under command of Admiral Georges Thierry D’Argen lieu, who recently was appointed Indo-China governor general, suc ceeding Admiral Jean Decoux, a Vichy appointee. The whereabouts of Admiral Decoux Is still un known, authorities said. One report said the Japanese had executed him. Another was that he had been im prisoned in Saigon. Gen. de Gaulle is also expected to ask for priorities in equipment and materials necessary for the repair of the bomb-damaged ports of Hai phong and Saigon. Official V-J Day Won't Be Holiday, Truman Says There will be no holiday on V-J day, President Truman told his press conference today. People al ready have had their holiday and there is too much work still to be done, he smilingly told reporters. He issued a proclamation today, however, declaring next Sunday a day of prayer and calling on the people of this country "to unite in offering their thanks to God for the victory we have won, and in pray ing that He will support and guide us into the paths of peace.” The President stressed that this day of prayer will not be V-J day, which will not be set until after the Japanese surrender terms have been Personal Income Tax Cut Appears Likely Starting January 1 Lowest-Paid Workers May Have All Levies Ended by Congress By the Associated Press. All Americans seem likely to get a cut in their income taxes after January 1. Perhaps several million will have to pay no in come taxes at all next year. Congress is coming back Septem ber 5 in a tax-cutting mood. Some of the best-informed tax experts think a reduction in personal in come taxes will be enacted before Christmas—with administration ap proval if the cut isn’t too drastic. The expected reduction probably would be only moderate for most taxpayers. The man earning a lot of money would have a smaller per centage cut off his taxes than the fellow making $35 a week. People in the lowest income group would be the ones whose income taxes might be wiped out entirely. A survey of congressional and other tax authorities today produced the following picture: 1. No tax reductions are likely on 1845 income. The expected cut would be felt first in smaller payroll deductions starting January 1. It would not affect the filing of 1945 income tax returns next March 15. 3. rederal taxes on such items as alcoholic beverages, furs, luggage, jewelry, theater tickets, cabaret spending and telephone calls will drop automatically to 1942 rates six months after the official “termina tion of hostilities.’’ 3. The 95 per cent excess profits tax on corporations is sure to be killed. Nobody loves it now. The only question is whether to do it next January 1 or later. Hard Fight Likely. The size of any reduction in the personal income tax will be settled in Congress, maybe after a knock down fight. The House Ways and Means Com mittee plans to whip together a tax bill this fall, although there won’t be time before January 1 to cover every phase of the subject. The administration certainly will oppose any drastic slash in the in come tax for next year. But there are strong signs the administration will not oppose a moderate reduc tion—for example, repeal of the “normal tax.” This “normal tax”—3 per cent of net income—used to be called the "Victory tax.” It was originally passed as a wartime measure, and at that time had a provision for automatic termination. The Treas ury opposed the “Victory tax” in the first place. If the “normal tax” were repealed, what is known as the "surtax” would be the only income tax left. A man with a wife and one child, earning $3,000 a year, would see his tax drop from $311 to $244. Hiat's a cut of over 20 per cent. Would Get 18% Cut. If he earns $4,000, his tax would decrease from $521 to $427—or IS per cent. If he earns $5,000, the tax would change from $736 to $615—or 16 pei cent. On an income of, say, $10,000, the reduction would be less than 10 per cent. To put It on a weekly basis, a man with a wife and one child earning up to around $30 a week would see his withholding tax dis appear. If he makes $35 a week, his with holding tax would drop from $1.3C to 60 cents. If he has an income oi $50 a week, the tax would decrease from $4.40 to 3.30; income of $70 from $8.60 to $7; income of $100 from $15.70 to $13.20. Thailand Reported Ready to Surrender Ey the Associated Presi. The Tokyo radio said today that “the government of Thailand ha* decided to negotiate peace with the Allied nation*.” The broadcast said the People’* Assembly had issued a statement "in the name of the King” in which it said that the declaration of wai by the little ally of Japan against the United States and Great Britain “will be withdrawn.” Finds Body Is Father's MOLINE, 111., Aug. 16 (JP).—Defec tive Sergt. Charles Larson was sum moned to a railroad crossing to in vestigate a report a man had beer killed. He found the victim was hli father, Karl W. Larson. I Congressional Leaders Hail National Victory Day Proposal Entire Country Would Take Part; D. C. Focal Point Plans for a national Victory Day celebration, to be centered in Washington and observed throughout the country, with military parades and appro priate ceremonies, began taking shape today as leaders on Capi tol Hill and elsewhere hailed the idea with enthusiasm. The Star believes that with vic tory realized at last, such a na tional day should be set aside both for rejoicing and to honor the fighting men who have made vic tory possible. The day will be planned carefully and set on a date far enough in the future to allow crack combat outfits to be brought together and field commanders returned from combat areas scattered over the world. While details cannot be worked out until pressing problems of the moment are met, officials believe (See VICTORY, Page A-4.) A Real Celebration Of Our Victory (An Editorial) A pageant of victory after war is a tradition with our people which should be pre served. The march of the Grand Army on Pennsylvania avenue after the War Between the States was a memorable occa sion. The parade of the 1st Divi sion, with Gen. Pershing and his stall in the lead, was held some months after the end of the First World War. Later on, there was the mov ing ceremony in connection with the burial of the Unknown Soldier. The Star believes it is not too early to begin to plan now for the great national celebration, centering here in Washington, which should provide all our people with an appropriate occasion to honor those who died in the war just ended and to pay tribute to those who return. Private Employers Not Forced to Pay For V-J Days Off Labor Department Promises Definition of Holidays Tomorrow By the Associated Press. Whether non - Government workers who were off duty to day and yesterday for celebra tion get paid or not is entirely up to the boss—unless there is a union contract or agreement covering holidays, the WLB says. Supplementing the War Labor Board's formal announcement of Tuesday, which said pay for the V-J holidays would be permissable under the stabilization policy, a board official said today: “There is nothing which compels an employer to pay for this time off, unless it is so provided in the con tract. The board has no authority to order pay for the two days. It merely says that if the employer chooses to pay workers for the time not worked in this instance it would not violate the stabilization policy.” Statement in Preparation. Because of the legal tangle over premium pay and similar problems which arose from widespread holi days and subsequent White House retraction of a holiday statement, the Labor Department is preparing a formal statement, to be announced probably tomorrow. The statement, it was reported by the department, will say whether the two days were holidays within the legal definition, and thus come under holiday provisions of con tracts. Many contracts call for time and one-half for working holi days. The trouble grew out of a White House statement supplementing an executive order granting war work ers overtime pay for V-J day. This statement explained that the order would be applicable to the two-day holiday just decreed by the Presi dent. The correction yesterday said: “The executive order does not apply in any way to August 15 and (See MIXUP, Page A-2.) Million War Workers Laid Off by Plants In Past 48 Hours Krug Acts Quickly to Put Industry in High Gear to Create Jobs By JAMES Y. NEWTON. A million workers had been released from war plant jobs in the first 48 hours of peace, Gov ernment officials estimated to day as they took steps to loose a “flood of peacetime manufac turing” in an effort to hold down unemployment. War Production Board Chairman J. A. Krug took immediate action to free industry for the tremendous task ahead, promising that all but about 40 of the WPB’s original 650 manufacturing controls would be wiped out by Monday. Quota re strictions were removed and manu facturers largely were on their own to make all the automobiles and other peacetime items they could build. The whole emphasis of Federal action was to create more jobs by getting industry into high gear on the road to normalcy as rapidly as possible. An Associated Press survey >f larger war plant areas showed that at least 400,000 were laid off immediately after the Japs surren dered and that another 1:878,000 would be affected soon. Big Cutback in Chicago. Estimate of a million released from war work came from officials who pointed out that a survey could only touch the larger plants, although the thousands of smaller manufacturers provided the bulk of our wartime employment. In Chicago alone, war contracts totaling $2,000,000,000 were canceled and three plants employing 55,000 were due for immediate shutdown. Manpower officials estimated that 600,000 Illinois workers would be re leased within a year. Jobs of 130, 000 persons In Cleveland were af fected by cutbacks, while Detroit expected between 250,000 and 300, 000 unemployed in a couple of weeks. v The Army Air Forces announced (See RECONVERSION, Page A-2.) Canned Fruits and Juices Swept From Stores in Buying Spree A rush for canned fruits and fruit juices, newly removed from rationing, swamped grocers to day as housewives went on a buying spree all over the city. Many stores sold out of fruit and pineapple and grape juice within a few hours. Other markets were forced to limit sales and said, de spite that, they expected their shelves to be bare by closing time. Biggest and earliest "run” was on No. 5 cans of pineapple juice, which until yesterday required 120 blue points. It was expected that few, if any would be left in this area by nightfall. "They melted away like a snow ball in July," said a Connecticut avenue grocer. Tomato juice also was a popular item with housewives. Many asked for a dozen cans at a time. A Columbia road market pro prietor said at noon he expected his last can of fruit to be sold “within a few minutes." "Never saw any thing like it,” he said. “The «us tomers sure are happy." Another grocer, plagued by fruit hungry customers, explained, "They’re making a grab for all kinds of previously rationed fruit Even (See BLUE POINTS, Page A-3.) Truman to Call Parley of Labor, Management Conference Planned After Congress Meets; WLB's Days Limited By GOULD LINCOLN. President Truman today an nounced he would call a con ference of labor and manage ment after Congress meets in September. He revealed no details of th# proposed conference. It is under stood they are being worked out at the Labor Department and will be submitted to him later. The President made two other statements bearing on the problems which peace has brought to Amer ican industry. WLB Has Limited Time. He said the War Labor Board ha# a very limited time to stay. He said, too, that "full employ ment” legislation is a "must” for the next session of Congress, i While Mr. Truman did not indi cate what would happen when th* War Labor Board goes out of ex istence, it has been predicted that some agency with similar duties would be established, probably with in the Labor Department. Senat* Majority Leader Barkley already had placed the full employment bill in a list of five subjects with which Congress would be asked to deal. Vandenberg Proposed Parley. The proposal for a labor-manage, ment conference, to work out plans for the peaceful settlement of dis putes in industry, originally wa# made by Senator Vandenberg, Re publican, of Michigan, in a letter to Secretary of Labor Schwellenbach. The latter gave his approval of such a conference and said that he ex pressed his view's in an earlier speech. Since the President's return from Potsdam, the proposal has been sub mitted to him and he has approved the idea. Reaction to the proposal has been favorable throughout th* country. Letters received at the Labor Department, however,* have suggested many diverse ideas re garding the size and scope of th* coming conference. Senator Vandenberg's original idea was that there should be a "United Industrial Peace Confer ence,” which should do for domestic peace what the United Nations Con ference in San Francisco did for in ternational peace—set up the ma chinery for pacific settlement of disputes and lay dowrn broad prin ciples of guidance. Direct Dealing Proposed. There are those, however, who propose that a conference between labor and management deal directly with a number of questions which have been agitated by both sides. Labor would like to have a general plan for advancement of wages dis cussed, along with a definite min imum wage of 65 cents an hour— instead of 40 cents. Some of th# representatives of management, for their part, would like to bring about some agreement on amending Fed eral labor laws, particularly the National Labor Relations Act. Mr. Schwellenbach is giving ear nest consideration to the coming conference. Among the questions he must settle are the size of the conference, how the representatives of the various groups are to be se lected, and the limits to be placed on subjects for consideration. He recognizes the importance of the conference and the great need for its success. He is proceeding with great care, therefore, in formu lating the plans for the conference, which later he will lay before th* President. Soldier Killed, Two Hurt In Celebration on Train fcy the Associated Press, EFFINGHAM, 111., Aug. 16,-One soldier was killed and two others wounded seriously last midnight as gunshots climaxed an impromptu surrender celebration staged by veterans of the European war go ing home on a troop train via Camp Shelby, Miss. Lt. Charles C. Kleinschmidt, New Orleans, in charge of the group involved in the celebration, said today that one soldier was being held under guard pending investi gation. Lt. Kleinschmidt said the names of the casualties would not be re leased until next of kin had been notified. He withheld the name of the soldier being held. The officer gave this version of the affair: The troop train was standing by to switch from Pennsylvania Rail road tracks to those of the Illinois Central. The men were preparing to retire when the celebration broke out. Shots were fired and one man fell dead. Two soldiers were wounded and removed to St. An thony’s Hospital where their condi tion was described as serious. Truman Will Request Peacetime Training Without Draft President Truman told his news conference today that he is going to make recommenda tions to Congress for a universal peacetime training program that will not be conscription. The President, who has never committed himself on the com pulsory idea which had the ap proval of President Roosevelt, gave no details on his plan. He told newsmen that he would tell them about it one of these days. The President also indicated he favored continuation of the draft in order to provide re placements so men who had been on the fighting fronts can come home.