Newspaper Page Text
Guide for Readers
Page. I Amusements... B-10 Churches_A-9-11 Comics. B-8-9 Editorial . A-8 Edit! Articles.. A-9 Lost and Pound, A-3 Page. Obituary. A-6 Radio. B-9 Society. A-6 Sports_ A-12 Where to Go_A-5 Real Estate.. B-l-4 __An Associoted Press Newspaper 93d YEAR. No. 36,995. Phone NA. 5000. WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, AUGUST 18, 1945-TWENTY-TWO PAGES. ★★ » CENTS Jap Envoys to Reach le Island Tomorrow Afternoon if Weather Permits, Tokyo Tells MacArthur _ A -_ Two Aircraft To Be Used for Six-Hour Flight By thi Associated Press. MANILA, Aug. 18.—The Japa nese informed an impatient Gen. MacArthur today that its sur render envoys would arrive in Ie Island, off Okinawa, about 1:20 p.m. Sunday (12:20 a.m., Sunday, Eastern war time) — “weather permitting.” From Ie, the envoys will be flown to Manila in an American plane. They are expected to reach Ma nila at 7 or 8 o'clock Sunday night (7 or 8 a.m., Sunday, EWT). A spokesman said the Japanese credentials would be examined that night but the conference with Gen. MacArthur would not start until Monday. Gen. MacArthur acknowledged re ceipt of the Japanese message -and sent technical details for radio communications between the envoys’ and American forces. Japan’s long-delayed flight sched ule—Gen. MacArthur originally in structed the envoy to reach Ie yes terday en route to Manila—was radioed at 6:33 p.m. today (Manila time) on the designated frequncy. That W'as 87 minutes earlier than Japan had promised the informa tion in a message which also said another frequency would be used. Will Leave in Two Planes. Tokyo said the envoys would de part in two planes from Kisarazu airdrome, southeast of Tokyo, at 7 a.m. (6 p.m. Saturday, Eastern war time). Gen. MacArthur had specified that one plane be used, and that it should depart from Sata Misaki on the southern tip of Kyushu Island. The new Japanese message said the two planes—unarmed, twin-en gined. single-winged, land-attack aircraft—would fly over Sata Misaki and gave a detailed schedule for the flight from that point to Ie. It said the planes would bear ‘mark ijigs designated by you’—green crosses on a white background. The Japanese apparently also were using different type planes than the one Gen. MacArthur designated: ' Zero type, model 22-L2D3.” The general, however, had said they could make such a change. Silent tor Long Period. While Gen. MacArthur, tanked by newly arrived British. American. Australian and Chinese military 'eaders, had awaited Japan's reply to his “without further delay’’ ulti matum for the envoy schedule, the Japanese many hours earlier had reported that its representative would leave Sunday, without desig nating any hour for departure. Then the official channel fell markedly silent" for a long heriod. The Japanese said the envoy planes, after passing over Sata Misaki, would proceed via Nakano, Takara and Tori Islands to Ie. They will fly at 6.000 to 9.000 feet altitude. The message also gave their planes’ call signs and radio frequency and asked for Ie's call sign and fre quency. Meanwhile, preparations con tinued under unusual secrecy for holding the momentous preliminary peace conference here. Headquar ters continued to decline to reveal • here Gen. MacArthur would meet lie emissaries or give any other dvance details. Japs to Be Moved Quietly. Prom all indications, the Japanese will be moved as quietly as possible on their necessary journeys through Manila, whose residents still re member vividly brutalities of the Japanese occupation. It is under stood the visitors will be housed in special residences with a military police guard. The Japanese message giving the envoy schedule was interpreted by some as indicating the Japanese had abandoned hope of further stalling peace negotiations. Tokyo apparently had waited all day for Gen. MacArthur's answer to Its urgent request, made yesterday, that he immediately order cessation • Df the so-called Russian offensive in Manchuria. The Russians earlier had told the Japanese to cease fire end they would do likewise. Gen. MacArthur made no reply ind it is possible he will make none. Although it is still possible the Japanese might attempt to quibble, :heir continuation of plans for the Manila envoy was taken as an indi cation they had decided not to risk further the MacArthur wrath. Pamphlet Campaign Under Way. From Okinawa today, Associated Press Correspondent Richard Ousti ng disclosed a campaign with Damphlets. quoting Emperor Hiro lito, is under way to persuade Jap inese on other Ryukyu islands to lurrender. Pamphlets were dropped by plane resterday for 250 Japanese garri toned on Aka Island, ■ in the Cerama group, due west of South >rn Okinawa. Today a boatload of American troops, accompanied by Americans of Japanese descent .ind Japanese prisoners of war, moved toward the island in an at cempt to obtain surrender. Two months ago, Japanese there refused » surrender until told to do so by iheir Emperor, but agreed not to ire on Americans frequenting the Deaches in search of shell souve airs. Chinese Group Arrives. . A plane from Chungking, arriv ng here at 3:30 p.m. today, brought Sen. Hsu Yung-chang, Chinese (See SURRENDER, Page A-2.) U. S. Planes Are Attacked Again On Photo Mission Over Tokyo Photographer Killed, Two Crewmen Injured; To of 14 Jap Fighters Are Shot'Do&n By the Associated Press. OKINAWA. Aug. 18.—Fourteen Japanese Zeke fighter planes to day attacked two unescorted American B-32s on a reconnais sance mission over Tokyo, killing an aerial photographer in of*? plane, wounding two of its crew and badly damaging both planes. The Americans definitely shot down two of the attacking planes and probably shot down two more. It was the second attack on American reconnaissance planes in1 two days. Today's attack came only a few hours after Japan's official ac ceptance of Gen. MacArthur's in structions to fly a surrender dele gation to Manila tomorrow'. The B-32s were cruising at 20,000 feet over Tokyo when the plane,! piloted by Lt. J. R. Anderson, Char lotte, N. C.. was jumped by the Japa nese, who shot out one of the en gines. Lt. Anderson and his co-pilot. Lt. R. E. Thomas, Comanche, -Tex., dropped behind and radioed the second plane, piloted by Capt. J. Klein, Wassau. Wis., to "slow down." I They reported hearing one Jap ■ pilot reply in English via radio. “Yes, slow' down so I can shoot you.” “Our reply was unprintable,” Lt. Anderson said. <The time of the Incident was not given in this dispatch, but apparently it fell within the 48 hour time limit w'hich the Japa nese said it would require to make Thursday's ceiWse'fire order effective in the* honk islands-) Four unMuw.ef yesterday encountered heavy antiaircraft fire and about 10 Japanese fighters near Yokohama as they approached the Tokyo Bay area on a photo recon caissance mission. One of the big four-engined planes was badly shot up, but none of its crew was injured. Two Jap anese interceptors were listed as probably destroyed as the B-32s were forced into a 20-minute run ning fight with the Japs. Nevertheless, headquarters said their photo mission was successful. Three days ago, Gen. MacArthur announced that offensive action in all sectors had been halted. How ever. he said reconnaissance “will be necessarily continued.’’ There have been several post truce incidents in which Japanese planes attacked American targets. Nearly 12 hours after President Tru man announced the truce, two kamikaze planes crsahed into Ihya Island, 30 miles north of Okinawa, injuring two American soldiers. The following day-, the Japanese later informed Gen. MacArthur, their planes attacked "about 12 American transports" off Shikoku. They siid the attack preceded the Emperor's cease fire order by four hours. They also requested that Allied forces not approach Japan too closely until it was certain all Jap anese forces had received the cease fire order. Japs Must Face Fact They Were Defeated, Foreign Minister Says Flat Statement Follows Series of Face-Saving Surrender Explanations Bj the Associated Press. SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 18.— The Japanese people, treated heretofore to a series of face saving, evasive explanations of their surrender, were told flatly today by one of their top-flight leaders they are a beaten people. After four days of shock-absorb ing statements to the effect the Jap anese defeat “is but temporary,” and "we still think our way of think ing is right,” hard-headed Foreign Minister Mamoru Shigemitsu, who New Premier Calls Special Session Of Jap Cabinet Ly the Associated Press. SAN FRANCISCO. Aug. 18 — An extraordinary session of the Japanese cabinet was called to day by Premier Prince Naruhiko Higashi-Kuni, the Tokyo radio reported; after he received about 40 “personages” in his home where “various confabu lations regarding immediate problems took place.” held the same post in Kuniaki Koi so’s war cabinet, put the Japanese position in plain words. Warns on Over Optimism. “Unfortunately.” he bluntly told a press conference reported by the Japanese Domei News Agency, “we have to face the fact that we have been defeated. "This fact should be admitted as it is, and any over-optimistic view should be avoided. Every Japanese should repeatedly read, and realize, the terms of the Potsdam Declara tion and carry them out courag eously.” The Tokyo newspaper Asahi said Shigemitsu would act as the liaison man between the imperial govern ment and Gen. MacArthur’s oc cupation forces and declared the cabinet was working out a system that "should lessen the trouble pro duced between the Japanese” and Allied troops. Despite the flatness of the foreign minister’s statement, Domei’s broad cast recorded by the Federal Com munications Commission, sought to soften the harshness of reality and stressed a statement by Shigemitsu that Japan must win “the world’s sympathy and understanding.” Earlier, Domei indicated that Ja pan’s invasion jitters were giving way to “occupation jitters.” in deny (See JAPS, Page A-2.) I wo Held Responsible In Trailer Slaying Case A coroner’s jury today held Ray mond Connors, 32, of Yonkers, N. Y., and Joseph Vinci, about 31, of New York City, responsible for the death of Pansy Casbarian, 52. and Edward Barker, 65, who were found shot to death February 23 in a trailer on a used-car lot at 1302 Fourteenth street N.W. The coroner's jury ordered the pair held for action of the grand jury. Connors is now in custody at Yonkers. The name of Vinci appeared in the case for the first time today. Lt. Robert B. Murray of the homi cide squad, in his testimony today, said that Vinci was with Connors the day the killing took plica. Japs in South China Will Surrender in Canton Tomorrow Over-all Capitulation Is Being Arranged With Gen. Okamura By tht Associated Press. CHUNGKING, Aug. 18. — The Chinese 1st Army, veterans of the Burma campaign, entered Canton today and will accept formal surrender of Japanese forces in South China tomor row. Plans were under way for over-all surrender of Japanese troops in China. Tentative arrangements have been made for Gen. Ho Ling-chin, com mander of China’s field forces, to leave Monday for Chihkiang, United States airbase in Western Hunan, to accept over-all surrender from envoys of Lt. Gen. Yosujl Okamura, Japanese commander in China. Other Plans Not Announced. Plans for surrender in North China have not been announced. The national government now is in control of the radio at Peiping, held by the Japanese since 1937, and will rebroadcast programs from the government station in Chungking. The American-trained, American equipped Chinese 1st Army, accept ing the enemy surrender at Canton tomorrow, will liberate the cradle city of the Chinese reevolution. With them will be one-legged Vice Admiral Chan Chak, newly-appoint ed Mayor of the ancient Kwantung Provice port, which has been in Japanese hands since October, 1938. Admiral Chan was the hero of the Christmas Day escape from Kong Kong in 1941, having led a party of British officers into Free China. Vast Areas to Be Freed. The surrender also will free from the invader all occupied areas in South China, including Hainan Is land' and the Luichow Peninsula jutting from the mainland directly to the north of Hainan. Hong Kong also will be liberated. The Chinese 1st Army had been preparing for a major Chinese counteroffensive before the sudden end of the war came. The troops had been flown into China after the Burma campaign, and were poised for the counteroffensive signal which never came. 650 American Civilians Reported Freed in Shanghai Br the Asioclated Presi. LONDON, Aug. 18.—A British Foreign Office commentator, quot ing Swiss Charge d’Affaires, said to day that 6,800 interned Allied na tionals—including 650 American civilians—were liberated by the Japanese in the Shanghai district August 15. The Swiss intermediary at Shang hai reported in a telegram that because of transportation and “in ternal difficulties’* he had advised the newly liberated persons to re main temporarily in camps. He added, however, that “the situ ation is perfectly calm." There were no details as to names or health conditions of the Allied nationals. The report said 6,000 of them were British sub jects, including 330 Australians, 178 Canadians and 14 New Zealanders. Theft also were 180 Dutch subjects. Reds in Harbin To Pick Up Jap Surrender Party Enemy Grdfcp'Will Be Flown Directly to Marshal Vasilevsky By the Associated Press. SAN FANCISCO, Aug. 18.—A Soviet Commission landed today at Harbin, Manchuria, to pick up the Japanese surrender party for that province, the Russian radio at Khabaravsk reported in a broadcast recorded by the Fed eral Communications Commis sion. The broadcast, directed to Gen. Otozo Yamada, commander of the Japanese Kwantung Army, said the Russians reached Harbin at 7:30 p.m. <6:30 am., Eastern war time) and would fly the Japanese delega tion directly to Marshal Alexander M. Vasilevsky. The chief Japanese surrender delegate was identified as a "Gen. Hata.” Marshal Vasilevsky told Gen. Yamada: "I have given orders to the Soviet forces to cease military operations immediately on all sectors of the front after all operations have stopped on your side.” - The Russians previously had issued an ultimatum to the Kwan tung Army to surrender by Monday. Indications of Collapse Of Japanese Front Seen LONDON, Aug. 18 .—An indica tion that the Japanese front in Man churia might be cracking was seen today in Russian reports that 20. 000 of the enemy had laid down their arms. The Russians drove a three-sided assault on Harbin, central Man churian city of nearly half a mil lion population and seat of large war industries. Enemy strongpoints were melting away before the re lentless armored assaults of the Red Army. One force captured Chalatun, a major bastion guarding the com munications center of Lungkiang (Tsitishar), 75 miles southeast of Chalutun and 170 miles from Harbin. Columns pushing forward from the west stormed Wutancheng. Kailu, Tungliao and Kaitung, the latter a defense point on the rail line leading north to Lungkiang and 180 miles southwest of Harbin. Russian naval forces operating in Eastern Manchuria captured Poli on the railroad leading south to Korea and apparently were at tempting to outflank Tangyuan, river strongpoint guarding Harbin. Russian troops have seized Tumen on the northern border of Korea and an early juncture of these army men with marines and sailors in the Korean port of Seishin, 90 miles way, was foreseen. British Announce intent To Occupy Hong Kong By the Associated Press. LONDON, Aug. 18.—A foreign office spokesman said today that “Hong Kong is a part of the British Empire and we intend to occupy it just as any other part,” but he asserted the British were not racing with the Chinese to get there first. He said he could not confirm a report that Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek had notified Britain offi cially that the Chinese intended to occupy the port. The British long have made it plain that after Japans defeat they were determined to return to the big sea base, British held for 100 years. Whether the change in Britain’s government will produce a different stand remains uncertain. A responsible American source said the future of Hong Kong was one of the questions Patrick J. Hurley, United States Ambassador to China, discussed earlier in the year with then Prime 'Minister Churchill and that Mr. Churchill ih sisted Hong Kong must remain un der British control. The liberal British weekly New Statesman and Nation said Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin was” un likely to wish to retain Hong Kong or to regard Malaya as territory for British exploitation.” Gen. Hines is Named Ambassador fo Panama Brig. Gen. Frank T. Hines, „who has just been succeeded as Vet erans’ Administrator by Gen. Omar N. Bradley, was named today by President Truman to be.Ambassador to Panama. The Panama post has been vacant since January when former Ambas sador Avra Warren was called here for service in the State Department. Henry Norweb, now Ambassador to Cuba, was named to the Panama Embassy, but his assignment was changed to Havana before he had reported in Panama. Gen. Hines, 66, is a native of Salt Lake City. During the World War, he served as head of the embarka tion section and was responsible for transporting more than 2,000,000 American soldiers to Europe. He was named veterans’ administrator by former President Hoover in 1030. Before that he had been head of the Veterans’ Bureau for seven yean. I Transferred Bureaus Face Delay in Return To Quarters in Capital Year May Pass Before Enough Space Is Found; Some Not Coming Back Bv JOSEPH YOUNG. Government agencies trans ferred out of town during the war face a delay of at least six months to a year before they are returned to Washington, it was; learned today. Although the Government is eager to return the agencies here as soon as possible, lack of space for the decentralized bureaus is causing delay. A high Government official said that no definite schedule had been! set up, explaining that “it would be foolish to make specific plans until we have the space to house them." Increase in Size. Decentralization of 39 bureaus, agencies and parts of bureaus began early in 1942. Officials point out that one of the difficulties in return ing the transferred groups is that while personnel moved from Wash ington totaled only 17,000, the num ber of employes in these agencies now stands at 47,500. There is a possibility that some decentralized bureaus will be housed in temporary buildings now occupied by war agencies. However, officials believe that it will take several months before some of the war agencies are liquidated. Plans also are being studied to house some of the agencies in the Pentagon, Navy Annex and the Government buildings in Suitland, Md. Here, too, the situation de pends on how quickly space can be obtained from curtailed war agencies. As yet the War and Navy Departments have not announced dismissal plans for their war service appointees. Some Won't Return. Some agencies won’t return here at all. Among those not expected to come back are the Railroad Re tirement Board, now in Chicago, and the Social Security Board’s claim offices in New York City, New Orleans. Philadelphia, Chicago tmd San Francisco. " Government officials feel that the Railroad Retirement Board, which has 1,200 employes, is better located in Chicago, the railroad center of the country, than it would be in Washington. It is also felt that the claim offices of the Social Security Board will better serve the regions they are located in if they are located within the area. The only claim office slated to return is the one in Baltimore with 4.600 employes, the largest claim office of the six. Another bureau not expected to return is the Office of Dependency Benefits in Newark, N. J. Officials feel that it would entail much in convenience to move the voluminous records to Washington. some Already Back. The Patent Office, now in Rich mond, is the only transferred agency that has returned SQme of its em ployes to Washington. One hun dred of its 900 workers are back here. As soon as additional space is found in the Commerce Depart ment Building, the others will re turn, Here's a list of the out-of-town agencies: Agricultural Adjustment Adminis tration—Columbus, Ohio, and vari ous regional offices; Agricultural Conservation and Adjustment Ad ministration, various existing re gional offices; part of Agricultural Marketing Administration, Dallas, New York, New Orleans, Chicago (See AGENCIES, Page A-2.) Leopold May Move Family to Switzerland By the Associated Press. LONDON, Ang. 18.—A Brussels broadcast last night said the Bel gian news agency Belga had an nounced that King Leopold III and the royal family would leave St. Wolfgang, Austria, soon to. live In Switzerland. Belga was quoted as saying the action had been agreed to by the Prince regent, Belgian government, •ad Allied military authorities. Mrs. Wilson Invited To Victory Service At White House - Mrs. Woodrow Wilson, widow of the World War President, has been invited to attend the victory service to be held in the White House at 10 a.m. tomorrow. Press Secretary Charles G. Ross announced today. Mr. Ross said Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt also had been asked to attend the service, but sent word that she could not come to Washington at this time. Navy Yard, District's Largest Employer, to Cut Staff Gradually No Reductions Ordered Yet; Torpedo Station Also Remains Open While more than 1,300 Wash ington area workers were being laid off because of canceled war contracts, the Navy Yard—the city’s largest employer of war workers—announced today that layoffs would be made gradually so ‘‘a lot of jobless people won’t be dumped on Washington at the same time.” Both the Navy Yard and the Naval Torpedo Station at Alexan dria, which visualizes no layoffs at this time, said their future staffs would depend on how much work the Navy gave them to do. Both Navy plants expect to go back on the 40-hour week soon. The Navy Yard will begin the short er work week September 15 and also will go back to one shift instead of three. Employs 19,146 Civilians. With 19,146 civilians now on its payroll, the Navy Yard expects nor mal attrition—workers leaving the plant of their own volition—to take up much of the slack. A number of older employes, a yard spokesman pointed out, were taken back in the plant for the war and will now return to the retired list. Others are expected to leave be cause job controls have been lifted and ‘‘a good many women” are ex pected to quit when their husbands come back from the war. The force of temporary workers, the spokesman said, will be reduced because "we can’t keep them when we have no work for them to do.” The reduction, however, is not ex pected to be large enough to put the (See LAYOFFS, Page A-2.) German Newspaper In Denmark Blown Up By the Associated Press. COPENHAGEN, Aug. 18.—The German-language newspaper Nord schleswigsche Zeitung plant at Aabenraa was blown up early today. Seven bombs had been placed in the building. The structure was de stroyed, but no one was injured. Danish patriots have contended the newspaper took an editorial position opposed to the interests of Denmark and the Allies. Byrnes Tells Bulgaria U.S. DoesNotConsider Regime Democratic Says Arrangements for Election Are Not Free From 'Intimidation' By the Associated Press. Secretary of State Byrnes to day notified the Communist dominated government of Bul garia that the United States does not regard it as adequately representative of all democratic elements in that country. In a blunt statement to the Sofiia administration Secretary Byrnes also declared the Bulgarian gov ernment evidently has not made ar rangements for all the democratic elements In Bulgaria to take part in an election there on August 26 "free from the fear of force and intimidation.” He made it quite clear that while the United States would like to recognize a Bulgarian government, it does not intend to do so until a more representative regime has been set up in that Balkan nation —in the Russian sphere of Eastern Europe. Peace Treaty in Balance. In fact, the United States will not conclude a peace treaty with Bulgaria until that has come about, Mr. Byrnes said. Bulgaria at present is ruled by a ‘‘Fatherland Front” regime, formed in September, 1944, and under the leadership of Prime Minister Kimon Georgiev of the Union Zveno Party since that time. According to offi cial information here, the “Father land Front” nominally includes representatives of Bulgaria’s domi nant Agrarian party, which cir cumstance legally prevents the rank and file of the party from putting (See BULGARIA, Page A-4.) Truman's Order Rescinds Ban on Permanent Jobs Job rights of hundreds of Govern ment employes were restored today when President Truman issued an executive order removing a restric tion on permanent appointments that had been effective through an order issued by President Roosevelt last December. The December order terminated a practice of years under which em ployes received a permanent status when their names were reached on registers, providing instead that they must have been regularly se lected from a certificate issued by the Civil Service Commission to get permanency. At the time the order was issued the Civil Service Commission said that hundreds of workers whose certification had been overlooked in their agencies because of wartime pressure would not be able to qual ify for regular jobs. Today’s order wipes out this dis crimination. Argentina Ends Censorship BUENOS AIRES, Aug. 18 <£>>.— The Argentine government abolished the censorship of incoming and out going news effective yesterday. Th« step was in accordance with an August 7 order lifting Argentina’s state of siege, which had been in effect since soon after Pearl Harbor. 27 Will Receive Honor Medals From Truman at Mass Service By the Associated Press. The largest mass award of Con gressional Medals of Honor will be made by President Truman next Thursday morning to 27 Army offi cers and enlisted men. The White House said today the ceremony will be held at 10 a.m. on the south lawn of the White House, with relatives and a group of offi cials present. The recipients: T/Sergt. Bernard P. Bell, New York City; S/Sergt. Paul L. Bolden, Madison, Ala.; 1st Lt. Cecil H. Bolton, Huntsville, Ala.; S/Sergt. Herschel P. Briles, Ankeny, Iowa; Capt. Bobbie Brown, Columbus, Ga.; Pfc. Herbert H. Burr, Kansas City; 2d Lt. Edward C. Dahlgren, Cari bou, Me.; T/Sergt. Peter J. Dales sondro, Watervliet, N. Y. Capt. Michael J. Daly, Southport, Conn.; S/Sergt. Macario Garcia, Sugar Land, Tex.; T/Sergt. Robert K. Oerstung, Chicago; S/Sergt. James R. Hendrix, Lepanto, Ark.; Pfc. Silvestre S. Herrera, Phoenix, Ariz.; S/Sergt. Robert E. Laws, Altoona, Pa.; Sergt. Charles A. Mac Gillivary, Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, Canada; Pvt. Lloyd G. McCarter, Tacoma, Wash.; Lt. Col. George L. Mabry, Hagood, S. C.; 2d Lt. Donald E. Rudolph, Min neapolis; T/Sergt. Forrest E. Ever hart, Bainbridge, Oljio. Capt. Jack L. Treadwell, Snyder, Okla.; Pfc. George B. Turner, Los Angeles; First Lt. Eli Whiteley, Georgetown, Tex.; First Sergt. Leonard Funk, jr., Wilkinsburg, Pa.; T/Sergt. Francis J. Clark, Salem, N. Y.; S/Sergt. Clyde L. Choate, Anna, 111.; S/Sergt. Raymond H. Cooley, South , Pittsburg, Tenn.; Sergt. Ralph G. Neppel, Glidden, Iowa. Citations for those whose awards have not been previously announced will not be released until the medals are presented. UNRRA Refuses Nations Right To Veto Relief Policy Will Provide Aid to Refugees Not Wishing to Go Home By the Associated Press. LONDON, Aug. 18.—The United Nations Relief and Rehabilita tion Administration today adopt ed a resolution denying govern ments the right to veto aid to their nationals stranded in Eu rope. . Delegates to the conference voted, 28 to 4. to back the action taken earlier by the Policy Committee. Voting against the resolution in the committee were delegates of Soviet Russia, Yugoslavia, Poland and Czechoslovakia. The measure passed, 24 to 4. The split was considered signifi cant by the delegates. They pointed out that the countries objecting to the resolution, which would permit UNRRA temporarily to help refu gees who refuse to return to their homelands, are on the receiving end of UNRRA relief. Amendments Knocked Out. Before adopting the resolution, originally submitted by the British and then redrafted in compromise form by British, United States, French and Norwegian delegates, the committee knocked out by the same 24-4 vote several Yugoslav amendments which would have cramped UNRRA’s ability to aid people who do not want to go home. The conference accepted a United States amendment providing that any imports into Germany needed to care for displaced persons would be paid for by occupying armies in stead of UNRRA, with the cost eventually to come from Germany. Russians and Yugoslavs served no tice that they still were opposed to the resolution and the Russian del egate arose in the closed session to say his country “reserved its rights.’ It was not immediately clear what he meant, but it was understood both the Russians and Yugoslavs intended to make statements on their positions when the measure comes up in public session. v ote considered Decisive. All delegations were represented in the committee and thus the vote was considered decisive, but it still must be approved by the delegates I sitting as a council in an open meet ing. The controversy centered on the political problems of the Poles, Yugoslavs and Russians who may ; choose to remain in exile rather I than return to their own countries. Rudolf Bicanic, Yugoslav repre sentative, said his country reserved : the right to raise its proposed amendments again when the ques i tion comes to a final vote in plenary j session. j He said he was sure his govern ; ment would not be pleased about ; the rejection of Yugoslavia s pro posals which provided among other I things for keeping displaced persons in camps, requiring them to sign ’statements concerning their refusal to go home and prohibiting them j from participating in political activ ity against the home governments, i “From our viewpoint,” he said, I “the question hangs on a few hun dred Yugoslavs in Italy. We don’t consider them a menace to Yugo slavia. but we remember the Ustachi gang of terrorists and we don’t want the nucleus formed for another such group.” The Belgrade radio said the Yugo slav government had decreed that all Yugoslavs liberated from Ger man prison camps who refused to j return to Yugoslavia would lose their 1 nationality. B-29 and B-32 Collide In Texas; 14 Killed By the Associated Press. WEATHERFORD, Tex., Aug. 18 — Bodies of 14 airmen were recovered early today after the crash of two superbombers—a B-29 and a B-32 —over this West Texas town last night. Two injured and bewildered sur j vivors, a flight officer and a crew man of the B-29, said they didn't know what happened. Suddenly they found themselves hurled into the air, they said. They opened their parachutes and floated to safety while blazing parts of the huge ships and flares plummeted earthward and lighted up the skies for 30 miles. Hundreds of persons saw the crash. It was reported the B-29 was based at Clovis, N. Mex. The sur vivors said they had left Tucum cari, N. Mex., yesterday afternoon. S. M. McCarthy, jr„ a 17-year-old Parker County farm youth who was standing in his front yard, saw the bombers collide. He said he saw the lights of the two planes when they were a mile apart—flying high. The lights moved closer. He yelled' to his father. There was a sudden black out of the plane lights. Then there was a ball of Are followed by the noise of an explosion. Flares or tapers of light shot out in all direc tions, the youth related. Nine bodies were recovered from the wreckage of the B-32, 2 miles northwest of Weatherford. Earlier five others had been found in the broken B-29, 4 miles west of Weatherford. 225,000 Germans Put On War Crimes List By the Associated Press. PRAGUE, Aug. 18.—Dr. Bohumil Ecer, Czechoslovakia’s representa tive on the International War Crimes Commission, said today the names of 226,000 Germans were on the provisional war crimes list. In addition to Nazi leaders, ha said, the list includes German finan ciers and Industrialists who helped promote the war.