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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, August 18, 1945, Image 1

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Guide for Readers
Page. I
Amusements... B-10
Churches_A-9-11
Comics. B-8-9
Editorial . A-8
Edit! Articles.. A-9
Lost and Pound, A-3
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Obituary. A-6
Radio. B-9
Society. A-6
Sports_ A-12
Where to Go_A-5
Real Estate.. B-l-4
__An Associoted Press Newspaper
93d YEAR. No. 36,995. Phone NA. 5000.
WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, AUGUST 18, 1945-TWENTY-TWO PAGES. ★★
» CENTS
Jap Envoys to Reach le Island
Tomorrow Afternoon if Weather
Permits, Tokyo Tells MacArthur
_ A -_
Two Aircraft
To Be Used for
Six-Hour Flight
By thi Associated Press.
MANILA, Aug. 18.—The Japa
nese informed an impatient Gen.
MacArthur today that its sur
render envoys would arrive in
Ie Island, off Okinawa, about
1:20 p.m. Sunday (12:20 a.m.,
Sunday, Eastern war time) —
“weather permitting.”
From Ie, the envoys will be flown
to Manila in an American plane.
They are expected to reach Ma
nila at 7 or 8 o'clock Sunday night
(7 or 8 a.m., Sunday, EWT).
A spokesman said the Japanese
credentials would be examined that
night but the conference with Gen.
MacArthur would not start until
Monday.
Gen. MacArthur acknowledged re
ceipt of the Japanese message -and
sent technical details for radio
communications between the envoys’
and American forces.
Japan’s long-delayed flight sched
ule—Gen. MacArthur originally in
structed the envoy to reach Ie yes
terday en route to Manila—was
radioed at 6:33 p.m. today (Manila
time) on the designated frequncy.
That W'as 87 minutes earlier than
Japan had promised the informa
tion in a message which also said
another frequency would be used.
Will Leave in Two Planes.
Tokyo said the envoys would de
part in two planes from Kisarazu
airdrome, southeast of Tokyo, at 7
a.m. (6 p.m. Saturday, Eastern war
time).
Gen. MacArthur had specified
that one plane be used, and that
it should depart from Sata Misaki
on the southern tip of Kyushu
Island.
The new Japanese message said
the two planes—unarmed, twin-en
gined. single-winged, land-attack
aircraft—would fly over Sata Misaki
and gave a detailed schedule for
the flight from that point to Ie. It
said the planes would bear ‘mark
ijigs designated by you’—green
crosses on a white background.
The Japanese apparently also were
using different type planes than the
one Gen. MacArthur designated:
' Zero type, model 22-L2D3.” The
general, however, had said they
could make such a change.
Silent tor Long Period.
While Gen. MacArthur, tanked
by newly arrived British. American.
Australian and Chinese military
'eaders, had awaited Japan's reply
to his “without further delay’’ ulti
matum for the envoy schedule, the
Japanese many hours earlier had
reported that its representative
would leave Sunday, without desig
nating any hour for departure. Then
the official channel fell markedly
silent" for a long heriod.
The Japanese said the envoy
planes, after passing over Sata
Misaki, would proceed via Nakano,
Takara and Tori Islands to Ie. They
will fly at 6.000 to 9.000 feet altitude.
The message also gave their planes’
call signs and radio frequency and
asked for Ie's call sign and fre
quency.
Meanwhile, preparations con
tinued under unusual secrecy for
holding the momentous preliminary
peace conference here. Headquar
ters continued to decline to reveal
• here Gen. MacArthur would meet
lie emissaries or give any other
dvance details.
Japs to Be Moved Quietly.
Prom all indications, the Japanese
will be moved as quietly as possible
on their necessary journeys through
Manila, whose residents still re
member vividly brutalities of the
Japanese occupation. It is under
stood the visitors will be housed in
special residences with a military
police guard.
The Japanese message giving the
envoy schedule was interpreted by
some as indicating the Japanese had
abandoned hope of further stalling
peace negotiations.
Tokyo apparently had waited all
day for Gen. MacArthur's answer to
Its urgent request, made yesterday,
that he immediately order cessation
• Df the so-called Russian offensive in
Manchuria. The Russians earlier
had told the Japanese to cease fire
end they would do likewise.
Gen. MacArthur made no reply
ind it is possible he will make none.
Although it is still possible the
Japanese might attempt to quibble,
:heir continuation of plans for the
Manila envoy was taken as an indi
cation they had decided not to risk
further the MacArthur wrath.
Pamphlet Campaign Under Way.
From Okinawa today, Associated
Press Correspondent Richard Ousti
ng disclosed a campaign with
Damphlets. quoting Emperor Hiro
lito, is under way to persuade Jap
inese on other Ryukyu islands to
lurrender.
Pamphlets were dropped by plane
resterday for 250 Japanese garri
toned on Aka Island, ■ in the
Cerama group, due west of South
>rn Okinawa. Today a boatload of
American troops, accompanied by
Americans of Japanese descent
.ind Japanese prisoners of war,
moved toward the island in an at
cempt to obtain surrender. Two
months ago, Japanese there refused
» surrender until told to do so by
iheir Emperor, but agreed not to
ire on Americans frequenting the
Deaches in search of shell souve
airs.
Chinese Group Arrives.
. A plane from Chungking, arriv
ng here at 3:30 p.m. today, brought
Sen. Hsu Yung-chang, Chinese
(See SURRENDER, Page A-2.)
U. S. Planes Are Attacked Again
On Photo Mission Over Tokyo
Photographer Killed, Two Crewmen Injured;
To of 14 Jap Fighters Are Shot'Do&n
By the Associated Press.
OKINAWA. Aug. 18.—Fourteen
Japanese Zeke fighter planes to
day attacked two unescorted
American B-32s on a reconnais
sance mission over Tokyo, killing
an aerial photographer in of*?
plane, wounding two of its crew
and badly damaging both planes.
The Americans definitely shot
down two of the attacking planes
and probably shot down two more.
It was the second attack on
American reconnaissance planes in1
two days. Today's attack came only
a few hours after Japan's official ac
ceptance of Gen. MacArthur's in
structions to fly a surrender dele
gation to Manila tomorrow'.
The B-32s were cruising at 20,000
feet over Tokyo when the plane,!
piloted by Lt. J. R. Anderson, Char
lotte, N. C.. was jumped by the Japa
nese, who shot out one of the en
gines.
Lt. Anderson and his co-pilot. Lt.
R. E. Thomas, Comanche, -Tex.,
dropped behind and radioed the
second plane, piloted by Capt. J.
Klein, Wassau. Wis., to "slow down."
I They reported hearing one Jap
■ pilot reply in English via radio. “Yes,
slow' down so I can shoot you.”
“Our reply was unprintable,” Lt.
Anderson said.
<The time of the Incident was
not given in this dispatch, but
apparently it fell within the 48
hour time limit w'hich the Japa
nese said it would require to
make Thursday's ceiWse'fire order
effective in the* honk islands-)
Four unMuw.ef yesterday
encountered heavy antiaircraft fire
and about 10 Japanese fighters near
Yokohama as they approached the
Tokyo Bay area on a photo recon
caissance mission.
One of the big four-engined
planes was badly shot up, but none
of its crew was injured. Two Jap
anese interceptors were listed as
probably destroyed as the B-32s
were forced into a 20-minute run
ning fight with the Japs.
Nevertheless, headquarters said
their photo mission was successful.
Three days ago, Gen. MacArthur
announced that offensive action in
all sectors had been halted. How
ever. he said reconnaissance “will be
necessarily continued.’’
There have been several post
truce incidents in which Japanese
planes attacked American targets.
Nearly 12 hours after President Tru
man announced the truce, two
kamikaze planes crsahed into Ihya
Island, 30 miles north of Okinawa,
injuring two American soldiers.
The following day-, the Japanese
later informed Gen. MacArthur,
their planes attacked "about 12
American transports" off Shikoku.
They siid the attack preceded the
Emperor's cease fire order by four
hours.
They also requested that Allied
forces not approach Japan too
closely until it was certain all Jap
anese forces had received the cease
fire order.
Japs Must Face Fact
They Were Defeated,
Foreign Minister Says
Flat Statement Follows
Series of Face-Saving
Surrender Explanations
Bj the Associated Press.
SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 18.—
The Japanese people, treated
heretofore to a series of face
saving, evasive explanations of
their surrender, were told flatly
today by one of their top-flight
leaders they are a beaten people.
After four days of shock-absorb
ing statements to the effect the Jap
anese defeat “is but temporary,”
and "we still think our way of think
ing is right,” hard-headed Foreign
Minister Mamoru Shigemitsu, who
New Premier Calls
Special Session
Of Jap Cabinet
Ly the Associated Press.
SAN FRANCISCO. Aug. 18 —
An extraordinary session of the
Japanese cabinet was called to
day by Premier Prince Naruhiko
Higashi-Kuni, the Tokyo radio
reported; after he received
about 40 “personages” in his
home where “various confabu
lations regarding immediate
problems took place.”
held the same post in Kuniaki Koi
so’s war cabinet, put the Japanese
position in plain words.
Warns on Over Optimism.
“Unfortunately.” he bluntly told
a press conference reported by the
Japanese Domei News Agency, “we
have to face the fact that we have
been defeated.
"This fact should be admitted as
it is, and any over-optimistic view
should be avoided. Every Japanese
should repeatedly read, and realize,
the terms of the Potsdam Declara
tion and carry them out courag
eously.”
The Tokyo newspaper Asahi said
Shigemitsu would act as the liaison
man between the imperial govern
ment and Gen. MacArthur’s oc
cupation forces and declared the
cabinet was working out a system
that "should lessen the trouble pro
duced between the Japanese” and
Allied troops.
Despite the flatness of the foreign
minister’s statement, Domei’s broad
cast recorded by the Federal Com
munications Commission, sought to
soften the harshness of reality and
stressed a statement by Shigemitsu
that Japan must win “the world’s
sympathy and understanding.”
Earlier, Domei indicated that Ja
pan’s invasion jitters were giving
way to “occupation jitters.” in deny
(See JAPS, Page A-2.)
I wo Held Responsible
In Trailer Slaying Case
A coroner’s jury today held Ray
mond Connors, 32, of Yonkers, N. Y.,
and Joseph Vinci, about 31, of New
York City, responsible for the death
of Pansy Casbarian, 52. and Edward
Barker, 65, who were found shot to
death February 23 in a trailer on a
used-car lot at 1302 Fourteenth
street N.W.
The coroner's jury ordered the
pair held for action of the grand
jury. Connors is now in custody at
Yonkers.
The name of Vinci appeared in
the case for the first time today.
Lt. Robert B. Murray of the homi
cide squad, in his testimony today,
said that Vinci was with Connors
the day the killing took plica.
Japs in South China
Will Surrender in
Canton Tomorrow
Over-all Capitulation
Is Being Arranged
With Gen. Okamura
By tht Associated Press.
CHUNGKING, Aug. 18. — The
Chinese 1st Army, veterans of
the Burma campaign, entered
Canton today and will accept
formal surrender of Japanese
forces in South China tomor
row. Plans were under way for
over-all surrender of Japanese
troops in China.
Tentative arrangements have been
made for Gen. Ho Ling-chin, com
mander of China’s field forces, to
leave Monday for Chihkiang, United
States airbase in Western Hunan,
to accept over-all surrender from
envoys of Lt. Gen. Yosujl Okamura,
Japanese commander in China.
Other Plans Not Announced.
Plans for surrender in North
China have not been announced.
The national government now is
in control of the radio at Peiping,
held by the Japanese since 1937, and
will rebroadcast programs from the
government station in Chungking.
The American-trained, American
equipped Chinese 1st Army, accept
ing the enemy surrender at Canton
tomorrow, will liberate the cradle
city of the Chinese reevolution.
With them will be one-legged Vice
Admiral Chan Chak, newly-appoint
ed Mayor of the ancient Kwantung
Provice port, which has been in
Japanese hands since October, 1938.
Admiral Chan was the hero of
the Christmas Day escape from
Kong Kong in 1941, having led a
party of British officers into Free
China.
Vast Areas to Be Freed.
The surrender also will free from
the invader all occupied areas in
South China, including Hainan Is
land' and the Luichow Peninsula
jutting from the mainland directly
to the north of Hainan.
Hong Kong also will be liberated.
The Chinese 1st Army had been
preparing for a major Chinese
counteroffensive before the sudden
end of the war came. The troops
had been flown into China after the
Burma campaign, and were poised
for the counteroffensive signal which
never came.
650 American Civilians
Reported Freed in Shanghai
Br the Asioclated Presi.
LONDON, Aug. 18.—A British
Foreign Office commentator, quot
ing Swiss Charge d’Affaires, said to
day that 6,800 interned Allied na
tionals—including 650 American
civilians—were liberated by the
Japanese in the Shanghai district
August 15.
The Swiss intermediary at Shang
hai reported in a telegram that
because of transportation and “in
ternal difficulties’* he had advised
the newly liberated persons to re
main temporarily in camps.
He added, however, that “the situ
ation is perfectly calm."
There were no details as to
names or health conditions of the
Allied nationals. The report said
6,000 of them were British sub
jects, including 330 Australians, 178
Canadians and 14 New Zealanders.
Theft also were 180 Dutch subjects.
Reds in Harbin
To Pick Up Jap
Surrender Party
Enemy Grdfcp'Will Be
Flown Directly to
Marshal Vasilevsky
By the Associated Press.
SAN FANCISCO, Aug. 18.—A
Soviet Commission landed today
at Harbin, Manchuria, to pick
up the Japanese surrender party
for that province, the Russian
radio at Khabaravsk reported in
a broadcast recorded by the Fed
eral Communications Commis
sion.
The broadcast, directed to Gen.
Otozo Yamada, commander of the
Japanese Kwantung Army, said the
Russians reached Harbin at 7:30
p.m. <6:30 am., Eastern war time)
and would fly the Japanese delega
tion directly to Marshal Alexander
M. Vasilevsky. The chief Japanese
surrender delegate was identified as
a "Gen. Hata.”
Marshal Vasilevsky told Gen.
Yamada:
"I have given orders to the Soviet
forces to cease military operations
immediately on all sectors of the
front after all operations have
stopped on your side.” -
The Russians previously had
issued an ultimatum to the Kwan
tung Army to surrender by Monday.
Indications of Collapse
Of Japanese Front Seen
LONDON, Aug. 18 .—An indica
tion that the Japanese front in Man
churia might be cracking was seen
today in Russian reports that 20.
000 of the enemy had laid down
their arms.
The Russians drove a three-sided
assault on Harbin, central Man
churian city of nearly half a mil
lion population and seat of large
war industries. Enemy strongpoints
were melting away before the re
lentless armored assaults of the
Red Army.
One force captured Chalatun, a
major bastion guarding the com
munications center of Lungkiang
(Tsitishar), 75 miles southeast of
Chalutun and 170 miles from Harbin.
Columns pushing forward from
the west stormed Wutancheng.
Kailu, Tungliao and Kaitung, the
latter a defense point on the rail
line leading north to Lungkiang
and 180 miles southwest of Harbin.
Russian naval forces operating in
Eastern Manchuria captured Poli
on the railroad leading south to
Korea and apparently were at
tempting to outflank Tangyuan,
river strongpoint guarding Harbin.
Russian troops have seized Tumen
on the northern border of Korea
and an early juncture of these
army men with marines and sailors
in the Korean port of Seishin, 90
miles way, was foreseen.
British Announce intent
To Occupy Hong Kong
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, Aug. 18.—A foreign
office spokesman said today that
“Hong Kong is a part of the British
Empire and we intend to occupy
it just as any other part,” but he
asserted the British were not racing
with the Chinese to get there first.
He said he could not confirm a
report that Generalissimo Chiang
Kai-shek had notified Britain offi
cially that the Chinese intended
to occupy the port. The British
long have made it plain that after
Japans defeat they were determined
to return to the big sea base, British
held for 100 years. Whether the
change in Britain’s government will
produce a different stand remains
uncertain.
A responsible American source
said the future of Hong Kong was
one of the questions Patrick J.
Hurley, United States Ambassador
to China, discussed earlier in the
year with then Prime 'Minister
Churchill and that Mr. Churchill ih
sisted Hong Kong must remain un
der British control.
The liberal British weekly New
Statesman and Nation said Foreign
Secretary Ernest Bevin was” un
likely to wish to retain Hong Kong
or to regard Malaya as territory for
British exploitation.”
Gen. Hines is Named
Ambassador fo Panama
Brig. Gen. Frank T. Hines, „who
has just been succeeded as Vet
erans’ Administrator by Gen. Omar
N. Bradley, was named today by
President Truman to be.Ambassador
to Panama.
The Panama post has been vacant
since January when former Ambas
sador Avra Warren was called here
for service in the State Department.
Henry Norweb, now Ambassador to
Cuba, was named to the Panama
Embassy, but his assignment was
changed to Havana before he had
reported in Panama.
Gen. Hines, 66, is a native of Salt
Lake City. During the World War,
he served as head of the embarka
tion section and was responsible for
transporting more than 2,000,000
American soldiers to Europe. He
was named veterans’ administrator
by former President Hoover in 1030.
Before that he had been head of
the Veterans’ Bureau for seven
yean. I
Transferred Bureaus
Face Delay in Return
To Quarters in Capital
Year May Pass Before
Enough Space Is Found;
Some Not Coming Back
Bv JOSEPH YOUNG.
Government agencies trans
ferred out of town during the
war face a delay of at least six
months to a year before they are
returned to Washington, it was;
learned today.
Although the Government is eager
to return the agencies here as soon
as possible, lack of space for the
decentralized bureaus is causing
delay.
A high Government official said
that no definite schedule had been!
set up, explaining that “it would be
foolish to make specific plans until
we have the space to house them."
Increase in Size.
Decentralization of 39 bureaus,
agencies and parts of bureaus began
early in 1942. Officials point out
that one of the difficulties in return
ing the transferred groups is that
while personnel moved from Wash
ington totaled only 17,000, the num
ber of employes in these agencies
now stands at 47,500.
There is a possibility that some
decentralized bureaus will be housed
in temporary buildings now occupied
by war agencies. However, officials
believe that it will take several
months before some of the war
agencies are liquidated.
Plans also are being studied to
house some of the agencies in the
Pentagon, Navy Annex and the
Government buildings in Suitland,
Md. Here, too, the situation de
pends on how quickly space can
be obtained from curtailed war
agencies. As yet the War and Navy
Departments have not announced
dismissal plans for their war service
appointees.
Some Won't Return.
Some agencies won’t return here
at all. Among those not expected
to come back are the Railroad Re
tirement Board, now in Chicago,
and the Social Security Board’s
claim offices in New York City, New
Orleans. Philadelphia, Chicago tmd
San Francisco.
" Government officials feel that the
Railroad Retirement Board, which
has 1,200 employes, is better located
in Chicago, the railroad center of
the country, than it would be in
Washington. It is also felt that the
claim offices of the Social Security
Board will better serve the regions
they are located in if they are
located within the area.
The only claim office slated to
return is the one in Baltimore with
4.600 employes, the largest claim
office of the six.
Another bureau not expected to
return is the Office of Dependency
Benefits in Newark, N. J. Officials
feel that it would entail much in
convenience to move the voluminous
records to Washington.
some Already Back.
The Patent Office, now in Rich
mond, is the only transferred agency
that has returned SQme of its em
ployes to Washington. One hun
dred of its 900 workers are back
here. As soon as additional space
is found in the Commerce Depart
ment Building, the others will re
turn,
Here's a list of the out-of-town
agencies:
Agricultural Adjustment Adminis
tration—Columbus, Ohio, and vari
ous regional offices; Agricultural
Conservation and Adjustment Ad
ministration, various existing re
gional offices; part of Agricultural
Marketing Administration, Dallas,
New York, New Orleans, Chicago
(See AGENCIES, Page A-2.)
Leopold May Move
Family to Switzerland
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, Ang. 18.—A Brussels
broadcast last night said the Bel
gian news agency Belga had an
nounced that King Leopold III and
the royal family would leave St.
Wolfgang, Austria, soon to. live In
Switzerland.
Belga was quoted as saying the
action had been agreed to by the
Prince regent, Belgian government,
•ad Allied military authorities.
Mrs. Wilson Invited
To Victory Service
At White House -
Mrs. Woodrow Wilson, widow
of the World War President,
has been invited to attend the
victory service to be held in
the White House at 10 a.m.
tomorrow. Press Secretary
Charles G. Ross announced
today.
Mr. Ross said Mrs. Franklin
D. Roosevelt also had been
asked to attend the service, but
sent word that she could not
come to Washington at this
time.
Navy Yard, District's
Largest Employer, to
Cut Staff Gradually
No Reductions Ordered
Yet; Torpedo Station
Also Remains Open
While more than 1,300 Wash
ington area workers were being
laid off because of canceled war
contracts, the Navy Yard—the
city’s largest employer of war
workers—announced today that
layoffs would be made gradually
so ‘‘a lot of jobless people won’t
be dumped on Washington at the
same time.”
Both the Navy Yard and the
Naval Torpedo Station at Alexan
dria, which visualizes no layoffs at
this time, said their future staffs
would depend on how much work
the Navy gave them to do.
Both Navy plants expect to go
back on the 40-hour week soon.
The Navy Yard will begin the short
er work week September 15 and
also will go back to one shift instead
of three.
Employs 19,146 Civilians.
With 19,146 civilians now on its
payroll, the Navy Yard expects nor
mal attrition—workers leaving the
plant of their own volition—to take
up much of the slack. A number of
older employes, a yard spokesman
pointed out, were taken back in the
plant for the war and will now
return to the retired list.
Others are expected to leave be
cause job controls have been lifted
and ‘‘a good many women” are ex
pected to quit when their husbands
come back from the war.
The force of temporary workers,
the spokesman said, will be reduced
because "we can’t keep them when
we have no work for them to do.”
The reduction, however, is not ex
pected to be large enough to put the
(See LAYOFFS, Page A-2.)
German Newspaper
In Denmark Blown Up
By the Associated Press.
COPENHAGEN, Aug. 18.—The
German-language newspaper Nord
schleswigsche Zeitung plant at
Aabenraa was blown up early today.
Seven bombs had been placed in the
building. The structure was de
stroyed, but no one was injured.
Danish patriots have contended
the newspaper took an editorial
position opposed to the interests of
Denmark and the Allies.
Byrnes Tells Bulgaria
U.S. DoesNotConsider
Regime Democratic
Says Arrangements for
Election Are Not Free
From 'Intimidation'
By the Associated Press.
Secretary of State Byrnes to
day notified the Communist
dominated government of Bul
garia that the United States
does not regard it as adequately
representative of all democratic
elements in that country.
In a blunt statement to the Sofiia
administration Secretary Byrnes
also declared the Bulgarian gov
ernment evidently has not made ar
rangements for all the democratic
elements In Bulgaria to take part
in an election there on August 26
"free from the fear of force and
intimidation.”
He made it quite clear that while
the United States would like to
recognize a Bulgarian government,
it does not intend to do so until
a more representative regime has
been set up in that Balkan nation
—in the Russian sphere of Eastern
Europe.
Peace Treaty in Balance.
In fact, the United States will
not conclude a peace treaty with
Bulgaria until that has come about,
Mr. Byrnes said.
Bulgaria at present is ruled by a
‘‘Fatherland Front” regime, formed
in September, 1944, and under the
leadership of Prime Minister Kimon
Georgiev of the Union Zveno Party
since that time. According to offi
cial information here, the “Father
land Front” nominally includes
representatives of Bulgaria’s domi
nant Agrarian party, which cir
cumstance legally prevents the rank
and file of the party from putting
(See BULGARIA, Page A-4.)
Truman's Order Rescinds
Ban on Permanent Jobs
Job rights of hundreds of Govern
ment employes were restored today
when President Truman issued an
executive order removing a restric
tion on permanent appointments
that had been effective through an
order issued by President Roosevelt
last December.
The December order terminated a
practice of years under which em
ployes received a permanent status
when their names were reached on
registers, providing instead that
they must have been regularly se
lected from a certificate issued by
the Civil Service Commission to get
permanency.
At the time the order was issued
the Civil Service Commission said
that hundreds of workers whose
certification had been overlooked in
their agencies because of wartime
pressure would not be able to qual
ify for regular jobs.
Today’s order wipes out this dis
crimination.
Argentina Ends Censorship
BUENOS AIRES, Aug. 18 <£>>.—
The Argentine government abolished
the censorship of incoming and out
going news effective yesterday. Th«
step was in accordance with an
August 7 order lifting Argentina’s
state of siege, which had been in
effect since soon after Pearl Harbor.
27 Will Receive Honor Medals
From Truman at Mass Service
By the Associated Press.
The largest mass award of Con
gressional Medals of Honor will be
made by President Truman next
Thursday morning to 27 Army offi
cers and enlisted men.
The White House said today the
ceremony will be held at 10 a.m. on
the south lawn of the White House,
with relatives and a group of offi
cials present.
The recipients:
T/Sergt. Bernard P. Bell, New
York City; S/Sergt. Paul L. Bolden,
Madison, Ala.; 1st Lt. Cecil H.
Bolton, Huntsville, Ala.; S/Sergt.
Herschel P. Briles, Ankeny, Iowa;
Capt. Bobbie Brown, Columbus, Ga.;
Pfc. Herbert H. Burr, Kansas City;
2d Lt. Edward C. Dahlgren, Cari
bou, Me.; T/Sergt. Peter J. Dales
sondro, Watervliet, N. Y.
Capt. Michael J. Daly, Southport,
Conn.; S/Sergt. Macario Garcia,
Sugar Land, Tex.; T/Sergt. Robert
K. Oerstung, Chicago; S/Sergt.
James R. Hendrix, Lepanto, Ark.;
Pfc. Silvestre S. Herrera, Phoenix,
Ariz.; S/Sergt. Robert E. Laws,
Altoona, Pa.; Sergt. Charles A. Mac
Gillivary, Charlottetown, Prince
Edward Island, Canada; Pvt. Lloyd
G. McCarter, Tacoma, Wash.; Lt.
Col. George L. Mabry, Hagood, S. C.;
2d Lt. Donald E. Rudolph, Min
neapolis; T/Sergt. Forrest E. Ever
hart, Bainbridge, Oljio.
Capt. Jack L. Treadwell, Snyder,
Okla.; Pfc. George B. Turner, Los
Angeles; First Lt. Eli Whiteley,
Georgetown, Tex.; First Sergt.
Leonard Funk, jr., Wilkinsburg, Pa.;
T/Sergt. Francis J. Clark, Salem,
N. Y.; S/Sergt. Clyde L. Choate,
Anna, 111.; S/Sergt. Raymond H.
Cooley, South , Pittsburg, Tenn.;
Sergt. Ralph G. Neppel, Glidden,
Iowa.
Citations for those whose awards
have not been previously announced
will not be released until the medals
are presented.
UNRRA Refuses
Nations Right
To Veto Relief
Policy Will Provide
Aid to Refugees Not
Wishing to Go Home
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, Aug. 18.—The United
Nations Relief and Rehabilita
tion Administration today adopt
ed a resolution denying govern
ments the right to veto aid to
their nationals stranded in Eu
rope.
. Delegates to the conference voted,
28 to 4. to back the action taken
earlier by the Policy Committee.
Voting against the resolution in
the committee were delegates of
Soviet Russia, Yugoslavia, Poland
and Czechoslovakia. The measure
passed, 24 to 4.
The split was considered signifi
cant by the delegates. They pointed
out that the countries objecting to
the resolution, which would permit
UNRRA temporarily to help refu
gees who refuse to return to their
homelands, are on the receiving
end of UNRRA relief.
Amendments Knocked Out.
Before adopting the resolution,
originally submitted by the British
and then redrafted in compromise
form by British, United States,
French and Norwegian delegates,
the committee knocked out by the
same 24-4 vote several Yugoslav
amendments which would have
cramped UNRRA’s ability to aid
people who do not want to go home.
The conference accepted a United
States amendment providing that
any imports into Germany needed
to care for displaced persons would
be paid for by occupying armies in
stead of UNRRA, with the cost
eventually to come from Germany.
Russians and Yugoslavs served no
tice that they still were opposed to
the resolution and the Russian del
egate arose in the closed session to
say his country “reserved its rights.’
It was not immediately clear what
he meant, but it was understood
both the Russians and Yugoslavs
intended to make statements on
their positions when the measure
comes up in public session.
v ote considered Decisive.
All delegations were represented
in the committee and thus the vote
was considered decisive, but it still
must be approved by the delegates
I sitting as a council in an open meet
ing.
The controversy centered on the
political problems of the Poles,
Yugoslavs and Russians who may
; choose to remain in exile rather
I than return to their own countries.
Rudolf Bicanic, Yugoslav repre
sentative, said his country reserved
: the right to raise its proposed
amendments again when the ques
i tion comes to a final vote in plenary
j session.
j He said he was sure his govern
; ment would not be pleased about
; the rejection of Yugoslavia s pro
posals which provided among other
I things for keeping displaced persons
in camps, requiring them to sign
’statements concerning their refusal
to go home and prohibiting them
j from participating in political activ
ity against the home governments,
i “From our viewpoint,” he said,
I “the question hangs on a few hun
dred Yugoslavs in Italy. We don’t
consider them a menace to Yugo
slavia. but we remember the Ustachi
gang of terrorists and we don’t want
the nucleus formed for another such
group.”
The Belgrade radio said the Yugo
slav government had decreed that
all Yugoslavs liberated from Ger
man prison camps who refused to
j return to Yugoslavia would lose their
1 nationality.
B-29 and B-32 Collide
In Texas; 14 Killed
By the Associated Press.
WEATHERFORD, Tex., Aug. 18 —
Bodies of 14 airmen were recovered
early today after the crash of two
superbombers—a B-29 and a B-32
—over this West Texas town last
night.
Two injured and bewildered sur
j vivors, a flight officer and a crew
man of the B-29, said they didn't
know what happened.
Suddenly they found themselves
hurled into the air, they said. They
opened their parachutes and floated
to safety while blazing parts of the
huge ships and flares plummeted
earthward and lighted up the skies
for 30 miles. Hundreds of persons
saw the crash.
It was reported the B-29 was
based at Clovis, N. Mex. The sur
vivors said they had left Tucum
cari, N. Mex., yesterday afternoon.
S. M. McCarthy, jr„ a 17-year-old
Parker County farm youth who was
standing in his front yard, saw the
bombers collide.
He said he saw the lights of the
two planes when they were a mile
apart—flying high. The lights
moved closer. He yelled' to his
father. There was a sudden black
out of the plane lights. Then there
was a ball of Are followed by the
noise of an explosion. Flares or
tapers of light shot out in all direc
tions, the youth related.
Nine bodies were recovered from
the wreckage of the B-32, 2 miles
northwest of Weatherford. Earlier
five others had been found in the
broken B-29, 4 miles west of
Weatherford.
225,000 Germans Put
On War Crimes List
By the Associated Press.
PRAGUE, Aug. 18.—Dr. Bohumil
Ecer, Czechoslovakia’s representa
tive on the International War
Crimes Commission, said today the
names of 226,000 Germans were on
the provisional war crimes list.
In addition to Nazi leaders, ha
said, the list includes German finan
ciers and Industrialists who helped
promote the war.

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