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Weather Forecast Mostly sunny, near 85 today; clear to night. Tomorrow fair, moderately warm. Temperatures today —High, 82, at noon; low, 65, at 6:40 am. Yesterday— High, 84, at 2:54 pm.; low, 65, at 6:20 am. Late New York Markets, Page A-II. Ki Guide for Readers Page I Amusements _B-14 Comics.B-12-13 Editorial _A-« Edit! Articles. _.A-7 Finance_A-ll Lost and Found, A-3 Page. Obituary .A-12 Radio .B-13 Society _B-3 Sports ..A-8-9 Where to GO-..B-5 Woman’s Page..B-8 An Associated Press Newspaper 93d YEAR. No. 36,997. Phone NA. 5000. WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, AUGUST 20, 194£-TWENTY-SIX PAGES. City Home Delivery. Dally and Sunday er /~t-rvVTrnCJ 80a a Month. When 6 Sunday*. Jl.oo *> UJbjJN To Formal Surrender to Be Signed Within 10 Days, MacArthur Says; Japs Fear Uprising of People Conference Ends, Delegates Leave Manila for Homo B» the Associated Pres*. MANILA, Aug. 20.—Formal surrender of Japan will be signed within 10 days, Gen. MacArthur announced today. Only adverse weather can delay the formal end of the war, the su preme Allied commander said as he sent Emperor Hirohito’s delegates flying home with detailed instruc tions on the Allied occupation. Within 24 hours after their arrival in Manila, the Mikado’s emissaries left Nichols Field at 7:03 p.m. today. They left behind full details needed by Gen. MacArthur for imminent victorious entry into Japan at the head of ground, air and naval occu pation forces . These forces will be prepared, a headquarters spokesman said, “for any contingency.’’ The envoys were told the date Gen. MacArthur and his accom panying forces intend to arrive in Japan and instructed to prepare the necessary airfields, harbors, and other facilities for their arrival. Immediate Report Expected. It was expected that Lt. Gen. Takashiro Kawabe and the other emissaries would report immediately to high government and military officials and perhaps to the Emperor himself. “We will do the best possible to make sure that all arrang%ments are completed on time,” the emis saries said before leaving Manila. It was understood that the formal surrender will be signed by Gen. MacArthur in or near Tokyo. Thereafter, a statement issued by the supreme commander said, hej will direct the Japanese imperial headquarters to issue instructions for the unconditional surrender of all Japanese commanders abroad to surrender their forces to the appropriate theater commanders. It was understood that all plans were definitely made during whirl-1 wind conferences here last night and this morning and that no fur ther exchange of radio instructions t would be necessary. Air Definitely Cleared. The Manila sessions definitely cleared the air, MacArthur aides said, and made a successful occupa tion of Japan more promising. None can say, however, whether “disorders” reported today by the Tokyo radio will end before Allied forces arrive. The land, sea and air occupation of Japan presumably will be con ducted as a simultaneous and well co-ordinated action. The original occupation forces were expected to be largely American, backed by American air forces and Admiral William F. Halsey’s 3d Fleet still lying off Japan. A headquarters spokesman said that for the present a “technical; state of truce” exists. No formal j surrender will be signed before the American entry. Hirohito’s 16 surrender emissaries to Manila returned to Tokyo by air loaded down with 24 or 25 pages of detailed documents on what should ! be done to prepare for the occupa tion. MacArthur Coldly Aloof. During the entire session, Gen. MacArthur was coldly aloof and never once met the Japanese. At the end of today’s session Lt. Gen. Richard E. Sutherland, Gen. MacArthur’s chief of staff, and the remainder of the American delega tion arose. Then the Japanese stood up. “I appreciate your co-operation and wish you a safe journey home,” Gen. Sutherland said. Somber-faced Gen. Kawabe re plied, “I deeply appreciate the many kindnesses you have shown. I feel them sincerely.” The entire procedure for ending the Pacific war, from Japan's sur render offer through the series of MacArthur-Japanese radiocasts and the Manila Conference, has been in the nature of wartime pathfinding. The procedures followed had no precedent. Confidence Prevails. However, general confidence pre vailed that the occupation of an uninvaded but beaten country will be successful though perhaps not without incident Gen. MacArthur and a large num ber of headquarters officials were expected to depart within a few days by plane for Japan. Air officials at the Manila con (See SURRENDER. Page A-4.) MacArthur Silent On Kuriles Protest By the Associated Pres*. MANILA, Aug. 20.—Gen. Mac Arthur’s headquarters had no com ment today on the Tokyo radio’s report that Japanese troops were resisting an Allied landing in the Kuriles north of the main Japanese islands. Tokyo radioed the supreme com mander of the Allied powers yester day shortly before surrender emis saries arrived here for conferences: “Some of your forces landed on Shimushu Island (Kuriles) on Au gust 18. Our forces are obliged to resort to arms for self-defense. Now that hostilities between both par ties having been prohibited, it is earnestly to be desired that the hos tile actions will soon be ceased.” Although there was no qomment here on the Tokyo report, it was noted here that Shimushu, north ernmost island in the Kurile chain, is across a narrow, channel from Russia’s Kamchatka Peninsula and that the Russians have announced intention to keep on fighting until the Japanese lay down their arms. U. S. to Help in Greek Election; Bevin Hits Improper Regimes Bulgarian, Romanian, Hungarian Setups Assailed by Briton By the Associated Press. LONDON, Aug. 20.—Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin told Commons today that the gov ernments of Bulgaria, Romania and Hungary—all in the Soviet sphere—“do not represent the majority of the people." He expressed conviction that the crown colony of Hong Kong on China’s coast would revert to Great Britain, although he foresaw possi ble difficulties. “We have now taken steps to receive the surrender of Japanese forces in Hong Kong,” Mr. Bevin asserted. “There may still be dif ficulties but they will be overcome and I am sure that in agreement with our Chinese and American Al lies our territory will be returned to us.” This was one of many points cov ered in Mr. Bevin’s report of about 5,000 words. He said the new Labor govern (See BEVIN, Page A-5.) Commission Will Be Sent to See Will of People Triumphs The United States is prepared to send a commission to Greece to assist in making sure that forthcoming elections there con stitute a “free expression” of the will of the Greek people, the State Department announced today. This responsibility will be shared on an equal basis with the British and French governments, the an nouncement said. It added that Russia had found itself “unable to accept an invitation to participate in this task,” but would be kept fully informed of all developments in Greece. The department said that the "disinterested duty” of assisting In the Greek elections was undertaken in • accordance with responsibilities accepted at the Crimea Conference to help liberated European countries solve their political problems by democratic means, and "with the (See GREEKS, Page A-5J Jap Envoys Get Orders From D. C. Officer In Own Language Col. Mashbir Directed Landing of Surrender Party in Manila By W. H. SHIPPEN, Jr., Star War Correspondent. MANILA, Aug. 20—The expert on Japanese affairs who greeted the Emperor’s envoys in their own tongue on their arrival here late yesterday, is a well-known Wash ingtonian, Col. Sidney F- ^vlashbir, linguist, research engineer and member of Gen. MacArthur’s staff for the past three years. Stepping into the big Skymaster on Nichols Field before a tense throng of officials and correspon dents, Col. Mashbir arranged for the 16 Japanese to descend in order of rank to the soil of the once fair capital which the Emperor ;s troops had bombed, invaded, looted and burned. Conducted Psychological War. The Washingtonian, whose family lives at 4934 Indian lane N.W., Spring Valley, has known the Japa nese since the day 25 years ago when he began to work for peace between the two nations. In the final weeks of the campaign he con COL. S. F. MASHRJR. —AP Photo. ducted a psychological war against the military caste by appealing to the liberals to throw off their yoke. Having lived almost five years in Japan and studied its history, cul ture and psychology for a genera tion, Col. Mashbir is convinced the masses be ved they were winning the war up until the day of the Emperor’s surrender proclamation. The sudden shock of falling idols, he believes, may create a wave of mass hysteria. This should be short lived and followed by a reaction of relief from feudal tyranny. Given opportunity, the colonel said, the Japanese will be obedient to the nth degree, scrupulously polite and law abiding when the army of oc cupation arrives. The Japs who followed Col. Mash bir from the bi» Army Air Trans (See SHIPPEN, Page A-5.) Wainwright, Freed By 'Chutists, Is Due In Chungking Soon Gen. Parker Also Rescued From Jap Prison; Word Of Devereux Awaited By the Associated Preti. CHUNGKING, Aug. 20.—Lt. Gen. Jonathan M. Wainwright, the hero of Corregidor who was rescued from a Japanese prison camp by American parachutists, is due in Chungking shortly and may witness the formal sur render of the forces which held him more than three years. Among the hundreds of Allied prisoners released by the sudden arrival of the air-borne teams car rying relief supplies were Maj. Gen. George M. Parker, jr., of Portland, Oreg., who served under Gen. Wain wright in the final days of the bat tle of the Philippines, and A. W. L. Tjarda van Starkenborgh Stachou wer, governor general of the Nether lands East Indies. Also ’with Gen. Wainwright in Manchuria, it was learned on high authority, were Lt. Gen. Arthur Percival, British commander at Singapore when that stronghold was captured by the Japanese in 1942, and Sir Shenton Thomas, governor of Singapore. The dropping of the humanitar ion teams brought a protest from the Japanese general staff. The Japanese informed Gen. MacArthur that the action endangered the smooth cessation of hostilities and asked him to see that no more such "incidents” occurred. Gen. Wainwright, 61-year-old leader of the heroic American and Philippine forces at Corregidor, was a captive of the Japanese for three years and three months. The Amer ican general was found at a prisoner of war camp at Hsian, 100 miles north of Mukden, by members of one of the six-man teams parachuted into the Japanese-held territory last Thursday. Lt. Gen. Albert C. Wedemeyer, United States commander in China, said Gen. Wainwright was well and that he was being brought to Chungking. Gen. Wedemeyer said he had not yet been informed whether Lt. Col. James P. Devereux of Chevy Chase, Md., leader of the heroic stand on • (See WAINWRIGHT, Page A-sX Second Puppet Official Of Japs at Nanking Dies By the Associated Pres*. The Japanese Domei agency today reported that Gen. Hsiao Chu hsuan, former war minister of the Japanese puppet government at Nanking, died yesterday. Gen. Hsiao’s death followed by two days that of Chen Chun, presi dent of the executive Yuan of the Nanking puppet government, whose passing was reported yesterday by Domei. In neither case was the cause of death disclosed. High Nazis' Testimony Taken As Trial of Quisling Begins bj tne Associated Press. OSLO, Aug. 20.—Testimony of Hermann Goering, Joachim von Ribbentrop and other high ranking Nazis will be introduced against Vidkun Quisling, the prosecution disclosed today as the former puppet premier of Norway went on trial on charges of treason. # State Prosecutor Annaeus Schodjt announced that Allied and Nor wegian officials now are taking the testimony of the Nazi witnesses in Germany, where the Nazi leaders themselves soon are to be tried as war criminals. He said that those whose testi mony was being taken included Al fred Rosenberg, former German Minister of Affairs in Eastern Oc cupied Regions; Field Marshal Wil [helm Keitel and Col. Gen. Gucstav Jodi. Schodjt further declared Quisling met Grand Admiral Eric Raeder, Germany’s naval chief, and Rosen berg in Berlin on December 11,1939, and planned the German invasion of Norway which took place four months later. Quisling met Hitler on December 14 and 15, 1939, Schojdt charged, and also received 200,000 gold marks from an anti-British company for his part in planning the invasion. Quisling paled perceptibly as the accusation rang out. Schojdt waved a document which he said had been found in Germany in which the entire political and military prepa rations for the action in Norway were outlined for Hitler by Rosen berg. The surprise disclosure came as (See QUISLING, Page A-10.) Forces Needed To Keep Order, Tokyo Indicates By the Associated Press. MANILA, Aug. 20.—The Japa nese indicated in an official mes sage to Gen. Mac Arthur today that it would be necessary for the present to keep armed forces both in Japan and on the con tinent to maintain order. Tokyo also asked Gen. MacArthur to send officials to Investigate "the actual situation in China.” The message—heard by the Asso ciated Press monitor—said Japanese forces already had completely ceased hostilities and “intend to carry out the demands mentioned in the joint proclamation” of Potsdam. However, the Japanese added, "it is deemed necessary to take appro priate measures for the maintenance of order and the protection of the general public.” The message made no further statement on the situation in China. (The Federal Communications Commission in San Francisco heard one message, presumably beamed to Gen. MacArthur, say ing that Chungking and Chinese Communist forces were rushing into Japanese-held territory making separate surrender de mands, confusing the situation.) "Let us add,” the message con cluded, “that the above report and the request of ours is being made out of a sincere desire to cdrry out promptly our requirements.” Maintenance of 'Peace And Order' Is Urged Japan—beaten on the battlefield, financially and economically crip pled and lacking even sufficient food for its people—is on the verge of complete internal upheaval, broad casts from that island empire lndi-1 cated plainly today. The apparent fear of a public out burst was voiced continually in broadcasts recorded by the FCC. both from the Japanese Dome! news agency and the Tokyo radio, as officials and newspapers alike ap pealed to the people for mainten ance of “peace and order.” Dr. Chuso Iwata, Justice Minister in the new Japanese cabinet, and as such the highest police official in Japan, pointed out in a press con ference that the Allied conquerors might take a hand should local authority fail. He warned that the Japan "of the future will have to face a considerably different situa tion than she did while she was still powerful, militarily and financially, because she is now a defeated na tion.” Police Chief Echoes Views. Dr. Iwata’s views were echoed by Sinya Saka, new chief of the Tokyo metropolitan police, in his first ad dress to the Tokyo force. “The post war maintenance of peace and order will be drastically different from wartime,” Saka cautioned. Premier Prince Naruhiko Higashi Kuni added his voice to the list with the appeal to the people to “main tain strict discipline and equanimity in the face of the current situation.” The Tokyo newspapers took time from their campaign to calm the despairing people to tell leaders who had plunged the nation into the disastrous war they were henceforth useless, and to indicate the govern ment was experiencing difficulty in handling elements of the militarist clique Urave Difficulties. The Nippon Times considered gravely the difficulties confronting the cabinet in the maintenance of general peace and order and then observed that “control of the mili tary” presented to Premier Higashi Kuni an even greater problem. Throughout the editorial ran an appeal to the people to remain calm and to carry opt the terms for peace laid down by the Allies. The Tokyo newspaper Asahi urged the people to “reflect seriously on the grave mistake made in the past of following government leadership blindly” and urged all to participate in the government henceforth. Change in Thought Urged. “Only in this way,” Asahai added, "can a change in national thought be effected and the Japanese nation get out of the present darkness and despair into a world of hope and construction.” Paralleling Asahai’s reference to the “unrest, fear and despair” of the people, the Nippon Times ob served that the instructions given by Emperor Hirohito to Higashi Kuni when the Prince was ordered to form a new government "indicate the grave problems” whch confront the defeated nation. “Maintenance of public order will undoubtedly present difficult prob lems In the days to come,” the Nip pon Times said, and added: "The control of the military pre sents an even greater problem. But the imperial rescript enjoining strict discipline upon the armed forces makes it certain that a greater part of the military will strictly obey the imperial will.” The Mainichi Ehimbun urged the munitions plants and other employ ers not to lay off workers during the time of uncertainty. False Leaders Decried. Mainichi likewise called on the people to take more general inter est in politics and to repudiate their false leaders. "The people • * * know Just what it was that led the present leaders to become the unsuitable leaders that they are for the present state of affairs,” Mainichi said. "The people know how to select their own (See JAPS, Page A-S.) General Santa Claus Chinese Communists Reported in Clash With Regular Army Chiang's Troops Advance Northward Into Shansi; Maneuver Is Indicated REDS READY TO OCCUPY key Manchurian cities. Page A-2 By the Associated Press. j CHUNGKING, Aug. 20 — Cred j ible reports today said Gen. Yeh Si-shan’s regular Chinese forces had clashed with Chinese Com 1 munists near Taiyuan, Japanese occupied capital of Shansi Prov ince in North China. The Communists were said to have seised the airfield near Tai yuan an<r then been ejected by the regulars. Earlier, the high command an nounced the reoccupation of a small town near Taiyuan and a string of nearly a dosen other towns along the Taiyuan-Tatung railway, chief north-south communications in Shansi. (The movement of Generalis simo Chiang Kai-shek's troops northward into Shansi indicated he might be maneuvering to put forces between Yenan, Commu nist seat in Shensi Province to the west, and the Chinese sea board with its important cities of Peiping, Tientsin, Tsingtao, Nan king and Shanghai.) Dispatches to Chungking showed several national government agen cies already functioning in Shang hai, apparently without interference from the Japanese. Pro-Chinese government newspapers were openly published in Shanghai. Envoys Reported Sent. Other reports said Japanese troops at Amoy, last enemy pocket in coastal Fukien Province, had sent envoys to the Chinese lines to ar range surrender. Meanwhile, Chinese government troops, striking swiftly into North China, were reported advancing on Paotow in the Inner Mongolian Province of Suiyuan, 100 miles northwest of the Shansi border and 330 miles west of Peiping. The development came as the Chinese awaited the arrival of sur render envoys from the Japanese supreme command and coincided with a warning by the Chinese Com munist commander to Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek to act swiftly to avert a “grave threat” of civil war between the government and Com munist forces. Other Chinese troops, under Gen. Tang En-po, reoccupied several towns, including Wuchow, important former treaty port on the West River, 115 miles west of Canton. There was no indication of any fighting and it was presumed the Japanese withdrew peacefully. The troops at Paotow are com manded by Gen. Fu Tso-yi. Troops in North China alSo reoccupied Taiyuan in Shansi, 10 miles from the occupied provincial capital of the same name. * In the maritime province of Chekiang Chinese regulars under Gen. Ku Chu-tung reoccupied Nin ghai and Fenshui, and regulars and militia took over six other towns. All arrangements have been com (See CHINA, Page A-5.) Gas and Fuel Oil Price Ceilings to Be Reduced By the Associated Press. Ceiling prices on gasoline and fuel oils will be reduced soon in the Dis trict and the 17 States comprising the Eastern Seaboard area, the OPA announced today. Reductions will range from 0.6' of a cent to 1.2 cents a gallon for gaso line; 1 cent to 1M cents a gallon for kerosene, heating oils and diesel fuel, and from to IS to 30 cents a barrel for heavy industrial fuel oils. In general, these amounts repre sent Increases in ceiling prices granted during the war to help de fray the extra cost of transporting petroleum products to the East Coast area, resulting from aban donment of tanker transportation. Two additional men from the District area have been reported killed in this war. See ",On the Honor Roll,” page A-2. --_I| ---. I Military Lumber Requirements Reduced by Billion Board Feet Action by Army, Navy Will Speed Plans For Resumption of Civilian. Construction By MALCOLM LAMBORNE, Jr. The Army and Navy have cut back their lumber requirements by 1,000,000,000 board feet in the last five days, it was learned to day, thus clearing the way for a resumption of civilian construc tion earlier than Government officials had anticipated. The Army’s Central Agency has canceled orders for 600,000,000 feet,, while the Navy is in the process of writing off 400.000,000 feet of lumber. These figures are for direct mili tary use, and do not include an un disclosed amount of lumber used in war production and by many manu facturers for crating purposes. In the third quarter of this year, the military was scheduled to use about 1,000,000.000 feet of lumber directly. One Government expert trans lated the billion board feet into $450,000,000 worth of private hous ing, or about 100,000 housing units. This was based, he said, on the fact that for every $1,000,000 spent on pri vate housing this year, about 2,200,- ! 000 feet of lumber was used. War Production Board officials estimate that until the war ended, direct and indirect military use of lumber this year was to have been about 22,500,000,000 board feet, or 75 per cent of all lumber available in the United States. Hugh Potter, construction co-ordi nator in the Office of War Mobiliza •Sae LUMBER, Page A-10.) Allies Are Expected To Ask Vast Sums In American Credit British Say New Plan For Aid Needed With End of Lease-Lend By the Associated Press. LONDON. Aug. 20.—Britain and other Allied nations facing the end of American lease-lend aid are expected to seek vast credits from the United States to obtain needed supplies in the immediate postwar period. British quarters expressed no sur prise over a Washington-reported Aldrich Soys U. S. Must Help Britain With Reconversion By tht Associated Press. LONDON. Aug. 20.—Win throp W. Aldrich, chairman of the Chase National Bank of New York, said today that with the end of lease-lend "the United States must stand ready to grant England the immedi ate financial aid she needs to effect the transition from war to peace.” Mr. Aldrich, speaking before the American Chamber of Commerce in London, departed from his prepared address urg ing free enterprise rather than state controls and inferentially disagreeing with the policies of Britain’s new Labor govern ment, to say that Britain also must be helped to re-establish her export busines and that “something must be done finan cially to help stabilize the pound-dollar relationship." decision to close the mutual-aid program. “It was obvious,” a British For eign Office commentator said, “that the United States would cease lease lend as soon as the war was over. - “But we believe something else will be worked out whereby Britain and other Allied countries will be (See BORROWING, Page A-10.) Restrictions Lifted on Use of Gas And Gas-Burning Equipment The War Production Board today removed all restrictions on the use of natural gas and gas-burning equipment, and at the same time revoked restrictions on space heat ing by natural and mixed gas utili ties in Washington and seven States. The way thus is cleared for home owners to convert to gas as a source of heat, providing equipment can be found. ' An official of the Washington Gas Light Co. said the company antici pated no difficulties in meeting the new gas demands, once the flow of natural gas into Washington is in creased and heating units are avail able. The gas heating equipment in dustry is now in the process of re conversion, but production of units has not yet begun, according to the utility official. l Bradley First Witness At Senate Hearing on . Job Bill Tomorrow Veterans' Administrator Is Called After Wagner Confers With President I By J. A. O’LEARY. Gen. Omar Bradley, new ad ministrator of veterans’ affairs, will be the first witness tomor row when the Senate Banking Committee resumes hearings on the full employment bill. Chair man Wagner announced today following a conference with President Truman. Senator Wagner, whose commit tee will be the first to begin work on problems created by Japanese surrender, went to the White House with Senator Murray, Democrat, of Montana, co-author of the full em ployment bill. The President previously had la j beled the bill ‘‘must’ legislation, land Senator Wagner indicated Mr. Truman reiterated his support of it today. The New York Senator said the President also expressed hope Con gress would consider the Wagner Murray-Dingell bill for broad ex pansion of the Social Security Act to take in health and other new forms of welfare protection. Face Jobless Aid Battle. Before going into this broad pro vision of social security, however, Congress, which returns September 5, will face a more immediate bat tle over increasing unemployment compensation for workers already becoming idle in connection with postwar reconversion. The committee had held two pre liminary meetings on the full em ployment measure before Congress recessed and is expected to speed up its consideration in view of the sudden ending of the war. By next Monday another group of lawmakers, on the House Ways and Means Committee, will be back in Washington to begin a study of tax revision for 1946. Other emergency items on the (See CONGRESS, Page A-10.) The company was prohibited from selling gas to homes or buildings which had not previously used gas for heating. WPB’s Office of War Utilities re voked order U-7, which for three years prohibited new uses of gas by natural gas companies, except as specifically authorized It also provided for the integration of nat ural gas operation and curtailment of consumption during emergency shortage periods. The space heating ban against mixed gas utilities applied also to New York, Pennsylvania, Maryland Virginia, West Virginia, Kentucky and Ohio. WPB also informed gas companies they may once more conduct pro motional sales campaigns to en courage new space heating and in dustrial consumption. 327,000 to Get Navy Discharges By December 15 Jacobs Orders All Releases on Points Completed in 120 Days By ROBERT BRUSKIN. The Navy disclosed today that 327,000 persons eligible for re lease under the demobilization program will be discharged by December 15. Vice Admiral Randall Jacobs, chief of the Bureau of Personnel, said the officers and enlisted men who became eligible under the point release program, announced last week, "must be discharged within 120 days from August 15.” Other discharges and liberaliza tion of the point program “depend on military commitments in the Pa cific,” he added. He also disclosed the Navy has re duced its selective service quota for September from 17,000 to 10,000 and the Marines have reduced their re quirements from 5,000 to 3,000. Some Released for U. S. Jobs. There are now 3,389,000 men and women in the Navy, 460,000 in the Marines, and 170,000 in the Coast Guard, he revealed. Of those in the Navy only 7 per cent have not served overseas, he added, exclusive of several hundred thousand now in training preparatory to foreign as signments. Admiral Jacobs said the Navy's present and projected separation centers will be capable of discharg ing 16.000 officers and enlisted men each day and up to 500,000 each month. While emphasis under the point formula is the release of men over 42, those with outstanding combat records and hardship cases, in that order. Admiral Jacobs disclosed that a small number of individuals have been released for Government agen cies when the agencies have re quested them by name and where a necessity for their service exists. Each case, he added, is being han dled on its individual merits. 261.000 Enlisted Men. Of the 327,000 immediately eligible for release who will don civilian clothes by December 15. 261.000 are enlisted men, 40,000 are officers, 20, 000 are eligible for release because they hold awards for valor, and 5,700 are WAVES. The Navy announced August 15 the critical score for enlisted per sonnel as 44 points, for officers as 49 points, for WAVE enlisted per sonnel, 29 points, and for WAVE officers,, 35 points. This is based on one-half point for each year of age, one-half point for each month of active service, and 10 points if the individual has a dependent. In addition, Admiral Jacobs estimated there are 23.000 officers and en listed men who are eligible for re lease if they desire because they hold medals for valor. Snyder and Gardner Calfed to White House Ey the Associated Press. President Truman continued to give top place to postwar problems today, calling to the White House Reconversion Director John W. Snyder and a special advisory com mittee on reconversion problems. The committee, headed by former Gov. O. Max Gardner of North Carolina, consists of representatives of organized business, labor and farm groups. It was created to advise the Office of War Mobiliza tion and Reconversion when Sec retary of State Byrnes was director. Queen Elizabeth Docks At Home Port First Time By the Associated Press. SOUTHAMPTON, England, Aug. 20—The Queen Elizabeth steamed into her home port today for the first time as heavy mist obscured her from hundreds who crowded the waterside. Senator Pepper, Democrat, of Florida and a number of American businessmen were passengers. Avery Brundage was aboard, en route to a meeting of the International Olympics Committee in London. Since the ship started war service from New York in 1941 she has steamed 447,000 miles and carried 688,000 Allied personnel in 75 At lantic crossings. Two Nazi Submarines Still Unaccounted For By the Associated Press. LONDON, Aug. 20.—Two German submarines still are unaccounted for following the surrender of the U-977 off the Argentine coast Au gust 17, an Admiralty spokesman said today. The two missing U-boats are be lieved to have been sunk. President Orders Overtime Wages For August 15-16 President Truman today issued an executive order providing that workers in plants handling war contracts who were on the job last Wednesday and Thursday should be paid at the rate of time and one half. The order was necessitated by confusion that arose from an execu tive order granting war workers overtime for “V-J day,” which was interpreted by a White House state ment as applying to a two-day holi day decreed by President Truman for Government workers on the two-day holiday following the Jap anese surrender. A later statement by the White House said the first one was in error and that the extra pay was not in tended to apply until the President proclaimed V-J day after the Jap anese have signed surrender terms. Under today’s executive order, the premium pay will not now apply on V-J day.