Newspaper Page Text
Weather Forecast I Guide^for Readers Sunny, warm today, high near 84; clear, After Dark_B-6 Lost and Found, A-3 mild tonight. Fair and warm tomorrow. M ■ t k ■'"W Amusement* A-18-19 Obituary _A-14 —*- ■ ■ ■ ■ MX Comics .—B-18-19 Radio .B-19 Temperatures—High, 79, at 1:30 p.m.; W jU ■ Wr Editorial .A-l* Society .B-3 low, 47, at 5:35 a.m. Yesterday—High, > Edit! Articles, A-13 8ports A-38-31 77, at 3:30 p.m.; low, 43, at 6:11 a.m. ▼ I Finance —A-23 Woman’s Page, B-12 Lote New York Morkets, Page A-23. _V, _ _ An Associated Press Newspaper __ 93d YEAR. No. 37,056. Phone NA. 5000. WASHINGTON, D _ S CENTS Allies Indict 24 Nazi Leaders On Four Counts for War Crimes; Hearings Expected Next Month Chief Judge for Soviet Presides At Session (Partial Text of Indictment on Page A-2.) By the A&sociatei. Press. BERLIN, Oct. 18.—A massive book-size indictment charging German war criminals collec-’ tively and individually with crimes which led to the world’s worst war was filed today at the first public session of the Inter national War Crimes Tribunal. The court session at which the 25,000-word document was formally handed up was held in the high ceilinged room of the Allied Control Authority Building—the same build ing where some of the participants •in the July, 1944, plot against Adolf Hitler were tried. Nikitchenko Presides. In the big, ornate chamber which formerly housed the Berlin Superior Court, history s first international military tribunal set to work after a brief opening eeremony conducted in four languages. Maj. Gen. I- T. Nikitchenko, chief judge for the Soviet Union, presided. After swearing in members of the tribunal, he announced the court was in session. Then the “prose cutors preanted tne indictment. Nikitcherico arose, acknowledged acceptanceTof the indictment, and made a statement for the court wnicxi cubuiuseu umi 111 uuuiuuxi iu the 24 major individual defendants, the prosecution would seek to con vict six Nazi party and military groups as criminal organizations. The 24 top-ranking Nazis named in the indictment are charged in dividually and collectively with a multiplicity of crimes costing mil lions of lives. Their hearings prob ably will begin in November, the defendants having been given 30 days in which to prepare their cases. Disposition of Nazis Weighed. Meanwhile, deliberations already are under way in Berlin among representatives of the United States, Britain, the Soviet tJnion . and France on the disposition of Ger mans not classed as war criminals but deemed, none the less, menac ing to the future peace of the world. Among these are high-ranking offi cers of the General Staff Corps, in cluding officers in the Navy and air force, who have demonstrated they possess dangerous potentiali ties. All are lumped together in what is called the “elite group.” There are two other groupings. One lists persons of dangerous skilled capacities, such as scientists who produced the V weapons and those who have received decotorates in chemistry and research. The other embraces those considered more than nominal Nazis, who might be dangerous politically. Nikitchenko announced that Brit ain’s Lord Justice Lawrence would preside at the trial at Nuernberg, and announced that “promptly after the serving of the indictments, the tribunal shall fix and announce the date of the trial.” The indictments were to be served today on the de fendants, who are in custody at Nuernberg. Organizations Held Criminal. Nikitchenko said the prosecution would seek to prove these organiza tions were criminal: The Reich cabinet, the leadership corps of the Nazi party; the Schutz staffeln (SS>, the Sicherheitsdienst (SD, or secret service), the Sturm abteilung (SA, or storm troops), the general staff and the high command of the Nazi armed forces. A spokesman for the United States prosecutor said the last named pair—the general staff and high command—would be considered as "one entity, with a choice represent ative segment specifically indicted.” "Notice will be given under Article 9 of the Charter,” Nikitchenko said, “that the prosecution intends to ask the tribunal to declare these organi zations or groups, of which the de fendants or some of them were members, are criminal organizations, and any member of any such group will be entitled to apply tiT the tri bunal for leave to be heard by the tribunal upon the question of the (See CRIMES, Page A^37) British Acquire Two Seized German Liners Br the Associated Press. The War Shipping Administra tion said today two German liners seized aa war prizes by this country have been turned over to the Brit ish for operation. A WSA spokesman identified the vessels as the 16,000-ton Milwaukee and the 12,000-ton Carribia. He said the decision to turn them over to the British had been made by the Allied Control Committee in Berlin. WSA said the vessels were a part of the United Maritime Authority shipping pool. The agency said it had no information what nation would get the ships when the ship ping pool is dissolved next March. The Milwaukee, built in 1929, can carry 1,100 passengers. The car rier, constructed in 1933, has a 386 passenger capacity. The British Information Service issued a statement today saying its attention had been called to a re port that the British plan to take over 800 to 1,000 Liberty ships owned by the United States. The service declared the British Merchant Shipping Mission cate gorically denies “there is any truth *'■» these statements.” 1 ►-———— -* " " ... ' This Is My Story: Wainwright Tells How Japs Bombed Plainly Marked Hospital Raid Killed Nurses, Doctors and Patients; Attempts to Get Food Prove Failure (Twelfth of a Series.) By GEN. JONATHAN M. WAINWRIGHT. One of my first acts after assuming command of all United States forces in the Philippines—on March 21, 1942—was to take personal charge of my supplies. Aside from the pressing prob lem of food for my actually starving men on Bataan, I had to have ammunition of many kinds. I especially needed the type of antiaircraft ammunition capable of keeping Jap bombers, fighters and their unending observation planes high enough to cut into their effectiveness. There were two types of antiaircraft ammunition in use then. We had what was called the powder-train fused ammunition, in which the fuse exploded the shell after burning a coil of powder, but the maximum altitude you could get out of that type was about 20,000 feet. The other type was mechanically1 fused ammunition, which had, in effect, a set of watch works in the fuse. You could set those works to explode the shell as high as 28,000 feet. We had but little of this, iso immediately aft er my'arrival on The Rock I com menced working on Gen. Mac Arthur and the War Department to get me more of this type. I was able to send some of Corregidor’s food stocks Over to Bataan. About Gen. \v»it.writht. the middle of February, MacArthur, looking to the inevitable future, had stocked up a fair store of provisions on The Rock. He had envisioned a last-ditch stand on Corregidor by 20.000 men, not the 11,000 or so I had; and cached enough food to feed them on half rations until July 1, 1942. Beginning with my arrival on The Rock I began parcelling out some of that food to Bataan. But it was little more than a crumb for the 70.000 starving men over there. Yet the shipments cut into Corregidor’s stock to a point where I figured—at the start of the battle for The Rock —that our 11,000 defenders would consume it all by June 20, 1942, on less than half rations. I learned shortly after getting to Corregidor that there were two sup ply ships in Philippine waters loaded with food, gas and oil. The food ship was at Cebu City and the fuel ship at Iloilo, on Panay. I contacted my officers at those islands and asked them to find interisland skip pers willing to run the gantlet up to Corregidor. They replied that there (Continued on Page A-6, Column 1.) Truman Says British Reject Plan to Admit Jews in Palestine Proposal to Place Refugees Reported Still Being Studied President Truman disclosed at his news conference today that the British government had re jected his proposal to admit 100, 000 Jewish refugees to Palestine, but he said the matter still is under consideration. He added that the British are willing to admit some. The president said he made th< suggestion as one means of dealing with the problem created by the displacement of so many Jews fron their homes in Europe. The correspondence between the President and Prime Minister Attlee never has been made public anc the President was asked today if it would be passible yet to disclose the exchange. He said no, because the matter was still under consid eration by the British and tha' he did not want to appear to b' pressing them on it. He added tha' he felt the request was a reason able one and that he hoper Prime Minister Attlee would comph with it. Mi. Truman would not say just exactly how many Jews the British would permit to enter, explaining only that Mr. Attlee didn't wart to admit as many as he had asked him to. He said, in response to another question, a report in Congress that the British were willing to admit 1,800 was approximately correct, but he added their offer had exceeded that figure. 90 Pel. of Illegal Narcotics Declared Cut Off in Japan By the Associated Press. TOKYO, Oct. 18.—Allied head quarters estimated today it had cut off 90 per cent of the world's illegal narcotic supply in ordering the de struction of all narcotics-yleldinf plant crops in Japan and Korea and banning future planting and cultivation The order also froze all present stocks in the two countries. The League of nations and inde pendent observers have long charged that Japan was the world’s leading source of narcotics. This was sub stantiated by inspectors from Allied headquarters, who reported that bookkeeping controls and handling of the drug itself in factories war loose and that smuggling of opium hashish, morphine and cocaine had been commonly observed in Japa nese transocean vessels before ihe war The inspectors. said there w» well-documented evidence that the Japanese supplied narcotics to sub jugated peoples in their quest oi an empire. Late Bulletin Senate Votes Slum Bill The Senate, without a dis senting vote, today passed and sent to the House a liberalized version of the compromise McCarran - Burton - Capper slum clearance and redevelop ment bill, calling for a 10 year $20,000,000 program for rebuilding blighted areas of the National Capital. ■ United Nations Group Overrides Soviet on Trusteeship Proposal Creation of Temporary Committee Proposed By Executive Body E> the Associated Pres*. LONDON, Oct. 18.—Overriding the objections of Russia. Yugo slavia and Czechoslovakia, the United Nations Executive Com mittee today recommended the 1 creation of a temporary trustee ship committee to handle inter nsftional territories. The vote was 7 to 3. The Soviet delegate, Andrei Gromyko startled the committee with his opposition to a report, pre Truman Not Informed Of Reason for Trip By Gromyko Here President Truman today told his news conference that he die not know the reason for Rus sian Ambassador Gromyko, flying trip to Washington twe days ago and added that hr wisheu he did. The trip seemed to interest everybody, he added, and said he assumed it was made for personal reasons. ■ Asked if he had received anj message from Premier Stalin lately, he said one, but added H bore on former correspondence and had no relation to the pres ent situation. The President also said there was no further meeting of the Big Three, in sight and ex pressed confidence that plan? for the meeting to form a Par Eastern Advisory Commissior would work out. viously agreed on in a subcommit tee, to create a temporary commit tee. Mr. Gromyko said the United Na tions Charter did not provide for a temporary committee, and gave no other reason. But delegates said privately they believed the Russian stand on Italian colonies might be a uaou; uiutivc. nusdia ims mui cated a desire for a share of Italian colonies for administration if these territories are not put under col lective United Nations trusteeship. Takes Seat on Committee. Adlai Stevenson, American deputy delegate, said he thought a tem porary committee would speed the formation of trusteeships under the permanent arrangement. Mr. Gromyko took his seat on the United Nations Executive Commit (See TRUSTEESHIP, Page A-22T Strike Delays Repair Of 50 Minesweepers Bj the Assorts tt fl Press. SAN PEDRO, Cwif., Oct. 18—Re pair of approximately 20 mine sweepers needed for Pacific opera tions is being delayed jy a strike | involving 5,000 AFL ship repair [workers in the Los Angeles Harbor area, the Navy public information office disclosed yesterday. The Navy said the minesweeper work held top priority and would be resumed as soon as possible. The 5,000 ship repair workers went on strike October 12 in 14 ship yards, demanding an 11.6 per cent pay differential over workers on new ship construction. Document Filed In Berlin Charges Mqny Atrocities By ELTON C. FAY, Associated Press Staff Writ-:. The indictment filed in Berlin today against Hitler’s henchmen charges a quarter of a century of conspiracy culminating in the world’s worst war and the mass murder of ten million people. Specifically accused before the war crimes court are 24 individuals (Hermann Goering’s name led all the’rest) and six organizations. The indictment said the Nazi party, with Adolf Hitler assuming leadership in 1921, was the instrument of cohesion for the conspirators. It traced the evolution of the plot against man kind back to that time. The accusers, who will prosecute their case before the international military tribunal sitting in the an cient German city of Nuernberg, were the prosecutors for the four major powers—the United States, Great Britain, Russia and France. Arraigned on Four Counts. The text of the 25,000-word in dictment was issued simultaneously in the four capitals. It arraigns the Nazis on four counts and documents me cnaiges in tnis manner: Count one: The common plan or conspiracy to overthrow the Treaty of Versailles, rearm Ger many, acquire “Lebenstraum” for the Reich at the expense of her neighbors—and do this by any means including “force and aggres sive war.” Count two: Crimes against peace, in which “all the defendants with divers other persons” participated in planning and then waging wars against Poland, Britain, Prance, Denmark. Norway. Belgium. Hol land, Luxembourg, Yugoslavia, Greece, Russia and the United States. Count three: War crimes, em braced in the doctrine of total war, which included violations of the laws and customs of war, such as “deliberate and systematic geno cide” (the extermination of racial and national groups). The indict ment alleged mass murder by cities and districts in Russia, Poland and the Balkans which totaled 9,465,000. and mentioned numerous other cases wherein "thousands” died by gunfire and torture. Heavy stress is laid on hostage murders. Count four: Crimes against hu manity. in which all the defendants are accused of participating in Ger many, in those countries occupied by the German armed forces after the beginning of the European war on September 1, 1939, in Austria and Czechoslovakia and Italy and on the high seas. The crimes involved the murder and persecution of any per son even suspected of being hostile to the Nazi party or its plan of European expansion. Thread of Long Plotting. Through the whole huge document runs the thread of long plotting to inflict on man the inhumanities and on peoples the war miseries that ultimately were used as means to Nazi ends. The indictment’s story of the de velopment of the war itself starts with the decision of the Nazi leader ship to overthrow the Versailles Treaty, with its armament and other restrictions on Germany, reached by the conspirators soon after Hitler attained control in 1933. The pro gram was pushed along until in 1937 the Rhineland was reoccupied and fortified, in violation of the treaty ard the Locarno Pact, whereupon the conspirators “falsely announced” to the world that Germany had no territorial demands to make in Europe. But, said the indictment, plans immediately were made for the sec ond phase of conquest—Austria and -uiosiovakia. “An influential group of the Nazi conspirators met witn nitier on November 5, 1937, to review the situation,” it adds. “It was re affirmed that Nazi Germany must have ‘Lebensraum’ in Central Eu rope. It was recognized that such conquest would probably meet re sistance which would have to be crushed by force and that their decision might lead to a general war, but this prospect was discounted as a xisk worth taking.” Czechoslovakia was seized and Poland invaded two years after this 1937 plotting. That started the “general wa?” for which the Nazis plotted. The section on crimes against humanity centers on the plan for annihilation of "the Jews. The ex tent to which that plot succeeded is described thus: “Of the 9,600,000 Jews who lived in the parts of Europe under Nazi domination, it is conservatively esti mated that 5,700,000 have disap peared, most of them deliberately put to death by Nazi conspirators.” (Apparently some or all of the (See INDICTMENT. Page~A^3T~ Utility Workers Strike In Michigan; Troops Ordered on Alert 2,000,000 Residents Of Industrial Centers Affected by Walkout Bj" the Associated Press. Electrical power workers struck! over a wide area of industrial Michigan today, but the current! was kept flowing into the homes, offices and factories of the more than 2.000 affected communities. Emergency crews of supervisory employes manned the plants of the] Consumers Power Co. after 2.250 op-! erating employes affiliated with the CIO's State Utility Workers’ Coun cil had walked out at 8 a.m. in a wage dispute. Michigan's 8,000 State troops and 400 State police were placed on the alert by Gov. Harry F. Kelly but no disorder was reported. “We are operating normally.’’ an official company statement said. Early Settlement Not in Sight. There was no sure sign of an early settlement, but Garland Sanders, chairman of the Utility Workers' Council, said Philip Weiss, head of the State Labor Mediation Board had asked for a meeting “possibly to discuss an end of the strike.” . Mr. Sanders said Mr. Weiss had proposed the meeting between union leaders and management for 3 o’clock this afternoon and that he wculd attempt to have the council’s j Executive Board and the presidents of the big locals attend. Two hours after the start of the walkout the company reported that, except for brief Interruptions, nor mal electrical power loads were be ing maintained throughout the area. The affected sections .included vir tually all of industrial Southern Michigan except Detroit, which draws its power from other sources. Troops on Alert. Gov. Kelly said State troops would nnf ho mnvorj nntn tho eiciLn - unless there was disorder. The critical point in the Consumers power system was the big,Zilwau kee generating plant near Saginaw which pours electricity into the rich and heavily populated Saginaw Valley. Emergency crews handled the Zilwaukee turbines and boilers. There was some doubt as to how long regular power output could be maintained. C. M. Matson, super intendent, said operation would be continued “as best we can.” William Wenzel, a union local president at Grand Rapids, said he doubted the continuing effectivene;is of use of a limited number of work ers. He said service could not be kept up properly without full help. “It may work for a short time, but if trouble develops in the system they’ll be in for it,” he declared. Strikers Pull Power Switches. The company said only the Mus kegon area, where a population of 150.000 is served, was hard hit when strikers pulled power switches but power was restored less than an hour later. Cities affected by the walkout, in which a special mediation panel named by Gov. Kelly failed to (See STRIKES, Page A-22.) Pacific Fleet Ends Press Censorship . • By the Associated Press. PEARL HARBOR, Oct. 18.—Press censorship ended yesterday in the Pacific Fleet and Pacific Ocean areas except as required by local commanders. , Pacific Fleet headquarters said information that should hot be pub licly distributed would henceforth be protected at the source. Souvenir Hunters Make Off With White House Silverware The White House has its troubles with souvenir hunters who stroll ofl with silverware, Mrs, Truman’s sec retaries disclosed at a press confer ence today. Miss Reathel Odum, personal sec retary to the President’s wife, said one must realize there are souvenir hunters in every group. Mrs. James Helm, Mrs. Truman’s social secretary, added the sou venirs weren’t really silver—only plate. The. question of silver talcing came up when women reporters, visiting the White House to get a schedule of Mrs. Truman's social engagements, said they had heard some of the silver had disappeared after a group of Senate wives brought food to the White House and used it as a setting to enter tain some servicemen from nearby hospitals. On that occasion the White House supplied tea and coffee and Miss Margaret Truman was one of the hostesses. Miss Odum said some silverware had been removed, but not enough to report to any authorities. At the press conference, the sec (See SILVERWARE. Page A-22.) New Labor Disputes System May Be Announced Tomorrow Truman Gives No Inkling of His Plans; Hails Lewis' Action in Callina Off Strike President Truman told his news conference today he ex pects to make an announcement soon regarding the creation of new machinery for handling la bor disputes. He declined to give any inkling of what was in his mind. The President said the matter was coming up at the cabinet meet ing tomorrow and that a statement was in prospect afterwards. The subject was brought up by a reporter, who recalled that when the War Labor Board met with Mr. Truman Monday, Lloyd K. Garri son, acting chairman, told newsmen later that the possibility of setting Truman Wants Speed In Forming Policy to Control Atomic Force President to Initiate World Discussions to Outlaw Use of Bomb E> the Associated Frcss. President Truman expressed the hope today that there would be no undue delay in the devel opment of a national policy on the use and control of atomic energy. He told a news conference he wanted Congress to have all the information it needs, but hoped for a prompt decision. Mr. Truman recently recommend ed cres^tion of a commission to co ordinate domestic control of atomic energy. At the same time, he said he would initiate international dis cussions looking to the renunciation of atomic bomb use. The President said he considered proposed legislation on domestic atomic controls satisfactory. It is substantially in accord with his own recommendations on the subject, he said. McMahan May Head Group. Meanwhile, the name of Senator McMahon, Democrat, of Connecti cut led the list of prospects for chairman of a special Senate com mittee to handle all atomic energy legislation. Majority Leader Barkley prepared to ask the Senate to approve crea tion of the special group of five Democrats and four Republicans. Unless precedent is upset. Sen ator McMahon, a 41-year-old fresh man from Connecticut, will get the plum that many of his colleagues with a lot more service would like to have Sponsor Usually Chosen. Almost without exception the sponsor of a special committee reso lution is chosen as chairman. Sen ator McMahon sponsored this one. Senator Magnuson, Democrat, of Washington today passed along these scientific findings to people who have been worried about the eco nomic effect of atomic energy: 1. Don't think that the new era means scrapping of billions, of dol lars worth of investments in such things as electric power dams and railroads. 2. Don’t figure on putting off buy ing a new car on the theory that in a year or so there will be an atomic-powered wonder to roll you around the country. Oppenheimer Presents Views. Senator Magnuson’s authority is Dr. J. R. Oppenheimer, research di rector of the New Mexico labora tories which helped build the atomic bomb. • Dr. Oppenheimer testified yester day at Senate committee hearings on a proposed science foundation that: 1. “There seldom have been great inventions that did not supplement rather than supplant existing ones.” He looks for the use of more power, and in different ways, rather than junking power dams, abandoning coal mines and sealing off oil wells. 2. An atomic-powered automobile “is not in the cards” soon. Seized on Atrocity Charge. By tbe Associated Press. YOKOHAMA, Oct. 18.—Patrick Tomkinson, alias Sadao Kawaguchi, an American citizen charged with aiding the Japanese during the war by acting as an army interpreter, and also of committing atrocties against American prisoners, has been arrested. * *. * up new machinery to replace the War Labor Board, which is being liquidated, was under consideration. The Chief Executive reiterated that the wage-price policy laid down in the executive order of August 18 still stood as a guide for the ad I ministration. That order prescribed that wage increases could be granted where management did not seek to use them to raise prices. Where price increases are involved, however, the approval of the director of economic stabilization is required. The President also expressed sat isfaction at the action of John L Lewis, head of the United Mine • See LABOR, Page A-22.) Marshall Advocates WofW-WMe System Of Espionage for U. S, General Tells Senators Military Merger Might Have Hastened Victory By ROBERT BRUSKIN. • A single world-wide Unitec States espionage system as an adjunct to a single departmenl of national defense was advo cated today by Gen. George C i Marshall, Chief of Staff, wher jhe appeared before the Senate Military Affairs Committee. Gen. Marshall said we can n< ! longer depend on “coffee cup” in telligence by military attaches. “We should know as much as pos sible about the intent as well as the military capabilities of every coun try in the world,” he said. “Coffee Cup” Intelligence Cited. The Chief of Staff said it was hie recollection that before the wai Congress discouraged any kind ol intelligence activity other than thal obtainable by attaches "over the coffee cups at some dinner.” Gen. Marshall told the committee jhe believed the war might have j ended sooner if the Army and Navy had been merged into a single department. “It is possible and I think prob able that we might have achlevet victory at an earlier date,” witl merged forces and central directior of the war effort, he said. “I would certainly have fewer gray hairs,” Gen. Marshall said. He saic the merged forces would have expe dited the growth of American mili tary power. Navy Acts Separately. Gen. Marshall said the Navy neither “consulted nor informed the Army when it made its postwai plans. He said it had been exceedingly ; uimuun tun ing me war to get agree' i ment on conflicting ideas of Arm; jana Navy leaders. That’s why, he said, a mere con' tinuation of the wartime Join Chiefs of Staff isn’t enough. Gen. Marshall declared the Navi Department recently sent Congrest (See MILITARY, Page A-22.)~~ Japs' Filipino Puppet To Face 22 Charges * Ey the Associated Press. MANILA, Oct. 18.—Teofllo Sison minister of justice and home affair: in the Japanese-sponsored Philip pine cabinet, will face 22 treasoi charges October 27 when he i: scheduled to be the first importan member of the puppet regime t< be arraigned by the People’s Court Sixty-four other Filipinos of lesse: j significance already have "beei j charged with treason committee under the administration of Josi Laurel. Philippine puppet president Laurel Results FIRS'" RAC - ~ $2,000: msidei 2-year-olds: 8 furlongs. Ringrtowu C.R .,. i 28.40 10.40 5.K Run Lady (Dodson) 6.50 3.1) Tacaro Briar (Claggett) .Time, 1:1344. • Also ran—Jaeoped. Black Tea. Galaxy a Sir Imp. a Uncle Doc. Transbot, b Cor konlan Lad-, b I’m O’Sullivan. Littli Sphidx a J, M. Reed-Mrs. M. C. Hare entry, b A. M. MacCrowe-E. Bryson entry. SECOND RACE—Purse, $2,000: 3 year-olds and up; claiming; 1 mile and 7< yards. gun Target (Dodson) 24.10 10.40 5.1 < Blockader (Consoles : 6.70 3.8< Dorothy Pomp (Wood) 2.6) Time. 1:4844. Also ran—Jene Slam. Brother Dear Unltaran. Sergeant J. V., Indian Sun. Rust: Steel, Grmymar Lassie. New Book. Catetar (Daily double paid $380.20.) Excess Profits Repealer Added To 46 Tax Bill Senate Finance Unit Also Limits Cut on Surtax to 3 Points By J. A. O’LEARY. The Senate Finance Commit tee today followed the lead of the House in taking 12,000,000 low-income wage earners off the tax rolls, and voted for immedi ate repeal of the excess profits tax to speed up reconversion. For the 30,000,000 who remain on the books as individual taxpayers, the Senators voted a smaller reduc tion by cutting only three points from each surtax bracket. The House took four points off the surtax rate. The Senate bill, as it stands with some questions remaining to be settled this afternoon, is closer to the Treasury program, and ap proaches corporation tax relief in an entirely different manner from the House. Reservation Made. The House merely reduced the excess profits levy from 85.5 to 60 per cent for 1946 and provided for outright repeal in 1947. The House also cut 4 percentage points from the combined corporation normal and surtax rates, bringing them from a range of 25 to 40 per cent down to 21 to 36 per cent. Chairman George announced that after his committee had voted 13 to-3 to repeal the excess profits tax as of December 31, it went on record by a heavier vote to strike out the House reduction in corporation nor mal and surtax rates. He said this was done with the reservation that before the bill is completed the committee will consider special tax icuuvuuu iui uciuw lue $100,000 income level. Net Result the Same. Senator George said the net effect on individual income taxes is the same as if the committee had re pealed the 3 per cent normal tax now collected on all earnings over $500, a move rfecommended by the Treasury. The committee kept the normal tax but applied to it the same exemptions now allowed on surtaxes, namely $500 for the tax payer, $500 for his wife and $500 for each child. It is these exemptions which eliminate all taxes next year for the 12,000,000 who pay only the normal tax. 10 Per Cent Guarantee Killed. The Senate committee also killed a House provision that guaranteed all individual taxpayers a reduction of at least 10 per cent. This has the effect of giving individuals in the high brackets a smaller tax cut than the House allowed. The House found that by taking four points off each surtax bracket the actual reduction began to fall below 10 per cent on incomes above $20,000, while it exceeded 10 per cent on in comes below $20,000. This prompted the House to write in provisions guaranteeing a minimum cut of 10 per cent. As the bill passed the House it made an overall cut of $5,300,000,000 in tax liability. The changes made by the Senate committee up to noon result in reductions amount ing to $4,640,000,000. The reductions were divided as follows: On individuals, $2,085,000. 000: on corporations by repeal of the excess profits tax, $2,555,000,000. Soviet Refusal to Attend Far East Parley Reported By thp Associated Press. LONDON, Oct. 18.—Responsible British quarters reported today that Russia has refused to attend the meeting of the Par Eastern Advisory 1 Commission opening in Washington 1 Tuesday. Russia has been holding out for a ’ four-power control commission in 1 Tokyo to take a role similar ito the ' Allied Control Commission in Ber lin. Secretary of State Byrnes an nounced yesterday in Washington that the Advisory Commission meet ’ ing would be held whether the Rus ■ sians attended or not. Mr. Byrnes said Russia’s accept ance of the invitation had not been > i rpfpivpH of that t.ima hut that ha hoped it would be forthcoming. British Rescue Force Arrives Off Java Port By thf Associated Press. BATAVIA. Java, Oct. 18.—A Brit ish convoy arrived tonight off the Java port of Semarang carrying In dian troops who will be sent after dawn to rescue Red Cross and relief personnel beleagured by Indonesian Nationalists. Lt. Col. J. A. Melsop announced the arrival' at AlUpd headquarters and said more British troops were embarking in Malaya for Sumatra, another rich Dutch island, where there may be “violent disturbances.” * Mohamed Hatta, vice president of the Indonesian Nationalist Council, ! said the organization had rejected the Dutch proposal for partnership in ruling the Netherlands Indies. He asserted that many years of bloodshed would result should the Dutch impose armed rule in the colony. | Gurkha troops took over the In dies ' summer capital of Bandoeng from the Japanese last night, CoL ; Melsop said. Moving from Batavia, which remained quiet, the troops encountered numerous road blocks, some manned by the Nationalists. ; All were removed. . The colonel said the Japanese co ! operated “perfectly” in passing con 1 trol to the British, charged with occupation of the colony for the r Allies as a result of the Japanese surrender.