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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 01, 1945, Image 1

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Weather Forecast
Sunny, high near 67 today. Mild to
night. Some cloudiness, warmer to
morrow.
Temperatures—High, 62, at 1:30 p.m.;
low, 56, at 3:56 aJn. Yesterday—High,
79, at 2:50 p.m.; low, 56, at 3:24 a.m.
Lote New York Morkets, Poge A-23
w
mmm
WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION
Guide for Readers
Page.!
After Dark B-8
Amusements A-18-19
Comics B-18-19
Editorial A-12
Edit'l Articles, A-13
Finance ... A-23
Page.
Lost and Pound.A-3
Obituary A-14
Radio B-19
Society B-3
Sports A-20-21
Woman's Page, B-21
. An Associoted Press Newspaper
93d YEAR, No. 37,070. Phone NA. 5000.
WASHINGTON, D. C., THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 1, 1945-FORTY-FOUR PAGES.
City Home Dellverr. Dally and Sunday
90c a Month. When 6 Sundays, $1.00
5 CENTS
Java Insurgents
Intensify Drive
Against British
Fighter Planes Strike
At Indonesians in
Recapture of Town
By the Associated Press.
BATAVIA, Java, Nov. 1.—Ex
tremist Indonesian forces, ap
parently out of control of Presi
dent Soekarno of the "Indonesian
Republic," were reported intensi
fying their attacks on thin
British forces in several sections
of Central and Western Java
tonight in defiance of an order
of their President to cease fight
ing.
At Magelang three British fighter
planes struck at extremists and
supported Gurkha troops in recap
turing most of the town after the
Indonesians had opened up with
mortars. A bombing line was re
ported to have been established at
Magelang to prevent extremist forces
from reaching the town.
Tank Squadron Unloaded.
A squadron of Stuart tanks of the
11th Cavalry was unloaded at Soera
baja today to reinforce British
trooDS at that naval base.
Tension lifted perceptibly else
where in Java after a conference |
between Dutch and Nationalist lead-1
ers at Batavia. The Dutch Informa-1
tion Service said the meeting was
cordial and "discussions were of an
orientating nature."
Soekarno, president of the "Indo
nesian Republic," argued for recog
nition of an Indonesian de facto
government, and the Dutch pleaded
for co-operation as serving the best
interests of all concerned, the serv
ice said.
After the conference, Soekarno
was reported en route to Jogjakarta,
in Central Java, to urge members of
fighting youth movements tjjere to
cease hostilities.
Christison Host to Meeting.
Lt. Gen. Sir Philip Christison, Al
lied commander in the Netherlands
East Indies, was host for the meet
ing and its chief architect.
In a broadcast appeal to the In
donesians last night, Soekarno told
* the Indonesians to lay down yieir
arms and "solve all misunderstand
ings in close co-operation with the
Allies." He said differences of opin
ion over trivialities could be solved
readily.
"There is no reason for us to
take up arms against the Allied
forces," Soekarno said. "They come
only to disarm and evacuate the
Japanese and further to take care
of internees and to maintain law
β nW AfWew in Allifl/î nopunotinn
areas."
His broadcast followed the talks
between Soekarno's unrecognized
cabinet and two Dutch government
officials.
Situation "Almost War."
Just before the conferees gath
ered an Allied spokesman had de
scribed the military situation in
Indonesia as "almost war." The fact
that the talks could proceed in an
atmosphere of such tenseness led
observers to believe that a solution
would be found and that this was
but the first of a series of such
conferences. .
Present wew Acting Gov. General
Hubertus van Mook and Dr. Charles
O. van der Plis, adviser to the Allied
command on Dutch affairs, repre
senting the Dutch, and Soekarno, his
Vice President, Mohamed Hatta; his
Foreign Minister, Soebardjo; his
Information Minister, Amir Sjari
fuddin, and Agous Salim, an elder
of the Nationalist movement, now
adviser to the unrecognized govern
ment's Foreign Affairs Department.
Veteran Refuses to Pay
Union Fees; Re-enlists
Bj the Associated Press.
SALT LAKE CITY. Nov. 1.—Myron
F. Oliver wasn't "just kidding" when
he said he would rather go back into
the Army than pay union fees to
hold his' job.
Mr. Oliver, who was discharged
October 12 after five and a half years
in the service, re-enlisted yesterday
as a master sergeant.
He said he had been offered a
promotion at the sheet metal shop
where he worked, but was informed
he would have to pay a $50 initiation
fee to an AFL union first. "I ob
jected to earning the job and then
paying for it," he said.
"I talked it over with my wife and
decided I would rather go back to
the Army."
Louisville Editor Dies
LOUISVILLE, Ky., Nov. 1 (JP).—
Harry Bloom, 54, associate editor of
the Louisville Times, died in a
Louisville hospital yesterday of a
heart ailment. He had been ill for
several days.
ι I
Roosevelt's Son
Guest of Truman
For Lunch
Franklin D. Roosevelt, Jr., can't
get to see Mayor La Guardia in New
_ York, but his name still is "open
sesame" at the White House.
The late President's son, on ter
minal leave from the Navy, is in
terested in obtaining temporary
housing in New York for returning
veterans. His aid was enlisted by a
committee opposed by the Mayor
and fut eight days young Roosevelt
tried to make an appointment with
the Mayor. Yesterday he called at
City Hall with the committee and
found the Mayor's door still closed.
He did better in Washington to
day. Mr. Truman invited him to
lunch. John B. Blandford, jr., Na
tional Housing Agency administra
tor, said be would see Mr. Roose
velt and his committee later in the
afternoon. The only catch, a spokes
man for Mr. Blandford said, is that
NHA has do money for veterans'
housing.
1
Lewis Goes to White House
For First Visit in Four Years
UMW Chief and Truman Discuss
Conference Plans for 15 Minutes
By JAMES Y. NEWTON.
John L. Lewis visited the
White House today for the first
time in four years as President
Truman continued to devote
chief attention to ways of mini
mizing industrial strife necessary
to get the Nation's economy in
high gear.
The mine leader, accompanied by
Thomas Kennedy, secretary of the
United Mine Workers, spent 15 min
utes with the President discussing
the labor-management conference,
which opens here Monday. Mr. Tru
man was devoting most of the day
to conferences with labor and man
agement delegates, presumably to
get their views on the meeting.
Mr. Lewis refused to say what
he thought would be the outcome
of the big meeting, which the ad
ministration hopes will result in
understandings to lessen home iront
strife and devise machinery for set
tlement of disputée without strike.
He said he discussed with Mr. Tru
man "matters germane to the labor
management conference—not in de
tail, but in principle."
Other conference delegates called
in by the President included T. C.
Cashen, chairman of the Railway
Labor Executives Council; A. E.
Lyon, secretary of the railway labor
group; Ira Mosher, president of tne
National Association of Manufac
turers, and M. M. Anderson, vice
(See LEWIsTPâgîTÂ^BTj
Reparations Planned
To Bar Jap Attacks
Forever, Truman Say s
Pauley and Staff Will
Work With MacArthur,
President Declares
By the Associated Press. ,
President Truman declared to
day that the reparations pro
gram for Japan will be designed
"to put an end for all time to
Japanese aggression."
Mr. Truman's statement was is
sued in connection with the ex
pected departure this week for
Japan of Edwin W. Pauley, the
President's personal representative
on reparation matters.
Mr. Pauley told White House re
porters yesterday that the personal
fortune of Emperor Hirohito, esti
mated in excess of $100,000,000 would
be included in Japanese assets which
may be taken as reparations for war
damages.
The President said Mr. Pauley
and his staff, most of whom were
scheduled to leave today, will work
in close co-operation with Gen. Mac
Arthur and utilize surveys made by
Gen. MacArthur's industrial experts.
Challenge to Peace Effort.
The President's statement follows:
"The problem of what to do with
Germany and Japan is one of the
greatest challenges m the whole ef
fort to achieve lasting peace.
"The program for reparations
from Germany which was developed
by Ambassador Pauley and adopted
at the Berlin Conference will go a
long way toward helping us achieve
complete victory over (jermany, Dy
depriving her of the means ever
again to wage another war. The
reparations program which Am
bassador Pauley will develop for
Japan will be directed toward the
same fundamental goal—to put an
end ior all time to Japanese ag
gression. ,
"In carrying out this mission for
me Ambassador Pauley and his staff
will work in close co-operation with
Gen. MacArthur and his staff and
will make full use of the surveys
which have already been made by
the industrial experts now on Gen.
MacArthur's staff."
Plans for Hirohito Wealth
Is Bombshell to Japan
TOKYO, Nov. 1 (Λ>).—The first di
rect accusation that Emperor Hiro
hito was partly to blame for the war
—Washington's announcement that
his personal fortune will go to pay
reparations—is expected to become
the biggest political and social bomb
shell yet involving the monarch.
The economic value of the move
is as yet indefinite, pending further
investigation of what appears to be
a land and bond poor fortune.
The imperial balance sheet, some
what more than $106,000,000, is a
mere drop in the reparations bucket
at best. Only $22,410.658 are in
liquid assets.
Japanese likely will have little to
say now, but are almost certain to
interpret the action as indirect label
ing of Hirohito as a war criminal.
Edwin W. Pauley, American mem
ber of the Reparations Committee,
voiced what for the Japanese was a
revolutionary concept in asserting
that there could be no distinction
between the Emperor and his gov
ernment.
Rebuke Given Konoye.
Allied headouarters in a state
ment amounting in Japanese eyes to
a public rebuke of Prince Fumimaro
Konoye, denied today any sponsor
ship on the part of Gen. MacArthur
for the prince's efforts at revision
of the Japanese constitution.
The statement, observing that
misconception seemed to exist as to
the prince's relation to the consti
tutional revision movement, said he
was not selected by Allied head
quarters.
The unusual announcement was
seen as sidestepping what appears
to have been an attempt by the
Japanese to fix responsibility for
future government developments on
the occupation authorities.
Likewise it considerably ham
pered the prince's recent efforts to
achieve active political leadership
behind the government by riding
on the coattails of Allied headquar
ters.
Filipino Puppets' Accounts Frozen.
Supreme headquarters, in a new
directive told the Japanese to freeze
the bank accounts and other prop
erty of all members and former offi
cials of the puppet Philippine gov
ernment, including those of Presi
dent Jose B. Laurel and his two sons,
Paceniah and Arsenio.
Special American detectives un
ioee jafaxv, rage A-4.)
Molotov Rejects Plea
To Remove Censorship
By the Associated Press.
MOSCOW, Nov. 1.—Foreign Com
missar V. M. Molotov answered by
letter today a request by the Brit
ish-American Correspondents' Asso
ciation for removal of censorship by
stating that he could not consider
their request because it contained
no substantial reasons. «.·
L ' · J
Hitler Suicide
With Mistress,
British Say
Β; tb< Associated Press.
BERLIN, Nov. i—British head
quarters said tonight that evidence
sifted from Intelligence reports
shows "as conclusively as possible
without the bodies" that Hitler and
his mistress, Eva Braun, died last
April 30 in the bunker of the
Reichschancellor.
Their bodies later were burned
just outside the bunker, the Brit
ish intelligence reports said, even
as Russian armies were applying
the last touches to the conquest of
Berlin.
The British report said both com
mitted suicide. Hitler by shooting
himself through the mouth and his
mistress taking poison.
"After the suicide the bodies were
taken into the garden Just out
side the bunker by Goebbels (propa
ganda minister) and Bormann
(Martin Bormann, deputy leader of
the. Nazi party) and several others,
drenched with gasoline and burned,"
the British concluded.
lax lut Bill Passed
By Senate and Sent
To White House
Conference Measure
Adopted Unanimously
By Voice Vote
The $5.920,000.000 cut in 1946
taxes cleared the last hurdle on
Capitol Hill this afternoon when
the Senate adopted the confer
ence agreement by a unanimous
voice vote. This sends the meas
ure to President Truman for
signature.
Final action came amid debate
over the possible effect of the cor
poration tax cuts on the ability of
employers to meet pending wage
demands.
Senator Taft, Republican, of Ohio
also threw in a last-minute declara
tion that Congress could grant fur
ther tax cuts of about $5,000,000,000
more on individual Incomes and
excise taxes next year if the annual
peacetime budget of Government
spending can be held down to
$20,000,000,000 a year. He said, how
ever, that this bill gives corporations
all the tax relief they can hope for
during the next two or three years.
Provisions of Bill.
The bill takes 12,000,000 low In
come wage earners off the tax rolls
entirely and grants the remaining
36,000,000 individual taxpayers some
relief.
For business, it repeals the war
time excess profits tax on January
1, and lowers the rates on the com
bined corporation normal and
surtaxes.
It keeps the social security payroll
tax for old-age insurance at the
present level of 1 per cent each on
employer and employe for another
year.
It grants several tax concessions
to members of the armed forces, as
follows: Forgives any tax on the
service pay of enlisted personnel for
the war years, practically all of
which had already been canceled
out by a special $1,500 exemption;
gives officers three years in which to
pay their taxes In 12 quarterly in
stallments and grants the same ex
(See TAXES, Page A-22.)
Chandler's Resignation
Accepted by Governor
By the Associated Press.
FRANKFORT, Ky., Nov. 1.—Gov.
Simeon Willis formally accepted
Senator Chandler's resignation to
day, but declined to give any in
formation as to his successor.
Noting in his formal reply to the
Democratic Senator that he was
quitting his post effective today, in
order to devote full time to his duties
as baseball commissioner, the Re
publican Governor wrote, "I am sure
that all Kentuckians join me in
wishing you .happiness in your new
field of endeavor."
At the same time Gov. Willis gave
out a brief statement to newsmen
telling of the resignation and add
ing:
"That is all the news, and when
there, is any more, you will be
advised."
Pimlico Results
FIRST RACE—Purse, $2,000; 3-year-old
maidens: claiming; 1,'. miles.
Shoe OH (Cherrf) 17.00 7.80 5.40
Pentagon (Covalll) 4.50 ;i.50
Valdlna Decoy (Breen) 3.U0
Time, 1:48%. f
.Also ran—Don't Delay. Omathane. Pha
rant, Colonel John, Edgemere. Friendship,
Grand Destiny, Bonnie Dale, Miles City.
, SECOND RACE—Purse, $1,800: 3-year
olds and up; clalmlnt; β furlongs.
Greyhound Bus
Strike Halts
Trips to North
Service to South
Continues; 375 Join
In Walkout Here
FIVE-HOUR WORK stoppage in
telegraph service seen as possibil
ity tomorrow. Page A-4
POLICE WATCHING truck strike
after incident in which truck is
disabled. Page A-4
Greyhound bus service north
ward out of Washington was at
a standstill today after 375 driv
ers and maintenance employes
here last midnight joined a
strike affecting transportation
throughout the Northeastern
section of the country and parts
of the Middle West.
The strike, involving about 4,000
AFL employes of six Greyhound
affiliates, began at 12:01 a.m., after
last-minute attempts by the United
States Conciliation Service to reach
a wage agreement failed'.
Pickets began parading before the
Greyhound terminal at Twelfth
street and New York avenue N.W.
as soon as the strike began. About
20 of them were still at their posts
later this morning, carrying signs
informing the public that a strike
was in progress.
Use Tickets on Trains.
Ticket sellers at the terminal
stopped selling tickets for passage
on the lines affected at midnight,
but some trips had already been
held up by the company in antic
ipation of the strike. Persons who
had bought tickets here before mid
night for trips scheduled in the
early morning hours were allowed
to use them on trains.
Drivers on the road at midnight
proceeded to the nearest terminal
and then joined the strike. Many
persons were stranded at stations
far from their destinations.
The six Greyhound affiliates af
fected are Pennsylvania, Central,
New England, Illinois and Eastern
divisions and the Capitol Theater
Coach Drivers of New York.
Strike May Spread.
The possibility that the strike
would spread Uf other buslines
throughout the country was fore
seen today by George E. Ziff, a New
York official of the ALP Amalga
mated Association of Street. Elec
tric Railway and Motor Coach Em
ployee.
Meanwhile. Ralph Cooley. presi
dent of the Washington local, said
he »aw no indication of when the
strike would end.
"We have offered to accept arbi
tration or any other means offered
by the Government for settlement
of the dispute," he said, "but the
company has refused."
Buses from Washington to the
South and Southwest continued to
operate, as did those of Capital
Greyhound, which has routes to
Annapolis and to Parkersburg, W.
Va.; Cincinnati and St. Louis.
Drivers on Southern routes are un
organized and employes of the Capi
tal Division have no dispute with
the company.
Unload on Street.
Drlvprs refused tn na.ss ninkftt
lines to enter the terminal, how
ever. Instead, they Unloaded their
passengers on the street. Buses
outward bound were driven from
the terminal by the starter, loaded
on the street and then turned over
to the driver. Buses running be
tween here and Southern points
were serviced in Richmond, inas
much as maintenance employes at
the Washington terminal have
joined the strike.
The terminal yard here was
jammed with idle buses, left there
by drivers who brought them in
from their runs and then joined the
walkout. Inside, the terminal, gen
erally crowded with travelers, was
nearly empty. This was especially
noticeable around 8 ajn., when
terminal employes usually are han
dling peak crowds.
Commuter service to points be
tween here and Baltimore was gen
erally maintained by increased
operations on National Trailways
Unes.
Child Among Those Stranded.
Among those stranded by the
strike was 4-year-old Anna Zakaib,
who was still in the Greyhound
terminal here at 9:30 a.m. with her
father, James Zakaib, waiting to
finish their journey. Mr. Zakaib
and his daughter, who live In Los
Angeles, left Boston yesterday to
visit Mr. Zakaib's aunt in Charles
(See GREYHOUND, Pags A-4.)
Tigers Sign Trautman
As General Manager
Ej the Associated Press.
DETROIT, Nov. 1.—The Detroit
Tigers, through President Walter O.
Briggs, announced today that George
M. Trautman, presidfent of the
American Association, has accepted
the position of general manager of
the Detroit Tigers, succeeding John
A. Zeller, who announced last month
that he was retiring effective Janu
ary 1, 1946.
Roosevelt Memorial Foundation
Established by Group Here
9
The Franklin D. Roosevelt Memo
rial Foundation was established by
a group of friends and associates
of the late President at the White
House today.
George E. Allen, former District
Commissioner, was named president.
The organization soon will start a
drive for funds, Mr. Allen said.
The nature of the memorial has
not been determined, but Mr. Allen
said that "this foundation will en
deavor to set up a living memorial.
By that, I mean a memorial which
will be dedicated to encouraging the
perpetuation of the Ideals and ob
jectives of this great American and
world leader."
Mr. Allen said:'"President Roose
velt gave his life in the struggle to
m Λ·- ··;, ,.
atttain two major goals: First, to
bring security and a decent stand
ard of living.to all of his country
men; second, to overthrow nazism
and fascism all over the world and
to bring about lasting world peace
under the principles of the Atlantic
Charter and the Pour Freedoms."
Projects which "would most ef
fectively carry on these broad hu
manitarian purposes," he continued,
"will be selected for the memorial."
Mr. Allen emphasized that this
foundation will not interfere with
or overlap the work of the National
Foundation for Infantile Paralysis.
President Truman is honorary
president of the Roosevelt Memor
ial Foundation, and Mrs. Roosevelt
is honorary chairman.
Shoe rationing's over,
BOYS..SEE IF YOU ARE ,
3 BIG ENOUGH To
b FILL THESE ! èû
President's Request
For Full Employment
Bill Read to House
Letter Says Passage
Is Urgent; Willingness '1
To Compromise Seen
Br tbe Associated Press.
Congress received further :
presidential pressure today for
passage of "full employment"
legislation.
House Democratic Leader McCor
mack released a letter from Pres
ident Truman declaring approval
of such a measure is "of the utmost
urgency and importance to the fu
ture of our Nation."
The letter was dated October 20.
the day before Mr. Truman in a
LI 1 111 TV
i MW>U UUM· MJO WMtMIVU V><V ItUUOV
Expenditures Committee for "dam
aging delay" in handling of the "full
employment" bill.
Provokes Resentment. .
His criticism provoked à wave of
resentment yesterday among Ex
penditures Committee members, who
termed it "unfair and unjust." In
addition, Chairman Manasco said
the President's remarks lessened any
chance of getting even a compromise
bill approved.
In the letter released today Mr.
Truman gave his first public indi
cation that he might be willing to
compromise on the legislation.
Near the end of the letter he said :
"I do not refer to any specific bill.
I refer to the general purposes and
principles of full employment legis
lation."
Gives Federal Policy.
Previously, administration leaders
had said Mr, Truman wanted the
bill introduced by Representative
Patman, Democrat, of Texas "with
out any weakening amendments."
The Patman measure would enun
ciate a Government policy of sup
plementing private enterprise, when
necessary, to insure job opportuni
ties for all Americans able and
willing to work. The Senate-passed
version of the measure modified this
language.
Strike at Cumberland
Closes Tire Plant
By the Associated Press.
CUMBERLAND, Md.. Nov. 1.—For
the first time in the history of the
Kelly Springfield Tire Co. here the
plant was closed 100 per cent by a
strike today.
Heretofore during labor disturb
ances employes of the power house
and maintenance crews have been
authorized by the ιΑΐοη to remain
on the job, but today the company
is without the services of both, and
a few non-union employes are en
deavoring to keep up power.
Edmund S. Burke, company presi
dent, who sat in on a conference
between officials of the firm and the
union last night, said the company
is in no position to make a general
wag! increase without price relief,
but would go along with any general
industrial pattern for Increasing
wages.
Harry E. Castle, vice president of
Local 26, United Rubber Workers of
America, said the dispute is purely
a local matter, with the union de
manding wage equality with rubber
workers in Akron, Ohio, which, he
said, represents approximately a 35
per cent difference between what is
paid workers here and in the Ohio
city.
Stadium Plan Given Congress;
Proposes Private Financing
Commission Report Seeks Preliminary Funds
For Memorial. With Eventual U. S. OwnershiD
Whether the projected $25,
>00,000 national war memorial
stadium for Washington is to
}ecome a self-paying reality or
-emain a beautiful dream was
Dlaced squarely before Congress
«day by its Stadium Commis
sion.
House, Senate and public mem
sers of the commission united in a
iormal progress report to the House
ind Senate which contained a plea
tor a Federal loan to permit tech
nical studies deemed necessary to
usure private financing of the proj
ect and the stadium's eventual re
irercion to full Government owner
ship.
Printed copies of the report,
signed by all members of the com
mission, were placed today on the 1
desks of each member of Congress. '
It concludes with the draft of a joint
resolution, to be offered today, di
recting the Federal Works Agency 1
to advance funds for architectural, 1
engineering and economic studies.
The advance would be repayable.
This will be called up for action in
the Senate soon by Commission
Chairman Bilbo, after members of
the Senate have had time to study
the findings and proposals of the
commission. A concerted effort then
is scheduled to push the measure
through to quick enactment.
When Senator Bilbo took the floor
in the Senate today to explain the
stadium plans, his speech led to a
brief revival of the controversy in
(See STADIUM, Page A-23.)
3 Treasury Employes
Suspended hi Probe of
Contractors' Favors
Two Men and Woman
Accused of Accepting
Dinners, Hotel Expenses
Three officials of the Treasury
Procurement Division, two men
ιηά a woman, have been charged
with accepting favors from con
tractors supplying the Govern
ment with lease-lend goods and
UNRRA supplies and have been
placed on terminal leave pend
ing disciplinary action by their
superiors, it was learned today.
At the same time the Procurement
Division is scrutinizing hundreds of
thousands of dollars* worth of con
tracts handled by these employes
for evidences of possible graft, ac
jording to Clifford E. Mack, director
>f the division.
Gratuities Were Dinners.
The gratuities the three are ac
:used of accepting from contractors
took the form of dinners and hotel
expenses, Mr. Mack said.
"There is no evidence of any
noney navmg Deen paia, ne ae
slared.
Nevertheless, the procurement
:hief said, the division is conducting
ι full-scale investigation of every
sontract with which the three had
anything to do. The trio—a pur
chasing officer, his supervisor and a
woman employe in one of the com
modity groups—confined their deal
ings to two contractors who fur
nished the Government with small
tools, Mr. Mack said.
"In none of the cases is the value
of the gratuities of any consé
quence," Mr. Mack said, "but in any
event it is a violation of our rules
to accept anything from contractors
dealing with the Government."
Started in July.
The investigatin goes back to last
July, Mr. Mack said, when there
were indications that one of the
three officials was being "unduly
friebdly with one of the contrac
tors." Subsequently, In the course
of the probe, the other two employes
were involved and. a second con
tractor'came into the picture, Mr.
Mack said.
When the nature of the case be
came plain, Mr. Mack pointed out,
tne cnarges were orougnt against
the three employes and they were
placed on leave and given oppor
tunity to answer ' the accusations.
Their answer has juA been filed
and is being studied by agency offi
cials, according to Mr, Mack.
Although Government contract:
were generally awarded to the low
est bidders, it was pointed out, the
wartime demand for speed m pro
duction sometimes made it impera
tive to overlook this rule and giv<
the contracts to manufacturers 01
Jobbers who could promise earliest
delivery.
Wermuth Due Home Today
SAN FRANCISCO, Nov. 1 (*).
MaJ. Arthur Wermuth of Chicago
the "one-man army of Bataan," ii
scheduled to arrive here today or
the transport Marine Shark. Hi
was liberated from a prison eamj
In Manchuria.
$1,400,000 in Bonds
Sold in Three Days of
Victory Loan Drive
Ε Series Purchases
Represent $500,00(1
Of Reported Sales
Washingtonians bought $1,-1
400,000 in Victory Loan Bonds,!
3.3 per cent of its $42,000,000
individual sales' quota for the
campaign, in the first three days
of the drive, the District War
Finance Committee announced
today.
In its first progress report of the
Victory Loan, the District Commit
tee said $500,000 of total sales thus
far has been in Series Ε purchases,
1.8 per cent of the $27,000,000 Ε bond
quota. The reports are based on
figures compiled by the Federal Re
serve Bank of Richmond. The Dis
trict's overall quota for the drive,
which ends December 8, is $85,
000,000.
Nationally, Treasury officials an
wuuiiccu φΐϋ^,υυυ,υυ ux victory oonas
has been sold thus far, of a national
quota of eleven billion. Of sales
so far reported, $116,000,000 is in
Series Ε Bonds.
Meanwhile, organized participa
tion of Washington's 125,000 school
and college students got under way
at 9:30 this morning when 1,000
Roosevelt High School students as
sembled for a briefing on Victory
Loan aims and projected sales
methods.
School Map Campaign.
Most of Washington's 202 schools
will sponsor hospitalization units
for the care and recovery of wound
ed veterans. Service doctors esti
mate the units will cost $3,000. Each
school is being urged to sponsor a
given number of units. Mrs. How
ard S. Le Roy, chairman of the edu
cation division, said decalcomanias
bearing the school name will be
affixed to each bed purchased
through Victory Loan subscription.
As incentive awards to stimulate
V Bond sales, each student pur
chasing a $200 maturity value Roose
velt Memorial Bond will receive a
nylon aviator's Insignia, of the type
used by American flyers to identify
themselves to friendly natives in
the China-Burma-India theater.
The insignia is printed in seven
languages and sewn to the back of
their flying suits. A similar in
signia, of the type used by Chinese
airmen, will be given purchasers of
$100 bonds. Buyers of every de
nomination will receive a question
(See VICTORY LOAN, Page A-2.)
Spessard Holland Seeks
Andrews' Senate Seat
By the Associated Press.
BARTOW, Fla., Nov. 1.—Spessard
L. Holland, 53-year-old former Gov
ernor of Florida, will be a candi
date next year to succeed Senator
Charles O. Andrews, Democrat, who
is relinquishing the post.
Former Gov. Holland, who was
succeeded by Gov. Millard Caldwell
last January, made formal an
nouncement of his candidacy yes
! terday.
Senator Andrews anounced Mon
day he would not seek re-election
: because of ill health and said he
> tentatively plans to resume law
practice at Orlando.
ι
Byrd Submits
Reorganization
Plan to Truman
Commitee Would Put
Majority of Agencies
Under Cabinet
By J. A. POX.
The Joint Congressional Econ
omy Committee today presented
a Government reorganization
plan to President Truman which
provides, among other things,
for transfer to cabinet control of
all independent agencies except
those of a quasi-judicial or
quasi-legislative makeup.
Senator Byrd, Democrat, of Vir
ginia, the chairman, who took the
plan to the White House, said in a
statement that "the war-inflated
Federal Government needs reorgan
ization now more than ever," and he
expressed the hope that reorgan
ization legislation now in Congress
will permit sweeping changes of a
"constructive nature."
Recommends Four-point Program.
The Byrd committee recommend
ed that a four-point program be
earned out. The shifting of inde
pendent agencies to cabinet control
is the first step suggested. It calls
also for uniformity within depart
mental organization, consolidation
and co-ordination throughout the
Government, and the discontin
uance of all unnecessary activities.
The report was presented to the
President in response to a request
for suggestions on reorganization,
a letter from Senator Byrd to the
President disclosed.
The Byrd report said that nearly
100 independent establishments op
erate outside of departmental con
trol, "thus precluding co-ordination
at the cabinet level and necessitat
ing direct contact bv th« rrhUf Wv
cutive."
Table on Agencies.
One table which accompanies the
eport showed the multiplicity oi
igencies engaged in similar fields.
According to this table there arc
!2 units in 11 establishments deal
ng with housing; 27 in 12 agencies
lealing with standards and inspec
tion ; 29 in 21 agencies with statis
ics; 24 in 11 agencies with map
naking; 16 in 8 agencies with edu
cation; 14 in 12 agencies with sur
)lue war property ; 14 in 9 agencies
urith safety; 27 in 11 agencies with
abor relations; 16 in 8 agencies with
water power and power; 10 in 9
igencies with veterans' aid; 20 in
> agencies with conservation and
natural resources; 24 in 16 agencies
with rehabilitation; 22 in 16 agen
ces with insurance; 21 in 10 agen
cies with transportation; 93 in 17
agencies with Government lending;
37 in 22 agencies with foreign trade;
15 in 28 agencies with investigations;
5 in 8 agencies with pensions and
annuities; 37 in 13 agencies with
public health; 27 in 16 agencies with
;mployment and unemployment;
305 in 47 agencies with national de
fense; 6 in 4 agencies with public
buildings; 64 in 32 agencies with
business relations, and 44 in 8 agen
cies with agriculture.
Heydrich Killing Credited
ίο Czech Parachutists
By the Associated Press.
WIESBADEN, Germany, Nov. 1.—
The 1942 assassination of Reinhard
'Hangman" Heydrich was carried
Dut by specially trained Czech para
chutists flown from Britain, accord
ing to an eyewitness to the killing.
Lt. Jan Opletal, 30, and two com
panions fatally wounded Heydrich
with Bren gun bullets and a bomb
ifter intercepting his auto as he
drove from his headquarters to a
country home, the witness said.
Heydrich died of blood poisoning 12
days later.
The three Czechs and four com
panions who had been dropped ear
lier to complete preparations later
committed suicide when the Gestapo
surrounded them in the Prague
church of Karel Boromejsky, the
witness declared. Another para
chutist accused of revealing the
church hideout to the Gestapo is
under arrest in Prague, he said.
Reds Seize Property
Of Nazis and Reich
By the Associated Press.
BERLIN, Nov. 1.—Marshal ZhukoV
today ordered seizure of all prop
erties of the German state, the Nazi
party and its former leaders in the
Russian-occupied zone in Germany.
Persons having knowledge of prop
erties of the German state or for
mer individual Nazis were ordered
to report their information within
15 days.
Marshal Zhukov said the proper
ties were sequestrated in order "to
prevent their misuse and devote
them to the best interest of the
people and the occupation forces."
ι I
NewYork-London
Rocket Flight
In Hour Forecast
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, Nov. 1.—Winged rock
ets equipped with a special 100-ton
booster mechanism will be able to
travel from New York to London in
less than an hour if current experi
ments develop successfully, W. G. A.
Peering told the Royal Aeronautical
Society tonight.
The British aeronautic expert said
that rocket ranges of 1500 to 3,000
miles "now appeared to be possible.··
"Flight at over 8.000 miles an hour
is contemplated." he said.
Addition of wings to rockets has
raised the current ranges from
about 180 to 350 miles, Mr. Perring
reported. "Even more striking," he
added, is the effect of boosters which
the Germans were developing after
early rocket failures.
"However, I do not want to mini
mi» the difficulties of this problem,'*
he said. "As yet practically nothing
is known about control at these
speeds, nor of difficulties that will
be encountered in passing througli
the speed of sound."

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