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On the Other Hand'
Says Army Out of Its Element When It Seeks to Make National Policy By Lowell Mellett What will be the Army'* place In peacetime America? Best spokesman for the Army in recent years has been Gen. George C. Marshall, • ν 4 · / scholar and gentleman, man of unusually lib eral outlook, as well as admitted military genius. Speaking the other night in New York, the general voiced his apprehension regarding the state of the world, together «Hfh his hnnp fnr a better world, Leweii Meiiett. apprehension and hope shared by all of us. He suggested a course of action. The United States, he said In effect, as the strongest democratic power in the world has a responsi bility, in keeping with its strength, for bringing into being a world of peace and freedom. But, he argued, if we dissipate our strength, as we did following the First World War, our influence will be lost: there will be none to listen to us. Therefore it should be our policy to remain strong, on land and sea and in the air. All of which seems to add up. In any case, Gen. Marshall is bound to follow that line of reasoning, since he has not yet relinquished his re sponsibility for the defense of the United States. He is still chief of Staff. If a peaceful order of life between nations is achieved, well and good; he can accept the lessen ing of our military strength; but until that happens he can properly consider it his duty to keep the country prepared to fight. Army Thinking at Best. This is Army thinking at its best. It is not the thinking of those Army men who sometimes seek to make! our national policy for us in aj broader field, those who attempt toj tell us who our enemies are or ought | to be. And it does the Army no dis- ! credit to say that we cannot leave | our thinking in the broader field to the men who have spent their lives j in the special field of military opera-j tions. They naturally see all prob-j lems through the eyes of military operators. This, it can hardly be doubted, Is the explanation of the Army's ap proach to the problem presented by the atomic bomb and the develop «unlaor nnororv Qe TPVPflIpH in the May-Johnson bill. That bill obviously represents an attempt by the Army to do in peacetime pre cisely what it would do in wartime. It would place around all research and experiment a wall of secrecy through which no citizen could penetrate; it would close the mouths of all scientists, perhaps even their minds. It would dangle a dangerous secret over the heads of all possible potential enemies and. while not meaning to do so, would make us enemies everywhere in the world. This bill is so undemocratic in its concept and its terms that the out cry against it, heard from citizens and newspapers, liberal and con servative, continues to grow in in tensity. The Army probably is sur prised by the furore it has created. Censorship Plan Recalled. And so the Army is certain to be whenever it undertakes to move out of its specialized field. So would the Army —and the Navy —have been at the outset of the recent war had they been permitted to name the conditions of civilian life, as they were willing to do. In those days, thinking only of the Job they had to do and whatever might in terfere with their doing it, the Army and Navy prepared a plan for do mestic censorship that could only be compared to that imposed on the German people by the German Gen eral Staff. Complete in every de tail, even to the handling of the most remote country weekly, the plan was presented to the Com mander in Chief. The Commander in Chief, being also the President of the United States and a civilian, having some understanding of what, could and should be done in a democracy, even in wartime, simply laid the proposal away where it never would be seen again and, in due time, provided a plan that would work—a voluntary censorship that fitted properly into our democratic scheme of life. It is too bad that the Army's no tion of what to do about atomic re search did not meet the same fate. Answers to Questions A reader ean get the answer to an» question of fact by writing The Eve ning Star Information Bureau. 310 1 street N.E., Washington 2. D. C. Please Inclose 3 cents lor return postage. By TUE HASKIN SERVICE. Q. Will a young man, a Junior in high school, be able to complete his high school education before entering the Army? He will be 18 years old next November—R. K. A. The Selective Service System recently announced a change in its regulations which will allow any youth who entered high school be fore he was 18 years of age to re main until his graduation, or until he becomes 20, whichever is earlier. The student must, however, stay in the school "continuously and satis factorily." Q. What is the largest number of battle stars a soldier has won dur ing the recent war?—P. J. W. A. The War Department says that, due to the large number of en gagements and widely separated areas for which the battle stars have been awarded Army personnel in the present war, it would be impos sible to determine the greatest num ber of battle stars one soldier could receive. Q. What is the lighter solid sub stance, magnesium or lithium?—C. B. J. A. Thf metal lithium. Magnes ium is the lightest metal in com mon use. Q. Is a West Point graduate likely to be sent overseas now that the fighting is over? The man in ques tion is a graduate of the class of 1945.—V.D. A. The War Department says that if a graduate of the United States Military Academy has accepted a commission as second lieutenant in !the Army he is eligible for assign ment wherever needed. Q. Was the practice of assigning officers and men of the Armed Guard Division of the Navy to man the guns aboard merchant ships used before World War II?—N. D. E. A. The assignment of Navy gun ners to merchant vessels goes back to the Revolution, when privateers men, granted letters of marque by the Continental Congress, were often given a crew of gunners to aid in their defense against the British I warships. Q. Are the men who were drafted and discharged before December 7, 1941, entitled to veterans' benefits such as hospital care?—E. S. S. A. The Veterans' Administration says that hospitalization and domi ciliary care are available to these veterans if discharged for disability incurred in line of duty or if in re ceipt of a pension for a service dis ability. Benefits of the GI bill and vocational rehabilitation training are also available if eligibility re quirements are met. Q. Will college entrance require ments be modified in the case of a veteran who wishes to study arch itecture but who cannot qualify ir all the required subjects?—J. C. Β A. College authorities state that special aptitude and other tests wili |be given to returned veterans to see ; whether they are ready for college work. If it is decided that additiona high school training is necessary courses are available at day anc night schools. The student may ad ; vance rapidly, so that he car complete the course in a short time McLemore— Sticks His Chin Out, Points Nose at Hikers By Henry McLemore Being a native Georgian, I am supposed to like all Democrats, but I am forced to draw the line at Representative Hoch, Democrat, of T><»ri η «ν 1 να η \ η Representative Hoch is a hiker. Not only is he a hiker, but he wants the al ready weary tax payer of this country to help h i m with h i s hiking. Hiker Hoch has asked the House Roads Com m i 11 e e to build 10,000 miles of foot trails country. At the Henrr MeLemore. °j moment, thank goodness, there is c. a hitch to his hiking. Maj. Gen. a Fleming, Federal Works adminis trator, is against building the trails, = and argues that the shoulders on the highways are good enough for those who like to tear around the Nation on foot. \ Mr. Hoch, however, says, "There is no pleasure in walking along an I open, hot road in an area of gas fumes." Backing him up is one L. F. Knight, assistant chief of the Forestry Service, who says, "Hikers want to recapture the past, follow the paths of Kit Carson and Daniel Boone, experience the pioneer feel ing of self-sufficiency." Why Not Grab an Ax? What puzzles me is if Messrs. Hoch. Knight and those they are speaking for, really want to recap ture the pioneer flavor, why don't i they grab an ax and go out in the woods and do what the fron tiersmen did, which was to build their own trails. Do they think1 that a construction gang, at 50 cents or so an hour, went ahead of Boone when he plunged into the "dark To Relieve Dandruff Dryness, Oiliness. Falling; Hair 43 years' experience. Best available modern equipment. Nominal rates. Exclusive men's department, sepa rate entrance. Morgaret E. Scheetxc, Inc. Ilia Conn. Ave. N.W. Natl 2β2β I RADIO ! II REPAIRS I FREE ESTIMATE 3 While You Wait $ given on any type of ra- £ dio brought into the + store. Reasonable Prices + For Quick High-grade Repairing. Oldest Ra dio Company in the City. In business 22 years. TUBES TESTED FREE! RADIO PARTS & TUBES FOR SALE STAR RADIO 409 11th ST. N.W. 3 Doort Above Pa. Ave. DISTRICT 4700 tC j0r y°u F 1 Enjoy the luxury of this truly fine wine "Ah, there you're got something!" That is sure to be jour first remark when you taste Italian Swiss Colony Muscatel. Its luscious, sweet, ▼elrety-richness makes it the perfect after dinner wine, and perfect for many other usee too. Serre Italian Swiss Colony Muscatel after a luncheon party, or in the afternoon when you're enter taining at bridge—or at "tea" time. Have it ready when friends drop in unexpectedly—as a surprise to offer them. So buy a bottle (or a case) today, and see if you don't agree "Italian Swiss Colony Muscatel is de-licioue!" ^cld lÀiet&zÎ 3?aée/ MUSCATEL PORT AND SHERRY Ask for Italian Swiss Colony wines at your package store KUjg'£*NlA **££atel and bloody ground" of the Kentucky plains? Do you think that Kit Carson refused to traipse through the Southwest until a bulldozer had cleared the way? And Mr. Hoch, and you, Mr. Knight, what makes you so sure that Boone and Carson would not have preferred to have walked down a paved highway on their explora tions than to have to blaze the trails they did? Don't try to tell me, either one of you, that Daniel would have turned down a lift in a Greyhound bus, or that Kit wouldn't have preferred to pa&s those Indians at 60 miles per hour in the back seat of a sedan. Sticks Neck Out. Furthermore—and as an old in fantry foot soldier who is sick and tired of walking, I am getting mad at the pair of you—don't tell me that you'd stop with just building trails. It wouldn't be long, after the trails were built, that some of those modern "pioneers" would want our mountains and valleys dotted with drinking fountains, hot dog and pop counters, shoe half-soling stations, and big signs pointing to the nearest highway where they could hitch-hike into town and get a good rest in a hotel. I know that when I pick on 'Focke" French Rosewood Boby jrand Piano, "Moore and Moore" English Burl Walnut Upright Piano, Mahogany Case 'Waters" Upright Piano, Valu able Paintings, Fireplace Brasses, Bombay Console Table, Chinese Screens and Stands, Peter Hunt Dining Room Furni ture, Upholstered Davenports and Chairs, Dropleaf and Fold ing Top Tables, Chin·, Glass ware, Bric-a-Brac, Books, Pic tures, Oriental Rugs, Mirrors, Blonde Mahogany Dinette Suite, Desks, Coffee Tables and Other Household Effects of Every De scription. At Publie Auction at SLOAN'S 715 13th St. SATURDAY November 3rd, 1945 At 10 A.M. TERMS: CASH. C. G. Sloan Λ Co., Inc.. Aucts. Established 1891 / hikers I am sticking my neck out. Hiking is a religion, not a. spoi . to those who indulge In it. They dcn't just walk for the sake of walking, else they would be satisfied with the shoulders of the highway as sug gested by Gen. Fleming. They want to walk where it is uncomfortable to walk; where brambles and bushes beat them in the face; where they run the risk of spraining their an kles on rocks; where they know there will be no chance to get a good, well-cooked meal, and will have to rely on the slightly dried out victuals In th' · sockets or knapsack*. In short, :y want to come back from a wa . and groan about how beautiful nature is. Personally, I am glad that Mr. Hoch and Mr. Knight and their fellow travelers, are going to stay ofl the shoulders of the highways. When and if I ever get a new car, I certainly don't want my Sunday afternoon spins marred by the sight of hundreds of haggered old hikers, hacking and coughing because of the gas fumes. (Distributed by McNautht Syndicate. Inc.) "I Need Money for Personal Uses" The reception you will receive from our per gonal loan department will be > cordial one. You will feel our intent to be helpful from the start. 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