Newspaper Page Text
- - - 1 - - - __
Weather Forecast Home Delivery y The Evening and Sunday Star Is k u y’ con£lderably coldcr tomorrow- , delivered by carrier in the city and Temperatures yesterday - High, 57, at suburbs at 90c per month when 4 3:20 p.m.; low, 38, at 7:08 a.m. Sundays; $1.00 per month when 5 United States Weather Bureau Report. Sundays. __ Telephone NA. 5000. An Associated Press Newspaper No. 2,123-No. 37,108._ WASHINGTON, D. C., DECEMBER 9, 1945-136 PAGES. “SX TEN CENTS. Axis Agents Tapped Telephone, Marshall Says, Preventing Its Use To Warn Pearl Harbor of Attack — 4 ___ Roosevelt-Churchill Talks Also Were Intercepted, He Says By J. A. O’LEARY and CARTER BROOKE JONES. Gen. George C. Marshall told the Pearl Harbor Investigating Committee yesterday that he didn’t use the telephone to send a war warning to the Hawaiian command the morning of Pearl Harbor because Axis agents were tapping even the transAtlantic conversations of President Roose velt and Winston Churchill. The former Army Chief of Staff revealed that German agents had intercepted Mr. Roosevelt’s calls to London and other foreign capitals and that was the reason the tele phone was not used to advise Ha waii that Japan apparently was going to make some move at 1 p.m. (7:30 ,a.m. in Hawaii). Gen Mar shall said he had warned Mr. Roosevelt and Mr. Churchill to be more careful in what they said in their phone conversations. Due to transmission difficulties, the Marshall warning to Hawaii went by commercial telegraph and radio and did not reach Maj. Gen. Walter C. Short, the Hawaiian com mander, until seven hours after the first bombs fell. iviarMiaii explains. The Army Board report of last August contended that no satis factory explanation had been given of why the War Department mes sage center did not use the Navy or FBI radio or the telephone to send the final warning to Gen. Short. Gen. Marshall yesterday gave his first detailed explanation of why he did not use the telephone on his desk to tell Gen. Short of the critical situation which Wash ington had learned through inter cepting the last Japanese note to Secretary Hull. When Senator Ferguson, Repub lican, of Michigan asked Gen. Mar «hall for an explanation, he replied: “For reasons of security the tele phone was ruled out. That may have been an after-thought, or it may have been discussed at the time—I don’t know.” Ferguson Recalls Statement. Senator Ferguson reminded the witness he had said, in preparing the warnings to field commanders then and 10 days earlier, he had used precautions to avert any overt act by Americans which might pro voke war with Japan. “How,” demanded the Michigan Senator, “could the telephone have been construed as an overt act?” Gen. Marshall said the Japs might have intercepted the call to nawaii, auuuig. "I think they would have grasped at any straw to convince those in this country who doubted our in tegrity that we were at fault, not they.” Asks for More Detail. Senator Ferguson then asked the general to go into more detail about the security of the telephone. "Mr. Roosevelt,” said Gen. Mar shall, “had been in the habit of talking frequently to Winston Churchill over the telephone.” Gen. Marshall said the President also talked to William C. Bullitt, American Ambassador to France be fore the outbreak of war. “We found,” the general added, "that the Germans were intercept ing some of these conversations to Paris and London. I had tests made and found the trans-Atlantic phone talks could be tapped. I talked to the President about it several times, urging him to be more careful in what he said.” Also Warned Churchill. Gen. Marshall said he also talked to Prime Minister Churchill, warn ing him of the danger. Gen. Marshall admitted there was a "scrambler" on the phone which he could have used to call Gen. Short in Hawaii. Asked to define “scrambler,” the wartime chief of staff said: “It makes a conversation sound like Chinese to any one who intercepts it. But the person at the other end can press a button and it unscrambles automatically, coming out in intelligible English.” Geri. Marshall said it had been his habit in the prewar period fre quently to use the phone to talk to comma.nders in outposts like Pan ama. but he found there were too many indiscretions in such con versations and he stopped them. Even a ‘scrambler’ phone can be tapped, Gen. Marshall said, though he did not go into detail. “You did not talk to Gen. Mac Arthur in the Philippines the day (See PEARL HARBOR, Page A-10.) -“ iruman lakes Friends On ^eek-End Cruise President Truman and a party of friends left Washington early last night aboard the presidential yacht Williamsburg for a week-end cruise on the Potomac. They are scheduled to return about 8 am. tomorrow. Accompanying the President were Joseph E. Davies, former ambas sador to Moscow; Secretary of the Treasury Vinson; Senators Lucas, Democrat, of Illinois, and Magnu son, Democrat, of Washington; for mer Postmaster General Prank C. Walker; George E. Allen of the White House stafT, and Comdr. Clark Clifford, assistant naval aide. Radio Programs, Pg. C-9 Complete Index, Pg. A-2 1 / ! New Bomber Cuts Speed Record From West Coast by 45 Minutes | 'Mixmaster' Averages 432 MPH in 2,295-Mile Flight Here in 5 Hours, 17 Minutes (Pictures on Page A-2.) An experimental bomber of radical design, the Douglas XB-42, roared over Bolling Field last night 5 hours, 17 minutes and 34 seconds after it took off from Long Beach, Calif., unoffi cially but decisively smashing all previous transcontinental speed records and averaging 432 miles per hour for the 2,295-mile flight. The National Aeronautic Associa tion has ruled on a technicality that the flight did not set a formal trans continental record, as it was not routed over a course designated by the Federation Aeronautique Inter nationale. The plane, however, in establishing a city-to-city record, bettered the official transcontinental record time by an hour and a quar ter and sliced three-quarters of an hour from the latest unofficial record. Approximately 200 persons greeted the twin-engined ship when it (landed at 6:49 p.m., 10 minutes after buzzing the field, Christos ! Harmantas, NAA timer who clocked the plane at 6:39:34 p.m. over the Bolling Field control tower, ex plained that this is regarded as the actual time of arrival, as landing time may depend on traffic condi tions at the field. Piloted by Lt. Col. H. E. Warder I of McKinney, Tex., chief of the bombardment branch at Wright Field, Dayton, Ohio, and Capt, Glenn W. Edwards, Lincoln, Calif., attached to the bomber test section at Wright Field, the plane took off from Long Beach at 1:22 p.m. Washington time. The XB-42 is officially known as an "altitude medium bomber of monocoque construction, twin-en gined pusher type." Nicknamed the “Mixmaster,” it is driven by counter rotating three-bladed Curtis pro pellors at the end of the tail. Its two Allison liquid-cooled engines are located inside the fuselage just behind the pilot's compartment, an <See PLANE, Page A-1LP King Declares Victory Over Japs Was Due 'Directly' to Navy Retiring Fleet Chief Hits Military Merger In Final Report Admiral Ernest J. King, hitting anew at proposals for merging the Army and Navy, declared last night that American victory over Japan was “directly” due to overwhelming seapower in which “flexibility” of our naval forces was a prime factor. “We now have before us the essen tial lessons of the war,’ the retiring commander in chief of the fleet! and chief of naval operations said in his final report to Secretary of the Navy Forrestal. He added: "It is my earnest conviction that whatever else may have been learned as to the most effective relationship of the ground, naval and air forces, the most definite and most important lesson is that to attempt unity of command in Wash ington is ill-advised in concept and would be impracticable of realiza tion.’’ nmij naiupcicu .lap i^av v. He asserted that “Japanese sea power was hampered by Army con trol” and that “Japan lost the war because she lost command of the sea, and in doing so lost—to us— the island bases from which her factories and cities could be de stroyed by air.” Emphasizing that ‘‘the flexibility and balanced character of our naval forces” has been a prime factor ‘‘in the successful application of our sea power,” he indirectly assailed suggestions for scrapping battleships in favor of airplane carriers and making the naval air arm inde pendent. “Naval aviation is and must al ways be an integral part of the fleet,” he declared in stressing that all fleet components “must be welded together rather than simply co ordinated.” In his argument against unified command in Washington, Admiral King said the joint chiefs of staff system, with flexible arrangements for complete integration of all forces under a single command in the field to meet differing conditions, “proved its worth” during the war. He pointed out that the principle (Continued on Page A-7. Column 1.) I Naval Board Probing Marines,' Shelling of North China Town Village Bombarded With Mortars After Killing Northeast of Tientsin By the Associated Press. TIENTSIN, Dec. 8.—A Naval Board of Inquiry today was in vestigating the action of Amer ican Marines in firing 24 mortar shells into a village northeast of here last Tuesday after two Chi nese gunmen had killed one Ma rine and wounded another “in coid blood.” The Marines announced the shell ing today and seasoned American combat men estimated that the vil lage could have been wiped out If all the 60-millimeter shells scored direct hits. Maj. Gen. Keller E. Rockey, com manding the Marine 3rd Amphibious Corps, said the Marines opened fire after the gunmen fled into the vil lage and the villagers failed to sur render them. His formal statement said a Ma rine officer had given the village a half hour to surrender the two Chinese and issued the order to fire when the deadline expired. Shooting Incidents in Area. The village is about a mile south west of Anshan, which is 40 miles southwest of the Marine-held port of Chinwangtao. It is an area where shooting incidents have been re ported previously. There have been no previous re ports of Marines using mortars against Chinese, although small arms fire has been exchanged with irregulars. (The statement did not say whether there were any Chinese casualties or what were the results of the mortar fire.) Gen. Rockey identified the dead Marine — whose shooting was re ported three days ago—as a private first class and his seriously wounded companion as a corporal. Their names were withheld. Gen. Rockey said the two were hunting rabbits when two Chinese approached. One produced a pistol and shot the Marines "in cold blood.” The corporal escaped by feigning death, Gen. Rockey added, but was shot again in the leg as he lay on the g(ound. The Chinese also fired (See MARINES, Page A-5.) Hess Says He Flew to England To Halt War of 2'Noble Races' Weather Prevented Several Attempted Flights, He Says (Rudolf Hess, through his at torney, Gunther von Rohrscheidt, answered a written list of ques tions submitted by the Associated Press, giving his answers directly in writing. This is the first di rect communication from Hess to the press since his sensational flight to England in 1941.) By LOUIS P. LOCHNER and WES GALLAGHER, Associated Press Foreign Correspondents. NUERNBERG, Dec. 8.—Rudolf Hess declared today that he flew to England to try to halt the fight between two "noble races” —England and Germany—and not to enlist British aid in the attack on Russia, as widely be lieved. Hess asserted he had planned the flight for nearly a year before the invasion of Russia and even had ta ken off for England several times from June,, 1940, onward, but each time was forced back by bad weath er. The successful attempt came on May 10, 1941. The former No. 8 Nasi and self (See HESS, Page A-l.) «* m RUDOLF HESS, Pictured, at Nuernberg Trial. —AP Wirephoto. i * Union Council Spurns Truman's GM Peace Bid Issue Up to Locals; Fight on Proposed Labor Law Urged JOHN L. LEWIS to testify tomorrow on Truman fact-finding proposal. Page A-15. By the Associated Press. DETROIT, Dec. 8—The CIO United Auto Workers’ high coun cil in the General Motors strike turned thumbs down today on President Truman’s proposal to end the strike and urged a drive against his recommended labor legislation. Terming the President’s request that the strikers return to work "ill advised and undeserved,” the union’s ; General Motors council also "vigor iously condemned" his proposed leg islation as "vicious” and "antiiabor.” Thus was emphasized a CIO break , with Mr. Truman as the auto union’s 1 rank and file membership was ad | vised to continue the Nation-wide walkout in General Motors fac tories which has kept 213,000 work ers idle for 18 days. Striking GM locals will vote on the council’s rec i uuimciiuauuus. The GM council recommended that “we mobilize our full political power” in an effort to block Mr. Truman’s proposed legislation. In a resolution the council ashed help from "local unions, individual members and every one we can mo bilize to impress upon the President and the Congress our opposition to this vicious, antilabor legislation." CIO Heads Assail Idea. The President's legislation would set up fact-finding groups in major strikes to make public reports. While these groups were operating, strikes and lockouts would be outlawed. “Public opinion” would influence settlements, the President suggested. CIO heads assailed Mr. Truman's ideas as contrary to labor’s right to strike and asserted that there would be nothing to prevent the “packing" of fact-finding bodies. (The White House said there would be no comment now on the refusal of the General Motors Council to approve Mr. Truman's baok-to-work request. Secre tary of Labor Schwellenbaeh in dicated he believed negotiations would progress hopefullv between the striking auto workers and General Motors Corp. 'Mr. Schwellenbach said he was "not surprised “by the action of the council and gave newsmen the impression that the President may hold off appointment of a fact-finding commission for the GM dispute so long as wage talks continue. The negotiations will be resumed tomorrow. (Other labor officials were opti mistic that a settlement of GM wage differences would be reached this week. (Mr. Schwellenbach will address the Lawyers’ Guild in Detroit to morrow. He emphasized that the engagment was made two months ago and has nothing to do with automobile industry labor trou bles, but confirmed reports said he might be consulted in the dis pute.) "Picket Line” of Cars. The council’s verdict in this new chapter in the union's bitter fight with General Motors for a 30 per cent wage rate increase came short ly after a mass demonstration in the city by fellow unionists in a gigantic motorcade “picket line.” "We regret,” said the GM council (See GENERAL MOTORS, A^CT 4 Killed, 33 Injured In Anti-Peron Battles By the Associated Press. BUENOS AIRES, Dec. 8. — Pour persons were killed and 33 injured today as 200,000 persons braved three hours of gunfire and oratory in the first major demonstration against the candidacy of Col. Juan Peron for the presidency. Speakers of the Radical, Liberal, Socialist and Communist parties de nounced what the termed “Nazi ism" in the military government, which PerOn served as vice presi dent, while columns of Peron sup porters attacked with guns, clubs and fists down the streets leading to Congress Plaza and the Congress building. The series of gun battles intensi fied near the end of the meeting and police finally sent four armored cars and 150 mounted police to clear the square. The meeting ended as they arrived and there was no further violence as the square was emptied of the vast throng within a half hour. The meeting was called by the Democratic Union which was formed by the four parties to combat Peron’s presidential candidacy after he resigned from the government. During the meeting the main body of persons jammed into the square never was under fire, as the gunplay occurred in streets leading to the plaza. One of the sharpest skirmishes oc curred in front of Peron’s district headquarters. Cries of “Viva Per on’’ and “Death to Peron” punctu ated the aeries of battles. » • . : C*._t . B. & O. Lifts Freight Embargo In Move to Ease Gift Shortage Shipments of Less Than Carload Lots Affected; Pennsy Still Hit as Truck Strike Continues The Baltimore & Ohio Rail road’s embargo on freight ship ments to Washington in less than carload lots, instituted Novem ber 19 because of the trucking strike, was lifted yesterday, thus assuring the arrival this week of hundreds of carloads of Christmas merchandise for bare store shelves. The Pennsylvania Railroad em bargo, imposed October 31 when the Eagle Transfer Co. drivers staged a walkout, remains in force. J. J. Adams, B <fc O. freight agent here, said the American Association of Railroads, in conjunction with the Interstate Commerce Commission, released the B. & O. embargo. The new development will bring almost immediate relief to smaller shop owners whose less-than-carlot shipments of seasonal merchandise were banned from incoming rails. The B. & O., which has been hand ling 40 to 50 carloads of freight p>er day since the strike began—with its no-struck Jacob’s Transfer Co. drivers—anticipates an influx of 1,000 freight cars a week, laden with Christmas goods. Some observers predict, however, that the Pennsylvania Railroad cannot lift its own embargo until at least 18 days after the end of the strike because of the pile-up of Washington-bound freight cars in out-of-town points. Possibility also arose that the Pennsylvania may face a loss of nearly a half-million (See TRUCKERS, Page A-4.) Gen. Homma Indicted For War Crimes of Japs in Philippines Accused of Death March And Other Atrocities; Faces Manila Trial By the Associated Press. TOKYO, Sunday, Dec. 9.—The United States today formally charged Japanese Lt. Gen. Masa haru Homma, conqueror of the Philippines, with permitting the death march of Bataan and other atrocities against Filipinos and Americans. The indictment, made public by Gen. MacArthur, also named four other officers accused of sanctioning murder, brutalities and other crimes during the early months of the war in the Philippines. Meanwhile, Gen. MacArthur’s headquarters announced that the Secretary of War has ordered that Anal action in the case of Lt. Gen. Tomoyuki Yamashita shall be with held pending disposition by the United States Supreme Court of petitions for writs of habeas corpus and prohibition. Yamashita is under sentence of hanging decreed by a military court as punishment for condoning atroc ities by his Japanese troops in the Philippines. WiH Be Taken to Manila. Homma, 58, who is held at Omori prison camp outside Tokyo, will be taken to Manila for trial shortly, presumably before the same type of military commission which two days ago sentenced Yamashita. v Some of the other officers named already are in the Philippines. The trial dates will be announced later by Lt. Gen. Wilhelm D. Styer. com lacuiuu vi niiici ivaii xvitco an uic Southwest Pacific. The indictment, consisting of two broad charges and 42 specifications, does not accuse Homma himself of committing atrocities or specifically ordering them, but of permitting troops under his command to mur der, criminally attack, rob, pillage and otherwise violate the laws of war. The other officers listed were Lt. Col. Saichi Ohta, commander of the dreaded Kempei Tai (military po lice) in the Philippines during 1942; Maj. Zanzo Saito, commander (See HOMMA, Page A-5.) J. W. Lauderdale Reported Slated for PUC Post James W. Lauderdale, people’s counsel, is the probable choice for the vacancy on the Public Utilities Commission created by the resigna tion of James Francis Reilly, it was reported reliably yesterday. The appointment is not expected to be made by the White House im mediately, but is likely in the near future. The post has been vacant several weeks. Mr. Lauderdale, former assistant corporation counsel, was named to his present poet by President Roose velt in March. 1944. The prospective PUC appointee is 41 and a native of the District. He was graduated from National Law School in 1930 and entered District service four yean later as assistant corporation counsel Byrnes and Bevin Due To Seek Atom Control Voice for Small States Proposal Is Expected To Be Handed Molotov At Moscow Conference IRAN MINISTER sees Reds irked by denial of oil concessions. A-2. By the Associated Press. Secretary of State Byrnes and Foreign Minister Bevin almost certainly will seek Russian sup port for a formula to give small nations a voice in control of atomic energy when they meet foreign Commissar Molotov in Moscow this week. Diplomatic officials said yesterday that preliminary agreement on some sort of atomic control formula would be an important step toward building closer relations among the great powers. The problem is to come up formally at the United Nations Assembly meeting in Jan uary. Mr. Byrnes reportedly wants the Assembly of the United Nations ratner tnan the Security Council to handle It because (1) 51 nations rather than 11 would play some part, and (2) the big-power veto would not apply. Authorities here believe the British share these views. Must Leave by Wednesday. Secretary Byrnes moved into a busy week end yesterday in prep aration for flying to Moscow as early as he can get away. Officials said he must leave Wednesday at the latest to reach the Soviet capi tal by next Saturday, when the Big Three Foreign Ministers’ Conference opens. Here are high spots of the day’s developments building up to the Moscow talks: 1. The State Department made public the text of the Russian note rejecting an American proposal that Soviet and British troops as well as American be pulled out of Iran (See BIO THREE, Page A-25.) By DON S. WARREN. Formal proposals that all Fed eral and District government agen cies be required to pay for the huge quantities of water they now use without cost, at the expense of other District water users, were placed before the Senate District Committee yesterday by the Dis trict Commissioners. The Commissioners, in a report submitted by Commissioner John Russell Young, opposed the bill of fered nearly a year ago by Senator McCarran, Democrat, of Nevada to set up a new water administration to replace the present management but approved many of its individual features, including one to end “free water,” except for churches and charities. A substitute Mil now being drafted would carry out these approved pro vlgloaa. The Commissioners’ report GOP Committee Votes To Expand Program Of Party Caucuses i Policies Outlined By Congressional Groups Unanimously Indorsed By GOULD LINCOLN, Star Staff Correspondent. CHICAGO, Dec. 8.—The Re publican National Committee to day unanimously indorsed the program adopted Wednesday by the Republican members of the House and Senate “as the basis of the policy of our party." The committee went further, however, and declared that this statement of principles and policies should be "further developed and augmented by the ideas of the Re publican party throughout the country." The committee instructed Na tional Chairman Herbert Brownell. jr„ to appoint a committee of seven members of the National committee to receive and collate suggestions for further development of a na tional program, “to the end that the ultimate declaration shall repre sent the aggregate of the conscience, intelligence and hopes of the Re publicans in all States.” The seven-member committee was instructed to co-operate with the Republican members of Congress or any committee appointed by them to carry out the intent of the na tional committee's action, in effect, provides a means for drafting a more comprehensive statement of party policies than is contained in the Congressional program. The action was applauded both by critics and supporters of the uginui cvo A1/ liun stands. An open breach in com mittee was avoided. In some measure, however, this 1 action was forced by those mem bers of the committee who con j sidered the Congressional declara tion of principles neither strong enough nor concrete enough, nor that it covered enough ground. Several of these critics, among them National Committeeman Ralph H. Cake of Oregon and Na I tional Committeeman Prank O. Horton of Wyoming, had demanded that' the national committee delay action on the Congressional pro ; gram. Others also had insisted that the national committee should 1 not he asked to accept the docu ment written by the Republican members of Congress without im plementing it. They all expressed i themselves pleased with the com i promise they had obtained. Not a Concession, He Says. Mr. Brownell, who said he would appoint the new committee on na tional policy as soon as he returns to Washington headquarters, said in an interview that the action of the committee was not "a concession” to the insurgent group. “It’s what I have wanted all along,” he said. "There has never been a continuing policy agency. I consider the new plan one of the best things that has been done by the committee.” Mr. Brownell added that he hoped this agency would be continued into the presidential campaign year, when the Republican National Con (Continued on Pg. A-13, ColumnT) Commissioners Urge Senators To End 'Free Water' to Aaencies has not been submitted to the Bud get Bureau for approval, since a prompt report on the McCarran measure had been requested by Senator Johnston, Democrat, of South Carolina, head of a District subcommittee considering the bill. In brief, the Commissioners said the desirable aims of the McCarran bill can be obtained by "simpler” methods which would leave the management of the water supply and distribution “more directly re sponsive” to the will of Congress, and eliminate the need for “adding one more to the already large num ber of Individual administrative agencies.” The distribution, billing and col lecting agencies of the water sys tem now are under control of the Water Department, under the Com missioners, and the supply system is managed by the District engineer (See WATER, Page A-d.) 200 Employes Of Store Suffer Food Poisoning Samples Taken From Workers' Cafeteria To Determine Cause fPictures on Page B-l; List of Victims on Page A-6.) More than 200 employes of the Woodward & Lothrop Depart ment Store were stricken with food poisoning after eating in the store’s employes’ cafeterias yesterday. More than half of them were treated at the store’s medical department and of these 71 were taken to hospitals in am bulances, police scout cars and fire rescue squad ambulances. Police gave first aid to five persons. Almost 100 employes who com plained of illness but did not re quire medical attention, were al lowed to go home. Nearly 1,000 persons massed on * Tenth street in front of St. Patrick’s Church to watch as the victims were brought from the store's shipping entrance on stretchers for removal to hospitals. Samples of Food Taken. Health Department officials and representatives of the Pure Food and Drug Administration entered the case and took samples of the foods served in two employes’ cafe terias. Bacteriologists were testing the food last night but said no re sults ’ would be announced for 24 hours. James W. Hardev, store advertis ing manager, said that no victims had been reported among custom ers of the tea room patronized by the public. The first case of illness was re ported about 3 p.m. and from that time on until 6 p.m. employes seized by illness jammed the store medical department until they could be treated and removed. 20 Persons Sent Home. By 10 p.m. hospitals reported they had sent about 20 persons home, with the remainder either admitted as patients or continuing under ob servation. Ambulances from Freedman's, Emergency, Casualty and Gallinger Hospitals and one from Silver Spring were used to remove the largest number of victims. Fifteen police vehicles, including 13 scout cars and two patrol wagons con verted for emergency use, plus Nos. 1, 2 and 3 fire rescue squad ambu lances also were used. Police w»ere notified of the out break by store officials at 4:15 pjn. : aim nicy aicriea imfcpitais. r-unco I and ambulance sirens in the down I town area led to rumors there had ! been an "explosion'’ and that many persons had been hurt. Officials Suspect Meat. While there was no official report to indicate what food was to blame, store officials said they suspected that smoked tongue served for luncheon between 11 a m. and 3 p.m. was responsible. Many victims also said they sus pected the tongue, which one de scribed as "a funny kind of reddish color.’’ Miss Alva Tyler, supervisor of food at the store, told newspaper men the employes' menu consisted of smoked tongue, string beans, corn chowder, potatoes, apple pie and ice cream. Two Groups of Cooks. She made it clear there were two separate group* of cooks in the store—one for the public tea room and one for the employes’ cafe terias. White employes are served on the eighth floor and colored em ployes on the sixth floor. Approximately 1.200 store em ployes were served lunch yesterday, Mr. Hardey said. Tea room and cafeteria food are kept separate. Miss Tyler said, and menus are "completely different.’’ Doctors Called. As more and more employes be came ill, store officials called in three physicians, Dr. J. Lawn Thompson, Dr. H. Franklin Kreuz berg and Dr. Maurice Mensh. pri vate practitioners, who directed treatment in the store’s medical de partment. Two of the store's three nurses were on duty when the oubreak first was noticed, and the third nurse came on nuiy aoout » p.m. Many ’ persons became ill in rest rooms and had to be helped to the medical de partment. As employes were carried out of (See POISONING, Page A-6.) Pauley to Return to U. S. Without Visiting Korea By the Associated Press. TOKYO, Dec. 8. — Reparations \ Commissioner Edwin W. Pauley was J scheduled to leave Tokyo today for j Manila and then the United States, presumably after failing to obtain ( permission to visit personally Rus- j sian-held Northern Korea and Man- ! churia. Other commission members 1 remain here. Mr. Parley told a press confer ence recently, either he or members > of his mission would remain in ' Japan until permission was obtained to visit those countries in connec tion with reparations studies. He said the State Department had re quested Russian permission to make the visit, which he asserted was necessary to the work of his mis sion. He anticipated permission, he added, but failed to state when. In a statement today, Mr. Pauley favored turning over to Korea some Japanese plants and equipment, but proposed postponement of alloca tions until “the needs of the whole country” can be considered. He stated both the American oc cupation of Southern Korea and Russian occupation of the northern portion of thi.t country are consid ered temporary and that under the United Nations policy, all Korea eventually will be treated as a unit.