OCR Interpretation


Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 10, 1945, Image 1

Image and text provided by Library of Congress, Washington, DC

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045462/1945-12-10/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

Weather Forecast Guide for Readers
Snow cnanging to rain this afternoon; colder * Page. Page.
tonight; freezing tomorrow. Amusements-B-l* Obituary _A-8
---— Comics .....-B-18-19 Radio .B-19
Temperatures today—High, 45, at 12:01 a.m.: Editorials _A-6 Society_B-3
low, 35, at 1:30 p.m. Yesterday—High, 52, at Edit’l Articles....A-7 Sports.A-10-11
3:20 p.m.; low, 35, at 1:10 am. Finance ..A-13 Woman’s Page..B-14
_I Lost and Found..A-3 Where to Go_B-5
Lcfte New York Morkets, Poge A-13 An Associated Press Newspaper
93d YEAR. No. 37,109. Phone NA. 5000._WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, DECEMBER 10, 1945-THIRTy-FOUR PAGES. ★★★★ 90/YsuX,,8V'ol 5 CENTS
Lewis Blasts Truman Labor Plan
As, Step to Enslave' 50 Million
Working Men in Statutory Irons'
_[4_
GM Is 'Dishonest/
UAW'Blundering/
Mine Chief Says
By JAMES Y. NEWTON.
John L. Lewis charged today
that President Truman's plan
for fact-finding commissions to
investigate labor disputes would
“place in statutory irons 50,000,
000 people who work for a living
in this country,” and would be
the first step toward creation of
an “absolute state.”
Testifying before the House Labor
Committee on a bill to enact Presi
dent Truman's plan to minimize in
dustrial strife through public fact
finding investigation, Mr. Lewis also
blasted the General Motors Corp.
and the CIO-United Automobile
Workers in connection with the cur
rent automobile strike.
He said the Government could
settle the automobile strike in 10
days if it would allow the manu
facturers a price which would per
mit a fair profit. He termed the
company's position in the dispute
“dishonest” and characterized the
UAW's explanation of its strike as
“stupid.”
Calls Proposal "Evil, Vile.”
Hhe referred to the President's
proposal as an “evil, vile-smelling
mess * * * full of dozens of loop-:
holes that would make it unwork
able,” and said it was designed only'
to "appease and protect a few mil
lionaires w’ho find themselves
frightened by the growing strength
of labor.”
Then turning to the General Mo
tors strike, he declared:
“The world knows and Congress
ought to know it would be settled
in 10 days if the Government would!
give to General Motors a price for
cars where they can make and sell |
them for a fair profit.
"They are making more money •
now not making cars than if they!
were producing them full blast, be
cause of the present tax laws.
I' X IV RlunrtprpH Hi> Slavs
"And the poor blundering leaders
of the UAW picked this rime of all
times to shut down General Motors,
when it would make more money
not operating than producing,
"The dishonesty on one side by
the company is equal only to the
stupidity on the other side for that
labor organization.
"I hope Congress won't equal that
stupidity by enacting this proposed
legislation for fact-finding boards.
Will Fight for Liberty.
"I don’t think Congress wants to
bring about the turmoil that this
bill would produce.
"If you take away my liberty, I
fight you, I care not who you are.
I say that for myself and I say that:
for labor.”
“I speak in opposition to this bill
as a representative of labor and as
a citizen of the United States who
is anxious to preserve its liberties:
and freedom of enterprise,” Mr.1
Lewis told the committee, referring
to the fact-finding legislation.
Under the bill, the President
would appoint fact-finding commis
sions to investigate disputes certi
fied to him by the Secretary of
Labor as threatening the national
public interest. A "cooling-off”
period in the bill would prohibit
strikes or lock outs for a 30-day j
period while such a commission was
carrying out its investigation.
Would Aid Professors.
Mr. Lewis described a provision
in the bill for paying commission
members $100 a day as a “section
which should be labeled a bill to
relieve the economic destitution
among college professors in Amer
ica.”
His comment was in reference to
the fact that a large percentage of
the arbitrators picked to settle dis
putes are college professors. In the
proposal before the committee the
commission would be given 20 days
to make their investigations of dis
putes.
Mr. Lewis said the “first act of
the college professors after they got
their eyeglasses adjusted” would be
to say they couldn't do he job in 20
days. Then, he added, the "profes
sors would sit on the case all sum
mer at $100 a day. Meanwhile, labor
would be prevented from making
any move. This would only delay
settlement of disputes.”
"I consider the bill would restrict
the actions of labor, neutralize the
tContinued on Page A-12, Column 1.)
Late Bulletins
Laughlin Denied Review
The Supreme Court today
denied James J. Laughlin,
Washington attorney, a re
view of action by District
Court which fined him $150
on a contempt charge. The
fine was imposed while
Laughlin was appearing as
counsel for several defend
ants in the trial of 26 per
sons on seditious conspiracy
charges.
Yamashita Action Deferred
The Supreme Court today
deferred any action on a re
quest by Japanese Lt. Gen.
Tomoyuki Yamashita that it
intervene in the war crimes
case which resulted in his
conviction and sentence to
death.
Charles Town Results
FIRST RACE—Purse, $600: 3-year-oldp
and uu: claiming: 4Vi furlongs.
Miss Flyer (Anderson) 23.40 10 80 7 00
Charmful (Arduini) 13.00 8.40
Wilton (Garrettson) 7.20
Time, 0:54.
_ Also ran—Macbriar. Wtldmute. Bit *f
nerve, Rocky Craig and Toots Boy.
a i
Patton Paralyzed Below Neck,
Condition Critical After Crash
Nerve Doctors Called
From U. S., England;
Wife Flying to Side *
i
By the Associated Press.
MANNHEIM, Germany. Dec.
10.—Nerve specialists were sum
moned from England and the
United States today to treat Gen.
George S. Patton, jr„ lying partly
paralyzed from a fractured neck
vertebra which he suffered in an
automobile accident yesterday.
His condition remains critical, an
official bulletin at 6 p.m. (German
time) said.
An earlier Army medical bulletin
announced that Gen. Patton was
completely paralyzed below the level
of the fractured third cervical verte
bra in the neck and that dislocation
of the fourth cervical was being
closely observed because of the very
serious nature of the injury.
The bulletin said an X-ray showed
the fourth cervical had been pushed
back in place, however.
Gen. Patton was completely ra
tional and spent a comfortable night
at Heidelberg Hospital, the bulletin
said.
Hurrying to his side by trans
Schwellenbach Says
U. S. Will Not Seize
GM Plants in Dispute
Calls on Union and
Company to End Row
'As Soon as Possible'
BULLETIN.
DETROIT (£*>.—'The UAW
today proposed to the Ford
Motor Co. a “company secur
ity” plan providing for dis
charge of any employe found
guilty of “fomenting, insti
gating or giving leadership”
in an unauthorized strike.
The proposal also provides for
financial penalties against any
worker participating in an
unauthorized walkout.
Bj the Associated Press. ^
DETROIT, Dec. 10.—Secretary
of Labor Schwellenbach today
said the Government has the
power to seize the struck plants
of General Motors Corp., blit
would not exercise it, and called
on both sides to settle their dis
pute “as soon, as possible.”
The Secretary told a press con
ference it was “extremely impor
tant" to th'e “economic life” of the
Nation that an early settlement be
ichieved in the walkout, which has
nade 213.000 General Motors work
ms idle since November 21.
The Schwellenbach statement
lame as the CIO United Autorno
oile Workers prepared to present
to the Ford Motor Co. its pian to
penalize union workers engaged in
so-called wildcat work stoppages
ind walkouts.
Defends Truman Plan.
Mr. Schwellenbach, in Detroit for
i speech tonight, included in his
comments on the UAW strike at
3M a defense of President Tru
nan’s legislative proposals to help
abor peace in general.
Asserting there was no desire on
the part of the President to “de
stroy” labor unions, he defended his
thief against the attack on Mr.
Truman by Philip Murray, CIO
^resident. The Secretary pointed to
Mr. Truman’s "long record of friend
ship for labor.”
Mr. Schwellenbach said he would
testify in Congress in support of the
President’s proposal for the naming
yf fact-finding bodies to act in ma
jor labor disputes.
The President held up his ap
Dointment of a fact-finding group
’or the General Motors strike be
;ause the corporation and the auto
workers returned to negotiation, Mr.
Schwellenbach said.
“The philosophy behind the Presi
ient’s proposal,” Mr. Schwellenbach
said, “is that the fact-finding boards
(See AUTO WORKERS. Page A-5.)
First Real Snow
Of Season Falls;
Colder Tonight
Washington got its first real snow
fall of the season this afternoon, but
the Weather Bureau saw the flakes
probably would melt as fast as they
fell.
The forecaster predicted the large,
wet flakes, which began falling at
1:25 p.m., would change into rain
later. The thermometer dropped 10
degrees from 45 at midnight last
night to 35 degrees at 1:30 p.m.
Much colder weather tonight and
tomorrow, accompanied by strong
northwest winds and a tempera
ture drop to about 25 degrees in the
morning, was prediotfed by the
Weather Bureau.
The temperature will remain
below freezing all day tomorrow
and should hit a low of about 20
degrees by early Wednesday, the
forecast said.
A high of 52 degrees was reached
at 3:20 p.m. yesterday.
Cold and windy weather is pre
dicted for the entire Eastern sea
board from New England to the
Gulf States tonight and tomorrow,
with temperatures falling sharply.
The coldest weather yet _ experi
enced this season is anticipated..
I ft
GEN. PATTON.
—AP Photo.
Atlantic plane were his wife and a
neurosurgery specialist. Col, R. G.
Spurling of Louisville, Ky. Already
at the hospital are Maj. Gen. A. W.
Kenner, theater surgeon, and Prof.
Hugh Carnes, a British specialist
who had been flown to the hospital
(See PATTON, Page A-12.)
Dean Acheson Denies
Hurley's Charges of
Wrecking Iran Policy
' Says He Opposed
Some Recommendations
Made to Roosevelt
By JOSEPH H. BAIRD.
Undersecretary of State Dean
Acheson denied before the Sen
ate Foreign Relations Commit
tee today that he had “wrecked”
Maj. Gen. Patrick J. Hurley’s
policy in Iran.
He said, however, he had opposed
certain recommendations which Gen.
Hurley had made to President
Roosevelt on lease-lend policy in
the Near East.
Gen. Hurley was in Iran in 1944
on a special mission for the White
House.
Mr. Acheson said that in Jan
uary. 1945, Gen. Hurley gave the!
President a memorandum on policy!
in Iran which was submitted to the
State Department. He said he sub
mitted a memorandum to the Sec
retary of State opposing Gen. Hur
ley's recommendations.
Mr. Acheson then was Assistant,
Secretary of State in charge of eco
nomic affairs.
Hurley Charges Read.
Chairman Connally opened the!
hearing by reading the transcript
of testimony taken last Friday when !
Gen. Hurley testified that Mr. Ache
son had wrecked his policy in Iran.!
He said then he had prepared for
President Roosevelt the Teheran
declaration.
Senator Vandenberg. Republican,
of Michigan, pointed out that Gen.
Hurley did not specify the details
of his charge.
Mr. Acheson recalled that he said
Gen. Hurley had a heated contro
versy at the State Department later,
as the result of his opposition. He
mentioned a “certain phrase” in his
memorandum which the President's
envoy resented, but did not iden
tify it.
“Globalony” Term Used.
Although Mr. Acheson did not
testify to the fact, it was learned
that the memorandum, which one
of Mr. Acheson’s assistants pre
pared, accused Gen. Hurley of deal
ing in "messianic globalony.”
The phrase originated with Rep
resentative Luce, Republican, of
Connecticut, who used it in a House
speech criticizing New Deal policy.
Mr. Acheson testified that during
a talk he had with Gen. Hurley the
envoy made caustic remarks about
his unnamed assistant, because he
was not in the military service. A
“heated” argument ensued, he said,
but finally an agreement was
reached that the remarks be ex
punged from the record.
At the request of Senator Vanden
<See HURLEY, Page A-5.)
Marshall Says
Britain Sought
Singapore Aid
Testifies He Opposed
Pressure for Part
Of Fleet in 1941
By J. A. O'LEARY and
CARTER BROOKE JONES.
British pressure to persuade
the United States to move a por
tion of her fleet into Singapore
in the months before. Pearl Har
bor was described to the Pearl
Harbor Investigating Committee
today by Gen. George C. Mar
shall. wartime Chief of Staff.
"We were very much opposed to
that," Gen. Marshall testified.
He said he and Admiral Harold
R. Stark, chief of naval operations,
did everything possible to delay the
war in the Pacific which seemed in
evitable because they w’anted time
to be better prepared.
"The British were very desirous
of our placing a large number of
vessels at Singapore." said Gen.
Marshall, "We were very much op
posed.”
Alarmed by Jap Moves.
Gen. Marshall said the British
explained that they were unable to
reinforce their fleet in Singapore to
any extent, because of the situation!
in the Mediterranean and the At-1
lantic, and were alarmed at the
menace of the Japanese advance
into Indo-China and their threat
ened advance toward Thailand.
Senator Ferguson, Republican, of
Michigan, who drew these state
ments from the retired chief of
staff, referred to the minutes of a
staff conference November 3. 1941,
little more than a month before the
attack on Pearl Harbor. The min
utes showed Secretary of State Hull
had advised no further warnings to
Japan unless we were prepared to
back them up.
"Were we in a position to back up
additional warnings?” Senator Fer
guson asked.
"We were not,” Gen. Marshall said
firmly.
Can’t Recall Stand on Fleet.
Gen. Marshall also told the com
mittee on his fourth day of inter
rogation :
That he is unable to recall what
his attitude was at the time on the
disputed question of basing the Pa
cific Fleet in Hawaii in the spring
of 1940.
That in the fall of 1641 it was
his belief that war between Japan
and Great Britain over Singapore
would have meant wrar between the
United States and Japan.
That he had felt, in staff discus
sions during the fall of 1941. that
the Army would be in reasonably !
?ood shape to repel an invasion of
our Pacific possessions by Decem
ber 5, but there were subsequent
delays, particularly in moving sup
plies and equipment to the Philip
pines. which was considered the
nost vulnerable outpost.
“Did the President confer with
you in regard to this so-called ulti
matum?” Senator Ferguson in
quired.
Wanted More Time.
“I do not recall,” Gen. Marshall
replied. "I might add that Admiral
Stark and I were always on the side
of delay. We wanted more time to
prepare.”
Pressed by Senator Ferguson, Gen.
Marshall could not remember when
he first knew of a message inter
<See PEARL HARBOR, Page A-12.)
British Lords to Hear
Joyce's Appeal Today
By ;hf Associated Press.
LONDON, Dec. 9—Britain's House,
af Lords was to take up today the
appeal of William (Lord Haw Haw)
Joyce, who has been sentenced to
leath for his wartime broadcasts for
the Nazis.
Three or more lords of appeal,
constituting a court of last resort,
will listen for three or four days to
arguments and then decide whether
to uphold or reverse the verdict of
the King’s Court which found Joyce
guilty of high treason.
Unarmed Marine Shot in Face
In Attack by Chinese Civilians
By the Associated Press.
TIENTSIN, Dec. 9 (Delayed) .—An
unarmed American Marine sergeant
was shot from a horse on the out
skirts of Tientsin late yesterday and
wounded painfully in the face, Ma
rine headquarters said today.
The announcement said the Ma
rine encountered three Chinese civ
ilians at a narrow bridge spanning
an irrigation ditch.
The Marine smiled and greeted
the Chinese, who also smiled and
at the same time drew pistols and
began firing, headquarters said.
One bullet struck the Marine in
the face and he jumped into the icy
waters of the canal. He reported
that two of the Chinese followed
him along the bank, firing at point
blank range, while the third held
his horse.
The Marine said the two Chinese
emptied their pistols, reloaded, and
began firing again until at last he
made his way out of the canal to a
village of mud huts.
Here, the Marine continued, vil
lagers told him they were afraid to
help him, but he obtained a bicycle
from one of them and started back
to Tientsin.
Finally he met a Russian woman
who took him to her home_ where
her husband removed his wet and
frozen clothing and called the Ma
rines. The Marines brought a
truck and took him to a hospital.
The sergeant, whose name was
not anounced, had spent 32 months
overseas and joined the 1st Marine
Division in North China last No
vember 12.
The incident followed by four
dajj the slaying of one Marine and
the wounding of a second by Chi
nese gunmen near a village north
east of here. After the previous
shooting the Marines fired 24 mortar
shells into a village where the gun
man took refuge.
There was no indication here that
the two shootings were connected.
A Naval Board of Inquiry is in
vestigating the mortar attack in an
effort to learn if any Marine or
Naval officer was blameworthy. The
board's findings probably will be
sent to the Secretary of the Navy
and it is unlikely any anouncement
will be made here.
Restaurant Manager Is Found McMillan Takes Hand
Shot Fatally, Woman Wounded In Jail Investigation
Pistol Discovered in *
Apartment Hallway
Near Man's Body
Jack De Cosin, 49, manager of
Childs Restaurant, 1340 New
York avenue N.W., was found
shot to death early today in the
hallway of 2514 Q street N.W.,j
and Miss Margie Suthard, 33.
also a restaurant manager, was;
found wounded in her apart
ment on the ground floor of the
building.
Police said four suicide notes were
found on Mr. De Cosin s body and
a .45-caliber automatic pistol was
on the floor beside him. He lived
at 917 Eighteenth street N.W.
Miss Suthard was taken to Emer
gency Hospital with a bullet wound
in her abdomen and was admitted
in undetermined condition. ,
The shootings occurred shortly
after 6 a m.
According to police one of the
notes left by Mr. De Cosin was in the;
form of a will. It was addressed to!
his three children—Jacqueline, 17:;
Betty, 28. and Robert. 22, and or
dered distribution of his property!
MISS MARGIE SUTHARD.
among them. Robert has just been
discharged from the Army Air
Forces, where he served as a ser
geant and flew 52 missions. He is
coming to Washington today to
identify his father’s body.
Mr. De Cosin also left a note ad
(See SHOOTING, Page A-4.)
Japan Urged to Enter
War in Spring of r41,
Nazi Order Discloses
Attack on Singapore, Not
Pearl Harbor, Favored,
Nuernberg Court Told
B? the Associated Press.
NUERNBERG. Dec. 10.—Ger
man military leaders were urging
Japan to get into the war in the
spring of 1941, but had no idea
the Japanese might strike an
opening blow at Pearl Harbor,
according to a hitherto secret
German command order dis
closed today at the Nuernberg,
war crimes trial.
American prosecutors laid before
the four-power tribunal a directive
signed March 5, 1941, by Field Mar
shal Wilhelm Keitel, chief of the
high command, proposing a Japa
nese attack on Singapore as a means
of “forcing England to the ground
quickly and thereby keeping the
United States out of the war.”
That Keitel was reluctant at that
time to fight America was Seen in
his warning that Japanese attacks
be extended to bases “of American
naval power only if entry of the
United States into the war cannot
be prevented.”
Parley Records Cited.
In a court session marked by the
plea of innocence by Ernst Kalten
brunner, once-dreaded No. 2 man in
the Gestapo, American prosecutors
turned to evidence of collaboration
between Japan and Germany in
spreading aggression throughout the
world.
Records of a conference between
German Foreign Minister Joachim
von Ribbentrop and Japanese For
eign Minister Yosuke Matsuoka in
Berlin on March 29, 1941, and April
5, 1941, showed that Ribbentrop dis
paraged the Japanese fear that
American submarines based in the
Philippines would endanger any
Japanese move against Singapore.
In his directive in which he urged
a Japanese attack on Singapore,
Keitel wrote:
“The common aim of the conduct
of the war is to be stressed as forc
ing England to the ground quickly
and thereby keeping the United
States out of the war. Beyond this
Germany has no. political, military
(See NUERNBERG, Page A-4.)
New York Bars to Open
All Night December 31
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, Dec. 10.—The gayest
New Year eve celebration in New
York since before the war was as
sured today as the State Liquor
Authority announced it would per
mit bars to operate all night for
the occasion, provided they obtain a
special $10 permit.
The regular weekday closing hour
is 4 am. Hotels and night clubs
reported they already had been
receiving a flood of early reserva
tions.
e
U. S.-British Board
Appointed to Study
Jewish Migration
Judge Hutcheson Heads
Six American Members;
Report Asked in 120 Days
By J. A. FOX.
The composition of the Anglo-i
American Committee of Inquiry
which will study the whole ques
tion of Jewish immigration into
Palestine and other means of
aiding hapless Jews in Europe,
was announced simultaneously
in Washington and London this
morning, and at the same time
the American and British gov
ernments called on the group of
12 to speed its study and to re
port within 120 days.
The committee will operate under
a rotating chairmanship.
Federal Judge Joseph C. Hutch
eson of the Fifth Circuit Court of
Appeals was named as the Amer
ican chairman.
uwfr Americans >amea.
The other American members
are:
William Phillips, former Under
secretary of State, who has served
also as Ambassador to Italy, per
sonal representative of the Presi
dent in India and delegate to the
London Naval Conference of 1935.
O. Max Gardner, former Gover
nor of North Carolina and chair
man of the Advisory Committee of
the Office of War Mobilization and
Reconversion.
Frank Aydelotte, former president
of Swarthmore College and now
director of the Institute for Ad
vanced Study at Princeton and
American secretary of the Rhodes
Trust.
Frank W. Buxton, editor of the
Boston Herald.
James G. McDonald, formerly
chairman of the board of the For
(See JEWS, Page A-47)
After 2 More Escape
Plans Immediate Talk
With Welfare Board
And Commissioners
Flight of two more prisoners
yesterday from the District Jail
via the window route today
elicited a promise from the
chairman-elect of the House Dis
trict Committee for an early
review of the situation with
District officials.
representative MCMiiian. Demo
crat, of South Carolina, who suc
ceeds Representative Randolph as
head of the District Committee Jan
uary 1, said he intended to confer
with the Commissioners and Public
Welfare Board members at once to
chart a course of committee action
but shied away from suggestions
for "hasty'’ congressional action.
Another investigation of the latest
break was set off by Commissioner
J. Russell Young, who directed As
sistant Police Supt. Harvey G. Cal
lahan to push an inquiry with em
phasis on the conduct of 36 police
men assigned to the jail as extra
guards since last Monday. "I want
no whitewash,” the Commissioner
said.
Cut Bar With Knife.
District authorities still were con
cerned with fixing responsibility for
the escape of five prisoners on No
vember 24 when their attention was
diverted yesterday by two 17-year
year-old boys who sawed through
a bar of the third-floor juvenile
dormitory with a common table
knife, shinnied down a length of
bed sheeting, scaled two walls and
disappeared.
The escape was accomplished
even w’hile eight policemen, four
armed with shotguns, toured streets
outside of the walls in anticipation
of such a break.
sees iwo rrooiems.
In discussing his intervention
Representative McMillan said the
problem appeared to fall into two
categories: <1) Source of the dif
ficulties resulting in the jail breaks
and the subsequent arguments over
responsibilities, and <21 the prob
able need for a review later of the
whole welfare law and welfare ad
ministration machinery.
He said whatever the District
Committee does will follow “delib
erate consideration” and confer
ences with Commissioners and pos
sibly members of the Welfare Board.
“If our committee can be of any
assistance we want to do what we
can. but I am not-going to try to
run the administration of District
affairs," he said. "Ours is a legis
lative responsibility and not the
details of administration."
Long-Range Question.
The question of a review of the
welfare setup, under a law adopted
about 20 years ago. is more of a
long-range nature and should be
gone in “at a time when there are
no passions or personalities in
volved,” he said.
Noting that the Council of Social
Agencies was studying the District’s
penal and welfare system, Mr. Mc
Millan said he would ask for a full
report of the findings. He said he
concurred with Representative Ste
fan, Republican, of Nebraska, of the
District subcommittee of the House
Appropriations Committee, who said
(See JAIL BREAK. Page A-12.)
Scientist Says Army Secrecy
Delayed Atom Bomb 1 Vi Years
By the Associated Press.
A Chicago University scientist
testified today that unnecessary
military secrecy had delayed pro
duction of the atomic bomb atJeast
18 months. f*
Dr. Leo Szilard offered this testi
mony before the special Senate
committee investigating atomic
energy.
Senator Johnson, Democrat, of i
Colorado asked Dr. Szilard about'
delays after the latter had criticized!
the “system of compartmentiliza
tion” evolved by Army officers when
they took over the atomic project in
1942.
Dr. Szilard explained that Army
officers asked the scientists to work
only on parts of the project and
not discuss results with other sci
entists on other parts. He added
this was “unnecessary.”
» /
Senator Johnson asked “how
much delay this caused in produc
tion for use of the first atomle
bomb?”
Dr. Szilard said the bomb could
have been produced “about the
spring of 1944. according to my best
guess.”
“That was a delay of 18 .months,”
Senator Johnson said. “One war
was finished and another near its
end.”
Dr. Szilard said earlier he be
lieved that Adolf Hitler could have
produced an atomic bomb within 18
months if he had realized its poten
tial destructive power.
Senators Hart, Republican, of
Connecticut, Milliken, Republican,
of Colorado, and Tydings, Democrat,
of Maryland, defended the Army’s,
secrecy rules.
1
Trucking Strike
Ends; Mediator
To Settle Issues
Men Will Resume
Work Tomorrow
Pending Decision
The seven-week strike of 240
truck drivers was settled, at least
temporarily, today when a stipu
lation was agreed on between
union and trucking firm repre
sentatives for appointment of
one arbitrator by the, Secretary
of Labor to consider ail issues in
dispute.
The truck drivers will report to
work tomorrow morning to resume
operation of a fleet of trucks whose
idleness had tied up delivery of
Christmas goods from railroads to
stores here.
The decision of the arbitrator, it
was agreed, will be binding on both
parties.
Conciliator Takes Part.
The agreement was reached in
the office of Joseph C McGarraghy,
who represents the 11 strike-bound
trucking firms.
At the conference, where Mr.
McGarraghy was the sole repre
--- ’v tuujpamcj, HlC
union men were represented by
Thomas P O'Brien, the general
organizer of the International Broth
hood of Teamsters. Chauffeurs,
Warehousemen and Helpers of
America <AFL) and A. W. Stream,
president of Local 639
The Government was represented
by Richard Goodrick of the Con
ciliation Service, who has been
working on the case.
The conference got under way
shoHtly after 11 a.m. and announce
ment of the agreement was made
about an hour and a half later.
Decision to Be Final.
By agreement among all at the
conference Mr. McGarraghy an
nounced the results. In a brief state
ment he said:
.The union and the operators have
entered into an stipulation whereby
all issues in the dispute will be sub
mitted to an arbitrator to be ap
pointed by the Secretary of Labor.
"The decision of the arbitrator will
be final and binding on both parties.
"The union agrees that the men
will return to work without preju
dice at regular duty time Tuesday,
December 11, 1945."
240 Men Involved.
Provisions of the agreement were .
reduced to writing in a stipulation
signed by both parties.
| Asked by The Star if they had
i anything to add to Mr. McGar
! ragh's statement, Mr. Stream said
(only that there were 240 men in
volved. These men will report at
; their regular time tomorrow morn
i ing, he said.
The hours of reporting are for
I the most part in the early morning,
: but there are some odd-hour shifts,
ne said.
The decision was expected to be
greeted warmly by stores and the
public, since the strike had tied up
large amounts of Christmas mer
| chandise in railroad cars on the
sidings here.
Many stores had complained
some of their Christmas stocks
were virtually exhausted.
The walkout began October 24
after teamsters' contracts expired
with the trucking firms and de
mands w-ere handed the operators
for wage increases of up to 94 a week
with 16 “fringe” demands dealing
with vacations, injury compensation
and other issues.
The operators — members of the
D. C. Labor Relations Council, an
organization of company represen
tatives set up to handle labor dis
putes—at first flatly refused to meet
with union men to discuss a new
contract.
Some Bolted Council.
Some trucking companies, such
as the Jacobs Transfer Co., which
handles all of the B. & O. Railroad
freight, bolted the council and
raised regular drivers 5'j cents an
hour without meeting the union de
mand for 9>j cents, and remained
in operation. Some of the smaller
companies also met union demands
in part because they could not af
ford the financial loss entailed in a
complete work stoppage.
A seven-point arbitration plan
advanced by the Commissioners,
who entered the dispute in response
to appeals by Washington business
men. was rejected by company coun
sel on the grounds that it was “union
dictated.” This offer followed sev
(See TRUCKERS, Page A-57)
Woman Found Slain
In Chicago Hotel
; By the Associated Press.
CHICAGO. Dec. 10.—The nude
body of a stenographer, recently
discharged from the WAVES, with
a 12-inch bread knife thrust through
her neck, was found today in tire
bathroom of her hotel apartment.
The killer left this note in lipstick
on the wall:
“For heaven’s sake catch me be
fore I kill more. I can not con
trol myself.”
The body of Miss Frances Brown,
33, the breadknife thrust through
her neck, its point and handle pro
truding beneath each ear, was found
in the bathtub of her blood-spat
tered, rifled apartment when her
roommate returned from spending
the night with a friend.
Police Capt. Frank Reynolds said
the apartment, in the Pine Crest
Hotel on the North Side, showed
evidence of a struggle and the kill
er’s message showed peculiarities
which included the use of “m” for
“n” in the word "cannot.” Capt.
Reynolds said.
Miss Brown, formerly of Rich
mond, Ind., had been dead about two
hours before her body was discov
ered. Capt. Reynolds said it was ■
lying backward across the edge of
the bathtub, the head down, with a
nightgown looped about the neck,
concealing the knife.

xml | txt