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■ ... . — ..... . . Guide for Readers Page. Page. After Dark -A-8 Lost, Found.A-3 Amusements ...A-13 Obituary .A-12 Comics .B-14-15 Radio ...B-15 Editorials ^.....A-10 Society__B-3 Editl Articles...A-ll Sports _A-14-15 Finance .A-17 Woman's Page..B-10 An Associated Press Newspaper City Home Delivery, Daily and Sunday at /-itt'XTrpci " _ 90c a Month. When 5 Sundays. $1.00 « IxHuN I © Marshall Declares Instructions To Wait for 'Overt Act' by Japs Were Received From Roosevelt Testifies 1940 Alert Followed Tip'of Attack on Hawaii By J. A. O’LEARY and CARTER BROOKE JONES. President Roosevelt personally directed. that the war warnings sent out by the Army and Navy to their field commands 10 days before the Japanese attack in struct them to wait for an overt act by Japan. Gen. George C. Marshall testified today before the Pearl Harbor Investigating Committee. It was the late President who personally ordered the warnings to state that “the United States wants Japan to commit the first overt act,” the former Chief of StafT said. Gen. Marshall also testified that the reason the 1940 alert which he ordered in Hawaii was more defi nitely a warning against attack than the message of November 27, 1941, was that the first alert was based on “information from some source'’ that Hawaii was in specific danger of an attack. Second Was General Warning. The second warning, sent as a Japanese task force was steaming tnn/OrW TJonraii n-ne « nnn eral warning, sent alike to the Phil-1 ippines, Alaska, the Panama Canal and other points, Gen. Marshall ex-1 plained. He pointed out that before! Pearl Harbor there was no definite! information that the Japanese in tended to strike there. Regarding the cautious nature of the final warnings which the armed forces sent to their commanders in the Pacific and elsewhere, Gen. Marshall told the committee: "I think I probably got direct in structions from the President to put in our message that ‘the United' States desires Japan to commit the first overt act.’ But I don't recall definitely.' This testimony was brought out: under cross examination by Senator: Ferguson. Republican, of Michigan. ‘You cannot now recall." the Sen-j ater asked, "whether you discussed the matter with the President?” Phrasing Was Discussed. “I don’t recall,” Gen. Marshall re peated. “I assume I did. I am spe cific in my recollection that he gave the direction. I think he gave it to me in person, but J m not sure1 of that. I know it came from him' and it had to go into the message.! I know there was discussion of how we would phrase it as we wrote the' message.” Regarding the 1940 alert in Ha waii, which has come in for wide discussion during the hearings, Senator Ferguson referred to the text of the message sent Lt. Gen. C. D. Herron, predecessor of Maj. Gen. Walter C. Short as command er of the Hawaiian Department. This message stated: “Immediately alert complete de fensive organization to deal with possible trans-Pacifie raid, to great est extent possible without creating public hysteria or provoking undue curiosity of newspapers or alien agent. Suggest maneuver basis . . .” “Do you know,” Senator Fergu son asked, “why such an alert was not sent to Hawaii on November 27. 1941?” “No.^ir.” said Gen. Marshall, “ex cept that in 1940 Hawaii was being Ull.4 WJ 114AU* iilUViUll 1IUUI OVillC source which indicated danger of a raid specifically against Hawaii. The 1941 warnings were general in nature.” * On November 27, 10 days before the Japanese attacked, the Chief of Staff sent this message to Gen. Short in Hawaii: "Negotiations with Japan appear to be terminated to all practicable purposes, with only the barest possibilities that the Jap anese government may come back and offer to continue. Japanese fu ture action unpredictable, but hos tile action possible at any moment.” Navy Was Not Alerted. “Did you know the Navy was not alerted in Hawaii when 'you sent the 1940 warning to Gen. Herron?” Senator Ferguson asked. Gen. Marshall said he could re call nothing about that at the time, though since these hearings began he had learned something of the sort through having his attention called to the testimony of Admiral James O. Richardson, commander of the United States Fleet in 1940. The Army Pearl Harbor Board held that the pre-Pearl Harbor at tack warning was “inadequate,” as serting that “it did not convey to Short the full import of the in formation concerning the Americah Japanese relations which was in the hands of the War Department.” “Why did you put the 1940 alert on a maneuver basis?” Senator Fer guson inquired. Gen. Marshall said the idea was to avoid public hysteria. Senator Ferguson referred to Gen. Short’s answer«to the 1941 alert, in which the Hawaiian commander merely reported, “Department alert ed to prevent sabotage. Liaison with Navy," Gen. Marshall had tes tified that he could not recall this reply, but assumed he read it, adding that he took whatever responsibility attached to failure to consider its significance. Short s Reply Discussed. When an overseas commander, Senator Ferguson continued, is ordered to do something and he re plies stating what he has done and there is no further word from the War Department, would it not be logical for him to assume he has carried out the order? “I assume so,” said Gen. Marshall. “That would be Army practice?” "I think so.” Senator Ferguson then went into . Gen. Marshall's recollection of an Intercepted and decoded message from Tokyo to the Japanese Am bassador in Washington directing (See PEARL HARBOR, Pg. A-16.J ■%' f Gen. Patton Slightly Improved; V/ife, Confident, Reaches Side Blood Transfusion Given; Soldiers in U. S. Start Prayer Movement for Him BULLETIN. HEIDELBERG i^P1. — Gen. George S. Patton, jr.. was re ported rallying tonight, with some improvement from the paralysis resulting from the fracture of his neck. By ifce Associated Press. HEIDELBERG, Germany, Dec. 11.—Mrs. George S. Patton, jr., expressing confidence that her husband’s fighting heart will carry him through to recovery, arrived today at the Army hos pital where the general is in a critical condition from a broken neck. “You can tell me all about it,” Mrs. Patton said to Maj. Gen. Al bert Kenner, Army theater surgeon, “but I have seen Georgie in these scrapes before and he always comes out all right.” Mrs. Patton arrived here following a flight from the United States in an Army plane and went immedi ately to the 130th station hospital. Gen. Patton, paralyzed from the neck fracture, improved slightly during the night, it was officially announced. He has had a blood transfusion. The colorful commander of the 15th Army had a good night and his general condition was "maintained at a satisfactory level,’* an official bulletin said. Corpl. Salvatore dl Bernado of Port Chester. N. Y„ dental tech nician at the 130th Station Hospital where Gen. Patton is a patient, dis closed he gave blood for the trans fusion Sunday, shortly after the general was brought here. Mrs. Patton was accompanied by Col. R. Glenn Spurling, neuro surgery specialist, and an officer of the Army’s operations division. An American transport plane carrying the trio took off for Heidelberg from Marseilles at 10:22 am. GMT (5:22 a.m. EST). The C-54 plane. _'See PATTON Page 4-T) lonferees Approve Limited Revamping Powers for Truman Reorganization Bill Exempting 11 Agencies Awaits Action Thursday By the Associated Press. Legislation giving the Presi dent limited authority to reor ganize the executive branch of Government was approved today by Senate and House conferees. The conference measure, product of three weeks of study, exempts 11 agencies wholly or partially from reorganization. The Senate had barred revamping of 14, while the House had given full exemption or preferred status to eight. The bill now awaits floor action, first by the House, then the Senate. Senator Murdock, Democrat, of Utah, acting chairman of the-Sen ate conferees, declared the powers granted the President are “ample, adequate and generous.” Repre sentative Manasco, Democrat, of Alabama, head of House conferees, said he thought President Truman would be “well pleased.” “It is not all that he requested.” Senator Murdock said, “but his ef forts in reorganization will not be very much impeded by restrictive provisions of the bill.” Mr. Manasco said he probably will call up the conference report for a vote Thursday. As rewritten in conference the bill rules out any reorganization of the civil functions of the Army fjiigiiicci a. a ma puaoc ui me cn* gineers’ work includes such projects as flood control. Six other agencies are fully ex empted, except that functions, agencies and personnel can be transferred to them. Those are the Interstate Commerce Commission, Federal Trade Commission, Securi ties and Exchange Commission, Na tional Mediation Board, National Railroad Adjustment Board and Railroad Retirement Board. Separate reorganization plans would have to be submitted for each of four agencies: The Federal Com munications Commission, Federal Deposit Insurance Corp„ United States Tariff Commission and Vet erans' Administration. The revised bill lifted restrictions on reorganization which the Senate had voted for the Maritime Com mission, the Federal Power Commis sion, and the Federal Land Bank System, and removes tht preferred status the House gave the Civil Serv ice Commission. Any reorganization plan submitted by the President to Congress would become effective in 60 days unless both houses disapproved. Truman Host on Yacht At Cabinet Luncheon President Truman was host at a cabinet luncheon today aboard the presidential yacht Williamsburg docked at the Navy Yard. The cabinet met at the White House at 12:45 and went in a body to the Navy Yard for the 1 o’clock luncheon. Stardust Sold By Aga Khan For $448,000 By the Associated Press. LONDON, Dec. 11.—The race horse Stardust has been sold by the Aga Khan to a breeding syndicate for the record price of £112,000 <$448, 000), it was disclosed today. The price paid was £12,000 ($48,000) more than the Aga Khan's son, Prince Aly Khan, received for the St. Leger winner, Teheran, last week, returning $848,000 to Aga Khan's stable in one week. Stardust, by Hyperion out of Sister Stells, was sent to stud in 1940 after a moderately successful record as a 2-year-old and 3-year old. He has since sired many win ners, among them Maharaj Kumar, winner of four out of five races as a 2-year-old this year, and the 3-year old Joan's Star, which ran second in the Cambridgeshire race this season. Action on Federal Pay Bill Postponed Again in Senate Senate consideration of the Fed eral pay raise bill was postponed again today because of other legisla tion. Senator Downey, Democrat, of California, who is sponsor of the bill to increase salaries of Government employes by 20 per cent, said he ex pected Senate action on his measure tomorrow. Yesterday Senator Downey yielded the floor to Senator Hill, Democrat, of Alabama to allow the latter to bring up legislation for Federal grants to States for hospital con struction. The Senate is expected to take all day today in voting amend ments to the bill and on its final passage. When the Federal pay bill does come up, Senator Downey expects to offer a number of amendments, in cluding $5,000 annual raises for top Government officials and Federal judges. Scotland Yard Seeks Police To Halt Record Crime Wave By the Associated Press. LONDON, Dec. 11—Scotlami Yard appealed today for volunteer, part time policemen, and for increased civil vigilance in its efforts to check a record-breaking crime wave sweeping over England. Criminal offenses in London’s metropolitan area rose to 12,179 in October, the highest in Scotland Yard history. The increase was at tributed in part to the 10,000 men, including about 500 Americans, who are at large as deserters or absent without leave from the armed services. Home Secretary James Chuter Ede urged chief constables all over England to recruit, 16,000 new police men in the next two years. Mean time, the volunteers would, be trained, wear uniforms and have the responsibilities and authorities of regular police. Ex-Sailor Admits Killing Driver Who Chided Him for Drinkina ay me Associated Press. ATLANTA, Dec. 11.—A young dis charged sailor confessed today, the FBI announced, that he killed a missing publishing company exec utive because he upbraided him for drinking. A. I. Means, acting agent in charge of the FBI office here, said the ex-sailor, Walter Hillman Year wood, 22, of Bishop, Ga„ confessed the slaying. Harry W. Williamson, Southern manager of Charles Scribner's Sons, had been missing since the night of November 19. The FBI agent gave this account of Yearwood’s story: The sailor the night of Novem ber 19 stood on a street comer in Athens, Ga., with a view to “thumbing" a ride. Mr. Williamson stopped and picked him* up. They drove 4 or 5 miles toward Atlanta and Mr. Williamson up braided the young man about drink ing. Yearwood then pulled out a pistol and shot him through the head. i Yearwood put the body to the rear seat compartment of the sedan and drove to his home at Bishop. It was late at night. He went inside, talked briefly with his parents. His father is town marshal of Bishop. He then drove away. He placed Mr. Williamson’s body upright in the front seat. A few miles away at a bridge across the Apalachee River, Year wood took the body from the car and threw it into the stream. He was wearing the victim’s suit and shoes when arrested by an FBI agent who sighted Yearwood in a car and gave chase. Two days after the slaying Year wood was picked up in Leesville, La., where he went to visit a sister. He was detained on a charge of suspi cion in connection with the car he was driving. But he satisfied Leesville officers that the car was his own and he was released a few days later. Mr. Means said Yearwood was given a “bad conduct” discharge, from the Navy last June. I ST0** » f PfSOA/. , . /At WiVtifi, jg^wv , is^5s. 6 2 \ l THEY’RE RIGHT | Dr. Hobart M. Corning Named Union Plan to Curb Superintendent of D. C. Schools Strikes Paves Wav ■■ ■ k a a a ■ ■ caucator, now nead Of Omaha System, Takes Office March 1 Dr. Hobart Munson Corning, 56, now school superintendent in Omaha, Nebr., and a graduate of Central High School here, today was appointed superintendent of the District Public Schools to succeed Robert L. Haycock, who is retiring. Dr. Corning will take office March 1. The Board of Education, after sev eral months of canvassing the coun try for a new superintendent, ap pointed Dr. Corning at a special meeting at the Franklin School. Dr. Robert A. Maurer, chairman of the Selection Committee, traveled widely to visit a "long list of outstanding superintendents” before Dr. Corning was selected, he said. The superintendent-elect has, been for the last five years school head in Omaha, "a city typically Ameri can to an unusual degree,” the board commented. He w’as bom in Ohio, but attended public elementary and high school here. He «m graduated from Central High School in 1907. After graduation from Dickinson College, at Carlisle, Pa., in 1911, he got a master’s degree in English there and later a master's degree in school administration from Colum bia University. Dr. Corning holds DR. HOBART MUNSON CORNING. I ! an honorary degree of doctor of education from Colorado College. ! Dr. Corning has been for several - years an acquaintance of Mr. Haycock, who praised him today as , a “man j>f„. sterling qualities and! 'broad experience’ The retiring superintendent stated that his sue-, cessor had won recognition amdng schools in larger cities as one of the] “ablest" men in the education field.! Mr. Haycock, who becomes 70 Peb- j -See CORNINGTPage A-6.) j ichwellenbach Names Sheridan as Arbitrator In D. C. Truck Strike Workers Begin Hauling Goods to Replenish Washington Stores Hugh Sheridan, arbitrator for the New York City trucking in dustry, today was appointed by Secretary of Labor Schwellen bach to arbitrate the Washing ton trucking wage dispute, as fleets of trucks delivered Yule! goods for the first time in seven weeks this morning after yester day’s agreement to abide by the arbitrator’s decision. The Labor Secretary said that Mr. Sheridan will arrive here tomorrow.1 The appointee has been since 1941 j impartial arbitrator for the Arbi tration Authority of the Trucking! Industry of New York City, and sev- i eral times has been appointed arbi- I trator in trucking disputes by the| War Labor Board, Mr. Schwellen bach said. Truck company and union repre sentatives have signed an agreement to arbitrate “all issues” pending in the dispute and to abide by Mr. Sheridan’s decision. The trucks which rolled at 7:30 a.m. today from the Pennsylvania Railroad freight yards were loaded yesterday after the agreement. Merchants, their representatives and the public hailed the end of the strike which has resulted In badly depleted Yule stocks in stores all over Washington. Hails End of Strike. Edward D. Shaw, executive secre tary of the Merchants and Manu facturers’ Association, in a state ment declared: “Washington’s tradesmen, retail ers and wholesalers are very glad that the strike is over. “Much of the merchandise which storekeepers have so desperately lacked will be available within the next few days as an immediate re sult of yesterday’s agreement if the railroad people can locate the right cars on the sidings. Other ship ments will be longer in coming from out-of-town points and are going to be pretty late. “The settlement didn’t come a moment too soon to help out the smaller merchants and those who depend on frequent replenishment of their stock. The larger stores, of course, will be helped, too, although many of them began filling their warehouses with Christmas goods last spring and summer. “We hope the truckers will be able to move as much seasonal merchan dise as possible into stores to take care of the critical shortage whifch arose after the strike began. "The people want and need those goods. The agreement has helped both merchant and shopper.” The Pennsylvania Railroad lines plan to lift the embargo against shipments here as soon as the con (See TRUCKERS, Page A-4.) Jail Uthcials suggest Frightened' Prisoner Got Saws at Lorfon • Inmate Tells Judge of 'Death Threats'; Bits Of Blades Discovered (Picture on Page B-l.) A prisoner who told District Court he feared being returned to the District Jail because he ivas “threatened with death’’ may have carried saw blades found in his cell there from Lor ton Reformatory, where he for merly was confined, jail officials suggested today. How bits of the blades were dis covered over a three-day period also was disclosed in one of the j many ramifications of the jail in vestigation dating from the Novem ber 24 escape-of five prisoners. The story began leaking out yes terday when the prisoner, James Benjamin Lloyd, 27, colored, broke down before Chief Justice Bolitha J. Laws, crying that he "would do anything to keep from going back to those jails because those men already have their orders." Held at Police Station. Impressed by’ the plea. Justice Laws ordered the man locked in first precinct police station until he can be moved to Philadelphia to face auto-theft charges. It was tms exiracnuon nearing inai orougnt Lloyd into court. The Star was told that when Lloyd left Lorton Reformatory No vember 19 after serving a sentence for violation of the draft laws he thought he was going free. He did not know he was headed for the District Jail on a detainer from • the District police, but The Star’s Informants said the guards who checked him out and were aware of the fact found no saw blades. A prison bus carried the prisoner iirect to the District Jail. He pre sumably underwent the usual search, sut no blades were reported found. Lloyd later said he was fright ened to find himself in another jail with the saw blades and Immedi ately broke them into six pieces. When the Metropolitan police swooped down on the jail December 3 for a surprise shakedown, they (See JAIL BREAK, Page A-4.) 90th Division Elements Leave France for Home By the Associated Press, PARIS, Dec. 11.—The first ele nents of the 90th Division were Homeward bound today from Mar seille. The 100th Division, alerted for re ieployment, was scheduled to move nto the staging area near Marseille December 17. £ For Ford Pay Talks Company's Reaction Raises Hope for Settling Other Auto Disputes By the Associated Press. DETROIT. Dec. 11.—A union plan for curbing "wildcat” strikes ind slowdowns paved the way today for wage talks with the ^ord Motor Co., only member of the automotive “Big Three” still jnder union contract. The Ford Co.'s favorable reaction 0 the proposal also raised the pos sibility that some similar method night be used in solving other auto ndustry labor deadlocks such as the strike of General Motors em nloyes. Countering a management de mand for "company security.” the CIO United Automobile Workers Dffered to subject instigators of un authorized work stoppages in Ford plants to discharge and participants to such action to fines. An unauthorized interruption of work was described as one resulting from a dispute which could be set lied by the impartial umpire or, if aot in this category, as issue not ap- i proved by the international union. ! Daily Fines Considered. Any employe ordered discharged >y the umpire could demand an in vestigation by the local union, and >n proving his innocence, could have 1 grievance processed. If a settle ment then could not be reached, the iispute would go back to the umpire 'or decision. The fines—$3 a day for the first jffense and $5 for the second— would be deducted from the worker’s' 38V and donated to the President's Infantile Paralysis Fund. The company would agree not to i Dermit any lockouts and could im-] cose "appropriate financial penal- i :ies” on any of its representatives! t finds guilty of provoking a strike, j such money going to the union's welfare fund. The umpire, at the tnion’s request, also would have the ight to review such penalties and •evise them or discharge the com pany representatives. John S. Bugas, director of Ford ndustrial relations, said he was “en :ouraged to see that the union has riven some consideration” to the :ompany’s demand for security. • Reiterates Stand. He repeated that the Ford plan ■o assess the union $5 a day tor each nember taking part in an unau ihorized work interruption “would iccomplish our objective” and with leld comment on the union propo sal “until we have had opportunity :o study it.” The Detroit News quoted an un identified Ford official as saying the company would eliminate the check off and closed shop from the pend ing contract unless it was satisfied with the union’s company security proposal. “The union will just have to col lect its own dues unless company negotiators become convinced that the union plan will cut down pro duction losses,” the official was quot ed as saying. Earlier, Mr. Bugas had said: “Our position, is clear. * * * Continuation Df this union security depends upon the union in turn tangibly guaran teeing company security.” Riqjiard T. Leonard, UAW-CIO ?ord director, said the company had igreed to discuss the union's 30 per (See AUTO WORKERS, Page A-18) Basil O'Connor Reappointed qs Red Cross Head President Truman today reap pointed Basil O’Connor of New York as chairman of the American Red! Cross. Mr. O’Connor, a former law part ner of the late President Roosevelt, also is chairman of the National i Foundation for Infantile Paralysis. Mr. Truman also reappointed four members of the Central Committee \ of the Red Cross to serve for a year jand named a new member—Secre tary of the Treasury Vinson—who; succeeds former Undersecretary of' the Treasury, Daniel W. Bell. The members reappointed were; Assistant Secretary of State Will; ; Clayton, Surg. Gen. Norman T. j Kirk of the Army, Attorney General' Clark and Vice Admiral Ross T. Mc Intire, surgeon general of the Navy. World's Deadliest Gas Developed by Tests ; On Nazis' Prisoners AMG Aide Says Foe Denies U. S. Benefited By Cartel Agreements ! Ey the Associated Press. Senators heard from a mili-; tary government official today! that Germany “developed the deadliest poison gas in the world” by testing it on concen tration camp inmates. The testimony came from Col. Bernard Bernstein, director of the division of cartels and external as sets of the United States Military: Government in Germany. He sub-: mitted' a statement to a Senate Military Affairs Subcommittee head ed by Senator Kilgore, Democrat,: of West Virginia. Col. Bernstein also offered what he said was a German denial of a Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey contention that the United States benefited rather than suffered through Standard's prewar relations with the big German dye trust, I. G. Far benindus trie. Germans Destroyed Stocks. On the poison gas matter, he said1 many plants and all stocks of poison gas were destroyed by order of the German government before occu pation by the Russians. Col. Bern stein continued: “But at least one of the terrible secrets which the Germans hoped' to save for the next war was un covered. “Our investigation has disclosed that an I. G. Farben official at Wuppertal-Elberfeld developed the deadliest poison gas in the world. This gas. unknown to the military authorities of the Allied nations, could have pentrated any gas mask in existence. Whole Groups Exterminated. "I- G. originally carried out its poison gas experiments on monkeys;! later on human beings. • * * These gases were not only used on helpless people during the stages of experi mentation, but were later used with j full knowledge and acquiescence on the part of Farben to exterminate whole groups in concentration camps such as Auschwitz.” The Senate hearing is directed at the question of cartels, or interna tional agreements among companies as to the division of world markets and the exchange of technical in formation. In this connection. Col. Bernstein said: “In addition to its numerous sub sidiaries, I. G.'s world-wide affilia-j tions included hundreds of separate! non-German concerns and ranged1 over a score of industries. Firms Are Listed. “Its cartel agreements numbered over 2.000 and included agreements with such major industrial concerns as Standard Oil (New Jersey), the Aluminun Co. of America. E. I. du Pont de Nemours, Ethyl Export; Corp., Imperial Chemical Industries 'Great Britain), the Dow Chemical Co., Rohm & Haas. Establissements : Kuhlmann (France) and the Mitsui interests of Japan. “In an article * * * which appeared1 in the Petroleum Times for Decem ber 25. 1943, Mr. R. T. Haslam of Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey de fended Standard Oil's relationships with I. G. Farben. “He stated that the ‘secrets 'See CARTELS. Page A-6.) Arabs Hit U. S. Role In Palestine Issue Br the Associated I’rtss. CAIRO, Dec. 11.—A committee representing all Arab parties in Palestine declared today the United States had no right to interfere in the Palestine question, saying it was essentially a matter for Britain and Palestine alone. The statement was released by a member of the committee at a meeting of the Pan-Arab League, during which Palestinians for the first time had a right to vote. Be cause Palestine, as a British man date, is not officially a member of the league, Palestinians previously had had only observer rights at league meetings. Soviet JO-Year-Olds Kidnaped As Nazi Slaves, Court Informed Gestapo AJso Favored Abduction to Build Up Population, Prosecution Shows - By DANIEL DE LUCE, Associated Press Foreign Correspondent. NUERNBERG, Dec. 11.—Ten fear-old Russian children were ddnaped for slavery in German war factories as part of the Nazi :ampaign of “extermination through work,” according to evi dence submitted today at the war crimes trial of 21 of Hitler’s »p leaders. Producing the Germans’ own rec ords of mass enslavement of con luered peoples to keep the Nazi war nachine running. Assistant Amerl an Prosecutor Thomas J. Dodd said h the kidnaping policy was approved by Alfred Rosenberg, the party’s official philosopher and fifth column expert. Npt only were children kidnaped for slave labor, but the abduction also of children of "good blood" was favored by the Gestapo to build up Germany’s war-depleted population, other Nazi records disclosed. The Nazi leaders on trial before the International Military Tribunal earlier in the day’s session watched with mixed emotions a documentary film of themselves in the decade in which Hitler grabbed power,and set (See NUERNBERG, Page A-3.) " House Prepares For Test Vote On Labor Bill To Take Up Measure Restricting Political Activities of Unions By JAMES Y. NEWTON. The House prepared today for a test vote on other labor legisla tion during a lull in hearings on President Truman’s plan to cre ate fact-finding commissions for investigation of major industrial disputes. A Military Affairs Committee bill to restrict political activities of un ions and penalize them for violating no-strike clauses of contracts was up for consideration, but leaders an nounced that the vote would con cern only rules that will prevail dur. ing consideration of the measure. One rule would ban amendment unless it had been approved by the committee that wrote it. Labor sup porters said they would try to de feat the resolution and bar consid eration of the bill itself until it had gone back to the Rules Committee for further action. C'ftnfiHOnt of A nnvntTnl Advocates of the union-restricting bill, however, were confident the res olution would win approval and that they could call up the bill itself when they desire. The House Labor Committee yes terday heard John L. Lewis lambast the Truman fact-finding bill and President Eric Johnston of the United States Chamber of Com merce express disapproval of two of its main provisions. Mr. Johnston said he favored the fact-finding idea, but did not think fact-finding commissions should have subpoena power. He opposed the banning of strikes or lockouts for 30 days while a commission was working. He urged Congress not to move in “haste” in consideration of the measure. The hearings were recessed until tomorrow by Acting Chairman Rams peck. AFL President William Green, and Ira Mosher, head of the National Association of Manufac turers, will be heard then. Filibuster Threat Reported. Chairman May of the Military Affairs Committee said the timing of moves to advance his group's bill "depends on how fast the Labor Committee moves.” Mr. Ramspeck said he was anxious to expedite hearings but that some committee members "want to fili buster.” The recess in hearings to day had nothing to do with this, however- since Mr. Johnston had been scheduled for today. From their line of questioning, committee members appeared con siderably impressed with the testi mony of Mr. Lewis and Mr. Johnson. President Truman had asked Con gress to act on his legislative pro posal before the Christmas recess. Dip in Temperature To 18 Due Tonight Temperatures were expected to re main near freezing all day today as Washingtonians were warned bv the District forecaster to expect the coldest night of the season. Yesterday 2 inches of snow fell in Washington while up to 3 inches was registered in suburban sections as the Capital experienced its first real snow of the year. The temperature tonight is ex pected to drop to 18 degrees, the forecaster said. The low reached so far was 27 degrees at 7:10 a.m. Today's high will be about 33. with clear weather predicted for tonight and tomorrow. Tomorrow temperatures are not expected to climb above freezing. Fortunately for Washington motorists, yesterday's heavy traffic prevented glaze from forming on the streets during the snowfall. Subsidiary streets, however, were slick early in the evening when temperatures went below freezing and this morning park police were forced to close several Rock Creek Park drives because of ice. Both Maryland and Virginia face similar -weather with snow flurries forecast for the mountain region in Virginia. Late Bulletin Steel Strike Set for Jan. 14 PITTSBURGH (#).—'The CIO United Steel Workers’ Wage Policy Committee today adopted a resolution calling for a steel strike at 12:01 a.m. January 14. (Earlier Story on Page A-4.) Charles Town Results FIRST RACE—Purse, $800; 3-year-olds and up; claiming; about 4% furlongs Q* lrfW«rk> 560 ik 'UZ 3:28 Also ran—Bird o' Gold. Tie Me Cream, Marandan. Mother Daisy on SECOND RACE—Purse. $700: 4.Tear 1 'S 80,Ie4 o„4 l l Wrtght’ Time. 1:62%. 8.20 155, Royal*Ml?Ibno'roRciut 5tU*hi (Daily Double paid $2'2.80 ) THIRD RACE—Purse CHnn- *> claiming; 6% furlongs S°00' ~year-olds; SaikikGiow <E. Wrightl 16 "o . Two Bucks (MeyerI T J? 4 20 Gold Tag (Ardulnl) 4.40 2.so Time. 1:24%. 2.60 Spring On*" Impression. Bright Wave> New Overseas Edition Will Be Out Tomorrow Overseas mSE °f Pe Star’s overseas Edition will be readv tomorrow. Free copies with envelopes for mailing, may be obtained at The Stir’s bLi! ness counter and the Victory Bond *booth in Lansbureh^ Department Store. ^ition is strictly lim ited Pleas* don’t waste a single copy.